26.5.2007   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 135/6


COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2007/28/EC

of 25 May 2007

amending certain Annexes to Council Directives 86/363/EEC and 90/642/EEC as regards maximum residue levels for azoxystrobin, chlorfenapyr, folpet, iprodione, lambda-cyhalothrin, maleic hydrazide, metalaxyl-M and trifloxystrobin

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Council Directive 86/363/EEC of 24 July 1986 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on foodstuffs of animal origin (1), and in particular Article 10 thereof,

Having regard to Council Directive 90/642/EEC of 27 November 1990 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on certain products of plant origin, including fruit and vegetables (2), and in particular Article 7 thereof,

Having regard to Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market (3), and in particular Article 4(1)(f) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

In accordance with Directive 91/414/EEC, authorisations of plant protection products for use on specific crops are the responsibility of the Member States. Such authorisations have to be based on the evaluation of effects on human and animal health and influence on the environment. Elements to be taken into account in such evaluations include operator and bystander exposure and impact on the terrestrial, aquatic and aerial environments, as well as impact on humans and animals through consumption of residues on treated crops.

(2)

Maximum residue levels (MRLs) reflect the use of minimum quantities of pesticides to achieve effective protection of plants, applied in such a manner that the amount of residue is the smallest practicable and is toxicologically acceptable, in particular in terms of estimated dietary intake.

(3)

MRLs for pesticides covered by Directives 86/363/EEC and 90/642/EEC are to be kept under review and may be modified to take account of new or changed uses. Information about new or changed uses has been communicated to the Commission which should lead to changes in the residue levels of azoxystrobin, chlorfenapyr, folpet, iprodione, lambda-cyhalothrin, maleic hydrazide, metalaxyl-M and trifloxystrobin.

(4)

The lifetime exposure of consumers to those pesticides via food products that may contain residues of those pesticides has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices used within the Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation (4). Based on those assessments and evaluations, the MRLs for those pesticides should be set so as to ensure that the acceptable daily intake is not exceeded.

(5)

In the case of chlorfenapyr, folpet and lambda-cyhalothrin for which an acute reference dose (ARfD) exists, the acute exposure of consumers via each of the food products that may contain residues of these pesticides has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices currently used within the Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation. The opinions of the Scientific Committee on Plants (SCP), in particular advice and recommendations concerning the protection of consumers of food products treated with pesticides (5), have been taken into account. Based on the dietary intake assessment, the MRLs for those pesticides should be fixed so as to ensure that the ARfD will not be exceeded. In the case of the other substances, an assessment of the available information has shown that no ARfD is required and that therefore a short-term assessment is not needed.

(6)

Where authorised uses of plant protection products do not result in detectable levels of pesticide residues in or on the food product, or where there are no authorised uses, or where uses which have been authorised by Member States have not been supported by the necessary data, or where uses in third countries resulting in residues in or on food products which may enter into circulation in the Community market have not been supported with such necessary data, MRLs should be fixed at the lower limit of analytical determination.

(7)

The setting or modification at Community level of provisional MRLs does not prevent the Member States from establishing provisional MRLs for maleic hydrazide and trifloxystrobin in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC and Annex VI to that Directive. It is considered that a period of four years is sufficient to permit further uses of these substances. The provisional Community MRLs should then become definitive.

(8)

It is therefore necessary to modify the MRLs set out in the Annexes to Directives 86/363/EEC and 90/642/EEC, to allow for proper surveillance and control of the uses of the concerned plant protection products and to protect the consumer. Where MRLs have already been defined in the Annexes to those Directives, it is appropriate to amend them. Where MRLs have not yet been defined, it is appropriate to set them for the first time.

(9)

Directives 86/363/EEC and 90/642/EEC should therefore be amended accordingly.

(10)

The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

Directive 86/363/EEC is amended in accordance with Annex I to this Directive.

Article 2

Directive 90/642/EEC is amended in accordance with Annex II to this Directive.

Article 3

1.   Member States shall adopt and publish, by 26 November 2007 at the latest, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions and a correlation table between those provisions and this Directive.

They shall apply those provisions from 27 November 2007.

When Member States adopt those provisions they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.

2.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 4

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 5

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 25 May 2007.

For the Commission

Markos KYPRIANOU

Member of the Commission


(1)  OJ L 221, 7.8.1986, p. 43. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2007/27/EC (OJ L 128, 16.5.2007, p. 31).

(2)  OJ L 350, 14.12.1990, p. 71. Directive as last amended by Directive 2007/27/EC.

(3)  OJ L 230, 19.8.1991, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2007/25/EC (OJ L 106, 24.4.2007, p. 34).

(4)  Guidelines for predicting dietary intake of pesticide residues (revised), prepared by the GEMS/Food Programme in collaboration with the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues, published by the World Health Organisation 1997 (WHO/FSF/FOS/97.7).

(5)  Opinion regarding questions relating to amending the Annexes to Council Directives 86/362/EEC, 86/363/EEC and 90/642/EEC (Opinion expressed by the SCP on 14 July 1998); Opinion regarding variable pesticide residues in fruit and vegetables (Opinion expressed by the SCP on 14 July 1998); http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/scp/outcome_ppp_en.html


ANNEX I

In Part B of Annex II to Directive 86/363/EEC, the following line is added:

 

Maximum levels in mg/kg

Pesticide residues

of meat, including fat, preparations of meat, offal and animal fats listed in Annex I under heading Nos ex 0201, 0202, 0203, 0204, 0205, 0206, 0207, ex 0208, 0209, 0210, 1601 and 1602

for milk and milk products listed in Annex I under heading Nos 0401, 0402, 0405 and 0406

of shelled fresh eggs, for birds’ eggs and egg yolks listed in Annex I under heading Nos 0407 and 0408

‘Maleic hydrazide (2)

meat (except poultry) 0,05 (3)

liver (except poultry) 0,05 (3)

kidney (except poultry) 0,5 (3)

others 0,02 (1)  (3)

0,2 (3)  (4)

0,1 (3)


(1)  Indicates lower limit of analytical determination.

(2)  Residue definition for milk and milk products is: maleic hydrazide and its conjugates expressed as maleic hydrazide.

(3)  Indicates that the maximum residue level has been established provisionally in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC.

(4)  Indicates that the maximum residue level has been established temporarily until 30 June 2008 pending data to be submitted by the applicant. If no data has been received by that date, the MRL will be withdrawn by a Directive or a Regulation.’


ANNEX II

In part A of Annex II to Directive 90/642/EEC, the columns for azoxystrobin, chlorfenapyr, folpet, iprodione, lambda-cyhalothrin, maleic hydrazide, metalaxyl and trifloxystrobin are replaced by the following:

 

Pesticide residue and maximum residue level (mg/kg)

Groups and examples of individual products to which the MRLs apply

Azoxystrobin

Chlorfenapyr

Folpet

Iprodione

Lambda-cyhalothrin

Maleic Hydrazide

Metalaxyl including other mixtures of constituent isomers including metalaxyl-M (sum of isomers)

Trifloxystrobin

‘1.

Fruit, fresh, dried or uncooked, preserved by freezing, not containing added sugar; nuts

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

 

 

(i)

CITRUS FRUIT

1

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

0,5

0,3 (3)

Grapefruit

 

 

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

Lemons

 

 

 

5 (3)

0,2

 

 

 

Limes

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

 

 

Mandarins (including clementines and other hybrids)

 

 

 

1 (3)

0,2

 

 

 

Oranges

 

 

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

Pomelos

 

 

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

(ii)

TREE NUTS (shelled or unshelled)

0,1 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

Almonds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brazil nuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cashew nuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chestnuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coconuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hazelnuts

 

 

 

0,2 (3)

 

 

 

 

Macadamia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pecans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pine nuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pistachios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walnuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

 

 

 

 

(iii)

POME FRUIT

0,05 (1)

 

3 (2)

5 (3)

0,1

 

1

0,5 (3)

Apples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pears

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quinces

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(iv)

STONE FRUIT

0,05 (1)

 

 

3 (3)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

Apricots

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

 

1 (3)

Cherries

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

1 (3)

Peaches (including nectarines and similar hybrids)

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

 

1 (3)

Plums

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,2 (3)

Others

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

0,1

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

(v)

BERRIES AND SMALL FRUIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Table and wine grapes

2

 

 

10 (3)

0,2

 

 

5 (3)

Table grapes

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

2

 

Wine grapes

 

 

5

 

 

 

1

 

(b)

Strawberries (other than wild)

2

 

3 (2)

15 (3)

0,5

 

0,5

0,5 (3)

(c)

Cane fruit (other than wild)

 

 

 

10 (3)

 

 

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

Blackberries

3

 

3 (2)

 

 

 

 

 

Dewberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loganberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raspberries

3

 

3 (2)

 

0,2

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

(d)

Other small fruit and berries (other than wild)

0,05 (1)

 

 

10 (3)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

Bilberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cranberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currants (red, black and white)

 

 

3 (2)

 

0,1

 

 

1 (3)

Gooseberries

 

 

3 (2)

 

0,1

 

 

1 (3)

Others

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

(e)

Wild berries and wild fruit

0,05 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,2

 

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

(vi)

MISCELLANEOUS

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

Avocados

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bananas

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,05 (3)

Dates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kiwi

 

 

 

5 (3)

 

 

 

 

Kumquats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Litchis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mangoes

0,2

 

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

Olives (table consumption)

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

Olives (oil extraction)

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

Papaya

0,2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 (3)

Passion fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pineapples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pomegranate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

2.

Vegetables, fresh or uncooked, frozen or dry

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(i)

ROOT AND TUBER VEGETABLES

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

Beetroot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrots

0,2

 

 

0,5 (3)

 

30 (3)

0,1

0,05 (3)

Cassava

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celeriac

0,3

 

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

Horseradish

0,2

 

 

0,5 (3)

 

 

0,1

 

Jerusalem artichokes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parsnips

0,2

 

 

0,5 (3)

 

30 (3)

0,1

 

Parsley root

0,2

 

 

0,5 (3)

 

 

 

 

Radishes

0,2

 

 

0,3 (3)

0,1

 

0,1

 

Salsify

0,2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweet potatoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Swedes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnips

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

0,2 (1)  (3)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

(ii)

BULB VEGETABLES

 

 

 

 

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

Garlic

 

 

 

0,2 (3)

 

15 (3)

0,5

 

Onions

 

 

0,1

0,2 (3)

 

15 (3)

0,5

 

Shallots

 

 

 

0,2 (3)

 

15 (3)

0,5

 

Spring onions

2

 

 

3 (3)

0,05

 

0,2

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

0,2 (1)  (3)

0,05 (1)

 

(iii)

FRUITING VEGETABLES

 

 

 

 

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

 

 

(a)

Solanacea

2

 

 

5 (3)

 

 

 

 

Tomatoes

 

 

2 (2)

 

0,1

 

0,2

0,5 (3)

Peppers

 

 

 

 

0,1

 

0,5

 

Aubergines

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

Okra

 

 

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

Others

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

(b)

Cucurbits — edible peel

1

 

0,02 (1)

2 (3)

0,1

 

 

0,2 (3)

Cucumbers

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

Gherkins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Courgettes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

(c)

Cucurbits — inedible peel

0,5

 

1

1 (3)

0,05

 

 

 

Melons

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,2

0,3 (3)

Squashes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Watermelons

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,2

0,2

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

(d)

Sweetcorn

0,05 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,05

 

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

(iv)

BRASSICA VEGETABLES

 

 

 

 

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

(a)

Flowering brassica

0,5

 

0,02 (1)

0,1 (3)

0,1

 

0,2

 

Broccoli (including Calabrese)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cauliflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)

Head brassica

0,3

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

Brussels sprouts

 

 

 

0,5 (3)

0,05

 

 

 

Head cabbage

 

 

 

5 (3)

0,2

 

1

 

Others

 

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

(c)

Leafy brassica

5

 

0,02 (1)

 

1

 

 

 

Chinese cabbage

 

 

 

5 (3)

 

 

 

 

Kale

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

Others

 

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

(d)

Kohlrabi

0,2

 

0,05

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

(v)

LEAF VEGETABLES AND FRESH HERBS

 

 

 

 

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

(a)

Lettuce and similar

3

 

 

10 (3)

 

 

 

 

Cress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lamb's lettuce

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

Lettuce

 

 

2

 

0,5

 

2

 

Scarole (broad-leaf endive)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Ruccola

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leaves and stems of brassica, including turnip greens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

1

 

0,05 (1)

 

(b)

Spinach and similar

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,5

 

0,05 (1)

 

Spinach

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

Beet leaves (chard)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

(c)

Watercress

0,05 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

(d)

Witloof

0,2

 

0,02 (1)

2 (3)

0,02 (1)

 

0,3

 

(e)

Herbs

3

 

0,02 (1)

10 (3)

1

 

2

 

Chervil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parsley

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celery leaves

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(vi)

LEGUME VEGETABLES (fresh)

 

 

 

 

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

0,05 (1)

 

Beans (with pods)

1

 

2 (2)

5 (3)

0,2

 

 

0,5 (3)

Beans (without pods)

0,2

 

2 (2)

 

 

 

 

 

Peas (with pods)

0,5

 

 

2 (3)

0,2

 

 

 

Peas (without pods)

0,2

 

 

0,3 (3)

0,2

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

(vii)

STEM VEGETABLES (fresh)

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

Asparagus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cardoons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celery

5

 

 

 

0,3

 

 

 

Fennel

 

 

 

 

0,3

 

 

 

Globe artichokes

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leek

2

 

 

 

0,3

 

0,2

 

Rhubarb

 

 

 

0,2 (3)

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

(viii)

FUNGI

0,05 (1)

 

0,02 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

 

0,2 (1)  (3)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

(a)

Cultivated mushrooms

 

 

 

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

(b)

Wild mushrooms

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

3.

Pulses

0,1

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,2 (3)

0,02 (1)

0,2 (1)  (3)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

Beans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lentils

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lupines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Oilseeds

 

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

0,5 (1)  (3)

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)  (3)

Linseed

 

 

 

0,5 (3)

 

 

 

 

Peanuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poppy seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sesame seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunflower seed

 

 

 

0,5 (3)

 

 

 

 

Rapeseed

0,5

 

 

0,5 (3)

 

 

 

 

Soya bean

0,5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mustard seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cotton seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hemp seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,02 (1)  (3)

 

 

 

 

5.

Potatoes

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,1

0,02 (1)  (3)

0,02 (1)

50 (3)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)  (3)

Early potatoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ware potatoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Tea (dried leaves and stalks, fermented or otherwise, Camellia sinensis)

0,1 (1)

50

0,05 (1)

0,1 (1)  (3)

1

0,5 (1)  (3)

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)  (3)

7.

Hops (dried), including hop pellets and unconcentrated powder

20

0,1 (1)

150

0,1 (1)  (3)

10

0,5 (1)  (3)

10

30 (3)


(1)  Indicates lower limit of analytical determination.

(2)  Sum of captan and folpet.

(3)  Indicates that the maximum residue level has been established provisionally in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC.’