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Document 32016R1017

Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/1017 of 23 June 2016 amending Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) as regards inorganic ammonium salts (Text with EEA relevance)

C/2016/3779

OJ L 166, 24.6.2016, p. 1–4 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/1017/oj

24.6.2016   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 166/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2016/1017

of 23 June 2016

amending Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) as regards inorganic ammonium salts

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC (1), and in particular Article 68(1) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

On 14 August 2013, in accordance with the safeguard clause in Article 129(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, the French Republic informed the Commission, the European Chemicals Agency (‘the Agency’) and the other Member States that it had adopted a provisional measure on 21 June 2013 (2) to protect the public from exposure to ammonia released from cellulose wadding insulation materials with ammonium salts used in buildings.

(2)

The provisional measure was authorised until 14 October 2016 by Commission Implementing Decision 2013/505/EU (3), adopted under Article 129(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

(3)

In accordance with Article 129(3) of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, the French Republic initiated the restriction procedure by submitting to the Agency an Annex XV dossier on 18 June 2014.

(4)

The Annex XV dossier (4) proposed a restriction on inorganic ammonium salts, which are added to cellulose insulation as flame retardants, since they lead to the emission of ammonia gas under certain conditions. The dossier proposed 3 ppm as a limit for the emission of ammonia from cellulose insulation treated with inorganic ammonium salts, rather than setting a limit for the content of ammonium salts in the cellulose insulation. The dossier demonstrated that action on a Union-wide basis is necessary.

(5)

On 3 March 2015, the Agency's Committee for Risk Assessment (‘RAC’) adopted an opinion on the restriction proposed in the Annex XV dossier, concluding that there is a risk to human health due to the release of ammonia from cellulose insulation mixtures and articles that needs to be addressed. RAC further stated that the proposed restriction, as modified by RAC, is the most appropriate Union-wide measure to address the identified risks in terms of the effectiveness in reducing those risks.

(6)

RAC proposed that the restriction cover the placing on the market of cellulose insulation containing inorganic ammonium salts, in both mixture and article form. RAC recommended that the restriction oblige suppliers of cellulose insulation mixtures to communicate down the supply chain and ultimately to end users (professional users and consumers) the maximum permissible loading rate (5) of the cellulose insulation mixture used in the test done prior to marketing to demonstrate compliance, for example through documentation accompanying the mixtures or through labelling. The restriction should also require that the maximum permissible loading rate, communicated by the supplier, is not exceeded when the cellulose insulation mixtures are used by downstream users, so that ammonia emissions will not exceed the level determined in the pre-market test. RAC also recommended that by way of derogation, cellulose insulation mixtures which are only used for the production of cellulose insulation articles do not have to comply with the limit set for the emission of ammonia, as the resulting article must itself comply with the emission limit when it is placed on the market or used.

(7)

On 10 June 2015, the Agency's Committee for Socio-Economic Analysis (‘SEAC’) adopted an opinion on the restriction proposed in the Annex XV dossier, indicating that the proposed restriction, as modified by SEAC, is the most appropriate Union-wide measure to address the identified risks in terms of the proportionality of its socioeconomic benefits to its socioeconomic costs.

(8)

SEAC concluded that two years, rather than the one year proposed in the Annex XV dossier, should be given to economic operators to allow them sufficient time to ensure that emissions of ammonia from cellulose insulation containing inorganic ammonium salts are below the specified emission limit.

(9)

RAC and SEAC agreed with the French Republic that an exemption for cellulose insulation treated with inorganic ammonium salts for outdoor use should not be granted.

(10)

The Agency's Forum for Exchange of Information on Enforcement was consulted during the restriction process and its recommendations were taken into account.

(11)

On 25 June 2015 the Agency submitted the opinions of RAC and SEAC (6) to the Commission. Based on those opinions, the Commission concluded that an unacceptable risk to human health arises from cellulose insulation treated with inorganic ammonium salts where the emission of ammonia reaches or exceeds a concentration of 3 ppm under the specified test conditions.

(12)

No specific method for the measurement of the emission of ammonia from cellulose insulation treated with inorganic ammonium salts is presently available. Therefore, an existing test method, Technical Specification CEN/TS 16516, should be adapted for use in determining compliance with the restriction on inorganic ammonium salts until a dedicated method is developed.

(13)

Stakeholders should be allowed sufficient time to take appropriate measures to ensure that, if inorganic ammonium salts are used in cellulose insulation, ammonia emissions do not exceed the specified limit. The application of the restriction on inorganic ammonium salts should therefore be deferred. However, in the interests of continuity and legal certainty, the restriction should apply immediately on entry into force of this Regulation in a Member State which already has in place national measures restricting ammonium salts in cellulose insulation that have been authorised by the Commission in the context of the REACH safeguard procedure.

(14)

Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(15)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee established under Article 133 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 is amended in accordance with the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 23 June 2016.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1.

(2)  Journal Officiel de la République Française, 3 July 2013, ‘Order of 21 June 2013 on the prohibition to place on the market, import, sell, distribute or manufacture cellulose wadding insulation materials with ammonium salts additives’. The draft Order was first submitted to the Commission under Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations.

(3)  Commission Implementing Decision of 14 October 2013 authorising the provisional measure taken by the French Republic in accordance with Article 129 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) to restrict the use of ammonium salts in cellulose wadding insulation materials (OJ L 275, 16.10.2013, p. 52).

(4)  http://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/999a106c-6baf-48c7-8764-0c55576a2517

(5)  The loading rate of the cellulose insulation (stated e.g. in kg/m2) is expressed in thickness (stated e.g. in m) and density (stated e.g. in kg/m3).

(6)  http://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/522a9f94-058a-4bef-9818-f265a1d2d64d


ANNEX

In Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, the following entry is added:

‘65.

Inorganic ammonium salts

1.

Shall not be placed on the market, or used, in cellulose insulation mixtures or cellulose insulation articles after 14 July 2018 unless the emission of ammonia from those mixtures or articles results in a concentration of less than 3 ppm by volume (2,12 mg/m3) under the test conditions specified in paragraph 4.

A supplier of a cellulose insulation mixture containing inorganic ammonium salts shall inform the recipient or consumer of the maximum permissible loading rate of the cellulose insulation mixture, expressed in thickness and density.

A downstream user of a cellulose insulation mixture containing inorganic ammonium salts shall ensure that the maximum permissible loading rate communicated by the supplier is not exceeded.

2.

By way of derogation, paragraph 1 shall not apply to placing on the market of cellulose insulation mixtures intended to be used solely for the production of cellulose insulation articles, or to the use of those mixtures in the production of cellulose insulation articles.

3.

In the case of a Member State that, on 14 July 2016, has national provisional measures in place that have been authorised by the Commission pursuant to Article 129(2)(a), the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall apply from that date.

4.

Compliance with the emission limit specified in the first subparagraph of paragraph 1 shall be demonstrated in accordance with Technical Specification CEN/TS 16516, adapted as follows:

(a)

the duration of the test shall be at least 14 days instead of 28 days;

(b)

the ammonia gas emission shall be measured at least once per day throughout the test;

(c)

the emission limit shall not be reached or exceeded in any measurement taken during the test;

(d)

the relative humidity shall be 90 % instead of 50 %;

(e)

an appropriate method to measure the ammonia gas emission shall be used;

(f)

the loading rate, expressed in thickness and density, shall be recorded during the sampling of the cellulose insulation mixtures or articles to be tested.’


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