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Document JOL_2011_259_R_0007_01

2011/634/: Council Decision of 17 May 2011 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and provisional application of the International Cocoa Agreement 2010
International Cocoa Agreement 2010

OJ L 259, 4.10.2011, p. 7–30 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

4.10.2011   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 259/7


COUNCIL DECISION

of 17 May 2011

on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and provisional application of the International Cocoa Agreement 2010

(2011/634/EU)

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 207(3) and (4), in conjunction with Article 218(5) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)

On 25 June 2010 the negotiating conference, established under the auspices of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, approved the text of the International Cocoa Agreement 2010 (‘the Agreement’).

(2)

The Agreement was negotiated to replace the International Cocoa Agreement 2001 (‘the 2001 Agreement’) which has been extended until 30 September 2012. The Union is a party to the 2001 Agreement and it is therefore in its interest to sign and conclude the Agreement which replaces it.

(3)

The Agreement is open for signature from 1 October 2010 until 30 September 2012 and the instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval may be deposited during the same period.

(4)

The aims of the Agreement fall under the common commercial policy.

(5)

The Agreement should be signed and applied on a provisional basis, pending the completion of the procedures for its conclusion,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The signing of the International Cocoa Agreement 2010 (‘the Agreement’) is hereby authorised on behalf of the European Union, subject to the conclusion of the said Agreement.

The text of the Agreement is attached to this Decision.

Article 2

The President of the Council is hereby authorised to designate the person(s) empowered to sign the Agreement on behalf of the Union.

Article 3

The Agreement shall be applied on a provisional basis (1), pending the completion of the procedures for its conclusion.

Article 4

The Union shall notify the Secretary-General of the United Nations of its intention to apply the Agreement provisionally, in accordance with Article 56 thereof.

Article 5

This Decision shall enter into force on the day of its adoption.

Done at Brussels, 17 May 2011.

For the Council

The President

FAZEKAS S.


(1)  The date from which the Agreement will be provisionally applied will be published in the Official Journal of the European Union by the General Secretariat of the Council.


INTERNATIONAL COCOA AGREEMENT 2010

PREAMBLE

THE PARTIES TO THE AGREEMENT,

(a)

RECOGNISING the contribution of the cocoa sector to poverty alleviation and the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs);

(b)

RECOGNISING the importance of cocoa and the cocoa trade for the economies of developing countries, as a source of income for their populations, and recognising the key contribution of the cocoa trade to their export earnings and to the formulation of social and economic development programmes;

(c)

RECOGNISING the importance of the cocoa sector to the livelihoods of millions of people, particularly in developing countries where small-scale farmers rely on cocoa production as a direct source of income;

(d)

RECOGNISING that close international cooperation on cocoa matters and continuing dialogue between all stakeholders in the cocoa value chain may contribute to the sustainable development of the world cocoa economy;

(e)

RECOGNISING the importance of strategic partnerships between exporting and importing Members to ensure the achievement of a sustainable cocoa economy;

(f)

RECOGNISING the need to ensure the transparency of the international cocoa market, for the benefit of both producers and consumers;

(g)

RECOGNISING the contribution of the previous International Cocoa Agreements of 1972, 1975, 1980, 1986, 1993, and 2001 to the development of the world cocoa economy;

HEREBY AGREE THE FOLLOWING;

CHAPTER I

OBJECTIVES

Article 1

Objectives

With a view to strengthening the global cocoa sector, supporting its sustainable development and increasing the benefits to all stakeholders, the objectives of the Seventh International Cocoa Agreement are:

(a)

To promote international cooperation in the world cocoa economy;

(b)

To provide an appropriate framework for discussion on all cocoa matters among governments, and with the private sector;

(c)

To contribute to the strengthening of the national cocoa economies of Member countries, through the preparation, development and evaluation of appropriate projects to be submitted to the relevant institutions for financing and implementation and seeking finance for projects that benefit Members and the world cocoa economy;

(d)

To strive towards obtaining fair prices leading to equitable economic returns to both producers and consumers in the cocoa value chain, and to contribute to a balanced development of the world cocoa economy in the interest of all Members;

(e)

To promote a sustainable cocoa economy in economic, social and environmental terms;

(f)

To encourage research and the implementation of its findings through the promotion of training and information programmes leading to the transfer to Members of technologies suitable for cocoa;

(g)

To promote transparency in the world cocoa economy, and in particular in the cocoa trade, through the collection, analysis and dissemination of relevant statistics and the undertaking of appropriate studies, as well as to promote the elimination of trade barriers;

(h)

To promote and to encourage consumption of chocolate and cocoa-based products in order to increase demand for cocoa, inter alia, through the promotion of the positive attributes of cocoa, including health benefits, in close cooperation with the private sector;

(i)

To encourage Members to promote cocoa quality and to develop appropriate food safety procedures in the cocoa sector;

(j)

To encourage Members to develop and implement strategies to enhance the capacity of local communities and small-scale farmers to benefit from cocoa production and thereby contribute to poverty alleviation;

(k)

To facilitate the availability of information on financial tools and services that can assist cocoa producers, including access to credit and approaches to managing risk.

CHAPTER II

DEFINITIONS

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Agreement:

1.

Cocoa means cocoa beans and cocoa products;

2.

Fine or flavour cocoa is cocoa recognised for its unique flavour and colour, and produced in countries designated in Annex C of this Agreement;

3.

Cocoa products means products made exclusively from cocoa beans, such as cocoa paste/liquor, cocoa butter, unsweetened cocoa powder, cocoa cake and cocoa nibs;

4.

Chocolate and chocolate products are products made from cocoa beans which comply with the Codex Alimentarius standard for chocolate and chocolate products;

5.

Stocks of cocoa beans mean all dry cocoa beans that can be identified as at the last day of the cocoa year (30 September), irrespective of location, ownership or intended use;

6.

Cocoa year means the period of 12 months from 1 October to 30 September inclusive;

7.

Organization means the International Cocoa Organization referred to in Article 3;

8.

Council means the International Cocoa Council referred to in Article 6;

9.

Contracting Party means a Government, the European Union or an intergovernmental organisation as provided for in Article 4, which has consented to be bound by this Agreement provisionally or definitively;

10.

Member means a Contracting Party as defined above;

11.

Importing country or importing Member means a country or a Member respectively whose imports of cocoa, expressed in terms of beans, exceed its exports;

12.

Exporting country or exporting Member means a country or a Member respectively whose exports of cocoa, expressed in terms of beans, exceed its imports. However, a cocoa-producing country whose imports of cocoa, expressed in bean equivalent terms, exceed its exports but whose production of cocoa beans exceeds its imports or whose production exceeds its apparent domestic cocoa consumption (1) may, if it so chooses, be an exporting Member;

13.

Export of cocoa means any cocoa which leaves the customs territory of any country and import of cocoa means any cocoa which enters the customs territory of any country, provided that, for the purposes of these definitions, customs territory shall, in the case of a Member which comprises more than one customs territory, be deemed to refer to the combined customs territories of that Member;

14.

A sustainable cocoa economy implies an integrated value chain in which all stakeholders develop and promote appropriate policies to achieve levels of production, processing and consumption that are economically viable, environmentally sound and socially responsible for the benefit of present and future generations, with the aim of improving productivity and profitability in the cocoa value chain for all stakeholders concerned, in particular for the smallholder producers;

15.

Private sector comprises all private entities which have main activities in the cocoa sector, including farmers, traders, processors, manufacturers and research institutes. In the framework of this Agreement, the private sector also comprises public enterprises, agencies and institutions which, in certain countries, fulfil roles that are performed by private entities in other countries;

16.

Indicator price is the representative indicator of the international price of cocoa used for the purposes of this Agreement and computed in accordance with the provisions of Article 33;

17.

Special Drawing Right (SDR) means the Special Drawing Right of the International Monetary Fund;

18.

Tonne means a mass of 1 000 kilograms or 2 204,6 pounds and pound means 453,597 grams;

19.

Simple distributed majority vote means a majority of votes cast by exporting Members and a majority of votes cast by importing Members, counted separately;

20.

Special vote means two thirds of the votes cast by exporting Members and two thirds of the votes cast by importing Members, counted separately, on condition that at least five exporting Members and a majority of importing Members are present;

21.

Entry into force means, except when qualified, the date on which this Agreement first enters into force, whether provisionally or definitively.

CHAPTER III

THE INTERNATIONAL COCOA ORGANIZATION (ICCO)

Article 3

Headquarters and structure of the International Cocoa Organization

1.   The International Cocoa Organization established by the International Cocoa Agreement, 1972, shall continue in being and shall administer the provisions and supervise the operation of this Agreement.

2.   The headquarters of the Organization shall always be located in the territory of a Member.

3.   The headquarters of the Organization shall be in London unless the Council decides otherwise.

4.   The Organization shall function through:

(a)

The International Cocoa Council, which is the highest authority of the Organization;

(b)

The subsidiary bodies of the Council, comprising the Administration and Finance Committee, the Economics Committee, the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy, and any other committees established by the Council; and

(c)

The Secretariat.

Article 4

Membership in the Organization

1.   Each Contracting Party shall be a Member of the Organization.

2.   There shall be two categories of Members of the Organization, namely:

(a)

Exporting Members; and

(b)

Importing Members.

3.   A Member may change its category on such conditions as the Council may establish.

4.   Two or more Contracting Parties may, by appropriate notification to the Council and to the Depositary, which will take effect on a date to be specified by the Contracting Parties concerned and on conditions agreed by the Council, declare that they are participating in the Organization as a Member group.

5.   Any reference in this Agreement to ‘a Government’ or ‘Governments’ shall be construed as including the European Union and any intergovernmental organisation having comparable responsibilities in respect of the negotiation, conclusion and implementation of international agreements, in particular commodity agreements. Accordingly, any reference in this Agreement to signature, ratification, acceptance or approval, or to notification of provisional application or to accession shall, in the case of such intergovernmental organisations, be construed as including a reference to signature, ratification, acceptance or approval, or to notification of provisional application, or to accession, by such intergovernmental organisations.

6.   In the case of voting on matters within their competence, such intergovernmental organisations shall vote with a number of votes equal to the total number of votes attributable to their member States in accordance with Article 10. In such cases, the member States of such intergovernmental organisations shall not exercise their individual voting rights.

Article 5

Privileges and immunities

1.   The Organization shall have legal personality. It shall in particular have the capacity to contract, acquire and dispose of movable and immovable property and to institute legal proceedings.

2.   The status, privileges and immunities of the Organization, its Executive Director, its staff, experts and representatives of Members, while in the territory of the host country for the purpose of exercising their functions, shall be governed by the Headquarters’ Agreement concluded between the host country and the International Cocoa Organization.

3.   The Headquarters’ Agreement referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be independent of this Agreement. It shall, however, terminate:

(a)

Pursuant to the provisions of the aforementioned Headquarters’ Agreement;

(b)

In the event of the headquarters of the Organization being moved from the territory of the host Government; or

(c)

In the event of the Organization ceasing to exist.

4.   The Organization may conclude with one or more other Members agreements to be approved by the Council relating to such privileges and immunities as may be necessary for the proper functioning of this Agreement.

CHAPTER IV

THE INTERNATIONAL COCOA COUNCIL

Article 6

Composition of the International Cocoa Council

1.   The International Cocoa Council shall consist of all the Members of the Organization.

2.   In the meetings of the Council, Members shall be represented by duly accredited delegates.

Article 7

Powers and functions of the Council

1.   The Council shall exercise all such powers and perform or arrange for the performance of all such functions as are necessary to carry out the express provisions of this Agreement.

2.   The Council shall not have the power, and shall not be taken to have been authorised by the Members, to incur any obligation outside the scope of this Agreement; in particular, it shall not have the capacity to borrow money. In exercising its capacity to contract, the Council shall incorporate in its contracts the terms of this provision and of Article 23 in such a way as to bring them to the notice of the other parties entering into contracts with the Council, but any failure to incorporate such terms shall not invalidate such a contract or render it ultra vires the Council.

3.   The Council shall adopt such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this Agreement and are consistent therewith, including its rules of procedure and those of its committees, and the financial and staff regulations of the Organization. The Council may, in its rules of procedure, provide for a procedure whereby it may, without meeting, decide specific questions.

4.   The Council shall keep such records as are required for the performance of its functions under this Agreement, and such other records as it considers appropriate.

5.   The Council may set up any working group(s) as appropriate to assist it in carrying out its task.

Article 8

Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the Council

1.   The Council shall elect a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman for each cocoa year, who shall not be paid by the Organization.

2.   Both the Chairman and the Vice-Chairman shall be elected from among the representatives of the exporting Members or from among the representatives of the importing Members. These offices shall alternate each cocoa year between the two categories.

3.   In the temporary absence of both the Chairman and the Vice-Chairman or the permanent absence of one or both of them, the Council may elect new officers from among the representatives of the exporting Members or from among the representatives of the importing Members, as appropriate, on a temporary or permanent basis as may be required.

4.   Neither the Chairman nor any other officer presiding at meetings of the Council shall vote. A member of his/her delegation may exercise the voting rights of the Member which he or she represents.

Article 9

Sessions of the Council

1.   As a general rule, the Council shall hold one regular session in each half of the cocoa year.

2.   The Council shall meet in special session whenever it so decides or at the request of:

(a)

Any five Members;

(b)

At least two Members having at least 200 votes;

(c)

The Executive Director, for the purposes of Articles 22 and 59.

3.   Notice of sessions shall be given at least 30 calendar days in advance, except in case of emergency, where notice shall be at least 15 days.

4.   Sessions shall normally be held at the headquarters of the Organization unless the Council decides otherwise. If, on the invitation of any Member, the Council decides to meet elsewhere than at the headquarters of the Organization, that Member shall pay the additional costs involved, as defined in the administrative rules of the Organization.

Article 10

Votes

1.   The exporting Members shall together hold 1 000 votes and the importing Members shall together hold 1 000 votes, distributed within each category of Members — that is, exporting and importing Members, respectively — in accordance with the following paragraphs of this Article.

2.   For each cocoa year, the votes of exporting Members shall be distributed as follows: each exporting Member shall have five basic votes. The remaining votes shall be divided among all the exporting Members in proportion to the average volume of their respective exports of cocoa in the preceding 3 cocoa years for which data have been published by the Organization in its latest issue of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics. For this purpose, exports shall be calculated as net exports of cocoa beans plus net exports of cocoa products, converted to beans equivalent using the conversion factors as specified in Article 34.

3.   For each cocoa year, the votes of importing Members shall be distributed among all importing Members in proportion to the average volume of their respective imports of cocoa in the preceding three cocoa years for which data have been published by the Organization in its latest issue of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics. For this purpose, imports shall be calculated as net imports of cocoa beans plus gross imports of cocoa products, converted to beans equivalent using the conversion factors as specified in Article 34. No Member country shall have less than five votes. Hence voting rights of Member countries with above the minimum number of votes shall be redistributed among Members with below the minimum number of votes.

4.   If, for any reason, difficulties should arise in the determination or the updating of the statistical basis for the calculation of votes in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article, the Council may decide on a different statistical basis for the calculation of votes.

5.   No Member except those mentioned in paragraphs 4 and 5 of Article 4 shall have more than 400 votes. Any votes above this figure arising from the calculations in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this Article shall be redistributed among the other Members on the basis of those paragraphs.

6.   When the membership in the Organization changes or when the voting rights of a Member are suspended or restored under any provision of this Agreement, the Council shall provide for the redistribution of votes in accordance with this Article. The European Union or any intergovernmental Organization as defined in Article 4 shall hold votes as a single Member according to the procedure set out in paragraphs 2 or 3 of this Article.

7.   There shall be no fractional votes.

Article 11

Voting procedure of the Council

1.   Each Member shall be entitled to cast the number of votes it holds and no Member shall be entitled to divide its votes. A Member may, however, cast differently from such votes any votes which it is authorised to cast under paragraph 2 of this Article.

2.   By written notification to the Chairman of the Council, any exporting Member may authorise any other exporting Member, and any importing Member may authorise any other importing Member, to represent its interests and to cast its votes at any meeting of the Council. In this case the limitation provided for in paragraph 5 of Article 10 shall not apply.

3.   A Member authorised by another Member to cast the votes held by the authorising Member under Article 10 shall cast such votes in accordance with the instructions of the authorising Member.

Article 12

Decisions of the Council

1.   The Council shall endeavour to take all decisions and to make all recommendations by consensus. If consensus cannot be reached, the Council shall take decisions and make recommendations by a special vote, according to the following procedures:

(a)

If the majority required by the special vote is not obtained because of the negative vote of more than three exporting or more than three importing Members, the proposal shall be considered as rejected;

(b)

If the majority required by the special vote is not obtained because of the negative vote of three or less exporting or three or less importing Members, the proposal shall be put to a vote again within 48 hours; and

(c)

If the majority required by the special vote is again not obtained, the proposal shall be considered as rejected.

2.   In arriving at the number of votes necessary for any of the decisions or recommendations of the Council, votes of Members abstaining shall not be taken into consideration.

3.   Members are committed to accept as binding all decisions of the Council under the provisions of this Agreement.

Article 13

Cooperation with other organisations

1.   The Council shall make whatever arrangements are appropriate for consultation or cooperation with the United Nations and its organs, in particular the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and with the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations and such other specialised agencies of the United Nations and intergovernmental organisations as may be appropriate.

2.   The Council, bearing in mind the particular role of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in international commodity trade, shall, as appropriate, keep that organisation informed of its activities and programmes of work.

3.   The Council may also make whatever arrangements are appropriate for maintaining effective contact with international organisations of cocoa producers, traders and manufacturers.

4.   The Council shall seek to involve the international financial agencies and other parties with an interest in the world cocoa economy in its work on cocoa production and consumption policy.

5.   The Council may seek to cooperate with other relevant experts in cocoa matters.

Article 14

Invitation and admission of observers

1.   The Council may invite any non-Member State to attend any of its meetings as an observer.

2.   The Council may also invite any of the organisations referred to in Article 13 to attend any of its meetings as an observer.

3.   The Council may also invite non-governmental organisations having relevant expertise in aspects of the cocoa sector, as observers.

4.   For each of its sessions, the Council shall decide on the attendance of observers, including, on an ad hoc basis, non-governmental organisations having relevant expertise in aspects of the cocoa sector, in conformity with the conditions set out in the administrative rules of the Organization.

Article 15

Quorum

1.   The quorum for the opening meeting of any session of the Council shall be constituted by the presence of at least five exporting Members and a majority of importing Members, provided that such Members together hold in each category at least two thirds of the total votes of the Members in that category.

2.   If there is no quorum in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article on the day appointed for the opening meeting of any session, on the second day, and throughout the remainder of the session, the quorum for the opening session shall be constituted by the presence of exporting and importing Members holding a simple majority of the votes in each category.

3.   The quorum for meetings subsequent to the opening meeting of any session pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article shall be that prescribed in paragraph 2 of this Article.

4.   Representation in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 11 shall be considered as presence.

CHAPTER V

THE SECRETARIAT OF THE ORGANIZATION

Article 16

The Executive Director and the staff of the Organization

1.   The Secretariat shall consist of the Executive Director and the staff.

2.   The Council shall appoint the Executive Director for a period of not more than the duration of the Agreement and its extensions, if any. The rules for selection of candidates and the terms of appointment of the Executive Director shall be fixed by the Council.

3.   The Executive Director shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization and shall be responsible to the Council for the administration and operation of this Agreement in accordance with the decisions of the Council.

4.   The staff of the Organization shall be responsible to the Executive Director.

5.   The Executive Director shall appoint the staff in accordance with regulations to be established by the Council. In drawing up such regulations, the Council shall have regard to those applying to officials of similar intergovernmental organisations. Staff appointments shall be made insofar as is practicable from exporting and importing Members.

6.   Neither the Executive Director nor the staff shall have any financial interest in the cocoa industry, the cocoa trade, cocoa transportation or cocoa publicity.

7.   In the performance of their duties, the Executive Director and the staff shall neither seek nor receive instructions from any Member or from any other authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization. Each Member undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Executive Director and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.

8.   No information concerning the operation or administration of this Agreement shall be revealed by the Executive Director or the staff of the Organization, except as may be authorised by the Council or as is necessary for the proper discharge of their duties under this Agreement.

Article 17

Work programme

1.   At the first session of the Council, after the entry into force of this agreement, the Executive Director shall submit a 5-year strategic plan for review and approval by the Council. One year before the expiry of the 5-year strategic plan, the Executive Director shall present a new draft of the 5-year strategic plan to the Council.

2.   At its last session of each cocoa year, and on the recommendation of the Economics Committee, the Council shall adopt a work programme for the Organization for the coming year prepared by the Executive Director. The work programme shall include projects, initiatives and activities to be undertaken by the Organization. The Executive Director shall implement the work programme.

3.   During its last meeting of each cocoa year, the Economics Committee shall evaluate the implementation of the work programme for the current year on the basis of a report by the Executive Director. The Economics Committee shall report its findings to the Council.

Article 18

Annual report

The Council shall publish an annual report.

CHAPTER VI

THE ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE COMMITTEE

Article 19

Establishment of the Administration and Finance Committee

1.   An Administration and Finance Committee is hereby established. The Committee shall:

(a)

Supervise, on the basis of a budget proposal presented by the Executive Director, the preparation of the draft administrative budget to be submitted to the Council;

(b)

Carry out any other administrative and financial tasks which the Council assigns to it, including the monitoring of income and expenditure and matters related to the administration of the Organization.

2.   The Administration and Finance Committee shall submit recommendations on the above matters to the Council.

3.   The Council shall establish rules and regulations of the Administration and Finance Committee.

Article 20

Composition of the Administration and Finance Committee

1.   The Administration and Finance Committee shall consist of six exporting Members on a rotational basis and six importing Members.

2.   Each Member of the Administration and Finance Committee shall appoint one representative and if it so desires, one or more alternates. Members in each category shall be elected by the Council, on the basis of the votes held in accordance with Article 10. Membership shall be for a 2-year period, and shall be renewable.

3.   The Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall be elected from among the representatives of the Administration and Finance Committee, for a period of 2 years. The posts of Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall alternate between exporting and importing Members.

Article 21

Meetings of the Administration and Finance Committee

1.   The meetings of the Administration and Finance Committee shall be open to all other Members of the Organization as observers.

2.   The Administration and Finance Committee shall normally meet at the headquarters of the Organization, unless it decides otherwise. If, on the invitation of any Member, the Administration and Finance Committee meets elsewhere than at the headquarters of the Organization, that Member shall pay the additional costs involved, as defined in the administrative rules of the Organization.

3.   The Administration and Finance Committee shall normally meet twice a year and report on its proceedings to the Council.

CHAPTER VII

FINANCE

Article 22

Finance

1.   There shall be kept an administrative account for the administration of this Agreement. The expenses necessary for the administration of this Agreement shall be brought into the administrative account and shall be met by annual contributions from Members assessed in accordance with Article 24. If, however, a Member requests special services, the Council may decide to accede to the request and shall require that Member to pay for them.

2.   The Council may establish separate accounts for specific purposes that it may establish in accordance with the objectives of the present Agreement. These accounts shall be financed through voluntary contributions from Members or other bodies.

3.   The financial year of the Organization shall be the same as the cocoa year.

4.   The expenses of delegations to the Council, to the Administration and Finance Committee, to the Economics Committee and to any of the Committees of the Council or of the Administration and Finance Committee and Economics Committee, shall be met by the Members concerned.

5.   If the financial position of the Organization is or appears likely to be insufficient to finance the remainder of the cocoa year, the Executive Director shall call a special session of the Council within 15 days unless the Council is otherwise scheduled to meet within 30 calendar days.

Article 23

Liabilities of Members

A Member’s liability to the Council and to other Members is limited to the extent of its obligations regarding contributions specifically provided for in this Agreement. Third parties dealing with the Council shall be deemed to have notice of the provisions of this Agreement regarding the powers of the Council and the obligations of the Members, in particular, paragraph 2 of Article 7 and the first sentence of this Article.

Article 24

Approval of the administrative budget and assessment of contributions

1.   During the second half of each financial year, the Council shall approve the administrative budget of the Organization for the following financial year, and shall assess the contribution of each Member to that budget.

2.   The contribution of each Member to the administrative budget for each financial year shall be in the proportion which the number of its votes at the time the administrative budget for that financial year is approved bears to the total votes of all the Members. For the purpose of assessing contributions, the votes of each Member shall be calculated without regard to the suspension of any Member’s voting rights and any redistribution of votes resulting there from.

3.   The initial contribution of any Member joining the Organization after the entry into force of this Agreement shall be assessed by the Council on the basis of the number of votes to be held by that Member and the period remaining in the current financial year, but the assessment made upon other Members for the current financial year shall not be altered.

4.   If this Agreement enters into force before the beginning of the first full financial year, the Council shall, at its first session, approve an administrative budget covering the period up to the commencement of the first full financial year.

Article 25

Payment of contributions to the administrative budget

1.   Contributions to the administrative budget for each financial year shall be payable in freely convertible currencies, shall be exempt from foreign exchange restrictions and shall become due on the first day of that financial year. Contributions of Members in respect of the financial year in which they join the Organization shall be due on the date on which they become Members.

2.   Contributions to the administrative budget approved under paragraph 4 of Article 24 shall be payable within 3 months of the date of assessment.

3.   If, at the end of 4 months after the beginning of the financial year or, in the case of a new Member, 3 months after the Council has assessed its contribution, a Member has not paid its full contribution to the administrative budget, the Executive Director shall request that Member to make payment as quickly as possible. If, at the expiration of 2 months after the request of the Executive Director, that Member has still not paid its contribution, the voting rights of that Member in the Council, the Administration and Finance Committee and the Economics Committee shall be suspended until such time as it has made full payment of the contribution.

4.   A Member whose voting rights have been suspended under paragraph 3 of this Article shall not be deprived of any of its other rights or relieved of any of its obligations under this Agreement unless the Council decides otherwise. It shall remain liable to pay its contribution and to meet any other financial obligations under this Agreement.

5.   The Council shall consider the question of membership of any Member with 2 years’ contributions unpaid, and may decide that this Member shall cease to enjoy the rights of membership and/or cease to be assessed for budgetary purposes. It shall remain liable to meet any other of its financial obligations under this Agreement. By payment of the arrears the Member will regain the rights of membership. Any payments made by Members in arrears will be credited first to those arrears, rather than to current contributions.

Article 26

Audit and publication of accounts

1.   As soon as possible, but not later than 6 months after the close of each financial year, the statement of the Organization’s accounts for that financial year and the balance sheet at the close of that financial year under the accounts referred to in Article 22 shall be audited. The audit shall be carried out by an independent auditor of recognised standing, to be elected by the Council for each financial year.

2.   The terms of appointment of the independent auditor of recognised standing, as well as the intentions and objectives of the audit, shall be laid down in the financial regulations of the Organization. The audited statement of the Organization’s accounts and the audited balance sheet shall be presented to the Council at its next regular session for approval.

3.   A summary of the audited accounts and balance sheet shall be published.

CHAPTER VIII

THE ECONOMICS COMMITTEE

Article 27

Establishment of the Economics Committee

1.   An Economics Committee is hereby established. The Economics Committee shall:

(a)

Review cocoa statistics and statistical analyses of cocoa production and consumption, stocks and grindings, international trade and cocoa prices;

(b)

Examine analyses of market trends and of other factors influencing such trends, with particular regard to cocoa supply and demand, including the effect of the use of cocoa butter substitutes on consumption and on the international cocoa trade;

(c)

Analyse information on market access for cocoa and cocoa products in producing and consuming countries including information on tariff and non-tariff barriers as well as the activities undertaken by Members with the view to promoting the elimination of trade barriers;

(d)

Examine and recommend to the Council projects for funding by the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) or other donor agencies;

(e)

Address issues regarding the economic dimension of sustainable development in the cocoa economy;

(f)

Review the draft annual work programme of the Organization in cooperation with the Administration and Finance Committee as appropriate;

(g)

Prepare international cocoa conferences and seminars, at the request of the Council; and

(h)

Deal with any other matters as approved by the Council.

2.   The Economics Committee shall submit recommendations on the above matters to the Council.

3.   The Council shall establish the rules and regulations of the Economics Committee.

Article 28

Composition of the Economics Committee

1.   The Economics Committee shall be open to all Members of the Organization.

2.   The Chairman and the Vice-Chairman of the Economics Committee shall be elected from among the Members for a period of 2 years. The posts of Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall alternate between exporting and importing Members.

Article 29

Meetings of the Economics Committee

1.   The Economics Committee shall normally meet at the headquarters of the Organization, unless it decides otherwise. If, on the invitation of any Member, the Economics Committee meets elsewhere than at the headquarters of the Organization, that Member shall pay the additional costs involved, as defined in the administrative rules of the Organization.

2.   The Economics Committee shall normally meet twice a year coinciding with the sessions of the Council. The Economics Committee shall report on its proceedings to the Council.

CHAPTER IX

MARKET TRANSPARENCY

Article 30

Information and market transparency

1.   The Organization shall act as a global information centre for the efficient collection, collation, exchange and dissemination of statistical information and studies on all matters relating to cocoa and cocoa products. To this effect, the Organization shall:

(a)

Maintain up-to-date statistical information on world production, grindings, consumption, exports, re-exports, imports, prices and stocks of cocoa and cocoa products;

(b)

Request, as appropriate, technical information on the cultivation, marketing, transportation, processing, utilisation and consumption of cocoa.

2.   The Council may request Members to provide the information related to cocoa which it deems necessary for its functioning, including information on government policies, taxation, national standards, regulations and legislation relating to cocoa.

3.   In order to promote market transparency, Members shall, insofar as possible, provide the Executive Director with the relevant statistics within a reasonable time and in as detailed and accurate a manner as is practicable.

4.   If a Member fails to supply, or finds difficulty in supplying, within a reasonable time, statistical information required by the Council for the proper functioning of the Organization, the Council may request the Member concerned to explain the reasons for non-compliance. If it is found that assistance is needed in the matter, the Council may offer the necessary measures of support to overcome existing difficulties.

5.   The Council shall publish at an appropriate date, but at least twice every cocoa year, projections on cocoa production and cocoa grindings. The Council may use relevant information from other sources in order to follow the evolution of the market as well as assess or evaluate the current and possible future cocoa production and consumption levels. However, the Council may not publish any information likely to disclose the operation of individuals or commercial entities that produce, process or distribute cocoa.

Article 31

Stocks

1.   In order to facilitate the assessment of world cocoa stocks with a view to ensuring greater market transparency, each Member shall provide, on a yearly basis, and not later than the end of May, the Executive Director with information on stocks of cocoa beans and cocoa products held in its country, in accordance with Article 30, paragraph 3.

2.   The Executive Director shall take the necessary steps to obtain the full cooperation of the private sector in this exercise, whilst fully respecting the issues of commercial confidentiality associated with this information.

3.   The Executive Director shall make an annual report to the Economics Committee on the information received on the levels of stocks of cocoa beans and cocoa products worldwide.

Article 32

Cocoa substitutes

1.   Members recognise that the use of substitutes may have negative effects on the expansion of cocoa consumption and the development of a sustainable cocoa economy. In this regard, Members shall take full account of the recommendations and decisions of competent international bodies, in particular the provisions of the Codex Alimentarius.

2.   The Executive Director shall make regular reports to the Economics Committee on the development of the situation. On the basis of these reports, the Economics Committee shall assess the situation and, if necessary, make recommendations to the Council for appropriate decisions.

Article 33

Indicator price

1.   For the purposes of this Agreement and, in particular, for monitoring the evolution of the cocoa market, the Executive Director shall compute and publish the ICCO indicator price for cocoa beans. This price shall be expressed in United States dollars per tonne as well as in Euro, Pounds Sterling and Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) per tonne.

2.   The ICCO indicator price shall be the average of the daily quotations for cocoa beans of the nearest three active futures trading months on the London market (NYSE Liffe) and on the New York market (ICE Futures US) at the time of the London close. The London prices shall be converted into United States dollars per tonne by using the current 6 months forward rate of exchange in London at closing time. The United States dollar-denominated average of the London and New York prices shall be converted into its Euro and Pound Sterling equivalents by using the spot rates of exchange in London at closing time and its SDR equivalent at the appropriate daily official United States dollar/SDR exchange rate published by the International Monetary Fund. The Council shall decide the method of calculation to be used when the quotations on only one of these two cocoa markets are available or when the London Foreign Exchange market is closed. The time for shift to the next 3-month period shall be the 15th of the month immediately preceding the nearest active maturing month.

3.   The Council may decide on any other method of computing the ICCO indicator price if it considers such other method to be more satisfactory than that prescribed in this Article.

Article 34

Conversion factors

1.   For the purpose of determining the beans equivalent of cocoa products, the following shall be the conversion factors: cocoa butter 1.33; cocoa cake and powder 1.18; cocoa paste/liquor and nibs 1.25. The Council may determine, if necessary, that other products containing cocoa are cocoa products. The conversion factors for cocoa products other than those for which conversion factors are set out in this paragraph shall be fixed by the Council.

2.   The Council may revise the conversion factors in paragraph 1 of this Article.

Article 35

Scientific research and development

The Council shall encourage and promote scientific research and development in the areas of cocoa production, transportation, processing, marketing and consumption as well as the dissemination and practical application of the results obtained in this field. To this end, the Organization may cooperate with international organisations, research institutions and the private sector.

CHAPTER X

MARKET DEVELOPMENT

Article 36

Market analyses

1.   The Economics Committee shall analyse trends and prospects for development in cocoa-producing and -consuming sectors, as well as the movement of stocks and prices, and shall identify any market imbalances at an early stage.

2.   At its first session after the start of a new cocoa year, the Economics Committee shall examine annual forecasts of world production and consumption for the next 5 cocoa years. The forecasts provided shall be reviewed and revised, if necessary, every year.

3.   The Economics Committee shall submit detailed reports to each regular session of the Council. On the basis of these reports, the Council will examine the general situation, and in particular will review trends in world supply and demand. The Council may make recommendations to its members on the basis of this review.

4.   On the basis of these forecasts, and in order to deal with the problems of market imbalances in the medium and long term, the exporting Members may undertake to coordinate their national production policies.

Article 37

Consumption promotion

1.   Members undertake to encourage the consumption of chocolate and the use of cocoa products, improve the quality of products and develop markets for cocoa, including in exporting Member countries. Each Member shall be responsible for the means and methods it employs for that purpose.

2.   All Members shall endeavour to remove or reduce substantially domestic obstacles to the expansion of cocoa consumption. In this regard, Members shall regularly provide the Executive Director with information on pertinent domestic regulations and measures and with other information concerning cocoa consumption, including domestic taxes and customs tariffs.

3.   The Economics Committee shall establish a programme for the promotion activities of the Organization which may comprise information campaigns, research, capacity-building and studies related to the production and consumption of cocoa. The Organization shall seek the collaboration of the private sector for the implementation of those activities.

4.   The promotion activities shall be included in the annual work programme of the Organization and may be financed by resources pledged by Members, non-Members, other organisations and the private sector.

Article 38

Studies, surveys and reports

1.   In order to assist Members, the Council shall encourage the preparation of studies, surveys, technical reports and other documents on the economics of cocoa production and distribution, including trends and projections, the impact of governmental measures in exporting and importing countries on the production and consumption of cocoa, the analysis of the cocoa value chain, approaches to managing financial and other risks, sustainability aspects of the cocoa sector, opportunities for expansion of cocoa consumption for traditional and possible new uses, links between cocoa and health and the effects of the operation of this Agreement on exporters and importers of cocoa, including their terms of trade.

2.   It may also promote studies likely to contribute to greater market transparency and facilitate the development of a balanced and sustainable world cocoa economy.

3.   In order to carry out the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, the Council, upon recommendations of the Economics Committee, may adopt the list of studies, surveys and reports to be included in the annual work programme in conformity with the provisions of Article 17 of this Agreement. These activities may be financed either from provisions within the administrative budget or from other sources.

CHAPTER XI

FINE OR FLAVOUR COCOA

Article 39

Fine or flavour cocoa

1.   The Council shall, at its first session following the entry into force of this Agreement, review Annex C of this Agreement and, if necessary, revise it determining the proportions in which the countries listed therein produce and export exclusively or partially fine or flavour cocoa. Thereafter, the Council may at any time during the lifetime of this Agreement review Annex C and, if necessary, revise it. The Council shall seek expert advice on this matter, as appropriate. In such cases, the composition of the Panel of Experts should, as far as possible, ensure a balance between experts from importing countries and experts from exporting countries. The Council shall decide on the composition of and on the procedures to be followed by the Panel of Experts.

2.   The Economics Committee may make proposals for the Organization to devise and implement a system of statistics on production of and trade in fine or flavour cocoa.

3.   Giving due consideration to the importance of fine or flavour cocoa, Members shall examine, and adopt as appropriate, projects relating to fine or flavour cocoa in accordance with the provisions of Articles 37 and 43.

CHAPTER XII

PROJECTS

Article 40

Projects

1.   Members may submit project proposals which contribute to the achievement of the objectives of this Agreement and the priority areas for work identified in the 5-year strategic plan referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 17.

2.   The Economics Committee shall examine project proposals and make recommendations to the Council, according to the mechanisms and procedures for submission, appraisal, approval, prioritisation and funding of projects, as established by the Council. The Council may, as appropriate, establish mechanisms and procedures for the implementation and monitoring of projects, as well as the wide dissemination of their results.

3.   At each meeting of the Economics Committee, the Executive Director shall report on the status of all projects approved by the Council, including those awaiting financing, under implementation or completed. A summary shall be presented to the Council pursuant to paragraph 2 of Article 27.

4.   As a general rule, the Organization shall act as supervisory body during project execution. The overhead costs incurred by the Organization for the preparation, management, supervision and evaluation of projects shall be included in the total costs of projects. These overhead costs shall not exceed 10 per cent of the total costs of any project.

Article 41

Relationship with the Common Fund for Commodities and other multilateral and bilateral donors

1.   The Organization shall take full advantage of the facilities of the Common Fund for Commodities in order to assist in the preparation and financing of projects of interest to the cocoa economy.

2.   The Organization shall endeavour to cooperate with other international organisations, as well as with multilateral and bilateral donor agencies, in order to obtain financing for programmes and projects of interest to the cocoa economy as appropriate.

3.   Under no circumstances shall the Organization undertake any financial obligations related to projects, either on its own behalf or in the name of Members. No Member of the Organization shall be responsible by reason of its membership of the Organization for any liability arising from borrowing or lending by any other Member or entity in connection with such projects.

CHAPTER XIII

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Article 42

Standard of living and working conditions

Members shall give consideration to improving the standard of living and working conditions of populations engaged in the cocoa sector, consistent with their stage of development, bearing in mind internationally recognised principles and applicable ILO standards. Furthermore, Members agree that labour standards shall not be used for protectionist trade purposes.

Article 43

Sustainable cocoa economy

1.   Members shall make all necessary efforts to accomplish a sustainable cocoa economy, taking into account the sustainable development principles and objectives contained, inter alia, in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and in Agenda 21 adopted in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, the United Nations Millennium Declaration adopted in New York in 2000, the Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg in 2002, the 2002 Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development, and the 2001 Ministerial Declaration on the Doha Development Agenda.

2.   The Organization shall, upon request, assist Members to fulfil their goals in the development of a sustainable cocoa economy in accordance with Article 1, paragraph (e) and Article 2, paragraph 14.

3.   The Organization shall serve as a focal point for a permanent dialogue amongst stakeholders as appropriate to foster the development of a sustainable cocoa economy.

4.   The Organization shall encourage cooperation between Members through activities which help to ensure a sustainable cocoa economy.

5.   The Council shall adopt and periodically review programmes and projects related to a sustainable cocoa economy and in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article.

6.   The Organization shall actively seek the assistance and support of multilateral and bilateral donors for the execution of programmes, projects and activities aimed at achieving a sustainable cocoa economy.

CHAPTER XIV

THE CONSULTATIVE BOARD ON THE WORLD COCOA ECONOMY

Article 44

Establishment of the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy

1.   A Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy (herein after called the Board) is hereby established to encourage the active participation of experts from the private sector in the work of the Organization and to promote a continuous dialogue among experts from the public and private sectors.

2.   The Board shall be an advisory body which advises the Council on issues of general and strategic interest to the cocoa sector, which include:

(a)

The long-term structural developments in supply and demand;

(b)

The ways and means of strengthening the position of cocoa farmers, with a view to improving their livelihoods;

(c)

Proposals to encourage the sustainable production, trade and use of cocoa;

(d)

The development of a sustainable cocoa economy;

(e)

The elaboration of the modalities and frameworks for promotion of consumption; and

(f)

Any other cocoa-related matters within the scope of the Agreement.

3.   The Board shall assist the Council in gathering information on production, consumption and stocks.

4.   The Board shall submit its recommendations on the above matters to the Council for consideration.

5.   The Board may set up ad hoc working groups to assist in fulfilling its mandate provided that their operating costs have no budgetary implications for the Organization.

6.   Upon its establishment, the Board shall draw up its own rules and recommend them for adoption by the Council.

Article 45

Composition of the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy

1.   The Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy shall be composed of experts from all sectors of the cocoa economy, such as:

(a)

Associations from the trade and industry;

(b)

National and regional cocoa producer organisations, from both the public and private sectors;

(c)

National cocoa exporters’ organisations and farmers’ associations;

(d)

Cocoa research institutes; and

(e)

Other private sector associations or institutions having an interest in the cocoa economy.

2.   These experts shall act in their personal capacity or on behalf of their respective associations.

3.   The Board shall be composed of eight experts from exporting countries and eight experts from importing countries as defined in paragraph 1 of this Article. These experts shall be appointed by the Council every 2 cocoa years. The members of the Board may designate one or more alternates and advisers to be approved by the Council. In the light of the experience of the Board, the Council may increase the number of members of the Board.

4.   The Chairman of the Board shall be chosen from among its members. The chairmanship shall alternate between exporting and importing countries every 2 cocoa years.

Article 46

Meetings of the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy

1.   The Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy shall normally meet at the headquarters of the Organization, unless the Council decides otherwise. If, on invitation of any Member, the Consultative Board meets elsewhere than at the headquarters of the Organization, that Member shall pay the additional costs involved, as defined in the administrative rules of the Organization.

2.   The Board shall normally meet twice a year alongside the regular sessions of the Council. The Board shall report regularly to the Council on its proceedings.

3.   The meetings of the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy shall be open to all Members of the Organization as observers.

4.   The Board may also invite eminent experts or personalities of high standing in a specific field, from the public and private sectors, including appropriate non-governmental organisations, having relevant expertise in aspects of the cocoa sector, to participate in its work and meetings.

CHAPTER XV

RELIEF FROM OBLIGATIONS AND DIFFERENTIAL AND REMEDIAL MEASURES

Article 47

Relief from obligations in exceptional circumstances

1.   The Council may relieve a Member of an obligation on account of exceptional or emergency circumstances, force majeure or international obligations under the Charter of the United Nations for territories administered under the trusteeship system.

2.   The Council, in granting relief to a Member under paragraph 1 of this Article, shall state explicitly the terms and conditions on which, and the period for which, the Member is relieved of the obligation and the reasons for which the relief is granted.

3.   Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Article, the Council shall not grant relief to a Member in respect of the obligation under Article 25 to pay contributions, or the consequences of a failure to pay them.

4.   The basis for the calculation of the distribution of votes of an exporting Member for which the Council has recognised a case of force majeure, shall be the effective volume of its exports for the year in which the force majeure occurred and subsequently for the ensuing 3 years following the force majeure.

Article 48

Differential and remedial measures

Developing importing Members, and least developed countries which are Members, whose interests are adversely affected by measures taken under this Agreement may apply to the Council for appropriate differential and remedial measures. The Council shall consider taking such appropriate measures in the light of the provisions of resolution 93 (IV) adopted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

CHAPTER XVI

CONSULTATIONS, DISPUTES AND COMPLAINTS

Article 49

Consultations

Each member shall accord full and due consideration to any representations made to it by another member concerning the interpretation or application of this Agreement and shall afford adequate opportunity for consultations. In the course of such consultations, on the request of either party and with the consent of the other, the Executive Director shall establish an appropriate conciliation procedure. The costs of such a procedure shall not be chargeable to the Organization. If such a procedure leads to a solution, this shall be reported to the Executive Director. If no solution is reached, the matter may, at the request of either party, be referred to the Council in accordance with Article 50.

Article 50

Disputes

1.   Any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Agreement which is not settled by the parties to the dispute shall, at the request of either party to the dispute, be referred to the Council for decision.

2.   When a dispute has been referred to the Council under paragraph 1 of this Article and has been discussed, Members holding not less than one third of the total votes, or any five Members, may require the Council, before giving its decision, to seek the opinion on the issues in dispute of an ad hoc advisory panel to be constituted as described in paragraph 3 of this Article.

3.

(a)

Unless the Council decides otherwise, the ad hoc advisory panel shall consist of:

(i)

Two persons, one having wide experience in matters of the kind in dispute and the other having legal standing and experience, nominated by the exporting Members;

(ii)

Two persons, one having wide experience in matters of the kind in dispute and the other having legal standing and experience, nominated by the importing Members; and

(iii)

A chairman selected unanimously by the four persons nominated under (i) and (ii) above or, if they fail to agree, by the Chairman of the Council.

(b)

Nationals of Members shall not be ineligible to serve on the ad hoc advisory panel.

(c)

Persons appointed to the ad hoc advisory panel shall act in their personal capacities and without instructions from any Government.

(d)

The costs of the ad hoc advisory panel shall be paid by the Organization.

4.   The opinion of the ad hoc advisory panel and the reasons therefore shall be submitted to the Council, which, after considering all the relevant information, shall decide the dispute.

Article 51

Complaints and action by the Council

1.   Any complaint that any Member has failed to fulfil its obligations under this Agreement shall, at the request of the Member making the complaint, be referred to the Council, which shall consider it and take a decision on the matter.

2.   Any finding by the Council that a Member is in breach of its obligations under this Agreement shall be made by a simple distributed majority vote and shall specify the nature of the breach.

3.   Whenever the Council, whether as a result of a complaint or otherwise, finds that a Member is in breach of its obligations under this Agreement, it may, without prejudice to such other measures as are specifically provided for in other Articles of this Agreement, including Article 60:

(a)

Suspend that Member’s voting rights in the Council; and

(b)

If it considers it necessary, suspend additional rights of such Member, including that of being eligible for, or of holding, office in the Council or in any of its committees, until it has fulfilled its obligations.

4.   A Member whose voting rights are suspended under paragraph 3 of this Article shall remain liable for its financial and other obligations under this Agreement.

CHAPTER XVII

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 52

Depositary

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is hereby designated as the Depositary of this Agreement.

Article 53

Signature

This Agreement shall be open for signature at United Nations Headquarters from 1 October 2010 until and including 30 September 2012 by parties to the International Cocoa Agreement, 2001, and Governments invited to the United Nations Cocoa Conference, 2010. The Council under the International Cocoa Agreement, 2001, or the Council under this Agreement may, however, extend once the period of signature of this Agreement. The Council shall immediately notify the Depositary of such extension.

Article 54

Ratification, acceptance, approval

1.   This Agreement shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by the signatory Governments in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Depositary.

2.   Each Contracting Party shall notify the Secretary-General whether it is an exporting Member or an importing Member at the time of deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval or as soon as possible thereafter.

Article 55

Accession

1.   This Agreement shall be open to accession by the Government of any State entitled to sign it.

2.   The Council shall determine under which of the Annexes to this Agreement the acceding State is to be deemed to be listed, if such State is not listed in any of these Annexes.

3.   Accession shall be effected by deposit of an instrument of accession with the Depositary.

Article 56

Notification of provisional application

1.   A signatory Government which intends to ratify, accept or approve this Agreement or a Government which intends to accede to the Agreement, but which has not yet been able to deposit its instrument, may at any time notify the Depositary that, in accordance with its constitutional procedures and/or its domestic laws and regulations, it will apply this Agreement provisionally either when it enters into force in accordance with Article 57 or, if it is already in force, at a specified date. Each Government giving such notification shall inform the Secretary-General whether it is an exporting Member or an importing Member at the time of giving such notification or as soon as possible thereafter.

2.   A Government which has notified under paragraph 1 of this Article that it will apply this Agreement either when it enters into force or at a specified date shall, from that time, is a provisional Member. It shall remain a provisional Member until the date of deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

Article 57

Entry into force

1.   This Agreement shall enter into force definitively on 1 October 2012, or any time thereafter, if by such date Governments representing at least five exporting countries accounting for at least 80 per cent of the total exports of countries listed in Annex A and Governments representing importing countries having at least 60 per cent of total imports as set out in Annex B have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Depositary. It shall also enter into force definitively once it has entered into force provisionally and these percentage requirements are satisfied by the deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

2.   This Agreement shall enter into force provisionally on 1 January 2011 if by such date Governments representing at least five exporting countries accounting for at least 80 per cent of the total exports of countries listed in Annex A and Governments representing importing countries having at least 60 per cent of total imports as set out in Annex B have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or have notified the Depositary that they will apply this Agreement provisionally when it enters into force. Such Governments shall be provisional Members.

3.   If the requirements for entry into force under paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 of this Article have not been met by 1 September 2011, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development shall, at the earliest time practicable, convene a meeting of those Governments which have deposited instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or have notified the Depositary that they will apply this Agreement provisionally. These Governments may decide whether to put this Agreement into force definitively or provisionally among themselves, in whole or in part, on such date as they may determine or to adopt any other arrangement as they may deem necessary.

4.   For a Government on whose behalf an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession or a notification of provisional application is deposited after the entry into force of this Agreement in accordance with paragraph 1, paragraph 2 or paragraph 3 of this Article, the instrument or notification shall take effect on the date of such deposit and, with regard to notification of provisional application, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 56.

Article 58

Reservations

Reservations may not be made with respect to any of the provisions of this Agreement.

Article 59

Withdrawal

1.   At any time after the entry into force of this Agreement, any Member may withdraw from this Agreement by giving written notice of withdrawal to the Depositary. The Member shall immediately inform the Council of the action it has taken.

2.   Withdrawal shall become effective 90 days after the notice is received by the Depositary. If, as a consequence of withdrawal, membership in this Agreement falls below the requirements provided for in paragraph 1 of Article 57 for its entry into force, the Council shall meet in special session to review the situation and to take appropriate decisions.

Article 60

Exclusion

If the Council finds, under paragraph 3 of Article 51, that any Member is in breach of its obligations under this Agreement and decides further that such breach significantly impairs the operation of this Agreement, it may exclude such Member from the Organization. The Council shall immediately notify the Depositary of any such exclusion. Ninety days after the date of the Council’s decision that Member shall cease to be a member of the Organization.

Article 61

Settlement of accounts with withdrawing or excluded Members

The Council shall determine any settlement of accounts with a withdrawing or excluded Member. The Organization shall retain any amounts already paid by a withdrawing or excluded Member, and such Member shall remain bound to pay any amounts due from it to the Organization at the time the withdrawal or the exclusion becomes effective, except that, in the case of a Contracting Party which is unable to accept an amendment and consequently ceases to participate in this Agreement under the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 63, the Council may determine any settlement of accounts which it finds equitable.

Article 62

Duration, extension and termination

1.   This Agreement shall remain in force until the end of the 10th full cocoa year after its entry into force, unless extended under paragraph 4 of this Article, or terminated earlier under paragraph 5 of this Article.

2.   The Council shall review the present Agreement 5 years after its entry into force and shall take decisions as appropriate.

3.   While this Agreement is in force, the Council may decide to renegotiate it with a view to having the renegotiated agreement enter into force at the end of the 10th cocoa year referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, or at the end of any period of extension decided upon by the Council under paragraph 4 of this Article.

4.   The Council may extend this Agreement in whole or in part for two periods not exceeding 2 cocoa years each. The Council shall notify the Depositary of any such extension.

5.   The Council may at any time decide to terminate this Agreement. Such termination shall take effect on such date as the Council shall decide, provided that the obligations of Members under Article 25 shall continue until the financial liabilities relating to the operation of this Agreement have been discharged. The Council shall notify the Depositary of any such decision.

6.   Notwithstanding the termination of this Agreement by any means whatsoever, the Council shall remain in being for as long as necessary to carry out the liquidation of the Organization, settlement of its accounts and disposal of its assets. The Council shall have during that period the necessary powers for the conclusion of all administrative and financial matters.

7.   Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 59, a Member which does not wish to participate in this Agreement as extended under this Article shall so inform the Depositary and the Council. Such Member shall cease to be a party to this Agreement from the beginning of the period of extension.

Article 63

Amendments

1.   The Council may recommend an amendment of this Agreement to the Contracting Parties. The amendment shall become effective 100 days after the Depositary has received notifications of acceptance from Contracting Parties representing at least 75 per cent of the exporting Members holding at least 85 per cent of the votes of the exporting Members, and from Contracting Parties representing at least 75 per cent of the importing Members holding at least 85 per cent of the votes of the importing Members, or on such later date as the Council may have determined. The Council may fix a time within which Contracting Parties shall notify the Depositary of their acceptance of the amendment, and, if the amendment has not become effective by such time, it shall be considered withdrawn.

2.   Any Member on behalf of which notification of acceptance of an amendment has not been made by the date on which such amendment becomes effective shall, as of that date, cease to participate in this Agreement, unless the Council decides to extend the period fixed for acceptance for such Member to enable it to complete its internal procedures. Such Member shall not be bound by the amendment before it has notified its acceptance thereof.

3.   Immediately upon adoption of a recommendation for an amendment the Council shall communicate to the Depositary copies of the text of the amendment. The Council shall provide the Depositary with the information necessary to determine whether the notifications of acceptance received are sufficient to make the amendment effective.

CHAPTER XVIII

SUPPLEMENTARY AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Article 64

Special Reserve Fund

1.   A Special Reserve Fund shall be maintained for the sole purpose of meeting the eventual liquidation expenses of the Organization. The Council shall decide how the interest earned on this Fund will be used.

2.   The Special Reserve Fund established by the Council under the International Cocoa Agreement, 1993, shall be transferred to this Agreement for the purpose set out under paragraph 1.

3.   A non-Member of the International Cocoa Agreements, 1993 and 2001, which becomes a Member of this Agreement shall be required to contribute to the Special Reserve Fund. The contribution of such Member shall be assessed by the Council on the basis of the number of votes to be held by the Member.

Article 65

Other supplementary and transitional provisions

1.   This Agreement shall be considered as a replacement of the International Cocoa Agreement, 2001.

2.   All acts by or on behalf of the Organization or any of its organs under the International Cocoa Agreement, 2001, which are in effect on the date of entry into force of this Agreement and the terms of which do not provide for expiry on that date shall remain in effect unless changed under the provisions of this Agreement.

DONE at Geneva on 25 June 2010, the texts of this Agreement in the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages being equally authentic.


(1)  Calculated as grindings of cocoa beans plus net imports of cocoa products and of chocolate and chocolate products in beans equivalent.

ANNEX A

Exports of cocoa (a) calculated for the purposes of Article 57 (Entry into force)

Country (b)

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Average 3-year period

2005/06-2007/08

(tonnes)

(Share)

Côte d’Ivoire

m

1 349 639

1 200 154

1 191 377

1 247 057

38,75 %

Ghana

m

648 687

702 784

673 403

674 958

20,98 %

Indonesia

 

592 960

520 479

465 863

526 434

16,36 %

Nigeria

m

207 215

207 075

232 715

215 668

6,70 %

Cameroon

m

169 214

162 770

178 844

170 276

5,29 %

Ecuador

m

108 678

110 308

115 264

111 417

3,46 %

Togo

m

73 064

77 764

110 952

87 260

2,71 %

Papua New Guinea

m

50 840

47 285

51 588

49 904

1,55 %

Dominican Republic

m

31 629

42 999

34 106

36 245

1,13 %

Guinea

 

18 880

17 620

17 070

17 857

0,55 %

Peru

 

15 414

11 931

11 178

12 841

0,40 %

Brazil

m

57 518

10 558

–32 512

11 855

0,37 %

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

m

11 488

12 540

4 688

9 572

0,30 %

Sierra Leone

 

4 736

8 910

14 838

9 495

0,30 %

Uganda

 

8 270

8 880

8 450

8 533

0,27 %

United Republic of Tanzania

 

6 930

4 370

3 210

4 837

0,15 %

Solomon Islands

 

4 378

4 075

4 426

4 293

0,13 %

Haiti

 

3 460

3 900

4 660

4 007

0,12 %

Madagascar

 

2 960

3 593

3 609

3 387

0,11 %

São Tomé & Príncipe

 

2 250

2 650

1 500

2 133

0,07 %

Liberia

 

650

1 640

3 930

2 073

0,06 %

Equatorial Guinea

 

1 870

2 260

1 990

2 040

0,06 %

Vanuatu

 

1 790

1 450

1 260

1 500

0,05 %

Nicaragua

 

892

750

1 128

923

0,03 %

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

 

900

870

930

900

0,03 %

Honduras

 

1 230

806

– 100

645

0,02 %

Congo

 

90

300

1 400

597

0,02 %

Panama

 

391

280

193

288

0,01 %

Viet Nam

 

240

70

460

257

0,01 %

Grenada

 

80

218

343

214

0,01 %

Gabon

m

160

99

160

140

Trinidad and Tobago

m

193

195

–15

124

Belize

 

60

30

20

37

Dominica

 

60

20

0

27

Fiji

 

20

10

10

13

Total (c)

3 376 836

3 169 643

3 106 938

3 217 806

100,00 %

(a)

Three-year average, 2005/06-2007/08 of net exports of cocoa beans plus net exports of cocoa products converted to beans equivalent using the following conversion factors: cocoa butter 1.33; cocoa powder and cake 1.18; cocoa paste/liquor 1.25.

(b)

List restricted to countries which individually exported cocoa in the 3-year period 2005/06 to 2007/08, based on information available to the ICCO Secretariat.

(c)

Totals may differ from the sum of constituents due to rounding.

m

Member of the International Cocoa Agreement, 2001 as at 9 November 2009.

nil, negligible or less than the unit employed.

Source: International Cocoa Organization, Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, Vol. XXXV, No 3, Cocoa year 2008/09.

ANNEX B

Imports of cocoa (a) calculated for the purpose of Article 57 (Entry into force)

Country (b)

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Average 3-year period

2005/06-2007/08

(tonnes)

(share)

European Union:

m

2 484 235

2 698 016

2 686 041

2 622 764

53,24 %

Austria

 

20 119

26 576

24 609

23 768

0,48 %

Belgium/Luxembourg

 

199 058

224 761

218 852

214 224

4,35 %

Bulgaria

 

12 770

14 968

12 474

13 404

0,27 %

Cyprus

 

282

257

277

272

0,01 %

Czech Republic

 

12 762

14 880

16 907

14 850

0,30 %

Denmark

 

15 232

15 493

17 033

15 919

0,32 %

Estonia

 

37 141

14 986

–1 880

16 749

0,34 %

Finland

 

10 954

10 609

11 311

10 958

0,22 %

France

 

388 153

421 822

379 239

396 405

8,05 %

Germany

 

487 696

558 357

548 279

531 444

10,79 %

Greece

 

16 451

17 012

17 014

16 826

0,34 %

Hungary

 

10 564

10 814

10 496

10 625

0,22 %

Ireland

 

22 172

19 383

17 218

19 591

0,40 %

Italy

 

126 949

142 128

156 277

141 785

2,88 %

Latvia

 

2 286

2 540

2 434

2 420

0,05 %

Lithuania

 

5 396

4 326

4 522

4 748

0,10 %

Malta

 

34

46

81

54

Netherlands

 

581 459

653 451

681 693

638 868

1,97 %

Poland

 

103 382

108 275

113 175

108 277

2,20 %

Portugal

 

3 643

4 179

3 926

3 916

0,08 %

Romania

 

11 791

13 337

12 494

12 541

0,25 %

Slovakia

 

15 282

16 200

13 592

15 025

0,30 %

Slovenia

 

1 802

2 353

2 185

2 113

0,04 %

Spain

 

150 239

153 367

172 619

158 742

3,22 %

Sweden

 

15 761

13 517

14 579

14 619

0,30 %

United Kingdom

 

232 857

234 379

23 635

234 624

4,76 %

United States

 

822 314

686 939

648 711

719 321

14,60 %

Malaysia (c)

m

290 623

327 825

341 462

319 970

6,49 %

Russia

m

163 637

176 700

197 720

179 352

3,64 %

Canada

 

159 783

135 164

136 967

143 971

2,92 %

Japan

 

112 823

145 512

88 403

115 579

2,35 %

Singapore

 

88 536

110 130

113 145

103 937

2,11 %

China

 

77 942

72 532

101 671

84 048

1,71 %

Switzerland

m

74 272

81 135

90 411

81 939

1,66 %

Turkey

 

73 112

84 262

87 921

81 765

1,66 %

Ukraine

 

63 408

74 344

86 741

74 831

1,52 %

Australia

 

52 950

55 133

52 202

53 428

1,08 %

Argentina

 

33 793

38 793

39 531

37 372

0,76 %

Thailand

 

26 737

31 246

29 432

29 138

0,59 %

Philippines

 

18 549

21 260

21 906

20 572

0,42 %

Mexico (c)

 

19 229

15 434

25 049

19 904

0,40 %

South Korea

 

17 079

24 454

15 972

19 168

0,39 %

South Africa

 

15 056

17 605

16 651

16 437

0,33 %

Iran

 

10 666

14 920

22 056

15 881

0,32 %

Colombia (c)

 

16 828

19 306

9 806

15 313

0,31 %

Chile

 

13 518

15 287

15 338

14 714

0,30 %

India

 

9 410

10 632

17 475

12 506

0,25 %

Israel

 

11 437

11 908

13 721

12 355

0,25 %

New Zealand

 

11 372

12 388

11 821

11 860

0,24 %

Serbia

 

10 864

11 640

12 505

11 670

0,24 %

Norway

 

10 694

11 512

12 238

11 481

0,23 %

Egypt

 

6 026

10 085

14 036

10 049

0,20 %

Algeria

 

9 062

7 475

12 631

9 723

0,20 %

Croatia

 

8 846

8 904

8 974

8 908

0,18 %

Syria

 

7 334

7 229

8 056

7 540

0,15 %

Tunisia

 

6 019

7 596

8 167

7 261

0,15 %

Kazakhstan

 

6 653

7 848

7 154

7 218

0,15 %

Saudi Arabia

 

6 680

6 259

6 772

6 570

0,13 %

Belarus

 

8 343

3 867

5 961

6 057

0,12 %

Morocco

 

4 407

4 699

5 071

4 726

0,10 %

Pakistan

 

2 123

2 974

2 501

2 533

0,05 %

Costa Rica

 

1 965

3 948

1 644

2 519

0,05 %

Uruguay

 

2 367

2 206

2 737

2 437

0,05 %

Lebanon

 

2 059

2 905

2 028

2 331

0,05 %

Guatemala

 

1 251

2 207

1 995

1 818

0,04 %

Bolivia (c)

 

1 282

1 624

1 927

1 611

0,03 %

Sri Lanka

 

1 472

1 648

1 706

1 609

0,03 %

El Salvador

 

1 248

1 357

1 422

1 342

0,03 %

Azerbaijan

 

569

2 068

1 376

1 338

0,03 %

Jordan

 

1 263

1 203

1 339

1 268

0,03 %

Kenya

 

1 073

1 254

1 385

1 237

0,03 %

Uzbekistan

 

684

1 228

1 605

1 172

0,02 %

Hong Kong, China

 

2 018

870

613

1 167

0,02 %

Moldova

 

700

1 043

1 298

1 014

0,02 %

Iceland

 

863

1 045

1 061

990

0,02 %

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the

 

628

961

1 065

885

0,02 %

Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

841

832

947

873

0,02 %

Cuba (c)

 

2 162

– 170

107

700

0,01 %

Kuwait

 

427

684

631

581

0,01 %

Senegal

 

248

685

767

567

0,01 %

Libya

 

224

814

248

429

0,01 %

Paraguay

 

128

214

248

197

Albania

 

170

217

196

194

Jamaica (c)

 

479

–67

89

167

Oman

 

176

118

118

137

Zambia

 

95

60

118

91

Zimbabwe

 

111

86

62

86

Saint Lucia (c)

 

26

20

25

24

Samoa

 

48

15

0

21

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

 

6

0

0

2

Total (d)

4 778 943

5 000 088

5 000 976

4 926 669

100,00 %

(a)

Three-year average, 2005/06-2007/08 of net imports of cocoa beans plus gross imports of cocoa products converted to beans equivalent using the following conversion factors: cocoa butter 1.33; cocoa powder and cake 1.18; cocoa paste/liquor 1.25.

(b)

List restricted to countries which individually imported cocoa in the 3-year period 2005/06 to 2007/08, based on information available to the ICCO Secretariat.

(c)

Country may also qualify as an exporting country.

(d)

Totals may differ from the sum of constituents due to rounding.

m

Member of the International Cocoa Agreement, 2001 as at 9 November 2009.

nil, negligible or less than the unit employed.

Source: International Cocoa Organization, Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, Vol. XXXV, No 3, Cocoa year 2008/09.

ANNEX C

Producing countries exporting exclusively or partially fine or flavour cocoa

 

Colombia

 

Costa Rica

 

Dominica

 

Dominican Republic

 

Ecuador

 

Grenada

 

Indonesia

 

Jamaica

 

Madagascar

 

Papua New Guinea

 

Peru

 

Saint Lucia

 

São Tomé & Príncipe

 

Trinidad and Tobago

 

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela


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