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Document 22020D1526

Decision No 1/2020 of the EPA Committee established by the stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement between Ghana, of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other, of 20 August 2020 on the adoption of Protocol No 1 concerning the definition of the concept of ‘originating products’ and methods of administrative cooperation [2020/1526]

PUB/2020/747

OJ L 350, 21.10.2020, p. 1–132 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2020/1526/oj

21.10.2020   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 350/1


DECISION No 1/2020 OF THE EPA COMMITTEE ESTABLISHED BY THE STEPPING STONE ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT BETWEEN GHANA, OF THE ONE PART, AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND ITS MEMBER STATES, OF THE OTHER,

of 20 August 2020

on the adoption of Protocol No 1 concerning the definition of the concept of ‘originating products’ and methods of administrative cooperation [2020/1526]

THE EPA COMMITTEE,

Having regard to the stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement between Ghana, of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part (‘the Agreement’), signed on 28 July 2016, and provisionally applied since 15 December 2016, and in particular Articles 14 and 82 thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

The Agreement applies, on the one hand, to the territories in which the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union applies and under the conditions laid down in that Treaty and, on the other hand, to the territory of Ghana.

(2)

In accordance with Article 14 of the Agreement, the Parties are to establish a common and reciprocal regime governing rules of origin, which is to be based on the rules of origin as defined by the Cotonou Agreement and providing for the improvement while taking into account the development objectives of Ghana. This regime is to be annexed to the Agreement by the EPA Committee.

(3)

The Parties have agreed on Protocol No 1 concerning the definition of the concept of ‘originating products’ and methods of administrative cooperation.

(4)

In accordance with Article 82 of the Agreement, the Protocols to the Agreement form an integral part thereof.

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The text of Protocol No 1 concerning the definition of the concept of ‘originating products’ and methods of administrative cooperation, in the Annex to this Decision is hereby adopted.

Article 2

This Decision shall enter force on the date of its signature.


ANNEX

Protocol No 1 concerning the definition of the concept of ‘originating products’ and the methods of administrative cooperation

INDEX

TITLE I:

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Articles

 

1.

Definitions

TITLE II:

DEFINITION OF THE CONCEPT OF “ORIGINATING PRODUCTS”

Articles

 

2.

General conditions

3.

Wholly obtained products

4.

Sufficiently worked or processed products

5.

Insufficient working or processing operations

6.

Working or processing of materials whose import into the European Union is free of duty

7.

Cumulation of origin

8.

Cumulation with other countries benefiting from duty‐free quota‐free access to the market of the European Union

9.

Unit of qualification

10.

Accessories, spare parts and tools

11.

Sets of assorted articles

12.

Neutral elements

13.

Accounting segregation

TITLE III:

TERRITORIAL REQUIREMENTS

Articles

 

14.

Principle of territoriality

15.

Non‐alteration

16.

Exhibitions

TITLE IV:

PROOF OF ORIGIN

Articles

 

17.

General conditions

18.

Procedure for the issue of a movement certificate EUR.1

19.

Movement certificates EUR.1 issued retrospectively

20.

Issue of a duplicate movement certificate EUR.1

21.

Conditions for making out an origin declaration

22.

Approved exporter

23.

Validity of proof of origin

24.

Submission of proof of origin

25.

Importation by instalments

26.

Exemptions from proof of origin

27.

Information procedure for cumulation purposes

28.

Supporting documents

29.

Preservation of proof of origin and supporting documents

30.

Discrepancies and formal errors

31.

Amounts expressed in euro

TITLE V:

ADMINISTRATIVE COOPERATION

Articles

 

32.

Administrative conditions for products to benefit from the Agreement

33.

Notification of customs authorities

34.

Other methods of administrative co‐operation

35.

Verification of proofs of origin

36.

Verification of suppliers’ declarations

37.

Dispute settlement

38.

Penalties

39.

Derogations

TITLE VI:

CEUTA AND MELILLA

Articles

 

40.

General conditions

41.

Special conditions

TITLE VII:

FINAL PROVISIONS

Articles

 

42.

Revision and application of rules of origin

43.

Annexes

44.

Implementation of the Protocol

45.

Transitional provision for goods in transit or storage

ANNEXES TO PROTOCOL No 1

 

ANNEX I to Protocol No 1:

Introductory notes to the list in Annex II to the Protocol

ANNEX II to Protocol No 1:

List of working or processing required to be carried out on non‐originating materials in order for the product manufactured to obtain originating status

ANNEX II‐A to Protocol No 1:

Derogations from the list of working or processing required to be carried out on non‐originating materials in order that the product manufactured can obtain originating status

ANNEX III to Protocol No 1:

Form for movement certificate for EUR.1 goods

ANNEX IV to Protocol No 1:

Origin declaration

ANNEX V‐A to Protocol No 1:

Supplier’s declaration for products having preferential origin status

ANNEX V‐B to Protocol No 1:

Supplier’s declaration for products not having preferential origin status

ANNEX VI to Protocol No 1:

Information certificate

ANNEX VII to Protocol No 1:

Form for application for a derogation

ANNEX VIII to Protocol No 1:

Overseas Countries and Territories

JOINT DECLARATION

concerning the Principality of Andorra

JOINT DECLARATION

concerning the Republic of San Marino

TITLE I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Definitions

For the purpose of this Protocol:

(a)

“manufacture” means any kind of working or processing including assembly or specific operations;

(b)

“material” means any ingredient, raw material, component or part, etc., used in the manufacture of the product;

(c)

“product” means the product being manufactured, even if it is intended for later use in another manufacturing operation;

(d)

“goods” means both materials and products;

(e)

“customs value” means the value as determined in accordance with the Agreement on implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of 1994 (WTO Agreement on customs valuation);

(f)

“ex‐works price” means the price paid for the product ex works to the manufacturer in the European Union or Ghana in whose undertaking the last working or processing is carried out, provided the price includes the value of all the materials used, minus any internal taxes paid which are, or may be, repaid when the product obtained is exported;

(g)

“value of materials” means the customs value at the time of importation of the non‐originating materials used, or, if this is not known and cannot be ascertained, the first ascertainable price paid for the materials in the European Union or Ghana;

(h)

“value of originating materials” means the value of such materials as defined in (g) applied mutatis mutandis;

(i)

“added value” means the ex‐works price minus the customs value of third country materials imported into the European Union, the ACP States which have at least provisionally applied an economic partnership agreement (EPA), or the Overseas Countries and Territories; if the customs value is not known or cannot be ascertained, the first ascertainable price paid for the materials in the European Union or Ghana is taken into account;

(j)

“chapters” and “headings” mean the chapters and the headings (four‐digit codes) used in the nomenclature which makes up the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, (hereinafter referred to as “the Harmonized System” or “HS”);

(k)

“classified” refers to the classification of a product or material under a particular heading;

(l)

“consignment” means products which are either sent simultaneously from one exporter to one consignee or covered by a single transport document covering their shipment from the exporter to the consignee or, in the absence of such a document, by a single invoice;

(m)

“territories” means territories, including territorial waters;

(n)

“OCTs” means the Overseas Countries and Territories as defined in Annex VIII to this Protocol;

(o)

“Committee”, the Special Committee on Customs and Trade Facilitation as referred to in Article 34 of this Agreement.

TITLE II

DEFINITION OF THE CONCEPT OF “ORIGINATING PRODUCTS”

Article 2

General conditions

1.   For the purposes of this Agreement the following products shall be considered as originating in the European Union:

(a)

products wholly obtained in the European Union within the meaning of Article 3 of this Protocol;

(b)

products obtained in the European Union incorporating materials which have not been wholly obtained there, provided that such materials have undergone sufficient working or processing in the European Union within the meaning of Article 4 of this Protocol.

2.   For the purposes of this Agreement the following products shall be considered as originating in Ghana:

(a)

products wholly obtained in Ghana within the meaning of Article 3 of this Protocol;

(b)

products obtained in Ghana incorporating materials which have not been wholly obtained there, provided that such materials have undergone sufficient working or processing in Ghana within the meaning of Article 4 of this Protocol.

Article 3

Wholly obtained products

1.   The following shall be considered as wholly obtained in Ghana or the European Union:

(a)

live animals born and raised there;

(b)

mineral products extracted from its soil or from its seabed or ocean floor;

(c)

vegetable products harvested there;

(d)

products from live animals raised there;

(e)

 

(i)

products obtained by hunting or fishing conducted there;

(ii)

products of aquaculture, including mariculture, where the animals are raised there from eggs, spawning, larvae or fry;

(f)

products of sea fishing and other products taken from the sea outside the territorial waters of the European Union or of Ghana by their vessels;

(g)

products made aboard their factory ships exclusively from products referred to in point (f);

(h)

used articles fit only for the recovery of raw materials;

(i)

waste and scrap resulting from manufacturing operations conducted there;

(j)

products extracted from marine soil or subsoil outside their territorial waters provided that they have sole rights to work that soil or subsoil;

(k)

goods produced exclusively from the products specified in points (a) to (j).

2.   The terms “their vessels” and “their factory ships” in points (f) and (g) of paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply only to vessels and factory ships:

(a)

which are registered or recorded in a Member State of the European Union or Ghana; and

(b)

which fly the flag of a Member State of the European Union or Ghana; and

(c)

which meet one of the following conditions:

(i)

they are at least 50 % owned by nationals of the Member States of the European Union and/ or of Ghana; or

(ii)

they are owned by companies:

which have their head office and their main place of business in a Member State of the European Union or Ghana, and

which are at least 50 % owned by one or more Member States of the European Union and/ or Ghana or by public entities or nationals of one or more of these States.

3.   Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article, upon request of Ghana, vessels chartered or leased by Ghana shall be treated as “their vessels” to undertake fisheries activities in its exclusive economic zone provided that an offer has been made beforehand to the economic operators of the European Union and that the implementing arrangements established beforehand by the Committee are adhered to. The Committee shall ensure that the conditions laid down in this paragraph are respected.

4.   The conditions referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article may be met in Ghana and the States that come under various economic partnership agreements with which cumulation is applicable. In these cases, the products shall be considered to originate from the Flag State.

Article 4

Sufficiently worked or processed products

1.   For the purposes of Article 2 of this Protocol, products which are not wholly obtained are considered to be sufficiently worked or processed when the conditions set out in the list in Annex II to this Protocol are fulfilled.

2.   For the purposes of Article 2 of this Protocol and notwithstanding paragraph 1 of this Article, the products which are listed in Annex II‐A to this Protocol can be considered to be sufficiently worked or processed when the conditions set out in that Annex are fulfilled. Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 42(2) of this Protocol, Annex II‐A to this Protocol shall apply only to exports from Ghana and for a period of five (5) years from the date when the Protocol enters into force.

3.   The conditions referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article indicate, for all products covered by this Agreement, the working or processing which must be carried out on non‐originating materials used in manufacturing and apply only in relation to such materials. It follows that if a product which has acquired originating status by fulfilling the conditions set out in one of the lists is used in the manufacture of another product, the conditions applicable to the product in which it is incorporated do not apply to it, and no account shall be taken of the non‐originating materials which may have been used in its manufacture.

4.   Notwithstanding paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, non‐originating materials which, in accordance with the conditions set out in Annex II and Annex II‐A to this Protocol should not be used in the manufacture of a given product may nevertheless be used, provided that:

(a)

their total value does not exceed 15 per cent of the ex‐works price of the product;

(b)

none of the percentages given in the list for the maximum value of non‐originating materials are exceeded through the application of this paragraph.

5.   The provisions of paragraph 4 of this Article shall not apply to products of Chapters 50 to 63 of the Harmonized System.

6.   Paragraphs 1 to 5 of this Article shall apply subject to the provisions of Article 5 of this Protocol.

Article 5

Insufficient working or processing operations

1.   The following operations shall be considered as insufficient working or processing to confer the status of originating products, whether or not the requirements of Article 4 of this Protocol are satisfied:

(a)

preserving operations to ensure that the products remain in good condition during transport and storage;

(b)

simple operations consisting of the removal of dust, sifting or screening, sorting, classifying, matching (including the making‐up of sets of articles), washing, cleaning, painting, polishing, cutting up;

(c)

removal of oxide, oil, paint or other coverings;

(d)

 

(i)

changes of packaging and breaking up and assembly of packages;

(ii)

simple placing in bottles, flasks, cans, bags, cases, boxes, fixing on cards or boards, etc., and all other simple packaging operations;

(e)

affixing marks, labels, logos and other like distinguishing signs on products or their packaging;

(f)

simple mixing of products, whether or not of different kinds; mixing of sugar with any material;

(g)

simple assembly of parts to constitute a complete product;

(h)

simple disassembly of products into parts;

(i)

ironing or pressing of textiles;

(j)

husking, partial or total bleaching, polishing, and glazing of cereals and rice;

(k)

operations to colour or flavour sugar or form sugar lumps; partial or total milling of crystal sugar;

(l)

peeling, stoning and shelling, of fruits, nuts and vegetables;

(m)

sharpening, simple grinding or simple cutting;

(n)

a combination of two or more operations specified in subparagraphs (a) to (m);

(o)

slaughter of animals.

2.   All operations carried out either in the European Union or in Ghana on a given product shall be considered together when determining whether the working or processing undergone by that product is to be regarded as insufficient within the meaning of paragraph 1 of this Article.

Article 6

Working or processing of materials whose import into the European Union is free of duty

1.   Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 2 of this Protocol, non‐originating materials which at importation into the European Union are free of customs duties by means of application of conventional rates of the most‐favoured nation (MFN) tariff in accordance with its Common Customs Tariff (1) shall be considered as materials originating in Ghana when incorporated into a product obtained there, provided that they have undergone working or processing there which goes beyond the operations referred to in Article 5(1) of this Protocol.

2.   Movement certificates EUR.1 (in Box 7) or origin declarations issued by application of paragraph 1 of this Article shall bear the following entry:

“Application of Article 6(1) of Protocol No 1 to the Ghana‐EU EPA”.

3.   The European Union shall notify yearly to the Committee the list of materials to which the provisions of this Article shall apply. Upon notification, the list shall be published by the European Commission in the Official Journal of the European Union (C series) and by Ghana in accordance with its own procedures.

4.   The cumulation provided for in this Article shall not apply to materials which at importation into the European Union are subject to antidumping or countervailing duties when originating from a country which is subject to these antidumping or countervailing duties.

Article 7

Cumulation of origin

1.   Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 2 of this Protocol, materials originating in one of the Parties, in another Western African country (2) enjoying a duty‐free and quota‐free access to the market of the European Union, in the other ACP States which have at least provisionally applied an EPA, or in the OCTs shall be considered as originating in the other Party when incorporated into a product obtained there, when the working or processing carried out in that Party goes beyond the operations referred to in Article 5(1) of this Protocol.

Where the working or processing carried out in the Party concerned does not go beyond the operations referred to in Article 5(1) of this Protocol, the product obtained shall be considered as originating in that Party only where the value added there is greater than the value of the materials used originating in any of the other countries or territories. If this is not so, the product obtained shall be considered as originating in the country or territory which accounts for the highest value of originating materials used in the manufacture of the final product.

The origin of materials originating in other ACP States which have at least provisionally applied an EPA and in the OCTs shall be determined in accordance with the rules of origin applicable under the European Union’s preferential arrangements with those countries, and in accordance with Article 27 of this Protocol.

2.   Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 2 of this Protocol, working and processing carried out in one of the Parties, in other ACP States which have at least provisionally applied an EPA or in the OCTs shall be considered as having been carried out in the other Party, when the materials undergo subsequent working or processing going beyond that referred to in Article 5(1) of this Protocol.

Where the working or processing carried out in one of the Parties does not go beyond the operations referred to in Article 5(1) of this Protocol, the product obtained shall be considered as originating in that Party only where the value added there is greater than the value of the materials used in any one of these countries or territories. If this is not so, the product obtained shall be considered as originating in the country or territory which accounts for the highest value of materials used in the manufacture of the final product.

The origin of the final product shall be determined according to the rules of origin of this Protocol and in accordance with Article 27 hereof.

3.   The cumulation provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article may be applied with respect to other ACP States which have at least provisionally applied an EPA, to another Western African country enjoying a duty‐free quota‐free access to the European Union and to the OCTs only if:

(a)

all the countries or territories involved in the acquisition of the originating status and the Party of destination have entered into an arrangement or agreement on administrative cooperation which ensures correct implementation of this Article and includes a reference to the use of appropriate proofs of origin;

(b)

Ghana and the European Union supply each other, through the European Commission and the Ministry of Trade and Industry of The Republic of Ghana, with the details of the administrative cooperation agreements with the other countries or territories referred to in this Article. The European Commission shall publish in the Official Journal of the European Union (C series) and Ghana shall publish according to its own procedures the date on which the cumulation provided for in this Article may be applied with those countries and territories listed in this Article which have fulfilled the necessary requirements.

4.   The cumulation provided for in this Article shall not apply to materials:

(a)

of Harmonized Systems Headings 16.04 and 16.05 originating in the EPA Pacific States by use of Article 6.6 of Protocol II of the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, on the one part, and the Pacific States, on the other part (3);

(b)

of Harmonized System Headings 16.04 and 16.05 originating in the Pacific States by use of any future provision of a comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement between the European Union and Pacific ACP States;

(c)

originating in the Republic of South Africa which may not be imported directly into the European Union duty‐free and quota‐free.

5.   The European Union shall notify yearly to the Committee the list of materials referred to by the provisions of paragraph 4(c) of this Article. Upon notification, this list shall be published by the European Commission in the Official Journal of the European Union (C series) and by Ghana in accordance with its own procedures.

Article 8

Cumulation with other countries benefiting from duty‐free quota‐free access to the market of the European Union

1.   Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 2 of this Protocol, materials originating in countries and territories:

(a)

benefiting from the “Special arrangement for least developed countries” of the Scheme of Generalised Tariff Preferences of the European Union; or

(b)

benefiting from duty‐free quota‐free access to the market of the European Union under the general provisions of the Scheme of Generalised Tariff Preferences;

shall be considered as materials originating in Ghana when incorporated into a product obtained there.

It shall not be necessary for these materials to have undergone sufficient working or processing, provided they have undergone working or processing going beyond that referred to in Article 5(1) of this Protocol. If the product into which these materials have been incorporated also includes non‐originating materials, it will have to undergo sufficient working or processing in accordance with Article 4 of this Protocol to be considered as originating in Ghana.

1.2.   The origin of the materials from the other countries or territories concerned shall be established in accordance with the rules of origin applicable under the Scheme of Generalised Tariff Preferences of the European Union and in accordance with the provisions of Article 27 of this Protocol.

1.3.   The cumulation provided for in this paragraph shall not apply to materials:

(a)

which at importation into the European Union are subject to antidumping or countervailing duties when originating from a country which is subject to these antidumping or countervailing duties;

(b)

which are included in tariff subheadings 3 302,10 and 3 501,10 of the Harmonized System;

(c)

which are included in tuna products classified under Harmonized System Chapter 3 which are covered by the Scheme of Generalised Tariff Preferences of the European Union;

(d)

in respect of which tariff preferences are removed (graduation) or suspended (safeguard clause) under the Scheme of Generalised Tariff Preferences of the European Union.

2.   On the basis of a notification from Ghana, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 2 of this Protocol and in compliance with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.2 and 5 of this Article, materials originating in countries or territories which are covered by agreements or arrangements that provide for duty‐free quota‐free access to the market of the European Union shall be considered to be materials originating in Ghana. Such notification shall be sent by Ghana to the European Union through the European Commission. Cumulation shall remain applicable as long as the conditions for granting such cumulation are met. It shall not be necessary for such materials to have undergone sufficient working or processing, provided they have undergone working or processing going beyond that referred to in Article 5(1) of this Protocol.

2.1.   The origin of the materials of the countries or territories concerned shall be determined in accordance with the rules of origin applicable in the framework of the European Union’s preferential agreements or arrangements with those countries and territories and in accordance with Article 27 of this Protocol.

2.2.   The cumulation provided for in this paragraph shall not apply to materials:

(a)

falling under Harmonized System Chapters 1 to 24 and the products listed in Annex 1 ‐ paragraph 1.(ii) of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture belonging to the GATT 1994;

(b)

which at importation into the European Union are subject to antidumping or countervailing duties when originating from a country which is subject to these antidumping or countervailing duties;

(c)

which, under a free trade agreement between the European Union and a third country, are subject to trade measures and safeguard measures or any other measure which prevents such products from entering the European Union market on a duty‐free and quota‐free basis.

3.   The European Union shall notify yearly to the Committee the list of materials and countries to which the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply. Upon notification, the list shall be published by the European Commission in the Official Journal of the European Union (C series) and by Ghana in accordance with their own procedures. Ghana shall notify yearly to the Committee the materials to which the cumulation provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article has been applied.

4.   Movement certificates EUR.1 (in Box 7) or origin declarations issued by application of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall bear the following entry:

 

“Application of Article 8.1 or 8.2 of Protocol No 1 to the Ghana‐EU EPA”.

5.   The cumulation provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article may be applied only provided that:

(a)

all the countries involved in the acquisition of the originating status have entered into an arrangement or agreement on administrative cooperation which ensures correct implementation of this Article and includes a reference to the use of appropriate proofs of origin;

(b)

Ghana provides the European Union, through the European Commission, with details of agreements on administrative cooperation with the other countries or territories referred to in this Article. The Commission shall publish in the Official Journal of the European Union (C series) the date on which the cumulation provided for in this Article may be applied with those countries or territories listed in this Article which have fulfilled the necessary requirements.

Article 9

Unit of qualification

1.   The unit of qualification for the application of the provisions of this Protocol shall be the particular product which is considered as the basic unit when determining classification using the nomenclature of the Harmonized System.

This means that:

(a)

when a product composed of a group or assembly of articles is classified under the terms of the Harmonized System in a single heading, the whole constitutes the unit of qualification;

(b)

when a consignment consists of a number of identical products classified under the same heading of the Harmonized System, each product must be taken individually when applying the provisions of this Protocol.

2.   Where, under General Rule 5 of the Harmonized System, packaging is included with the product for classification purposes, it shall be included for the purposes of determining origin.

Article 10

Accessories, spare parts and tools

Accessories, spare parts and tools dispatched with a piece of equipment, machine, apparatus or vehicle, which are part of the normal equipment and included in the price thereof or which are not separately invoiced, shall be regarded as one with the piece of equipment, machine, apparatus or vehicle in question.

Article 11

Sets of assorted articles

Sets, as defined in General Rule 3 of the Harmonized System, shall be regarded as originating when all component products are originating. Nevertheless, when a set is composed of originating and non‐originating products, the set as a whole shall be regarded as originating, provided that the value of the non‐originating products does not exceed 15 percent of the ex‐works price of the set.

Article 12

Neutral elements

In order to determine whether a product is an originating product, it shall not be necessary to determine the origin of the following which might be used in its manufacture:

(a)

energy and fuel;

(b)

plant and equipment;

(c)

machines and tools;

(d)

goods which neither enter into the final composition of the product nor are intended to do so.

Article 13

Accounting segregation

1.   Where considerable cost or material difficulties arise in keeping separate stocks of originating and non‐originating fungible materials, the customs authorities may, at the written request of those concerned, authorise the so‐called “accounting segregation” method (hereinafter referred to as “the method”) to be used for managing such stocks.

2.   The method shall also apply to originating and non‐originating raw sugar not containing added flavouring or colouring matter and intended for refining of subheadings 1 701,12, 1 701,13 and 1 701,14 of the Harmonized System, which is physically combined or mixed in Ghana or the European Union before being exported to the European Union and to Ghana respectively.

3.   The method shall ensure that, at any time, the number of products obtained which could be considered to originate in Ghana or the European Union is the same as would have been obtained if the stocks had been physically separated.

4.   The customs authorities may make the grant of authorisation referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article subject to any conditions deemed appropriate.

5.   The method shall be applied and the application thereof shall be recorded on the basis of the general accounting principles applicable in the country where the product was manufactured.

6.   The beneficiary of the method may issue or apply for proofs of origin, as the case may be, for the quantity of products which may be considered as originating. At the request of the customs authorities, the beneficiary shall provide a statement of how the quantities have been managed.

7.   The customs authorities shall monitor the use made of the authorisation and may withdraw it whenever the beneficiary makes improper use of the authorisation in any manner whatsoever or fails to fulfil any of the other conditions laid down in this Protocol.

8.   For the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, the terms “fungible materials” or “fungible products” shall mean materials or products which are of the same kind and commercial quality, with the same technical and physical characteristics, and which cannot be distinguished from one another in order to establish their origin.

TITLE III

TERRITORIAL REQUIREMENTS

Article 14

Principle of territoriality

1.   Except as provided for in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol, the conditions for acquiring originating status set out in Title II must be fulfilled without interruption in Ghana or in the European Union.

2.   Except as provided for in Articles 6, 7, and 8 of this Protocol, where originating goods exported from Ghana or from the European Union to another country return, they must be considered as non‐originating, unless it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the customs authorities that:

(a)

the returning goods are the same as those exported; and

(b)

they have not undergone any operation beyond that necessary to preserve them in good condition while in that country or while being exported.

3.   The acquisition of originating status in accordance with the conditions set out in Title II of this Protocol shall not be affected by working or processing done outside the European Union or Ghana on products exported from the European Union or from Ghana and subsequently reimported there, provided that:

(a)

the said products are wholly obtained in the European Union or in Ghana or have undergone working or processing there beyond the operations referred to in Article 5 of this Protocol prior to being exported; and

(b)

it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the customs authorities that:

(i)

the working or processing outside the European Union or Ghana was done under the outward processing arrangements, or similar arrangements;

(ii)

the reimported goods have been obtained by working or processing the exported products; and

(iii)

all costs arising outside Ghana or the European Union, including the value of the materials incorporated there, do not exceed 10 % of the ex‐works price of the end product for which originating status is claimed.

4.   For goods that meet the conditions laid down in paragraph 3 of this Article, all the costs arising outside Ghana or the European Union, including the value of the materials incorporated there, shall be considered to be non‐originating materials. In that case the originating status of the goods shall be determined by applying the rules laid down in Annex II to this Protocol, cumulating the total value of the non‐originating materials used both inside and outside the European Union or Ghana.

5.   Paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article shall not apply to products which can be considered sufficiently worked or processed only if the general tolerance fixed in Article 4(4) of this Protocol is applied.

6.   Paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article shall not apply to products of Chapters 50 to 63 of the Harmonized System.

Article 15

Non‐alteration

1.   The originating products declared for home use in a Party shall be the same products as exported from the other Party in which they obtained originating status. They shall not have been altered, transformed in any way or subjected to operations other than to preserve them in good condition or than adding or affixing marks, labels, seals or any other documentation to ensure compliance with specific domestic requirements of the importing Party, prior to being declared for home use.

2.   Storage of products may take place in a third Party provided that they remain under customs supervision in that third Party.

3.   Without prejudice to the provisions of Title IV the splitting of consignments may take place in the territory of a third Party where carried out by the exporter or under his responsibility provided they remain under customs supervision in that third‐Party.

4.   In case of doubt whether the conditions provided for in paragraphs 1 to 3 are complied with, the customs authorities may request the importer to provide evidence of compliance, which may be given by any means, including contractual transport documents such as bills of lading or factual or concrete evidence based on marking or numbering of packages or any evidence related to the products themselves.

Article 16

Exhibitions

1.   Originating products sent for exhibition in a country or territory other than those referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol with which cumulation is applicable and sold after the exhibition for importation into the European Union or Ghana shall benefit on importation from the provisions of this Agreement provided it is shown to the satisfaction of the customs authorities that:

(a)

an exporter has consigned these products from Ghana or from the European Union to the country in which the exhibition is held and has exhibited them there;

(b)

the products have been sold or otherwise disposed of by that exporter to a person in Ghana or in the European Union;

(c)

the products have been consigned during the exhibition or immediately thereafter in the state in which they were sent for exhibition; and

(d)

the products have not, since they were consigned for exhibition, been used for any purpose other than demonstration at the exhibition.

2.   A proof of origin shall be issued or made out in accordance with the provisions of Title IV of this Protocol and submitted to the customs authorities of the importing country in the normal manner. The name and address of the exhibition shall be indicated thereon. Where necessary, additional documentary evidence of the conditions under which they have been exhibited may be required.

3.   Paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply to any trade, industrial, agricultural or crafts exhibition, fair or similar public show or display which is not organised for private purposes in shops or business premises with a view to the sale of foreign products, and during which the products remain under customs control.

TITLE IV

PROOF OF ORIGIN

Article 17

General conditions

1.   Products originating in the European Union, when imported into Ghana, shall benefit from the provisions of the Agreement, upon presentation, in the cases referred to in Article 21(1), of a declaration, hereinafter referred to as “origin declaration”, given by the exporter on an invoice, delivery note or other commercial document which describes the products concerned in sufficient detail to enable them to be identified; the text of the origin declaration appears in Annex IV to this Protocol.

2.   Products originating in Ghana shall, on importation into the European Union benefit from the provisions of the Agreement upon submission of either:

(a)

a movement certificate EUR.1, a specimen of which appears in Annex III to this Protocol; or

(b)

in the cases specified in Article 21(1) of this Protocol, a declaration, subsequently referred to as the “origin declaration”, given by the exporter on an invoice, a delivery note or any other commercial document which describes the products concerned in sufficient detail to enable them to be identified; the text of the origin declaration appears in Annex IV to this Protocol.

3.   Without prejudice to point (c) of Article 42(3), provisions under paragraph 2(a) of this Article will be enforceable until three years after the entry into force of this Protocol. After that period, only the provisions under paragraph 2(b) of this Article shall apply.

4.   Notwithstanding paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, originating products within the meaning of this Protocol shall, in the cases specified in Article 26 hereof, benefit from the Agreement without it being necessary to submit any of the documents referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.

5.   For the purposes of applying the provisions of this title, exporters shall endeavour to use a language shared by Ghana and the European Union.

Article 18

Procedure for the issue of a movement certificate EUR.1

1.   A movement certificate EUR.1 shall be issued by the customs authorities of the exporting country on application having been made in writing by the exporter or, under the exporter’s responsibility, by his authorised representative.

2.   For this purpose, the exporter or his authorised representative shall fill out both the movement certificate EUR.1 and the application form, specimens of which appear in Annex III to this Protocol. These forms shall be completed in accordance with the provisions of this Protocol. If the forms are handwritten, they shall be completed in ink in printed characters. The description of the products must be given in the box reserved for this purpose without leaving any blank lines. Where the box is not completely filled, a horizontal line shall be drawn below the last line of the description, the empty space being crossed through.

3.   The exporter applying for the issue of a movement certificate EUR.1 shall be prepared to submit at any time, at the request of the customs authorities of the exporting country where the movement certificate EUR.1 is issued, all appropriate documents proving the originating status of the products concerned as well as the fulfilment of the other requirements of this Protocol.

4.   A movement certificate EUR.1 shall be issued by the customs authorities of Ghana if the products concerned can be considered as products originating in Ghana or one of the other countries or territories referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol and fulfil the other requirements of this Protocol.

5.   The issuing customs authorities shall take any steps necessary to verify the originating status of the products and the fulfilment of the other requirements of this Protocol. For this purpose, they shall have the right to call for any evidence and to carry out any inspection of the exporter’s accounts or any other check considered appropriate. The issuing customs authorities shall also ensure that the forms referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article are duly completed. In particular, they shall check whether the space reserved for the description of the products has been completed in such a manner as to exclude all possibility of fraudulent additions.

6.   The date of issue of the movement certificate EUR.1 shall be indicated in Box 11 of the certificate.

7.   A movement certificate EUR.1 shall be issued by the customs authorities and made available to the exporter as soon as actual exportation has been effected or ensured.

Article 19

Movement certificates EUR.1 issued retrospectively

1.   Notwithstanding Article 18(7) of this Protocol, a movement certificate EUR.1 may exceptionally be issued after exportation of the products to which it relates if:

(a)

it was not issued at the time of exportation because of errors or involuntary omissions or special circumstances; or

(b)

it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the customs authorities that a movement certificate EUR.1 was issued but was not accepted at importation for technical reasons.

2.   For the implementation of paragraph 1 of this Article, the exporter must indicate in his application the place and date of exportation of the products to which the movement certificate EUR.1 relates, and state the reasons for his request.

3.   The customs authorities may issue a movement certificate EUR.1 retrospectively only after verifying that the information supplied in the exporter’s application agrees with that in the corresponding file.

4.   Movement certificates EUR.1 issued retrospectively must be endorsed with the following phrase:

“ISSUED RETROSPECTIVELY”.

5.   The endorsement referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article shall be inserted in the “Remarks” box of the movement certificate EUR.1.

Article 20

Issue of a duplicate movement certificate EUR.1

1.   In the event of theft, loss or destruction of a movement certificate EUR.1, the exporter may apply to the customs authorities which issued it for a duplicate made out on the basis of the export documents in their possession.

2.   The duplicate issued in this way must be endorsed with the following:

“DUPLICATE”.

3.   The endorsement referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be inserted in the “Remarks” box of the duplicate movement certificate EUR.1.

4.   The duplicate, which must bear the date of issue of the original movement certificate EUR.1, shall take effect as from that date.

Article 21

Conditions for making out an origin declaration

1.   An origin declaration may be made out:

(a)

as referred to in Article 17(1) of this Protocol by a registered exporter in conformity with the internal legislation of the European Union;

(b)

in the cases referred to point (b) of Article 17(2):

(i)

up to three years after the entry into force of this Protocol, by an exporter as provided for in Article 22;

(ii)

three years after the entry into force of this Protocol, by a registered exporter in accordance with the internal legislation of Ghana;

(c)

by any exporter for any consignment consisting of one or more packages containing originating products whose total value does not exceed EUR 6 000.

2.   An origin declaration may be made out if the products concerned can be considered as products originating in Ghana, the European Union or in one of the other countries referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol and fulfil the other requirements of this Protocol.

3.   The exporter making out an origin declaration shall be prepared to submit at any time, at the request of the customs authorities of the exporting country, all appropriate documents proving the originating status of the products concerned as well as the fulfilment of the other requirements of this Protocol.

4.   An origin declaration shall be made out by the exporter by typing, stamping or printing on the invoice, the delivery note or another commercial document, the declaration, the text of which appears in Annex IV to this Protocol, using one of the linguistic versions set out in that Annex and in accordance with the provisions of the domestic law of the exporting country. If the declaration is handwritten, it shall be written in ink in printed characters.

5.   Origin declarations shall bear the original signature of the exporter in manuscript. However, origin declarations shall not be signed by a registered exporter within the meaning of paragraph 1 of this Article or by an approved exporter within the meaning of Article 22 of this Protocol provided that the approved exporter gives the customs authorities of the exporting country a written undertaking that he accepts full responsibility for any origin declaration which identifies him as if it had been signed in manuscript by him.

6.   An origin declaration may be made out by the exporter when the products to which it relates are exported, or after exportation on condition that it is presented in the importing country no longer than two (2) years after the importation of the products to which it relates.

Article 22

Approved exporter

1.   The customs authorities of the exporting country may authorise any exporter who makes frequent shipments of products under the trade cooperation provisions of the Agreement to make out origin declarations irrespective of the value of the products concerned. An exporter seeking such authorisation must offer to the satisfaction of the customs authorities all guarantees necessary to verify the originating status of the products as well as the fulfilment of the other requirements of this Protocol.

2.   The customs authorities may grant the status of approved exporter subject to any conditions which they consider appropriate.

3.   The customs authorities shall grant to the approved exporter a customs authorisation number which shall appear on the origin declaration.

4.   The customs authorities shall monitor the use of the authorisation by the approved exporter.

5.   The customs authorities may withdraw the authorisation at any time. They shall do so where the approved exporter no longer offers the guarantees referred to in paragraph 1, no longer fulfils the conditions referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article or otherwise makes an incorrect use of the authorisation.

Article 23

Validity of proof of origin

1.   A proof of origin shall be valid for ten (10) months from the date of issue in the exporting country, and must be submitted within that period to the customs authorities of the importing country.

2.   Proofs of origin which are submitted to the customs authorities of the importing country after the final date for presentation specified in paragraph 1 of this Article may be accepted for the purpose of applying preferential treatment, where the failure to submit these documents by the final date set is due to exceptional circumstances.

3.   In other cases of belated presentation, the customs authorities of the importing country may accept the proofs of origin where the products have been submitted before the said final date.

Article 24

Submission of proof of origin

Proofs of origin shall be submitted to the customs authorities of the importing country in accordance with the procedures applicable in that country. These authorities may require that a proof of origin be translated. They may also require the import declaration to be accompanied by a statement from the importer to the effect that the products meet the conditions required for the implementation of the Agreement.

Article 25

Importation by instalments

Where, at the request of the importer and on the conditions laid down by the customs authorities of the importing country, dismantled or non‐assembled products within the meaning of General Rule 2(a) of the Harmonized System falling under Sections XVI and XVII or headings 73.08 and 94.06 of the Harmonized System are imported by instalments, a single proof of origin for such products shall be submitted to the customs authorities upon importation of the first instalment.

Article 26

Exemptions from proof of origin

1.   Products sent as small packages from private persons to private persons or forming part of travellers’ personal luggage shall be admitted as originating products without requiring the submission of a proof of origin, provided that such products are not imported by way of trade and have been declared as meeting the requirements of this Protocol and where there is no doubt as to the veracity of such a declaration. In the case of products sent by post, this declaration can be made on customs declaration CN22/CN23 or on a sheet of paper annexed to that document.

2.   Imports which are occasional and consist solely of products for the personal use of the recipients or travellers or their families shall not be considered as imports by way of trade if it is evident from the nature and quantity of the products that no commercial purpose is in view.

3.   Furthermore, the total value of these products shall not exceed EUR 500 in the case of small packages, or EUR 1 200 in the case of products forming part of travellers’ personal luggage.

Article 27

Information procedure for cumulation purposes

1.   When Article 7(1) of this Protocol is applied, the evidence of originating status within the meaning of this Protocol, of the materials coming from Ghana, from the European Union, from another ACP State which has at least provisionally applied an EPA or an OCT shall be given by a movement certificate EUR.1 or an origin declaration or by the supplier’s declaration, a specimen of which appears in Annex V‐A to this Protocol, given by the exporter in Ghana or in the European Union from which the materials came.

2.   When Article 7(2) of this Protocol is applied, the evidence of working or processing of the materials in Ghana, in the European Union, or in another ACP State which has at least provisionally applied an EPA or in an OCT shall be given by the supplier’s declaration, a specimen of which appears in Annex V‐B to this Protocol, given by the exporter in Ghana or in the European Union from which the materials came.

3.   When Article 8(1) of this Protocol is applied, the documentary proofs of origin applicable shall be determined in accordance with the rules which apply to GSP countries (4).

4.   When Article 8(2) of this Protocol is applied, the documentary proofs of origin applicable shall be determined in accordance with the rules laid down in the relevant arrangements or agreements.

5.   A separate supplier’s declaration shall be issued by the supplier for each consignment of goods on the commercial invoice relating to that shipment or in an annex to that invoice, or on a delivery note or other commercial document relating to that shipment which describes the materials concerned in sufficient detail for them to be identified.

6.   The supplier’s declaration may be issued on a pre‐printed form.

7.   The supplier’s declarations shall bear the original signature of the supplier in manuscript. However, where the invoice and the supplier’s declaration are issued using electronic data‐processing methods, the supplier’s declaration need not be signed in manuscript provided the responsible official in the supplying company is identified to the satisfaction of the customs authorities in the State where the supplier’s declaration is issued. Those customs authorities may lay down conditions for the implementation of this paragraph.

8.   The supplier’s declarations shall be submitted to the customs authorities in the exporting country requested to issue the movement certificate EUR.1.

9.   The supplier issuing a declaration must be prepared to submit at any time, at the request of the customs authorities of the country where the declaration is issued, all appropriate documents proving that the information given on this declaration is correct.

10.   Supplier’s declarations and information certificates issued before the date of entry into force of this Protocol in accordance with Article 26 of Protocol 1 to the Cotonou Agreement shall remain valid.

Article 28

Supporting documents

The documents referred to in Articles 18(3) and 21(3) of this Protocol used for the purpose of proving that products covered by a movement certificate EUR.1 or an origin declaration can be considered as products originating in Ghana, the European Union or one of the other countries or territories referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol and fulfil the other requirements of this Protocol may consist, inter alia, of the following:

(a)

direct evidence of the processes carried out by the exporter or supplier to obtain the goods concerned, contained for example in his accounts or internal bookkeeping;

(b)

documents proving the originating status of materials used, issued or made out in Ghana, the European Union or one of the other countries or territories referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol where these documents are used in accordance with domestic law;

(c)

documents proving the working or processing of materials in Ghana, in the European Union or in one of the other countries or territories referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol, issued or made out in Ghana, in the European Union or in one of the other countries or territories referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol where those documents are used in accordance with national law;

(d)

movement certificates EUR.1 or origin declarations proving the originating status of materials used, issued or made out in Ghana, in the European Union or in one of the other countries or territories referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 and in accordance with this Protocol.

Article 29

Preservation of proof of origin and supporting documents

1.   The exporter applying for the issue of a movement certificate EUR.1 shall keep for at least three (3) years the documents referred to in Article 18(3).

2.   The exporter making out an origin declaration shall keep a copy of this origin declaration as well as the documents referred to in Article 21(3) for at least three (3) years.

3.   The supplier making out a supplier’s declaration shall keep for at least three (3) years copies of the declaration and of the invoice, delivery notes or other commercial documents to which this declaration is annexed as well as the documents referred to in Article 27(9).

4.   The customs authorities of the exporting country issuing a movement certificate EUR.1 shall keep for at least three (3) years the application form referred to in Article 18(2).

5.   The customs authorities of the importing country shall keep for at least three (3) years the movement certificates EUR.1 and the origin declarations submitted to them.

Article 30

Discrepancies and formal errors

1.   The discovery of slight discrepancies between the statements made in the proof of origin and those made in the documents submitted to the customs office for the purpose of carrying out the formalities for importing the products shall not ipso facto render the proof of origin null and void if it is duly established that this document does correspond to the products submitted.

2.   Obvious formal errors such as typing errors on a proof of origin should not cause that document to be rejected if those errors are not such as to create doubts concerning the correctness of the statements made in the document.

Article 31

Amounts expressed in euro

1.   For the application of the provisions of point (c) of Article 21(1) and Article 26(3) of this Protocol in cases where products are invoiced in a currency other than euro, amounts in the national currency of Ghana, the Member States of the European Union or of the other countries or territories referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol equivalent to the amounts expressed in euro shall be fixed annually by each of the countries concerned.

2.   A consignment shall benefit from the provisions of point (c) of Article 21(1) or Article 26(3) of this Protocol by reference to the currency in which the invoice is drawn up, according to the amount fixed by the country concerned.

3.   The amounts to be used in any given national currency shall be the equivalent in that currency of the amounts expressed in euro as at the first working day of October each year. These amounts shall be communicated to the European Commission by 15 October at the latest and shall apply from 1 January the following year. The European Commission shall notify all countries concerned of the relevant amounts.

4.   A country may round up or down the amount resulting from the conversion into its national currency of an amount expressed in euro. The rounded‐off amount may not differ from the amount resulting from the conversion by more than 5 per cent. A country may retain unchanged its national currency equivalent of an amount expressed in euro if, at the time of the annual adjustment provided for in paragraph 3 of this Article, the conversion of that amount, prior to any rounding‐off, results in an increase of less than 15 per cent in the national currency equivalent. The national currency equivalent may be retained unchanged if the conversion would result in a decrease in that equivalent value.

5.   The amounts expressed in euro shall be reviewed by the Committee at the request of the European Union or Ghana. When carrying out that review, the Committee shall consider the desirability of preserving the effects of the limits concerned in real terms. For this purpose, it may decide to modify the amounts expressed in euro.

TITLE V

ADMINISTRATIVE COOPERATION

Article 32

Administrative conditions for products to benefit from the Agreement

Products originating within the meaning of this Protocol in Ghana or the European Union shall benefit, at the time of the customs import declaration, from the preferences resulting from the Agreement only on condition that they were exported on or after the date on which the exporting country complies with the provisions laid down in Articles 33, 34 and 44 of this Protocol.

The parties shall make the notifications referred to in Article 33 of this Protocol.

Article 33

Notification of customs authorities

1.   Ghana and the Member States of the European Union shall provide each other, through the European Commission with the addresses of the customs authorities responsible for issuing and verifying the movement certificates EUR.1, origin declarations and supplier’s declarations and with specimen impressions of stamps used in their customs offices for the issue of these certificates.

Movement certificates EUR.1 and origin declarations or supplier’s declarations shall be accepted for the purpose of applying preferential treatment from the date this information is received by the European Commission.

2.   Ghana and the Member States of the European Union shall inform each other immediately whenever there are any changes to the information referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.

3.   The authorities referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall act under the authority of the government of the country concerned. The authorities in charge of control and verification shall be part of the governmental authorities of the country concerned.

Article 34

Other methods of administrative cooperation

1.   In order to ensure the proper application of this Protocol, the European Union, Ghana and the other countries referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol shall check, through the competent customs administrations, the authenticity of the movement certificates EUR.1, the origin declarations or the supplier’s declarations and the correctness of the information given in these documents. Moreover, Ghana and the Member States of the European Union shall:

(a)

provide each other with all necessary administrative cooperation in the event of a request for monitoring of the proper management and control of the Protocol in the country concerned, including visits on the spot;

(b)

check, in accordance with Article 35 of this Protocol, the originating status of the products and the compliance with the other conditions laid down in this Protocol.

2.   The authorities consulted shall furnish the relevant information concerning the conditions under which the product has been made, indicating especially the conditions in which the rules of origin have been respected in Ghana, the European Union and the other countries referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol.

Article 35

Verification of proofs of origin

1.   Subsequent verifications of proofs of origin shall be carried out based on risk analysis and at random or whenever the customs authorities of the importing country have reasonable doubts as to the authenticity of such documents, the originating status of the products concerned or the fulfilment of the other requirements of this Protocol.

2.   For the purposes of implementing the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, the customs authorities of the importing country shall return the movement certificate EUR.1 and the invoice, if it has been submitted, the origin declaration, or a copy of these documents, to the customs authorities of the exporting country giving, where appropriate, the reasons for the request for verification. Any documents and information obtained suggesting that the information given on the proof of origin is incorrect shall be forwarded in support of the request for verification.

3.   The verification shall be carried out by the customs authorities of the exporting country. For this purpose, they shall have the right to call for any evidence and to carry out any inspection of the exporter’s accounts or any other check considered appropriate.

4.   If the customs authorities of the importing country decide to suspend the granting of preferential treatment to the products concerned while awaiting the results of the verification, release of the products shall be offered to the importer subject to any precautionary measures judged necessary.

5.   The customs authorities requesting the verification shall be informed of the results of this verification as soon as possible. These results must indicate clearly whether the documents are authentic and whether the products concerned can be considered as products originating in Ghana, in the European Union or in one of the other countries referred to in Articles 6, 7 and 8 of this Protocol and fulfil the other requirements of this Protocol.

6.   If, in cases of reasonable doubt, there is no reply within 10 months of the date of the verification request or if the reply does not contain sufficient information to determine the authenticity of the document in question or the real origin of the products, the requesting customs authorities shall, except in exceptional circumstances, refuse entitlement to the preferences.

7.   The parties shall refer to Article 7 of the Protocol on mutual administrative assistance in customs matters for joint enquiries on proofs of origin.

Article 36

Verification of supplier’s declarations

1.   Verification of a supplier’s declarations shall be carried out based on risk analysis and at random or whenever the customs authorities of the country where such declarations have been taken into account to issue a movement certificate EUR.1 or to make out an origin declaration, have reasonable doubts as to the authenticity of the document or the correctness of the information given in this document.

2.   The customs authorities to which a supplier’s declaration is submitted may request the customs authorities of the State where the declaration was made out to issue an information certificate, a specimen of which appears in Annex VI to this Protocol. Alternatively, the certifying authorities to which a supplier’s declaration is submitted may request the exporter to produce an information certificate issued by the customs authorities of the State where the declaration was made.

A copy of the information certificate shall be preserved by the office which has issued it for at least three (3) years.

3.   The customs authorities requesting the verification shall be informed of the results of this verification as soon as possible. The results must indicate clearly whether the information given in the supplier’s declaration is correct and make it possible for them to determine whether and to what extent this supplier’s declaration could be taken into account for issuing a movement certificate EUR.1 or for making out an origin declaration.

4.   The verification shall be carried out by the customs authorities of the country where the supplier’s declaration was made out. For this purpose, they shall have the right to call for any evidence or to carry out any inspection of the supplier’s accounts or any other check which they consider appropriate in order to verify the correctness of any supplier’s declaration.

5.   Any movement certificate EUR.1 or origin declaration issued or made out on the basis of an incorrect supplier’s declaration shall be considered null and void.

Article 37

Dispute settlement

1.   Where disputes arise in relation to the verification procedures of Articles 36 and 37 of this Protocol which cannot be settled between the customs authorities requesting a verification and the customs authorities responsible for carrying out this verification or where they raise a question as to the interpretation of this Protocol, they shall be submitted to the Committee.

2.   In all cases, the settlement of disputes between the importer and the customs authorities of the importing country shall take place under the legislation of that country.

Article 38

Penalties

Penalties shall be imposed on any person who draws up, or causes to be drawn up, a document which contains incorrect information for the purpose of obtaining a preferential treatment for products.

Article 39

Derogations

1.   Derogations from this Protocol may be adopted by the Committee when they are justified by the development of existing industries or the creation of new industries in Ghana. To this end, either before or when Ghana submits the matter to the Committee, it shall notify the European Union of its request for a derogation together with the reasons for the request in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article. The European Union shall respond positively to all requests from Ghana which are duly justified in conformity with this Article and which cannot cause serious damage to an established industry in the European Union.

2.   In order to facilitate the examination by the Committee of requests for derogation, when making the request Ghana shall, by means of the form given in Annex VII to this Protocol, furnish in support of its request the fullest possible information covering in particular the following points:

(a)

description of the finished product;

(b)

nature and quantity of materials originating in a third country;

(c)

nature and quantity of materials originating in Ghana or the States or territories mentioned in Article 7 of this Protocol, or of materials that have been processed there;

(d)

manufacturing processes;

(e)

added value;

(f)

number of employees in the enterprise concerned;

(g)

anticipated volume of exports to the European Union;

(h)

other possible sources of supply for raw materials;

(i)

reasons for the duration requested in the light of efforts made to find new sources of supply;

(j)

other observations.

The same rules shall apply to any request for extension of derogation.

The Committee may modify the form.

3.   The examination of requests shall in particular take into account:

(a)

the level of development or the geographical situation of Ghana;

(b)

cases where the application of the existing rules of origin would significantly affect the ability of an existing industry in Ghana to continue its exports to the European Union, with particular reference to cases where this could lead to cessation of its activities;

(c)

specific cases where it can be clearly demonstrated that significant investment in an industry could be deterred by the rules of origin and where a derogation favouring the realisation of an investment programme would enable these rules to be satisfied by stages.

4.   In every case, an examination shall be made to ascertain whether the rules relating to cumulation of origin do not provide a solution to the problem.

5.   In the examination of requests, special account shall be taken, on a case by case basis, of the possibility of conferring originating status on products which include in their composition materials originating in neighbouring developing countries, least‐developed countries or developing countries with which Ghana has special relations, provided that administrative cooperation can be established.

6.   The Committee shall take steps necessary to ensure that a decision is reached as soon as possible and in any case not later than seventy‐five (75) working days after the request is received by the European Union Co‐chairman of the Committee. If the European Union does not inform Ghana of its position on the request within this period, the request shall be deemed to have been accepted.

7.

(a)

Derogations shall be valid for a period, generally of five (5) years, to be determined by the Committee.

(b)

The derogation decision may provide for renewals without a new decision of the Committee being necessary, provided that Ghana submits, three (3) months before the end of each period, proof that it is still unable to meet the conditions of this Protocol which have been derogated from.

If any objection is made to the extension, the Committee shall examine it as soon as possible and decide whether to prolong the derogation. The Committee shall proceed as provided for in paragraph 6. All necessary measures shall be taken to avoid interruptions in the application of the derogation.

(c)

In the periods referred to in subparagraphs (a) and (b), the Committee may review the terms for implementing the derogation should a significant change be found to have taken place in the substantive factors governing the decision to grant the derogation. On conclusion of its review the Committee may decide to amend the terms of its decision as regards the scope of derogation or any other condition previously laid down.

8.   Notwithstanding paragraphs 1 to 7 of this Article, a derogation concerning canned tuna and tuna loins of HS 16.04 shall only be granted on the first year of entry into force of the Protocol, within an annual quota non-renewable of 1 000 tonnes for canned tuna and of 200 tonnes for tuna loins.

TITLE VI

CEUTA AND MELILLA

Article 40

General conditions

1.   The term “European Union” used in this Protocol does not cover Ceuta and Melilla.

2.   Products originating in Ghana, when imported into Ceuta or Melilla, shall enjoy in all respects the same customs regime as that which is applied to products originating in the customs territory of the European Union under Protocol No 2 of the Act of Accession of the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic to the European Communities. Ghana shall grant to imports of products covered by this Agreement and originating in Ceuta and Melilla the same customs regime as that which is granted to products imported from and originating in the European Union.

3.   For the purpose of the application of paragraph 2 of this Article concerning products originating in Ceuta and Melilla, this Protocol shall apply mutatis mutandis subject to the special conditions set out in Article 41 of this Protocol.

Article 41

Special conditions

1.   Providing compliance with Article 15 of this Protocol, the following shall be considered as:

(1)

products originating in Ceuta and Melilla:

(a)

products wholly obtained in Ceuta and Melilla;

(b)

products obtained in Ceuta and Melilla in the manufacture of which products other than those referred to in (a) are used, provided that:

(i)

the said products have undergone sufficient working or processing within the meaning of Article 4 of this Protocol, or

(ii)

those products originate in Ghana or in the European Union, and they have been submitted to working or processing which goes beyond the operations referred to in Article 5 of this Protocol;

(2)

products originating Ghana:

(a)

products wholly obtained in Ghana;

(b)

products obtained in Ghana, in the manufacture of which products other than those referred to in (a) are used, provided that:

(i)

the said products have undergone sufficient working or processing within the meaning of Article 4 of this Protocol, or

(ii)

those products originate in Ceuta and Melilla or in the European Union, within the meaning of this Protocol, and they have been submitted to working or processing which goes beyond the operations referred to in Article 5 of this Protocol.

2.   Ceuta and Melilla shall be considered as a single territory.

3.   The exporter or his authorised representative shall enter “…” and “Ceuta and Melilla” in Box 2 of movement certificates EUR.1 or on origin declarations. In addition, in the case of products originating in Ceuta and Melilla, this shall be indicated in Box 4 of movement certificates EUR.1 or on origin declarations.

4.   The Spanish customs authorities shall be responsible for the application of this Protocol in Ceuta and Melilla.

TITLE VII

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 42

Revision and application of rules of origin

1.   In accordance with the provisions of Article 73 of this Agreement, the Joint Committee of the Ghana‐European Union EPA may, whenever requested by Ghana or the European Union, examine the application of the provisions of this Protocol, in particular those related to the implementation of the registered exporters system and their economic effects with a view to adapting or amending them, as necessary. The Joint Committee of the Ghana‐European Union EPA shall take account, among other factors, of the impact of technological developments on the rules of origin.

2.   Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, this Protocol and its annexes shall be reviewed and, if appropriate, revised within five (5) years of the date when the Protocol enters into force, in accordance with the obligations laid down in Article 6 of this Agreement. This review shall also concern Annex II‐A to this Protocol with a view to establishing whether it should be renewed.

3.   In accordance with Article 34 of this Agreement, the Committee shall monitor the implementation and management of the provisions of this Protocol and take decisions on the following matters, among others:

(a)

cumulation, under the conditions set out in Article 8 of this Protocol;

(b)

derogations from the provisions of this Protocol under the conditions set out in Article 39 hereof.

(c)

an extension of the three‐year period as referred to in point (b) of Article 21(1) based on evidence that Ghana is not ready to implement the legislation on registered exporters;

(d)

the threshold of EUR 6 000 as referred to in point (c) of Article 21(1).

Article 43

Annexes

The Annexes to this Protocol shall form an integral part thereof.

Article 44

Implementation of this Protocol

The European Union and Ghana shall each take the measures required to implement this Protocol, including:

(a)

the necessary national and regional arrangements required for the implementation and enforcement of the rules and procedures laid down in this Protocol, in particular the arrangements necessary for the application of the Articles on cumulation;

(b)

the creation of the administrative structures and systems required for proper management and verification of the origin of products.

Article 45

Transitional provision for goods in transit or storage

The provisions of the Agreement may be applied to goods which comply with the provisions of this Protocol and which on the date of entry into force of this Protocol are either in transit or are in the European Union or in Ghana in temporary storage in customs warehouses without payment of import duties and taxes, subject to the following:

(a)

for exports from Ghana to the European Union, subject to the submission to the customs authorities of the importing country, within ten (10) months of the said date, of a movement certificate EUR.1 issued retrospectively by the customs authorities of Ghana or an origin declaration in accordance with Articles 17(2)(b) and 21, together with the documents showing that the goods comply with Article 15 of this Protocol;

(b)

for exports from the European Union to Ghana, subject to the submission to the customs authorities of Ghana, within ten (10) months of the said date, of an origin declaration issued in accordance with Articles 17(1) and 21, together with the documents showing that the goods comply with Article 15 of this Protocol.

Annex I to Protocol No 1

Introductory notes to the list in Annex II to the Protocol

Note 1

The list in Annex II to this Protocol defines the conditions required for all products to be considered as sufficiently worked or processed within the meaning of Article 4 of this Protocol.

Note 2

1.

The first two columns in the list describe the product obtained. The first column gives the heading number or chapter number used in the Harmonized System and the second column gives the description of goods used in that system for that heading or chapter. For each entry in the first two columns, a rule is specified in column 3 or 4. Where, in some cases, the entry in the first column is preceded by an “ex”, this signifies that the rules in column 3 or 4 apply only to the part of that heading described in column 2.

2.

Where several heading numbers are grouped together in column 1 or a chapter number is given and the description of products in column 2 is therefore given in general terms, the adjacent rules in column 3 or 4 apply to all products which, under the Harmonized System, are classified in headings of the chapter or in any of the headings grouped together in column 1.

3.

Where there are different rules in the list applying to different products within a heading, each indent contains the description of that part of the heading covered by the adjacent rules in column 3 or 4.

4.

Where, for an entry in the first two columns, a rule is specified in both columns 3 and 4, the exporter may opt to apply either the rule set out in column 3 or that set out in column 4. If no origin rule is given in column 4, the rule set out in column 3 has to be applied.

Note 3

1.

The provisions of Article 4 of this Protocol concerning products having acquired originating status which are used in the manufacture of other products apply regardless of whether this status has been acquired inside the factory where these products are used or in another factory in the European Union or in Ghana.

Example:

An engine of heading 8407, for which the rule states that the value of the non‐originating materials which may be incorporated may not exceed 40 per cent of the ex‐works price, is made from “other alloy steel roughly shaped by forging” of heading ex 7224.

If this forging has been forged in the European Union from a non‐originating ingot, it has already acquired originating status by virtue of the rule for heading ex 7224 in the list. The forging can then count as originating in the value calculation for the engine, regardless of whether it was produced in the same factory or in another factory in the European Union. The value of the non‐originating ingot is thus not taken into account when adding up the value of the non‐originating materials used.

2.

The rule in the list represents the minimum amount of working or processing required, and the carrying out of more working or processing also confers originating status; conversely, the carrying out of less working or processing cannot confer originating status. Thus, if a rule provides that non‐originating material, at a certain level of manufacture, may be used, the use of such material at an earlier stage of manufacture is allowed, and the use of such material at a later stage is not.

3.

Without prejudice to Note 3.2 where a rule states that “materials of any heading” may be used, materials of the same heading as the product may also be used, subject, however, to any specific limitations which may also be contained in the rule. However, the expression “manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading …” means that only materials classified in the same heading as the product of a description other than that of the product as given in column 2 of the list may be used.

4.

When a rule in the list specifies that a product may be manufactured from more than one material, this means that one or more materials may be used. It does not require that all be used.

Example:

The rule for fabrics of headings 5208 to 5212 provides that natural fibres may be used and that chemical materials, among other materials, may also be used. This does not mean that both have to be used; it is possible to use one or the other, or both.

5.

Where a rule in the list specifies that a product must be manufactured from a particular material, the condition does not prevent the use of other materials which, because of their inherent nature, cannot satisfy the rule (see also Note 6.3 below in relation to textiles).

Example:

The rule for prepared foods of heading 1904, which specifically excludes the use of cereals and their derivatives, does not prevent the use of mineral salts, chemicals and other additives which are not produced from cereals.

However, this does not apply to products which, although they cannot be manufactured from the particular materials specified in the list, can be produced from a material of the same nature at an earlier stage of manufacture.

Example:

In the case of an article of apparel of ex Chapter 62 of the Harmonized System made from non‐woven materials, if the use of only non‐originating yarn is allowed for this class of article, it is not possible to start from non‐woven cloth – even if non‐woven cloths cannot normally be made from yarn. In such cases, the starting material would normally be at the stage before yarn – that is, the fibre stage.

6.

Where, in a rule in the list, two percentages are given for the maximum value of non‐originating materials that can be used, then these percentages may not be added together. In other words, the maximum value of all the non‐originating materials used may never exceed the higher of the percentages given. Furthermore, the individual percentages must not be exceeded, in relation to the particular materials to which they apply.

Note 4

1.

The term “natural fibres” is used in the list to refer to fibres other than artificial or synthetic fibres. It is restricted to the stages before spinning takes place, including waste, and, unless otherwise specified, includes fibres which have been carded, combed or otherwise processed, but not spun.

2.

The term “natural fibres” includes horsehair of heading 0511, silk of headings 5002 and 5003, as well as wool fibres and fine or coarse animal hair of headings 5101 to 5105, cotton fibres of headings 5201 to 5203, and other vegetable fibres of headings 5301 to 5305.

3.

The terms “textile pulp”, “chemical materials” and “paper‐making materials” are used in the list to describe the materials, not classified in Chapters 50 to 63 of the Harmonized System, which can be used to manufacture artificial, synthetic or paper fibres or yarns.

4.

The term “man‐made staple fibres” is used in the list to refer to synthetic or artificial filament tow, staple fibres or waste, of headings 5501 to 5507.

Note 5

1.

Where, for a given product in the list, reference is made to this Note, the conditions set out in column 3 shall not be applied to any basic textile materials used in the manufacture of this product and which, taken together, represent 10 per cent or less of the total weight of all the basic textile materials used (see also Notes 5.3 and 5.4 below).

2.

However, the tolerance mentioned in Note 5.1 may be applied only to mixed products which have been made from two or more basic textile materials.

The following are the basic textile materials:

silk,

wool,

coarse animal hair,

fine animal hair,

horsehair,

cotton,

paper‐making materials and paper,

flax,

true hemp,

jute and other textile bast fibres,

sisal and other textile fibres of the genus Agave,

coconut, abaca, ramie and other vegetable textile fibres,

synthetic man‐made filaments,

artificial man‐made filaments,

current‐conducting filaments,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polypropylene,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polyester,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polyamide,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polyacrylonitrile,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polyimide,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polytetrafluoroethylene,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polyphenylene sulphide,

synthetic man‐made staple fibres of polyvinyl chloride,

other synthetic man‐made staple fibres,

artificial man‐made staple fibres of viscose,

other artificial man‐made staple fibres,

yarn made of polyurethane segmented with flexible segments of polyether, whether or not gimped,

yarn made of polyurethane segmented with flexible segments of polyester, whether or not gimped,

products of heading 5605 (metallised yarn) incorporating strip consisting of a core of aluminium foil or of a core of plastic film whether or not coated with aluminium powder, of a width not exceeding 5 mm, sandwiched by means of a transparent or coloured adhesive between two layers of plastic film,

other products of heading 5605.

Example:

A yarn of heading 5205 made from cotton fibres of heading 5203 and synthetic staple fibres of heading 5506 is a mixed yarn. Therefore, non‐originating synthetic staple fibres that do not satisfy the origin rules (which require manufacture from chemical materials or textile pulp) may be used up to a weight of 10 per cent of the yarn.

Example:

A woollen fabric of heading 5112 made from woollen yarn of heading 5107 and synthetic yarn of staple fibres of heading 5509 is a mixed fabric. Therefore, synthetic yarn which does not satisfy the origin rules (which require manufacture from chemical materials or textile pulp), or woollen yarn which does not satisfy the origin rules (which require manufacture from natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning) or a combination of the two may be used, provided that their total weight does not exceed 10 per cent of the weight of the fabric.

Example:

Tufted textile fabric of heading 5802 made from cotton yarn of heading 5205 and cotton fabric of heading 5210 is only a mixed product if the cotton fabric is itself a mixed fabric made from yarns classified in two separate headings or if the cotton yarns used are themselves mixtures.

Example:

If the tufted textile fabric concerned had been made from cotton yarn of heading 5205 and synthetic fabric of heading 5407, then, obviously, the yarns used are two separate basic textile materials and the tufted textile fabric is, accordingly, a mixed product.

3.

In the case of products incorporating “yarn made of polyurethane segmented with flexible segments of polyether, whether or not gimped” this tolerance is 20 per cent in respect of the yarn.

4.

In the case of products incorporating a “strip consisting of a core of aluminium foil or of a core of plastic film whether or not coated with aluminium powder, of a width not exceeding 5 mm, sandwiched by means of an adhesive between two layers of plastic film”, this tolerance is 30 per cent in respect of this strip.

Note 6

1.

In the case of those textile products which are marked in the list by a footnote referring to this Introductory Note, textile trimmings and accessories which do not satisfy the rule set out in the list in column 3 for the made‐up products concerned may be used provided that their weight does not exceed 10 per cent of the total weight of all the textile materials incorporated.

Textile trimmings and accessories are those classified in Chapters 50 to 63 of the Harmonized System. Linings and interlinings are not to be regarded as trimmings or accessories.

2.

Any non‐textile trimmings and accessories or other materials used which contain textiles do not have to satisfy the conditions set out in column 3 even though they fall outside the scope of Note 3.5.

3.

In accordance with Note 3.5, any non‐originating non‐textile trimmings and accessories or other products which do not contain any textiles may, anyway, be used freely where they cannot be made from the materials listed in column 3.

For example (5), if a rule in the list says that for a particular textile item, such as a blouse, yarn must be used, this does not prevent the use of metal items, such as buttons, because they cannot be made from textile materials.

4.

Where a percentage rule applies, the value of trimmings and accessories must be taken into account when calculating the value of the non‐originating materials incorporated.

Note 7

1.

For the purposes of headings ex 2707, 2713 to 2715, ex 2901, ex 2902 and ex 3403, the “specific processes” are the following:

(a)

vacuum distillation;

(b)

redistillation by a very thorough fractionation process (6);

(c)

cracking;

(d)

reforming;

(e)

extraction by means of selective solvents;

(f)

the process comprising all the following operations: processing with concentrated sulphuric acid, oleum or sulphuric anhydride; neutralisation with alkaline agents; decolourisation and purification with naturally active earth, activated earth, activated charcoal or bauxite;

(g)

polymerisation;

(h)

alkylation;

(i)

isomerisation.

2.

For the purposes of headings 2710 to 2712, the “specific processes” are the following:

(a)

vacuum distillation;

(b)

redistillation by a very thorough fractionation process (7);

(c)

cracking;

(d)

reforming;

(e)

extraction by means of selective solvents;

(f)

the process comprising all the following operations: processing with concentrated sulphuric acid, oleum or sulphuric anhydride; neutralisation with alkaline agents; decolourisation and purification with naturally active earth, activated earth, activated charcoal or bauxite;

(g)

polymerisation;

(h)

alkylation;

(i)

isomerisation;

(j)

in respect of heavy oils of heading ex 2710 only, desulphurisation with hydrogen, resulting in a reduction of at least 85 per cent of the sulphur content of the products processed (ASTM D 1266‐59 T method);

(k)

in respect of products of heading 2710 only, deparaffining by a process other than filtering;

(l)

in respect of heavy oils of heading ex 2710 only, treatment with hydrogen, at a pressure of more than 20 bar and a temperature of more than 250 °C, with the use of a catalyst, other than to effect desulphurisation, when the hydrogen constitutes an active element in a chemical reaction. The further treatment with hydrogen of lubricating oils of heading ex 2710 (e.g. hydrofinishing or decolourisation), in order, more especially, to improve colour or stability shall not, however, be deemed to be a specific process;

(m)

in respect of fuel oils of heading ex 2710 only, atmospheric distillation, on condition that less than 30 per cent of these products distils, by volume, including losses, at 300 °C, by the ASTM D 86 method;

(n)

in respect of heavy oils other than gas oils and fuel oils of heading ex 2710 only, treatment by means of a high‐frequency electrical brush‐discharge.

3.

For the purposes of headings ex 2707, 2713 to 2715, ex 2901, ex 2902 and ex 3403, simple operations, such as cleaning, decanting, desalting, water separation, filtering, colouring, marking, obtaining a sulphur content as a result of mixing products with different sulphur contents, or any combination of these operations or like operations, do not confer origin.

Annex II to Protocol No 1

List of working or processing required to be carried out on non‐originating materials in order for the product manufactured to obtain originating status

The products included in the following list may not all be covered by the Agreement. It is, therefore, necessary to consult the other parts of the Agreement.

HS heading

Description of product

Working or processing carried out on non‐originating materials that confers originating status

(1)

(2)

(3) or (4)

Chapter 1

Live animals

All the animals of Chapter 1 used are wholly obtained

 

Chapter 2

Meat and edible meat offal

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapters 1 and 2 used are wholly obtained

 

ex Chapter 3

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 3 used are wholly obtained

 

0304

Fish fillets and other fish meat (whether or not minced), fresh, chilled or frozen

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 3 used does not exceed 15 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

0305

Fish, dried, salted or in brine; smoked fish, whether or not cooked before or during the smoking process; flours, meals and pellets of fish, fit for human consumption

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 3 used does not exceed 15 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

0306

Crustaceans, whether in shell or not, live, fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; crustaceans, whether in shell or not, smoked, whether or not cooked before or during the smoking process; crustaceans, in shell, cooked by steaming or by boiling in water, whether or not chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; flours, meals and pellets of crustaceans, fit for human consumption

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 3 used does not exceed 15 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

0307

Molluscs, whether in shell or not, live, fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; molluscs, whether in shell or not, smoked, whether or not cooked before or during the smoking process; flours, meals and pellets of molluscs, fit for human consumption

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 3 used does not exceed 15 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

0308

Aquatic invertebrates other than crustaceans and molluscs, live, fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; aquatic invertebrates other than crustaceans and molluscs, smoked, whether or not cooked before or during the smoking process; flours, meals and pellets of aquatic invertebrates other than crustaceans and molluscs, fit for human consumption

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 3 used does not exceed 15 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 4

Dairy produce; birds’ eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 4 used are wholly obtained

 

0403

Buttermilk, curdled milk and cream, yogurt, kephir and other fermented or acidified milk and cream, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured or containing added fruit, nuts or cocoa

Manufacture in which:

all the materials of Chapter 4 used are wholly obtained;

fruit juice (except that of pineapple, lime or grapefruit) of heading 2009 used is originating; and

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 5

Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 5 used are wholly obtained

 

ex 0502

Prepared pigs’, hogs’ or boars’ bristles and hair

Cleaning, disinfecting, sorting and straightening of bristles and hair

 

Chapter 6

Live trees and other plants, bulbs, roots and the like, cut flowers and ornamental foliage

Manufacture in which:

all the materials of Chapter 6 used are wholly obtained;

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Chapter 7

Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 7 used are wholly obtained

 

Chapter 8

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruits or melons

Manufacture in which:

all the fruit and nuts used are wholly obtained; and

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 9

Coffee, tea, maté and spices; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 9 used are wholly obtained

 

0901

Coffee, whether or not roasted or decaffeinated; coffee husks and skins; coffee substitutes containing coffee in any proportion

Manufacture from materials of any heading

 

0902

Tea, whether or not flavoured

Manufacture from materials of any heading

 

ex 0910

Mixtures of spices

Manufacture from materials of any heading

 

Chapter 10

Cereals

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 10 used are wholly obtained

 

ex Chapter 11

Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten; except for:

Manufacture in which all the cereals, edible vegetables, roots and tubers of heading 0714 or fruit used are wholly obtained

 

ex 1106

Flour, meal and powder of the dried, shelled leguminous vegetables of heading 0713

Drying and milling of leguminous vegetables of heading 0708

 

Chapter 12

Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruit; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 12 used are wholly obtained

 

1301

Lac; natural gums, resins, gum‐resins and oleoresins (for example, balsams)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of heading 1301 used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

1302

Vegetable saps and extracts; pectic substances, pectinates and pectates; agar‐agar and other mucilages and thickeners, whether or not modified, derived from vegetable products:

 

 

 

Mucilages and thickeners, whether or not modified, derived from vegetable products

Manufacture from non‐modified mucilages and thickeners

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Chapter 14

Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 14 used are wholly obtained

 

ex Chapter 15

Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

1501

Pig fat (including lard) and poultry fat, other than that of heading 0209 or 1503 :

 

 

 

Fats from bones or waste

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of heading 0203 , 0206 or 0207 or bones of heading 0506

 

 

Other

Manufacture from meat or edible offal of swine of heading 0203 or 0206 or of meat and edible offal of poultry of heading 0207

 

1502

Fats of bovine animals, sheep or goats, other than those of heading 1503 :

 

 

 

Fats from bones or waste

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of heading 0201 , 0202 , 0204 or 0206 or bones of heading 0506

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 2 used are wholly obtained

 

1504

Fats and oils and their fractions, of fish or marine mammals, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified:

 

 

 

Solid fractions

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 1504

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapters 2 and 3 used are wholly obtained

 

ex 1505

Refined lanolin

Manufacture from crude wool grease of heading 1505

 

1506

Other animal fats and oils and their fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified:

 

 

 

Solid fractions

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 1506

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 2 used are wholly obtained

 

1507 to 1515

Vegetable oils and their fractions:

 

 

 

Soya, ground nut, palm, copra, palm kernel, babassu, tung and oiticica oil, myrtle wax and Japan wax, fractions of jojoba oil and oils for technical or industrial uses other than the manufacture of foodstuffs for human consumption

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

 

Solid fractions, except for that of jojoba oil

Manufacture from other materials of headings 1507 to 1515

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which all the vegetable materials used are wholly obtained

 

1516

Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their fractions, partly or wholly hydrogenated, inter‐esterified, re‐esterified or elaidinised, whether or not refined, but not further prepared

Manufacture in which:

all the materials of Chapter 2 used are wholly obtained;

all the vegetable materials used are wholly obtained. However, materials of headings 1507 , 1508 , 1511 and 1513 may be used

 

1517

Margarine; edible mixtures or preparations of animal or vegetable fats or oils or of fractions of different fats or oils of this Chapter, other than edible fats or oils or their fractions of heading 1516

Manufacture in which:

all the materials of Chapters 2 and 4 used are wholly obtained;

all the vegetable materials used are wholly obtained. However, materials of headings 1507 , 1508 , 1511 and 1513 may be used

 

Chapter 16

Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates

Manufacture from animals of Chapter 1

 

1604 and 1605

Prepared or preserved fish; caviar and caviar substitutes prepared from fish eggs;

Crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates, prepared or preserved

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 3 used does not exceed 15 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 17

Sugars and sugar confectionery; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 1701

Cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose, in solid form, containing added flavouring or colouring matter

Manufacture in which the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

1702

Other sugars, including chemically pure lactose, maltose, glucose and fructose, in solid form; sugar syrups not containing added flavouring or colouring matter; artificial honey, whether or not mixed with natural honey; caramel:

 

 

 

Chemically pure maltose and fructose

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 1702

 

 

Other sugars in solid form, containing added flavouring or colouring matter

Manufacture in which the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which all the materials used are originating

 

ex 1703

Molasses resulting from the extraction or refining of sugar, containing added flavouring or colouring matter

Manufacture in which the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

1704

Sugar confectionery (including white chocolate), not containing cocoa

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Chapter 18

Cocoa and cocoa preparations

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

1901

Malt extract; food preparations of flour, groats, meal, starch or malt extract, not containing cocoa or containing less than 40 % by weight of cocoa calculated on a totally defatted basis, not elsewhere specified or included; food preparations of goods of headings 0401 to 0404 , not containing cocoa or containing less than 5 % by weight of cocoa calculated on a totally defatted basis, not elsewhere specified or included:

 

 

 

Malt extract

Manufacture from cereals of Chapter 10

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

1902

Pasta, whether or not cooked or stuffed (with meat or other substances) or otherwise prepared, such as spaghetti, macaroni, noodles, lasagne, gnocchi, ravioli, cannelloni; couscous, whether or not prepared:

 

 

 

containing 20 % or less by weight of meat, meat offal, fish, crustaceans or molluscs

Manufacture in which all the cereals and derivatives (except durum wheat and its derivatives) used are wholly obtained

 

 

containing more than 20 % by weight of meat, meat offal, fish, crustaceans or molluscs

Manufacture in which:

the cereals and derivatives (except durum wheat and its derivatives) used are wholly obtained; and

all the materials of Chapters 2 and 3 used are wholly obtained

 

1903

Tapioca and substitutes therefor prepared from starch, in the form of flakes, grains, pearls, siftings or in similar forms

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except potato starch of heading 1108

 

1904

Prepared foods obtained by the swelling or roasting of cereals or cereal products (for example, corn flakes); cereals (other than maize (corn)), in grain form, or in the form of flakes or other worked grains (except flour, groats and meal), pre‐cooked, or otherwise prepared, not elsewhere specified or included

Manufacture:

from materials of any heading, except those of heading 1806 ;

in which all the cereals and flour (except durum wheat and its derivates and Zea indurata maize) used are wholly obtained; and

in which the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

1905

Bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits and other bakers’ wares, whether or not containing cocoa; communion wafers, empty cachets of a kind suitable for pharmaceutical use, sealing wafers, rice paper and similar products

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of Chapter 11

 

ex Chapter 20

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants; except for:

Manufacture in which all the fruit, nuts and vegetables used are wholly obtained

 

ex 2001

Yams, sweet potatoes and similar edible parts of plants containing 5 % or more by weight of starch, prepared or preserved by vinegar or acetic acid

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 2004 and ex 2005

Potatoes in the form of flour, meal or flakes, prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

2006

Vegetables, fruit, nuts, fruit‐peel and other parts of plants, preserved by sugar (drained, glacé or crystallised)

Manufacture in which the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

2007

Jams, fruit jellies, marmalades, fruit or nut purée and fruit or nut pastes, obtained by cooking, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 2008

Nuts, not containing added sugar or spirit

Manufacture in which the value of the originating nuts and oil seeds of headings 0801 , 0802 and 1202 to 1207 used exceeds 60 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Peanut butter; mixtures based on cereals; palm hearts; maize

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

 

Other, except for fruit and nuts cooked otherwise than by steaming or boiling in water, not containing added sugar, frozen

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

2009

Fruit juices (including grape must) and vegetable juices, unfermented and not containing added spirits, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 21

Miscellaneous edible preparations; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

2101

Extracts, essences and concentrates of coffee, tea or maté and preparations with a basis of these products or with a basis of coffee, tea or maté; roasted chicory and other roasted coffee substitutes, and extracts, essences and concentrates thereof

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

all the chicory used is wholly obtained

 

2103

Sauces and preparations therefor; mixed condiments and mixed seasonings; mustard flour and meal and prepared mustard:

 

 

 

Sauces and preparations therefor; mixed condiments and mixed seasonings

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, mustard flour or meal or prepared mustard may be used

 

 

Mustard flour and meal and prepared mustard

Manufacture from materials of any heading

 

ex 2104

Soups and broths and preparations therefor

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except prepared or preserved vegetables of headings 2002 to 2005

 

2106

Food preparations not elsewhere specified or included

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 22

Beverages, spirits and vinegar; except for:

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

all the grapes or any materials derived from grapes used are wholly obtained

 

2202

Waters, including mineral waters and aerated waters, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured, and other non‐alcoholic beverages, not including fruit or vegetable juices of heading 2009

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of any materials of Chapter 17 used does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product;

all the fruit juice used (except that of pineapple, lime or grapefruit) is originating

 

2207

Undenatured ethyl alcohol of an alcoholic strength by volume of 80 % vol or higher; ethyl alcohol and other spirits, denatured, of any strength

Manufacture:

from materials not classified in headings 2207 or 2208 ; and

in which all the grapes or materials derived from grapes used are wholly obtained or, if all the other materials used are already originating, arrack may be used up to a limit of 5 % by volume

 

2208

Undenatured ethyl alcohol of an alcoholic strength by volume of less than 80 % vol; spirits, liqueurs and other spirituous beverages

Manufacture:

from materials not classified in headings 2207 or 2208 ; and

in which all the grapes or materials derived from grapes used are wholly obtained or, if all the other materials used are already originating, arrack may be used up to a limit of 5 % by volume

 

ex Chapter 23

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal fodder; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 2301

Whale meal; flours, meals and pellets of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates, unfit for human consumption

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapters 2 and 3 used are wholly obtained

 

ex 2303

Residues from the manufacture of starch from maize (excluding concentrated steeping liquors), of a protein content, calculated on the dry product, exceeding 40 % by weight

Manufacture in which all the maize used is wholly obtained

 

ex 2306

Oil cake and other solid residues resulting from the extraction of olive oil, containing more than 3 % of olive oil

Manufacture in which all the olives used are wholly obtained

 

2309

Preparations of a kind used in animal feeding

Manufacture in which:

all the cereals, sugar or molasses, meat or milk used are already originating; and

all the materials of Chapter 3 used are wholly obtained

 

ex Chapter 24

Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials of Chapter 24 used are wholly obtained

 

2402

Cigarettes of tobacco

Manufacture in which at least 10 % by weight of the unmanufactured tobacco or tobacco refuse of heading 2401 used is already originating

 

ex 2403

Smoking tobacco

Manufacture in which at least 10 % by weight of the unmanufactured tobacco or tobacco refuse of heading 2401 used is already originating

 

ex Chapter 25

Salt; sulphur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 2504

Natural crystalline graphite, with enriched carbon content, purified and ground

Enriching of the carbon content, purifying and grinding of crude crystalline graphite

 

ex 2515

Marble, merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape, of a thickness not exceeding 25 cm

Cutting, by sawing or otherwise, of marble (even if already sawn) of a thickness exceeding 25 cm

 

ex 2516

Granite, porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or building stone, merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape, of a thickness not exceeding 25 cm

Cutting, by sawing or otherwise, of stone (even if already sawn) of a thickness exceeding 25 cm

 

ex 2518

Calcined dolomite

Calcination of dolomite not calcined

 

ex 2519

Crushed natural magnesium carbonate (magnesite), in hermetically sealed containers, and magnesium oxide, whether or not pure, other than fused magnesia or dead‐burned (sintered) magnesia

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, natural magnesium carbonate (magnesite) may be used

 

ex 2520

Plasters specially prepared for dentistry

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 2524

Asbestos fibres

Manufacture from asbestos concentrate

 

ex 2525

Mica powder

Grinding of mica or mica waste

 

ex 2530

Earth colours, calcined or powdered

Calcination or grinding of earth colours

 

Chapter 26

Ores, slag and ash

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex Chapter 27

Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 2707

Oils in which the weight of the aromatic constituents exceeds that of the non‐aromatic constituents, being oils similar to mineral oils obtained by distillation of high temperature coal tar, of which more than 65 % by volume distils at a temperature of up to 250 °C (including mixtures of petroleum spirit and benzol), for use as power or heating fuels

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (8)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2709

Crude oils obtained from bituminous minerals

Destructive distillation of bituminous materials

 

2710

Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (9)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2711

Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (9)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2712

Petroleum jelly; paraffin wax, microcrystalline petroleum wax, slack wax, ozokerite, lignite wax, peat wax, other mineral waxes, and similar products obtained by synthesis or by other processes, whether or not coloured

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (9)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2713

Petroleum coke, petroleum bitumen and other residues of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (8)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2714

Bitumen and asphalt, natural; bituminous or oil‐shale and tar sands; asphaltites and asphaltic rocks

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (8)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2715

Bituminous mixtures based on natural asphalt, on natural bitumen, on petroleum bitumen, on mineral tar or on mineral tar pitch (for example, bituminous mastics, cut‐backs)

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (8)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 28

Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare‐earth metals, of radioactive elements or of isotopes; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2805

“Mischmetall”

Manufacture by electrolytic or thermal treatment in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 2811

Sulphur trioxide

Manufacture from sulphur dioxide

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2833

Aluminium sulphate

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 2840

Sodium perborate

Manufacture from disodium tetraborate pentahydrate

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2852

Mercury compounds of internal ethers and their halogenated, sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of heading 2909 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Mercury compounds of nucleic acids and their salts, whether or not chemically defined; other heterocyclic compounds

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 , 2933 and 2934 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Mercury compounds of diagnostic or laboratory reagents on a backing, prepared diagnostic or laboratory reagents whether or not on a backing, other than those of heading 3002 or 3006 ; certified reference materials

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Nucleic acids and their salts, whether or not chemically defined; other heterocyclic compounds

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 , 2933 and 2934 used does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Mercury compounds of chemical products and preparations of the chemical or allied industries (including those consisting of mixtures of natural products), not elsewhere specified or included

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 29

Organic chemicals; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2901

Acyclic hydrocarbons for use as power or heating fuels

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (8)

 

 

 

 

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2902

Cyclanes and cyclenes (other than azulenes), benzene, toluene, xylenes, for use as power or heating fuels

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (8)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2905

Metal alcoholates of alcohols of this heading and of ethanol

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 2905 . However, metal alcoholates of this heading may be used, provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2915

Saturated acyclic monocarboxylic acids and their anhydrides, halides, peroxides and peroxyacids; their halogenated, sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2915 and 2916 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 2932

Internal ethers and their halogenated, sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of heading 2909 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Cyclic acetals and internal hemiacetals and their halogenated, sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives

Manufacture from materials of any heading

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2933

Heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen hetero‐atom(s) only

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 and 2933 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2934

Nucleic acids and their salts; other heterocyclic compounds

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 , 2933 and 2934 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

2939 80

Alkaloids of non‐plant origin

 

 

 

Heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen heteroatom (s) only

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 , 2933 and 2934 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Nucleic acids and their salts; other heterocyclic compounds

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 , 2933 and 2934 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 30

Pharmaceutical products; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 3002

Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro‐organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products:

 

 

 

Products consisting of two or more constituents which have been mixed together for therapeutic or prophylactic uses or unmixed products for these uses, put up in measured doses or in forms or packings for retail sale

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3002 . However, materials of the same description as the product may be used, provided their total value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Other:

 

 

 

—Human blood

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3002 . However, materials of the same description as the product may be used, provided their total value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

—Animal blood prepared for therapeutic or prophylactic uses

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3002 . However, materials of the same description as the product may be used, provided their total value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

—Blood fractions other than antisera, haemoglobin, blood globulins and serum globulins

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3002 . However, materials of the same description as the product may be used, provided their total value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

—Haemoglobin, blood globulins and serum globulins

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3002 . However, materials of the same description as the product may be used, provided their total value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

—Other

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3002 . However, materials of the same description as the product may be used, provided their total value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Other heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen heteroatom(s) only, containing an unfused imidazo le ring (whether or not hydrogenated) in the structure, in the form of peptides and proteins which are directly involved in the regulation of immunological processes

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 and 2933 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Other nucleic acids and their salts, whether or not chemically defined, in the form of peptides and proteins which are directly involved in the regulation of immunological processes; other heterocyclic compounds, in the form of peptides and proteins which are directly involved in the regulation of immunological processes

Manufacture from materials of any heading. However, the value of all the materials of headings 2932 , 2933 and 2934 used may not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3003 and 3004

Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 3002 , 3005 or 3006 ):

 

 

Obtained from amikacin of heading 2941

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials of heading 3003 or 3004 may be used provided their value, taken together, does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials of heading 3003 or 3004 may be used provided their value, taken together, does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product; and

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 3006

Plastic appliances identifiable for ostomy use

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 31

Fertilisers; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3105

Mineral or chemical fertilisers containing two or three of the fertilising elements nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium; other fertilisers; goods of this chapter, in tablets or similar forms or in packages of a gross weight not exceeding 10 kg, except for:

sodium nitrate

calcium cyanamide

potassium sulphate

magnesium potassium sulphate

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials of the same heading as the product may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product, and

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 32

Tanning or dyeing extracts; tannins and their derivatives; dyes, pigments and other colouring matter; paints and varnishes; putty and other mastics; inks; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3201

Tannins and their salts, ethers, esters and other derivatives

Manufacture from tanning extracts of vegetable origin

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3205

Colour lakes; preparations as specified in Note 3 to this Chapter based on colour lakes (10)

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of headings 3203 , 3204 and 3205 . However, materials from heading 3205 may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 33

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3301

Essential oils (terpeneless or not), including concretes and absolutes; resinoids; extracted oleoresins; concentrates of essential oils in fats, in fixed oils, in waxes or the like, obtained by enfleurage or maceration; terpenic by‐products of the deterpenation of essential oils; aqueous distillates and aqueous solutions of essential oils

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including materials of a different “group” (11) in this heading. However, materials of the same group may be used, provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 34

Soap, organic surface‐active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modelling pastes, “dental waxes” and dental preparations with a basis of plaster; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3403

Lubricating preparations containing petroleum oils or oils obtained from bituminous minerals, provided they represent less than 70 % by weight

Operations of refining and/or one or more specific process(es) (8)

Other operations in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3404

Artificial waxes and prepared waxes:

 

 

With a basis of paraffin, petroleum waxes, waxes obtained from bituminous minerals, slack wax or scale wax

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Other

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except:

hydrogenated oils having the character of waxes of heading 1516 ;

fatty acids not chemically defined or industrial fatty alcohols having the character of waxes of heading 3823 ;

materials of heading 3404

However, these materials may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 35

Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3505

Dextrins and other modified starches (for example, pregelatinised or esterified starches); glues based on starches, or on dextrins or other modified starches:

 

 

 

Starches, esterified or etherified

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3505

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Other

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of heading 1108

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3507

Prepared enzymes not elsewhere specified or included

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Chapter 36

Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 37

Photographic or cinematographic goods; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3701

Photographic plates and film in the flat, sensitised, unexposed, of any material other than paper, paperboard or textiles; instant print film in the flat, sensitised, unexposed, whether or not in packs:

 

 

 

Instant print film for colour photography

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than heading 3701 or 3702 . However, materials from heading 3702 may be used provided their value does not exceed 30 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Other

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than heading 3701 or 3702 . However, materials of heading 3701 or 3702 may be used, provided their value, taken together, does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3702

Photographic film in rolls, sensitised, unexposed, of any material other than paper, paperboard or textiles; instant print film in rolls, sensitised, unexposed

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than heading 3701 or 3702

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3704

Photographic plates, film, paper, paperboard and textiles, exposed but not developed

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than headings 3701 to 3704

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 38

Miscellaneous chemical products; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3801

Colloidal graphite in suspension in oil and semi‐colloidal graphite; carbonaceous pastes for electrodes

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Graphite in paste form, being a mixture of more than 30 % of graphite by weight with mineral oils

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of heading 3403 used does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3803

Refined tall oil

Refining of crude tall oil

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3805

Spirits of sulphate turpentine, purified

Purification by distillation or refining of raw spirits of sulphate turpentine

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3806

Ester gums

Manufacture from resin acids

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3807

Wood pitch (wood tar pitch)

Distillation of wood tar

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3808

Insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, herbicides, anti‐sprouting products and plant‐growth regulators, disinfectants and similar products, put up in forms or packings for retail sale or as preparations or articles (for example, sulphur‐treated bands, wicks and candles, and fly‐papers)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the products

 

3809

Finishing agents, dye carriers to accelerate the dyeing or fixing of dyestuffs and other products and preparations (for example, dressings and mordants), of a kind used in the textile, paper, leather or like industries, not elsewhere specified or included

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the products

 

3810

Pickling preparations for metal surfaces; fluxes and other auxiliary preparations for soldering, brazing or welding; soldering, brazing or welding powders and pastes consisting of metal and other materials; preparations of a kind used as cores or coatings for welding electrodes or rods

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the products

 

3811

Anti‐knock preparations, oxidation inhibitors, gum inhibitors, viscosity improvers, anti‐corrosive preparations and other prepared additives, for mineral oils (including gasoline) or for other liquids used for the same purposes as mineral oils:

 

 

 

Prepared additives for lubricating oil, containing petroleum oils or oils obtained from bituminous minerals

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of heading 3811 used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3812

Prepared rubber accelerators; compound plasticisers for rubber or plastics, not elsewhere specified or included; anti‐oxidising preparations and other compound stabilisers for rubber or plastics

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3813

Preparations and charges for fire‐extinguishers; charged fire‐extinguishing grenades

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3814

Organic composite solvents and thinners, not elsewhere specified or included; prepared paint or varnish removers

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3818

Chemical elements doped for use in electronics, in the form of discs, wafers or similar forms; chemical compounds doped for use in electronics

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3819

Hydraulic brake fluids and other prepared liquids for hydraulic transmission, not containing or containing less than 70 % by weight of petroleum oils or oils obtained from bituminous minerals

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3820

Anti‐freezing preparations and prepared de‐icing fluids

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 3821

Prepared culture media for maintenance of micro‐organisms (including viruses and the like) or of plant, human or animal cells

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3822

Diagnostic or laboratory reagents on a backing, prepared diagnostic or laboratory reagents whether or not on a backing, other than those of heading 3002 or 3006 ; certified reference materials

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3823

Industrial monocarboxylic fatty acids; acid oils from refining; industrial fatty alcohols

 

 

 

Industrial monocarboxylic fatty acids; acid oils from refining

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

 

Industrial fatty alcohols

Manufacture from materials of any heading, including other materials of heading 3823

 

3824

Prepared binders for foundry moulds or cores; chemical products and preparations of the chemical or allied industries (including those consisting of mixtures of natural products), not elsewhere specified or included; residual products of the chemical or allied industries, not elsewhere specified or included:

 

 

 

The following of this heading:

Prepared binders for foundry moulds or cores based on natural resinous products

Naphthenic acids, their water‐insoluble salts and their esters

Sorbitol other than that of heading 2905

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Petroleum sulphonates, excluding petroleum sulphonates of alkali metals, of ammonium or of ethanolamines; thiophenated sulphonic acids of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, and their salts

Ion‐exchangers

Getters for vacuum tubes

 

 

 

Alkaline iron oxide for the purification of gas

Ammoniacal gas liquors and spent oxide produced in coal gas purification

Sulphonaphthenic acids, their water‐insoluble salts and their esters

Fusel oil and Dippel’s oil

Mixtures of salts having different anions

Copying pastes with a basis of gelatin, whether or not on a paper or textile backing

 

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3826

Biodiesel and mixtures thereof, not containing or containing less than 70 % by weight of petroleum oils or oils obtained from bituminous minerals

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3901 to 3915

Plastics in primary forms; waste, parings and scrap, of plastics; except for headings ex 3907 and 3912 , for which the rules are set out below:

 

 

 

Addition homopolymerisation products in which a single monomer contributes more than 99 % by weight to the total polymer content

Manufacture in which:

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product; and

the value of any materials of Chapter 39 used does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product (12)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Other

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 39 used does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product (12)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3907

Copolymers, made from polycarbonate and acrylonitrile‐butadiene‐styrene copolymers (ABS)

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, materials classified within the same heading may be used provided their value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product (12)

 

 

Polyester

Manufacture in which the value of any materials of Chapter 39 used does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product and/or manufacture from polycarbonate of tetrabromo‐(bisphenol A)

 

3912

Cellulose and its chemical derivatives, not elsewhere specified or included, in primary forms

Manufacture in which the value of any materials classified in the same heading as the product does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

3916 to 3921

Semi‐manufactures and articles of plastics; except for products of headings ex 3916 , ex 3917 , ex 3920 and ex 3921 , for which the rules are set out below:

 

 

 

Flat products, further worked than only surface‐worked or cut into forms other than rectangular (including square); other products, further worked than only surface‐worked

Other:

Manufacture in which the value of any materials of Chapter 39 used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

—Addition homopolymerisation products in which a single monomer contributes more than 99 % by weight to the total polymer content

Manufacture in which:

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product; and

the value of any materials of Chapter 39 used does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product (12)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

—Other

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials of Chapter 39 used does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product (12)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3916 and ex 3917

Profile shapes and tubes

Manufacture in which:

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product; and

the value of any materials classified within the same heading as the product does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 3920

Ionomer sheet or film

Manufacture from a thermoplastic partial salt which is a copolymer of ethylene and metacrylic acid partly neutralised with metal ions, mainly zinc and sodium

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Sheets of regenerated cellulose, polyamides or polyethylene

Manufacture in which the value of any materials classified in the same heading as the product does not exceed 20 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 3921

Foils of plastic, metallised

Manufacture from highly transparent polyester foils with a thickness of less than 23 micron (13)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the product

3922 to 3926

Articles of plastics

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 40

Rubber and articles thereof; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 4001

Laminated slabs of crepe rubber for shoes

Lamination of sheets of natural rubber

 

4005

Compounded rubber, unvulcanised, in primary forms or in plates, sheets or strip

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used, except natural rubber, does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

4012

Retreaded or used pneumatic tyres of rubber; solid or cushion tyres, tyre treads and tyre flaps, of rubber

 

 

 

Retreaded pneumatic, solid or cushion tyres, of rubber

Retreading of used tyres

 

 

Other

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of headings 4011 or 4012

 

ex 4017

Articles of hard rubber

Manufacture from hard rubber

 

ex Chapter 41

Raw hides and skins (other than fur pelts) and leather; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 4102

Raw skins of sheep or lambs, without wool on

Removal of wool from sheep or lamb skins

 

4104 to 4106

Tanned or crust hides and skins, without wool or hair on, whether or not split, but not further prepared

Retanning of tanned leather

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

4107 , 4112 and 4113

Leather further prepared after tanning or crusting, including parchment‐dressed leather, without wool or hair on, whether or not split, other than leather of heading 4114

Retanning of tanned leather

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

ex 4114

Patent leather and patent laminated leather; metallised leather

Manufacture from materials of headings 4104 to 4107 , 4112 or 4113 , provided that their total value does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Chapter 42

Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silk worm gut)

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex Chapter 43

Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 4302

Tanned or dressed furskins, assembled:

 

 

 

Plates, crosses and similar forms

Bleaching or dyeing, in addition to cutting and assembly of non‐assembled tanned or dressed furskins

 

 

Other

Manufacture from non‐assembled, tanned or dressed furskins

 

4303

Articles of apparel, clothing accessories and other articles of furskin

Manufacture from non‐assembled tanned or dressed furskins of heading 4302

 

ex Chapter 44

Wood and articles of wood, wood charcoal; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 4403

Wood roughly squared

Manufacture from wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of its bark or merely roughed down

 

ex 4407

Wood sawn or chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled, of a thickness exceeding 6 mm, planed, sanded or finger‐jointed

Planing, sanding or finger‐jointing

 

ex 4408

Sheets for veneering and for plywood, of a thickness not exceeding 6 mm, spliced, and other wood sawn lengthwise, sliced or peeled, of a thickness not exceeding 6 mm, planed, sanded or finger‐jointed

Splicing, planing, sanding or finger‐jointing

 

ex 4409

Wood continuously shaped along any of its edges or faces, whether or not planed, sanded or finger‐jointed:

 

 

 

Sanded or finger‐jointed

Sanding or finger‐jointing

 

 

Beadings and mouldings

Beading or moulding

 

ex 4410 to ex 4413

Beadings and mouldings, including moulded skirting and other moulded boards

Beading or moulding

 

ex 4415

Packing cases, boxes, crates, drums and similar packings, of wood;

Manufacture from boards not cut to size

 

ex 4416

Casks, barrels, vats, tubs and other coopers’ products and parts thereof, of wood

Manufacture from riven staves, not further worked than sawn on the two principal surfaces

 

ex 4418

Builders’ joinery and carpentry of wood

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product. However, cellular wood panels, shingles and shakes may be used

 

 

Beadings and mouldings

Beading or moulding

 

ex 4421

Match splints; wooden pegs or pins for footwear

Manufacture from wood of any heading, except drawn wood of heading 4409

 

ex Chapter 45

Cork and articles of cork; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

4503

Articles of natural cork

Manufacture from cork of heading 4501

 

Chapter 46

Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

Chapter 47

Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex Chapter 48

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 4811

Paper and paperboard, ruled, lined or squared only

Manufacture from paper‐making materials of Chapter 47

 

4816

Carbon paper, self‐copy paper and other copying or transfer papers (other than those of heading 4809 ), duplicator stencils and offset plates, of paper, whether or not put up in boxes

Manufacture from paper‐making materials of Chapter 47

 

4817

Envelopes, letter cards, plain postcards and correspondence cards, of paper or paperboard; boxes, pouches, wallets and writing compendiums, of paper or paperboard, containing an assortment of paper stationery

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 4818

Toilet paper

Manufacture from paper‐making materials of Chapter 47

 

ex 4819

Cartons, boxes, cases, bags and other packing containers, of paper, paperboard, cellulose wadding or webs of cellulose fibres

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product; and

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 4820

Letter pads

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 4823

Other paper, paperboard, cellulose wadding and webs of cellulose fibres, cut to size or shape

Manufacture from paper‐making materials of Chapter 47

 

ex Chapter 49

Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

4909

Printed or illustrated postcards; printed cards bearing personal greetings, messages or announcements, whether or not illustrated, with or without envelopes or trimmings

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of headings 4909 or 4911

 

4910

Calendars of any kind, printed, including calendar blocks:

 

 

 

Calendars of the “perpetual” type or with replaceable blocks mounted on bases other than paper or paperboard

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product; and

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

 

Other

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except those of headings 4909 or 4911

 

ex Chapter 50

Silk; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 5003

Silk waste (including cocoons unsuitable for reeling, yarn waste and garnetted stock), carded or combed

Carding or combing of silk waste

 

5004 to ex 5006

Silk yarn and yarn spun from silk waste

Manufacture from (14):

raw silk or silk waste, carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

other natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5007

Woven fabrics of silk or of silk waste:

Manufacture from yarn (14)

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 51

Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

5106 to 5110

Yarn of wool, of fine or coarse animal hair or of horsehair

Manufacture from (14):

raw silk or silk waste, carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5111 to 5113

Woven fabrics of wool, of fine or coarse animal hair or of horsehair:

Manufacture from yarn (14)

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 52

Cotton; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

5204 to 5207

Yarn and thread of cotton

Manufacture from (14):

raw silk or silk waste, carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5208 to 5212

Woven fabrics of cotton:

Manufacture from yarn (14)

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 53

Other vegetable textile fibres; paper yarn and woven fabrics of paper yarn; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

5306 to 5308

Yarn of other vegetable textile fibres; paper yarn

Manufacture from (14):

raw silk or silk waste, carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5309 to 5311

Woven fabrics of other vegetable textile fibres; woven fabrics of paper yarn:

Manufacture from yarn (14)

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

5401 to 5406

Yarn, monofilament and thread of man‐made filaments

Manufacture from (14):

raw silk or silk waste, carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5407 and 5408

Woven fabrics of man‐made filament yarn:

Manufacture from yarn (14)

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

5501 to 5507

Man‐made staple fibres

Manufacture from chemical materials or textile pulp

 

5508 to 5511

Sewing thread of man‐made staple fibres

Manufacture from (14):

raw silk or silk waste, carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5512 to 5516

Woven fabrics of man‐made staple fibres

Manufacture from yarn (14)

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 56

Wadding, felt and non‐wovens; special yarns; twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof; except for:

Manufacture from (14):

coir yarn;

natural fibres;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5602

Felt, whether or not impregnated, coated, covered or laminated:

 

 

 

Needleloom felt

Manufacture from (14):

natural fibres; or

chemical materials or textile pulp

 

 

Other

Manufacture from (14):

natural fibres;

artificial staple fibres; or

chemical materials or textile pulp

 

5604

Rubber thread and cord, textile covered; textile yarn, and strip and the like of heading 5404 or 5405 , impregnated, coated, covered or sheathed with rubber or plastics:

 

 

 

Rubber thread and cord, textile covered

Manufacture from rubber thread or cord, not textile covered

 

 

Other

Manufacture from (14):

natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise prepared for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5605

Metallised yarn, whether or not gimped, being textile yarn, or strip or the like of heading 5404 or 5405 , combined with metal in the form of thread, strip or powder or covered with metal

Manufacture from (14):

natural fibres;

man‐made staple fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise processed for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

5606

Gimped yarn, and strip and the like of heading 5404 or 5405 , gimped (other than those of heading 5605 and gimped horsehair yarn); chenille yarn (including flock chenille yarn); loop wale‐yarn

Manufacture from (14):

natural fibres;

man‐made staple fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise processed for spinning;

chemical materials or textile pulp; or

paper‐making materials

 

Chapter 57

Carpets and other textile floor coverings:

 

 

 

of needleloom felt

Manufacture from (14):

natural fibres; or

chemical materials or textile pulp

However, jute fabric may be used as a backing

 

 

of other felt

Manufacture from (14):

natural fibres, not carded or combed or otherwise processed for spinning; or

chemical materials or textile pulp

 

 

Other

Manufacture from yarn (14):

However,

jute fabric may be used as a backing

 

ex Chapter 58

Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace; tapestries; trimmings; embroidery; except for:

Manufacture from yarn (14)

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

5805

Hand‐woven tapestries of the type Gobelins, Flanders, Aubusson, Beauvais and the like, and needle‐worked tapestries (for example, petit point, cross stitch), whether or not made‐up

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

5810

Embroidery in the piece, in strips or in motifs

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

5901

Textile fabrics coated with gum or amylaceous substances, of a kind used for the outer covers of books or the like; tracing cloth; prepared painting canvas; buckram and similar stiffened textile fabrics of a kind used for hat foundations

Manufacture from yarn

 

5902

Tyre cord fabric of high tenacity yarn of nylon or other polyamides, polyesters or viscose rayon:

Manufacture from yarn

 

5903

Textile fabrics impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with plastics, other than those of heading 5902

Manufacture from yarn

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

5904

Linoleum, whether or not cut to shape; floor coverings consisting of a coating or covering applied on a textile backing, whether or not cut to shape

Manufacture from yarn (14)

 

5905

Textile wall coverings:

Manufacture from yarn

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

5906

Rubberised textile fabrics, other than those of heading 5902

Manufacture from yarn

 

5907

Textile fabrics otherwise impregnated, coated or covered; painted canvas being theatrical scenery, studio back‐cloths or the like

Manufacture from yarn

Printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling) where the value of the unprinted fabric used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

5908

Textile wicks, woven, plaited or knitted, for lamps, stoves, lighters, candles or the like; incandescent gas mantles and tubular knitted gas mantle fabric therefor, whether or not impregnated:

 

 

 

Incandescent gas mantles, impregnated

Manufacture from tubular knitted gas‐mantle fabric

 

 

Other

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

5909 to 5911

Textile products and articles, for technical uses:

 

 

 

Polishing discs or rings other than of felt of heading 5911

Manufacture from yarn or waste fabrics or rags of heading 6310

 

 

Woven fabrics, of a kind commonly used in papermaking or other technical uses, felted or not, whether or not impregnated or coated, tubular or endless with single or multiple warp and/or weft, or flat woven with multiple warp and/or weft of heading 5911

Manufacture from yarn (14)

 

 

Other

Manufacture from yarn (14)

 

Chapter 60

Knitted or crocheted fabrics

Manufacture from yarn (14)

 

Chapter 61

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted:

 

 

 

Obtained by sewing together or otherwise assembling two or more pieces of knitted or crocheted fabric which have been either cut to form or obtained directly to form

Manufacture from fabric

 

 

Other

Manufacture from yarn (14)

 

ex Chapter 62

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted; except for:

Manufacture from fabric

 

6213 and

6214

Handkerchiefs, shawls, scarves, mufflers, mantillas, veils and the like:

 

 

 

Embroidered

Manufacture from yarn (14) ,  (15)

Manufacture from unembroidered fabric, provided that the value of the unembroidered fabric used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product (14)

 

Other

Manufacture from yarn (14) ,  (15)

Making up, followed by printing accompanied by at least two preparatory or finishing operations (such as scouring, bleaching, mercerising, heat setting, raising, calendering, shrink resistance processing, permanent finishing, decatising, impregnating, mending and burling), provided that the value of all the unprinted goods of headings 6213 and 6214 used does not exceed 47,5 % of the ex‐works price of the product

6217

Other made‐up clothing accessories; parts of garments or of clothing accessories, other than those of heading 6212 :

 

 

 

Embroidered

Manufacture from yarn (15)

Manufacture from unembroidered fabric, provided that the value of the unembroidered fabric used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product (15)

 

Fire‐resistant equipment of fabric covered with foil of aluminised polyester

Manufacture from yarn (15)

Manufacture from uncoated fabric, provided that the value of the uncoated fabric used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product (15)

 

Interlinings for collars and cuffs, cut out

Manufacture in which:

all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product;

the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex Chapter 63

Other made‐up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

6301 to 6304

Blankets, travelling rugs, bed linen, etc.; curtains, etc.; other furnishing articles:

 

 

 

Of felt, of non‐wovens

Manufacture from (15):

natural fibres; or

chemical materials or textile pulp

 

 

Other:

 

 

 

—Embroidered

Manufacture from yarn (14) ,  (16)

Manufacture from unembroidered fabric (other than knitted or crocheted), provided that the value of the unembroidered fabric used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

—Other

Manufacture from yarn (14) ,  (16)

 

6305

Sacks and bags, of a kind used for the packing of goods

Manufacture from yarn (14)

 

6306

Tarpaulins, awnings and sunblinds; tents; sails for boats, sailboards or landcraft; camping goods:

Manufacture from fabric

 

6307

Other made‐up articles, including dress patterns

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 40 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

6308

Sets consisting of woven fabric and yarn, whether or not with accessories, for making up into rugs, tapestries, embroidered tablecloths or serviettes, or similar textile articles, put up in packings for retail sale

Each item in the set must satisfy the rule which would apply to it if it were not included in the set. However, non‐originating articles may be incorporated, provided their total value does not exceed 25 % of the ex‐works price of the set

 

ex Chapter 64

Footwear, gaiters and the like; except for:

Manufacture from materials of any heading, except from assemblies of uppers affixed to inner soles or to other sole components of heading 6406

 

6406

Parts of footwear (including uppers whether or not attached to soles other than outer soles); removable in‐soles, heel cushions and similar articles; gaiters, leggings and similar articles, and parts thereof

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex Chapter 65

Headgear and parts thereof; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

6505

Hats and other headgear, knitted or crocheted, or made up from lace, felt or other textile fabric, in the piece (but not in strips), whether or not lined or trimmed; hair‐nets of any material, whether or not lined or trimmed

Manufacture from yarn or textile fibres (14)

 

ex Chapter 66

Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking‐sticks, seat‐sticks, whips, riding‐crops, and parts thereof; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

6601

Umbrellas and sun umbrellas (including walking‐stick umbrellas, garden umbrellas and similar umbrellas)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

Chapter 67

Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex Chapter 68

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 6803

Articles of slate or of agglomerated slate

Manufacture from worked slate

 

ex 6812

Articles of asbestos; articles of mixtures with a basis of asbestos or of mixtures with a basis of asbestos and magnesium carbonate

Manufacture from materials of any heading

 

ex 6814

Articles of mica, including agglomerated or reconstituted mica, on a support of paper, paperboard or other materials

Manufacture from worked mica (including agglomerated or reconstituted mica)

 

Chapter 69

Ceramic products

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex Chapter 70

Glass and glassware; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 7003 ex 7004 and ex 7005

Glass with a non‐reflecting layer

Manufacture from materials of heading 7001

 

7006

Glass of heading 7003 , 7004 or 7005 , bent, edge‐worked, engraved, drilled, enamelled or otherwise worked, but not framed or fitted with other materials:

 

 

 

Glass‐plate substrates, coated with a dielectric thin film, and of a semiconductor grade in accordance with SEMII‐standards (17)

Manufacture from materials of heading 7006

 

 

Other

Manufacture from materials of heading 7001

 

7007

Safety glass, consisting of toughened (tempered) or laminated glass

Manufacture from materials of heading 7001

 

7008

Multiple‐walled insulating units of glass

Manufacture from materials of heading 7001

 

7009

Glass mirrors, whether or not framed, including rear‐view mirrors

Manufacture from materials of heading 7001

 

7010

Carboys, bottles, flasks, jars, pots, phials, ampoules and other containers, of glass, of a kind used for the conveyance or packing of goods; preserving jars of glass; stoppers, lids and other closures, of glass

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

Cutting of glassware, provided that the total value of the uncut glassware used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

7013

Glassware of a kind used for table, kitchen, toilet, office, indoor decoration or similar purposes (other than that of heading 7010 or 7018 )

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

Cutting of glassware, provided that the total value of the uncut glassware used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

or

Hand‐decoration (except silk‐screen printing) of hand‐blown glassware, provided that the total value of the hand‐blown glassware used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex 7019

Articles (other than yarn) of glass fibres

Manufacture from:

uncoloured slivers, rovings, yarn or chopped strands, or

glass wool

 

ex Chapter 71

Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi‐precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal, and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

ex 7101

Natural or cultured pearls, graded and temporarily strung for convenience of transport

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

ex 7102 , ex 7103 and ex 7104

Worked precious or semi‐precious stones (natural, synthetic or reconstructed)

Manufacture from unworked precious or semi‐precious stones

 

7106 , 7108 and 7110

Precious metals:

 

 

 

Unwrought

Manufacture from materials not classified within heading 7106 , 7108 or 7110

Electrolytic, thermal or chemical separation of precious metals of heading 7106 , 7108 or 7110

or

Alloying of precious metals of heading 7106 , 7108 or 7110 with each other or with base metals

 

Semi‐manufactured or in powder form

Manufacture from unwrought precious metals

 

ex 7107 ex 7109 and ex 7111

Metals clad with precious metals, semi‐manufactured

Manufacture from metals clad with precious metals, unwrought

 

7116

Articles of natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi‐precious stones (natural, synthetic or reconstructed)

Manufacture in which the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

 

7117

Imitation jewellery

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

Manufacture from base metal parts, not plated or covered with precious metals, provided that the value of all the materials used does not exceed 50 % of the ex‐works price of the product

ex Chapter 72

Iron and steel; except for:

Manufacture in which all the materials used are classified within a heading other than that of the product

 

7207

Semi‐finished products of iron or non‐alloy steel

Manufacture from materials of heading 7201 , 7202 , 7203 , 7204 or 7205

 

7208 to 7216

Flat‐rolled products, bars and rods, angles, shapes and sections of iron or non‐alloy steel

Manufacture from ingots or other primary forms of heading 7206

 

7217

Wire of iron or non‐alloy steel

Manufacture from semi‐finished materials of heading 7207

 

ex 7218 , 7219 to 7222

Semi‐finished products, flat‐rolled products, bars and rods, angles, shapes and sections of stainless steel

Manufacture from ingots or other primary forms of heading 7218

 

7223

Wire of stainless steel

Manufacture from semi‐finished materials of heading 7218

 

ex 7224 , 7225 to 7228

Semi‐finished products, flat‐rolled products, bars and rods, angles, shapes and sections of other alloy steel; hollow drill bars and rods, of alloy or non‐alloy steel

Manufacture from ingots or other primary forms of heading 7206 , 7218 or 7224

 

7229

Wire of other alloy steel

Manufacture from semi‐finished materials of heading 7224