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Document 32019R0428

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/428 of 12 July 2018 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 as regards marketing standards in the fruit and vegetables sector

C/2018/4349

OJ L 75, 19.3.2019, p. 1–58 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_del/2019/428/oj

19.3.2019   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 75/1


COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2019/428

of 12 July 2018

amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 as regards marketing standards in the fruit and vegetables sector

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007 (1), and in particular Article 75(2) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 (2) provides for detailed rules on marketing standards for fruit and vegetables.

(2)

Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 allows the marketing of packages of a net weight of 5 kg or less containing mixes of different species of fruit and vegetables. To ensure fair trading and to respond to the demand from certain consumers for such mixes, identical rules should apply to packages containing different species of fruit and packages containing different species of vegetables.

(3)

From 2013 to 2017 the Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) revised the UN/ECE standards for apples, citrus fruit, kiwifruit, lettuces, curled-leaved and broad-leaved endives, peaches and nectarines, pears, strawberries, sweet peppers, table grapes and tomatoes. In order to avoid unnecessary barriers to trade, the general and specific marketing standards for those fruits and vegetables provided for in Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 should be aligned with the new UN/ECE standards.

(4)

In particular, the UN/ECE standards require the indication of the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code in combination with the code mark representing the packer or dispatcher when the packer or dispatcher has a physical address in a country different from the country of origin of the products. That requirement should be included in Annex I to Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011.

(5)

Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(6)

In order to give operators sufficient time to adapt to the new requirement relating to the country code, they should be allowed to use existing officially issued or accepted code marks representing the packer or dispatcher until 31 December 2019,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Amendment of Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011

Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 is amended as follows:

(1)

Article 7 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 7

Mixes

1.   The marketing of packages of a net weight of 5 kg or less containing mixes of different species of fruits, of vegetables or of fruits and vegetables shall be allowed, provided that:

(a)

the products are of uniform quality and each product concerned complies with the relevant specific marketing standard or, where no specific marketing standard exists for a particular product, the general marketing standard;

(b)

the package is appropriately labelled, in accordance with this Chapter; and

(c)

the mix is not such as to mislead the consumer.

2.   The requirements of paragraph 1(a) shall not apply to products included in a mix which are not products of the fruit and vegetables sector referred to in Article 1(2)(i) of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (*1).

3.   If the products in a mix originate in more than one Member State or third country, the full names of the countries of origin may be replaced with one of the following, as appropriate:

(a)

“mix of EU fruit”, “mix of EU vegetables” or “mix of EU fruit and vegetables”;

(b)

“mix of non-EU fruit”, “mix of non-EU vegetables” or “mix of non-EU fruit and vegetables”;

(c)

“mix of EU and non-EU fruit”, “mix of EU and non-EU vegetables” or “mix of EU and non-EU fruit and vegetables”.

(*1)  Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 671.)’;"

(2)

Annex I is replaced by the text set out in the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

Transitional provision

Officially issued or accepted code marks representing the packer or dispatcher that do not include the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code may continue to be used on packages until 31 December 2019.

Article 3

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the seventh day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 12 July 2018.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 671.

(2)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 of 7 June 2011 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 in respect of the fruit and vegetables and processed fruit and vegetables sectors (OJ L 157, 15.6.2011, p. 1).


ANNEX

‘ANNEX I

MARKETING STANDARDS REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 3

PART A

General marketing standard

The purpose of this general marketing standard is to define the quality requirements for fruit and vegetables, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

1.   Minimum requirements

Subject to the tolerances allowed, the products shall be:

intact,

sound; products affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make them unfit for consumption are excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The condition of the products must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling,

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

2.   Minimum maturity requirements

The products must be sufficiently developed, but not over-developed, and fruit must display satisfactory ripeness and must not be overripe.

The development and state of maturity of the products must be such as to enable them to continue their ripening process and to reach a satisfactory degree of ripeness.

3.   Tolerance

A tolerance of 10 % by number or weight of product not satisfying the minimum quality requirements shall be permitted in each lot. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

4.   Marking

Each package (1) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example: street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Origin

Full name of the country of origin (2). For products originating in a Member State this shall be in the language of the country of origin or any other language understandable by the consumers of the country of destination. For other products, this shall be in any language understandable by the consumers of the country of destination.

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART B

Specific marketing standards

PART 1:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR APPLES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to apples of varieties (cultivars) grown from Malus domestica Borkh., to be supplied fresh to the consumer, apples for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for apples, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, apples must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free from serious watercore, except for varieties marked with “V” listed in the appendix to this standard,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the apples must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The apples must be sufficiently developed, and display satisfactory ripeness.

The development and state of maturity of the apples must be such as to enable them to continue their ripening process and to reach the degree of ripeness required in relation to the varietal characteristics.

In order to verify the minimum maturity requirements, several parameters may be considered (for example morphological aspect, taste, firmness and refractometric index).

C.   Classification

Apples are classified in three classes defined below.

(i)   “Extra” Class

Apples in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety (3) and with the stalk which must be intact.

Apples must express the following minimum surface colour characteristic of the variety:

3/4 of total surface red coloured in case of colour group A,

1/2 of total surface mixed red coloured in case of colour group B,

1/3 of total surface slightly red coloured, blushed or striped in case of colour group C,

no minimum colour requirement in case of colour group D.

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

very slight skin defects,

very slight russeting (4) such as:

brown patches that may not go outside the stem cavity and may not be rough and/or

slight isolated traces of russeting.

(ii)   Class I

Apples in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety (5).

Apples must express the following minimum surface colour characteristic of the variety:

1/2 of total surface red coloured in case of colour group A,

1/3 of total surface mixed red coloured in case of colour group B,

1/10 of total surface slightly red coloured, blushed or striped in case of colour group C,

no minimum colour requirement in case of colour group D.

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

a slight defect in development,

a slight defect in colouring,

slight bruising not exceeding 1 cm2 of total surface area and not discoloured,

slight skin defects which must not extend over more than:

2 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

1 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 0,25 cm2, cumulative, in area,

slight russeting (6) such as:

brown patches that may go slightly beyond the stem or pistil cavities but may not be rough and/or

thin net-like russeting not exceeding 1/5 of the total fruit surface and not contrasting strongly with the general colouring of the fruit and/or

dense russeting not exceeding 1/20 of the total fruit surface, while

thin net-like russeting and dense russeting taken together may not exceed a maximum of 1/5 of the total surface of the fruit.

The stalk may be missing, provided the break is clean and the adjacent skin is not damaged.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes apples which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The flesh must be free from major defects.

The following defects may be allowed, provided the apples retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in development,

defects in colouring,

slight bruising not exceeding 1,5 cm2 in area which may be slightly discoloured,

skin defects which must not extend over more than:

4 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

2,5 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 1 cm2, cumulative, in area;

slight russeting (7) such as

brown patches that may go beyond the stem or pistil cavities and may be slightly rough and/or

thin net-like russeting not exceeding 1/2 of the total fruit surface and not contrasting strongly with the general colouring of the fruit and/or

dense russeting not exceeding 1/3 of the total fruit surface, while

thin net-like russeting and dense russeting taken together may not exceed a maximum of 1/2 of the total surface of the fruit.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined either by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section or by weight.

The minimum size shall be 60 mm, if measured by diameter or 90 g, if measured by weight. Fruit of smaller sizes may be accepted, if the Brix level (8) of the produce is equal to or greater than to 10,5° Brix and the size is not smaller than 50 mm or 70 g.

To ensure the uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

for fruit sized by diameter:

5 mm for “Extra” Class fruit and for Classes I and II fruit packed in rows and layers. However, for apples of the varieties Bramley's Seedling (Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel) and Horneburger, the difference in diameter may amount to 10 mm, and

10 mm for Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package. However, for apples of the varieties Bramley's Seedling (Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel) and Horneburger, the difference in diameter may amount to 20 mm.

(b)

for fruit sized by weight:

For “Extra” Class and Classes I and II apples packed in rows and layers:

Range (g)

Weight difference (g)

70-90

15 g

91-135

20 g

136-200

30 g

201-300

40 g

> 300

50 g

For Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package:

Range (g)

Uniformity (g)

70-135

35

136-300

70

> 300

100

There is no sizing uniformity requirement for Class II fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package.

Varieties of miniature apples, marked with an “M” in the appendix to this standard, are exempted from the sizing provisions. Those miniature varieties must have a minimum Brix level (9) of 12°.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of apples not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of apples not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of apples satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of apples not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed. This tolerance may not be extended to include produce with a size:

5 mm or more below the minimum diameter,

10 g or more below the minimum weight.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only apples of the same origin, variety, quality and size (if sized) and the same degree of ripeness.

In the case of the “Extra” Class, uniformity also applies to colouring.

However, a mixture of apples of distinctly different varieties may be packed together in a sales package provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety concerned, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

B.   Packaging

The apples must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly. In particular, sales packages of a net weight exceeding 3 kg shall be sufficiently rigid to ensure proper protection of the produce.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (10) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Apples” if the contents are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety. In the case of a mixture of apples of distinctly different varieties, names of the different varieties.

The name of the variety may be replaced by a synonym. A trade name (11) may only be given in addition to the variety or the synonym.

In the case of mutants with varietal protection, this variety name may replace the basic variety name. In case of mutants without varietal protection, this mutant name may only be indicated in addition to the basic variety name.

“Miniature variety”, where appropriate.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (12) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of distinctly different varieties of apples of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class

Size, or for fruit packed in rows and layers, number of units.

If identification is by the size, this should be expressed:

(a)

for produce subject to the uniformity rules, as minimum and maximum diameters or minimum and maximum weights;

(b)

optionally, for produce not subject to the uniformity rules, as the diameter or the weight of the smallest fruit in the package followed by “and over” or equivalent denomination or, where appropriate, followed by the diameter or weight of the largest fruit in the package.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

‘Appendix

Non-exhaustive list of apple varieties

Fruits of varieties that are not part of the list must be graded according to their varietal characteristics.

Some of the varieties listed in the following table may be marketed under names for which trademark protection has been sought or obtained in one or more countries. The three first columns of the table hereunder do not intend to include such trademarks. References to known trademarks have been included in the fourth column for information only.

Legend:

M

=

miniature variety

R

=

russet variety

V

=

watercore

*

=

mutant without varietal protection but linked to a registered/protected trademark; mutants not marked with the asterisk are protected varieties

Varieties

Mutant

Synonyms

Trademarks

Colour group

Additional specifications

African Red

 

 

African Carmine ™

B

 

Akane

 

Tohoku 3, Primerouge

 

B

 

Alkmene

 

Early Windsor

 

C

 

Alwa

 

 

 

B

 

Amasya

 

 

 

B

 

Ambrosia

 

 

Ambrosia ®

B

 

Annurca

 

 

 

B

 

Ariane

 

 

Les Naturianes ®

B

 

Arlet

 

Swiss Gourmet

 

B

R

AW 106

 

 

Sapora ®

C

 

Belgica

 

 

 

B

 

Belle de Boskoop

 

Schone van Boskoop, Goudreinette

 

D

R

 

Boskoop rouge

Red Boskoop, Roter Boskoop, Rode Boskoop

 

B

R

 

Boskoop Valastrid

 

 

B

R

Berlepsch

 

Freiherr von Berlepsch

 

C

 

 

Berlepsch rouge

Red Berlepsch, Roter Berlepsch

 

B

 

Braeburn

 

 

 

B

 

 

Hidala

 

Hillwell ®

A

 

 

Joburn

 

Aurora ™, Red Braeburn ™, Southern Rose ™

A

 

 

Lochbuie Red Braeburn

 

 

A

 

 

Mahana Red Braeburn

 

Redfield ®

A

 

 

Mariri Red

 

Eve ™, Aporo ®

A

 

 

Royal Braeburn

 

 

A

 

Bramley's Seedling

 

Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel

 

D

 

Cardinal

 

 

 

B

 

Caudle

 

 

Cameo ®, Camela®

B

 

 

Cauflight

 

Cameo ®, Camela®

A

 

CIV323

 

 

Isaaq ®

B

 

CIVG198

 

 

Modi ®

A

 

Civni

 

 

Rubens ®

B

 

Collina

 

 

 

C

 

Coop 38

 

 

Goldrush ®, Delisdor ®

D

R

Coop 39

 

 

Crimson Crisp ®

A

 

Coop 43

 

 

Juliet ®

B

 

Coromandel Red

 

Corodel

 

A

 

Cortland

 

 

 

B

 

Cox's Orange Pippin

 

Cox orange, Cox's O.P.

 

C

R

Cripps Pink

 

 

Pink Lady ®, Flavor Rose ®

C

 

 

Lady in Red

 

Pink Lady ®

B

 

 

Rosy Glow

 

Pink Lady ®

B

 

 

Ruby Pink

 

 

B

 

Cripps Red

 

 

Sundowner ™, Joya ®

B

 

Dalinbel

 

 

Antares ®

B

R

Delblush

 

 

Tentation ®

D

 

Delcorf

 

 

Delbarestivale ®

C

 

 

Celeste

 

 

B

 

 

Bruggers Festivale

 

Sissired ®

A

 

 

Dalili

 

Ambassy ®

A

 

 

Wonik*

 

Appache ®

A

 

Delcoros

 

 

Autento ®

A

 

Delgollune

 

 

Delbard Jubilé ®

B

 

Delicious ordinaire

 

Ordinary Delicious

 

B

 

Discovery

 

 

 

C

 

Dykmanns Zoet

 

 

 

C

 

Egremont Russet

 

 

 

D

R

Elise

 

De Roblos, Red Delight

 

A

 

Elstar

 

 

 

C

 

 

Bel-El

 

Red Elswout ®

C

 

 

Daliest

 

Elista ®

C

 

 

Daliter

 

Elton ™

C

 

 

Elshof

 

 

C

 

 

Elstar Boerekamp

 

Excellent Star ®

C

 

 

Elstar Palm

 

Elstar PCP ®

C

 

 

Goedhof

 

Elnica ®

C

 

 

Red Elstar

 

 

C

 

 

RNA9842

 

Red Flame ®

C

 

 

Valstar

 

 

C

 

 

Vermuel

 

Elrosa ®

C

 

Empire

 

 

 

A

 

Fiesta

 

Red Pippin

 

C

 

Fresco

 

 

Wellant ®

B

R

Fuji

 

 

 

B

V

 

Aztec

 

Fuji Zhen ®

A

V

 

Brak

 

Fuji Kiku ® 8

B

V

 

Fuji Fubrax

 

Fuji Kiku ® Fubrax

B

V

 

Fuji Supreme

 

 

A

V

 

Heisei Fuji

 

Beni Shogun ®

A

V

 

Raku-Raku

 

 

B

V

Gala

 

 

 

C

 

 

Baigent

 

Brookfield ®

A

 

 

Bigigalaprim

 

Early Red Gala ®

B

 

 

Fengal

 

Gala Venus

A

 

 

Gala Schnico

 

Schniga ®

A

 

 

Gala Schnico Red

 

Schniga ®

A

 

 

Galaval

 

 

A

 

 

Galaxy

 

Selekta ®

B

 

 

Gilmac

 

Neon ®

A

 

 

Imperial Gala

 

 

B

 

 

Jugula

 

 

B

 

 

Mitchgla

 

Mondial Gala ®

B

 

 

Natali Gala

 

 

B

 

 

Regal Prince

 

Gala Must ®

B

 

 

Royal Beaut

 

 

A

 

 

Simmons

 

Buckeye ® Gala

A

 

Gloster

 

 

 

B

 

Golden 972

 

 

 

D

 

Golden Delicious

 

Golden

 

D

 

 

CG10 Yellow Delicious

 

Smothee ®

D

 

 

Golden Delicious Reinders

 

Reinders ®

D

 

 

Golden Parsi

 

Da Rosa ®

D

 

 

Leratess

 

Pink Gold ®

D

 

 

Quemoni

 

Rosagold ®

D

 

Goldstar

 

 

Rezista Gold Granny ®

D

 

Gradigold

 

 

Golden Supreme ™, Golden Extreme ™

D

 

Gradiyel

 

 

Goldkiss ®

D

 

Granny Smith

 

 

 

D

 

 

Dalivair

 

Challenger ®

D

 

Gravensteiner

 

Gravenstein

 

D

 

Hokuto

 

 

 

C

 

Holsteiner Cox

 

Holstein

 

C

R

Honeycrisp

 

 

Honeycrunch ®

C

 

Horneburger

 

 

 

D

 

Idared

 

 

 

B

 

 

Idaredest

 

 

B

 

 

Najdared

 

 

B

 

Ingrid Marie

 

 

 

B

R

James Grieve

 

 

 

D

 

Jonagold

 

 

 

C

 

 

Early Jonagold

 

Milenga ®

C

 

 

Dalyrian

 

 

C

 

 

Decosta

 

 

C

 

 

Jonagold Boerekamp

 

Early Queen ®

C

 

 

Jonagold Novajo

Veulemanns

 

C

 

 

Jonagored

 

Morren's Jonagored ®

C

 

 

Jonagored Supra

 

Morren's Jonagored ® Supra ®

C

 

 

Red Jonaprince

 

Wilton's ®, Red Prince ®

C

 

 

Rubinstar

 

 

C

 

 

Schneica

Jonica

 

C

 

 

Vivista

 

 

C

 

Jonathan

 

 

 

B

 

Karmijn de Sonnaville

 

 

 

C

R

La Flamboyante

 

 

Mairac ®

B

 

Laxton's Superb

 

 

 

C

R

Ligol

 

 

 

B

 

Lobo

 

 

 

B

 

Lurefresh

 

 

Redlove ® Era ®

A

 

Lureprec

 

 

Redlove ® Circe ®

A

 

Luregust

 

 

Redlove ® Calypso ®

A

 

Luresweet

 

 

Redlove ® Odysso ®

A

 

Maigold

 

 

 

B

 

Maribelle

 

 

Lola ®

B

 

McIntosh

 

 

 

B

 

Melrose

 

 

 

C

 

Milwa

 

 

Diwa ®, Junami ®

B

 

Moonglo

 

 

 

C

 

Morgenduft

 

Imperatore

 

B

 

Mountain Cove

 

 

Ginger Gold ™

D

 

Mutsu

 

Crispin

 

D

 

Newton

 

 

 

C

 

Nicogreen

 

 

Greenstar ®

D

 

Nicoter

 

 

Kanzi ®

B

 

Northern Spy

 

 

 

C

 

Ohrin

 

Orin

 

D

 

Paula Red

 

 

 

B

 

Pinova

 

 

Corail ®

C

 

 

RoHo 3615

 

Evelina ®

B

 

Piros

 

 

 

C

 

Plumac

 

 

Koru ®

B

 

Prem A153

 

 

Lemonade ®, Honeymoon ®

C

 

Prem A17

 

 

Smitten ®

C

 

Prem A280

 

 

Sweetie™

B

 

Prem A96

 

 

Rockit ™

B

M

Rafzubin

 

 

Rubinette ®

C

 

 

Rafzubex

 

Rubinette ® Rosso

A

 

Rajka

 

 

Rezista Romelike ®

B

 

Red Delicious

 

Rouge américaine

 

A

 

 

Campsur

 

Red Chief ®

A

 

 

Erovan

 

Early Red One ®

A

 

 

Evasni

 

Scarlet Spur ®

A

 

 

Stark Delicious

 

 

A

 

 

Starking

 

 

C

 

 

Starkrimson

 

 

A

 

 

Starkspur

 

 

A

 

 

Topred

 

 

A

 

 

Trumdor

 

Oregon Spur Delicious ®

A

 

Reine des Reinettes

 

Gold Parmoné, Goldparmäne

 

C

V

Reinette grise du Canada

 

Graue Kanadarenette, Renetta Canada

 

D

R

Rome Beauty

 

Belle de Rome, Rome, Rome Sport

 

B

 

Rubin

 

 

 

C

 

Rubinola

 

 

 

B

 

Šampion

 

Shampion, Champion, Szampion

 

B

 

 

Reno 2

 

 

A

 

 

Šampion Arno

Szampion Arno

 

A

 

Santana

 

 

 

B

 

Sciearly

 

 

Pacific Beauty ™

A

 

Scifresh

 

 

Jazz ™

B

 

Sciglo

 

 

Southern Snap ™

A

 

Scilate

 

 

Envy ®

B

 

Sciray

 

GS48

 

A

 

Scired

 

 

Pacific Queen ™

A

R

Sciros

 

 

Pacific Rose ™

A

 

Senshu

 

 

 

C

 

Spartan

 

 

 

A

 

Stayman

 

 

 

B

 

Summerred

 

 

 

B

 

Sunrise

 

 

 

A

 

Sunset

 

 

 

D

R

Suntan

 

 

 

D

R

Sweet Caroline

 

 

 

C

 

Topaz

 

 

 

B

 

Tydeman's Early Worcester

 

Tydeman's Early

 

B

 

Tsugaru

 

 

 

C

 

UEB32642

 

 

Opal ®

D

 

Worcester Pearmain

 

 

 

B

 

York

 

 

 

B

 

Zari

 

 

 

B

 

PART 2:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR CITRUS FRUIT

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to citrus fruit of varieties (cultivars) grown from the following species, to be supplied fresh to the consumer, citrus fruit for industrial processing being excluded:

lemons grown from the species Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. and hybrids thereof,

mandarins grown from the species Citrus reticulata Blanco, including satsumas (Citrus unshiu Marcow), clementines (Citrus clementina hort. ex Tanaka), common mandarins (Citrus deliciosa Ten.) and tangerines (Citrus tangerina Tanaka) grown from these species and hybrids thereof,

oranges grown from the species Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck and hybrids thereof.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for citrus fruit after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the citrus fruit must be:

intact,

free of bruising and/or extensive healed overcuts,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of signs of shrivelling and dehydration,

free of damage caused by low temperature or frost,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the citrus fruit must be such as to enable it:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The citrus fruit must have reached an appropriate degree of development and ripeness, account being taken of criteria proper to the variety, the time of picking and the growing area.

Maturity of citrus fruit is defined by the following parameters specified for each species below:

minimum juice content,

minimum sugar/acid ratio (13),

colouring.

The degree of colouring shall be such that following normal development the citrus fruit reach the colour typical of the variety at their destination point.

 

Minimum juice content (per cent)

Minimum sugar/acid ratio

Colouring

Lemons

20

 

Must be typical of the variety. Fruit with a green (but not dark green) colour is allowed, provided it satisfies the minimum requirements as to juice content

Satsumas, clementines, other mandarin varieties and their hybrids

Satsumas

33

6,5:1

Must be typical of the variety on at least one third of the surface of the fruit

Clementines

40

7,0:1

Other mandarin varieties and their hybrids

33

7,5:1 (14)

Oranges

Blood oranges

30

6,5:1

Must be typical of the variety. However, fruit with light green colour not exceeding one fifth of the total surface area of the fruit is allowed, provided it satisfies the minimum requirements as to juice content.

Oranges produced in areas with high temperatures and high relative humidity conditions during the developing period having a green colour exceeding one fifth of the surface area of the fruit are allowed, provided they satisfy the minimum requirements as to juice content.

Navels group

33

6,5:1

Other varieties

35

6,5:1

Mosambi, Sathgudi and Pacitan with more than one fifth green colour

33

 

Other varieties with more than one fifth green colour

45

 

Citrus fruit meeting these maturity requirements may be “degreened”. This treatment is only permitted if the other natural organoleptic characteristics are not modified.

C.   Classification

Citrus fruit is classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Citrus fruit in this class must be of superior quality. It must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

It must be free from defects, with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Citrus fruit in this class must be of good quality. It must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

slight defects in colouring, including slight sunburn,

slight progressive skin defects, provided they do not affect the flesh,

slight skin defects occurring during the formation of the fruit, such as silver scurfs, russets or pest damage,

slight healed defects due to a mechanical cause such as hail damage, rubbing or damage from handling,

slight and partial detachment of the peel (or rind) for all fruit of the mandarin group.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes citrus fruit which does not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfies the minimum requirements specified above.

The following defects may be allowed, provided the citrus fruit retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in colouring, including sunburn,

progressive skin defects, provided they do not affect the flesh,

skin defects occurring during the formation of the fruit, such as silver scurfs, russets or pest damage,

healed defects due to a mechanical cause such as hail damage, rubbing or damage from handling,

superficial healed skin alterations,

rough skin,

a slight and partial detachment of the peel (or rind) for oranges and a partial detachment of the peel (or rind) for all fruit of the mandarin group.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section of the fruit or by count.

A.   Minimum size

The following minimum sizes apply:

Fruit

Diameter (mm)

Lemons

45

Satsumas, other mandarin varieties and hybrids

45

Clementines

35

Oranges

53

B.   Uniformity

Citrus fruit may be sized by one of the following options:

(a)

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

10 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is < 60 mm

15 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is ≥ 60 mm but < 80 mm

20 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is ≥ 80 mm but < 110 mm

there is no limitation of difference in diameter for fruit ≥ 110 mm.

(b)

When size codes are applied, the codes and ranges in the following tables must be respected:

 

Size code

Diameter (mm)

Lemons

 

0

79 - 90

 

1

72 - 83

 

2

68 - 78

 

3

63 - 72

 

4

58 - 67

 

5

53 - 62

 

6

48 - 57

 

7

45 - 52

Satsumas, clementines, and other mandarin varieties and hybrids

 

1 - XXX

78 and above

 

1 - XX

67 - 78

 

1 or 1 - X

63 - 74

 

2

58 - 69

 

3

54 - 64

 

4

50 - 60

 

5

46 - 56

 

6 (15)

43 - 52

 

7

41 - 48

 

8

39 - 46

 

9

37 - 44

 

10

35 - 42

Oranges

 

0

92 – 110

 

1

87 – 100

 

2

84 – 96

 

3

81 – 92

 

4

77 – 88

 

5

73 – 84

 

6

70 – 80

 

7

67 – 76

 

8

64 – 73

 

9

62 – 70

 

10

60 – 68

 

11

58 – 66

 

12

56 – 63

 

13

53 – 60

Uniformity in size is achieved by the above-mentioned size scales, unless otherwise stated as follows:

For fruit in bulk bins and fruit in sales packages of a maximum net weight of 5 kg, the maximum difference must not exceed the range obtained by grouping three consecutive sizes in the size scale.

(c)

For fruit sized by count, the difference in size should be consistent with (a).

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance, not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance, not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance, not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit corresponding to the size immediately below and/or above that (or those, in the case of the combination of three sizes) mentioned on the packages is allowed.

In any case, the tolerance of 10 % applies only to fruit not smaller than the following minima:

Fruit

Diameter (mm)

Lemons

43

Satsumas, other mandarin varieties and hybrids

43

Clementines

34

Oranges

50

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only citrus fruit of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality and size, and appreciably of the same degree of ripeness and development.

In addition, for the “Extra” Class, uniformity in colouring is required.

However, a mixture of citrus fruit of distinctly different species may be packed together in a sales package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each species concerned, in variety or commercial type and origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The citrus fruit must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

If the fruit is wrapped, thin, dry, new and odourless (16) paper must be used.

The use of any substance tending to modify the natural characteristics of the citrus fruit, especially its taste or smell (17), is prohibited.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter. However, a presentation where a short (not wooden) twig with some green leaves adheres to the fruit is allowed.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (18) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Lemons”, “Mandarins” or “Oranges” if the produce is not visible from the outside.

“Mixture of citrus fruit” or equivalent denomination and common names of the different species, in case of a mixture of citrus fruit of distinctly different species.

For oranges, name of the variety, and/or the respective variety group in the case of “Navels”, and “Valencias”.

For “Satsumas” and “Clementines”, the common name of the species is required and the name of the variety is optional.

For other mandarins and hybrids thereof, the name of the variety is required.

For lemons: the name of the variety is optional.

“Seeded” in case of clementines with more than 10 seeds.

“Seedless” (optional, seedless citrus fruit may occasionally contain seeds).

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (19) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of citrus fruit of distinctly different species of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the species concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size expressed as:

Minimum and maximum sizes (in mm) or

Size code(s) followed, optionally, by a minimum and maximum size or

Count.

When used, mention of the preserving agent or other chemical substances used at post-harvest stage.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 3:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR KIWIFRUIT

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to kiwifruit (also known as Actinidia or kiwi) of varieties (cultivars) grown from Actinidia chinensis Planch. and Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.), C.F. Liang and A.R. Ferguson to be supplied fresh to the consumer, kiwifruit for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for kiwifruit, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the kiwifruit must be:

intact (but free of peduncle),

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

adequately firm; not soft, shrivelled or water-soaked,

well formed, double/multiple fruit being excluded,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the kiwifruit must be such as to enable it:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Minimum maturity requirements

The kiwifruit must be sufficiently developed and display satisfactory ripeness.

In order to satisfy this requirement, the fruit at packing must have attained a degree of ripeness of at least 6,2° Brix (20) or an average dry matter content of 15 %, which should lead to 9,5° Brix (20) when entering the distribution chain.

C.   Classification

Kiwifruit is classified in three classes as defined below.

(i)   “Extra” Class

Kiwifruit in this class must be of superior quality. It must be characteristics of the variety.

The fruit must be firm and the flesh must be perfectly sound.

It must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

The ratio of the minimum/maximum diameter of the fruit measured at the equatorial section must be 0,8 or greater.

(ii)   Class I

Kiwifruit in this class must be of good quality. It must be characteristic of the variety.

The fruit must be firm and the flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape (but free of swelling or malformations),

slight defects in colouring,

slight skin defects, provided the total area affected does not exceed 1 cm2,

small “Hayward mark” like longitudinal lines and without protuberance.

The ratio of the minimum/maximum diameter of the fruit measured at the equatorial section must be 0,7 or greater.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes kiwifruit that does not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfies the minimum requirements specified above.

The fruit must be reasonably firm and the flesh should not show any serious defects.

The following defects may be allowed provided the kiwifruit retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in colouring,

skin defects such as small healed cuts or scarred/grazed tissue, provided that the total area affected does not exceed 2 cm2,

several more pronounced “Hayward marks” with a slight protuberance,

slight bruising.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the weight of the fruit.

The minimum weight for “Extra” Class is 90 g, for Class I is 70 g and for Class II is 65 g.

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

10 g for fruit of weight up to 85 g,

15 g for fruit weighing between 85 g and 120 g,

20 g for fruit weighing between 120 g and 150 g,

40 g for fruit weighing 150 g or more.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of kiwifruit not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of kiwifruit not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of kiwifruit satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 %, by number or weight, of kiwifruit not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

However, the kiwifruit must not weigh less than 85 g in “Extra” Class, 67 g in Class I and 62 g in Class II.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only kiwifruit of the same origin, variety, quality and size.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The kiwifruit must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps, bearing trade specifications is allowed, provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed to the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (21) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Kiwifruit” and/or “Actinidia”, if the contents are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety (optional).

Flesh colour or equivalent indication, if not green.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (22) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size expressed by the minimum and maximum weight of the fruit.

Number of fruits (optional).

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 4:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR LETTUCES, CURLED-LEAVED ENDIVES AND BROAD-LEAVED (BATAVIAN) ENDIVES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to

lettuces of varieties (cultivars) grown from:

Lactuca sativa var. capitata L. (head lettuces including crisphead and “Iceberg” type lettuces),

Lactuca sativa var. longifolia Lam. (cos or romaine lettuces),

Lactuca sativa var. crispa L. (leaf lettuces),

crosses of these varieties and

curled-leaved endives of varieties (cultivars) grown from Cichorium endivia var. crispum Lam. and

broad-leaved (Batavian) endives (escaroles) of varieties (cultivars) grown from Cichorium endivia var. latifolium Lam.

to be supplied fresh to the consumer.

This standard does not apply to produce for industrial processing, produce presented as individual leaves, lettuces with root ball or lettuces in pots.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for produce, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the produce must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean and trimmed, i.e. practically free from all earth or other growing medium and practically free of any visible foreign matter,

fresh in appearance,

practically free from pests,

practically free from damage caused by pests,

turgescent,

not running to seed,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

In the case of lettuce, a reddish discolouration, caused by low temperature during growth, is allowed, unless it seriously affects the appearance of the lettuce.

The roots must be cut close to the base of the outer leaves and the cut must be neat.

The produce must be of normal development. The development and condition of the produce must be such as to enable it:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in a satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Classification

The produce is classified in two classes, as defined below:

(i)   Class I

Produce in this class must be of good quality. It must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

The produce must also be:

well formed,

firm, taking into account the cultivation methods and the type of produce,

free from damage or deterioration impairing edibility,

free from frost damage.

Head lettuces must have a single well-formed heart. However, in the case of head lettuces grown under protection, the heart may be small.

Cos lettuces must have a heart, which may be small.

The centre of curled-leaved endives and broad-leaved (Batavian) endives must be yellow in colour.

(ii)   Class II

This class includes produce which do not qualify for inclusion in Class I, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The produce must be:

reasonably well-formed,

free from damage and deterioration which may seriously impair edibility.

The following defects may be allowed provided the produce retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

slight discolouration,

slight damage caused by pests.

Head lettuces must have a heart, which may be small. However, in the case of head lettuces grown under protection, absence of heart is permissible.

Cos lettuces may show no heart.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the weight of one unit.

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

Lettuces

40 g when the lightest unit weighs less than 150 g per unit,

100 g when the lightest unit weighs between 150 g and 300 g per unit,

150 g when the lightest unit weighs between 300 g and 450 g per unit,

300 g when the lightest unit weighs more than 450 g per unit.

(b)

Curled-leaved and broad-leaved (Batavian) endives

300 g.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(ii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only produce of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality and size.

However, a mixture of lettuces and/or endives of distinctly different, varieties, commercial types and/or colours may be packed together in a package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety, commercial type and/or colour, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The produce must be packed in such a way as to protect it properly. It must be reasonably packed having regard to the size and type of packaging, without empty spaces or crushing.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed, provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (23) must bear the following particulars in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Lettuces”, “butterhead lettuces”, “batavia”, “crisphead lettuces (Iceberg)”, “cos lettuces”, “leaf lettuce” (or, for example and where appropriate, “Oak leaf”, “Lollo bionda”, “Lollo rossa”),“curled-leaved endives”, “broad-leaved (Batavian) endives”, or equivalent denomination if the contents are not visible from the outside.

“Grown under protection”, or equivalent denomination where appropriate.

Name of the variety (optional).

“Mixture of lettuces/endives”, or equivalent denomination in the case of a mixture of lettuces and/or endives of distinctly different varieties, commercial types and/or colours. If the produce is not visible from the outside, the varieties, commercial types and/or colours, and the quantity of each in the package must be indicated.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (24) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of lettuces and/or endives of distinctly different varieties, commercial types and/or colours of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety, commercial type and/or colour concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class

Size, expressed by the minimum weight per unit, or number of units

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 5:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR PEACHES AND NECTARINES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to peaches and nectarines of varieties (cultivars) grown from Prunus persica Sieb. and Zucc., to be supplied fresh to the consumer, peaches and nectarines for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for peaches and nectarines, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, peaches and nectarines must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of fruit split at the stalk cavity,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of peaches and nectarines must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The fruit must be sufficiently developed and display satisfactory ripeness. The minimum refractometric index of the flesh should be greater than or equal to 8° Brix (25).

C.   Classification

Peaches and nectarines are classified into three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Peaches and nectarines in this class must be of a superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety.

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided that these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Peaches and nectarines in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety. The flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

a slight defect in development,

slight defects in colouring,

slight pressure marks not exceeding 1cm2 in total surface area,

slight skin defects which must not extend over more than:

1,5 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

1 cm2 in total surface area for other defects.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes peaches and nectarines which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The flesh must be free from major defects.

The following defects may be allowed provided the peaches and nectarines retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in development, including split stones, provided the fruit is closed and the flesh is sound,

defects in colouring,

bruises which may be slightly discoloured and not exceeding 2 cm2 in total surface area,

skin defects which must not extend over more than

2,5 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

2 cm2 in total surface area for other defects.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined either by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section, by weight, or by count.

The minimum size shall be:

56 mm or 85 g in Class “Extra”,

51 mm or 65 g in Classes I and II.

However, fruit below 56 mm or 85 g, is not marketed in the period from 1 July to 31 October (northern hemisphere) and from 1 January to 30 April (southern hemisphere).

The following provisions are optional for Class II.

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

For fruit sized by diameter:

5 mm for fruit below 70 mm,

10 mm for fruit of 70 mm and more.

(b)

For fruit sized by weight:

30 g for fruit below 180 g,

80 g for fruit of 180 g and more.

(c)

For fruit sized by count, the difference in size should be consistent with (a) or (b).

If size codes are applied, those in the table below have to be respected.

 

code

Diameter

 

weight

from

To

from

to

(mm)

(mm)

(g)

(g)

1

D

51

56

or

65

85

2

C

56

61

85

105

3

B

61

67

105

135

4

A

67

73

135

180

5

AA

73

80

180

220

6

AAA

80

90

220

300

7

AAAA

> 90

> 300

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements for the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes (if sized): a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only peaches or nectarines of the same origin, variety, quality, degree of ripeness and size (if sized), and for the “Extra” Class, the contents must also be uniform in colouring.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The peaches or nectarines must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed to the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defect.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (26) must bear the following particulars in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Peaches” or “Nectarines”, if the contents are not visible from the outside.

Colour of the flesh.

Name of the variety (optional).

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (27) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size (if sized) expressed as minimum and maximum diameters (in mm) or minimum and maximum weights (in g) or as size code.

Number of units (optional).

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 6:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR PEARS

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to pears of varieties (cultivars) grown from Pyrus communis L. to be supplied fresh to the consumer, pears for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for pears, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, pears must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the pears must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The development and state of maturity of the pears must be such as to enable them to continue their ripening process and to reach the degree of ripeness required in relation to the varietal characteristics.

C.   Classification

Pears are classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Pears in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety (28).

The flesh must be perfectly sound, and the skin free from rough russeting.

They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects provided these do not affect the general appearance of the fruit, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

The stalk must be intact.

Pears must not be gritty.

(ii)   Class I

Pears in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety. (29)

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

a slight defect in development,

slight defects in colouring,

very slight rough russeting,

slight skin defects which must not extend over more than:

2 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

1 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia pirina and V. inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 0,25 cm2 cumulative in area.

slight bruising not exceeding 1 cm2 in area.

The stalk may be slightly damaged.

Pears must not be gritty.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes pears that do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The flesh must be free from major defects.

The following defects may be allowed provided the pears retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation.

defects in shape,

defects in development,

defects in colouring,

slight rough russeting,

skin defects which must not extend over more than:

4 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

2,5 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia pirina and V. inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 1 cm2 cumulative in area,

slight bruising not exceeding 2 cm2 in area.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by maximum diameter of the equatorial section or by weight.

The minimum size shall be:

(a)

For fruit sized by diameter:

 

“Extra”

Class I

Class II

Large-fruited varieties

60 mm

55 mm

55 mm

Other varieties

55 mm

50 mm

45 mm

(b)

For fruit sized by weight:

 

“Extra”

Class I

Class II

Large-fruited varieties

130 g

110 g

110 g

Other varieties

110 g

100 g

75 g

Summer pears included in the appendix to this standard do not have to respect the minimum size.

To ensure the uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

For fruit sized by diameter:

5 mm for “Extra” Class fruit and for Class I and II fruit packed in rows and layers

10 mm for Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package.

(b)

For fruit sized by weight:

for “Extra” Class fruit and Class I and II fruit packed in rows and layers:

Range (g)

Weight difference (g)

75 – 100

15

100 – 200

35

200 – 250

50

> 250

80

for Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package:

Range (g)

Weight difference (g)

100 – 200

50

> 200

100

There is no sizing uniformity limit for Class II fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of pears not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of pears not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of pears satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of pears not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed. This tolerance may not be extended to include produce with a size:

5 mm or more below the minimum diameter

10 g or more below the minimum weight.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only pears of the same origin, variety, quality, and size (if sized) and the same degree of ripeness.

In the case of the “Extra” Class, uniformity also applies to colouring.

However, a mixture of pears of distinctly different varieties may be packed together in a sales package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety concerned, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

Pears must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (30) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Pears”, if the contents of the package are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety. In the case of a mixture of pears of distinctly different varieties, names of the different varieties.

The name of the variety may be replaced by a synonym. A trade name (31) may only be given in addition to the variety or the synonym.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (32) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of distinctly different varieties of pears of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size, or for fruit packed in rows and layers, number of units.

If identification is by the size, this should be expressed:

(a)

for produce subject to the uniformity rules, as minimum and maximum diameters or minimum and maximum weights,

(b)

optionally, for produce not subject to the uniformity rules, as the diameter or the weight of the smallest fruit in the package followed by “and over” or equivalent denomination or, where appropriate, the diameter or the weight of the largest fruit in the package.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

‘Appendix

Non-exhaustive list of large-fruited and summer pear varieties

Small-fruited and other varieties which do not appear in the table may be marketed as long as they meet the size requirements for other varieties as described in Section III of the standard.

Some of the varieties listed in the following table may be marketed under names for which trade mark protection has been sought or obtained in one or more countries. The first and second columns of the table do not intend to include such trade marks. References to known trade marks have been included in the third column for information only.

Legend:

L

=

Large-fruited variety

SP

=

Summer pear, for which no minimum size is required.

Variety

Synonyms

Trade marks

Size

Abbé Fétel

Abate Fetel

 

L

Abugo o Siete en Boca

 

 

SP

AkVa

 

 

SP

Alka

 

 

L

Alsa

 

 

L

Amfora

 

 

L

Alexandrine Douillard

 

 

L

Bambinella

 

 

SP

Bergamotten

 

 

SP

Beurré Alexandre Lucas

Lucas

 

L

Beurré Bosc

Bosc, Beurré d'Apremont, Empereur Alexandre, Kaiser Alexander

 

L

Beurré Clairgeau

 

 

L

Beurré d'Arenberg

Hardenpont

 

L

Beurré Giffard

 

 

SP

Beurré précoce Morettini

Morettini

 

SP

Blanca de Aranjuez

Agua de Aranjuez, Espadona, Blanquilla

 

SP

Carusella

 

 

SP

Castell

Castell de Verano

 

SP

Colorée de Juillet

Bunte Juli

 

SP

Comice rouge

 

 

L

Concorde

 

 

L

Condoula

 

 

SP

Coscia

Ercolini

 

SP

Curé

Curato, Pastoren, Del cura de Ouro, Espadon de invierno, Bella de Berry, Lombardia de Rioja, Batall de Campana

 

L

D'Anjou

 

 

L

Dita

 

 

L

D. Joaquina

Doyenné de Juillet

 

SP

Doyenné d'hiver

Winterdechant

 

L

Doyenné du Comice

Comice, Vereinsdechant

 

L

Erika

 

 

L

Etrusca

 

 

SP

Flamingo

 

 

L

Forelle

 

 

L

Général Leclerc

 

Amber Grace ™

L

Gentile

 

 

SP

Golden Russet Bosc

 

 

L

Grand champion

 

 

L

Harrow Delight

 

 

L

Jeanne d'Arc

 

 

L

Joséphine

 

 

L

Kieffer

 

 

L

Klapa Mīlule

 

 

L

Leonardeta

Mosqueruela, Margallon, Colorada de Alcanadre, Leonarda de Magallon

 

SP

Lombacad

 

Cascade ®

L

Moscatella

 

 

SP

Mramornaja

 

 

L

Mustafabey

 

 

SP

Packham's Triumph

Williams d'Automne

 

L

Passe Crassane

Passa Crassana

 

L

Perita de San Juan

 

 

SP

Pérola

 

 

SP

Pitmaston

Williams Duchesse

 

L

Précoce de Trévoux

Trévoux

 

SP

Président Drouard

 

 

L

Rosemarie

 

 

L

Santa Maria

Santa Maria Morettini

 

SP

Spadoncina

Agua de Verano, Agua de Agosto

 

SP

Suvenirs

 

 

L

Taylors Gold

 

 

L

Triomphe de Vienne

 

 

L

Vasarine Sviestine

 

 

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Williams Bon Chrétien

Bon Chrétien, Bartlett, Williams, Summer Bartlett

 

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PART 7:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR STRAWBERRIES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to strawberries of varieties (cultivars) grown from the genus Fragaria L. to be supplied fresh to the consumer, strawberries for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for strawberries, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the strawberries must be:

intact, undamaged,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

fresh in appearance, but not washed,

practically free from pests,

practically free from damage caused by pests,

with the calyx (except in the case of wood strawberries); the calyx and the stalk (if present) must be fresh and green,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The strawberries must be sufficiently developed and display satisfactory ripeness. The development and the condition must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Classification

The strawberries are classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

The strawberries in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety.

They must be:

bright in appearance, allowing for the characteristics of the variety,

free from soil.

They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Strawberries in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

presence of a small white patch, not exceeding one tenth of the total surface area of the fruit,

slight superficial pressure marks.

They must be practically free from soil.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes strawberries that do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The following defects may be allowed provided the strawberries retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

a white patch not exceeding one fifth of the total surface area of the fruit,

slight dry bruising not likely to spread,

slight traces of soil.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section.

The minimum size shall be:

25 mm in “Extra” Class,

18 mm in Classes I and II.

There is no minimum size for wood strawberries.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of strawberries not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of strawberries not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of strawberries satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of strawberries not satisfying the requirements as regards the minimum size is allowed.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only strawberries of the same origin, variety and quality.

In the “Extra” Class, strawberries, with the exception of wood strawberries, must be particularly uniform and regular with respect to degree of ripeness, colour and size. In Class I, strawberries may be less uniform in size.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The strawberries must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (33) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Strawberries” if the contents of the package are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety (optional).

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (34) and, optionally, district where grown or national, regional or local place name.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 8:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR SWEET PEPPERS

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to sweet peppers of varieties (35) (cultivars) grown from Capsicum annuum L., to be supplied fresh to the consumer, sweet peppers for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for sweet peppers, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the sweet peppers must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

fresh in appearance,

firm,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of damage caused by low temperature or frost,

with peduncles attached; the peduncle must be neatly cut and the calyx be intact,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the sweet peppers must be such as to enable them to:

withstand transport and handling, and

arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Classification

Sweet peppers are classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Sweet peppers in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

They must be free from defects, with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Sweet peppers in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

slight silvering or damage caused by thrips covering not more than 1/3 of the total surface area,

slight skin defects, such as:

pitting, scratching, sunburn, pressure marks covering in total not more than 2 cm for defects of elongated shape, and 1cm2 for other defects; or

dry superficial cracks covering in total not more than 1/8 of the total surface area,

slightly damaged peduncle.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes sweet peppers which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The following defects may be allowed provided the sweet peppers retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

silvering or damage caused by thrips covering not more than 2/3 of the total surface area,

skin defects, such as:

pitting, scratching, sunburn, bruising, and healed injuries covering in total not more than 4 cm in length for defects of elongated shape and 2,5 cm2 of the total area for other defects; or

dry superficial cracks covering in total not more than 1/4 of the total surface area

blossom end deterioration not more than 1 cm2,

shrivelling not exceeding 1/3 of the surface,

damaged peduncle and calyx, provided the surrounding flesh remains intact.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section or by weight. To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

For sweet peppers sized by diameter:

20 mm.

(b)

For sweet peppers sized by weight:

30 g where the heaviest piece weighs 180 g or less,

80 g where the lightest piece weighs more than 180 g but less than 260 g,

No limit where the lightest piece weighs 260 g or more.

Elongated sweet peppers should be sufficiently uniform in length.

Uniformity in size is not compulsory for Class II.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of sweet peppers not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of sweet peppers not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of sweet peppers satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes (if sized): a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of sweet peppers not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only sweet peppers of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality, size (if sized) and, in the case of Classes “Extra” and I, of appreciably the same degree of ripeness and colouring.

However, a mixture of sweet peppers of distinctly different commercial types and/or colours may be packed together in a package, provided they are uniform in quality, and for each commercial type and/or colour concerned, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The sweet peppers must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed, provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defect.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (36) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Sweet peppers” if the contents are not visible from the outside.

“Mixture of sweet peppers”, or equivalent denomination, in the case of a mixture of distinctly different commercial types and/or colours of sweet peppers. If the produce is not visible from the outside, the commercial types and/or colours and the quantity of each in the package must be indicated.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (37) and, optionally, district where grown or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of distinctly different commercial types and/or colours of sweet peppers of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the commercial type and/or colour concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size (if sized) expressed as minimum and maximum diameters or minimum and maximum weights.

Number of units (optional).

“Hot” or equivalent denomination, where appropriate.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 9:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR TABLE GRAPES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to table grapes of varieties (cultivars) grown from Vitis vinifera L. to be supplied fresh to the consumer, table grapes for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for table grapes, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, bunches and berries must be:

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

practically free from damage caused by pests,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

In addition, berries must be:

intact,

well formed,

normally developed.

Pigmentation due to sun is not a defect.

The development and condition of the table grapes must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The juice of the fruit shall have a refractometric index (38) of at least:

12° Brix for the Alphonse Lavallée, Cardinal and Victoria varieties,

13° Brix for all other seeded varieties,

14° Brix for all seedless varieties.

In addition, all varieties must have satisfactory sugar/acidity ratio levels.

C.   Classification

The table grapes are classified into three classes defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Table grapes in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety, allowing for the district in which they are grown.

Berries must be firm, firmly attached, evenly spaced along the stalk and have their bloom virtually intact.

They must be free from defects, with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Table grapes in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety, allowing for the district in which they are grown.

Berries must be firm, firmly attached and, as far as possible, have their bloom intact. They may, however, be less evenly spaced along the stalk than in the “Extra” Class.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality, and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

slight defects in colouring,

very slight sun scorch affecting the skin only.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes table grapes that do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The bunches may show slight defects in shape, development and colouring, provided these do not impair the essential characteristics of the variety, allowing for the district in which they are grown.

The berries must be sufficiently firm and sufficiently firmly attached, and, where possible, still have their bloom. They may be less evenly spaced along the stalk than in Class I.

The following defects may be allowed provided the table grapes retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in colouring,

slight sun scorch affecting the skin only,

slight bruising,

slight skin defects.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNIG SIZING

Size is determined by the weight of the bunch.

The minimum bunch weight shall be 75 g. This provision does not apply to packages intended for single servings.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by weight, of bunches not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those for Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by weight, of bunches not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

In addition to those tolerances, a maximum of 10 per cent, by weight, of loose berries, i.e. berries detached from the bunch/cluster, are allowed provided that the berries are sound and intact.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by weight, of bunches satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

In addition to those tolerances, a maximum of 10 per cent, by weight, of loose berries, i.e. berries detached from the bunch/cluster, are allowed provided that the berries are sound and intact.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by weight, of bunches not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed. In each sales package, one bunch weighing less than 75 g is allowed to adjust the weight, provided the bunch meets all other requirements of the specified class.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only bunches of the same origin, variety, quality and degree of ripeness.

In the case of the “Extra” Class, the bunches must be approximately uniform in size and colouring.

However, a mixture of table grapes of distinctly different varieties may be packed together in a package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety concerned, in origin.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The table grapes must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly paper or stamps, bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter, although a fragment of vine shoot no more than 5 cm in length may be left on the stem of the bunch as a form of special presentation.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (39) must bear the following particulars in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Table Grapes” if the contents are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety. In the case of a mixture of table grapes of distinctly different varieties, names of the different varieties.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (40) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of distinctly different varieties of table grapes of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

“Bunches below 75 g intended for single servings”, where appropriate.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 10:   MARKETING STANDARD FOR TOMATOES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to tomatoes of varieties (cultivars) grown from Solanum lycopersicum L. to be supplied fresh to the consumer, tomatoes for industrial processing being excluded.

Tomatoes may be classified into four commercial types:

“round”,

“ribbed”,

“oblong” or “elongated”,

“cherry/cocktail” tomatoes (miniature varieties) of all shapes.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for tomatoes, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the tomatoes must be:

intact,

sound, produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

fresh in appearance,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

In the case of trusses of tomatoes, the stalks must be fresh, healthy, clean and free from all leaves and any visible foreign matter.

The development and condition of the tomatoes must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The development and state of maturity of the tomatoes must be such as to enable them to continue their ripening process and to reach a satisfactory degree of ripeness.

C.   Classification

Tomatoes are classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Tomatoes in this class must be of superior quality. They must be firm and characteristic of the variety.

They must be free from greenbacks and other defects, with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Tomatoes in this class must be of good quality. They must be reasonably firm and characteristic of the variety.

They must be free of cracks and visible greenbacks.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape and development,

slight defects in colouring,

slight skin defects,

very slight bruises.

Furthermore, “ribbed” tomatoes may show:

healed cracks not more than 1 cm long,

no excessive protuberances,

small umbilicus, but no suberisation,

suberisation of the stigma up to 1 cm2,

fine blossom scar in elongated form (like a seam), but not longer than two-thirds of the greatest diameter of the fruit.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes tomatoes which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

They must be reasonably firm (but may be slightly less firm than in Class I) and must not show unhealed cracks.

The following defects may be allowed provided the tomatoes retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape and development,

defects in colouring,

skin defects or bruises, provided the fruit is not seriously affected,

healed cracks not more than 3 cm in length for round, ribbed or oblong tomatoes.

Furthermore, “ribbed” tomatoes may show:

more pronounced protuberances than allowed under Class I, but without being misshapen,

an umbilicus,

suberisation of the stigma up to 2 cm2,

fine blossom scar in elongated form (like a seam).

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section, by weight or by count.

The following provisions shall not apply to trusses of tomatoes and are optional for:

cherry and cocktail tomatoes below 40 mm in diameter;

ribbed tomatoes of irregular shape; and

Class II.

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

For tomatoes sized by diameter:

10 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is under 50 mm,

15 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is 50 mm and over but under 70 mm,

20 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is 70 mm and over but under 100 mm,

there is no limitation of difference in diameter for fruit equal or over 100 mm.

In case size codes are applied, the codes and ranges in the following table have to be respected:

Size code

Diameter (mm)

0

≤ 20

1

> 20 ≤ 25

2

> 25 ≤ 30

3

> 30 ≤ 35

4

> 35 ≤ 40

5

> 40 ≤ 47

6

> 47 ≤ 57

7

> 57 ≤ 67

8

> 67 ≤ 82

9

> 82 ≤ 102

10

> 102

(b)

For tomatoes sized by weight or by count, the difference in size should be consistent with the difference indicated in point (a).

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of tomatoes not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of tomatoes not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce neither satisfying the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

In the case of trusses of tomatoes, 5 percent, by number or weight, of tomatoes detached from the stalk is allowed.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of tomatoes satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

In the case of trusses of tomatoes, 10 percent, by number or weight, of tomatoes detached from the stalk is allowed.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of tomatoes not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only tomatoes of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality and size (if sized).

The ripeness and colouring of tomatoes in “Extra” Class and Class I must be practically uniform. In addition, the length of “oblong” tomatoes must be sufficiently uniform.

However, a mixture of tomatoes of distinctly different colours, varieties and/or commercial types may be packed together in a package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each colour, variety and/or commercial type concerned, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

Tomatoes must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed to the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruitshould not lead to flesh or skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (41) must bear the following particulars in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference “Packer and/or Dispatcher” (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention “Packed for:” or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Tomatoes” or “trusses of tomatoes” and the commercial type, or “cherry/cocktail tomatoes” or “trusses of cherry/cocktail tomatoes”) or equivalent denomination for other miniature varieties if the contents are not visible from the outside.

“Mixture of tomatoes”, or equivalent denomination, in the case of a mixture of distinctly different varieties, commercial types and/or colours of tomatoes. If the produce is not visible from the outside, the colours, varieties or commercial types and the quantity of each in the package must be indicated.