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Document 32018R2042

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2042 of 18 December 2018 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 to clarify the WLTP test conditions and provide for the monitoring of type approval data (Text with EEA relevance.)

C/2018/8457

OJ L 327, 21.12.2018, p. 53–57 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2018/2042/oj

21.12.2018   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 327/53


COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2018/2042

of 18 December 2018

amending Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 to clarify the WLTP test conditions and provide for the monitoring of type approval data

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2011 setting emission performance standards for new light commercial vehicles as part of the Union's integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles (1), and in particular the third subparagraph of Article 13(6) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

In order to take into account the difference in the level of CO2 emissions determined under the New European Test Cycle (NEDC) and those determined under the new Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), a methodology for correlating the CO2 emission values has been put in place through Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 (2) with regard to light commercial vehicles.

(2)

The correlation methodology is to deliver results that ensure that the reduction requirements set out in Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 are of comparable stringency under the old and the new test procedures. Approval authorities and technical services should therefore, together with manufacturers, strive to ensure that WLTP and NEDC tests that are carried out for the purpose of this Regulation are performed under test conditions that are comparable and coherent with the objectives of this Regulation.

(3)

For that purpose, it is necessary to clarify certain aspects of the WLTP test conditions that should apply for the correlations performed in view of providing WLTP and NEDC monitoring CO2 emissions data for vehicles newly registered in 2020. Those clarifications should apply without prejudice to the procedure and requirements set out in Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 (3) and without affecting the validity of any type approvals granted on that basis.

(4)

It is also necessary to determine the difference in 2020 between the CO2 emission values declared by the manufacturers for the purpose of the WLTP type approval with those measured pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151. Manufacturers should therefore be required to calculate and report to the Commission the WLTP CO2 values for all new light commercial vehicles registered in the calendar year 2020 using the measurement values for vehicle H and L as input to the interpolation method.

(5)

For a limited number of interpolation families, only vehicle H measurement values will be available in 2020. The number of those families should be closely monitored and the Commission should consider excluding those families from the calculation of the 2020 reference data, should there be a significant increase in the number of such families as compared to the 2018 situation.

(6)

The transparency in the emissions testing should be improved, and data on the WLTP tests as well as on the correlation results should therefore be made available to the Commission. This will allow the Commission to swiftly identify and address issues and possible inconsistencies relating to the implementation of the procedures. For that reason, the input data matrix should be completed for each WLTP test performed and be transmitted to the Commission in its entirety as part of the correlation tool data exchange. To ensure confidentiality, the input data file should be encrypted in view of its transmission.

(7)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Climate Change Committee,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 is amended as follows:

(1)

the following Article 6a is added:

‘Article 6a

Reporting of WLTP measurement results

1.   Manufacturers shall calculate the combined CO2 value for each new light commercial vehicle registered in 2020 in accordance with the formula set out in the second subparagraph of paragraph 3.2.3.2.4. of Sub-Annex 7 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, where the terms MCO2-H and MCO2-L shall, for the interpolation family concerned, be replaced by the values MCO2,C,5 taken from the entries 2.5.1.1.3 (vehicle H) and 2.5.1.2.3 (vehicle L) of the EC type-approval certificate, as indicated in the model set out in appendix 4 to Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

Where the combined CO2 emissions of the individual vehicle are determined by reference to vehicle H only, the manufacturers shall provide the MCO2,C,5 value taken from the entry 2.5.1.1.3 (vehicle H) of the EC type approval certificate.

The manufacturer shall submit those CO2 emission values, together with the MCO2,C,5 values used for the calculation, to the Commission at the latest three months following receipt of the notification by the Commission of the provisional data for 2020 by uploading that data on the manufacturer's account in the Business Data Repository of the European Environment Agency.

2.   Where the data referred to in paragraph 1 is not submitted within the deadline indicated, the Commission shall take the value recorded in entry 2.5.1.2.3 of the EC type-approval certificate and consider that value as the combined CO2 emissions for the purposes of paragraph 1 for all new registered vehicles in the interpolation family for which the type approval certificate was issued, and where applicable for those families where only vehicle H measurements are available.’;

(2)

Annex I is amended as follows:

(a)

the following points 2.2a. and 2.2.b. are inserted:

‘2.2a.   WLTP test conditions

In order for the WLTP test to be considered relevant in accordance with point 2.2 of Annex I to this Regulation and for the purpose of determining the input data set out in point 2.4, the test conditions set out in Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 shall apply with the following precisions:

(a)

The correction of the WLTP test results for CO2 mass emissions in accordance with Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 shall apply to all such test results notwithstanding the provisions in point 3.4.4.(a) of that Appendix;

(b)

Without prejudice to the requirements of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, if the test vehicle is fitted with technologies that influence its CO2 performance, including but not limited to those referred to in entries 42 to 50 of the input data matrix set out in point 2.4, and which are intended to function during the test, those technologies shall be operating during the vehicle test, regardless of the test procedure applied, i.e. NEDC or WLTP;

(c)

If the test vehicle is equipped with automated transmissions the same driver-selectable mode shall be used, regardless of the test procedure applied. Where the best-case and worst-case modes are used for the WLTP test in accordance with point 1.2(c) of Appendix 6 to Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, the worst case mode shall be used as input to the correlation tool as well as for any NEDC physical test;

(d)

If the test vehicle is equipped with manual transmissions, the term nmin_drive_set shall be as defined by the formula set out in point (k) (3) of paragraph 2 of Sub-Annex 2 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

With the approval of the approval authority or, where applicable, the technical service, the manufacturer may calculate the gear shifting points differently, provided that this is justified in view of the drivability of the vehicle, and that the additional power safety margin applied in accordance with point 3.4 of Sub-Annex 2 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 does not exceed 20 %.

The conditions referred to in points (a) to (d) shall apply for the purpose of the correlation performed pursuant to this Regulation, and shall be without prejudice to the provisions laid down in Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 and to the type approvals granted pursuant to that Regulation.

2.2b.   Applicability of the WLTP test conditions

The precisions referred to in point 2.2a.(a) to (d) shall apply in accordance with the following:

(a)

For new vehicle types, from the entry into force of this Regulation;

(b)

For existing vehicle types, manufacturers shall, with regard to those vehicle types that cover vehicles placed on the market in 2020, provide the approval authority with evidence on the basis of which the approval authority shall confirm whether the test conditions referred to in points (a) to (d) of point 2.2a. have been met in the WLTP approval tests.

The confirmation shall indicate the interpolation family identifier, and the confirmation with regard to each of the test conditions referred to in points (a) to (d). The approval authority shall issue the confirmation to the manufacturer and shall ensure that the confirmation is recorded and can be made available without delay at the request of the Commission.

Where the approval authority cannot confirm that one or more of the test conditions referred to have been complied with, the manufacturer shall ensure that a new WLTP test, or, where applicable, test series, in accordance with Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 are performed under the supervision of an approval authority or, where applicable, technical service, applying the test conditions set out in point 2.2a.(a) to (d), for the interpolation family in question, including a new correlation in accordance with this Regulation.

The manufacturer may, in the case where only the test condition referred to in point 2.2a.(a) is not met, correct that value in the input matrix without the need for a new WLTP test.

The approval authority or, where applicable, the designated technical service shall record the results of the re-testing or correction and the correlation in accordance with paragraph 5 of Annex I, and the complete correlation file based on the re-testing in-put data shall be transmitted to the Commission in accordance with point 3.1.1.2 by 30 April 2021 at the latest.’;

(b)

point 2.4 is amended as follows:

(i)

the following sentence is added to the first paragraph:

‘The in-put data matrix shall be filled in for each WLTP test performed.’;

(ii)

Table 1 is amended as follows:

in entry 56, the text in the column ‘Remarks’ is replaced by the following:

‘Array: OBD and chassis dynamometer data, 1Hz for OBD and 10Hz for the chassis dynamometer, resolution 0,1 km/h’,

in entry 57, the text in column ‘Remarks’ is replaced by the following:

‘Array: 1Hz. Theoretical calculated gear shift to be provided for vehicle H and L (if applicable)’,

in entry 61, the text in the column ‘Remarks’ is replaced by the following:

‘Array: 1Hz (sampling frequency of the instrument 20Hz), 0,1 A resolution, external measurement device synchronised with the chassis dynamometer’,

entry 67 is replaced by the following:

‘67

Ki Regenerative Factor multiplicative/additive for vehicle H and L

Appendix 1 to Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

For vehicles without periodically regenerating systems this value is equal to 1.’

the following new entries are added:

‘69

Fuel heating value

kWh/l

Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Value according to the Table A6.App2/1 in Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

70

Fuel consumption of WLTP test for vehicle H and L

l/100km

Paragraph 6 of Sub-Annex 7 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Non-balanced fuel consumption of Type 1 test

71

Nominal REESS voltage

V

According to DIN EN 60050-482

For low voltage battery as described in Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

72

ATCT family correction factor

Sub-Annex 6a to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

ATCT Family correction factor (14 °C correction)

73

Speed and distance correction of WLTP test

Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Correction performed?

0 = No | 1 = Yes

74

RCB correction of WLTP test

Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Correction performed?

0 = No | 1 = Yes

75

Number of the WLTP test

1, 2 or 3

 

Indicate whether the test data is taken from the first, second or third WLTP test

76

WLTP declared value for vehicle H and L

g/km

Manufacturer declaration

Declared value for WLTP vehicle H and L. Value to include all corrections (if applicable)

77

WLTP CO2 measured corrected for vehicle H and/or L

g/km

MCO2,C,5 values from appendix 4 to Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Combined measured CO2 emissions for vehicle H and L after all applicable corrections. In case of 2 and 3 WLTP tests all measured results shall be provided.

78

WLTP re-test

Point 2.2b.(b) of Annex I

Indicate which test conditions as referred to in point 2.2a.(a) to (d) of Annex I have been subject to re-testing

(c)

point 3.1.1.1. is amended as follows:

(i)

point (a) is deleted;

(ii)

in point (c), point (iii) is replaced by the following:

‘(iii)

the input data as specified in point 2.4.’;

(iii)

the following subparagraph is added:

‘The summary file referred to in point (c) shall be encrypted to ensure confidentiality.’;

(d)

point 3.1.1.2. is replaced by the following:

‘3.1.1.2.   Complete correlation file

Where the original correlation output report has been issued in accordance with point 3.1.1.1., the type approval authority, or where applicable the designated technical service shall upload the summary file referred to in point 3.1.1.1.(c) to a Commission server from which a reply is returned to the sender (with the relevant services of the Commission in copy), including a randomly generated integer number between 0 and 99, a hash code of the summary file unequivocally linking that number to the original output report digitally signed by the Commission server.

A complete correlation file shall be created by the type approval authority, or where applicable the designated technical service, which shall include the original correlation output report referred to in point 3.1.1.1. and the reply from the Commission server. The file shall be maintained by the type approval authority as a test report in accordance with Annex VIII of Directive 2007/46/EC.’

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Point 2(c) and (d) of Article 1 shall apply from 1 February 2019.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 18 December 2018.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 145, 31.5.2011, p. 1.

(2)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 of 2 June 2017 setting out a methodology for determining the correlation parameters necessary for reflecting the change in the regulatory test procedure with regard to light commercial vehicles and amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 293/2012 (OJ L 175, 7.7.2017, p. 644).

(3)  Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 of 1 June 2017 supplementing Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 1230/2012 and repealing Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 (OJ L 175, 7.7.2017, p. 1).


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