EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32004E0161

Council Common Position 2004/161/CFSP of 19 February 2004 renewing restrictive measures against Zimbabwe

OJ L 50, 20.2.2004, p. 66–72 (ES, DA, DE, EL, EN, FR, IT, NL, PT, FI, SV)
Special edition in Czech: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Estonian: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Latvian: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Lithuanian: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Hungarian Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Maltese: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Polish: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Slovak: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Slovene: Chapter 18 Volume 003 P. 43 - 49
Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 18 Volume 002 P. 154 - 160
Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 18 Volume 002 P. 154 - 160

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 14/02/2011; Repealed by 32011D0101 . Latest consolidated version: 25/02/2010

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/compos/2004/161/oj

32004E0161

Council Common Position 2004/161/CFSP of 19 February 2004 renewing restrictive measures against Zimbabwe

Official Journal L 050 , 20/02/2004 P. 0066 - 0072


Council Common Position 2004/161/CFSP

of 19 February 2004

renewing restrictive measures against Zimbabwe

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 15 thereof,

Whereas:

(1) Pursuant to Common Position 2002/145/CFSP(1) the Council imposed a prohibition on the supply of arms and related materiel, on the provision of related technical training or assistance and on the supply of equipment that might be used for internal repression to Zimbabwe.

(2) Pursuant to Common Position 2002/145/CFSP the Council also imposed a travel ban and a freezing of funds on the Government of Zimbabwe and persons who bear a wide responsibility for serious violations of human rights and of the freedom of opinion, of association and of peaceful assembly.

(3) Common Position 2002/145/CFSP was amended by Common Position 2002/600/CFSP(2) by extending these restrictive measures to further persons who bear a wide responsibility for such violations.

(4) The list of persons subject to the restrictive measures annexed to Common Position 2002/145/CFSP was updated and replaced by Council Decision 2002/754/CFSP(3) following a government reshuffle in Zimbabwe.

(5) Common Position 2002/145/CFSP was further amended and extended by Common Position 2003/115/CFSP(4), which expires on 20 February 2004.

(6) In view of the continued deterioration in the human rights situation in Zimbabwe, the restrictive measures adopted by the European Union should be renewed for a further 12 months.

(7) The objective of these restrictive measures is to encourage the persons targeted to reject policies that lead to the suppression of human rights, of the freedom of expression and of good governance.

(8) The list of persons subject to restrictive measures annexed to Common Position 2002/145/CFSP, as amended and replaced, should be updated.

(9) Action by the Community is needed in order to implement certain measures,

HAS ADOPTED THIS COMMON POSITION:

Article 1

For the purposes of this Common Position, the term "technical assistance" shall mean any technical support related to repairs, development, manufacture, assembly, testing, maintenance or any other technical service, and may take forms such as instruction, advice, training, transmission of working knowledge or skills or consulting services; technical assistance includes verbal forms of assistance.

Article 2

1. The sale, supply, transfer or export of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment and spare parts for the aforementioned, as well as equipment which might be used for internal repression, to Zimbabwe by nationals of Member States or from the territories of Member States or using their flag vessels or aircraft shall be prohibited whether originating or not in their territories.

2. It shall be prohibited:

(a) to grant, sell, supply or transfer technical assistance, brokering services and other services related to military activities and to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment and spare parts for the aforementioned, as well as equipment which might be used for internal repression, directly or indirectly to any person, entity or body in or for use in Zimbabwe;

(b) to provide financing or financial assistance related to military activities, including, in particular, grants, loans and export credit insurance, for any sale, supply, transfer or export of arms and related materiel, as well as equipment which might be used for internal repression, directly or indirectly to any person, entity or body in or for use in Zimbabwe.

Article 3

1. Article 2 shall not apply to:

(a) the sale, supply, transfer or export of non-lethal military equipment or of equipment which might be used for internal repression, intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, or for institution-building programmes of the UN, the EU and the Community, or of materiel intended for EU and UN crisis-management operations;

(b) the provision of financing and financial assistance related to such equipment;

(c) the provision of technical assistance related to such equipment,

on condition that such exports have been approved in advance by the relevant competent authority.

2. Article 2 shall not apply to protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to Zimbabwe by United Nations personnel, personnel of the EU, the Community or its Member States, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel for their personal use only.

Article 4

1. Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into, or transit through, their territories of the natural persons listed in the Annex, who are engaged in activities that seriously undermine democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law in Zimbabwe.

2. Paragraph 1 will not oblige a Member State to refuse its own nationals entry into its territory.

3. Paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the cases where a Member State is bound by an obligation of international law, namely:

(a) as a host country of an international intergovernmental organisation;

(b) as a host country to an international conference convened by, or under the auspices of, the United Nations; or

(c) under a multilateral agreement conferring privileges and immunities.

The Council shall be duly informed in each of these cases.

4. Paragraph 3 shall be considered as applying also in cases where a Member State is host country of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

5. Member States may grant exemptions from the measures imposed in paragraph 1 where travel is justified on the grounds of urgent humanitarian need, or on grounds of attending intergovernmental meetings, including those promoted by the European Union, where a political dialogue is conducted that directly promotes democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Zimbabwe.

6. A Member State wishing to grant exemptions referred to in paragraph 5 shall notify the Council in writing. The exemption will be deemed to be granted unless one or more of the Council Members raises an objection in writing within 48 hours of receiving notification of the proposed exemption. In the event that one or more of the Council members raises an objection, the Council, acting by a qualified majority, may decide to grant the proposed exemption.

7. In cases where, pursuant to paragraphs 3, 4, 5 and 6, a Member State authorises the entry into, or transit through, its territory of persons listed in the Annex, the authorisation shall be limited to the purpose for which it is given and to the persons concerned thereby.

Article 5

1. All funds and economic resources belonging to individual members of the Government of Zimbabwe and to any natural or legal persons, entities or bodies associated with them as listed in the Annex shall be frozen.

2. No funds or economic resources shall be made available directly or indirectly to or for the benefit of natural or legal persons, entities or bodies listed in the Annex.

3. Exemptions may be made for funds or economic resources which are:

(a) necessary for basic expenses, including payments for foodstuffs, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums and public utility charges;

(b) intended exclusively for payment of reasonable professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services;

(c) intended exclusively for payment of fees or service charges for routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds or economic resources;

(d) necessary for extraordinary expenses.

4. Paragraph 2 shall not apply to the addition to frozen accounts of:

(a) interest or other earnings on those accounts; or

(b) payments due under contracts, agreements or obligations that were concluded or arose prior to the date on which those accounts became subject to restrictive measures,

provided that any such interest, other earnings and payments continue to be subject to paragraph 1.

Article 6

The Council, acting upon a proposal by a Member State or the Commission, shall adopt modifications of the list contained in the Annex as required by political developments in Zimbabwe.

Article 7

In order to maximise the impact of the abovementioned measures, the European Union shall encourage third States to adopt restrictive measures similar to those contained in this Common Position.

Article 8

This Common Position shall take effect on the date of its adoption.

It shall apply as from 21 February 2004.

Article 9

This Common Position shall apply for a 12-month period. It shall be kept under constant review. It shall be renewed, or amended as appropriate, if the Council deems that its objectives have not been met.

Article 10

This Common Position shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Brussels, 19 February 2004.

For the Council

The President

M. McDowell

(1) OJ L 50, 21.2.2002, p. 1.

(2) OJ L 195, 24.7.2002, p. 1.

(3) OJ L 247, 14.9.2002, p. 56.

(4) OJ L 46, 20.2.2003, p. 30.

ANNEX

List of persons referred to in Articles 4 and 5

>TABLE>

Top