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Document 51999PC0727

Proposal for a Council Decision on the accession of the European Community to Regulation 109 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers

/* COM/99/0727 final - AVC 2000/0003 */

OJ C 212E , 25.7.2000, p. 79–101 (ES, DA, DE, EL, EN, FR, IT, NL, PT, FI, SV)

51999PC0727

Proposal for a Council Decision on the accession of the European Community to Regulation 109 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers /* COM/99/0727 final - AVC 2000/0003 */

Official Journal C 212 E , 25/07/2000 P. 0079 - 0101


Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the accession of the European Community to Regulation 109 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers

(presented by the Commission)

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1. Background

Following Council Decision 97/836/EC of 27 November 1997, the EC became a Contracting Party to the 1958 Revised Agreement of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE) on 24 March 1998 and acceded to 78 regulations annexed to this Agreement.

Article 3(3) of this Decision stipulates that the Community may decide to apply a regulation to which it has not acceded at the time of its accession to the Revised Agreement where the Council, upon receiving the assent of the European Parliament, has approved this regulation by a qualified majority.

Regulation 109 concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers seeks in particular to remove the technical obstacles to the trade in motor vehicles between the contracting parties while at the same time ensuring a high degree of safety and environmental protection. Even though this regulation is not mentioned in the list of regulations recognised by the EC included in Annex II to Decision 97/836/EC, the representatives of the Member States have indicated that it would be useful for the EC to examine the possibility of acceding to it, without however incorporating it in the motor vehicle type-approval procedure.

It will be recalled that the EC will take its decision regarding accession to this regulation on the basis of the document available in the official languages of the UN-ECE (French, English and Russian). The text of Regulation 109 is therefore annexed in French and English only.

In accordance with Article 4(5) of Decision 97/836/EC, Regulation 109 will, however, be published in the Official Journal in all the official languages of the Community before entering into force.

2. Contents of the proposal for a decision

The proposal for a decision is designed to enable the Community to accede to Regulation 109 of the UN-ECE concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers.

***

2000/0003 (AVC)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

on the accession of the European Community to Regulation 109 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Council Decision 97/836/EC of 27 November 1997 with a view to accession by the European Community to the Agreement of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the adoption of uniform technical prescriptions for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts which can be fitted to and/or be used on wheeled vehicles and the conditions for reciprocal recognition of approvals granted on the basis of these prescriptions [1] ("revised 1958 Agreement"), and in particular Article 3(3) and the second indent of Article 4(2) thereof,

[1] OJ L 346, 17.12.1997, p. 78.

Having regard to the proposal by the Commission [2],

[2] OJ C , , p. .

Having regard to the assent of the European Parliament [3],

[3] OJ C , , p. .

Whereas:

(1) The aim of the uniform provisions of Regulation 109 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers is to abolish the technical barriers to trade in motor vehicles between the contracting parties with regard to retreaded pneumatic tyres while ensuring a high level of safety and environmental protection.

(2) Regulation 109 has been notified to the contracting parties and entered into force in respect of all the contracting parties who did not serve notice of their disagreement by the date or dates specified in the regulation annexed to the revised agreement of 1958.

(3) In order to enable the economic operators to take appropriate measures to abide in time by the provisions of Regulation 109 so as not to disrupt the market in retreaded pneumatic tyres, in particular by dates of entry into force that could differ from one Member State to another, the uniform application of this regulation throughout the Community will be regulated later through a Community directive. However, Regulation 109 will not be integrated in the system for type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers,

HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:

Sole article

The European Community accedes to Regulation 109 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the approval for the production of retreaded pneumatic tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers [4].

[4] Cf. document E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2/Add.108.

Done at Brussels,

For the Council

The President

III/5292/99-EN

Regulation No 109

of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE)

UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL FOR THE PRODUCTION OF RETREADED PNEUMATIC TYRES FOR COMMERCIAL VEHICLES AND THEIR TRAILERS

(E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rév.2/Add.108)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

REGULATION

1. Scope

2. Definitions

3. Markings

4. Application for approval

5. Approval

6. Prescriptions

7. Specifications

8. Modifications to the approval

9. Conformity of production

10. Penalties for non-conformity of production

11. Production definitely discontinued

12. Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, of test laboratories, and of administrative departments.

ANNEXES

Annex 1 - Communication concerning the granted, the extended, the refused and the withdrawn approval or the production definitely discontinued of a retreading production unit pursuant to Regulation No 109.

Annex 2 - Arrangement of approval mark

Annex 3 - Arrangement of retread tyre markings

Annex 4 - List of load indices and corresponding load capacities

Annex 5 - Tyre size designation and dimensions

Annex 6 - Method of measuring pneumatic tures

Annex 7 - Procedure for load/speed indurance tests (in principle in accordance with Regulation N° 54)

Appendix 1 - Endurance test programme

Appendix 2 - Relationship between the pressure index and units of pressure

Annex 8 - Variation of load capacity with speed commercial vehicles tyres radial and diagonal ply

Annex 9 - Explanatory figure

1. SCOPE

This Regulation applies to the production of retreaded tyres intended to be fitted to commercial vehicles and their trailers used on the road. It does not however apply to:

1.1 Retreaded tyres for private (passenger) cars and their trailers.

1.2 Retreaded tyres with a speed capability below 80 km/h.

1.3. Tyres for cycles and motorcycles.

1.4. Tyres originally produced without speed symbols and/or load indices.

1.5. Tyres originally produced without type approval and without either an "E" or "e" mark.

2. DEFINITIONS - See also figure in annex 9

For the purpose of this Regulation:

2.1. "Range of retreaded pneumatic tyres" - means a range of retreaded pneumatic tyres as quoted in paragraph 4.1.4.

2.2. "Structure" of a pneumatic-tyre means the technical characteristics of the tyre's carcass. The following structures are distinguished in particular:

2.2.1. "Diagonal" or "Bias ply" describes a pneumatic-tyre structure in which the ply cords extend to the beads and are laid at alternate angles substantially less than 90° to the centreline of the tread.

2.2.2. "Bias belted" describes a pneumatic-tyre structure of diagonal (bias ply) type in which the carcass is stabilised by a belt, comprising two or more layers of substantially inextensible cord material laid at alternate angles close to those of the carcass.

2.2.3. "Radial" describes a pneumatic-tyre structure in which the ply cords extend to the beads and are laid substantially at 90° to the centreline of the tread, the carcass being stabilised by an essentially inextensible circumferential belt.

2.3. "Category of use"

2.3.1. Normal tyre is a tyre intended for normal road use only.

2.3.2. Special use tyre is a tyre intended for mixed use, both on and off road/or at restricted speed.

2.3.3. Snow tyre is a tyre whose tread pattern, or tread pattern and structure, is primarily designed to ensure, in mud and fresh or melting snow, a performance better than that of a Normal Tyre. The tread pattern of a snow tyre generally consists of groove (rib) and solid block elements more widely spaced than on a Normal Tyre.

2.4. "Bead" means the part of a pneumatic-tyre which is of such shape and structure as to fit the rim and hold the tyre on it.

2.5. "Cord" means the strands forming the fabric of the plies in the pneumatic-tyre.

2.6. ''Ply" means a layer of "rubber" coated parallel cords.

2.7. "Belt" applies to a radial ply or bias belted tyre and means a layer or layers of material or materials underneath the tread, laid substantially in the direction of the centre line of the tread to restrict the carcass in a circumferential direction.

2.8. 'Breaker'' applies to a diagonal ply tyre and means an intermediate ply between the carcass and tread.

2.9. ''Protective breaker'' applies to a radial ply tyre and means an optional intermediate ply between the tread and the belt to minimise damage to the belt.

2.10. "Chafer" means material in the bead area to protect the carcass against chafing or abrasion by the wheel rim.

2.11. "Carcass'' means that structural part of a pneumatic-tyre other than the tread and outermost , "rubber'' of the sidewalls which, when inflated, supports the load.

2.12. "Tread'' means that part of a pneumatic-tyre which is designed to come into contact with the ground, protects the carcass against mechanical damage and contributes to ground adhesion.

2.13. "Sidewall" means the part of a pneumatic tyre between the tread and the area designed to be covered by the rim flange.

2.14. "Lower area of tyre" means the area included between the line of maximum section width of the tyre and the area designed to be covered by the edge of the rim.

2.15. ''Tread groove" means the space between the adjacent ribs or blocks in the tread pattern.

2.16. "Section width'' means the linear distance between the outside of the sidewalls of an inflated pneumatic-tyre, when fitted to the specified measuring rim, but excluding elevations due to labelling (marking),decoration or protective bands or ribs.

2.17. "Overall width" means the linear distance between the outside of the sidewalls of an inflated pneumatic-tyre, when fitted to the specified measuring rim, and including labelling (marking), decoration or protective bands or ribs.

2.18. "Section height" means a distance equal to half the difference between the outer diameter of the tyre and the nominal rim diameter.

2.19. ''Nominal aspect ratio" means one hundred times the number obtained by dividing the number expressing the nominal section height by the number expressing the nominal section width, both dimensions being in the same units.

2.20. "Outer diameter'' means the overall diameter of an inflated, newly retreaded tyre.

2.21. ''Tyre size designation'' means a designation showing:

2.21.1 The nominal section width. This must be expressed in millimetres, except in cases of tyres for which the size designation is shown in the first column of the tables in annex 5 to this Regulation.

2.21.2. The nominal aspect ratio except in case of tyres for which the size designation is shown in the first column of the tables in annex 5 to this Regulation.

2.21.3. A conventional number "d'' (the "d'' symbol) denoting the nominal rim diameter of the rim and corresponding to its diameter expressed either by codes (numbers below 100) or in millimetres (numbers above 100). Numbers corresponding to both types of measurements may be used in the designation.

2.21.3.1. The values of the "d'' symbols expressed in millimetres are shown below:

Nominal Rim Diameter Code - "d" // Value of the "d" symbol expressed in mm

14 // 203

229

254

279

305

330

356

19 // 381

406

432

457

483

25 // 508

533

559

610

635

14.5

16.5

17.5

19.5

20.5

22.5

24.5 // 368

419

445

495

521

572

622

30 // 660

711

762

2.22. "Nominal rim diameter (d)" means the diameter of the rim on which a tyre is designed to be mounted.

2.23. "Rim" means the support, either for a tyre-and-tube assembly or for a tubeless tyre, on which the tyre beads are seated.

2.24. "Measuring rim" means the rim specified as a "measuring rim width' or' design rim width' for a particular tyre size designation in any edition of one or more of the International Tyre Standards.

2.25. "Test rim'' means any rim specified as approved or recommended or permitted in one of the International Tyre Standards for a tyre of that size designation and type.

2.26. "International Tyre Standard" means any one of the following standard documents:

a) The European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO) 1/: 'Standards Manual'

(b) The European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO) 1/:

'Engineering Design Information - obsolete data'

(c) The Tire and Rim Association Inc. (TRA) 2/: 'Year Book'

(d) The Japan Automobile Tire Manufacturers Association (JATMA) 3/:'Year Book'

(e) The Tyre and Rim Association of Australia (TRAA) 4/:'Standards Manual'

(f) The Assiciacao Brasileira de Pneus e Aros (ABPA) 5/:'Manual de Normal Technicas'

(g) The Scandinavian Tyre and Rim Organisation (STRO) 6/:'Data Book'

........................

The tyre standards can be obtained from the following addresses :

1/ ETRTO, 32 av. Brugmann _ Bte 2, B_1060 Bruxelles, Belgique.

2/ TRA, 175 Montrose West Avenue, Suite 150, Copley, Ohio, 44321 Etats_Unis d'Amérique.

3/ JATMA, 9th Floor, Toranomon Building No 1_12, 1_Chome Toranomon Minato_ku, Tokyo 105, Japon.

4/ TRAA, Suite 1, Hawthorn House, 795 Glenferrie Road, Hawthorn, Victoria, 3122 Australie.

5/ ABPA, Avenida Paulista 244_12° Andar, CEP, 01310 Sao Paulo, SP Brésil.

6/ STRO, Älggatan 48 A, Nb, S_216 15 Malmö, Suède.

2.27 "Chunking" means the breaking away of pieces of rubber from the tread.

2.28. "Cord separation'' means the parting of the cords from their rubber coating.

2.29. ''Ply separation" means the parting of adjacent plies.

2.30. ''Tread separation" means the pulling away of the tread from the carcass.

2.31. "Service description'' means the specific combination of the load index and speed symbol of the tyre.

2.32. "Load index" means a numerical code which indicates the load the tyre can carry at the speed corresponding to the associated speed symbol and when operated in conformity with the service conditions specified by the manufacturer. A pneumatic tyre can have more than one load index to indicate its load capacity when used in single or dual (twin) formation, or to indicate an alternative load capacity (Unique point) on which a load variation in accordance with paragraph 2.35. and annex 8 to this Regulation is not permitted.

The list of load indices and the corresponding loads are shown in annex 4 to this Regulation.

2.33. "Speed symbol" means:

2.33.1. An alphabetical symbol indicating the speed at which the tyre can carry the load given by the associated load index.

2.33.2. The speed symbols and corresponding speeds are as shown in the table below:

Speed Symbol // Corresponding maximum speed (km/h)

H // 80

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

2.34 "Unique Point" means an additional service description, marked adjacent to the normal service description, but which must not be used for calculating a load capacity variation as defined in paragraph 2.35. and in annex 8 to this Regulation.

2.35. "Load-capacity variation with speed" means an alternative load capacity for the tyre when used at a speed different from that indicated by the speed symbol in the normal service description. The permissible variations are given in the table in annex 8 to this Regulation.

2.36. ''Retreading production unit" means a site or group of localised sites where finished retread tyres are produced.

2.37. ''Retreading'' means the generic term for reconditioning a used tyre by replacing the worn tread with new material. It may also include renovation of the outermost sidewall surface and replacement of the crown plies or the protective breaker. It covers the following process methods:

2.37.1. ''Top capping" - replacement of the tread;

2.37.2. "Re-capping" - replacement of the tread and with the new material extending over part of the sidewall;

2.37.3. "Bead to bead" - replacement of the tread and renovation of the sidewall including all or part of the lower area of the tyre.

2.38. "Casing" is the worn tyre comprising carcass and remaining tread and sidewall material.

2.39. "Buffing" is the process of removing old material from the casing to prepare the surface for the new material.

2.40. ''Repair'' is the remedial work carried out to damaged casings within recognised limits.

2.41. "Tread material'' is a material in a condition suitable for replacing the worn tread. It can be in several forms for example:

2.41.1. "Camel-back" - pre-cut lengths of material which has been extruded to give the required cross section profile and subsequently fitted cold to the prepared casing. The new material must be cured.

2.41.2. "Strip-wound" - a ribbon of tread material which is directly extruded and wound on to the prepared casing and built up to the required cross sectional contour. The new material must be cured.

2.41.3. "Direct extrusion" - tread material extruded to give the required cross sectional profile and directly extruded on to the prepared casing. The new material must be cured.

2.41.4. "Pre-cured'' - a previously formed and cured tread applied to the prepared casing. The new material must be bonded to the casing.

2.42. "Sidewall veneer" is a material used to cover the sidewalls of the casing thereby allowing the required markings to be formed.

2.43. "Cushion qum" is a material used as a bonding layer between new tread and casing and for repairing minor damage.

2.44. "Cement'' is an adhesive solution to hold new materials in place prior to the curing process.

2.45. "Cure" is the term used to describe the change in physical properties of the new material which is brought about usually by the application of heat and pressure for a set period of time under controlled conditions.

3. MARKINGS

3.1. An example of the arrangement of retreaded tyre markings is shown in annex 3 to this Regulation.

3.2. Retreaded tyres shall display on both sidewalls in the case of symmetrical tyres and at least on the outer sidewall in the case of asymmetrical tyres:

3.2.1. The brand name or trade mark;

3.2.2. The tyre-size designation as defined in paragraph 2.21.;

3.2.3. An indication of the structure as follows:

3.2.3.1. On diagonal (bias-ply) tyres; no indication, or the letter "D" placed in front of the rim diameter marking;

3.2.3.2. On radial-ply tyres; the letter "R" placed in front of the rim diameter marking and optionally the word ''RADIAL";

3.2.3.3. On bias belted tyres; the letter "B" placed in front of the rim diameter marking and in addition the words "BIAS-BELTED";

3.2.4. The service description comprising:

3.2.4.1. An indication of the tyre's nominal load capacity/capacities in the form of the load index/indices prescribed in paragraph 2.32.;

3.2.4.2. An indication of the tyre's nominal speed capability in the form of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 2.33.;

3.2.5. If applicable, one alternative service description, the Unique point, comprising:

3.2.5.1. An indication of the tyres load capacity/capacities in the form of the load index/indices prescribed in paragraph 2.32.;

3.2.5.2. An indication of the speed capability in the form of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 2.33.;

3.2.6. The word "TUBELESS" if the tyre is designed for use without an inner tube.

3.2 .7. The inscription M+S or MS or M.S. or M & S in the case of a snow tyre.

3.2.8. The date of retreading as follows:

3.2.8.1. Up to 31 December 1999; either as prescribed in paragraph 3.2.8.2. or in the form of a group of three digits, the first two showing the week number and the third, the year of the decade of manufacture. The date code can cover a period of production from the week indicated by the week number up to and including the week number plus three. For example, the marking "253'' could indicate a tyre which was retreaded in weeks 25, 26, 27 or 28 of the year 1993.

The date code may be marked on one sidewall only.

3.2.8.2. As from 1 January 2000; in the form of a group of four digits, the first two showing the week number and the second two showing the year in which the tyre was retreaded. The date code can cover a period of production from the week indicated by the week number up to and including the week number plus three. For example, the marking "2503" could indicate a tyre which was retreaded in weeks 25, 26, 27 or 28 of the year 2003.

The date code may be marked on one sidewall only.

3.2.9. In the case of tyres which can be regrooved, the symbol " '' in a circle at least 20 mm diameter, or the word "REGROOVABLE", moulded into or on to each sidewall.

3.2.10. An indication, by the means of the "PSI" index, of the inflation pressure to be adopted for the load/speed endurance tests, as explained in annex 7, appendix 2 to this Regulation.

This indication may be placed on one sidewall only.

3.2.11. The term ''RETREAD'' or "REMOULD" (after 1 January 1999 only the word "RETREAD" shall be used). At the request of the retreader, the same term in other languages may also be added.

3.3. Prior to approval tyres shall exhibit a free space sufficiently large to accommodate an approval mark as referred to in paragraph 5.8. and as shown in annex 2 to this Regulation.

3.4. Following approval, the markings referred to in paragraph 5.8. and as shown in annex 2 to this Regulation shall be affixed in the free space referred to in paragraph 3.3. This marking may be affixed to one sidewall only.

3.5. The markings referred to in paragraph 3.2. and the approval mark prescribed in paragraphs 3.4. and 5.8. shall be clearly legible and shall be moulded on to or into the tyre or shall be permanently marked on to the tyre.

3.6. As far as any of the original manufacturer's specifications are still legible after the tyres have been retreaded, they shall be regarded as specifications of the retreader for the retreaded tyre. If these original specifications do not apply after retreading they shall be completely removed.

3.7. The original "E" or "e" approval mark and approval number and any other subsequent retreading production unit's approval mark and number, if no longer applicable, shall be removed.

4. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

The following procedures are applicable to the approval of a tyre retreading production unit:

4.1. The application for approval of a retreading production unit shall be submitted by the holder of the trade name or trade mark to be applied to the tyre or by his duly accredited representative. It shall specify:

4.1.1. An outline of the structure of the company producing the retreaded tyres.

4.1.2. A brief description of the quality management system, which ensures the effective control of the tyre retreading procedures to meet the requirements of this Regulation.

4.1.3. The trade names or marks to be applied to the retreaded tyres produced.

4.1.4. The following information in relation to the range of tyres to be retreaded:

4.1.4.1. the range of tyre sizes;

4.1.4.2. the structure of tyres (diagonal or bias ply, bias-belted or radial);

4.1.4.3. the category of use of tyres (normal or snow tyres etc.);

4.1.4.4. the system of retreading and the method of application of the new materials to be used, as defined in paragraphs 2.37. and 2.41. ;

4.1.4.5. the maximum speed symbol of the tyres to be retreaded;

4.1.4.6. the maximum load index of the tyres to be retreaded;

4.1.4.7. the nominated International Tyre Standard to which the range of tyres conform.

5. APPROVAL

5.1. To retread tyres requires the approval of the retreading production unit by the approval authorities in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation The approval authority shall take the necessary measures as described in this Regulation in order to ensure that the tyres retreaded in the respective production unit will meet with the requirements stated in this Regulation. The retread production unit shall be fully responsible for ensuring that the retreaded tyres will meet the requirements of this Regulation and that they will perform adequately in normal use.

5.2. In addition to the normal requirements for the initial assessment of the tyre retreading production unit, the approval authority shall be satisfied that the procedures, operation, instructions and specification documentation provided by material suppliers are in a language readily understood by the tyre retreading production unit operatives.

5.3. The approval authority shall ensure that the procedures and operations documentation for each production unit contains specifications, appropriate to the repair materials and processes used, of the limits of repairable damage or penetrations to the tyre carcass, whether such damage is existing or is caused during the processes of preparation for retreading.

5.4. Before granting approval the authority must be satisfied that retreaded tyres conform to this Regulation and that the tests prescribed in paragraphs 6.5. and 6.6. have been successfully carried out on at least 5 and not necessarily more than 20 samples of retreaded tyres representative of the range of tyres produced by the retreading production unit.

5.5. In the case of each failure being recorded during tests, two further samples of the same specification tyre shall be tested. If either or both of these second two samples fail, then a final submission of two samples shall be tested.

If either or both of the final two samples fail, then the application for approval of the retreading production unit shall be rejected.

5.6. If all the requirements of this Regulation are met, then approval shall be granted and an approval number shall be assigned to each retreading production unit approved. The first two digits of this number shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The approval number shall be preceded by "109R" signifying that the approval applies to a tyre retreaded as prescribed in this Regulation.

The same authority shall not assign the same number to another production unit covered by this Regulation.

5.7. Notice of approval or of extension, refusal or withdrawal of approval or of production definitely discontinued pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

5.8. There shall be affixed conspicuously to every retreaded tyre conforming to this Regulation, in the space referred to in paragraph 3.3. and in addition to the markings prescribed in paragraph 3.2., an international approval mark consisting of:

5.8.1. A circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which granted approval [5]; and

[5] 1 pour l'Allemagne, 2 pour la France, 3 pour l'Italie, 4 pour les Pays-Bas, 5 pour la Suède, 6 pour la Belgique, 7 pour la Hongrie, 8 pour la République tchèque, 9 pour l'Espagne, 10 pour la Yougoslavie, 11 pour le Royaume-Uni, 12 pour l'Autriche, 13 pour le Luxembourg, 14 pour la Suisse, 15 (libre), 16 pour la Norvège, 17 pour la Finlande, 18 pour le Danemark, 19 pour la Roumanie, 20 pour la Pologne, 21 pour le Portugal, 22 pour la Fédération de Russie, 23 pour la Grèce, 24 pour l'Irlande, 25 pour la Croatie, 26 pour la Slovénie, 27 pour la Slovaquie, 28 pour le Bélarus, 29 pour l'Estonie, 30 (libre), 31 pour la Bosnie-Herzégovine, 32-36 (libres), 37 pour la Turquie, 38-39 (libres), 40 pour l'ex-République yougoslave de Macédoine, 41 (libre), 42 pour la Communauté européenne (les homologations sont accordées par les Etats membres qui utilisent leurs propres marques CEE) et 43 pour le Japon. Les numéros suivants seront attribués aux autres pays selon l'ordre chronologique de ratification de l'Accord concernant l'adoption de prescriptions techniques uniformes applicables aux véhicules à roues, aux équipements et aux pièces susceptibles d'être montés ou utilisés sur un véhicule à roues et les conditions de reconnaissance réciproque des homologations delivrées conformément à ces prescriptions, ou de leur adhésion à cet Accord et les chiffres ainsi attribués seront communiqués par le Secrétaire général de l'Organisation des Nations Unies aux Parties contractantes à l'Accord.

5.8.2. An approval number as described in paragraph 5.6.

5.9. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives an example of the arrangements of the approval mark.

6. PRESCRIPTIONS

6.1 Tyres shall not be accepted for first retread unless they have been type approved and bear either an "E" or "e" mark, except that this requirement shall not be mandatory until 1 January 2000 at the latest.

6.2. Conditions before retreading:

6.2.1. Tyres shall be clean and dry before inspection.

6.2.2. Before buffing, each tyre shall be thoroughly examined both internally and externally to ensure its suitability for retreading.

6.2.3. Tyres where damage is visible which has resulted from overload or underinflation shall not be retreaded.

6.2.4. Tyres showing any of the following damage shall not be accepted for retreading:

6.2.4.1. General:

(a) non repairable rubber cracking extending through to the carcass

(b) carcass break up

(c) appreciable oil or chemical attack

(d) damaged or broken bead core

(e) previous repairs of damage outside specified injury limits -see paragraph 5.3.

6.2.4.2. Conditions outside specified limits of repairability - see paragraph 5.3:

(a) carcass penetrations or damage after preparation for repair

(b) multiple damage too close together

(c) substantial deterioration of inner liner

(d) bead damage

(e) exposed carcass cords

(f) loose cords

(g) belt ply separation

(h) permanently deformed or kinked (steel) carcass cords

(i) circumferential cracking above the bead

(j) corroded steel cord or bead wire

6.3. Preparation:

6.3.1. After buffing, and before the application of new material, each tyre shall be thoroughly re-examined, at least externally, to ensure its continued suitability for retreading.

6.3.2. The entire surface to which new material is to be applied shall have been prepared without overheating. The buffed surface texture shall not contain deep buffing lacerations or loose material.

6.3.3. Where procured material is to be used the contours of the prepared area shall meet the requirements of the material manufacturer.

6.3.4. Damage caused during buffing must not exceed defined limits of repair, see paragraph 5.3., and must be repaired.

6.3 5. Buffing damage to diagonal ply tyres shall not extend beyond the outermost carcass ply in the crown area. It shall be assumed that the first ply encountered is a carcass ply unless a breaker can be positively identified. If a breaker is fitted, localised damage is permissible.

6.3.6. Localised buffing damage to the belt of radial tyres is permissible. For larger damage it is permissible for the complete belt or sections of the belt to be replaced. Where a protective breaker is fitted, and can be positively identified as such, if it is damaged it is permissible to remove it and it need not be renewed.

6.3.7. Exposed steel parts shall be treated as soon as possible with appropriate material as defined by the manufacturer of that appropriate material.

6.4. Retreading:

6 4.1. The retreader must ensure that either the manufacturer or the supplier of repair materials, including patches, is responsible for the following:

(a) defining method(s) of application and storage, if requested by the retreader, in the national language of the country in which the materials are to be used;

(b) defining limits of damage for which the materials are designed, if requested by the retreader, in the national language of the country in which the materials are to be used;

(c) ensuring that reinforced patches for tyres, if correctly applied in carcass repairs, are suitable for the purpose;

(d) ensuring that the patches are capable of withstanding twice the maximum inflation pressure as given by the tyre manufacturer;

(e) ensuring the suitability of any other repair materials for the service intended.

6.4.2. The retreader shall be responsible for the correct application of the repair material and for ensuring that the repair is free from any defects which may affect the satisfactory service life of the tyre.

6.4.3. The area surrounding a reinforced repair to a sidewall or shoulder of a radial ply tyre may bulge slightly when the tyre is fitted and inflated to the recommended operating pressure. Reinforced repair materials with physical properties that restrict the height of the bulge to not more than 4 mm shall be used.

6.4.4. The retreader shall ensure that either the manufacturer or the supplier of tread and sidewall material issues specifications concerning the conditions of storage and use of the material in order to guarantee the material's qualities. If requested by the retreader, this information shall be in the national language of the country in which the materials are to be used.

6.4.5. The retreader must ensure that the repair material and/or compound is documented in a manufacturer's or supplier's certificate. The material compound must be suitable for the intended use of the tyre.

6.4.6. The processed tyre shall be cured as soon as possible after the completion of all repairs and building-up operations and at the latest according to the material manufacturer's specifications.

6.4.7. The tyre shall be cured for the length of time and at the temperature and pressure, appropriate to, and specified for, the materials and processing equipment used. The dimensions of the mould must be appropriate to the thickness of the new material and the size of the buffed tyre.

6.4.8. The thickness of original material after buffing and the average thickness of any new material under the tread pattern after retreading shall be as given in paragraphs 6.4.8.1. and 6.4.8.2.

6.4.8.1. For radial ply tyres (mm):

3

>REFERENCE TO A GRAPHIC>

(A+B)

>REFERENCE TO A GRAPHIC>

13 (3,0 mm min.; 13,0 mm max.)

A

>REFERENCE TO A GRAPHIC>

2 (2,0 mm min.)

B

>REFERENCE TO A GRAPHIC>

0 (0,0 mm min.)

>REFERENCE TO A GRAPHIC>

P.D. = Pattern depth

X = Buff line

A = Average thickness of new material under pattern

B = Minimum thickness of original material above belt after buffing

6.4.8.2 For diagonal (Bias-ply) tyres:

The thickness of original material above the breaker shall be ³ 0.80 mm;

The average thickness of new material above the buffed casting line shall be ³ 2.00 mm;

The combined thickness of original and new material beneath the base of the grooves of the tread pattern shall be ³ 3.00 mm and £ 13.00 mm.

6.4.9. The service description of a retreaded tyre shall not show either a higher speed symbol or a higher load index than that of the original, first life, tyre unless approval has been granted to the manufacturer of the original, first life, tyre for that same carcass to be used at the revised service description.

Information that an original, first life, carcass has been upgraded in this way shall be made freely available by an approval authority to any retreading production unit and shall be communicated to other parties to the 1958 Agreement (see Article 5 of the Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approvals Granted on the basis of these Prescriptions - document E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2).

The standard form shown in annex 1 to Regulation No. 54 shall be used to communicate this information.

6.4.10. Upgrading of the service description as given in paragraph 6.4.9. shall only be permitted for the first retread of an original, first life tyre.

Tyres which have been previously retreaded shall not have either the speed symbol or the load index raised above that shown on the used casing.

6.5. Inspection:

6.5.1. After curing, whilst a degree of heat is retained in a tyre, each retreaded tyre shall be examined to ensure that it is free from any apparent defects. During or after retreading the tyre must be inflated to at least 1.5 bar for examination. Where there is any apparent defect in the profile of the tyre (e.g. blister, depression, etc.) the tyre shall be specifically examined to determine the cause of this defect.

6.5.2. Before, during or after retreading the tyre shall be checked at least once for the integrity of its structure by means of a suitable inspection method.

6.5.3. For the purposes of quality control a number of retreaded tyres shall be subjected to destructive or non destructive testing or examination. The quantity of tyres checked and the results shall be recorded.

6.5.4. After retreading, the dimensions of the retreaded tyre, when measured in accordance with annex 6 to this Regulation, must conform either to dimensions calculated according to the procedures in paragraph 7 or to those given in annex 5 to this Regulation. Note that the maximum outer diameter of a retreaded tyre may be up to 1.5 per cent greater than the maximum outer diameter of a new, original tyre permitted by Regulation No. 54.

6.6. Performance test:

6.6.1. Tyres retreaded to comply with this Regulation shall be capable of meeting the load/speed endurance test as specified in annex 7 to this Regulation.

6.6.2. A retreaded tyre which after undergoing the load/speed endurance test does not exhibit any tread separation, ply separation, cord separation, chunking or broken cords shall be deemed to have passed the test.

6.6.3. The outer diameter of the tyre, measured six hours after the load/speed endurance test, must not differ by more than ± 3.5 per cent from the outer diameter as measured before the test.

7. SPECIFICATIONS

7.1. Tyres retreaded to comply with this Regulation shall conform to the following dimensions:

7.1.1. Section width:

7.1.1.1. The section width shall be calculated by the following formula:

S = S1 + K (A - Al)

where:

S : is the actual section width in millimetres as measured on the test rim;

S1: is the value of the 'Design Section Width', referred to the measuring rim, as quoted in the International Tyre Standard specified by the retreader for the tyre size in question;

A : is the width of the test rim in millimetres;

Al: is the width in millimetres of the measuring rim as quoted in the International Tyre Standard specified by the retreader for the tyre size in question.

K : is a factor and shall be taken to equal 0.4.

7.1.2. Outer diameter:

7.1.2.1. The theoretical outer diameter of a retreaded tyre shall be calculated by the following formula:

D = d + 2H

where:

D: is the theoretical outer diameter in millimetres,

d: is the conventional number defined in paragraph 2.21.3. in millimetres;

H: is nominal section height in millimetres and is equal to Sn multiplied by 0.01 Ra

where:

Sn: is the nominal section width in millimetres;

Ra: is the nominal aspect ratio.

All of the above symbols are as quoted in the tyre size designation as shown on the sidewall of the tyre in conformity with the requirements of paragraph 3.2.2. and as defined in paragraph 2.21.

7.1.2.2. However, for tyres whose designation is given in the first column of the tables in annex 5 to ECE Regulation No. 54, the outer diameter shall be that given in those tables.

7.1.3. Method of measuring retreaded tyres:

7.1.3.1. The dimensions of retreaded tyres shall be measured in accordance with the procedures given in annex 6 to this Regulation.

7.1.4. Section width specifications:

7.1.4.1. The actual overall width may be less than the section width or widths determined in paragraph 7.1.

7.1.4.2. The actual overall width may also exceed the value or values determined in paragraph 7.1 by:

4 per cent in the case of radial ply tyres and

8 per cent in the case of diagonal (bias-ply) and bias belted tyres.

However, for tyres with a section width exceeding 305 mm, intended for fitting in dual (twin) formation, the nominal value or values shall not be exceeded by more than:

2 per cent in the case of radial ply tyres and

4 per cent for diagonal (bias-ply) and bias belted tyres.

7.1.5. Outer diameter specifications:

7.1.5.1. The actual outer diameter of a retreaded tyre must not be outside the values of

Dmin and Dmax obtained by the following formulae:

Dmin = d + (2H x a)

Dmax = l.015 x [d + (2H x b)

where:

7.1.5.1.1. For sizes not given in the tables in annex 5 to this Regulation, "H" and ''d" are as defined in paragraph 7.1.2.1.

7.1.5.1.2. For sizes mentioned in paragraph 7.1.2.2. above:

H = 0.5 (D - d)

where "D'' is the outer diameter and "d'' the Nominal rim diameter quoted in the above-mentioned tables for the size in question.

7.1.5.1.3. The coefficient "a" = 0.97

7.1.5.1.4. The coefficient "b" is:

>TABLE>

7.1.5.2 For snow tyres the maximum outer diameter (Dmax) calculated in paragraph 7.1.5.1. may be exceeded by not more than 1 per cent.

8. MODIFICATIONS TO THE APPROVAL

8.1. Every modification concerning a retreading production unit amending any of the information given by the retreading production unit in the Application for Approval, see paragraph 4, shall be notified to the approval authority which approved the retreading production unit. That authority may then either:

8.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and that in any case the retreading production unit still meets the requirements; or

8.1.2. Require a further investigation of the approval.

8.2. Confirmation of, or refusal of, approval, specifying the modifications, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 5.7. to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.

9. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements:

9.1. The retreading production unit approved according to this Regulation shall conform to the requirements set out in paragraph 6.

9.2. The holder of the approval shall ensure that, during each year of production, and spread throughout that year, at least the following number of tyres, representative of the range being produced, is checked and tested as prescribed in this Regulation:

9.2.1. 0.01 per cent of the total annual production but in any case not less than 2 and not necessarily more than 10.

9.3. If the requirements of paragraph 9.2. are carried out by or under the control of the approval authority, the results may be used as part of, or instead of, those prescribed in paragraph 9.4.

9.4. The authority which has approved the retreading production unit may at any time verify the conformity control methods applied in each production facility. For each production facility, the type approval authority shall take samples at random during each and every production year and at least the following number of tyres, representative of the range being produced, shall be checked and tested as prescribed in this Regulation:

9.4.1. 0.01 per cent of the total annual production but in any case not less than 2 and not necessarily more than 10.

9.5. The tests and checks of paragraph 9.4. may replace those required in paragraph 9.2.

10. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

10.1. The approval granted in respect of a retreading production unit pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements of paragraph 9 are not complied with or if the retreading production unit or the retreaded tyres produced by that retreading production unit have failed to meet the requirements prescribed in paragraph 9.

10.2. If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model shown in annex 1 to this Regulation.

11. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

The authority which granted the approval of the retreading production unit shall be informed if operations and manufacture of retreaded tyres approved within the scope of this Regulation cease. On receipt of this information the authority shall communicate this information to the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model shown in annex 1 to this Regulation.

12. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, OF TEST LABORATORIES, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS

12.1. The Parties to the 1958 Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and, where applicable, of the approved test laboratories and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued, issued in other countries, are to be sent.

12.2. The Parties to the 1958 Agreement which apply this Regulation may use laboratories of tyre manufacturers or retreading production units and may designate, as approved test laboratories, those which are situated either in the territory of that Party or in the territory of another Party to the 1958 Agreement subject to a preliminary acceptance of this procedure by the competent administrative department of the latter.

12.3. Where a Party to the 1958 Agreement applies paragraph 12.2., it may, if it so desires, be represented at the tests.

ANNEX 1

COMMUNICATION

(maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm)

issued by: Name of administration :

........................

........................

........................

>REFERENCE TO A GRAPHIC>

concerning: 2/ APPROVAL GRANTED

APPROVAL EXTENDED

APPROVAL REFUSED

APPROVAL WITHDRAWN

PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

of a retreading production unit pursuant to Regulation No. 109.

Approval No.: ............................ Extension No.:....................................

1. Retreader's name or trade mark: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. Name and address of retreading production unit: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3. If applicable, name and address of retreader's representative: .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4. Summarised description as in paragraphs 4.1.3. and 4.1 4. of this Regulation: . . . . . . .

5. Technical service and, where applicable, test laboratory approved for purposes of approval or verification of conformity: . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .

6. Date of report issued by that service: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

7. Number of report issued by that service: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

8. Reason (s) of extension (if applicable): . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

9. Any remarks: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10. Place: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

11. Date: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

12. Signature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

13. Annexed to this communication is a list of documents in the approval file deposited at the Approval Authority which has considered this approval and which can be obtained upon request.

--------------------

1/ Distinguishing number of the country which has granted/ extended/ refused/ withdrawn an approval (see approval provisions in the Regulation).

2/ Delete that which does not apply.

Annex 2

ARRANGEMENT OF APPROVAL MARK

a = 12 mm (minimum)

The above approval mark affixed to a retreaded tyre shows that the retreading production unit concerned has been approved in the Netherlands (E4) under approval number 109R002439 meeting the requirements of this Regulation in its original form (00).

The approval number must be placed close to the circle and either above or below the "E" or left or right of that letter. The digits of the approval number must be on the same side of the '"E" and face in the same direction. The use of Roman numerals as approval numbers should be avoided so as to prevent any confusion with other symbols.

ANNEX 3

ARRANGEMENT OF RETREAD TYRE MARKINGS

>REFERENCE TO A GRAPHIC>

>TABLE>

The above example defines a retreaded pneumatic tyre:

Having a nominal section width of 295;

Having a nominal aspect ratio of 80;

Of radial-ply structure (R);

Having a nominal rim diameter of 572 mm, for which the code is 22.5;

Having load capacities of 3550 kg (single) and 3150 kg (twinned or dual),corresponding respectively to the load indices 152 and 148 shown in annex 4 to this Regulation;

Having a nominal speed symbol K (reference speed 110 km/h);

Able to be used at the Unique Point, speed symbol L (reference speed 120 km/h); with a load capacity of 3350 kg (single) and 3000 kg (twinned or dual, corresponding respectively to the load indices 150 and 146 shown in annex 4 to this Regulation;

Intended to be used without an inner tube ("TUBELESS") and of Snow type (M+S);

Retreaded in the weeks 25, 26, 27 or 28 of the year 2003.

Requiring to be inflated to 620 kPa for load/speed endurance tests, for which the PSI symbol is 90.

The positioning and order of the markings constituting the tyre designation shall be as follows:

(a) The size designation, comprising the nominal section width, the nominal aspect ratio, the type-of-structure symbol (where applicable) and the nominal rim diameter, shall be grouped as shown in the above example, that is: 295/80 R 22,5;

(b) The service description, comprising the load indices and the speed symbol shall be placed together near the size designation. It may either precede the size designation or follow it or be placed above or below it;

(c) The symbol "TUBELESS" and "M+S" may be at a distance from the size designation symbol.

(d) The word "RETREAD'' may be at a distance from the size-designation symbol.

(e) If paragraph 3.2.5. of this Regulation is applied, the additional service description (Unique Point), comprising the load indices and speed symbol, must be shown inside a circle near the nominal service description appearing on the tyre sidewall.

ANNEX 4

LIST OF LOAD INDICES AND CORRESPONDING LOAD CAPACITIES

>TABLE>

ANNEX 5

TYRE SIZE DESIGNATION AND DIMENSIONS

(IN ACCORDANCE WITH ECE REGULATION No. 54)

FOR THIS INFORMATION REFER TO ANNEX 5 OF ECE REGULATION No. 54

Note that with reference to paragraph 6.5.4. of this Regulation, the outer diameter of a retreaded tyre may in all cases be greater than that shown in the tables in annex 5 to Regulation No. 54 but by no more than 1.5 per cent.

ANNEX 6

METHOD OF MEASURING PNEUMATIC TYRES

1. The tyre shall be mounted on the test rim specified by the retreader and inflated to the Nominal Inflation Pressure quoted in the nominated International Tyre Standard ( see paragraph 4.1.4.7. of this Regulation) in relation to the Maximum load carrying capacity fot that Size and Load index.

2. The tyre, fitted to the appropriate rim, shall be conditioned to the ambient temperature of the laboratory for at least 24 hr save as otherwise required by paragraph 6.6.3. of this Regulation.

3. The pressure shall be re-adjusted to the value in paragraph 1 of this annex.

4. The overall width shall be measured at six equally spaced points around the tyre, taking account of the thickness of any protective ribs or bands. The highest reading obtained shall be taken as the overall width.

5. The outer diameter shall be calculated from a measurement of the maximum circumference of the inflated tyre.

ANNEX 7

PROCEDURE FOR LOAD/SPEED ENDURANCE TESTS (IN PRINCIPLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH REGULATION No. 54)

1. Preparing the tyre

1.1. Mount a retreaded tyre on the test rim specified by the retreader.

1.2. Use a new inner tube or combination of inner tube, valve and flap (as required) when testing tyres with inner tubes.

1.3. Inflate the tyre to the pressure corresponding to the pressure index as specified in paragraph 3.2.10. of this Regulation.

1.4. Condition the tyre and wheel assembly at test-room temperature for not less than 3 hr.

1.5. Readjust the tyre pressure to that specified in paragraph 1.3. of this annex

2. Test Procedure

2.1. Mount the tyre and wheel assembly on the test axle and press it against the outer face of a smooth surfaced power-driven test drum 1.70 m ± 1 per cent diameter having a surface at least as wide as the tyre tread. In certain cases a 2.OO m ± 1 per cent diameter drum maybe used.

2.2. Apply to the test axle a series of test loads equal to a percentage of the load indicated in annex 4 to this Regulation, corresponding to the load index indicated on the tyre, and in accordance with the test programme below. Where the tyre has load capacity indices for operation in both single and twin or dual formation the load corresponding to the load index for single operation shall be used for the test.

2.2.1. In the case of a tyre with a load index £ 121 and a speed symbol ³ Q(160 km/h), the test procedure shall be as specified in paragraph 3 of this annex.

2.2.2. For all other tyres the test procedure is as shown in appendix 1 to this annex.

2.3. Endurance Test Programme - See also appendix 1 to this annex.

2.3.1. The tyre pressure shall not be corrected throughout the test and the test load shall be kept constant throughout each of the three test stages.

2.3.2. During the test the temperature of the test room shall be maintained at between 20°C and 30°C unless the tyre manufacturer or retreader agrees to the use of a higher temperature.

2.4. The endurance test programme shall be carried out without interruption.

3. Load/Speed test procedure for tyres with a load index £ 121 and a speed symbol ³ Q (160 km/h):

3.1. The load on the wheel and tyre shall be the following percentage of that corresponding to the load index of the tyre:

3.1.2. 90 per cent when tested on a drum of 1.70 m ± 1 per cent diameter;

3.1.2. 92 per cent when tested on a drum of 2.00 m ± 1 per cent diameter.

3.2. The initial phase test speed shall be 20 km/h less than that indicated by the speed symbol for the tyre.

3.2.1. Time taken to reach initial test speed shall be 10 min.

3.2.2. The duration of the first phase shall be 10 min.

3.3. The second phase test speed shall be 10 km/h less than that indicated by the speed symbol for the tyre.

3.3.1. The duration of the second phase shall be 10 min.

3.4. The final phase test speed shall be the speed corresponding to that indicated by the speed symbol for the tyre.

3.4.1. The duration of the final phase shall be 30 min.

3.5. The duration of the entire test shall be 1 hr.

4. Equivalent test method:

If a test method other than that given in paragraphs 2 or 3 of this annex is used, its equivalence must be demonstrated.

Annex 7 - Appendix 1

ENDURANCE-TEST PROGRAMME

>TABLE>

Notes:

(l) "Special-use'' tyres (see paragraph 2.3.2. of this Regulation) shall be tested at a speed equal to 85 per cent of the speed prescribed for equivalent normal tyres.

ANNEX 7 - Appendix 2

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PRESSURE INDEX AND UNITS OF PRESSURE

>TABLE>

ANNEX 8

VARIATION OF LOAD CAPACITY WITH SPEED : COMMERCIAL VEHICLES TYRES RADIAL AND DIAGONAL PLY

>TABLE>

_________________

5/ The load indices refer to operation in single formation.

6/ Load variations are not allowed for speeds above 160 km/h. For speed symbols "Q" and above the speed corresponding to the speed symbol specifies the maximum permissible speed for the tyre. ANNEX 9

EXPLANATORY FIGURE

See paragraph 2 of this Regulation

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