Accept Refuse

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document C(2019)8369

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) …/... on classification of vehicles, obligations of European Electronic Toll Service users, requirements for interoperability constituents and minimum eligibility criteria for notified bodies

C/2019/8369 final

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1.CONTEXT OF THE DELEGATED ACT

Directive (EU) 2019/520 provides that a Delegated Act must lay down requirements on the classification of vehicles and the procedures necessary to establish tariff schemes. It must define the obligations of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) users in providing data to the EETS provider and in using and handling the on-board equipment. The Delegated Act must also lay down the requirements for interoperability constituents and the minimum eligibility criteria for notified bodies.

2.CONSULTATIONS PRIOR TO THE ADOPTION OF THE ACT

The Commission carried out consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and those consultations were conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Inter-institutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on better law-making. Expert group meetings took place on 24 May 2019 and 2 October 2019.

To ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council received all relevant documents at the same time as Member States’ experts, and their experts have had access to the Commission’s expert group meetings dealing with the preparation of this delegated act.

3.LEGAL ELEMENTS OF THE DELEGATED ACT

Article 30 of Directive (EU) 2019/520 provides that the power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 8(5), Article 10(3), Article 15(4) and (5) and Article 19(5) is conferred on the Commission for five years from 18 April 2019, the date of the entry into force of the Directive (EU) 2019/520.    

It should be noted that there is an extensive existing legislative framework in place, which is applicable to the EETS interoperability constituents, in particular Directive 2014/35/EU 1 , Directive 2014/30/EU 2 and Directive 2014/53/EU 3 . Thus, in order to avoid overlap and legal uncertainty, as regards the exercise by the Commission of delegated powers in relation to Article 15(4), the Commission considers that there is no need to lay down additional requirements regarding health and safety and environment protection in this Delegated Regulation, at this stage.

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) …/...

of 28.11.2019

on classification of vehicles, obligations of European Electronic Toll Service users, requirements for interoperability constituents and minimum eligibility criteria for notified bodies

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2019 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union, and in particular Articles 8(5), 10(3), 15(4),15(5), and 19(5) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)To ensure that the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) works well, EETS users need to provide correct data and are responsible for the status of the on-board equipment, if an on-board equipment is used.

(2)In order to increase interoperability of the electronic road toll systems and ensure compatibility with general requirements stemming from EU legislation, as for example data protection, EETS providers and toll chargers need to comply with a minimum set of procedural, technical and operational requirements.

(3)General infrastructure requirements should be established to ensure that the interoperability constituents provide for accurate data, correct identification of the EETS providers, proper installation of the on board equipment, if one is used, and correct information for the drivers on road fees obligations.

(4)Standard criteria for nominating the bodies responsible for the assessment of conformity of specifications and suitability for use of interoperability constituents need to be defined so that a minimum level of expertise is ensured and manufacturers can rely on equal treatment in all Member States.

(5)To ensure consistent application between this Regulation and Directive (EU) 2019/520, it should apply from the date referred to in the Article 32(1) of Directive (EU) 2019/520.

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1
Scope

This Delegated Regulation lays down requirements for:

(1)the classification of vehicles,

(2)the detailed obligations of EETS users,

(3)interoperability constituents,

(4)the minimum criteria of eligibility for notified bodies.

Article 2
Vehicle classification

1.The parameters used to classify vehicles for determining tolls shall comply with the requirements provided for in Annex I of this Delegated Regulation.

2.Without prejudice to Article 6 (2) of Directive (EU) 2019/520 4 , where a toll charger intends to introduce new vehicle classification parameters, the Member State where it is registered must inform the Commission, the other Member States and EETS providers in operation in the EETS domain thereof six months before the new classification parameters are introduced.

Article 3
EETS users’ obligations

1.EETS users shall ensure that all user and vehicle data they provide to the EETS providers and the declaration of variable parameters are correct.

2.EETS users shall take all possible measures to ensure that the on-board equipment is operational whilst the vehicle is circulating within an EETS domain requiring on-board equipment.

3.EETS users shall operate on-board equipment in accordance with the EETS provider’s instructions, in particular where these apply to the declaration of variable vehicle classification parameters.

Article 4
Interoperability constituents’ requirements

Interoperability constituents and roadside infrastructure shall comply with the requirements provided for in Annex II of this Delegated Regulation.

Article 5
Minimum eligibility criteria for notified bodies

The notified bodies referred to in Article 19(1) of Directive (EU) 2019/520 shall comply with the minimum criteria provided for in Annex III of this Delegated Regulation.

Article 6
Entry into force

This Delegated Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 19 October 2021.

This Delegated Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 28.11.2019

   For the Commission

   The President
   Jean-Claude JUNCKER

(1)    Directive 2014/35/EU on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits.
(2)    Directive 2014/30/EU on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility.
(3)    Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.
(4)    Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2019 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast)
Top

ANNEX I

PROVISIONS ON VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION

1.General provisions

1.1.A toll charger must publish the correspondence between the set of vehicle classification parameters used and its vehicle tariff classes for each tariff scheme applied in an EETS domain under its responsibility at least three months before the use of the tariff scheme. This obligation does not refer to any changes made by the toll charger to specific tariffs within a tariff scheme.

1.2.A toll charger must publish the correspondence of its vehicle tariff classes with its tariffs structure for each tariff scheme applied in an EETS domain under its responsibility. It must update the publication immediately when that correspondence changes.

2.Vehicle classification parameters

2.1.A toll charger may use vehicle classification parameters according to at least one of the following provisions:

(a)any vehicle classification parameter that can be measured by its roadside equipment

(b)the vehicle parameters that are listed in vehicles registration documents 1 and standardised in clause 8.4 of EN ISO 14906:2018 2 ;

If an OBE is used, the OBE is required only to support storage and transmission of possible vehicle classification parameters that can be retrieved from the OBE using dedicated short-range communication at 5,8 GHz as defined by standards EN 15509:2014 3 and ETSI ES 200674-1 V2.4.1 4 ; for GNSS based schemes, in addition, any vehicle parameter may be retrieved from the OBE using CEN-DSRC as defined by EN ISO 12813:2019 5 .

2.2.When circulating in a toll domain, vehicle on-board equipment must be able to communicate the on-board equipment status information and, where applicable, its vehicle classification parameters to the toll declaration monitoring equipment of the toll charger, as defined in Annex I of the Commission Implementing Regulation
C (2019) 9080 6 .

3.New tariff schemes

3.1.Where a newly introduced tariff scheme is based on vehicle classification parameters already in use in at least one EETS domain, EETS providers must implement the new tariff scheme as of the date of its entry into force.

3.2.Where a new tariff scheme introduces one or more new vehicle classification parameters, the procedure under Article 2.2 of the Delegated Regulation must be followed.

ANNEX II

REQUIREMENTS FOR INTEROPERABILITY CONSTITUENTS

1.General requirements

1.1.Reliability and availability

1.1.1.The monitoring and maintenance of fixed or movable components that are used in EETS must be organised, carried out and quantified in such a manner as to maintain their operation under the intended conditions.

1.1.2.EETS design should enable the system to continue working if the components malfunction or fail, possibly in a degraded mode, but with the least disruption for EETS users.

1.2.Technical compatibility

Where they are interfacing, the technical characteristics of the equipment of EETS providers and toll chargers must be compatible and in line with the provisions laid down in Annex I of the Commission Implementing Regulation C (2019) 9080 7 .

1.3.Security/privacy and protection of personal data

1.3.1.EETS must provide security features relative to the protection of data stored, handled and transferred between stakeholders in the EETS environment. The security features shall integrate the necessary safeguards into the processing in order to protect the rights and interests of EETS stakeholders, in particular protect them from risks or damage caused by lack of availability, confidentiality, integrity, authentication, non-repudiation and protection from unauthorised access to user data in a European multi-user environment, in compliance with the relevant legislation on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data.

1.3.2.EETS must comply with EU data protection legislation. In particular, compliance with Regulation (EU) 2016/679 and the national laws, regulations or administrative provisions turning Directive 2002/58/EC into national law must be ensured.

2.Specific requirements

2.1.Infrastructure requirements

2.1.1.EETS infrastructure must allow for the accuracy of toll declaration data to correspond with the toll regime requirements to guarantee equal and fair treatment between EETS users in respect of tolls and charges.

2.1.2.The on-board equipment must enable toll chargers to identify the responsible EETS provider. The on-board equipment must regularly monitor this information, invalidate itself if an irregularity is detected and, where possible, inform the EETS provider of the anomaly.

2.1.3.Where applicable, EETS equipment must be designed so that its interoperability constituents use standards issued by European Standardisation Organisations.

2.1.4.On-board equipment must be integrated in a safe and secure way. Its fitment will be compliant with requirements for vehicles forward vision. 8

2.1.5.Toll chargers must inform drivers, through signalisation or other means chosen by Member States, , of the requirement to pay a toll or charge for driving a vehicle in an EETS domain, and of the roads covered by an EETS domain.

2.2.Operation and management requirements

2.2.1.Toll chargers and EETS providers must determine contingency plans in order to avoid major traffic flow disruptions if the EETS is unavailable.

2.2.2.With respect to evaluating the performance of on-board equipment using satellite-positioning technology provided under Article 3.3 of Directive (EU) 2019/520, the EGNOS/Galileo eCall conformance test specifications 9 may be applied.

ANNEX III

MINIMUM ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR NOTIFIED BODIES

1.For the purposes of notification, a conformity assessment body, a body entitled to carry out or supervise the conformity assessment procedure on specifications and suitability for use of interoperability constituents, must comply with paragraphs 2 to 11 of this Annex.

The body must be accredited in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 10 for the harmonised European standard for conformity assessment on requirements for bodies certifying products, processes and services.

2.The body must be established under national law and have legal personality.

3.The body must be a third-party body independent of the organisation or the product it assesses.

A body belonging to a business association or professional federation representing undertakings involved in the design, manufacturing, provision, assembly, use or maintenance of products which it assesses, may, if its independence and the absence of any conflict of interest are demonstrated, be considered such a body.

4.The body, its top-level management and the staff responsible for carrying out the conformity assessment tasks can not be the designer, manufacturer, supplier, installer, purchaser, owner, user or maintainer of the products that they assess, nor the authorised representative of any of those parties. This must not preclude the use of assessed products that are necessary for the operations of the conformity assessment body or the use of such products for personal purposes.

The body, its top-level management and the staff responsible for carrying out the conformity assessment tasks must not be directly involved in the design, manufacture or construction, the marketing, installation, use or maintenance of those products, or represent the parties engaged in those activities. They must not engage in any activity that may conflict with their independence of judgement or integrity in relation to conformity assessment activities for which they are notified. In particular this must apply to consultancy services.

Conformity assessment bodies must ensure that the activities of their subsidiaries or subcontractors do not affect the confidentiality, objectivity or impartiality of their conformity assessment activities.

5.Conformity assessment bodies and their staff must carry out the conformity assessment activities with the highest degree of professional integrity and the requisite technical competence in the specific field. They must also be free from all pressures and inducements, particularly financial, which might influence their judgement or the results of their conformity assessment activities, especially as regards persons or groups of persons with an interest in the results of those activities.

6.The body must be capable of carrying out all the conformity assessment tasks assigned to it under Directive 2019/520/EU and the relevant implementing acts and in relation to which it has been notified, whether those tasks are carried out by the conformity assessment body itself or on its behalf and under its responsibility.

At all times and for each conformity assessment procedure and each kind or category of products in relation to which it has been notified, a conformity assessment body must have at its disposal the necessary:

(a)staff with technical knowledge and sufficient and relevant experience to perform the conformity assessment tasks;

(b)descriptions of procedures governing the way a conformity assessment is carried out, ensuring the transparency and the ability of reproduction of those procedures. It must have appropriate policies and procedures in place that distinguish between the tasks it carries out as a notified body and other activities; and

(c)procedures for the performance of activities that take account of the size of an undertaking, the sector in which it operates, its structure, the degree of complexity of the product technology in question and the mass or serial nature of the production process.

It shall be able to perform the technical and administrative tasks connected with the conformity assessment activities in an appropriate manner and must have access to all necessary equipment or facilities.

7.The staff responsible for carrying out conformity assessment activities must have the following:

(a)adequate technical and vocational training covering all the conformity assessment activities for which the conformity assessment body has been notified;

(b)satisfactory knowledge of the requirements of the assessments they carry out and sufficient authority to carry out those assessments;

(c)sufficient knowledge and understanding of the essential requirements, of the applicable standards and of the relevant provisions of EU harmonisation legislation and of its implementing regulations; and

(d)the ability to draw up certificates, records and reports demonstrating that assessments have been carried out.

8.The impartiality of the conformity assessment bodies, their top-level management and of the assessment personnel must be guaranteed.

The salaries of the top-level management and staff carrying out the assessments cannot depend on the number of assessments carried out or on the results of those assessments.

9.Conformity assessment bodies must take out liability insurance unless liability is assumed by the State in accordance with national law, or the Member State itself is directly responsible for the conformity assessment.

10.The conformity assessment body staff must comply with professional secrecy for all information obtained in carrying out their tasks under Directive 2019/520/EU and the relevant implementing acts or any national law giving effect to it. However, this does not apply to the competent authorities of the Member State in which its activities are carried out. Proprietary rights must be protected.

11.Conformity assessment bodies must participate in, or ensure that staff carrying out the assessment are informed of, the relevant standardisation activities and the activities of the notified body coordination group established under the relevant EU legislation and apply as general guidance the administrative decisions and documents produced by that group. 

(1)    Commission Directive 2003/127/EC of 23 December 2003 amending Council Directive 1999/37/EC on the registration documents for vehicles (OJ L 010, 16.01.2004, p. 0029-0053).
(2)    Electronic fee collection – Application interface definition for dedicated short-range communication
(3)    Electronic fee collection - Interoperability application profile for DSRC
(4)    Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT); Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC); Part 1: Technical characteristics and test methods for High Data Rate (HDR) data transmission equipment operating in the 5,8 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band.
(5)    Electronic fee collection – Compliance check communication for autonomous systems
(6)    Commission Implementing Regulation C (2019) 9080 on detailed obligations of European Electronic Toll Service providers, minimum content of the European Electronic Toll Service domain statement, electronic interfaces, requirements for interoperability constituents and repealing Decision 2009/750/EC. 
(7)    Commission Implementing Regulation C (2019) 9080 on detailed obligations of European Electronic Toll Service providers, minimum content of the European Electronic Toll Service domain statement, electronic interfaces, requirements for interoperability constituents and repealing Decision 2009/750/EC.
(8)    Commission Directive 90/630/EEC of 30 October 1990 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 77/649/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the field of vision of motor vehicle drivers (OJ L 341, 6.12.1990, p. 20).
(9)    Implementation guidelines for On-Board Unit manufacturers, test solution vendors and technical centres, by European Global Navigation Satellite Systems Agency and EC Joint Research Centre (Dec 2017, version 1.0)
(10)    Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 339/93
Top