This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal
WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DECISION AND OF THE CONVENTION?
The decision approves on behalf of the European Economic Community (now the EU) the Basel Convention.
The convention is the most comprehensive global environmental agreement on hazardous wastes and other wastes. It aims to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects resulting from the generation, the transboundary (crossing borders) movement and the management of hazardous wastes and other wastes.
The convention regulates the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and other wastes and requires its parties to ensure that they manage and dispose of such wastes in an environmentally sound manner.
The parties also undertake to:
The convention has 8 annexes:
General obligations of the convention
Parties agree the following:
Any party may impose additional requirements that are consistent with the convention.
The convention introduces notification procedures with regard to:
Where wastes are illegally exported, parties to the convention must re-import them.
Environmentally sound management
Parties agree to work together on environmentally sound practices for the management of hazardous and other wastes.
Parties should settle any disputes through negotiation or any other peaceful means of their choice. If a solution is not found, the dispute is submitted to the International Court of Justice or to an arbitration tribunal consisting of 3 parties.
A secretariat facilitates cooperation and the sharing of information among parties.
Regional or sub-regional centres around the globe provide training and capacity-building.
The convention has been incorporated into EU law by means of Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 and its subsequent amendments.
FROM WHEN DO THE DECISION AND THE CONVENTION APPLY?
The decision has applied since 1 February 1993. The convention has applied since 8 May 1994.
The EU, in addition to the EU countries, is a party to the convention. The EU has ratified the ban amendment which prohibits exports of waste to non-OECD countries, although this amendment has not yet entered into force internationally.
The convention was negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme and was adopted in 1989.
For more information, see:
Council Decision 93/98/EEC of 1 February 1993 on the conclusion, on behalf of the Community, of the Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal (Basel Convention) (OJ L 39, 16.2.1993, pp. 1-2)
Corrigendum to Council Decision 93/98/EEC of 1 February 1993 on the conclusion, on behalf of the Community, of the Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal (Basel Convention) (OJ L 74, 17.3.1994, p. 52)
Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal (OJ L 39, 16.2.1993, pp. 3-22)
Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste (OJ L 190, 12.7.2006, pp. 1-98)
Successive amendments to Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 have been incorporated into the original document. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.
last update 15.03.2018