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European Regional Development Fund (2014-2020)

European Regional Development Fund (2014-2020)

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 on the European Regional Development Fund and on specific rules about the investment for growth and jobs goal

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REGULATION?

  • It sets up the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) for the period 2014-2020. The ERDF aims to promote the EU’s harmonious, balanced and sustainable development by correcting some of the differences in levels of development between its regions.
  • The regulation has been amended twice by:
    • amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 — the EU’s financial regulation (see summary) which sets out the rules for drawing up and implementing the EU budget; and
    • amending Regulation (EU) 2020/460, adopted following the COVID-19 outbreak, which contains specific measures to mobilise investments in EU countries’ healthcare systems and in other sectors of their economies (Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative), and
    • amending Regulation (EU) 2020/558, adopted following the COVID-19 outbreak, and containing exceptional flexibility for the use of the European Structural and Investments Funds.

KEY POINTS

Eligibility

All regions in EU countries are eligible but the aid granted depends on EU priorities and the type of region.

Key themes

The ERDF concentrates its investments on 4 key themes:

Types of investment

  • in SMEs to create and safeguard sustainable jobs,
  • in all types of enterprise in the fields of innovation and research, the low-carbon economy, as well as ICT where SMEs are involved,
  • in infrastructure providing basic services in energy, environment, transport, and ICT, but also in social, health and educational infrastructure,
  • working capital in SMEs where necessary as a temporary measure to provide an effective response to a public health crisis (following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic), and
  • in the development of endogenous potential.

Overall budget

The budget for 2014-2020 is over €185 billion.

Policy and budget priorities

  • The 4 key themes listed above are very significant for the allocation of ERDF funding which varies depending on the category of region.
  • The regions are defined in terms of their GDP expressed as a percentage of an EU average:
    • more developed regions: GDP more than 90%
    • transition regions: GDP 75%-90%
    • less developed regions: GDP less than 75%
  • In more developed regions, (transition regions), (less developed regions), at least 80% (60%) (50%) of total ERDF funds in each country must be allocated to 2 or more of the 4 key themes, namely innovation and research, SMEs, ICT and a low-carbon economy; because of its importance, at least 20% (15%) (12%) of total ERDF funds in each country must be channelled specifically towards low-carbon economy projects.
  • A minimum of 5% of ERDF funding is earmarked for sustainable urban development. An urban development network is to be set up at EU level to promote networking and exchange of experience on sustainable urban development.

Implementation

Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative

The Coronavirus Investment Initiative, introduced by Regulation (EU) 2020/460, offers EU countries access to €37 billion from the ESI Funds to strengthen health systems and support small and medium-sized enterprises, short-time working schemes and community-based services.

Coronavirus special measures: more flexibility in the use of ESI fund

Amending Regulation (EU) 2020/558 allows EU countries to transfer resources between the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund, between the different categories of regions and between the 3 funds’ specific priority areas.

From 1 July 2020 to 30 June 2021, cohesion policy programmes related to COVID-19 can be financed exceptionally through 100% EU funding during the accounting year. The measures also simplify programme approval to speed up implementation, make financial instruments easier to use and simplify audits.

FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

It has applied since 21 December 2013.

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENT

Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on the European Regional Development Fund and on specific provisions concerning the Investment for growth and jobs goal and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1080/2006 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, pp. 289-302)

Successive amendment to Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/2056 of 22 August 2017 amending Delegated Regulation (EU) No 522/2014 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the detailed rules concerning the principles for the selection and management of innovative actions in the area of sustainable urban development to be supported by the European Regional Development Fund (OJ L 294, 11.11.2017, p. 26)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 522/2014 of 11 March 2014 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the detailed rules concerning the principles for the selection and management of innovative actions in the area of sustainable urban development to be supported by the European Regional Development Fund (OJ L 148, 20.5.2014, pp. 1-3)

See consolidated version.

Commission Implementing Decision 2014/99/EU of 18 February 2014 setting out the list of regions eligible for funding from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund and of Member States eligible for funding from the Cohesion Fund for the period 2014-2020 (OJ L 50, 20.2.2014, pp. 22-34)

See consolidated version.

last update 07.07.2020

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