Accept Refuse

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Economic and financial crisis — Regional and urban dimension

Economic and financial crisis — Regional and urban dimension

 

SUMMARY OF:

Commission report (COM(2013) 463 final) — Eighth progress report on cohesion

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REPORT?

It feeds into preparations for the EU’s 2014 cohesion policy programming period. It highlights the economic and social impact on regions and cities of the worst recession of the past 50 years. This affects the context and priorities of the new programmes.

KEY POINTS

Regional impact

  • The crisis ended a long period during which regional disparities in gross domestic product (GDP) per head and unemployment had narrowed. In particular:
    • GDP: in two thirds of EU regions, the annual GDP contracted by up to – 6 % between 2007 and 2010, while 1 out of 2 regions saw total employment shrink.
    • Unemployment: more than 4 out of 5 regions saw an increase between 2008 and 2010. In 2008, 52 regions had 1 out of 3 economically active young people out of work.
    • Migration: between 2009 and 2011, the annual increase in the number of EU citizens living outside their home country was 0.9 million, whereas between 2004 and 2008, it was 1.5 million.

Urban impact

  • The report examines the impact the crisis had on regions with over 250,000 inhabitants, known as metro regions, as well as on cities. It considers the following points.
    • Metro regions: between 2007 and 2010, in 2 out of 3 EU countries the GDP per head increased on average compared to the country as a whole. During the same period, it fell in 3 out of 5 regions, particularly in the smaller ones.
    • Cities: in 2011, city dwellers in the ‘old’ EU countries (EU-15) were at greater risk of poverty or social exclusion than those living elsewhere. Cities in more developed EU countries tended to have lower employment and higher unemployment rates than towns, suburbs and rural areas.

Cohesion policy impact

  • Due to the crisis, most EU countries are experiencing:
    • GDP and employment levels below pre-crisis levels;
    • higher levels of unemployment, poverty and exclusion;
    • reduced household income, depressing consumption and imports;
    • unprecedented levels of public debt and need for fiscal consolidation (i.e. to reduce government deficits and debt).
  • The Commission recommends that future cohesion programmes:
  • A Commission staff working paper accompanying the report provides additional statistical evidence.

BACKGROUND

The report follows the seventh progress report published in 2011. It has since been followed by the sixth cohesion report in 2014.

For more information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENT

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council — Eighth progress report on economic, social and territorial cohesion: The regional and urban dimension of the crisis (COM(2013) 463 final, 26.6.2013)

RELATED ACTS

Commission staff working document accompanying the document report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council — Eighth progress report on economic, social and territorial cohesion: The regional and urban dimension of the crisis (SWD(2013) 232 final, 26.6.2013)

last update 01.08.2016

Top