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UN climate negotiations: Kyoto Protocol — second commitment period

UN climate negotiations: Kyoto Protocol — second commitment period

SUMMARY OF:

Decision (EU) 2015/1339 on the conclusion, on behalf of the EU of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

SUMMARY

WHAT DOES THIS DECISION DO?

  • It gives the EU's formal approval to the agreement reached at the Doha conference in December 2012 to establish a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The second commitment period runs from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020.

KEY POINTS

  • 38 parties, including the EU, are involved in the second phase, and committed to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by at least 18 % below 1990 levels in the period from 2013 to 2020.
  • The EU, the EU countries and Iceland, have committed to jointly achieve a 20 % reduction in their combined greenhouse gas emissions for the period 2013-2020 compared to the level in 1990 or their chosen base year. The target reflects the total greenhouse gas emissions allowed during the period 2013-2020 under the climate and energy package.
  • The 20 % joint commitment is shared between the EU, the EU countries and Iceland.
  • The measures needed for the EU and EU countries to deliver on the reduction commitment have already been put in place through the 2020 climate and energy package.

FROM WHEN DOES THE DECISION APPLY?

The decision entered into force on 7 August 2015. The Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol has not entered into force yet.

BACKGROUND

The Kyoto Protocol was, until the Paris climate conference in December 2015, the world's only legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Adopted in December 1997, it contains pledges by participating industrialised nations to reduce their total emissions of 6 greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride) by an average of 5 % over the first commitment period (2008-2012) compared to 1990 levels.

At the Doha Climate Change Conference in December 2012, Parties to the Kyoto Protocol adopted the Doha Amendment, establishing a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (2013-2020). The second phase of the Kyoto Protocol serves as a bridge towards a post-2020 global climate change agreement.

Since Iceland is not an EU country, the terms of joint fulfilment concerning its participation had to be laid down in a separate international agreement (Council Decision (EU) 2015/1340).

Kyoto 2nd commitment period (2013-2020) on the European Commission’s website.

ACT

Council Decision (EU) 2015/1339 of 13 July 2015 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the joint fulfilment of commitments thereunder (OJ L 207, 4.8.2015, pp. 1–5)

RELATED ACTS

Council Decision 2002/358/EC of 25 April 2002 concerning the approval, on behalf of the European Community, of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the joint fulfilment of commitments thereunder (OJ L 130 of 15.5.2002, pp. 1–3)

Council Decision (EU) 2015/1340 of 13 July 2015 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Iceland, of the other part, concerning Iceland's participation in the joint fulfilment of commitments of the European Union, its Member States and Iceland for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (OJ L 207, 4.8.2015, pp. 15–16)

last update 08.02.2016

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