EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (Euro VI): certification rules

Emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (Euro VI): certification rules

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines (with respect to emissions from heavy-duty vehicles and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information)

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REGULATION?

  • It defines the rules for type-approval of motor vehicles, engines and replacement parts for heavy-duty vehicles (lorries, buses and coaches) with respect to their emission performance. It also establishes rules on:
    • in-service conformity of vehicles and engines;
    • durability of pollution-control devices;
    • on-board diagnostic (OBD) systems;
    • accessibility of vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information;
    • measurement of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.
  • It repeals Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC with effect from 31 December 2013.
  • Regulation (EU) 2018/858 (see summary), which applies from 1 September 2020, amends Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 by removing the references in it regarding access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information.

KEY POINTS

Scope

This regulation applies to motor vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2,610 kg and to all motor vehicles of categories M3 and N3 as defined in Annex II of Directive 2007/46/EC (see summary).

Manufacturer obligations

Manufacturers must:

  • be able to demonstrate that all new vehicles, engines or spare parts sold, registered or put into service in the EU have been type-approved in accordance with this regulation;
  • implement technical measures to guarantee effective limitation of exhaust-pipe emissions throughout the normal life of the vehicles under normal conditions of use.

Requirements and tests

Manufacturers must equip their vehicles or engines with components that ensure compliance with the emission limits laid down in Annex I of this regulation under conditions specified by the European Commission in this regulation and in the implementing acts.

Access to information

  • Manufacturers must:
    • guarantee independent operators (i.e. businesses which are independent from authorised dealers and repairers of a given vehicle brand) access to information on OBD systems and on diagnostic equipment, tools or software;
    • provide a standardised, secure and remote facility to enable independent repairers to complete operations which involve access to the vehicle security system.
  • The information should be made available on manufacturers' websites, or, if this is not feasible, in another appropriate format.
  • It should be noted, however, as of 1 September 2020, all rules relating to vehicle repair and maintenance information will be found in Chapter XIV of Regulation (EU) 2018/858.

Timetable

National authorities must no longer grant EU or national type-approval for vehicles that do not comply with this regulation as from 31 December 2012. They must prohibit the registration of new vehicles that do not comply with this regulation as from 31 December 2013.

Financial incentives

  • Countries may grant financial incentives for the purchase of motor vehicles produced in series which comply with this regulation until 31 December 2013. Retrofitting measures may also be considered either to adapt in-use motor vehicles or for scrapping.
  • The amount of the financial incentives must be equal to the additional cost of the technical measures introduced to ensure compliance of the vehicle with emission limits.

Implementing legislation

Implementing acts contain measures to implement Regulation (EC) No 595/2009:

  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 sets out the specific technical requirements for the approval of heavy-duty vehicles with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information.
  • Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 (see summary) complements the legal rules established by Regulation (EU) No 582/2011. It lays down the rules for:
    • certifying truck components with an impact on CO2 emissions and the fuel consumption of vehicles;
    • issuing licences to perform simulations to determine CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new vehicles to be sold, registered or put into service in the EU;
    • operating simulation tools and declaring the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption values that they determine.

FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

It has applied since 7 August 2009. However, some of the amendments to Directive 2007/46/EC included in Annex II of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 have applied since 31 December 2013.

BACKGROUND

The Seventh Environment Action Programme highlights the need to reduce air pollution. This regulation contributes to its objectives in terms of air quality by establishing a system which constrains the automobile industry to limit the emissions from the vehicles that it produces.

For more information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENTS

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, pp. 1-13)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC (OJ L 151, 14.6.2018, pp. 1-218)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 of 12 December 2017 implementing Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the determination of the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles and amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 (OJ L 349, 29.12.2017, pp. 1-247)

See consolidated version.

Commission Regulation (EU) No 136/2014 of 11 February 2014 amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 as regards emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 as regards emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) (OJ L 43, 13.2.2014, pp. 12-46)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 of 25 May 2011 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and amending Annexes I and III to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 167, 25.6.2011, pp. 1-168)

See consolidated version.

Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 of 18 July 2008 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 199, 28.7.2008, pp. 1-136)

See consolidated version.

Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (Framework Directive) (OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, pp. 1-160)

See consolidated version.

last update 31.01.2020

Top