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Monitoring, reporting and verification of ships' CO2 emissions

Shipping is a growing source of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) that cause climate change. The European Union (EU) supports a global approach to tackle the phenomenon. But as a first step to reduce emissions, it has agreed that large vessels using EU ports from 2018 should report their annually verified CO2 emissions and other energy relevant information.

ACT

Regulation (EU) No 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2015 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport, and amending Directive 2009/16/EC

SUMMARY

Shipping is a growing source of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) that cause climate change. The European Union (EU) supports a global approach to tackle the phenomenon. But as a first step to reduce emissions, it has agreed that large vessels using EU ports from 2018 should report their annually verified CO2 emissions and other energy relevant information.

WHAT DOES THE REGULATION DO?

It establishes rules for an EU system to accurately monitor, report and verify (MRV) CO2 emissions and other relevant information from large ships using EU ports. It becomes applicable from 1 January 2018.

KEY POINTS

The system will apply to all vessels over 5 000 gross tonnes visiting EU ports after 1 January 2018.

It will cover CO2 emissions from ships at sea and at berth. Data to be monitored on each ship cover also other energy-efficiency related information as distance travelled, time spent at sea and cargo carried.

Each year, ship companies must provide externally verified records for each vessel covered by the Regulation.

To ensure that monitoring is consistent and comparable, companies must document their methodology to be applied in a monitoring plan. They must check regularly whether the methodology needs to be improved. If necessary, they must submit it for reassessment to an accredited verifier.

The monitoring plan must contain complete and transparent documentation on items such as the various sources of CO2 on the vessel and the procedures for determining activity data per voyage (i.e. distance covered, number of passengers, details of cargo carried, time spent at sea, etc.).

By 31 August 2017, companies must prepare a monitoring plan for each of their ships covered by the Regulation. The plans must be submitted to an accredited verifier for assessment.

From 30 April 2019, companies must submit a verified annual emissions report to the European Commission.

From 30 June 2019 ships having visited EU ports during a previous reporting period must carry on board a valid document showing their compliance with the MRV obligations.

By 30 June each year starting from 2019, the Commission must make the reported information publicly available.

BACKGROUND

Emissions from the global shipping industry amount to about 1 billion tonnes every year. That represents 3 % of the world’s, and 4 % of the EU’s, total greenhouse gas emissions. Unless measures are taken to reduce these, they could more than double by 2050.

The MRV system is expected to cut CO2 emissions by up to 2 %. It could reduce net costs to ship owners by up to €1.2 billion per year in 2030.

More information:

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 2015/757

1.7.2015

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OJ L 123, 19.5.2015, pp. 55-76.

last update 08.09.2015

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