This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
UN climate negotiations: Kyoto Protocol — first commitment period
WHAT DOES THIS DECISION DO?
It gives the EU’s legal approval to the Kyoto Protocol — an agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) — and confirmation that the EU and the 15 countries that were members at the time the legislation was adopted (the ‘EU-15’) would honour the commitments they made to an 8 % cut in their greenhouse gas emissions compared to 1990 levels for the EU as a whole.
The Kyoto Protocol was, until the Paris climate conference in December 2015, the world’s only legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Adopted in December 1997, it contains pledges by participating industrialised nations to reduce their total emissions of 6 greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride) by an average of 5 % over the first commitment period (2008-2012) compared to 1990 levels.
FROM WHEN DOES THIS DECISION APPLY?
It entered into force on 2 May 2002.
‘Kyoto 1st commitment period (2008-12)’ on the European Commission's website.
Council Decision 2002/358/EC of 25 April 2002 concerning the approval, on behalf of the European Community, of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the joint fulfilment of commitments thereunder (OJ L 130 of 15.5.2002, pp. 1–3)
Council Decision (EU) 2015/1339 of 13 July 2015 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the joint fulfilment of commitments thereunder (OJ L 207, 4.8.2015, pp. 1–5)
last update 08.02.2016