EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Integration of Roma in the area of employment

This summary has been archived and will not be updated, because the summarised document is no longer in force or does not reflect the current situation.

Integration of Roma in the area of employment

 

SUMMARY

A Council recommendation adopted in 2013 calls for measures to be taken in a number of areas, including employment, to strengthen the integration of Roma people, Europe’s largest ethnic minority.

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE RECOMMENDATION?

It demonstrates the strong and shared political commitment of all EU countries to strengthen their efforts to:

  • combat social exclusion and discrimination, and
  • achieve real improvements in promoting Roma integration in the areas of employment, education, health and housing.

KEY POINTS

In regard to the equal treatment of Roma in access to the labour market and job opportunities, the recommendation calls on EU countries to take measures to:

  • support first work experience, vocational training, on-the-job training, lifelong learning and skills development,
  • support the self-employed and entrepreneurs,
  • provide equal access to mainstream public employment services, alongside services to support individual job-seekers, focusing on personalised guidance and individual action planning and, where appropriate, promote employment opportunities within the civil service,
  • eliminate barriers, including discrimination, to (re-)entering the labour market.

Monitoring and evaluation

  • EU countries need to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the measures that they take both in terms of their national Roma integration strategies and within their broader social inclusion policies (e.g. fighting poverty).
  • This can be done by setting targets or by collecting qualitative or quantitative data on the social and economic effects of the measures taken.
  • The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) has developed a multiannual Roma programme (2012–2020). It prepares regular reports on progress made and provides evidence-based advice to the EU institutions and EU countries based on data gathered from across the EU.
  • In 2014, the FRA published a report on poverty and employment among Roma. It concluded that although most Roma actively seek jobs, only about a third of those surveyed had paid work, which is often precarious and informal. It revealed particularly low employment rates among young Roma.

Reporting and follow-up

EU countries are to report to the European Commission by 1 January 2016 any measures taken in line with the recommendation. Thereafter, they are to provide this information on an annual basis.

The Commission, in turn, ensures that the information provided serves as a basis for its annual report on the implementation of national Roma integration strategies.

The results also feed into the European Semester process for economic policy coordination. Since 2012, as part of the European Semester, the Council has issued country-specific recommendations to five countries with large Roma communities (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia).

BACKGROUND

ACT

Council Recommendation of 9 December 2013 on effective Roma integration measures in the Member States (OJ C 378, 24.12.2013, pp. 1–7)

RELATED ACTS

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions — An EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020 (COM(2011) 173 final of 5 April 2011)

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions — Report on the implementation of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies 2015 (COM(2015) 299 final of 17 June 2015)

last update 15.10.2015

Top