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Document 42014X0329(02)

Regulation No 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of enhanced Child Restraint Systems used on board of motor vehicles (ECRS)

OJ L 97, 29.3.2014, p. 21–128 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2014/129/oj

29.3.2014   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 97/21


Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date of entry into force of this Regulation should be checked in the latest version of the UN/ECE status document TRANS/WP.29/343, available at: http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29fdocstts.html

Regulation No 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of enhanced Child Restraint Systems used on board of motor vehicles (ECRS)

Incorporating all valid text up to:

Supplement 2 to the original version of the Regulation - Date of entry into force: 10 June 2014

CONTENTS

REGULATION

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Markings

5.

Approval

6.

General specifications

7.

Tests

8.

Test reports of type approval and of production qualification

9.

Production qualification

10.

Conformity of production and routine tests

11.

Modification and extension of approval of a Child Restraint System

12.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

13.

Production definitively discontinued

14.

Information for users

15.

Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of Type Approval Authorities

ANNEXES

1

Communication

2

Arrangements of the approval mark

3

Arrangement of apparatus for dust resistance test

4

Corrosion test

5

Abrasion and microslip test

6

Description of trolley

7

Curve of trolley's deceleration or acceleration, as function of time

8

Description of dummies

9

Frontal impact test against a barrier

10

Rear impact test procedure

11

Type approval scheme (Flow chart ISO 9002:2000)

12

Control of conformity of production

13

Test of energy absorbing material

14

Method of defining head impact area of devices with backrests and for rearward-facing devices defining the minimum size of side wings

15

Description of conditioning of adjusters mounted directly on Child Restraint Systems

16

Typical buckle strength test device

17

Determination of performance criteria

18

Geometrical dimensions of i-Size Child Restraint Systems

19

Assessment volumes for i-size support-legs and support-leg feet

20

Minimum list of documents required for approval

21

Load application devices

1.   SCOPE

This Regulation applies (in its Phase 1) to Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems (i-Size) and Integral "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems for child occupants of power driven vehicles.

2.   DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this Regulation,

2.1.

"Child Restraint System" (CRS) means a device capable of accommodating a child occupant in a sitting or supine position. It is so designed as to diminish the risk of injury to the wearer, in the event of a collision or of abrupt deceleration of the vehicle, by limiting the mobility of the child’s body.

2.2.

"Child restraint type" means a Child Restraint System which does not differ in such essential respects as:

 

The category in which the restraint is type approved;

 

The design, material and construction of the Child Restraint System.

 

Convertible or modular Child Restraint Systems shall be considered to not differ in their design, material and construction.

2.3.

"i-Size" (Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems) is a category of Child Restraint System for use in all i-Size seating position of a vehicle, as defined and approved according to Regulation Nos. 14 and 16.

2.4.

"Integral" is a class of Child Restraint System, meaning that the child is restrained only by components which comprise the Child Restraint System (e.g. strap harness, shield, etc.), and not by means connected directly to the vehicle (e.g; seat belt).

2.5.

"ISOFIX" is a system that provides a method of connecting a Child Restraint System to a vehicle. It is based on two vehicle anchorages and two corresponding attachments on the Child Restraint System in conjunction with a means to limit the pitch rotation of the Child Restraint System. All three vehicle anchorages are to be approved according to Regulation No. 14.

2.6.

"ISOFIX Universal" is an ISOFIX comprising either a top-tether or a support-leg, to limit the pitch rotation of the Child Restraint System, attached to, or supported by, the corresponding vehicle.

2.7.

"Specific vehicle ISOFIX" is a category of Child Restraint System connecting to specific vehicle types. All vehicle anchorages are to be approved according to Regulation No. 14. It is also an indication for Child Restraint Systems including dashboard as a vehicle contact zone.

2.8.

"Size" indicates the stature of the Child for whom the Child Restraint System has been designed and approved. Child restraint systems may cover any size range provided that all requirements are fulfilled.

2.9.

"Orientation" indicates a direction in which a Child Restraint System has been approved for use. The following distinctions are made:

(a)

Forward-facing means facing in the normal direction of travel of the vehicle;

(b)

Rearward-facing means facing in the direction opposite to the normal direction of travel of the vehicle;

(c)

Lateral-facing means facing perpendicular to the normal direction of travel of the vehicle.

2.10.

"Special Needs Restraint" is a Child Restraint System designed for children who have special needs as a result of either a physical or mental disability; this device may in particular permit additional restraining devices for any part of the child, but it shall contain as a minimum a primary means of restraint which complies with the requirements of this Regulation.

2.11.

"ISOFIX anchorage system" means a system made up of two ISOFIX low anchorages fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No. 14 which is designed for attaching an ISOFIX Child Restraint System in conjunction with an anti-rotation device.

2.11.1.

"ISOFIX low anchorage" means one 6 mm diameter rigid round horizontal bar, extending from vehicle or seat structure to accept and restrain an ISOFIX Child Restraint System with ISOFIX attachments.

2.11.2.

"ISOFIX attachment" means one of the two connections, fulfilling the requirement of paragraph 6.3.3. of this Regulation, extending from the ISOFIX Child Restraint System structure, and compatible with an ISOFIX low anchorage.

2.12.

"Anti-rotation device" means a device intended to limit the rotation of the Child Restraint System during a vehicle impact and consisting of:

(a)

A top-tether strap; or

(b)

A support-leg.

Meeting the requirements of this Regulation and fitted to an ISOFIX anchorage system and ISOFIX top tether anchorages or vehicle floor contact surface meeting the requirements of Regulation No. 14.

An "Anti-rotation device" for a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint System may comprise a top tether, a support-leg or any other means capable of limiting the rotation.

2.13.

"ISOFIX top tether strap" means a webbing strap (or equivalent) which extends from the top of an ISOFIX Child Restraint System to the ISOFIX top tether anchorage, and which is equipped with an adjustment device, a tension-relieving device, and an ISOFIX top tether connector.

2.13.1.

"ISOFIX top tether anchorage" means a feature fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No. 14, such as a bar, located in a defined zone, designed to accept an ISOFIX top tether connector and transfer its restraint force to the vehicle structure.

2.13.2.

"ISOFIX top tether connector" means a device intended to be attached to an ISOFIX top tether anchorage.

2.13.3.

"ISOFIX top tether hook" means an ISOFIX top tether connector typically used to attach an ISOFIX top tether strap to an ISOFIX top tether anchorage as defined in Figure 3 of Regulation No. 14.

2.13.4.

"ISOFIX top tether attachment" is a device to secure the ISOFIX top tether strap to the ISOFIX Child Restraint System.

2.14.

"Tension relieving device" means a system which allows to release the device that adjusts and maintains the tension in the ISOFIX top tether strap.

2.15.

"Support-leg" means an anti–rotation device permanently attached to a Child Restraint System creating a load path between the Child Restraint System and the vehicle structure. A support-leg shall be adjustable in length (Z direction) and may be additionally adjustable in other directions.

2.15.1.

"Support-leg foot" means one or more part(s) of the support-leg of the Child Restraint System intended (by design) to engage with the vehicle floor contact surface and designed to transmit the loading from the support-leg to the vehicle structure during a frontal impact.

2.15.2.

"Support-leg foot contact surface" means the surface of the support-leg foot physically in contact with the vehicle floor contact surface and designed to spread the loads across the vehicle structure.

2.15.3.

"Support-leg foot assessment volume" describes a spatial volume which denotes both the extent and limitations for the movement of the support-leg foot. It corresponds to the support-leg foot assessment volume for vehicles, as defined in Annex 10 of Regulation No. 14.

2.15.4.

"Support-leg dimension assessment volume" means a volume defining the maximum dimensions of a support-leg, corresponding to the support-leg installation assessment volume for vehicles, as defined in Annex 17 of Regulation No. 16, ensuring the dimensional installation of a support-leg of an i-Size CRS in an i-Size seating position of a vehicle.

Image 1

2.16.

"CRF pitch angle" is the angle between the bottom surface of the fixture ISO/F2 (B) as defined in Regulation No. 16 (Annex 17, Appendix 2, Figure 2) and the horizontal Z plane of the vehicle as defined in Regulation No. 14 (Annex 4, Appendix 2), with the fixture installed in the vehicle as defined in Regulation No. 16 (Annex 17, Appendix 2).

Image 2

2.17.

"Vehicle Seat Fixture (VSF)" means a fixture, according to ISOFIX size classes whose dimensions are given in Figures 1 to 6 of Appendix 2 to Annex 17 to Regulation No. 16, used by a Child Restraint System manufacturer to determine the appropriate dimensions of an ISOFIX Child Restraint System and the location of its ISOFIX attachments.

2.18.

"Child-safety chair" means a Child Restraint System incorporating a chair in which the child is held.

2.19.

"Chair" means a structure which is a constituent part of the Child Restraint System and is intended to accommodate a child in a seated position.

2.20.

"Chair support" means that part of a Child Restraint System by which the chair can be raised.

2.21.

"Belt" means a child restraint comprising a combination of straps with a securing buckle, adjusting devices and attachments.

2.22.

"Harness belt" means a belt assembly comprising a lap belt, shoulder restraints and a crotch strap.

2.23.

"Y-shaped belt" means a belt where the combination of straps is formed by a strap to be guided between the child's legs and a strap for each shoulder.

2.24.

"Carry cot" means a restraint system intended to accommodate and restrain the child in a supine or prone position with the child's spine perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. It is so designed as to distribute the restraining forces over the child's head and body excluding its limbs in the event of a collision.

2.25.

"Carry-cot restraint" means a device used to restrain a carry-cot to the structure of the vehicle.

2.26.

"Infant carrier" means a restraint system intended to accommodate the child in a rearward-facing semi-recumbent position. It is so designed as to distribute the restraining forces over the child's head and body excluding its limbs in the event of the frontal collision.

2.27.

"Child support" means that part of a Child Restraint System by which the child can be raised within the Child Restraint System.

2.28.

"Impact shield" means a device secured in front of the child and designed to distribute the restraining forces over the greater part of the height of the child's body in the event of a frontal impact.

2.29.

"Strap" means a flexible component designed to transmit forces.

2.30.

"Lap strap" means a strap which, either in the form of a complete belt or in the form of a component of such a belt passes across the front of, and restrains, directly or not, the child's pelvis.

2.31.

"Shoulder strap" means that part of a belt which restrains the child's upper torso.

2.32.

"Crotch strap" means a strap (or divided straps, where two or more pieces of webbing make it) attached to the Child Restraint System and the lap strap and is so positioned as to pass between the child's thighs; it is designed to prevent the child sliding under the lap belt in normal use and prevent the lap belt moving up off the pelvis in an impact.

2.33.

"Child-restraining strap" means a strap which is a constituent part of the belt (harness) and restrains only the body of the child.

2.34.

"Buckle" means a quick release device which enables the child to be held by the restraint or the restraint by the structure of the car and can be quickly opened. The buckle may incorporate the adjusting device.

2.35.

"Enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall not be possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40 mm.

2.36.

"Non-enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall be possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40 mm.

2.37.

"Adjusting device" means a device enabling the belt or its attachments to be adjusted to the physique of the wearer. The adjusting device may either be part of the buckle or be a retractor or any other part of the belt.

2.38.

"Quick adjuster" means an adjusting device which can be operated by one hand in one smooth movement.

2.39.

"Adjuster mounted directly on Child Restraint System" means an adjuster for the harness belt which is directly mounted on the Child Restraint System, as opposed to being directly supported by the strap that it is designed to adjust.

2.40.

"Energy absorber" means a device which is designed to dissipate energy independently of or jointly with the strap and forms part of a Child Restraint System.

2.41.

"Retractor" means a device designed to accommodate a part or the whole of the strap of a Child Restraint System. The term covers the following devices:

2.41.1.

"Automatically-locking retractor", a retractor which allows extraction of the desired length of a strap and, when the buckle is fastened, automatically adjusts the strap to the wearer's physique, further extraction of the strap without voluntary intervention by the wearer being prevented.

2.41.2.

"Emergency-locking retractor", a retractor which does not restrict the strap wearer's freedom of movement in normal driving conditions. Such a device has length-adjusting devices which automatically adjust the strap to the wearer's physique, and a locking mechanism actuated in an emergency by:

2.41.2.1.

Deceleration of the vehicle, extraction of the strap from the retractor, or any other automatic means (single sensitivity);

2.41.2.2.

A combination of any of these means (multiple sensitivity).

2.42.

"Inclined position" means a special position of the chair which allows the child to recline.

2.43.

"Lying down/supine/prone position" means a position where at least the child's head and body excluding its limbs are on a horizontal surface when at rest in the restraint.

2.44.

"Vehicle seat" means a structure, which may or may not be integral with the vehicle structure, complete with trim and intended to seat one adult person. In this respect:

 

"Group of vehicle seats" means either a bench seat or a plurality of seats which are separate but side by side (i.e. so fixed that the front anchorages of one seat are in line with the front or rear anchorages of another seat or on a line passing between those anchorages), each seat accommodating one or more seated adult persons.

 

"Vehicle bench seat" means a structure complete with trim and intended to seat more than one adult person.

 

"Vehicle front seats" means the group of seats situated foremost in the passenger compartment, i.e. having no other seat directly in front of them.

 

"Vehicle rear seats" are fixed, forward-facing seats situated behind another group of vehicle seats.

2.45.

"Seat type" means a category of adult seats which do not differ in such essential respects as the shape, dimensions and materials of the seat structure, the types and dimensions of the seat-lock adjustment and locking systems, and the type and dimensions of the adult safety-belt anchorage on the seat, of the seat anchorage, and of the affected parts of the vehicle structure.

2.46.

"Adjustment system" means the complete device by which the vehicle seat or its parts can be adjusted to suit the physique of the seat's adult occupant; this device may, in particular, permit longitudinal displacement, and/or vertical displacement, and/or angular displacement.

2.47.

"Vehicle seat anchorage" means the system, including the affected parts of the vehicle structure, by which the adult seat as a whole is secured to the vehicle structure.

2.48.

"Displacement system" means a device enabling the adult seat or one of its parts to be displaced angularly or longitudinally, without a fixed intermediate position, to facilitate the entry and exit of passengers and the loading and unloading of objects.

2.49.

"Locking system" means a device ensuring that the adult seat and its parts are maintained in the position of use.

2.50.

"Seat bight" means the area close to the intersection of the surfaces of the vehicle seat cushion and the seat-back.

2.51.

"ISOFIX position" means a location which allows for the installation of either:

(a)

Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint System as defined in Regulation No. 44; or

(b)

A "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint System as defined in Regulation No. 44 or a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" as defined in this Regulation; or

(c)

An i-Size Child Restraint System suitable for use in specific ISOFIX seating positions as defined by the vehicle manufacturer according to Regulation 16.

2.52.

"Type approval test", means a test to determine the extent to which a Child Restraint System type submitted for approval is capable of satisfying the requirements.

2.53.

"Production qualification test (qualification of production test)", means a test to determine whether the manufacturer is able to produce a Child Restraint System in conformity with the Child Restraint Systems submitted for type approval.

2.54.

"Routine testing" (or conformity of production testing), means the testing of a number of restraint systems selected from a single batch to verify the extent to which they satisfy the requirements.

2.55.

"Shoulder strap positioner" means a device intended to maintain, during normal transit conditions, the appropriate shoulder strap position on the child’s torso by connecting the shoulder straps to one another.

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.

The application for approval of a type of Child Restraint System shall be submitted by the holder of the trade mark or by his duly accredited representative and follow the type approval scheme described in Annex 11.

3.2.

The application for approval, relating to each type of Child Restraint System, shall be accompanied by:

3.2.1.

A technical description of the Child Restraint System, specifying the straps and other materials used together with the predicted and reproducible behaviour of load limiting devices. It shall be accompanied by drawings of the parts making up the Child Restraint System and in the case of retractors, installation instructions for these retractors and their sensing devices, declaration on toxicity (para. 6.3.1.1.) and flammability (para. 6.3.1.2.), the drawings shall show the position intended for a single approval number and additional symbol(s) in relation to the circle of the approval mark;

3.2.2.

The applicant shall indicate the kind of application:

(a)

Application for an i-Size Child Restraint Systems; or

(b)

Application for a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems.

3.2.3.

For Child Restraint Systems tested on the test trolley in a vehicle body shell in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.2. of this Regulation or in a complete vehicle in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.3. of this Regulation, the applicant shall submit documentation (drawings and/or pictures) regarding the combination of the Child Restraint System and the car or the ISOFIX seating position and the relevant car environment for which the manufacturer has requested a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" approval. This documentation needs to indicate:

(a)

The available area around the Child Restraint System when installed on the seating position. In particular it shall include parts which might interfere with the Child Restraint System during an impact;

(b)

All relevant vehicle parts which might influence the (rotational) movement of the Child Restraint System during an impact, due to their strength or stiffness.

3.2.4.

Samples of the Child Restraint System requested by the Technical Service responsible for conducting the test;

3.2.5.

A 10-metre length of each type of strap used in the Child Restraint System; and

3.2.6.

Instructions and details of packaging in accordance with paragraph 14. of this Regulation.

3.2.7.

In case of a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" application when tests are performed in a vehicle body shell, a body of the vehicle, including adult seats and the relevant parts of the car environment shall be available.

3.3.

Annex 20 lists the minimum documents required to accompany the application for approval as indicated in paragraph 3.2. above and required elsewhere in this Regulation.

3.4.

The Type Approval Authority of a Contracting Party shall verify, before granting type approval the existence of satisfactory arrangements and procedures for ensuring effective control so that Child Restraint Systems, equipment or parts when in production conform to the approved type.

4.   MARKINGS

4.1.   The samples of Child Restraint Systems submitted for approval in conformity with the provisions of paragraphs 3.2.4. and 3.2.5. above shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the manufacturer's name, initials or trade mark.

4.2.   The Child Restraint System, except the strap(s) or harness, shall be marked clearly and indelibly with the year of production.

4.3.   The orientation of the Child Restraint System relative to the vehicle shall be clearly indicated on the product.

The marking defined in this paragraph shall be visible with the Child Restraint System in the vehicle, with the child in the Child Restraint System.

4.4.   On the visible inner surface (including the side wing beside the child's head) in the approximate area where the child's head rests within the Child Restraint System, rearward facing restraints shall have the following label permanently attached (the information shown is a minimum).

Label minimum size: 60 × 120 mm.

The label shall be stitched to the cover around its entire perimeter and/or permanently bonded to the cover over its entire back surface. Any other form of attachment that is permanent and not liable to removal from the product or to becoming obscured is acceptable. Flag type labels are specifically prohibited.

If sections of the restraint or any accessories supplied by the Child Restraint System manufacturer are able to obscure the label an additional label is required. One warning label shall be permanently visible in all situations when the restraint is prepared for use in any configuration.

Image 3

4.5.   In the case of Child Restraint Systems that can be used forward facing, it shall have the following label permanently attached and visible to the person installing a child restraint in the vehicle:

 

The manufacturer shall be permitted to include the word "months" to explain the symbol "M" in the label. The word "months" should be in a language commonly spoken in the country or countries where the product is sold. More than one language is allowed.

 

Minimum label size 40 × 40 mm

Image 4

4.6.   i-Size marking

The following information shall be permanently visible to someone installing the Child Restraint System in a vehicle:

4.6.1.

The i-Size logo. The symbol shown below shall have minimum dimension of 25 × 25 mm and the pictogram shall contrast with the background. The pictogram shall be clearly visible either by means of contrasting colors or by adequate relief if it is molded or embossed;

Image 5

4.6.2.

The size range of the Child Restraint System in centimeters;

4.6.3.

The maximum occupant mass allowed for the Child Restraint System in kilograms.

4.7.   "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" marking

The "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" child restraint system shall have a permanently attached label, visible to the person installing the child restraint system in the car, containing the following information:

"SPECIFIC VEHICLE ISOFIX"

Image 6

4.8.   Additional markings

The following information may be conveyed by pictograms and/or text. The marking shall indicate:

(a)

The essential relevant steps needed for making the Child Restraint System ready for installation. For example, the method of extending the ISOFIX attachment(s) shall be explained;

(b)

The position, function, and interpretation of any indicator shall be explained;

(c)

The position and if necessary the routing of top tethers, or other means of limiting Child Restraint System rotation requiring action by the user, shall be indicated using one of the following symbols as appropriate;

Image 7

(d)

The adjustment of ISOFIX latches and the top tether, or other means of limiting Child Restraint System rotation, requiring action by the user shall be indicated;

(e)

The marking shall be permanently attached and be visible to a user installing the Child Restraint System;

(f)

Where necessary reference should be made to the Child Restraint System user instructions and to the location of that document using the symbol below.

Image 8

5.   APPROVAL

5.1.

Each sample submitted in conformity with paragraphs 3.2.4. and 3.2.5. above shall meet the specifications set forth in paragraphs 6. to 7. of this Regulation in every respect before approval can be granted.

5.2.

An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 00 corresponding to the 00 series of amendments which entered into force on 9 July 2013) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another type of Child Restraint System covered by this Regulation.

A type of Child Restraint System approved according to this Regulation shall not bear another approval mark according to Regulation No. 44 (Child Restraint Systems).

5.3.

Notice of approval or of extension or refusal of approval of a Child Restraint System pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

5.4.

In addition to the marks prescribed in paragraph 4. above, the following particulars shall be affixed in a suitable space to every Child Restraint System conforming to a type approved under this Regulation:

5.4.1.

An international approval mark consisting of:

5.4.1.1.

A circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval (1);

5.4.1.2.

An approval number, the words "Regulation No." followed by the number of this Regulation, a slash and the series of amendment("Regulation No. XXX/XX");

5.4.2.

The following additional symbols:

5.4.2.1.

The words "i-Size universal ISOFIX" or "specific vehicle ISOFIX" depending on the category of Child Restraint System;

5.4.2.2.

The size range for which the Child Restraint System has been designed;

5.4.2.3.

The symbol "S" in the case of a "Special Needs Restraint".

5.5.

Annex 2 to this Regulation gives an example of the arrangement of the approval mark.

5.6.

The particulars referred to in paragraph 5.4. above shall be clearly legible and be indelible, and may be affixed either by means of a label or by direct marking. The label or marking shall be resistant to wear.

5.7.

The labels referred to in paragraph 5.6. above may be issued either by the Type Approval Authority which has granted the approval or, subject to that Type Approval Authority's authorization, by the manufacturer.

6.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1.   Positioning and securing on the vehicle

6.1.1.   Child Restraint Systems in the i-Size category are for use in i-Size seating positions, when the Child Restraint Systems are fitted in conformity with the vehicle manufacturer's instructions.

Child Restraint Systems in the "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category are for use in all ISOFIX positions and also in the luggage area, if the restraints are fitted in conformity with the vehicle manufacturer's instructions.

6.1.2.   According to the category in which it belongs to, see Table 1, the Child Restraint System shall be secured to the vehicle structure or to the vehicle seat structure:

6.1.2.1.

For i-Size category, this shall be by means of two ISOFIX attachments with the addition of an anti-rotation device for both forward and rearward-facing Child Restraint System;

6.1.2.2.

For "Specific Vehicle ISOFIX" category: this shall be by means of the ISOFIX attachments designed by the manufacturer of the Child Restraint System, secured to ISOFIX anchorage system as designed by the vehicle manufacturer.

Table 1

Possible configurations for type approval

 

Orientation

Category

 

 

i-Size CRS

Integral Specific Vehicle ISOFIX CRS

INTEGRAL

Lateral facing (carry-cot)

NA

A

Rearward facing

A

A

Forward facing (integral)

A

A

With:

CRS: Child Restraint System

A: Applicable

NA: Non-Applicable

6.1.3.   For children under the age of 15 months only lateral facing or rearward facing Child Restraint System shall be used.

That means:

(a)

A Child Restraint System designed for children up to 15 months of age shall be rearward facing and accommodate at least a child with a stature of 83 cm;

(b)

A forward facing Child Restraint System shall not be designed to accommodate a stature below 71 cm;

(c)

A convertible seat in its rearward facing configuration shall be able to accommodate a child with a stature up to 83 cm. This shall not preclude a child stature greater than 83 cm.

The use of rearward facing Child Restraint System may be applied to any age of child.

6.2.   Configuration of the Child Restraint System

6.2.1.   The configuration of the Child Restraint System shall be such that:

6.2.1.1.

The restraint of the child shall give the required protection in any position specified for the Child Restraint System;

For "Special Needs Restraints" the primary means of restraint shall give the required protection in any intended position of the Child Restraint System without the use of the additional restraining devices which may be present;

6.2.1.2.

The Child Restraint System shall be such that the child may be easily and readily restrained or removed. In the case of a Child Restraint System in which the child is restrained by means of a harness belt or a Y-shaped belt without a retractor each shoulder restraint and lap strap shall be capable of movement relative to each other during the procedure prescribed in paragraph 6.7.1.4. below; in these cases the belt assembly of the Child Restraint System may be designed with two or more connecting parts.

For "Special Needs Restraints" it is recognized that the additional restraining devices will restrict the speed by which a child can be restrained and removed. However, the additional devices shall be designed to release quickly so far as possible;

6.2.1.3.

If it is possible to change the inclination of the Child Restraint System, this change in inclination shall not require manual readjustment of any other part of the Child Restraint System. A deliberate hand-action shall be necessary in order to change the inclination of the Child Restraint System;

6.2.1.4.

To prevent submarining, either by impact or through restlessness, a crotch strap shall be required on all forward-facing restraints incorporating an integral harness belt system.

6.2.1.5.

All restraint devices utilizing a "lap strap" must positively guide the "lap strap" to ensure that the loads transmitted by the "lap strap" are transmitted through the pelvis. The assembly shall not subject weak parts of the child’s body (abdomen, crotch, etc.) to excessive stresses. The design shall be such that compression loads shall not be imposed on the crown of the child’s head in the event of a collision;

6.2.1.6.

All straps of the restraint shall be so placed that they cannot cause discomfort to the wearer in normal use or assume a dangerous configuration. The distance between the shoulder-straps in the vicinity of the neck should be at least the width of the neck of the appropriate dummy.

6.2.1.7.

With the crotch strap attached and in its longest position if adjustable, it shall not be possible to adjust the lap strap to lie above the pelvis of both the smallest and largest dummy within the mass groups covered by the approval. For all forward-facing restraints, it shall not be possible to adjust the lap strap to lie above the pelvis of both the smallest and largest dummy within the mass groups covered by the approval.

6.2.1.8.

During the dynamic test, as prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3., the lap belt shall not pass fully beyond the pelvic structure of the dummy during the period prior to maximum horizontal head excursion. An assessment shall be carried out using high speed video imaging.

6.2.2.   The Child Restraint System shall be designed and installed so as to:

6.2.2.1.

Not exhibit sharp edges or protrusions liable to cause damage to vehicle-seat covers or to occupant's clothing;

6.2.2.2.

To ensure that its rigid parts do not, at any point, where they are in contact with straps, exhibit sharp edges capable of abrading the straps.

6.2.3.   It shall not be possible to remove or detach without the use of specific tools, any components not designed to be removable or detachable. Any components that are designed to be removable for maintenance or adjustment purpose shall be so designed as to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly and use, as the assembly and disassembly processes shall be explained in detail in the restraint user guides. Any harness belt shall be capable of its full range of adjustment without disassembly.

6.2.4.   "Special Needs Restraints" may have additional restraining devices; these shall be designed to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly, and shall be designed so that their means of release and mode of operation is immediately obvious to any rescuer in an emergency.

6.2.5.   A Child Restraint System may be designed for use in any range of size specified by the manufacturer provided that it satisfies the requirements laid down in this Regulation.

6.2.6.   Child Restraint Systems incorporating inflatable elements shall be so designed that the conditions of use (pressure, temperature, humidity) have no influence on their ability to comply with the requirements of this Regulation.

6.3.   Child Restraint System specifications

6.3.1   Material

6.3.1.1.   The Child Restraint System manufacturer shall declare in writing that the toxicity of materials used in the manufacture of restraint systems and accessible to the restrained child is in conformity with the relevant parts of EN 71-3:1994/A1:2000/AC. Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of the test authority.

6.3.1.2.   The Child Restraint System manufacturer shall declare in writing that the flammability of materials used to manufacture the restraint system is in conformity with the relevant paragraphs of EN 71-2:2011. Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of the test authority.

6.3.2.   General characteristics

6.3.2.1.   Internal geometric characteristics

The Technical Service conducting the approval tests shall verify that the internal dimensions of the Child Restraint System conform to the requirements of Annex 18. For any size within the size range declared by the manufacturer the minimum dimensions for shoulder breadth, hip breadth and sitting height shall be fulfilled together with the minimum and maximum dimensions of shoulder height.

6.3.2.2.   External dimensions

The maximum dimensions for width, height and depth of the Child Restraint System and the locations of the ISOFIX anchorages system with which its attachments shall engage, shall be defined by the Vehicle Seat Fixture (VSF) as defined in paragraph 2.17. of this Regulation.

(a)

i-Size Forward facing Child Restraint Systems shall fit within the ISO/F2x size envelope for a reduced-height forward-facing toddler CRS (height 650 mm) ISOFIX SIZE CLASS B1;

(b)

i-Size Rearward facing Child Restraint Systems shall fit within the ISO/R2 size envelope for a reduced-size rearward-facing toddler CRS ISOFIX SIZE CLASS D;

(c)

"Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems may fit within any ISO size envelope.

6.3.2.3.   Mass

The mass of an integral ISOFIX Child Restraint System (i-Size Child Restraint System included) combined with the mass of the largest child intended to use the Child Restraint System shall not exceed 33 kg. This mass limit is also applicable for "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems.

6.3.3.   ISOFIX attachments

6.3.3.1.   Type

ISOFIX attachments may be according to examples shown in Figure 0(a), or other appropriate designs that are part of a rigid mechanism having provision for adjustment, the nature of which is determined by the ISOFIX Child Restraint System manufacturer.

Figure 0(a)

Key

1

ISOFIX Child Restraint System attachment — example 1

2

ISOFIX Child Restraint System attachment — example 2

Image 9

6.3.3.2.   Dimensions

Dimensions for the portion of the ISOFIX Child Restraint System attachment that engages the ISOFIX anchorage system shall not exceed the maximum dimensions given by the envelope in Figure 0(b).

Figure 0(b)

Image 10

6.3.3.3.   Partial latching indication

The ISOFIX Child Restraint System shall incorporate means by which there is a clear indication that both of the ISOFIX attachments are completely latched with the corresponding ISOFIX lower anchorages. The indication means may be audible, tactile or visual or a combination of two or more. In case of visual indication it shall be detectable under all normal lighting conditions.

6.3.4.   ISOFIX Child Restraint System top tether strap specifications

6.3.4.1.   Top tether connector

The top tether connector shall be ISOFIX top tether hook as shown in Figure 0(c), or similar devices that fit within the envelope given by Figure 0(c).

6.3.4.2.   ISOFIX top tether strap features

The ISOFIX top tether strap shall be supported by webbing (or its equivalent), having a provision for adjustment and release of tension.

6.3.4.2.1.   ISOFIX Top tether strap length

ISOFIX Child Restraint System top tether strap length shall be at least 2,000 mm.

6.3.4.2.2.   No-slack indicator

The ISOFIX top tether strap or the ISOFIX Child Restraint System shall be equipped with a device that will indicate that all slack has been removed from the strap. The device may be part of an adjustment and tension relieving device.

6.3.4.2.3.   Dimensions

Engagement dimensions for ISOFIX top tether hooks are shown in Figure 0(c).

Figure 0(c)

ISOFIX top tether connector (hook type) dimensions