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Document 52021DC0460

DRAFT AMENDING BUDGET No 5 TO THE GENERAL BUDGET 2021 Humanitarian support to refugees in Turkey

COM/2021/460 final

Brussels, 9.7.2021

COM(2021) 460 final

2021/0226(BUD)

DRAFT AMENDING BUDGET No 5
TO THE GENERAL BUDGET 2021

Humanitarian support to refugees in Turkey







Having regard to:

the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 314 thereof, in conjunction with the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, and in particular Article 106a thereof,

Council Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 of 14 December 2020 on the system of own resources of the European Union 1 , entered into force on 1 June 2021,

Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union (…) 2 , and in particular Article 44 thereof,

the general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2021, as adopted on 18 December 2020 3 ,

amending budget No 1/2021 4 , adopted on 18 May 2021,

draft amending budget No 1/2021 5 , adopted on 22 January 2021,

draft amending budget No 3/2021 6 , adopted on 15 April 2021,

draft amending budget No 4/2021 7 , adopted on 2 July 2021,

The European Commission hereby presents to the European Parliament and to the Council Draft Amending Budget No°5/2021 to the 2021 budget.

CHANGES TO THE STATEMENT OF REVENUE BY SECTION

The changes to the general statement of revenue and in section III are available on EUR-Lex ( https://eur-lex.europa.eu/budget/www/index-en.htm ).



Table of Contents

1.    Introduction    

2.    Humanitarian support to refugees in Turkey    

3.    Financing    

4.    Summary table by MFF heading    

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1.    Introduction

The purpose of Draft Amending Budget (DAB) No 5 for the year 2021 is to provide continued support to the most vulnerable of the around 3,7 million refugees in Turkey as a consequence of the Syria crisis. This DAB represents the first component of the Commission’s formal proposals for the continuation of financing for Syrian refugees and host communities in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and other parts of the region within the context of the EU’s overall migration policy. Under the MFF heading 6 “Neighbourhood and the World”, EUR 149,6 million in commitment appropriations are requested to ensure the continuation of humanitarian support to refugees in Turkey. No additional payment appropriations are requested for this purpose in 2021.

2.    Humanitarian support to refugees in Turkey

Turkey currently hosts the largest refugee population in the world – close to 4,1 million. Some 3,7 million of them are Syrians who fled the ongoing conflict that has been ravaging their country for over 10 years. The situation might be aggravated depending on the developments in Afghanistan. The vast majority of refugees in Turkey live outside camps, with growing but still limited access to basic services. The European Union, in close cooperation with the Turkish authorities, has been assisting the most vulnerable people based on humanitarian needs.

Following the EU-Turkey Statement signed by EU Heads of State or Government and their Turkish counterpart on 18 March 2016, the Commission and Member States committed in two tranches EUR 6 billion in EU assistance to refugees in Turkey for 2016-2019, delivered through the Facility for Refugees in Turkey. The operational envelope of this funding has been committed and contracted in full. Disbursements reached EUR 4,2 billion by end of May 2021 in line with the planning.

The publication of the fifth annual report on the EU Facility for refugees in Turkey 8 gives evidence of the results achieved so far, and how vital the Facility is in supporting refugees and host communities in Turkey.

In 2020, EUR 485 million from the EU budget (from the margin under the expenditure heading of Heading 4 “Global Europe” and the Contingency Margin) was allocated in the amending budget 5/2020 9 to be able to continue the two key humanitarian flagship programmes - the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) and the Conditional Cash Transfer for Education (CCTE).

The Commission will put forward proposals for the continuation of financing for Syrian refugees and host communities in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and other parts of the region. This DAB proposes the necessary reinforcement to put in place the humanitarian component of this package of support to refugees in Turkey.

As part of the strategy of transition from humanitarian to development assistance and the longer term transition strategy with the Turkish authorities, the Conditional Cash Transfer for Education (CCTE) will transition to development assistance at the end of the school year 2021/2022 by mid-2022. However, the transition of the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) to development assistance is planned to take place in early 2023, i.e. beyond the expiry of the current agreement in March 2022. Approximately EUR 325 million in commitment appropriations is therefore needed to extend the coverage of the ESSN support - which provides monthly cash transfers to over 1,8 million refugees - from March 2022 until the beginning of 2023.

The Commission proposes to finance the extension of this support by using the remaining Heading 6 margin in 2021, with the balance coming from the Humanitarian Aid envelope in 2021 and 2022.

Budget line

Name

Commitment appropriations

Payment appropriations

14 03 01

Humanitarian aid

149 643 796

Total    

149 643 796

3.    Financing

Apart from the use of the existing Humanitarian Aid envelope, there are currently no other redeployment possibilities under MFF Heading 6. In addition to the EUR 100,4 million to be committed under the Humanitarain Aid envelope this year, the Commission therefore proposes to mobilise the full unallocated margin under this heading of EUR 149,6 million to finance the urgent humanitarian support to refugees in Turkey. The balance required – currently estimated at EUR 75 million - will be committed from the Humanitarian Aid budget line in 2022.

No additional payment appropriations are requested under the 2021 budget. However, the payment appropriations to cover the proposed reinforcement of commitment appropriations in 2021 will be needed in 2022 and 2023. The impact on the 2022 payments will be incorporated in the the amending letter to the 2022 draft budget in October 2021.

4.    Summary table by MFF heading

In EUR

 

Budget 2021 (incl. AB 1/2021, DABs 1-3-4/2021)

Draft Amending Budget 5/2021

Budget 2021 (incl. AB 1/2021, DABs 1-3-4-5/2021)

CA

PA

CA

PA

CA

PA

1.

Single Market, Innovation and Digital

20 816 559 767

17 191 887 232

 

 

20 816 559 767

17 191 887 232

 

Ceiling

20 919 000 000

 

 

 

20 919 000 000

 

 

Margin

102 440 233

 

 

 

102 440 233

 

2.

Cohesion, Resilience and Values

53 077 938 534

66 361 525 904

 

 

53 077 938 534

66 361 525 904

 

Of which under Flexibility Instrument

292 422 534

 

 

 

292 422 534

 

 

Ceiling

52 786 000 000

 

 

 

52 786 000 000

 

 

Margin

484 000

 

 

 

484 000

 

2a.

Economic, social and territorial cohesion

48 190 516 000

61 867 897 545

 

 

48 190 516 000

61 867 897 545

 

Ceiling

48 191 000 000

 

 

 

48 191 000 000

 

 

Margin

484 000

 

 

 

484 000

 

2b.

Resilience and values

4 887 422 534

4 493 628 359

 

 

4 887 422 534

4 493 628 359

 

Of which under Flexibility Instrument

292 422 534

 

 

 

292 422 534

 

 

Ceiling

4 595 000 000

 

 

 

4 595 000 000

 

 

Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Natural Resources and Environment

58 570 566 908

56 806 203 452

 

 

58 570 566 908

56 806 203 452

 

Ceiling

58 624 000 000

 

 

 

58 624 000 000

 

 

Margin

53 433 092

 

 

 

53 433 092

 

 

Of which: Market related expenditure and direct payments

40 367 954 000

40 353 742 883

 

 

40 367 954 000

40 353 742 883

 

EAGF sub-ceiling

40 925 000 000

 

 

 

40 925 000 000

 

 

Rounding difference excluded for calculating the sub-margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net transfers between EAGF and EAFRD

557 046 000

 

 

 

557 046 000

 

 

Net balance available for EAGF expenditure (sub-ceiling corrected by transfers between EAGF and EAFRD)

40 367 954 000

 

 

 

40 367 954 000

 

 

EAGF sub-margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Migration and Border Management

2 278 829 759

2 686 245 978

 

 

2 278 829 759

2 686 245 978

 

Ceiling

2 467 000 000

 

 

 

2 467 000 000

 

 

Margin

188 170 241

 

 

 

188 170 241

 

5.

Security and Defence

1 709 261 441

670 628 243

 

 

1 709 261 441

670 628 243

 

Ceiling

1 805 000 000

 

 

 

1 805 000 000

 

 

Margin

95 738 559

 

 

 

95 738 559

 

6.

Neighbourhood and the World

16 097 356 204

10 811 039 356

149 643 796

 

16 247 000 000

10 811 039 356

 

Ceiling

16 247 000 000

 

 

 

16 247 000 000

 

 

Margin

149 643 796

 

 

 

0

 

7.

European Public Administration

10 442 813 002

10 444 088 091

 

 

10 442 813 002

10 444 088 091

 

Ceiling

10 635 000 000

 

 

 

10 635 000 000

 

 

Margin

192 186 998

 

 

 

192 186 998

 

 

of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions

8 030 324 720

8 031 599 809

 

 

8 030 324 720

8 031 599 809

 

Sub-ceiling

8 216 000 000

 

 

 

8 216 000 000

 

 

Sub-margin

185 675 280

 

 

 

185 675 280

 

Appropriations for headings

162 993 325 615

164 971 618 256

149 643 796

 

163 142 969 411

164 971 618 256

 

Ceiling

163 483 000 000

166 140 000 000

 

 

163 483 000 000

166 140 000 000

 

Of which under Flexibility Instrument

292 422 534

836 562 086

 

 

292 422 534

836 562 086

 

Margin

782 096 919

2 004 943 830

 

 

632 453 123

2 004 943 830

 

Thematic special instruments

3 216 749 598

3 039 364 598

 

 

3 216 749 598

3 039 364 598

Total appropriations

166 210 075 213

168 010 982 854

149 643 796

0

166 359 719 009

168 010 982 854

(1)      Council Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 of 14 December 2020 on the system of own resources of the European Union and repealing Decision 2014/335/EU, Euratom, OJ L 424, 15.12.2020.
(2)      OJ L 193, 30.7.2018.
(3)      OJ L 93, 17.3.2021.
(4)      OJ L XXX, XX.X.2021.
(5)      COM(2021) 30 final.
(6)      COM(2021) 270 final.
(7)      COM(2021) 444 final.
(8)      COM(2021) 255 final
(9)      OJ L 299, 11.9.2020.
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