COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION
amending Implementing Decision 2014/908/EU as regards the lists of third countries and territories whose supervisory and regulatory requirements are considered equivalent for the purposes of the treatment of exposures according to Regulation (EU) No 575/2013
(Text with EEA relevance)
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on prudential requirements for credit institutions and investment firms and amending Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 1 , and in particular Articles 107(4), 114(7), 115(4), 116(5) and 142(2) thereof,
(1)Commission Implementing Decision 2014/908/EU 2 lays down lists of third countries and territories whose supervisory and regulatory arrangements are found equivalent to the corresponding supervisory and regulatory arrangements applied in the Union in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 575/2013.
(2)The Commission has conducted further assessments of the supervisory and regulatory arrangements applicable to credit institutions in third countries and territories. These assessments have enabled the Commission to evaluate the equivalence of these arrangements for the purposes of determining the treatment of the relevant categories of exposures mentioned in Articles 107, 114, 115, 116 and 142 of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013.
(3)The equivalence has been determined by an outcome-based analysis of the third country's regulatory and supervisory arrangements which tests their ability to achieve the same general objectives as the Union's supervisory and regulatory arrangements. The objectives refer, in particular, to the stability and integrity of both the domestic and the global financial system in its entirety; the effectiveness and adequacy of protection of depositors and other consumers of financial services; the cooperation between different actors of the financial system, including regulators and supervisors; the independence and the effectiveness of supervision; and the effective implementation and enforcement of relevant internationally agreed standards. In order to achieve the same general objectives of the Union's supervisory and regulatory arrangements, the supervisory and regulatory arrangements of the third country should comply with a series of operational, organisational and supervisory standards reflecting the essential elements of the Union's supervisory and regulatory requirements applicable to relevant categories of financial institutions.
(4)In its assessments, the Commission has considered relevant developments in the supervisory and regulatory framework since the adoption of Commission Implementing Decision 2016/230/EU 3 and taken into account available sources of information, including assessments made by the European Banking Authority on New Zealand and Turkey, as well as the information provided by Denmark on Faroe Islands and Greenland.
(5)The Commission has concluded that Turkey, New Zealand, Faroe Islands and Greenland have in place supervisory and regulatory arrangements which comply with a series of operational, organisational and supervisory standards reflecting the essential elements of the Union's supervisory and regulatory arrangements applicable to credit institutions. Therefore, it is appropriate to consider the supervisory and regulatory requirements applied to credit institutions located in those third countries and territories as at least equivalent to those applied in the Union for the purposes of Articles 107(4), 114(7), 115(4), 116(5) and Article 142(1)(4)(b) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013.
(6)Implementing Decision 2014/908/EU should therefore be amended to include those third countries and territories in the appropriate list of third countries and territories whose supervisory and regulatory requirements are considered equivalent to the Union’s regime for the purposes of the treatment of exposures according to Regulation (EU) No 575/2013.
(7)The list of third countries and territories considered to be equivalent for the purposes of this Decision is not definitive. The Commission, with the assistance of the European Banking Authority, will continue monitoring on a regular basis the evolution of the supervisory and regulatory arrangements of third countries and territories with a view to updating, as appropriate and at least every 5 years, the lists of third countries and territories set out in this Decision in light, in particular, of the constant development of supervisory and regulatory arrangements, in the Union and at global level, and taking into account new available sources of relevant information.
(8)The regular review of the prudential and supervisory requirements applicable in the third countries and territories listed in the Annexes should be without prejudice to the possibility of the Commission to undertake a specific review relating to an individual third country or territory at any time outside the general review, where relevant developments make it necessary for the Commission to re-assess the recognition granted by this Decision. Such re-assessment could lead to the withdrawal of the recognition of equivalence.
(9)The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the European Banking Committee.
HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION: