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Document L:2021:367:FULL

Official Journal of the European Union, L 367, 15 October 2021


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ISSN 1977-0677

Official Journal

of the European Union

L 367

European flag  

English edition

Legislation

Volume 64
15 October 2021


Contents

 

II   Non-legislative acts

page

 

 

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

 

*

Notice concerning the date of entry into force of the Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Union and the Republic of Cuba pursuant to Article XXVIII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994 relating to the modification of concessions on all the tariff-rate quotas included in the EU Schedule CLXXV as a consequence of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union

1

 

 

REGULATIONS

 

*

Regulation (EU) 2021/1814 of the European Central Bank of 7 October 2021 amending Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 on the powers of the European Central Bank to impose sanctions (ECB/2021/46)

2

 

 

DECISIONS

 

*

Decision (EU) 2021/1815 of the European Central Bank of 7 October 2021 on the methodology applied for the calculation of sanctions for non-compliance with the requirement to hold minimum reserves and related minimum reserve requirements (ECB/2021/45)

4

EN

Acts whose titles are printed in light type are those relating to day-to-day management of agricultural matters, and are generally valid for a limited period.

The titles of all other Acts are printed in bold type and preceded by an asterisk.


II Non-legislative acts

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

15.10.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 367/1


Notice concerning the date of entry into force of the Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Union and the Republic of Cuba pursuant to Article XXVIII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994 relating to the modification of concessions on all the tariff-rate quotas included in the EU Schedule CLXXV as a consequence of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union

The Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Union and the Republic of Cuba pursuant to Article XXVIII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994 relating to the modification of concessions on all the tariff-rate quotas included in the EU Schedule CLXXV as a consequence of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union (1), signed in Brussels on 11 March 2021, entered into force on 7 October 2021.


(1)  OJ L 220, 21.6.2021, p. 3.


REGULATIONS

15.10.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 367/2


REGULATION (EU) 2021/1814 OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK

of 7 October 2021

amending Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 on the powers of the European Central Bank to impose sanctions (ECB/2021/46)

the governing council of the European Central Bank,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular to Article 132(3) thereof,

Having regard to the Statute of the European System of Central Banks and of the European Central Bank, and in particular to Articles 34.3 and 19.1 thereof,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 2532/98 of 23 November 1998 concerning the powers of the European Central Bank to impose sanctions (1), and in particular to Article 6(2) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

In order to ensure legal certainty and in the interest of transparency, institutions should be informed of the methods applied by the ECB to calculate sanctions imposed for non-compliance with the minimum reserve requirements laid down in Regulation (EU) 2021/378 of the European Central Bank (ECB/2021/1) (2).

(2)

The formula and method applied by the ECB to calculate sanctions for failure to hold all or part of the required minimum reserves applied pursuant to Article 7(1) of Council Regulation (EC) No 2531/98 (3) are specified in a Notice of the European Central Bank on the imposition of sanctions for breaches of the obligation to hold minimum reserves (4). In the interest of legal certainty and in order to prevent further fragmentation of the legal framework regarding the imposition of sanctions in different fields of the ECB’s competence, it is appropriate that the Notice be withdrawn and transfer its relevant content to Decision (EU) 2021/1815 of the European Central Bank (ECB/2021/45) (5) and that references in European Central Bank Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 (ECB/1999/4) (6) are amended accordingly.

(3)

Therefore, Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 (ECB/1999/4) should be amended accordingly.

(4)

In order to ensure a harmonised framework for the application of minimum reserve requirements, it is necessary that this Regulation apply from the same date as Decision (EU) 2021/1815 (ECB/2021/45),

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Amendments

Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 (ECB/1999/4) is amended as follows:

(1)

in Articles 3(1), 11(5) and 12(1), the words ‘the Council Regulation’ are replaced by ‘Regulation (EC) No 2532/98’;

(2)

in Articles 11(1) and 11(3), the words ‘the Council Regulation on minimum reserves’ are replaced by ‘Regulation (EC) No 2531/98’;

(3)

Article 11 paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

‘2.   Where the ECB imposes a sanction pursuant to Article 7(1) of Regulation (EC) No 2531/98, the applicable sanction shall be calculated using the formula and method specified in Decision (EU) 2021/1815 of the European Central Bank (ECB/2021/45) (*1).

(*1)  Decision (EU) 2021/1815 of the European Central Bank of 7 October 2021 on the methodology applied for the calculation of sanctions for non-compliance with the requirement to hold minimum reserves and related minimum reserve requirements (ECB/2021/45) (OJ L 367,15.10.2021, p. 4).’."

Article 2

Final provisions

This Regulation shall enter into force on 3 November 2021.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in the Member States in accordance with the Treaties.

Done at Frankfurt am Main, 7 October 2021.

For the Governing Council of the ECB

The President of the ECB

Christine LAGARDE


(1)  OJ L 318, 27.11.1998, p. 4.

(2)  Regulation (EU) 2021/378 of the European Central Bank of 22 January 2021 on the application of minimum reserve requirements (ECB/2021/1) (OJ L 73, 3.3.2021, p.1).

(3)  Council Regulation (EC) No 2531/98 of 23 November 1998 concerning the application of minimum reserves by the European Central Bank (OJ L 318, 27.11.1998, p. 1).

(4)  OJ C 39, 11.2.2000, p. 3.

(5)  Decision (EU) 2021/1815 of the European Central Bank of 7 October 2021 on the methodology applied for the calculation of sanctions for non-compliance with the requirement to hold minimum reserves and related minimum reserve requirements (ECB/2021/45) (see page 4 of this Official Journal).

(6)  European Central Bank Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 of 23 September 1999 on the powers of the European Central Bank to impose sanctions (ECB/1999/4) (OJ L 264 12.10.1999, p. 21).


DECISIONS

15.10.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 367/4


DECISION (EU) 2021/1815 OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK

of 7 October 2021

on the methodology applied for the calculation of sanctions for non-compliance with the requirement to hold minimum reserves and related minimum reserve requirements (ECB/2021/45)

THE GOVERNING COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular to Article 132(3) thereof,

Having regard to the Statute of the European System of Central Banks and of the European Central Bank, and in particular to Article 19.1 and Article 34 thereof,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 2532/98 of 23 November 1998 concerning the powers of the European Central Bank to impose sanctions (1), and in particular to Article 6(2) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

In order to ensure legal certainty and in the interest of transparency, institutions should be informed of the methods applied by the ECB to calculate sanctions imposed pursuant to Article 7(1) of Council Regulation (EC) No 2531/98 (2) for non-compliance with the minimum reserve requirements laid down in Regulation (EU) 2021/378 of the European Central Bank (ECB/2021/1) (3).

(2)

The formula and method applied by the ECB to calculate sanctions for failure to hold all or part of the required minimum reserves are specified in a Notice of the European Central Bank on the imposition of sanctions for breaches of the obligation to hold minimum reserves (4). In the interest of legal certainty and in order to prevent further fragmentation of the legal framework regarding the imposition of sanctions in different fields of the ECB’s competence, it is appropriate that the Notice be withdrawn and its relevant content be transferred to a new Decision.

(3)

Similarly, it is necessary in the interests of transparency to lay down the formula and method applied by the ECB to calculate sanctions pursuant to Article 7(3) of Council Regulation (EC) No 2531/98 for failure to comply with the requirement to notify the relevant national central bank of any restrictions that would prevent the institution from liquidating, transferring, assigning or disposing of its funds held in minimum reserve pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1).

(4)

In order to ensure a harmonised framework for the application of minimum reserve requirements, it is necessary that this Decision apply from the same date as the amendment to Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 of the European Central Bank (ECB/1999/4) (5),

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

Subject matter

This Decision establishes the methodology applied by the ECB when calculating sanctions imposed pursuant to Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 2531/98.

Article 2

Methodology applied for calculation of sanctions for failure to hold minimum reserves

Where the ECB imposes a sanction pursuant to Article 7(1) of Regulation (EC) No 2531/98, the applicable sanction for failure to hold minimum reserves pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1) shall be calculated based on the formula and method set out in Annex I to this Decision.

Article 3

Methodology applied for calculation of sanctions for failure to comply with notification requirements in relation to minimum reserves

Where the ECB imposes a sanction pursuant to Article 7(3) of Regulation (EC) No 2531/98 for a failure to comply with the requirement to notify the relevant national central bank of any restrictions that would prevent an institution from liquidating, transferring, assigning or disposing of its funds held in minimum reserve pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1), the applicable sanction shall be calculated based on the formula and method set out in Annex II to this Decision.

Article 4

Entry into force

This Decision shall enter into force on 3 November 2021.

Done at Frankfurt am Main, 7 October 2021.

The President of the ECB

Christine LAGARDE


(1)  OJ L 318, 27.11.1998, p. 4.

(2)  Council Regulation (EC) No 2531/98 of 23 November 1998 concerning the application of minimum reserves by the European Central Bank (OJ L 318, 27.11.1998, p. 1).

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2021/378 of the European Central Bank of 22 January 2021 on the application of minimum reserve requirements (ECB/2021/1) (OJ L 73, 3.3.2021, p. 1).

(4)  OJ C 39, 11.2.2000, p. 3.

(5)  European Central Bank Regulation (EC) No 2157/1999 of 23 September 1999 on the powers of the European Central Bank to impose sanctions (ECB/1999/4) (OJ L 264, 12.10.1999, p. 21).


ANNEX I

Formula and method for calculating a sanction pursuant to Article 7(1) of Regulation (EC) No 2531/98

1.   

Amount of the sanction imposed by the European Central Bank for failure to hold the required level of minimum reserves:

If an institution subject to the minimum reserve requirements fails to hold the required level of minimum reserves, in accordance with Council Regulations or regulations or decisions of the ECB associated therewith, a sanction will be imposed which is calculated as a penalty of 2,5 percentage points above the average, taken over the maintenance period in which the non-compliance occurred, of the marginal lending rate of the European System of Central Banks, applied to the daily average amount of minimum reserves the institution concerned failed to hold.

The penalty is calculated using the following formula:

Image 1

Where:

Pt

=

penalty to be paid owing to the lack of the required reserves for the maintenance period t

Dt

=

the amount of required holdings lacking for the maintenance period t (as a daily average)

Nt

=

number of calendar days in the maintenance period t

I

=

the calendar day of the maintenance period t

MLRi

=

the marginal lending rate on day i

Where an institution subject to the minimum reserve requirements fails to comply with the notification obligation set out in the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1), if, following the detection of that non-compliance, it is also ascertained that, as a result of the application of point (d) of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1), that institution has failed to comply with the obligation to hold the required level of minimum over more than one maintenance period, then the relevant maintenance period for the purposes of calculating the sanction in accordance with Section 1 of this Annex is the maintenance period in which the non-compliance is ascertained.

2.   

Repetitive breach of the minimum reserve requirements:

If an institution subject to the minimum reserve requirements fails to hold the required level of minimum reserves more than twice during a 12-month period, then it is deemed to have committed a repetitive breach.

For each repetitive breach a sanction will be imposed which is calculated as a penalty of five percentage points above the average, taken over the maintenance period in which the repetitive breach occurred, of the marginal lending rate of the European System of Central Banks, applied to the daily average amount of minimum reserves the institution concerned failed to hold. The penalty is otherwise calculated using the formula set out in Section 1 of this Annex.


ANNEX II

Formula and method for calculating a sanction pursuant to Article 7(3) of Regulation (EC) No 2531/98 for a failure to comply with the requirement to notify the relevant national central bank of any restrictions that would prevent an institution from liquidating, transferring, assigning or disposing of its funds held in minimum reserve pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1)

1.   

Amount of the sanction imposed by the European Central Bank in the event of a failure to notify to the relevant national central bank any legal, contractual, regulatory or other restrictions that would prevent an institution from liquidating, transferring, assigning or disposing of its funds held in minimum reserve pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1):

In the event of a failure to comply with the obligation to notify to the relevant national central bank any legal, contractual, regulatory or other restrictions that would prevent an institution from liquidating, transferring, assigning or disposing of its funds held in minimum reserve pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1), a sanction will be imposed which is calculated as a penalty of 2,5 percentage points above the average, taken over the period in relation to which the sanction is imposed, of the marginal lending rate of the European System of Central Banks, applied to the daily average amount of funds affected by the institution’s failure to notify over the period in relation to which the sanction is imposed. If the non-compliance extends over more than one maintenance period then the period in relation to which the sanction is imposed will not exceed the total number of days of the maintenance period in which the non-compliance is detected.

Subject to Section 3 of this Annex, the penalty is calculated using the following formula:

Image 2

Where:

Ps

=

penalty to be paid owing to the lack of notification pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1)

Ds

=

the amount of funds affected by the institution’s failure to notify under the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1)

ns

=

the lesser of: (i) the total number of calendar days without notification; and (ii) the number of days in the maintenance period in which the non-compliance is detected

i

=

the calendar day of the period in relation to which the sanction is imposed

MLRi

=

the marginal lending rate on day i

2.   

Repetitive breach of the obligation to notify to the relevant national central bank any legal, contractual, regulatory or other restrictions that would prevent an institution from liquidating, transferring, assigning or disposing of its funds held in minimum reserve pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/378 (ECB/2021/1):

Where a sanction has been imposed on an institution for its failure to notify to the relevant national central bank any legal, contractual, regulatory or other restrictions that would prevent the institution from liquidating, transferring, assigning or disposing of its funds held in minimum reserve pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1), should that institution fail to notify to the relevant national central bank any such restrictions pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 3(1) during the 12-month period following the date on which the imposition of that sanction has been notified to it, then it is deemed to have committed a repetitive breach.

For each repetitive breach, a sanction will be imposed, which is calculated as a penalty of five percentage points above the average, taken over the period in relation to which the sanction is imposed, of the marginal lending rate of the European System of Central Banks, applied to the daily average amount of funds affected by the institution’s failure to notify over the period in relation to which the sanction is imposed. The penalty is otherwise calculated using the formula set out in Section 1 of this Annex.

3.   

The principle of proportionality and the circumstances of the specific case:

Having been calculated in accordance with the formula set out in Section 1 of this Annex, the amount of the penalty may be adjusted to take into account the principle of proportionality and the circumstances of the specific case in accordance with Article 2(2) and (3) of Regulation (EC) 2532/98. Any adjustment to the amount of the penalty is subject to the limits set out in Article 2(1) of that Regulation.


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