This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Treaty of Maastricht on European Union
WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE TREATY?
European Communities (1st pillar)
This groups the traditional activities, working and decision-making procedures of the 3 original EU organisations:
Common foreign and security policy (2nd pillar)
This aims to:
Cooperation on justice and home affairs (3rd pillar)
This aims to provide the public with a high level of safety by:
Economic and monetary union
EU countries must:
Common currency (euro)
The EU is given responsiblity for:
This gives every national of an EU country the right to:
FROM WHEN DOES THE TREATY APPLY?
It was signed on 7 February 1992 and entered into force on 1 November 1993.
Officially known as the Treaty on European Union, the Maastricht Treaty marked the beginning of ‘a new stage in the process of creating an ever-closer union among the peoples of Europe’ by giving the previous communities a political dimension.
Treaty on European Union (OJ C 191, 29.7.1992, pp. 1-112)
last update 21.03.2018
(1) The United Kingdom withdraws from the European Union and becomes a third country (non-EU country) as of 1 February 2020.