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Reducing pollution from light motor vehicles

Reducing pollution from light motor vehicles



Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 — type approval of light passenger and commercial vehicles with respect to emissions (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information


  • It harmonises the technical requirements for reducing emissions from cars and vans, known as light-duty vehicles.
  • It covers replacement parts, such as pollution control devices*, and sets out rules for their servicing, repair and maintenance.


The legislation applies to passenger vehicles under 5 tonnes and goods vehicles under 12 tonnes.

Manufacturers must:

  • prove that all new vehicles and new pollution control devices comply with the legislation and can meet the emission limits during a vehicle’s normal life;
  • ensure that pollution control devices can last 160 000 km and are checked after 5 years or 100,000 km, whichever is the sooner;
  • provide buyers with carbon dioxide emissions and fuel consumption figures;
  • design, construct and assemble components so that the vehicle complies with the legislation;
  • not use defeat devices that reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems, except under strict conditions — such as to protect an engine against damage or accident;
  • make available on websites unrestricted and standardised access to vehicle repair and maintenance information for independent garages. This should include items like service handbooks and technical manuals. They may charge a reasonable fee.

National authorities must:

  • give EU or national type approval* to new vehicles (i.e. allow their sale) that comply with the legislation;
  • refuse to grant their authorisation to vehicles that do not meet the emissions or fuel consumption standards, within the authorised deadlines relating to each vehicle category;
  • ban the sale or installation of pollution control devices that do not meet the EU standards;
  • ensure penalties exist for manufacturers that falsify declarations or results, withhold data, use defeat devices or refuse to provide information.

National authorities may offer financial incentives between January 2011 and September 2016 to encourage early use of emission-reducing devices.

The European Commission was required to present a report to the European Parliament and Council by 2 July 2011 on the way the system is operating. It keeps under regular review the procedures, tests, requirements and emission limits set out in the legislation.


It applies from 3 January 2009. However, from 2 July 2007, national authorities may not, on grounds relating to emissions or fuel consumption of vehicles, refuse to grant EC type approval or national type approval for a new type of vehicle, or prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of a new vehicle, where the vehicle concerned complies with this regulation (Article 10(1)). Article 12 which concerns financial incentives also applies from 2 July 2007.


For more information, see:


pollution control device: mechanism or equipment that removes pollutants, from car exhaust fumes for example, which otherwise would be released into the atmosphere.

type approval: certificate of conformity given to a product that meets a minimum set of regulatory, technical and safety requirements.


Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, pp. 1-16)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

last update 09.11.2016