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Frequency bands for electronic communication

Frequency bands for electronic communication

 

SUMMARY OF:

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/667 updating relevant technical conditions applicable to the frequency bands 1 920-1 980 MHz and 2 110-2 170 MHz

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/636 amending Decision 2008/477/EC on relevant technical conditions applicable to the 2 500-2 690 MHz frequency band

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/590 amending Decision (EU) 2019/784 on relevant technical conditions applicable to the 24,25-27,5 GHz frequency band

Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/784 on harmonisation of the 24,25-27,5 GHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing wireless broadband electronic communications services in the Union

Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/235 on amending Decision 2008/411/EC as regards an update of relevant technical conditions applicable to the 3400-3800 MHz frequency band

Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/661 amending Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/750 on the harmonisation of the 1452-1492 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Union as regards its extension in the harmonised 1427-1452 MHz and 1492-1517 MHz frequency bands

Decision (EU) 2017/899 on the use of the 470-790 MHz frequency band in the Union

Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/191 amending Decision 2010/166/EU, in order to introduce new technologies and frequency bands for mobile communication services on board vessels (MCV services) in the European Union

Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/2317 amending Decision 2008/294/EC and Implementing Decision 2013/654/EU, in order to simplify the operation of mobile communications on board aircraft (MCA services) in the Union

Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/687 on the harmonisation of the 694-790 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing wireless broadband electronic communications services and for flexible national use in the Union

Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/750 on the harmonisation of the 1452-1492 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Union

Implementing Decision 2014/276/EU on amending Decision 2008/411/EC on the harmonisation of the 3400-3800 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Community

Implementing Decision 2013/654/EU amending Decision 2008/294/EC to include additional access technologies and frequency bands for mobile communications services on aircraft (MCA services)

Implementing Decision 2012/688/EU on the harmonisation of the frequency bands 1920-1980 MHz and 2110-2170 MHz for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Union

Implementing Decision 2011/251/EU amending Decision 2009/766/EC on the harmonisation of the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz frequency bands for terrestrial systems capable of providing pan-European electronic communications services in the Community

Decision 2010/267/EU on harmonised technical conditions of use in the 790-862 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the European Union

Decision 2010/166/EU on harmonised conditions of use of radio spectrum for mobile communication services on board vessels (MCV services) in the European Union

Decision 2009/766/EC on the harmonisation of the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz frequency bands for terrestrial systems capable of providing pan-European electronic communications services in the Community

Decision 2008/477/EC on the harmonisation of the 2500-2690 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Community

Decision 2008/411/EC on the harmonisation of the 3400-3800 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Community

Decision 2008/294/EC on harmonised conditions of spectrum use for the operation of mobile communication services on aircraft (MCA services) in the Community

Decision 2006/771/EC on harmonisation of the radio spectrum for use by short-range devices

Directive 87/372/EEC on the frequency bands to be reserved for the coordinated introduction of public pan-European cellular digital land-based mobile communications in the Community

WHAT ARE THE AIMS OF THE DIRECTIVE AND THE DECISIONS?

  • Directive 87/372/EEC sets out in general terms the frequency bands to be reserved for a public European cellular digital mobile communications service by 1 January 1991 and calls upon EU countries to make the necessary preparations as quickly as possible.
  • EU legislation, through this series of decisions relating to frequency bands used for electronic communications services and networks, as well as other applications relating to the internal market seeks to harmonise technical allocation and coordinate the authorisation of the use of the radio spectrum.

KEY POINTS

Directive 87/372/EEC, as amended by Council Directive 2009/114/EC

While Council Directive 2009/114 confirmed the allocation of the 900 MHz band for GSM as the system of technical reference in that band, EU countries must make the 880-915 MHz and 925-960 MHz frequency bands (the 900 MHz band) available for GSM and UMTS systems, as well as other terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services that can coexist with GSM systems, in accordance with radio spectrum policy in the EU.

EU bandwidth decisions

  • EU legislation relating to bands used for electronic communications services and networks can be divided into those seeking to harmonise technical allocation and those coordinating the authorisation of the use of the spectrum.
  • Flexibility is achieved through authorisations that are as technology and service-neutral as possible so that radio spectrum users may choose the best technologies and services to apply in the spectrum bands declared available for electronic communications services in the relevant national frequency allocation plans.
  • Restrictions to the principles of technology and service neutrality apply only in a limited number of cases, in particular where it is necessary to avoid harmful interference, to protect public health, to ensure an adequate level of technical quality of service or when general interest objectives are at stake.
  • A number of these measures also seek to coordinate the timing of the granting, by EU countries granting rights to use harmonised spectrum in relation to electronic communications services and networks. This includes the European Electronic Communications Code which sets general rules for any radio spectrum that has been harmonised pursuant to the radio spectrum decision (Decision 676/2002/EC) and the pioneer bands for 5G very high speed wireless broadband communications (3.6 GHz and 26 GHz bands). This is complemented by a series of other bands in lower frequencies.
  • In the same way, Council Decision 2017/899 set a deadline for the use of the 700 MHz band for 5G mobile communications, while Article 6 of Council Decision 243/2012/EU establishing a multiannual radio spectrum policy programme covered 800 MHz and other harmonised bands (3.6 GHz, 2.6 GHz, 900 and 1800 MHz).
  • The frequency bands harmonised in these decisions are as follows:
    • frequency bands to be reserved for cellular digital land-based mobile communications in the EU;
    • radio spectrum for use by short-range devices;
    • spectrum use for mobile communication services on aircraft (MCA services);
    • the 3400-3800 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems;
    • the 2500-2690 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems;
    • the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz frequency bands for terrestrial systems;
    • radio spectrum for mobile communication services on board vessels (MCV services);
    • the 790-862 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems;
    • the 1920-1980 MHz and 2110-2170 MHz frequency bands for terrestrial systems;
    • the 1452-1492 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems and its extension in the 1427-1452 MHz and 1492-1517 MHz frequency bands;
    • the 694-790 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems;
    • the 470-790 MHz frequency band;
    • the 24,25-27,5 GHz frequency band for terrestrial systems.

FROM WHEN DO THE DIRECTIVE AND THE DECISIONS APPLY?

Council Directive 87/372/EEC has applied since 30 June 1987 and had to become law in the EU countries by 1988. Amendments introduced by Council Directive 2009/114/EC had to become law in the EU countries by 9 May 2010.

Decision

Date of application

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/667

19 May 2020

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/636

12 May 2020

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/590

30 April 2020

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/784

16 May 2019

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/235

26 January 2019

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/661

27 April 2018

Decision (EU) 2017/899

14 June 2017

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/191

2 February 2017

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/2317

19 December 2016

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/687

2 May 2016

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/750

11 May 2015

Commission Implementing Decision 2014/276/EU

5 May 2014

Commission Implementing Decision 2013/654/EU

13 November 2013

Commission Implementing Decision 2012/688/EU

6 November 2012

Commission Implementing Decision 2011/251/EU

19 April 2011

Commission Decision 2010/267/EU

11 May 2010

Commission Decision 2010/166/EU

20 March 2010

Commission Decision 2009/766/EC

19 October 2009

Commission Decision 2008/477/EC

13 June 2008

Commission Decision 2008/411/EC

21 May 2008

Commission Decision 2008/294/EC

7 April 2008

Commission Decision 2006/771/EC

9 November 2006

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENTS

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/667 of 6 May 2020 amending Decision 2012/688/EU as regards an update of relevant technical conditions applicable to the frequency bands 1 920-1 980 MHz and 2 110-2 170 MHz (OJ L 156, 19.5.2020, pp. 6-12)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/636 of 8 May 2020 amending Decision 2008/477/EC as regards an update of relevant technical conditions applicable to the 2 500-2 690 MHz frequency band (OJ L 149, 12.5.2020, pp. 3-11)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/590 of 24 April 2020 amending Decision (EU) 2019/784 as regards an update of relevant technical conditions applicable to the 24,25-27,5 GHz frequency band (OJ L 138, 30.4.2020, pp. 19-22)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/784 of 14 May 2019 on harmonisation of the 24,25-27,5 GHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing wireless broadband electronic communications services in the Union (OJ L 127, 16.5.2019, pp. 13-22)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/235 of 24 January 2019 on amending Decision 2008/411/EC as regards an update of relevant technical conditions applicable to the 3400-3800 MHz frequency band (OJ L 37, 8.2.2019, pp. 135-143)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/661 of 26 April 2018 amending Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/750 on the harmonisation of the 1452-1492 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Union as regards its extension in the harmonised 1427-1452 MHz and 1492-1517 MHz frequency bands (OJ L 110, 30.4.2018, pp. 127-133)

Decision (EU) 2017/899 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 on the use of the 470-790 MHz frequency band in the Union (OJ L 138, 25.5.2017, pp. 131-137)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/191 of 1 February 2017 amending Decision 2010/166/EU, in order to introduce new technologies and frequency bands for mobile communication services on board vessels (MCV services) in the European Union (OJ L 29, 3.2.2017, pp. 63-68)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/2317 of 16 December 2016 amending Decision 2008/294/EC and Implementing Decision 2013/654/EU, in order to simplify the operation of mobile communications on board aircraft (MCA services) in the Union (OJ L 345, 20.12.2016, pp. 67-71)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/687 of 28 April 2016 on the harmonisation of the 694-790 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing wireless broadband electronic communications services and for flexible national use in the Union (OJ L 118, 4.5.2016, pp. 4-15)

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/750 of 8 May 2015 on the harmonisation of the 1452-1492 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Union (OJ L 119, 12.5.2015, pp. 27-31)

Successive amendments to Decision (EU) 2015/750 have been incorporated into the original document. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

Commission Implementing Decision 2014/276/EU of 2 May 2014 on amending Decision 2008/411/EC on the harmonisation of the 3400 - 3800 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Community (OJ L 139, 14.5.2014, pp. 18-25)

Commission Implementing Decision 2013/654/EU of 12 November 2013 amending Decision 2008/294/EC to include additional access technologies and frequency bands for mobile communications services on aircraft (MCA services) (OJ L 303, 14.11.2013, pp. 48-51)

See consolidated version.

Commission Implementing Decision 2012/688/EU of 5 November 2012 on the harmonisation of the frequency bands 1920 - 1980 MHz and 2110 - 2170 MHz for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Union (OJ L 307, 7.11.2012, pp. 84-88)

Commission Implementing Decision 2011/251/EU of 18 April 2011 amending Decision 2009/766/EC on the harmonisation of the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz frequency bands for terrestrial systems capable of providing pan-European electronic communications services in the Community (OJ L 106, 27.4.2011, pp. 9-10)

Commission Decision 2010/267/EU of 6 May 2010 on harmonised technical conditions of use in the 790-862 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the European Union (OJ L 117, 11.5.2010, pp. 95-101)

Commission Decision 2010/166/EU of 19 March 2010 on harmonised conditions of use of radio spectrum for mobile communication services on board vessels (MCV services) in the European Union (OJ L 72, 20.3.2010, pp. 38-41)

See consolidated version.

Commission Decision 2009/766/EC of 16 October 2009 on the harmonisation of the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz frequency bands for terrestrial systems capable of providing pan-European electronic communications services in the Community (OJ L 274, 20.10.2009, pp. 32-35)

See consolidated version.

Commission Decision 2008/477/EC of 13 June 2008 on the harmonisation of the 2500 - 2690 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Community (OJ L 163, 24.6.2008, pp. 37-41)

Commission Decision 2008/411/EC of 21 May 2008 on the harmonisation of the 3400 - 3800 MHz frequency band for terrestrial systems capable of providing electronic communications services in the Community (OJ L 144, 4.6.2008, pp. 77-81)

See consolidated version.

Commission Decision 2008/294/EC of 7 April 2008 on harmonised conditions of spectrum use for the operation of mobile communication services on aircraft (MCA services) in the Community (OJ L 98, 10.4.2008, pp. 19-23)

See consolidated version.

Commission Decision 2006/771/EC of 9 November 2006 on harmonisation of the radio spectrum for use by short-range devices (OJ L 312, 11.11.2006, pp. 66-70)

See consolidated version.

Council Directive 87/372/EEC of 25 June 1987 on the frequency bands to be reserved for the coordinated introduction of public pan-European cellular digital land-based mobile communications in the Community (OJ L 196, 17.7.1987, pp. 85-86)

See consolidated version.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Directive (EU) 2018/1972 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 establishing the European Electronic Communications Code (Recast) (OJ L 321, 17.12.2018, pp. 36-214)

Decision No 676/2002/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on a regulatory framework for radio spectrum policy in the European Community (Radio Spectrum Decision) (OJ L 108, 24.4.2002, pp. 1-6)

last update 25.06.2020

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