This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Article 187 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) specifies that the EU may set up joint undertakings (JUs) or any other structure necessary for the efficient execution of EU research, technological development and demonstration programmes.
Article 187 TFEU has been used under the EU’s research framework programmes to set up, in particular, public-private partnership bodies in order to integrate industrial research in specific areas.
The members of these JUs are typically the European Union (represented by the European Commission) and industry-led associations, as well as other partners. JUs adopt their own research agenda and award funding mainly on the basis of open calls for proposals.
Joint technology initiatives (JTIs) are a type of JU set up to implement part of a strategic research agenda of a broader industrial initiative arising primarily from the work of European technology platforms.
JUs have also been set up under the Euratom Treaty (Articles 45-51).