This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
European Asylum Support Office
Regulation (EU) No 439/2010 establishes a European Asylum Support Office to strengthen cooperation between the Member States in this area and assist them in coping with crisis situations.
Regulation (EU) No 439/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 establishing a European Asylum Support Office.
The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) is a European Union (EU) agency in operation since 2011. Its function is to:
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland should shortly be joining EASO as associate countries, once the agreements negotiated by the EU with each of them have been ratified.
Supporting the cooperation of Member States on asylum matters
The EASO role in this field consists of:
Support for Member Statessubject to specific pressure
EASO coordinates emergency aid to Member States whose reception facilities and asylum systems are subject to exceptionally heavy pressures, by providing temporary support and assistance.
This aid involves mainly the deployment, in the Member States so requesting it, of asylumsupport teams who provide expertise relating to interpreting services, information on countries of origin and knowledge of the handling and management of asylum cases.
When EASO decides to deploy one or more asylum support teams, it draws up an operating plan in conjunction with the requesting Member State, to define:
The support team experts are made available by the Member States and are part of the EASO Asylum Intervention Pool.
Implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS)
EASO contributes to the implementation of CEAS both inside and outside the European Union.
In terms of the internal dimension of CEAS, the EASO contribution is mainly to:
In terms of the external dimension of CEAS, EASO is especially responsible for:
EASO structure and governance
The Management Board is EASO’s planning and monitoring authority. It is composed of representatives of the EU Member States and associated countries, the European Commission and a representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
The Executive Director is appointed by the Management Board and is in charge of the day-to-day management of the agency. He is its legal representative.
The Consultative Forum is a space for ongoing bilateral dialogue, exchange of information and pooling of knowledge between EASO and the civil society. It brings together experts on various aspects of asylum.
The office acquires its income mainly through a contribution registered in the overall EU budget and contributions from associated countries.
Entry into force
Deadline for transposition in the Member States
Regulation (EU) No 439/2010
OJ L 132, 29.5.2010
Decision 2010/762/EU of the representatives of the governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, of 25 February 2010 determining the seat of the European Asylum Support Office (OJ L 324, 9.12.2010).
This decision establishes the seat of the European Asylum Support Office at Valletta, Malta.
Council Decision2014/185/EU of 11 February 2014 on the signing, on behalf of the Union, of the Arrangement between the European Union and the Swiss Confederation on the modalities of its participation in the European Asylum Support Office (OJ L 102, 5.4.2014).
Council Decision2014/186/EU of 11 February 2014 on the signing, on behalf of the Union, of the Arrangement between the European Union and the Principality of Liechtenstein on the modalities of its participation in the European Asylum Support Office (OJ L 102, 5.4.2014).
Council Decision2014/194/EU of 11 February 2014 on the signing, on behalf of the Union, of the Arrangement between the European Union and the Republic of Iceland on the modalities of its participation in the European Asylum Support Office (OJ L 106, 9.4.2014).
Council Decision2014/204/EU of 11 February 2014 on the signing, on behalf of the Union, and the provisional application of the Arrangement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Norway on the modalities of its participation in the European Asylum Support Office (OJ L 109, 12.4.2014).
Last updated: 22.07.2014