This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
The Permanent Representatives Committee or Coreper (Article 16(7) of the Treaty on European Union — TEU and Article 240(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union — TFEU) is responsible for preparing the work of the Council of the European Union.
Each EU Member State is represented in Coreper by a Permanent Representative (Coreper II) and a Deputy Permanent Representative (Coreper I) with the status of ambassador to the European Union.
Coreper occupies a pivotal position in the EU’s decision-making system. It coordinates and prepares the work of all meetings of the Council and attempts to find, at its level, an agreement which will be subsequently submitted for adoption by the Council. It also ensures consistency of the EU’s policies and actions and sees to it that the following principles and rules are observed:
It ensures adequate presentation of each file to the Council and, where appropriate, it presents guidelines, options or suggestions.
The agendas for Council meetings reflect the progress made in Coreper. Coreper’s agenda is divided into 2 parts:
However, if Coreper reaches an agreement on a Part II item on its agenda, that item will normally be included as an ‘A’ item on the Council’s agenda, which consists of:
Coreper is divided into 2 parts:
In principle, Coreper meets every week. Preparations for its work are made the day before by the closest collaborators of the members of Coreper who meet under the names:
These groups review the agenda for Coreper I and II, respectively, and settle technical and organisational details. This preparatory stage also makes it possible to form an initial idea of the positions which the various delegations will take at the Coreper meeting.
Coreper may adopt procedural decisions listed in Article 19(7) of the Council’s Rules of Procedure (for example, decision to hold a Council meeting in a place other than Brussels or Luxembourg, decision to use the written procedure).