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European Youth Pact
European Youth Pact
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European Youth Pact
This Communication shows how the Member States can put into operation the European Youth Pact, which was adopted by the European Council in March 2005, tying in with the European strategies for employment and social inclusion and the "Education and Training 2010" work programme. The main aim is to improve the education, training, mobility, vocational integration and social inclusion of young Europeans, while facilitating the reconciliation of family and working life. The Commission is also seeking to achieve consistency of initiatives in these different areas, and wants the Member States to consult young people in connection with developing and following up these initiatives.
Commission Communication of 30 May 2005 on European policies concerning youth: Addressing the concerns of young people in Europe - implementing the European Youth Pact and promoting active citizenship [COM(2005) 206 final - Not published in the Official Journal].
The Communication draws attention to the three strands of the Pact adopted by the European Council in March 2005:
The measures to be taken in these three areas will have to be fully incorporated into the revised Lisbon Strategy, the European Employment Strategy, the Social Inclusion Strategy and the " Education and Training 2010 " work programme.
For the purpose of implementing the different measures, the Member States will draw on the "integrated guidelines for growth and employment", within the framework of the Lisbon Strategy.
The Commission's text highlights the aspects of the integrated guidelines and the Community Lisbon programme that are relevant to the Pact.
Measures for the employment, integration and social advancement of young people
The following guidelines have the most relevance for young people:
The Member States will receive financial assistance from the European Social Fund and the European Investment Bank for implementing the necessary measures. The Commission wants the Member States to devise tailor-made action plans providing job search assistance, guidance services and training. The Communication also proposes that:
Measures for education, training and mobility
The priorities are:
The Commission intends, during 2005 and 2006, to:
The Communication looks at ways of enhancing young people's mobility, highlighting a number of initiatives:
Measures for reconciling family life and working life
The Communication makes it clear that a better balance is needed between work and family life in order to tackle the problems associated with demographic ageing and a low birth rate. With a view to better reconciling family and working life, the Commission will encourage:
Following on from the Green Paper on Europe's changing demographics, the Commission has launched a process of consultation with the aim of identifying policies to be pursued or reinforced at European and national levels.
THE ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP OF YOUNG PEOPLE
The citizenship of young people is a focal point of the open method of coordination. With a view to improving participation, information, voluntary activities and knowledge of youth issues, the Council adopted 14 common objectives in 2003 and 2004. In its Communication of October 2004 [COM(2004) 694 final], the Commission gave a positive evaluation of the activities conducted at European level, while stressing the need for suitable measures at national level to consolidate the common objectives.
The Pact and associated actions ought to give rise to better understanding and greater knowledge of youth in the areas concerned, namely:
THE YOUTH DIMENSION IN OTHER POLICIES
The Communication draws attention to other policies which are relevant to young people:
Policy actions targeting young people should be accompanied by programmes supporting projects that encourage young people to become active citizens. Various European programmes support such projects:
INVOLVEMENT OF YOUNG PEOPLE
As far as the Pact itself is concerned, the European Council has emphasised the need to consult young people and their organisations both on the development of national reform programmes for the Lisbon Strategy and on follow-up action. National youth councils should, in any event, be among those consulted.
The Commission also intends to consult young people and the European Youth Forum on youth policy. This consultation process will culminate in the holding of a Youth Assembly in 2005. In addition, the Commission hopes that this assembly will be a precursor of "annual encounters" between young people and Commissioners.
This Communication builds on the European Youth Pact adopted by the Heads of State or Government during the European Council of March 2005.
Adoption of the Pact coincides with the completion of the first cycle of implementing the White Paper on a new impetus for European youth, published in 2001.
Resolution of the Council of 24 November 2005 on addressing the concerns of young people in Europe -- implementing the European Pact for Youth and promoting active citizenship[Official Journal C 292/5 of 24.11.2005] The Council invites the Member States to develop structured dialogue with young people and their organisations at national, regional and local level on policy actions affecting them, with the involvement of researchers in the youth field. It calls on the Member States and the Commission to:
Conclusions of the Council Presidency at the end of the European Council meeting on 22 and 23 March 2005
The European Council called on the Member states, within the framework of the European Employment Strategy and the Social Inclusion Strategy, to improve the education, training, mobility, vocational integration and social inclusion of young people, while facilitating the reconciliation of working life and family life.
The Pact should ensure the overall consistency of initiatives to be taken in these different areas. Its success depends on the involvement of all parties concerned, first and foremost youth organisations.
Last updated: 28.09.2006