This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
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WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DIRECTIVE?
Who does it apply to?
It applies to part-time workers who have an employment contract or employment relationship as defined in each EU country. Those working only on a casual basis may be excluded for objective reasons following consultation between the EU country concerned and its social partners.
Part-time workers cannot be treated less favourably than comparable full-time workers solely because they work part-time, unless it can be objectively justified. Particular employment conditions may be subject to a period of service, time worked or based on the level of earnings, following consultation between EU countries and social partners.
Access to part-time work
EU countries and social partners should seek out, review and if necessary remove any legal or administrative issue which reduces opportunities for part-time work. A worker’s refusal to transfer from full-time to part-time work or vice versa is not sufficient reason for their dismissal.
The role of employers
Employers should fully consider:
EU countries or social partners can introduce more favourable rules than those set out in the agreement. However, implementing the agreement is not a valid reason to reduce the general level of protection afforded to part-time workers.
FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?
It has applied since 20 January 1998. EU countries had to incorporate it into national law by 20 January 2000.
For more information, see Working Conditions — Part-Time Work on the European Commission's website.
Council Directive 97/81/EC of 15 December 1997 concerning the Framework Agreement on part-time working concluded by UNICE, CEEP and the ETUC - Annex : Framework agreement on part-time work (OJ L 14, 20.1.1998, pp. 9-14)
Successive amendments to Directive 97/81/EC have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.
National implementation measures
Report by the Commission’s services on the implementation of Council Directive 97/81/EC of 17 December 1997 concerning the Framework Agreement on Part-time work concluded by UNICE, CEEP and the ETUC, 21.1.2003
This report is complemented by 2 studies:
Commission Report - Implementation of Directive 97/81/EC concerning the framework agreement on part-time work concluded by UNICE, CEEP and ETUC (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia) (2007)
last update 04.12.2016