This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Citizenship of the Union is a right provided for in Article 20 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and in Article 9 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU). Anyone who is a national of an EU Member State is automatically a citizen of the Union. This right is thus enshrined in the European Union’s (EU) treaties and is a key factor in developing a European identity. Citizenship of the Union does not replace national citizenship. It is additional to it and gives people specific rights. These rights are further specified in the treaties as well as in the Charter of Fundamental Rights.
The Lisbon Treaty introduced an additional form of public participation: the citizens’ initiative. This allows one million citizens coming from at least seven Member States to ask the Commission to submit a proposal in any field in which it has the power to propose a legal act.
For more information, see:
Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union — Part Two — Non-discrimination and citizenship of the Union — Article 20 (ex Article 17 TEC) (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, pp. 56-57)
Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union — Title II — Provisions on democratic principles — Article 9 (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, p. 20)
last update 30.06.2021