This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
WHAT IS EU CITIZENSHIP?
Anyone who is a national of an EU country is automatically an EU citizen. The principle is enshrined in the EU's treaties and is a key factor in developing a European identity. EU citizenship does not replace national citizenship. It is additional to it and gives people specific rights.
The Lisbon Treaty introduced an additional form of public participation: the Citizens' Initiative. This allows 1 million citizens from ‘a significant number’ of EU countries to ask the Commission to table a legislative proposal in any area within the EU's responsibility.
For more information, see:
Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union — Part Two — Non-discrimination and citizenship of the Union — Article 20 (ex Article 17 TEC) (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, pp. 56-57)
Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union — Title II — Provisions on democratic principles — Article 9 (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, p. 20)
last update 14.01.2016