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European Border and Coast Guard

European Border and Coast Guard



Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 on the European Border and Coast Guard


  • It establishes a European Border and Coast Guard agency to:
    • assure European integrated management at the EU’s border;
    • manage border crossing efficiently; and
    • make the EU’s return* policy more effective as a key component of sustainable migration management.
  • It aims to address migratory challenges and potential future threats at the borders, combat serious international crime, and ensure internal EU security while fully respecting fundamental rights and safeguarding free movement.


A standing corps of 10,000 border guards:

  • will ensure that the agency can support EU countries whenever and wherever needed;
  • will bring together agency staff, as well as border guards and return experts seconded or deployed by EU countries, who will support the over 100,000 national border guards in their tasks.

In addition, the agency will have a budget to acquire its own equipment, such as vessels, planes and vehicles.

Executive powers

The standing corps will be able to carry out border control and return tasks, such as identity checks, authorising entry at the external borders, and carrying out border surveillance — only with the agreement of the host EU country.

More support on return

  • In addition to organising and financing joint return operations, the agency will now also be able to support EU countries at all stages of return process with EU countries remaining responsible for taking return decisions.
  • This support can now also include, for example, providing assistance to returnees before, during and post-arrival, as well as identifying non-EU nationals with no right to stay or acquiring travel documents.

Stronger cooperation with non-EU countries

The agency will be able — subject to prior agreement of the country concerned — to launch joint operations and deploy staff outside the EU, beyond countries neighbouring the EU, to provide support on border management.

Antenna offices

The agency will be able to set up antenna offices in EU countries and in a non-EU country (subject to a status agreement) to support logistically its operational activities and guarantee the smooth running of operations.

European Border Surveillance System (Eurosur)

  • To improve Eurosur’s operation, the regulation incorporates it in the functioning of the European Border and Coast Guard.
  • The regulation enlarges Eurosur’s scope to cover most of the components of European integrated border management. This means being able to better detect, anticipate and react to crisis situations at the EU’s external borders and in non-EU countries.


  • It entered into force on 4 December 2019.
  • It repeals Regulations (EU) No 1052/2013 on Eurosur from 4 December 2019 and (EU) 2016/1624 from 31 December 2020.


For more information, see:


Return: the process of a non-EU national going back voluntarily or enforced to their country of origin, an agreed country of transit, or another EU country to which the person concerned voluntarily decides to return and where they will be accepted.


Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2019 on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Regulations (EU) No 1052/2013 and (EU) 2016/1624 (OJ L 295, 14.11.2019, pp. 1-131)


Regulation (EU) 2016/1624 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 September 2016 on the European Border and Coast Guard and amending Regulation (EU) 2016/399 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulation (EC) No 863/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004 and Council Decision 2005/267/EC (OJ L 251, 16.9.2016, pp. 1-76)

Regulation (EU) 2016/399 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on a Union Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) (OJ L 77, 23.3.2016, pp. 1-52)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) 2016/399 have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

Regulation (EU) No 1052/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2013 establishing the European Border Surveillance System (Eurosur) (OJ L 295, 6.11.2013, pp. 11-26)

last update 24.06.2020