This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
The waste hierarchy applies as a priority order in waste prevention and management legislation and policy. It is the cornerstone of EU waste policies and legislation and is laid down in the EU waste framework directive (Directive 2008/98/EC). Its aim is twofold:
The hierarchy is generally depicted in the form of an inverted pyramid with the most preferred options at the upper end and disposal at the bottom as the last-resort solution to managing waste.