This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Equal treatment irrespective of racial or ethnic origin
WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DIRECTIVE?
Derogations from the principle of equal treatment
Remedies and enforcement
The victim of discrimination only needs to establish a presumption of discrimination after which it is for the respondent to prove that there has been no discrimination.
Social dialogue and civil dialogue
Bodies for the promotion of the principle
Each EU country must establish at least one body dedicated to combating discrimination, which is, in particular, responsible for helping victims and conducting independent studies.
In 2013, the Council adopted a recommendation calling for measures to be taken in a number of area, including anti-discrimination, to strengthen the integration of Roma people. The recommendation builds upon Directive 2000/43/EC and underlines the importance of its practical enforcement.
FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?
It has applied since 19 July 2000. EU countries had to incorporate it into national law by 19 July 2003.
The Treaty of Lisbon (Article 19 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU) provides the EU with a legal basis to combat all forms of discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.
* KEY TERMS
Direct discrimination: where one person is treated less favourably than another is, has been or would be treated in a comparable situation on grounds of racial or ethnic origin.
Indirect discrimination: where an apparently neutral rule, criterion or practice would put persons of a racial or ethnic origin at a particular disadvantage compared with other persons, unless that rule, criterion or practice is objectively justified by a legitimate aim and the means of achieving that aim are appropriate and necessary.
Harrassment: when an unwanted conduct related to racial or ethnic origin takes place with the purpose or effect of violating the dignity of a person and of creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment.
Victimisation: unjust or cruel treatment of someone who complains of discrimination or who assists someone else in a complaint of discrimination.
Council Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin (OJ L 180, 19.7.2000, pp. 22-26)
Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament — The application of Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin (COM(2006) 643 final, 30.10.2006)
Council Recommendation of 9 December 2013 on effective Roma integration measures in the Member States (OJ C 378, 24.12.2013, pp. 1-7)
Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Joint Report on the application of Council Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin (‘Racial Equality Directive’) and of Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation (‘Employment Equality Directive’) (COM(2014) 2 final, 17.1.2014)
last update 23.02.2017