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Preparation and marketing of medicated feedingstuffs for animals

Preparation and marketing of medicated feedingstuffs for animals



Directive 90/167/EEC laying down the conditions governing the preparation, placing on the market and use of medicated feedingstuffs


It lays down rules to:

  • safeguard public health from dangers arising from the administration of medicated feedingstuffs to animals intended for food production; and
  • prevent distortions in competition in the keeping and rearing of farm animals.

Regulation (EU) 2019/4 repeals Directive 90/167/EEC with effect from 28 January 2022.


The directive requires that:

  • only authorised medicated pre-mixes be used to manufacture medicated feedingstuffs; and
  • precise instructions be given for the utilisation of such feedingstuffs.

EU countries must ensure that medicated feedingstuffs are manufactured only under certain conditions:

  • producers’ premises have already been approved by the competent national authority, as have their technical equipment, their storage and inspection facilities;
  • producers’ premises, staff and equipment comply with national manufacturing hygiene rules and principles;
  • producers’ staff have adequate levels of knowledge of and qualifications in mixing technology;
  • the manufacturing process conforms to the rules of good manufacturing practice.

Manufacturers’ responsibilities

EU countries must also oblige producers to be responsible for ensuring that:

  • only feedingstuffs or combinations thereof which comply with EU rules on feedingstuffs are used;
  • the feedingstuff used produces a homogeneous and stable mix with the authorised medicated pre-mix;
  • the authorised medicated pre-mix is used during the manufacturing process in accordance with the conditions laid down when authorisation for placing on the market was given (for example, no possibility of any undesirable interaction between veterinary medicinal products, additives and feedingstuffs);
  • the daily dose of medicinal product is contained in a quantity of feedingstuff corresponding to at least half the daily feed ration of the animals treated or, in the case of ruminants (for example, cattle and sheep), corresponding to at least half the daily requirement of non-mineral supplementary feedingstuffs.

Placing of products on the market

Producers are also responsible for the quality of the products placed on the market.

Medicated feedingstuffs may be:

  • placed on the market only in sealed packaging labelled in accordance with the rules in force;
  • supplied to stockfarmers only on presentation of a prescription from a veterinarian subject to certain specific conditions.

Administration of medicated feedingstuffs

  • Where medicated feedingstuffs are administered to animals intended for human consumption, treated animals must not be slaughtered before the end of the legally stipulated withdrawal period.
  • To permit effective controls, those concerned must keep a register, or retain documents for a certain period.

Veterinary checks

The safeguard measures laid down by Directive 89/662/EEC and the rules on veterinary checks laid down in that directive apply to trade in medicated pre-mixes.


Directive 90/167/EEC is repealed by Regulation (EU) 2019/4 (see summary on Medicated animal feed — manufacture, marketing and use) as of 28 January 2022.


It has applied since 6 April 1990 and had to become law in the EU countries by 1 October 1991, except as regards the requirements in Article 11(2) in relation to Directive 89/662/EEC for which the deadline was 31 December 1992.


For more information, see:


Council Directive 90/167/EEC of 26 March 1990 laying down the conditions governing the preparation, placing on the market and use of medicated feedingstuffs in the Community (OJ L 92, 7.4.1990, pp. 42-48)

Successive amendments to Directive 90/167/EEC have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.


Regulation (EU) 2019/4 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed, amending Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directive 90/167/EEC (OJ L 4, 7.1.2019, pp. 1-23)

Regulation (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on official controls and other official activities performed to ensure the application of food and feed law, rules on animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection products, amending Regulations (EC) No 999/2001, (EC) No 396/2005, (EC) No 1069/2009, (EC) No 1107/2009, (EU) No 1151/2012, (EU) No 652/2014, (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2016/2031 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulations (EC) No 1/2005 and (EC) No 1099/2009 and Council Directives 98/58/EC, 1999/74/EC, 2007/43/EC, 2008/119/EC and 2008/120/EC, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 854/2004 and (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 89/608/EEC, 89/662/EEC, 90/425/EEC, 91/496/EEC, 96/23/EC, 96/93/EC and 97/78/EC and Council Decision 92/438/EEC (Official Controls Regulation) (OJ L 95, 7.4.2017, pp. 1-142)

See consolidated version.

Directive 2001/82/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to veterinary medicinal products (OJ L 311, 28.11.2001, pp. 1-66)

See consolidated version.

Commission Directive 91/412/EEC of 23 July 1991 laying down the principles and guidelines of good manufacturing practice for veterinary medicinal products (OJ L 228, 17.8.1991, pp. 70-73)

Council Directive 89/662/EEC of 11 December 1989 concerning veterinary checks in intra-Community trade with a view to the completion of the internal market (OJ L 395, 30.12.1989, pp. 13-22)

See consolidated version.

last update 25.04.2019