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Agricultural production — crop statistics

Agricultural production — crop statistics



Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 — crop statistics


It lays down common rules for EU-wide statistics on agricultural land use and crop production.


EU countries must provide the European Commission (Eurostat) with quality annual agricultural statistics on land use and total production of:

  • crops from arable land;
  • vegetables, melons and strawberries, and
  • permanent crops*;

EU countries must:

  • provide the data annually, within specified time limits, for the relevant harvest year*;
  • ensure the accuracy of all data;
  • provide the Commission every 3 years, starting on 1 October 2011, with reports on the quality of the data they send.

The European Commission may:

  • amend non-essential elements of the legislation. It did so through Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 2015/1557 when it updated the annex containing the full list of crops covered by the regulation.

The data cover over 100 crops in different categories and subcategories:

  • cereals (17 categories),
  • other main crops, mainly
    • dry pulses (such as beans, lentils and peas),
    • protein,
    • root (such as potatoes or sugar beet),
    • industrial crops (such as cotton, oilseed crops, hops and tobacco) (29),
  • vegetables (40),
  • permanent crops (41),
  • utilised agricultural land (18).


It has applied since 1 January 2010.


Accurate and timely crop statistics are essential to ensure proper administration of the common agricultural policy and management of the various individual product markets.

Data for cereals have been available since 1955 and since the early 1960s for fruit and vegetables. Most EU governments began sending data in the 1970s and 1980s, once they had joined the EU.

Eurostat, the EU’s statistical office, publishes data from the EU countries, the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and current and potential EU candidate countries.

For more information, see:


Permanent crops: crops that are harvested from perennial bushes, trees and vines such as raspberries, apples and grapes.
Harvest year: the calendar year in which the harvest begins.


Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 concerning crop statistics and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 837/90 and (EEC) No 959/93 (OJ L 167, 29.6.2009, pp. 1-11)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.


Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2015/1557 of 13 July 2015 amending Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of concerning crop statistics (OJ L 244, 19.9.2015, pp. 11-19)

Commission Decision 2010/130/EU of 1 March 2010 granting a derogation from implementation of Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning crop statistics with regard to Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Portugal and Sweden (OJ L 51, 2.3.2010, p. 24)

Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 571/88 (OJ L 321, 1.12.2008, pp. 14-34)

See consolidated version.

last update 15.05.2018