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The EU’s Animal Health Law

The EU’s Animal Health Law

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) 2016/429 on transmissible animal diseases

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REGULATION?

  • It aims to prevent and control animal diseases that can be transmitted to other animals or humans.
  • The animal health law is part of a package of measures proposed by the European Commission in May 2013 to strengthen the enforcement of health and safety standards for the entire agri-food chain.

KEY POINTS

This comprehensive regulation supports the EU livestock and food production sectors and the related EU market, for sustainability, competitiveness, growth and jobs. It replaces and extends existing EU rules on animal health, bringing most together into one simpler law encouraging a better focus on the key priorities in tackling disease, including:

  • clearer responsibilities helping farmers (livestock, fish and shellfish farms) and other people involved (e.g. vets) with early detection to prevent major disease outbreaks or diseases from spreading in order to limit their damage;
  • simplified administration for international trade in certain live animals and animal products (such as semen, ova and embryos);
  • a clearer legal basis and better tools for veterinary authorities to fight potentially devastating transmissible diseases, particularly for surveillance, diagnosis and notification;
  • more flexibility to adjust rules to local circumstances and emerging issues, such as climate and social change;
  • reducing adverse effects on animal and human health and the environment.

It sets out requirements for:

  • disease prevention and preparation for possible outbreaks (e.g. biosecurity* measures), such as the use of diagnostic tools, vaccination and medical treatments;
  • the identification and registration of animals and the certification and tracing of their consignments, as well as those of certain animal products (e.g. semen, ova, embryos);
  • the entry of animals and animal products into the EU, and their movement within the EU;
  • disease control and eradication, including emergency measures such as restrictions on the movement of animals, culling and vaccination.

The rules cover animal diseases in all kept animals (including pets in some cases), wild animals and animal products, both terrestrial and aquatic. They do not directly cover animal welfare, although the link between the health of the animals and their welfare is recognised and taken into account when considering the impact of disease.

The EU’s Animal Health Law is supplemented by the following:

  • traceability and animal health requirements for movements within the EU of germinal products (semen, ova and embryos) of certain kept terrestrial animals, and the approval of germinal product establishments (establishments which produce or process germinal products);
  • prevention and control of certain diseases;
  • animal health requirements for movements within the EU of terrestrial animals and hatching eggs;
  • surveillance, eradication and disease-free status for certain diseases;
  • rules for aquaculture establishments and transporters of aquatic animals;
  • rules for entry into the EU, and the movement and handling after entry, of consignments of certain animals, germinal products and products of animal origin;
  • rules for establishments keeping terrestrial animals and hatcheries, and the traceability of certain kept terrestrial animals and hatching eggs;
  • diseases subject to EU surveillance programmes, their geographical scope and diseases for which disease-free areas may be set up;
  • animal health requirements for the movements within the EU of aquatic animals and products of animal origin from aquatic animals.

The regulations supplementing or implementing EU’s Animal Health Law are:

  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/1629 on listing of diseases;
  • Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1882 on categories of listed diseases;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/2035 on establishments keeping terrestrial animals and hatcheries, and traceability (as amended by Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/1625);
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/686 on movements within the EU of germinal products of certain kept terrestrial animals;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/687 on prevention and control of certain diseases;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/688 on animal health requirements for movements within the EU of terrestrial animals and hatching eggs;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/689 on surveillance and eradication programmes for certain emerging diseases;
  • Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/690 on listed diseases subject to EU surveillance programmes;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/691 on rules for aquaculture establishments;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/692 on rules for entry into the EU, movement and handling of certain animals, germinal products and products of animal origin;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/990 on animal health and certification requirements for movements within the EU of aquatic animals and products of animal origin;
  • Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/999 on approval of germinal product establishments and the traceability of germinal products of bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine animals;
  • Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2002 on reporting of listed diseases;
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/2154 on animal health, certification and notification requirements for movements within the EU of products of animal origin from terrestrial animals;
  • Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2235 on animal health certificates for the entry into the EU and movements within the EU of consignments of certain categories of animals and goods;
  • Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2236 on model animal health certificates for the entry into the EU and movements within the EU of consignments of aquatic animals.

FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

The regulation applies from 21 April 2021. However, it includes some transitional measures and repeals of older legislation which apply from 21 April 2016.

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

KEY TERMS

Biosecurity: management procedures, actions or facilities designed to reduce the risk of disease in animals.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on transmissible animal diseases and amending and repealing certain acts in the area of animal health (‘Animal Health Law’) (OJ L 84, 31.3.2016, pp. 1-208)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) 2016/429 have been incorporated into the original document. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/1629 of 25 July 2018 amending the list of diseases set out in Annex II to Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council on transmissible animal diseases and amending and repealing certain acts in the area of animal health (‘Animal Health Law’) (OJ L 272, 31.10.2018, pp. 11-15)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1882 of 3 December 2018 on the application of certain disease prevention and control rules to categories of listed diseases and establishing a list of species and groups of species posing a considerable risk for the spread of those listed diseases (OJ L 308, 4.12.2018, pp. 21-29)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/686 of 17 December 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the approval of germinal product establishments and the traceability and animal health requirements for movements within the Union of germinal products of certain kept terrestrial animals (OJ L 174, 3.6.2020, pp. 1-63)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/687 of 17 December 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and the Council, as regards rules for the prevention and control of certain listed diseases (OJ L 174, 3.6.2020, pp. 64-139)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/688 of 17 December 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council, as regards animal health requirements for movements within the Union of terrestrial animals and hatching eggs (OJ L 174, 3.6.2020, pp. 140-210)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/689 of 17 December 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards rules for surveillance, eradication programmes, and disease-free status for certain listed and emerging diseases (OJ L 174, 3.6.2020, pp. 211-340)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/691 of 30 January 2020 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of Council as regards rules for aquaculture establishments and transporters of aquatic animals (OJ L 174, 3.6.2020, pp. 345-378)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/692 of 30 January 2020 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards rules for entry into the Union, and the movement and handling after entry of consignments of certain animals, germinal products and products of animal origin (OJ L 174, 3.6.2020, pp. 379-520)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/2035 of 28 June 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards rules for establishments keeping terrestrial animals and hatcheries, and the traceability of certain kept terrestrial animals and hatching eggs (OJ L 314, 5.12.2019, pp. 115-169)

See consolidated version.

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/1625 of 25 August 2020 amending Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/2035 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards rules for establishments keeping terrestrial animals and hatcheries, and the traceability of certain kept terrestrial animals and hatching eggs (OJ L 366, 4.11.2020, pp. 1-3)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/690 of 17 December 2019 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the listed diseases subject to Union surveillance programmes, the geographical scope of such programmes and the listed diseases for which the disease-free status of compartments may be established (OJ L 174, 3.6.2020, pp. 341-344)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/990 of 28 April 2020 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council, as regards animal health and certification requirements for movements within the Union of aquatic animals and products of animal origin from aquatic animals (OJ L 221, 10.7.2020, pp. 42-63)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/999 of 9 July 2020 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the approval of germinal product establishments and the traceability of germinal products of bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine animals (OJ L 221, 10.7.2020, pp. 99-104)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2002 of 7 December 2020 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to Union notification and Union reporting of listed diseases, to formats and procedures for submission and reporting of Union surveillance programmes and of eradication programmes and for application for recognition of disease-free status, and to the computerised information system (OJ L 412, 8.12.2020, pp. 1-28)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/2154 of 14 October 2020 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards animal health, certification and notification requirements for movements within the Union of products of animal origin from terrestrial animals (OJ L 431, 21.12.2020, pp. 5-8)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2235 of 16 December 2020 laying down rules for the application of Regulations (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards model animal health certificates, model official certificates and model animal health/official certificates, for the entry into the Union and movements within the Union of consignments of certain categories of animals and goods, official certification regarding such certificates and repealing Regulation (EC) No 599/2004, Implementing Regulations (EU) No 636/2014 and (EU) 2019/628, Directive 98/68/EC and Decisions 2000/572/EC, 2003/779/EC and 2007/240/EC (OJ L 442, 30.12.2020, pp. 1-409)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2236 of 16 December 2020 laying down rules for the application of Regulations (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards model animal health certificates for the entry into the Union and movements within the Union of consignments of aquatic animals and of certain products of animal origin from aquatic animals, official certification regarding such certificates and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1251/2008 (OJ L 442, 30.12.2020, pp. 410-464)

last update 11.12.2020

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