EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 52022PC0169

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the position to be adopted, on behalf of the European Union, within the EEA Joint Committee, concerning the amendment to Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement

COM/2022/169 final

Brussels, 20.4.2022

COM(2022) 169 final

2022/0113(NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

on the position to be adopted, on behalf of the European Union, within the EEA Joint Committee, concerning the amendment to Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement

(Text with EEA relevance)


EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1.Subject matter of the proposal

This proposal concerns the decision establishing the position to be adopted on the Union's behalf in the EEA Joint Committee in connection with the envisaged adoption of the Joint Committee Decision concerning an amendment of Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement

2.Context of the proposal

2.1.The EEA Agreement

The Agreement on the European Economic Area (‘the EEA Agreement’) guarantees equal rights and obligations within the Internal Market for citizens and economic operators in the EEA. It provides for the inclusion of EU legislation covering the four freedoms throughout the 30 EEA States comprising of EU Member States, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. In addition, the EEA Agreement covers cooperation in other important areas such as research and development, education, social policy, the environment, consumer protection, tourism and culture, collectively known as “flanking and horizontal” policies. The Agreement entered into force on 1 January 1994. The European Union together with its Member States is a party to the Agreement.

2.2.The EEA Joint Committee

The EEA Joint Committee is responsible for the management of the EEA Agreement. It is a forum for exchanging views linked to functioning of the EEA Agreement. Its decisions are taken by consensus and are binding on the Parties. The responsibility for coordinating EEA matters on the EU side is with the Secretariat General of the European Commission. 

2.3.The envisaged act of the EEA Joint Committee

The EEA Joint Committee is expected to adopt the EEA Joint Committee Decision (‘the envisaged act’) regarding the amendment of Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement.

The purpose of the envisaged act is to incorporate Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 establishing a general plan for crisis management in the field of the safety of food and feed 1 into the EEA Agreement.

The envisaged act will become binding on the parties in accordance with Articles 103 and 104 of the EEA Agreement.

3.Position to be taken on the Union's behalf

The Commission submits the draft Decision of the EEA Joint Committee for adoption by the Council as the Union’s position. The position, once adopted, should be presented in the EEA Joint Committee at the earliest possible opportunity.

The annexed Decision of the EEA Joint Committee introduces participation rights for the EEA EFTA States in the work of a Union governing body, which goes beyond what can be considered mere technical adaptations in the sense of the Council Regulation No 2894/94. The Union position shall therefore be established by the Council.

4.Legal basis

4.1.Procedural legal basis

4.1.1.Principles

Article 218(9) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides for decisions establishing ‘the positions to be adopted on the Union’s behalf in a body set up by an agreement, when that body is called upon to adopt acts having legal effects, with the exception of acts supplementing or amending the institutional framework of the agreement.’

The concept of ‘acts having legal effects’ includes acts that have legal effects by virtue of the rules of international law governing the body in question. It also includes instruments that do not have a binding effect under international law, but that are ‘capable of decisively influencing the content of the legislation adopted by the EU legislature 2 .

4.1.2.Application to the present case

The EEA Joint Committee is a body set up by an agreement, namely the EEA Agreement. The act, which the EEA Joint Committee is called upon to adopt, constitutes an act having legal effects. The envisaged act will be binding under international law in accordance with Articles 103 and 104 of the EEA Agreement.

The envisaged act does not supplement or amend the institutional framework of the Agreement. Therefore, the procedural legal basis for the proposed decision is Article 218(9) TFEU in conjunction with Article 1(3) of Council Regulation No 2894/94 concerning arrangements for implementing the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

4.2.Substantive legal basis

4.2.1.Principles

The substantive legal basis for a decision under Article 218(9) TFEU in conjunction with Article 1(3) of Council Regulation No 2894/94 depends primarily on the substantive legal basis of the EU legal act to be incorporated into the EEA Agreement.

If the envisaged act pursues two aims or has two components and if one of those aims or components is identifiable as the main one, whereas the other is merely incidental, the decision under Article 218(9) TFEU must be founded on a single substantive legal basis, namely that required by the main or predominant aim or component.

4.2.2.Application to the present case

The main objective and content of the envisaged act relate to food safety. Therefore, the substantive legal basis of the proposed decision is Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

4.3.Conclusion

The legal basis of the proposed decision should be Article 114 TFEU, in conjunction with Article 218(9) TFEU and Article 1(3) of Council Regulation No 2894/94 concerning arrangements for implementing the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

5.Publication of the envisaged act

As the act of the EEA Joint Committee will amend Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement, it is appropriate to publish it in the Official Journal of the European Union after its adoption.

2022/0113 (NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

on the position to be adopted, on behalf of the European Union, within the EEA Joint Committee, concerning the amendment to Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 114, in conjunction with Article 218(9) thereof,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 2894/94 of 28 November 1994 concerning arrangements for implementing the Agreement on the European Economic Area 3 , and in particular Article 1(3) thereof, 

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)The Agreement on the European Economic Area 4 ('the EEA Agreement') entered into force on 1 January 1994. 

(2)Pursuant to Article 98 of the EEA Agreement, the EEA Joint Committee may decide to amend, inter alia, Annex I to the EEA Agreement, which contains provisions on veterinary and phytosanitary matters.

(3)Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 of 19 February 2019 5  is to be incorporated into the EEA Agreement.

(4)Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement should be amended accordingly.

(5)The position of the Union in the EEA Joint Committee should therefore be based on the draft EEA Joint Committee Decision set out in the Annex to this Decision,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The position to be adopted on the Union's behalf within the EEA Joint Committee on the proposed amendment of Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement shall be based on the draft decision of the EEA Joint Committee attached to this Decision.

Article 2

This Decision shall enter into force on the date of its adoption.

Done at Brussels,

   For the Council

   The President

(1)    Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 of 19 February 2019 establishing a general plan for crisis management in the field of the safety of food and feed, OJ L 50, 21.2.2019, p. 55.
(2)    Judgment of the Court of Justice of 7 October 2014, Germany v Council, C-399/12, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2258, paragraphs 61 to 64.
(3)    OJ L 305, 30.11.1994, p. 6.
(4)    OJ L 1, 3.1.1994, p. 3.
(5)    Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 of 19 February 2019 establishing a general plan for crisis management in the field of the safety of food and feed, OJ L 50, 21.2.2019, p. 55.
Top

Brussels, 20.4.2022

COM(2022) 169 final

ANNEX

to the

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION

on the position to be adopted, on behalf of the European Union,
within the EEA Joint Committee, concerning the amendment
to Annex I (Veterinaryand phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement


ANNEX

DRAFT DECISION OF THE EEA JOINT COMMITTEE

No […]

of […]

amending Annex I (Veterinary and phytosanitary matters) to the EEA Agreement

THE EEA JOINT COMMITTEE,

Having regard to the Agreement on the European Economic Area (“the EEA Agreement”), and in particular Article 98 thereof,

Whereas:

(1)Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 of 19 February 2019 establishing a general plan for crisis management in the field of the safety of food and feed 1  is to be incorporated into the EEA Agreement.

(2)Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 repeals Commission Decision 2004/478/EC, which is incorporated into the EEA Agreement and which is consequently to be repealed under the EEA Agreement.

(3)This Decision concerns legislation regarding veterinary matters and feedingstuffs. Legislation regarding veterinary matters and feedingstuffs shall not apply to Liechtenstein as long as the application of the Agreement between the European Community and the Swiss Confederation on trade in agricultural products is extended to Liechtenstein, as specified in the sectoral adaptations to Annex I to the EEA Agreement. This Decision is therefore not to apply to Liechtenstein.

(4)Annex I to the EEA Agreement should therefore be amended accordingly,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

Annex I to the EEA Agreement shall be amended as follows:

1.The following is inserted after point 59 (Commission Implementing Decision 2013/503/EU) in Part 7.2 of Chapter I:

‘60.32019 D 0300: Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 of 19 February 2019 establishing a general plan for crisis management in the field of the safety of food and feed (OJ L 50, 21.2.2019, p. 55).

The provisions of the Decision shall, for the purposes of this Agreement, be read with the following adaptation:

Where the Commission identifies a situation referred to in Article 56(1) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 in which an EFTA State is directly concerned and sets up a crisis unit in accordance with Article 56(2) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, the crisis coordinator(s) designated by the EFTA State directly concerned and the crisis coordinator designated by the EFTA Surveillance Authority shall take part in the work of the crisis unit.’

2.The following is inserted after point 47a (Commission Regulation (EU) No 16/2011) of Chapter II:

‘47b. 32019 D 0300: Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 of 19 February 2019 establishing a general plan for crisis management in the field of the safety of food and feed (OJ L 50, 21.2.2019, p. 55).

The provisions of the Decision shall, for the purposes of this Agreement, be read with the following adaptation:

Where the Commission identifies a situation referred to in Article 56(1) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 in which an EFTA State is directly concerned and sets up a crisis unit in accordance with Article 56(2) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, the crisis coordinator(s) designated by the EFTA State directly concerned and the crisis coordinator designated by the EFTA Surveillance Authority shall take part in the work of the crisis unit.’

3.The text of points 31 (Commission Decision 2004/478/EC) in Part 7.2 of Chapter I and 43 (Commission Decision 2004/478/EC) of Chapter II is deleted.

Article 2

The text of Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/300 in the Icelandic and Norwegian languages, to be published in the EEA Supplement to the Official Journal of the European Union, shall be authentic.

Article 3

This Decision shall enter into force on […], provided that all the notifications under Article 103(1) of the EEA Agreement have been made 2*.

Article 4

This Decision shall be published in the EEA Section of, and in the EEA Supplement to, the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Brussels, […].

   For the EEA Joint Committee

   The President

   […]

   The Secretaries

   To the EEA Joint Committee

                       […]

(1)    OJ L 50, 21.2.2019, p. 55.
(2) *    [No constitutional requirements indicated.] [Constitutional requirements indicated.]
Top