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Document 62018CN0066

Case C-66/18: Action brought on 1 February 2018 — European Commission v Hungary

OJ C 211, 18.6.2018, p. 7–8 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

201806010361917382018/C 211/10662018CJC21120180618EN01ENINFO_JUDICIAL201802017822

Case C-66/18: Action brought on 1 February 2018 — European Commission v Hungary

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Action brought on 1 February 2018 — European Commission v Hungary

(Case C-66/18)

2018/C 211/10Language of the case: Hungarian

Parties

Applicant: European Commission (represented by: V. Di Bucci, L. Malferrari, B. De Meester and K. Talabér-Ritz, acting as Agents)

Defendant: Hungary

Form of order sought

The Commission claims that the Court of Justice should declare that Hungary has failed to fulfil:

its obligations arising from Article XVII of the GATS (General Agreement on Trade in Services) by requiring foreign higher education institutions situated outside the EEA to conclude an international agreement as a prerequisite for providing education services, pursuant to Article 76(1)(a) of Law CCIV of 2011, as amended;

its obligations arising from Article 16 of Directive 2006/123/EC ( 1 ) and, in any event, from Articles 49 TFEU and 56 TFEU as well as from Article XVII of the GATS, by requiring foreign higher education institutions to offer higher education in their country of origin, pursuant to Article 76(1)(b) of Law CCIV of 2011, as amended;

its obligations arising from Articles 13, 14(3) and 16 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, in relation to the restrictions described above; and that the Court should

order Hungary to pay the costs.

Pleas in law and main arguments

The legal basis for the provision of higher education services in Hungary is Law CCIV of 2011 on national higher education, Article 76(1)(a) of which provides that a foreign higher education institution may carry out on the territory of Hungary an education activity leading to a degree only if the Hungarian Government and the Government of the State in which the foreign higher education institution is located have agreed to be bound by an international agreement relating to support in principle given to the institution to carry out an activity in Hungary, an agreement that, in the case of a federal State, is based on a previous agreement concluded with the central Government when it does not have competence to agree to be bound by an international agreement.

Furthermore, Article 76(1)(b) of Law CCIV of 2011 provides that foreign higher education institutions which carry out an activity in Hungary not only must be higher education institutions recognised by the State in the country in which they are located, but also must genuinely offer higher education in the country concerned.

On 27 April 2017, the Commission initiated infringement proceedings against Hungary in relation to Law CCIV of 2011, as amended.

As it did not consider the response presented by Hungary to be satisfactory, the Commission, on 14 July 2017, sent to Hungary a reasoned opinion, thereby moving to the next phase of infringement proceedings.

Taking the view that the response to the reasoned opinion was also unsatisfactory, the Commission decided to refer the case to the Court of Justice for a declaration that Hungary has failed to fulfil its obligations arising from Article XVII of the GATS, Article 16 of Directive 2006/123/EC, Articles 49 TFEU and 56 TFEU, and Articles 13, 14(3) and 16 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.


( 1 ) Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on services in the internal market (OJ 2006 L 376, p. 36).

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