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Document 62018CN0025

Case C-25/18: Request for a preliminary ruling from the Okrazhen sad Blagoevgrad (Bulgaria) lodged on 16 January 2018 — Bryan Andrew Ker v Pavlo Postnov, Natalia Postnova

OJ C 112, 26.3.2018, p. 21–22 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

26.3.2018   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 112/21


Request for a preliminary ruling from the Okrazhen sad Blagoevgrad (Bulgaria) lodged on 16 January 2018 — Bryan Andrew Ker v Pavlo Postnov, Natalia Postnova

(Case C-25/18)

(2018/C 112/28)

Language of the case: Bulgarian

Referring court

Okrazhen sad Blagoevgrad

Parties to the main proceedings

Appellant: Bryan Andrew Ker

Respondents: Pavlo Postnov, Natalia Postnova

Questions referred

1.

Do the decisions of unincorporated associations created by operation of law due to the special ownership of a right, which are taken by a majority of their members but which bind all of them, including those who did not cast a vote, form the basis of a ‘contractual obligation’ for the purposes of determining international jurisdiction pursuant to Article 7(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012? (1)

2.

If the first question is answered in the negative: Are the rules on determining the applicable law for contractual relationships under Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 (2) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I) applicable to such decisions?

3.

If the first and the second questions are answered in the negative: Are the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 (3) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II) applicable to such decisions, and which of the non-contractual bases of liability referred to in that regulation is relevant here?

4.

If the first or second question is answered in the affirmative: Should the decisions of unincorporated associations regarding expenditure for building maintenance be regarded as constituting a ‘contract for the provision of services’ within the meaning of Article 4(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I) or as a contract relating to a ‘right in rem’ or a ‘tenancy’ within the meaning of Article 4(1)(c) of that regulation?


(1)  Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ 2012 L 351, p. 1).

(2)  Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I) (OJ 2008 L 177, p. 6).

(3)  Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II) (OJ 2007 L 199, p. 40).


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