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Document 62008CN0238

Case C-238/08: Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Cour de Cassation (France) lodged on 3 June 2008 — Google France v CNRRH, Pierre-Alexis Thonet, Bruno Raboin, Tiger, a franchisee of Unicis

OJ C 209, 15.8.2008, p. 27–28 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

15.8.2008   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 209/27


Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Cour de Cassation (France) lodged on 3 June 2008 — Google France v CNRRH, Pierre-Alexis Thonet, Bruno Raboin, Tiger, a franchisee of ‘Unicis’

(Case C-238/08)

(2008/C 209/41)

Language of the case: French

Referring court

Cour de Cassation (Commercial, Financial and Economic Division)

Parties to the main proceedings

Appellant: Google France

Respondents: CNRRH, Pierre-Alexis Thonet, Bruno Raboin, Tiger, a franchisee of ‘Unicis’

Questions referred

1.

Does the reservation by an economic operator, by means of an agreement on paid Internet referencing, of a keyword triggering, in the case of a request using that word, the display of a link proposing connection to a site operated by that operator in order to offer for sale goods or services, and which reproduces or imitates a trade mark registered by a third party in order to designate identical or similar goods, without the authorisation of the proprietor of that trade mark, constitute in itself an infringement of the exclusive right guaranteed to the latter by Article 5 of First Council Directive 89/104/EEC of 21 December 1988 (1)?

2.

Must Article 5(1)(a) and (b) of First Council Directive 89/104/EEC of 21 December 1988 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks be interpreted as meaning that a provider of a paid referencing service who makes available to advertisers keywords reproducing or imitating registered trade marks and arranges by the referencing agreement to create and favourably display, on the basis of those keywords, advertising links to sites offering goods identical or similar to those covered by the trade mark registration is using those trade marks in a manner which their proprietor is entitled to prevent?

3.

In the event that such use does not constitute a use which may be prevented by the trade mark proprietor under the directive or [Council Regulation (EC) No 40/94 of 20 December 1993 on the Community trade mark] (2), may the provider of the paid referencing service be regarded as providing an information society service consisting of the storage of information provided by the recipient of the service, within the meaning of Article 14 of Directive 2000/31 of 8 June 2000 (3), so that that provider cannot incur liability before it has been informed by the trade mark proprietor of the unlawful use of the sign by the advertiser?


(1)  First Council Directive 89/104/EEC of 21 December 1988 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (OJ 1989 L 40, p. 1).

(2)  OJ 1994 L 11, p. 1.

(3)  Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market (‘Directive on electronic commerce’) (OJ 2000 L 178, p. 1).


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