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Document 52019PC0606

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the Association Committee in Trade configuration

COM/2019/606 final

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 19/12/2019

Brussels, 27.11.2019

COM(2019) 606 final

2019/0268(NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the Association Committee in Trade configuration


EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1.Subject matter of the proposal

This proposal concerns the decision establishing the position to be taken on the Union's behalf in the EU-Moldova Association Committee in Trade configuration in connection with the envisaged adoption of a decision updating Annex XV of the EU-Moldova Association Agreement.

2.Context of the proposal

2.1.The Association Agreement

The Association Agreement between the European union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Members States, on the one part, and the Republic of Moldova, on the other part (‘the Agreement’) establishes the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (‘DCFTA’) which aims to establish conditions for enhanced economic and trade relations. This includes the progressive reduction or elimination of custom duties on goods traded between both Parties. The Agreement entered fully into force on 1 July 2016.

2.2.The Association Committee in Trade configuration

The Association Committee in Trade configuration was established in Article 438(4) of the Agreement and performs the tasks conferred upon it under Title V of the Agreement, i.e. Trade and Trade-related matters. By decision 3/2014 of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Council, of 16 December 2014, the Association Council delegated the power to update or amend the Annexes to the Agreement that relate to Chapters 1, 3, 5, 6 and 8 of Title V (Trade and Trade-related Matters) of the Agreement to the Association Committee in Trade configuration.

2.3.The envisaged act of the Association Committee in Trade configuration

Article 147 of the Agreement provides that the Parties shall examine, in the Association Committee in Trade configuration, on an appropriate reciprocal basis, the opportunities for granting each other further concessions with a view to improving liberalisation of trade in agricultural products, in particular those subject to tariff-rate quotas (TRQs). More concretely, Article 147(5) foresees such review during the third year after the entry into force of the Agreement. Furthermore, Article 148(5) foresees the possibility for the Association Committee in Trade configuration to amend, by mutual consent, the trigger volumes of the products subject to the anti-circumvention mechanism (Annex XV-C).

“Decision No …/… of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Committee in Trade configuration of … 20… updating Annex XV to the Agreement” (‘the envisaged act’), is expected to be adopted by the Association Committee in Trade configuration by written procedure, as provided for in Article 11 of Annex II of Decision No 1/2014 of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Council, of 16 December 2014, adopting its Rules of Procedure and those of the Association Committee and of subcommittees.

The purpose of the envisaged act is to amend Annex XV of the Agreement (“Elimination of customs duties”) in line with the results of the negotiations between the European Commission and the Republic of Moldova, which were initiated at the request of the Republic of Moldova in the framework of the above mentioned review.

3.Position to be taken on the Union's behalf

The position to be adopted on behalf of the Union aims at modifying Annex XV of the Agreement, in line with the results of the negotiations between the European Commission and the Republic of Moldova.

Pursuant to the provisions of Article 147(4) and 148(5) of the Agreement, the results of the negotiation will be formalized through a Decision of the EU-Moldova Association Committee on Trade configuration. According to the procedure foreseen in Article 218(9) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (‘TFEU’), the Commission will present a proposal to the Council, which shall adopt a decision establishing the position to be adopted on the Union's behalf in the above-mentioned committee.

The following tables summarize the proposed amendments:

Table 1 – Amendments to Annex XV-A (TRQs for Moldovan exports into the EU)

Product (CN code)

Current (tonnes)

New (tonnes)

Table grapes, fresh (08061010)

10 000

20 000

Plums, fresh (08094005)

10 000

15 000

Cherries (excl. sour cherries), fresh (08092900)*

Non existing

1 500

* In Annex XV-B, in the list of products subject to entry price, the line with CN code 2012 0809 29 00 and product description “Cherries (excl. sour cherries), fresh” shall be deleted.

Table 2 – Amendments to Annex XV-C (trigger volumes of the anti-circumvention mechanism for Moldovan exports into the EU)

Product category

Current (tonnes)

New (tonnes)

6. Wheat, flour and pellets

75 000

150 000

7. Barley, flour and pellets

70 000

100 000

8. Maize, flour and pellets

130 000

250 000

10. Cereal processed

2 500

5 000

Table 3 – Amendments to Annex XV-D (TRQs for EU exports into Moldova – Gradual phasing-in)

TRQ (product category)

Current

New

TRQ 1 (Pork)

4 000

5 500 (4 500/5 000/5 500)

TRQ 2 (Poultry)

4 000

6 000 (5 000/5 500/6 000)

TRQ 3 (Dairy)

1 000

2 000 (1 500/2 000)

TRQ 5 (Sugar)

5 400

9 000 (7 000/8 000/9 000)

This agreement should be seen in the broader context of the European Council Conclusions of 20 June 2019, by which the European Commission was invited to work on a set of concrete measures to support the Republic of Moldova, based on its sustained implementation of reforms under the Agreement / DCFTA.

The Commission presented the result of the negotiations at the Trade Policy Committee on 19 July 2019 and on 6 September 2019.

4.Legal basis

4.1.Procedural legal basis

4.1.1.Principles

Article 218(9) TFEU provides for decisions establishing ‘the positions to be adopted on the Union’s behalf in a body set up by an agreement, when that body is called upon to adopt acts having legal effects, with the exception of acts supplementing or amending the institutional framework of the agreement.’

The concept of ‘acts having legal effects’ includes acts that have legal effects by virtue of the rules of international law governing the body in question. It also includes instruments that do not have a binding effect under international law, but that are ‘capable of decisively influencing the content of the legislation adopted by the EU legislature’ 1 .

4.1.2.Application to the present case

The Association Committee in Trade configuration is a body set up by the Agreement. The act, which the Association Committee in Trade configuration is called upon to adopt, constitutes an act having legal effects. The envisaged act will be binding under international law in accordance with Article 438(3) of the Agreement. The envisaged act does not supplement or amend the institutional framework of the Agreement.

Therefore, the procedural legal basis for the proposed decision is Article 218(9) TFEU.

4.2.Substantive legal basis

4.2.1.Principles

The substantive legal basis for a decision under Article 218(9) TFEU depends primarily on the objective and content of the envisaged act in respect of which a position is taken on the Union's behalf. If the envisaged act pursues two aims or has two components and if one of those aims or components is identifiable as the main one, whereas the other is merely incidental, the decision under Article 218(9) TFEU must be founded on a single substantive legal basis, namely that required by the main or predominant aim or component.

4.2.2.Application to the present case

The objective and content of the envisaged act relate to the common commercial policy. Therefore, the substantive legal basis of the proposed decision is Article 207 TFEU.

4.3.Conclusion

The legal basis of the proposed decision should be Article 207(4) first subparagraph TFEU, in conjunction with Article 218(9) thereof.

5.Publication of the envisaged act

As the act of the Association Committee in Trade configuration will amend the Annex XV of the Agreement, it is appropriate to publish it in the Official Journal of the European Union after its adoption.

2019/0268 (NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the Association Committee in Trade configuration

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular the first subparagraph of Article 207(4), in conjunction with Article 218(9) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)The Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States of the one part, and the Republic of Moldova, of the other part ('the Agreement'), was concluded by the Union by Council Decision (EU) 2016/839 of 23 May 2016 2 and entered into force on 1 July 2016.

(2)Pursuant to Article 438(3) of the Agreement, the Association Committee in Trade configuration may adopt decisions in the areas in which the Association Council has delegated powers to it. The Association Council, by Decision No 3/2014 of 16 December 2014, has delegated to the Association Committee in Trade configuration its powers to update or amend certain trade-related annexes. 3

(3)Following consultations, in accordance with Article 147 of the Agreement, the Republic of Moldova and the European Union have agreed, on a reciprocal basis, to increase the volume of some products subject to annual duty-free tariff rate quotas.

(4)The European Union accepted to increase the volume of the tariff rate quotas (‘TRQ’) for goods originating in the Republic of Moldova for table grapes and plums, and to introduce a new tariff rate quota for cherries. The Republic of Moldova accepted to gradually increase the volume of the tariff rate quotas for goods originating in the European Union for the following products included in the Schedule of Concessions (Republic of Moldova): pork (‘TRQ 1’), poultry (‘TRQ 2’), dairy (‘TRQ 3’) and sugar (‘TRQ 5’).

(5)The Republic of Moldova requested the European Union to amend Annex XV-C in order to increase the volume for wheat (flour and pellets), barley (flour and pellets), maize (flour and pellets) and cereal processed for triggering the anti-circumvention mechanism provided in Article 148 of this Agreement.

(6)The Association Committee in Trade configuration is to adopt by written procedure a decision updating Annex XV to the Agreement.

(7)It is appropriate to establish the position to be taken on the Union's behalf in the Association Committee in Trade configuration, as the decision updating Annex XV of the Agreement will be binding on the Union,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The position to be taken on the Union's behalf in the Association Committee in Trade configuration regarding the update of Annex XV shall be based on the draft decision of that Committee attached to this Decision.

Article 2

The Commission shall publish the decision of the Association Committee in Trade configuration as adopted in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 3

This Decision is addressed to the Commission.

Done at Brussels,

   For the Council

   The President

(1)    Judgment of the Court of Justice of 7 October 2014, Germany v Council, C-399/12, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2258, paragraphs 61 to 64.
(2)    Council Decision (EU) 2016/839 of 23 May 2016 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Moldova, of the other part. OJ L 141, 28.5.2016, p. 28.
(3)    OJ L 110, 29.4.2015, p. 40.
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Brussels, 27.11.2019

COM(2019) 606 final

ANNEX

to the

Proposal for a Council Decision

on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the Association Committee in Trade configuration


ATTACHMENT

DRAFT

DECISION No ../… OF THE EU-MOLDOVA ASSOCIATION COMMITTEE IN trade CONFIGURATION

of … 20...

updating Annex XV to the Agreement

THE ASSOCIATION COMMITTEE IN TRADE CONFIGURATION,

Having regard to the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Moldova, of the other part, signed in Brussels on 27 June 2014, and in particular Article 147(4) and (5), Article 148(5) and Article 438(3) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)The Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States of the one part, and the Republic of Moldova, of the other part ('the Agreement'), entered into force on 1 July 2016.

(2)Following consultations, in accordance with Article 147 of the Agreement, the Republic of Moldova and the European Union have agreed, on a reciprocal basis, to increase the volume of some products subject to annual duty-free tariff rate quotas.

(3)The European Union accepted to increase the volume of the tariff rate quotas (“TRQ”) for goods originating in the Republic of Moldova for table grapes and plums, and to introduce a new tariff rate quota for cherries. The Republic of Moldova accepted to gradually increase the volume of the tariff rate quotas for goods originating in the European Union for the following products included in the Schedule of Concessions (Republic of Moldova): pork (“TRQ 1”), poultry (“TRQ 2”), dairy (“TRQ 3”) and sugar (“TRQ 5”).

(4)Following a request made by the Republic of Moldova in accordance with Article 148 of this Agreement, the European Union has accepted to increase the trigger volume for wheat (flour and pellets), barley (flour and pellets), maize (flour and pellets) and cereal processed.

(5)The Association Council, by Decision No 3/2014 of 16 December 2014, has delegated to the Association Committee in Trade configuration its powers to update or amend certain trade-related annexes.

HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:

Article 1

1.Annex XV-A to the Agreement shall be replaced by Annex 1 to this Decision.

2.In Annex XV-B, in the list of products subject to entry price, the line with CN code 2012 0809 29 00 and product description “Cherries (excl. sour cherries), fresh” shall be deleted.

3.In Annex XV-C, the trigger volumes for the following product categories shall be amended as follows:

(a)For the product category 6. Wheat, flour and pellets, in the column with title “Trigger volume (tonnes)”, the amount of “75 000” shall be replaced by the amount “150 000”;

(b)For the product category 7. Barley, flour and pellets, in the column with title “Trigger volume (tonnes)”, the amount of “70 000” shall be replaced by the amount “100 000”;

(c)For the product category 8. Maize, flour and pellets, in the column with title “Trigger volume (tonnes)”, the amount of “130 000” shall be replaced by the amount “250 000”; and

(d)For the product category 10. Cereal processed, in the column with title “Trigger volume (tonnes)”, the amount of “2 500” shall be replaced by the amount “5 000”.

4.In Annex XV-D, the Schedule of Concessions (Republic of Moldova), the fourth column with title “Category” shall be amended as follows:

(a)All references to “TRQ 1 (4 000 t)” shall be replaced by “TRQ 1 (4 500 t; for the year 2021: 5 000 t; and as of the year 2022: 5 500 t)”;

(b)All references to “TRQ 2 (4 000 t)” shall be replaced by “TRQ 2 (5 000 t; for the year 2021: 5 500 t; and as of the year 2022: 6 000 t)”;

(c)All references to “TRQ 3 (1 000 t)” shall be replaced by “TRQ 3 (1 500 t; and as of the year 2021: 2 000 t)”;

(d)All references to “TRQ 5 (5 400 t)” shall be replaced by “TRQ 5 (7 000 t; for the year 2021: 8 000 t; and as of the year 2022: 9 000 t)”.

Article 2

This Decision shall enter into force on the day of its adoption.

Done at …, ….

For the Association Committee in Trade configuration

The Chair

Annex 1

UPDATE of Annex XV-A to the Association Agreement

The text of Annex XV-A shall be replaced by the following text:

Annex XVA

products subject to annual dutyfree tariffrate quotas (UNION)

Order No

CN code

2012

Product description

Volume (tonnes)

Rate of duty

1

07020000

Tomatoes, fresh or chilled

2 000

free

2

07032000

Garlic, fresh or chilled

220

free

3

08061010

Table grapes, fresh

20 000

free

4

08081080

Apples, fresh (excl. cider apples, in bulk, from 16 September to 15 December)

40 000

free

5

08092900

Cherries (excl. sour cherries), fresh

1 500

free

6

08094005

Plums, fresh

15 000

free

7

20096110

Grape juice, incl. grape must, unfermented, Brix value <= 30 at 20°C, value of > EUR 18 per 100 kg, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter (excl. containing spirit)

500

free



Order No

CN code

2012

Product description

Volume (tonnes)

Rate of duty

20096919

Grape juice, incl. grape must, unfermented, Brix value > 67 at 20°C, value of > EUR 22 per 100 kg, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter (excl. containing spirit)

20096951

Concentrated grape juice, incl. grape must, unfermented, Brix value > 30 but <= 67 at 20°C, value of > EUR 18 per 100 kg, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter (excl. containing spirit)

20096959

Grape juice, incl. grape must, unfermented, Brix value > 30 but <= 67 at 20°C, value of > EUR 18 per 100 kg, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter (excl. concentrated or containing spirit)

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