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Document 52015XC0307(03)

Publication of an application pursuant to Article 50(2) point (b) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs

OJ C 80, 7.3.2015, p. 27–33 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

7.3.2015   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 80/27


Publication of an application pursuant to Article 50(2) point (b) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs

(2015/C 80/12)

This publication confers the right to oppose the application pursuant to Article 51 of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council (1).

APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION OF A TSG

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 509/2006

on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed  (2)

‘TRADITIONAL BRAMLEY APPLE PIE FILLING’

EC No: UK-TSG-007-0057-5.11.2008

1.   Name and address of the applicant group

Name:

UK Apples & Pears Ltd

Address:

Forest Lodge

Bulls Hill

Walford

Ross-on-Wye

Herefordshire HR9 5RH

UNITED KINGDOM

Tel.

+44 1732529781

Fax

+44 1732529781

E-mail:

info@englishapplesandpears.co.uk

UK Apples & Pears Ltd is a grower owned organisation formed in 1987. It now represents 73 % of United Kingdom commercial apple and pear producers and has actively participated in EU funded programmes to promote the increased consumption of fresh and processed apples in the fresh market, manufacturing, catering and food service industries.

2.   Member State or Third Country

United Kingdom

3.   Product specification

3.1.   Name(s) to be registered (Article 2 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007) of 18 October 2007 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed  (3)

‘Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling’

3.2.   Whether the name

is specific in itself

expresses the specific character of the agricultural product or foodstuff

The name expresses the traditional composition of the product: only Bramley apples with water and sugar, possibly with a squeeze of lemon and some cornflour thickening.

The single purpose culinary variety Bramley, with its unique blend of low dry matter, high malic acid and low sugar levels, and the noted absence of any additives confer to the Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling its characteristic tangy flavour.

3.3.   Whether reservation of the name is sought under Article 13(2) of Regulation (EC) No 509/2006

Registration with reservation of the name

Registration, without reservation of the name

3.4.   Type of product

Group 1.6: Fruit, vegetables and cereals, fresh or processed

3.5.   Description of the agricultural product or foodstuff to which the name under point 3.1 applies (Article 3(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling is a homogeneous blend of Bramley apple pieces, sugar and water. The apples used in the making of Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling must be between 65 mm-115 mm in size, whole apples which are ripe and must be free from severe skin blemishes, cuts and bruises. The Bramley apples must be cut to the minimum 15 mm required size, the shapes of the apple pieces may vary. This ingredient mix must contain well defined pieces of fruit with good firm texture. The apple pieces range in colour and are found in various shades of green which is typical of the Bramley’s Seedling variety.

The addition of Bramley apple purée and cornflour is optional and where it is used it should contain a minimum of 97 % Bramley apple with the remaining % being moisture added during the cooking process. The purée is processed by taking peel, core and flesh of the Bramley apple and applying heat and steam to the product. The purée is then sieved to remove any fibrous matter and should be a thick, smooth green/pale brown liquid typical of Bramley apple.

Lemon juice may also be added.

The end product contains the characteristic Bramley tangy taste. Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling is distributed to wholesalers, food service providers, bakeries, food manufacturers and retailers in a range of containers.

The ingredients for Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling consist of:

 

Bramley apple pieces — minimum size 15 mm

 

Sugar

 

Water

 

Bramley apple purée — optional

 

Cornflour — optional

 

Lemon juice — optional

The quantities of the ingredients used vary according to each manufacturer however the following technical characteristics must be adhered to:

 

Bramley apple pieces — minimum 40 %

 

Sugar — maximum 20 %

 

Water content — Maximum water activity should be 0,97 aw.

 

pH — less than 4

 

solids — minimum 2o Bx –

 

Viscosity — maximum flow 8 when using a Ford cup.

3.6.   Description of the production method of the agricultural product or foodstuff to which the name under point 3.1 applies (Article 3(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

Bramley apples are sourced as the raw material for Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling. The apples are grown in accordance with the following protocol:

Complete records of the growing, harvesting and storage of fruit are maintained for each consignment delivered to the manufacturing plant. Following initial inspection to ensure that the consignment is suitable for the Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling, apples go through a water floatation process followed by machine grading and manual line inspection prior to the manufacturing process.

The size of the apples that are used in making Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling vary between a minimum 65 mm to a maximum 115 mm. Due to the unique shape of the Bramley, adequate specialist sizing and handling procedures must be used to ensure accurate preparation of the raw materials.

The apples must be sound, clean, free from severe skin blemish, whole and ripe, and free from cuts and bruises > 0,5 mm in depth, bitter pit, rot or disfiguring scab. Due to the soft nature of the fruit, floatation and mechanical lines must be adapted to minimise low energy impact during the preparation and processing procedures.

The flavour of the Bramley Seedling apple is tangy and sharp. The colour is typical of Bramley Seedling Apple; ranging from very dark green to a lighter shade of green colour covering the whole skin of the apple. The texture of the apple should be of good firm crispy texture and in general fall into the categories of crunchy, juicy and firm.

Machine peeling and coring: the Bramley shape is irregular and specialist sizing, peeling coring and handling equipment is required to meet the demanding specification for the commercial manufacture of Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling, and hand trimming is required.

Preparation: diced Bramley has unique oxidisation characteristics and requires specialist techniques listed below:

The Bramley apples are cut to the required size. The pieces are generally irregular in size, varying between a 15 mm diced ‘cube’ to 70 mm long ‘strips’, the cross-section of should not be less than 15 mm across. The irregularity of the pieces is part of the character of Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling and is a result of the size and shape of the apples themselves, the cutting method and the preference of the customer or consumer.

These Bramley apple pieces may then be immersed in an antioxidant dip, to prevent browning of the apples’ flesh. The use of lemon juice, citric acid or ascorbic acid as an antioxidant dip is optional and a specific phase of the processing. It is neither an ingredient nor an additive and therefore has no impact on the composition of the final product.

The apple is then transferred straight to the apple pie filling area or to chill storage, after which it is processed into Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling, either hot or in a cold mix.

A mixture of water and sugar is added to the apple pieces until it is all evenly dispersed, at this point, if desired, cornflour and/or Bramley apple purée and/or lemon juice may be added. The apple purée must be processed from 100 % Bramley apples and be free from any preserving agent.

3.7.   Specific character of the agricultural product or foodstuff (Article 3(3) of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling is a homogeneous blend of fresh Bramley apple pieces, sugar and water, with the option of Bramley apple purée, cornflour and lemon juice.

The unique flavour characteristics of the Bramley apple and the noted absence of any additives are responsible for the Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling’s particular tangy taste. The flavour of the apples are characterised by the balance between sugar and malic acid. Most other varieties of apples have lower levels of acid and higher sugar content, giving them the sweet flavour that makes them good to eat — but this flavour is lost when the apple is cooked. Bramley apples, however, contain a higher malic acid content and lower sugar levels, producing a stronger, tangier flavour that is retained when cooked.

The firm texture of Bramley apples is a vital quality which contributes to producing a ‘melt in the mouth’ moist texture when cooked. Dessert apples can produce a chewy, dissatisfying texture because they contain up to 20 % more dry matter than Bramley apples.

The United Kingdom’s Good Housekeeping Institute has conducted research that confirms Bramley apples’ superiority over dessert apple varieties when cooked in popular recipes. The Bramley was tested against Granny Smith, Braeburn and Golden Delicious apples. All the apples where treated identically using recipes taken from the Good Housekeeping recipe book, including traditional apple pie, and were tested for flavour, texture and overall quality when cooked. The research showed that Bramley performs better than all the dessert apple varieties in traditional British apple pies.

The table below shows the average scores (out of 9) recorded by the Good Housekeeping Institute consumer taste4 panel, comprised of 12 adults, male and female, of all age groups, including members of the cookery team:

 

Golden Delicious

Braeburn

Bramley

Granny Smith

Appearance

5,2

5,8

6,9

6,2

Flavour

6,0

5,2

7,0

5,0

Texture

5,5

4,9

6,5

5,5

Overall Quality

5,2

5,4

6,7

5,0

A list of the unique characteristics of the Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling:

Made using only the ‘traditional’ ingredients of Bramley apple, water and sugar with Bramley apple purée — made from 100 % Bramley apples, cornflour and lemon juice if desired. No additives used

Unique taste a result of the Bramley’s high malic acid to sugar ratio

Apples from 65 mm-115 mm in size

3.8.   Traditional character of the agricultural product or foodstuff (Article 3(4) of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

Bramley’s Seedling was discovered in around 1809 by Miss Mary Anne Brailsford (a seedling grown by nature in response to a unique temperate island climate). It was planted in a garden in Southwell, Nottinghamshire.

The fruits of the grafted Bramley apple were first exhibited before the Royal Horticultural Society’s Fruit Committee on 6 December 1876. They were highly commended.

During the Victorian Age, there was a quest to develop single purpose culinary apple varieties for the ultimate apple pie recipe. At the 1883 National Apple Congress the Bramley was acclaimed as the best suited variety for apple pies. It has therefore become a popular tradition.

In October 1887, Bramley Seedlings received a First Class Certificate by the Committee of the Royal Jubilee Exhibition of Apples held in Manchester.

Bramley’s seedling is a unique single purpose culinary apple (it is not usually eaten raw as most people would find it too acidic). It produces both a distinctive flavour and individual texture and it is these qualities which have created and perpetuated the tradition of the apple pie.

The British did not favour the American notion of an apple to spike with a fork, nor the French style with its decorative topping of apple slices, both of which require that an apple keeps its shape when cooked and are therefore less acidic than a proper ‘cooker’. Whether the preferences or the apples came first is an open question but ‘Bramley’s Seedlings’, with the highest acidity levels of any ‘cooker’ passed the English tests with honours. Plentiful acidity and the resulting characteristic sharp fruity taste also ensured its continuing use.

The early tradition of covering pieces of sliced Bramley in lemon juice (or some other acidic juice) to prevent them turning brown has remained unchanged and is the same as the Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling recipe used commercially today.

A number of the United Kingdom’s leading chefs have provided testimonials directly to UK Apples & Pears, to the effect that the recipe for Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling has remained unchanged since it was popularised following the National Apple Congress of 1883:

‘I have worked in the food world for fifty years and to the best of my knowledge the traditional English apple pie filling is nothing but Bramley apples and sugar, possibly with a squeeze of lemon and some cornflour thickening.’ — Prue Leith, OBE

‘The Bramley apple celebrated its bicentenary in 2009 and has been used for apple pie fillings since it began to be cultivated commercially in the mid 19th century. In all of that time, the recipe for Bramley apple pie filling has remained unchanged, being just Bramley apples, sugar, starch such as cornflour, a preservative such as lemon juice and water.’ — Phil Vickery

‘To the best of my knowledge the recipe for traditional Bramley Apple Pie filling has not changed; Bramley apples, sugar, cornflour and a preservative such as lemon juice and water. The Bramley is rightly recognised as being the best apple for cooking. Indigenous to Britain, the apple’s unique qualities such as higher acid and lower sugar levels produce a strong apple flavour even when cooked and a superb texture once cooked.’ — Antony Worrall Thompson, MOBG

Some apple pie fillings including other Bramley apple pie fillings may contain a mix of apple varieties and these do not adhere to our definition of ‘Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling’, which is made using Bramley apples exclusively. Similarly, the use of artificial preservatives would not adhere to our definition of ‘Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling’.

3.9.   Minimum requirements and procedures to check the specific character (Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

These are set out below and refer specifically to the commercial manufacture of Traditional Bramley Apple Pie Filling:

Raw Product Description

Bramley’s Seedling Apple. No other apple varieties are permissible.

Fruit Quality

Upon delivery to the processor, the fruit must be sound, clean, whole and ripe. Apple must be free from severe skin blemish and free from cuts and bruises > 0,5 mm in depth.

Colour should be green and typical of the Bramley variety, ranging from very dark green to a lighter shade of green colour covering the whole skin of the apple; not yellow/green, yellow.

Faults

Specific faults that must be minimised are: severe bruising (> 0,5 mm in depth); king fruit; core rot; bitter pit; badly misshapen fruit; low temperature breakdown; excessive skin damage; corky core; rotten apples. Mussel scale shall not be present on the bulk of the peel.

Fruit Size

A range of fruit size is acceptable, between 65 mm-115 mm.

Texture

Texture should be of a good, firm, crispy texture.

Processing

Due to the soft nature of the fruit, processing conditions must be such to minimise mechanical impact during preparation and processing.

The Bramley shape is irregular and specialist sizing, peeling coring and handling equipment is required to meet the specification.

Once peeled and cored, apples must be inspected and hand trimmed.

Apple may be dipped in an antioxidant dip, which is then shaken off, then drained to remove any excess.

Apple to be stored in chilled conditions < 5 °C prior to use.

Manufacturing

Other than the above ingredients, Traditional Bramley Apple Filling should contain only water and sugar, with the option of Bramley apple purée and cornflour. Variations on the recipe are permissible, but not the ingredients.

The blending and pumping process must be such that it produces a homogenous blend with good fruit definition.

Pie filling to be tested, every batch, for pH, total soluble solids, viscosity, colour, flavour to verify specification parameters are met. Levels may vary between manufacturers, depending on the end customer’s specification. Products must be labelled to ensure full traceability and maintained in chilled storage/distribution.

4.   Authorities or bodies verifying compliance with the product specification

4.1.   Name and address

Name:

The National Britannia Group

Address:

Caerphilly Business Park

Caerphilly CF83 3GG

UNITED KINGDOM

Tel.

+44 2920852852

Fax

+44 2920867738

E-mail address:

client_support@natbrit.com

Name:

LawLabs Limited

Address:

Law Labs House

121 Shady Lane

Great Barr

Birmingham B44 9ET

UNITED KINGDOM

Tel.

+44 1212514000

Fax

+44 1212514040

E-mail address:

market.lawlabs@bodycote.com

These Inspection Bodies are both EN45011 accredited. Auditing to the requirements of the BRC Global Standards — Food (current Issue 4, January 2005)

http://www.brc.org.uk/standards/default.asp

☒ Public

☐ Private

4.2.   Specific tasks of the authority or body

The Inspection Body is responsible for the verification of the entirety of the specification.


(1)  OJ L 343, 14.12.2012, p. 1.

(2)  OJ L 93, 31.3.2006, p. 1. Replaced by Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012.

(3)  OJ L 275, 19.10.2007, p. 3.


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