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Document 52014XG0121(01)

Fifteenth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment

OJ C 18, 21.1.2014, p. 1–514 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

21.1.2014   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 18/1


FIFTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 8(2) OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES GOVERNING CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT

2014/C 18/01

INTRODUCTION

The present report covers activities undertaken by the EU and its Member States in the framework of the implementation of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP (1) throughout 2012 and 2013. As far as data on conventional arms exports are concerned, the report covers the 2012 calendar year.

During 2012 and 2013, the EU and its Member States continued to implement Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment, which replaced in 2008 the EU Code of Conduct on arms exports in force since June 1998.

Article 15 of the Common Position establishes that the Common Position shall be reviewed three years after its adoption. On this basis, the Council, assisted by the Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM), has carried out a thorough assessment of the provisions and implementation of the Common Position. The preliminary results of such assessment, as noted in the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions of 19 November 2012, have confirmed the soundness of the text of the Common Position to further promote the convergence of Member States’ export policies. A number of areas for further improvement relating to the concrete implementation of the Common Position have been identified by the review and are currently being worked out.

The following third countries have officially aligned themselves with the criteria and principles of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Norway. A specific information exchange system between the EU and third countries aligned with the Common Position is in place since 2012.

The promotion of effective national arms export control regimes in selected third countries was carried out in 2012 and 2013 in the framework of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP (2) and Council Decision 2012/711/CFSP (3) on support for EU activities in order to promote the control of arms exports and the principles and criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP among third countries.

The EU and its Member States continued to play a leading role in the Arms Trade Treaty process, thoroughly preparing for, and actively participating in the UN Conferences on the Arms Trade Treaty in July 2012 and March 2013. Outreach to third countries in support of the Arms Trade Treaty was carried out in the context of Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP (4) and Council Decision 2013/43/CFSP (5) on EU activities in support of the Arms Trade Treaty.

In line with its early committed support to the ATT, the EU intends now to promote its early entry into force. All EU Member States have already signed the Arms Trade Treaty and ratification is now underway depending on the relevant national procedural requirements.

I.   IMPLEMENTATION OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP

1.   Implementation of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP in national legislation or administrative rules

The Common Position is an evolution of the EU Code of Conduct on arms exports, which it replaced in December 2008. It includes, inter alia, an extension of controls on brokering, transit transactions and intangible transfers of technology, as well as strengthened procedures to promote convergence of Member States’ export policies.

Member States implement the provisions of the Common Position in their national export control systems and have to ensure that their national legislation or administrative rules conform to the Common Position. The situation regarding national implementation of the Common Position into Member States’ arms export control regimes is reported in the annexed Table C.

2.   User’s Guide

The User’s Guide is an essential instrument summarising agreed guidance for the implementation of the operative provisions of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP and the interpretation of its criteria. It is referred to in Article 13 of the Common Position.

It has been developed by the Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) and is updated as appropriate. It is intended for use primarily by export licensing officials, thus substantially contributing, in a pragmatic way, to the convergence of Member States’ arms export control policies and procedures. The Guide is a public document available on the website of the European External Action Service (6).

The User’s Guide contains sections, inter alia, on the following issues:

(a)   Denial notifications and consultations

Denial notifications and bilateral consultations continue to take place via the EU’s electronic coreu system on a daily basis. Information is circulated in a timely manner, ensuring transparency on the arms export policies of Member States vis-à-vis specific countries of final destination and end-users.

The denials notified, as well as the results of bilateral consultations, are included in a central electronic EU database of denials. The database is managed by the European External Action Service, and represents a dynamic system reflecting Member States’ arms export control policies. The number of denials notified in 2012 are indicated in row (d) of the tables in Table AI (annexed to this report) per destination and per military list category; the number of consultations issued and received by each Member State, and the number of consultations per destination can be found in Tables BI and BII respectively.

(b)   Best practice for interpretation of criteria

The best practices for interpretation of the criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP have been developed by the COARM working party, building on national best practices and taking into account input from other relevant stakeholders.

Their purpose is to achieve greater consistency among Member States in the application of the criteria of the Common Position. This is achieved, inter alia, through the identification of factors that need to be considered when assessing export licence applications. The best practices are for the use by export licensing officials and other officials in relevant government departments and agencies. The decision-making process is informed by the expertise of these officials on matters covering regional, legal (e.g. human rights law, public international law), technical, development, as well as security and military related issues.

3.   Review of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP

Article 15 of the Common Position establishes that the Common Position shall be reviewed three years after its adoption. On this basis, the EU Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) conducted in 2012 a thorough assessment of the provisions of the Common Position. Involvement of relevant stakeholders, such as the European Parliament and civil society, has been ensured through usual meetings. On the basis of this review-related assessment, it emerged that the Common Position and the instruments it provides for continue to properly serve the objectives set by the Council in 2008 and to provide a solid basis for the coordination of Member States’ arms export policies.

At the same time, it also emerged that further progress is achievable in the implementation of the Common Position in order to best support the convergence of Member States’ arms export policies. To this end, work is underway in COARM to improve the implementation of the Common Position. Areas such as the information content and a new IT support system of the denials notification and consultation mechanism are slated for significant overhaul. Targeted updates of relevant sections of the User’s Guide are also being prepared.

4.   Outreach

Article 11 of the Common Position calls on Member States to ‘use their best endeavours to encourage other States, which export military technology or equipment to apply the criteria of the Common Position.’ Coordinated outreach activities by Member States and the EU continued throughout 2012 and 2013 to date (see Table D, annexed hereto).

Decision 2009/1012/CFSP, that expired at the end of March 2012, allocated funds for five regional outreach seminars and four staff exchanges with third countries closely associated to the EU. The German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) was in charge of its technical implementation. Before it expired, Decision 2009/1012/CFSP enabled the organisation in January 2012 of a study visit hosted by the Czech Republic for officials from Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro.

COARM subsequently carried out a far-reaching assessment of its arms export control outreach activities funded under Decision 2009/1012/CFSP with a view to identifying strengths and weaknesses and to take them into account in the shaping of its future arms export control outreach activities. All relevant stakeholders had the opportunity to contribute to this assessment that resulted in a new Council Decision 2012/711/CFSP of 19 November 2012 that funds another cycle of outreach activities towards countries in the close EU neighbourhood. Decision 2012/711/CFSP allocates EUR 1,86 million to this purpose and further develops and extends the range and number of activities such as individual assistance workshops that are adjusted to the specific needs of the beneficiary countries.

5.   Political dialogue meetings

Political dialogue meetings on arms export control issues were held on a biannual basis in 2012 and 2013 with Norway, Canada, Ukraine, the United States, the Russian Federation and, in 2012, for the first time with Serbia.

These political dialogues provided a forum for fruitful discussions on matters of mutual interest such as export policies to specific destinations, compliance and control issues and the Arms Trade Treaty process.

6.   Update of the Common Military List of the European Union

The Common Military List of the European Union has the status of a commitment in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. It is copied as the scope of defence-related products annexed to Directive 2009/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 simplifying terms and conditions of transfers of defence-related products within the Community (7).

On 11 March 2013, the Council adopted an updated version of the list which takes into account changes in the Wassenaar Arrangement’s Munitions List agreed at the 2012 Plenary meeting of the Wassenaar Arrangement. The updated version of the Common Military List of the European Union was subsequently published in the Official Journal of the European Union C 90 of 27 March 2013, p. 1.

7.   Arms brokering

The Council agreed that the information sharing requirements set out in Common Position 2003/468/CFSP of 23 June 2003 on the control of arms brokering (8) should be implemented via the mechanism laid down in Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. In accordance with Article 5 of Common Position 2003/468/CFSP, Member States have put in place separate arrangements for the exchange of information on brokering licences granted and denied. Furthermore, in accordance with Articles 4 and 5 of Common Position 2003/468/CFSP, those Member States who have required brokers to obtain a written authorisation to act as brokers and/or have established a register of arms brokers, have put in place separate arrangements for the exchange of relevant information on registered brokers. Information on brokering licences granted and denied by EU Member States can be found in the annexed Table AIII.

Detailed information on national implementation of the Common Position on brokering — or for those Member States which have not yet fully implemented the Common Position, information on the state of play of its implementation — is provided in the annexed Table C.

8.   Dialogue with the European Parliament and NGOs

Dialogue with the European Parliament on arms export control issues usually takes place annually with the hearing of the COARM chair since the establishment of the European External Action Service. In 2012, a hearing took place on 5 December 2012. The EEAS also had regular contacts with MEPs on the Arms Trade Treaty and answered a significant number of parliamentary questions on arms exports issues.

In accordance with past practice, COARM meetings with non-governmental organisations were organized in the period 2012-2013 on a six-monthly basis.

II.   ARMS TRADE TREATY (ATT)

1.   Engagement in the sessions of the Preparatory Committee

Achieving a legally binding and robust Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) has been among the top foreign policy priorities for the European Union over the past years.

Throughout the period 2012-2013, the European Union and its Member States closely supported and participated in the UN-led Arms Trade Treaty process. In the run-up to the last session of the ATT Preparatory Committee in February 2012 and to the two diplomatic conferences in July 2012 and March 2013, a dedicated sub-group of interested members of the COARM and CODUN working groups on the ATT has met regularly to share views and coordinate positions, thereby allowing the EU to continue to be a very active and visible player in the ATT process.

On the basis of EU coordinated positions, the EU and its Member States also held extensive consultations with third countries, and in particular major arms-manufacturing countries, and with the Chairmen of the UN Conferences, Ambassador Roberto Garcia Moritàn first and Ambassador Peter Woolcott afterwards.

The EU and its Member States regretted that no agreement on a final text of the Treaty could be reached at the July 2012 Conference and consequently actively engaged in the continuation and successful conclusion of the negotiating process with the final UN Conference in March 2013 and the overwhelmingly positive vote on UN General Assembly Resolution 67/234 B on 2 April 2013. The Treaty was opened for signature by all States on 3 June 2013 and, by July 2013, all the 28 EU Member States had signed the Treaty. National ratifications are now underway, depending on the relevant national procedural requirements.

The EU itself cannot be a party to the ATT since the ATT is not open for signature or accession by regional integration organisations but only by States. With respect to those matters falling under the exclusive competence of the EU, Member States have been consequently authorised to sign the Treaty in the interests of the European Union by Council Decision 2013/269/CFSP (9). The Council Decision authorising the ratification is awaiting consent of the European Parliament before it can be formally adopted by the Council.

In line with its early committed support to the ATT, the focus of the EU is now on promoting its early entry into force and full implementation and a dedicated instrument on EU activities in support of the implementation of the ATT in third countries is being developed in this regard.

2.   Outreach in the context of Decision 2010/336/CFSP of 14 June 2010 and Decision 2013/43/CFSP of 22 January 2013 on EU activities in support of the Arms Trade Treaty

Since 2009, the EU has been particularly active in promoting the ATT process vis-à-vis third countries notably with a view to increasing participation in the UN process and improving understanding by all UN Member States of the different elements of a future treaty.

In 2012 and 2013 to date, EU activities supporting the ATT have been funded by Decisions 2010/336/CFSP and 2013/43/CFSP. Outreach seminars in the framework of the 2010 Council Decision were held in Nairobi, Kenya, for Eastern and Southern African countries (February 2012), in Beirut, Lebanon for Middle East countries (March 2012) and in Belgrade, Serbia, for European and Caucasus countries (April 2012). A side event also took place in the margins of the July 2012 ATT Conference.

Activities funded under Decision 2013/43/CFSP have revolved around two seminars that took place in February/March 2013, ahead of the March 2013 ATT Conference, and in June 2013. The first seminar gathered relevant stakeholders in the run-up to the final UN Conference on the ATT and facilitated the exchange of views before the formal UN Conference. The second seminar focussed on challenges raised by the implementation of the ATT and paid specific attention to lessons learnt from existing export control assistance programmes and to the needs of beneficiary countries.

III.   PRIORITY GUIDELINES FOR COARM FOR THE NEAR FUTURE

With the adoption of the legally-binding Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, the fundamental elements of a common approach to the control of conventional arms exports by Member States have been identified. In spite of the progress represented by the adoption of the Common Position, there is still work to be done, notably at the implementing level of the Common Position as identified by its review. Building upon the conclusions of the Council of 19 November 2012, improvements relevant to the implementation of the Common Position are now being worked out at COARM level with a view to their achievement notably as amendments of the User’s Guide.

The following are priority guidelines for the near future:

1.

to continue to exchange among EU Member States relevant information on arms export policies towards specific destinations;

2.

to finalise the improvements relevant to the implementation of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP that have been identified by its review and in line with the provisions of the Arms Trade Treaty;

3.

to update as appropriate the User’s Guide and EU Common Military List, notably to reflect the improvements achieved as a result of the review;

4.

to ensure that those Member States, which have not yet done so, adopt the appropriate national regulations or administrative rules to fully implement:

Common Position 2003/468/CFSP on the control of arms brokering,

Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment;

5.

to support the early entry into force and full implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty notably through a dedicated EU implementation support programme for third countries;

6.

to ensure worthwhile COARM outreach activities in the framework of Council decision 2012/711/CFSP;

7.

to further develop information and best practices exchanges with third countries aligned with Common Position 2008/944/CFSP;

8.

to continue the dialogue with the European Parliament and to further develop relations with civil society and industry;

9.

to ensure the early finalisation and publication of the 16th EU annual report on arms exports.


(1)  OJ L 335, 13.12.2008, p. 99.

(2)  OJ L 348, 29.12.2009, p. 16.

(3)  OJ L 321, 20.11.2012, p. 62.

(4)  OJ L 152, 18.6.2010, p. 14.

(5)  OJ L 20, 23.1.2013, p. 53.

(6)  http://www.eeas.europa.eu/non-proliferation-and-disarmament/arms-export-control/index_en.htm

(7)  OJ L 146, 10.6.2009, p. 1.

(8)  OJ L 156, 25.6.2003, p. 79.

(9)  OJ L 155, 7.6.2013, p. 9.


ANNEX

The attached tables contain the following information:

A.I

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND LICENCE REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLD WIDE

A.II

TABLE SHOWING EXPORTS TO UNITED NATIONS-MANDATED OR OTHER INTERNATIONAL MISSIONS IN 2012

A.III

TABLE PROVIDING INFORMATION ON BROKERING LICENCES GRANTED AND DENIED PER MEMBER STATE

B.I

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS INITIATED AND TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS RECEIVED BY EACH MEMBER STATE IN 2012

B.II

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS FOR EACH DESTINATION CONCERNED IN 2012

C.

INFORMATION ON NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMON POSITION 2003/468/CFSP ON THE CONTROL OF ARMS BROKERING AND COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT

D.

TABLE OF EU OUTREACH ACTIVITIES (JANUARY 2012 TO OCTOBER 2013)

E.

TABLE SHOWING INTERNET ADDRESSES FOR NATIONAL REPORTS ON ARMS EXPORTS

Brief descriptions of EU Common Military List  (1) categories

ML1

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of less than 20 mm, other arms and automatic weapons with a calibre of 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches) or less and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML2

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of 20 mm or more, other weapons or armament with a calibre greater than 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches), projectors and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML3

Ammunition and fuse setting devices, and specially designed components therefor

ML4

Bombs, torpedoes, rockets, missiles, other explosive devices and charges and related equipment and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML5

Fire control, and related alerting and warning equipment, and related systems, test and alignment and countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML6

Ground vehicles and components

ML7

Chemical or biological toxic agents, ‘riot control agents’, radioactive materials, related equipment, components and materials

ML8

‘Energetic materials’, and related substances

ML9

Vessels of war, (surface or underwater) special naval equipment, accessories, components and other surface vessels

ML10

‘Aircraft’, ‘lighter than air vehicles’, unmanned aerial vehicles, aero-engines and ‘aircraft’ equipment, related equipment and components, specially designed or modified for military use

ML11

Electronic equipment, not specified elsewhere on the EU Common Military List, and specially designed components therefor

ML12

High velocity kinetic energy weapon systems and related equipment, and specially designed components therefor

ML13

Armoured or protective equipment, constructions and components

ML14

Specialised equipment for military training or for simulating military scenarios, simulators specially designed for training in the use of any firearm or weapon specified by ML1 or ML2, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML15

Imaging or countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML16

Forgings, castings and other unfinished products the use of which in a specified product is identifiable by material composition, geometry or function, and which are specially designed for any products specified by ML1 to ML4, ML6, ML9, ML10, ML12 or ML19

ML17

Miscellaneous equipment, materials and ‘libraries’, and specially designed components therefor

ML18

Production equipment and components of products referred to in the EU Common Military List

ML19

Directed energy weapon systems (DEW), related or countermeasure equipment and test models, and specially designed components therefor

ML20

Cryogenic and ‘superconductive’ equipment, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML21

‘Software’ specially designed or modified for the ‘development’, ‘production’‘use’ of equipment or materials controlled by the EU Common Military List

ML22

‘Technology’ for the ‘development’, ‘production’ or ‘use’ of items controlled in the EU Common Military List

TABLE A.I

Figures of Table A.I are broken down per Member State, and where possible per EU Common Military List category where (a) = number of licences issued; (b) = value of licences issued in euros; (c) = value of arms exports in euros (if available) (2).

Total EU licence refusals to each destination, region and worldwide are provided, broken down by EU Common Military List category; (d) = number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML (3)); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets).

NB:

Statistics are compiled differently by each Member State: no uniform standard is used. Consequently, owing to current procedures in the area of arms export reporting or data protection legislation, not all countries have been able to submit the same information (4):

With regard to actual exports authorised by EU Member States (row c)), it is important to note that Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Greece, Ireland and the United Kingdom could not supply these data while France and Italy have reported total values only. No aggregation is therefore reported at the EU level, except for destinations where all the EU Member States that exported to the destination in question can report under row c).

With regard to the use of global and general licences notably applied to intraEU transfers pursuant to Directive 2009/43/EC, it is important to note that the actual value of arms transfers and exports under global and general licences is generally reported by EU Member States. This is however dependant on the Member States' ability to report on actual values (row c)) as described above and to possible additional national specificities as explained in footnote no 3.

It is important to bear in mind that exports to destinations subject to EU arms embargoes comply with the terms, conditions and possible exceptions set out in the decisions imposing such embargoes. The full list and details of embargoes is available at: http://eeas.europa.eu/cfsp/sanctions/docs/measures_en.pdf

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLDWIDE

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER (NON-EMBARGOED) DESTINATION

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION (WHEN DESTINATION IS SUBJECT TO AN EU ARMS EMBARGO)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER REGION:

Central America and the Caribbean

(Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago)

Central Asia

(Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)

European Union

(Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark; Denmark (Greenland), Denmark (Faeroes),Estonia, Finland, France, France (French Polynesia), France (Mayotte), France (New Caledonia), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Netherlands (Aruba),Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles), Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United Kingdom (Bermuda), United Kingdom (Cayman Islands), United Kingdom (Channel Islands),United Kingdom (Gibraltar), United Kingdom (St Helena), United Kingdom (Turcs and Caicos Islands)

Middle East

(Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestinian controlled territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)

North Africa

(Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)

North America

(Canada, United States)

North East Asia

(China (Mainland), China (Hong Kong), China (Macao), Korea (Democratic People’s Rep. of), Korea (Republic of), Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan)

Oceania

(Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Fed. States of), Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)

Other European Countries

(Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Holy See, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244/99); Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Russian Federation, Serbia, St Marino, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine)

South America

(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela)

South Asia

(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)

South East Asia

(Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, Vietnam)

Sub-Saharan Africa

(Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Republic of), Congo (Democratic Republic of), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS WORLDWIDE

EU ARMS EXPORTS PER DESTINATION IN 2012

Key: (a) = number of licences issued, (b) = value of licences issued in Euros, (c) = value of arms exports in Euros (if available) (d) = total EU number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets)

ALBANIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 6

ML 8

ML 10

ML 11

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

700

 

 

 

 

 

 

700

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

30 426

 

 

 

30 426

c

 

 

 

30 040

 

 

 

30 040

Finland

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

25 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

25 000

c

36 456

 

 

 

 

 

 

36 456

France

a

 

2

1

 

3

1

1

8

b

 

324 000

1 000 000

 

152 182 499

290 000

400 000

154 196 499

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18 561 543

TOTAL PER ML category

a

2

2

1

1

3

1

1

11

b

25 700

324 000

1 000 000

30 426

152 182 499

290 000

400 000

154 252 625

c

36 456

 

 

30 040

 

 

 

18 628 039

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ALGERIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

Belgium

a

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

17 702

229 999

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

1

1

1

5

 

1

 

 

 

b

41 115

1 322 717

31 554 055

8 466 955

 

2 022 280

 

 

 

c

41 115

1 322 717

25 463 345

15 127 043

466 064

2 060 195

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

1

5

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

3 273 631

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

9 719 968

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

5

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

454 079

 

412 600

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

 

 

1

3

6

 

1

1

b

 

 

 

423 784

259 800

271 785 674

 

11 275

136 336

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

3 456 000

248 695

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

34 000 000

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

102 596

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

1

 

8

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

2 475

 

5 427 041

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

2 568 318

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

519 334

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

57 372 666

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

3

 

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

b

866 316

 

 

808

62 150

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

4

1

1

11

9

23

6

1

1

b

907 431

1 322 717

31 554 055

8 911 724

58 378 694

322 532 944

661 295

11 275

136 336

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ALGERIA

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

247 701

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

515 867

 

 

 

 

 

 

43 922 989

c

 

 

 

35 572

 

 

22 162

 

 

 

44 538 213

Czech Republic

a

5

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

14

b

3 278 663

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 219

 

 

6 566 513

c

8 309 358

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 151

 

 

18 043 477

France

a

3

5

5

 

23

 

 

 

 

15

57

b

218 307

1 534 453

199 675

 

18 456 382

 

 

 

 

1 674 633

22 950 128

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25 829 363

Germany

a

2

2

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

2

20

b

350 635

51 196

 

 

 

4 084

 

 

 

13 697 956

286 720 740

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Italy

a

1

1

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

262 857 947

b

242 583 216

12 594 987

795 000

 

3 180 048

 

 

 

 

 

155 558 497

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

90 040

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

90 040

c

 

63 050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

63 050

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 000

34 075 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

102 596

Poland

a

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

b

14 086 157

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19 515 673

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 568 318

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

519 334

Spain

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

57 372 666

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

19 214 871

 

 

 

19 214 871

United Kingdom

a

 

4

1

 

3

 

 

 

 

1

15

b

 

89 232

14 033

 

786 819

 

 

 

 

31

1 819 389

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

25

14

7

2

27

2

 

1

1

19

155

b

260 516 978

14 359 908

1 008 708

515 867

22 423 249

4 084

 

14 219

 

15 447 620

738 707 102

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2(1); 7(1)

 

 

2(1); 7(1)


ANDORRA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 6

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

1

3

 

4

b

1 400

18 595

 

19 995

c

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

27

5

1

33

b

102 738

85 529

25 000

213 267

c

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

1

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

8

4

 

12

b

22 590

12 355

 

34 945

c

18 219

 

 

18 219

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

c

 

15 210

 

15 210

TOTAL PER ML category

a

37

12

1

50

b

126 728

116 479

25 000

268 207

d

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 


ANGOLA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 4

ML 6

ML 7

ML 10

ML 11

ML 15

Estonia

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

10 800

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

10 800

 

 

France

a

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

391 621

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

1

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

b

5 553

 

 

1 385 000

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

38

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

97 125

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

30 612

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

714 738

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

714 738

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

 

1

2

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

27 908

51 591

31 075

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

39

1

3

3

1

6

1

1

b

5 553

 

391 621

2 099 738

27 908

159 516

31 075

2 000

d

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

1(1)

 

 

 


ANGOLA

 

 

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Estonia

a

 

1

b

 

10 800

c

 

10 800

France

a

 

3

b

 

391 621

c

 

84 048

Germany

a

 

3

b

 

1 390 553

c

 

 

Greece

a

 

1

b

 

2 000

c

 

 

Portugal

a

 

41

b

 

97 125

c

 

30 612

Slovakia

a

 

1

b

 

714 738

c

 

714 738

Spain

a

 

1

b

 

 

c

 

 

United Kingdom

a

1

5

b

249

110 823

c

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

56

b

249

2 717 660

d

 

1

e

 

1(1)


ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

 

 

ML 3

TOTAL per destination

United Kingdom

a

1

1

b

13 504

13 504

c

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

b

13 504

13 504

d

 

 

e

 

 


ARGENTINA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

Austria

a

7

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

1 152 300

 

5 994

 

 

64 290

 

 

 

c

583 717

 

5 994

 

 

64 290

 

 

 

Belgium

a

3

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

541 923

 

120 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

697 200

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

253 530

584 705

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

6 092

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

19

b

 

 

 

2 500

 

 

 

 

1 869 546

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

8

 

 

1

2

1

7

7

4

b

56 902

 

 

214 800

3 245

35 960

1 016

635 645

16 308

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

70 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

1

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

b

0

34 171

 

 

27 719

 

 

 

103 155

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

86 666

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

187 735

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

53 181

Spain

a

18

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

b

27 971

 

2 250

1 932 960

 

 

 

 

 

c

22 171

 

2 250

1 932 960

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

66 842

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

18

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

284 707

 

97 240

 

 

 

 

 

7 207

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

56

1

7

6

6

2

7

7

27

b

2 133 803

34 171

292 326

2 847 460

117 630

100 250

1 016

635 645

1 996 216

d

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

2

5

e

 

 

 

 

1(1)

 

 

1(1); 5(1)

1 (5)


ARGENTINA

 

 

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

1 222 584

c

 

 

 

 

 

654 001

Belgium

a

 

 

 

1

 

5

b

 

 

 

291 536

 

953 459

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

697 200

c

 

 

 

 

 

838 235

Czech Republic

a

 

 

1

 

 

1

b

 

 

103 642

 

 

103 642

c

 

 

96 317

 

 

96 317

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

6 092

France

a

2

 

 

3

6

31

b

975 621

 

 

293 520

756 129

3 897 316

c

 

 

 

 

 

5 124 866

Germany

a

1

 

 

 

1

32

b

85 160

 

 

 

360 000

1 409 036

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

70 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

165 045

c

 

 

 

 

 

129 650

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

86 666

c

 

 

 

 

 

187 735

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

53 181

Spain

a

 

 

 

1

 

22

b

 

 

 

591 128

 

2 554 309

c

 

 

 

544 263

 

2 501 644

Sweden

a

 

1

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

66 842

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

 

 

23

b

 

 

 

 

 

389 154

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

3

1

1

5

7

136

b

1 060 781

 

103 642

1 176 184

1 116 129

11 615 253

d

 

 

 

 

1

9

e

 

 

 

 

1(1); 5(1)

1(8); 5(2)


ARMENIA

 

 

TOTAL per destination

TOTAL PER ML category

a

 

b

 

c

 

d

 

e

 

Total number of denials include 3 denials under category ML 1 based on criteria 1, 4 and 7


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

Austria

a

33

3

 

1

2

8

 

 

b

1 708 979

33 750

 

983 664

185 112

69 672 829

 

 

c

623 962

10 816

 

983 664

185 112

51 272 829

 

 

Belgium

a

13

3

 

1

 

2

 

 

b

19 591 295

18 621

 

5 000

 

117 000

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

110 000

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

105 000

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

15 511

 

 

c

 

 

 

44 300

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

1

 

 

5

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

962 307

14 023

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

2

 

2

 

 

 

7

 

b

28 655

 

1 074 000

 

 

 

18 258

 

c

4 828

 

1 419 897

 

 

 

2 477

 

France

a

3

7

 

8

4

1

 

 

b

60 618

187 637

 

13 294 542

46 501 467

99 623

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

287

 

20

3

3

30

2

11

b

2 328 546

 

2 327 969

432 187

85 004

4 458 605

187

2 776

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

2

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

b

2 200

 

 

 

2 605 996

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

2

4

 

3

 

5

 

 

b

456

57 260

 

3 869 464

 

2 354 914

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

275

 

 

2 372 670

 

 

 

 

c

275

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

15 482

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

3 906

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

4 015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

298 460

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

171 236

 

 

Spain

a

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

10 000

 

 

330 000

 

 

 

 

c

9 675

 

 

330 000

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

4

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

45 351 867

 

49 258 596

 

 

 

c

 

286 578

658 910

117 865

38 123 026

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

69

3

4

9

3

12

19

1

b

2 997 578

36 992

5 407

680 052

72 780

7 569 828

148 955

219

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

419

20

30

32

21

63

28

12

b

26 732 508

334 260

48 759 243

22 929 886

98 722 978

84 712 252

167 400

2 995

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

a

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

51 146

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 375

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 833

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

2

 

1

1

 

 

b

 

 

1 095

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

1 082

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

68 753

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

17 800

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

23

57

8

2

 

23

 

2

b

44 323 035

689 476 916

5 109 635

3 468 286

 

55 918 546

 

4 139 236

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

43

17

36

 

4

3

12

3

b

2 648 945

579 241

3 223 515

 

996 010

155 089

1 466 103

19 655

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

1 784

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

13

3

 

 

2

1

 

 

b

1 266 676

429 750

 

 

1 133 000

2 538 614

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

4 400 000

534

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

999 369

534

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

4

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

201 545 162

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

503 425 707

 

1 039 043

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

1

1

2

 

 

 

b

 

 

558 216

 

771 011

 

 

 

c

 

 

221 568

 

771 011

5 906

 

 

United Kingdom

a

10

28

9

2

 

2

 

3

b

47 908

4 696 107

165 975

1 132

 

19 888

 

34 853 931

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

94

109

56

6

9

31

13

8

b

254 231 726

695 233 694

9 058 436

3 538 171

2 900 021

58 633 921

1 473 478

39 012 822

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

47

b

 

 

 

72 584 334

c

 

 

 

53 076 383

Belgium

a

 

 

 

21

b

 

 

 

19 783 062

c

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

117 375

c

 

 

 

111 833

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

16 606

c

 

 

 

45 382

Denmark

a

 

2

1

11

b

 

148 639

144 616

1 338 338

c

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

11

b

 

 

 

1 120 913

c

 

 

 

1 445 002

France

a

 

1

32

171

b

 

732 817

3 051 474

866 363 833

c

 

 

 

150 584 599

Germany

a

9

4

10

497

b

103 324

270 200

509 292

19 606 648

c

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

1 784

c

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

2 608 196

c

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

2

1

 

36

b

49 509 058

548 000

 

61 707 192

c

 

 

 

26 509 964

Netherlands

a

 

 

2

6

b

 

 

45 001

6 818 480

c

 

 

45 000

1 045 178

Poland

a

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

15 482

c

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

3 906

c

 

 

 

4 015

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

298 460

c

 

 

 

171 236

Spain

a

 

2

1

10

b

 

1 344 194

240 000

203 469 356

c

 

698 981

237 567

505 740 973

Sweden

a

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

558 222

96 497 912

c

222 785

 

61 582

40 469 231

United Kingdom

a

 

6

4

184

b

 

35 334

8 080

51 340 166

c

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

11

16

50

1 028

b

49 612 382

3 079 184

4 556 685

1 403 692 043

d

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

Belgium

a

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

441 106

 

 

 

 

 

 

264 377

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

65 411

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

70 511

750

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

2

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

16 861

 

 

 

9 637

 

c

945 260

 

26 671

 

1 443 290

44 662 378

107 025

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

990 000

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estonia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

180 594

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

181 466

 

10 043

 

 

 

600

 

France

a

 

 

1

1

1

3

1

 

b

 

 

62 465

61 152

900

3 592 634

18 929

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

4

6

30

8

4

168

 

 

b

2 575

37 390

996 913

32 418

9 738

14 376 368

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

5

 

5

8

 

1

 

 

b

469 912

 

2 328 590

3 260 080

 

16 595

 

 

c

5 538

 

436 632

298 362

 

101 511

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

3 205 054

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

11 600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

11 600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

6

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

17 600

 

 

 

 

3 576

 

 

c

1 750

 

 

 

 

3 576

 

 

Poland

a

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

36 502

900

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

72 318

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

60 077

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

8

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

99 662

 

 

 

3 030

 

 

c

 

111 403

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

6

 

4

 

 

13

 

 

b

1 122 571

 

388 537

 

 

15 916 536

 

 

c

35 370

 

273 483

 

 

3 103 181

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

3 710

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

13 736

459 977

4 671

 

 

 

11 272

United Kingdom

a

27

 

 

 

1

4

4

 

b

835 769

 

 

 

34 282

78 916

23 399

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

125

15

43

17

8

191

6

4

b

3 255 958

137 952

3 797 076

3 353 650

4 239 974

33 987 655

51 965

264 377

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

1

2

 

2

 

 

b

 

 

 

11 043

 

778 547

 

 

c

 

 

687 052

31 893

 

212 789

 

963 121

Denmark

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estonia

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

4 395

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

4 395

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

5

1

 

 

4

 

 

b

 

206 274

1 194 879

 

 

365 216

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

4

15

19

 

3

8

2

23

b

67 005

686 419

5 138 278

 

54 057

31 535

84 777

460 400

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

500 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

7

3

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

59 766 027

92 111

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

182 260

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

16 600

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

16 600

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

2 068 789

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

55 768

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

36 713

 

 

 

c

 

62 591

 

378 892

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

4

4

 

 

2

 

 

b

 

65 721

81 122

 

 

198 358

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

5

34

28

6

4

16

3

23

b

567 005

62 793 230

6 506 390

32 038

90 770

1 373 656

267 037

460 400

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

 

12

b

 

 

 

705 483

c

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

65 411

c

 

 

 

71 261

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

816 088

c

 

 

 

49 079 479

Denmark

a

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

990 000

c

 

 

 

 

Estonia

a

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

4 395

c

 

 

 

4 395

Finland

a

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

180 594

c

 

 

 

192 109

France

a

 

 

1

18

b

 

 

10 647

5 513 096

c

 

 

 

932 380

Germany

a

43

2

18

357

b

332 144

500 001

2 257 188

25 067 206

c

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

 

20

b

 

 

 

6 575 177

c

 

 

 

842 043

Italy

a

 

1

 

12

b

 

88 786

 

63 151 979

c

 

 

 

31 917 831

Malta

a

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

11 600

c

 

 

 

11 600

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

8

b

 

 

 

203 436

c

 

 

 

5 326

Poland

a

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

37 402

c

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

 

56

b

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

72 318

c

 

 

 

60 077

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

16 600

c

 

 

 

16 600

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

102 692

c

 

 

 

111 403

Spain

a

 

 

 

26

b

 

 

 

19 496 433

c

 

 

 

3 467 802

Sweden

a

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

40 423

c

 

 

 

931 139

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

46

b

 

 

 

1 317 567

c

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

43

3

19

593

b

332 144

588 787

2 267 835

124 367 900

d

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 


AZERBAIJAN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 11

Bulgaria

a

 

 

2

 

1

 

1

 

b

 

 

10 219 970

 

2 586 938

 

281 900

 

c

 

 

 

 

1 080 540

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

66 261

 

1 351 740

 

 

c

 

 

 

24 102

 

1 303 119

 

 

Estonia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 583 900

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

3

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

b

450 933

144 491

66 601

 

 

 

 

19 375

c

92 565

36 123

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

3

1

3

1

1

1

1

2

b

450 933

144 491

10 286 571

66 261

2 586 938

1 351 740

281 900

3 603 275

d

1

 

 

1

 

1

 

1

e

2(1); 3 (1)

 

 

1(1)

 

1(1); 5(1)

 

1(1); 4(1)


AZERBAIJAN

 

 

ML 14

ML 18

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

13 088 808

c

 

 

 

1 080 540

Czech Republic

a

 

1

 

3

b

 

724

 

1 418 725

c

 

724

 

1 327 945

Estonia

a

1

 

 

1

b

2 470

 

 

2 470

c

2 470

 

 

2 470

Finland

a

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

3 583 900

c

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

1

1

b

 

 

153 045

153 045

c

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

6

b

 

 

 

681 400

c

 

 

 

128 688

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

1

16

b

2 470

724

153 045

18 928 348

d

 

 

 

7

e

 

 

 

1(5); 2(1); 3(1); 4(2); 5(1)

Total number of denials include:

1 denial under category ML 5 based on criterion 1,

1 denial under category ML 10 based on criterion 1,

1 denial under category ML 16 based on criterion 4


BAHAMAS

 

 

ML 10

TOTAL per destination

United Kingdom

a

1

1

b

1 243 000

1 243 000

c

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

b

1 243 000

1 243 000

d

 

 

e

 

 


BAHRAIN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 9

Austria

a

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

41 594

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

41 594

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

a

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

10 018 005

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

5 057 551

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

229 405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 568

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

209 464

 

251 357

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

1

 

1

 

 

1

 

1

b

120 000

 

408

 

 

600

 

3 626 193

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

278 223

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latvia

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

155

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

155

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

229 494

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

228 603

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

1

2

5

 

 

 

 

b

 

346 222

19 766 625

21 145 345

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

21 145 345

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

6 528 199

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

4 153 755

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

8

 

1

1

1

 

1

 

b

5 249 198

 

4 226

7 334

17 085

 

30 603

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

20

6

7

6

5

1

3

1

b

10 468 343

624 445

29 789 419

21 152 679

6 984 242

600

291 528

3 626 193

d

5

5

 

2

2

6

2

 

e

2(4); 3(3); 4(1)

2(4); 3(2)

 

2(2); 3(2)

2(3); 3(2)

2(5); 3(7); 6(1)

2(2); 3(2)

 


BAHRAIN

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 15

ML 17

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

41 594

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

41 594

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 018 005

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 057 551

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

229 405

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 568

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

3

2

6

 

 

4

17

b

35 409

890 223

3 381 584

 

 

379 862

5 147 900

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

76 732 081

Germany

a

1

 

 

 

1

 

6

b

504 640

 

 

 

75 120

 

4 326 961

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

278 223

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

434 958

Latvia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

155

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

155

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

229 494

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

228 603

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

41 258 192

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

21 145 345

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 528 199

c

 

 

 

 

 

419 890

4 573 645

United Kingdom

a

10

3

 

1

1

1

28

b

136 439

271 078

 

1

2 743

1

5 718 708

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

14

5

6

1

2

5

82

b

676 488

1 161 301

3 381 584

1

77 863

379 863

78 614 550

d

 

 

1

 

 

 

27

e

 

 

2(1); 3(1)

 

 

 

2(21); 3(19); 4(1); 6(1)


BANGLADESH

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 8

ML 9

Austria

a

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

24 150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

14 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

1

 

3

 

 

b

 

 

 

380 889

 

351 180

 

 

c

 

 

 

380 889

 

293 980

 

 

Czech Republic

a

1

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

b

2 386

 

 

 

 

210 196

 

 

c

 

 

 

192 452

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

1

3

 

 

 

1

1

b

 

8 570

17 980

 

 

 

108

321 960

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

287 372

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

232 978

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

9 725

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

85 386

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

184 370

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

1

 

2

 

 

4

 

 

b

37 404

 

29 832

 

 

697 519

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

12

1

6

1

1

9

1

1

b

73 665

8 570

47 812

380 889

287 372

1 258 895

108

321 960

d

1

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

e

7(1)

 

2(1)

 

 

2(1); 3(1)

 

 


BANGLADESH

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 150

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 000

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

1 477

 

733 546

c

 

 

 

 

1 477

 

676 346

Czech Republic

a

9

1

 

 

 

 

13

b

295 546

 

 

 

 

 

508 128

c

1 108 834

 

 

 

 

 

1 301 286

Finland

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

122 670

 

 

 

 

122 670

c

 

122 670

 

 

 

 

122 670

France

a

 

4

 

2

 

1

7

b

 

547 550

 

1 077 625

 

5 825

1 631 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

420 900

Germany

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

7

b

12 720

 

 

 

 

 

361 338

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

835 040

 

 

 

 

835 040

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

Lithuania

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

176 142

 

 

 

 

 

176 142

c

176 142

44 753

 

 

 

 

220 895

Malta

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

594 798

 

 

 

 

 

594 798

c

594 798

 

 

 

 

 

594 798

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

287 372

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

232 978

Poland

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

24 172

 

 

 

 

 

24 172

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

2

2

 

 

 

 

4

b

342 101

638 433

 

 

 

 

980 534

c

333 884

272 801