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Document 52012SC0246

COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Accompanying the document 2012 REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ON MONITORING DEVELOPMENT OF THE RAIL MARKET April 2012

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52012SC0246

COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Accompanying the document 2012 REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ON MONITORING DEVELOPMENT OF THE RAIL MARKET April 2012 /* SWD/2012/0246 final */


COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT

Accompanying the document

2012 REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

ON MONITORING DEVELOPMENT OF THE RAIL MARKET April 2012

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AT || Austria || LV || Latvia

BE || Belgium || m || million

BG || Bulgaria || NO || Norway

CH || Switzerland || n.a. || not available

CS || Czechoslovakia || NL || Netherlands

CZ || Czech Republic || p || passengers

DE || Germany || p.a. || per annum

DK || Denmark || pkm || passenger-kilometres

EE || Estonia || PL || Poland

EL || Greece || PSO || Public Service Obligations

ES || Spain || PT || Portugal

EU || European Union || q || quarter

FI || Finland || RMMS || Rail Market Monitoring Scheme

FR || France || RO || Romania

GB || United Kingdom || RU || Railway undertaking

HU || Hungary || SE || Sweden

IE || Ireland || SI || Slovenia

IM || Infrastructure manager || SK || Slovakia

IT || Italy || t || tonnes

LT || Lithuania || tkm || tonne-kilometres

LU || Luxembourg || UK || United Kingdom

|| || ||

LIST OF ANNEXES

Annex 1:         EU legislation applicable to the railway sector

Annex 2:         EU current corporate structures of the rail infrastructure managers in the EU Member States

Annex 3:         Modal split for freight and passenger transport since 1995

Annex 4:         Evolution of rail transport by Member State, year and market segment (1990-2010)

Annex 5:         Market shares of railway undertakings (2010)

Annex 6:         Number of active railway licences

Annex 7:         Employment

Annex 8:         Rail infrastructure capacity, railway lines density and intensity of network use 2009

Annex 9:         Capacity of the high speed rail network (1985-2010)

Annex 10:       Investments in rail infrastructure

Annex 11:       Infrastructure charges

Annex 12:       Compensations of public service operations

Annex 13:       Multi-annual contracts

Annex 14:       Frequency and purpose of passengers journeys by rail

Annex 15:       Satisfaction with railway stations

Annex 16:       Satisfaction with rail services

Annex 17:       Safety

Annex 18:       RMMS questionnaire 2011

ANNEX 1

EU legislation applicable to the railway sector 

To date, the European Union has exercised its competence inter alia through the following Union instruments:

ECONOMIC / MARKET ACCESS LEGISLATION

-       Regulation No 11 concerning the abolition of discrimination in transport rates and conditions, in implementation of Article 79 (3) of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (OJ 52, 16.8.1960, p.1121);

-       Council Directive 91/440/EEC of 29 July 1991 on the development of the Community's railways (OJ L 237, 24.8.1991, p. 25);

-       Council Directive 95/18/EC of 19 June 1995 on the licensing of railway undertakings (OJ L 143, 27.6.1995, p. 70);

-       Directive 2001/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2001 amending Council Directive 91/440/EEC on the development of the Community's railways (OJ L 75, 15.3.2001, p. 1);

-       Directive 2001/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2001 amending Council Directive 95/18/EC on the licensing of railway undertakings (OJ L 75, 15.3.2001, p. 26);

-       Directive 2001/14/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2001 on the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the levying of charges for the use of railway infrastructure and safety certification (OJ L 75, 15.3.2001, p. 29);

-       Directive 2004/51/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 amending Council Directive 91/440/EEC on the development of the Community's  railways (OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 164, corrected version in OJ L 220, 21.6.2004, p. 58);

-       Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on rail passengers' rights and obligations (OJ L 315, 3.12.2007, p. 14);

-       Directive 2007/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 amending Council Directive 91/440/EEC on the development of the Community's railways and Directive 2001/14/EC on the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the levying of charges for the use of railway infrastructure (OJ L 315, 3.12.2007, p. 44);

INTEROPERABILITY AND SAFETY LEGISLATION

-       Council Directive 96/48/EC of 23 July 1996 on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail system (OJ L 235, 17.9.1996, p. 6);

-       Directive 2001/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2001 on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system (OJ L 110, 20.4.2001, p. 1);

-       Directive 2004/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on safety on the Community's railways and amending Council Directive 95/18/EC on the licensing of railway undertakings and Directive 2001/14/EC on the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the levying of charges for the use of railway infrastructure and safety certification (OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 44, corrected version in OJ L 220, 21.6.2004, p. 16);

-       Directive 2004/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 amending Council Directive 96/48/EC on the interoperability of the trans-European high‑speed rail system and Directive 2001/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system (OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 114, corrected version in OJ L 220, 21.6.2004, p. 40);

-       Regulation (EC) No 881/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 establishing a European Railway Agency (Agency Regulation) (OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 1, corrected version in OJ L 220, 21.6.2004, p. 3);

-       Directive 2007/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the certification of train drivers operating locomotives and trains on the railway system in the Community (OJ L 315, 3.12.2007, p. 51);

-       Directive 2008/57/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the interoperability of the rail system within the Community  (Recast) (OJ L 191, 18.7.2008, p. 1);

-       Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 September 2008 on the inland transport of dangerous goods (OJ L 260, 30.9.2008, p. 13);

-       Directive 2008/110/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 amending Directive 2004/49/EC on safety on the Community's  railways (Railway Safety Directive) (OJ L 345, 23.12.2008, p. 62);

-       Regulation (EC) No 1335/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 amending Regulation (EC) No 881/2004 establishing a European Railway Agency (Agency Regulation) (OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 51);

-       Regulation (EU) No 913/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010 concerning a European rail network for competitive freight (OJ L 276, 20.10.2010, p. 22);

PUBLIC SERVICE OBLIGATIONS

-       Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on public passenger transport services by rail and by road (OJ L 315, 3.12.2007, p. 1).

ANNEX 2

Current corporate structures of the rail infrastructure managers in the EU Member States:

Category || Member States

Fully legally, organisationally and institutionally independent infrastructure manager undertaking capacity allocation || Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Great Britain, Greece, Finland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Slovakia

Integrated infrastructure manager with guarantees of independence in relation to the railway undertaking || Belgium, Latvia

Integrated infrastructure manager working alongside an independent body in charge of capacity allocation || Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Slovenia

Independent infrastructure manager allocating capacity having delegated certain infrastructure management functions (e.g. traffic management, maintenance) to one of the train operating companies || France

Legally (but not institutionally) independent infrastructure manager undertaking capacity allocation owned by a holding company which also owns one of the operators || Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland

Infrastructure manager in charge of allocating capacity and railway undertaking still integrated || Ireland, Northern Ireland

ANNEX 3

Modal split for freight and passenger transport since 1995

3a. EU-27 modal split for freight transport (in %, based on tkm, 1995-2009)

|| Road || Rail || Inland Waterways || Pipelines || Sea || Air

1995 || 42,1 || 12,6 || 4,0 || 3,8 || 37,5 || 0,1

1996 || 42,1 || 12,7 || 3,9 || 3,9 || 37,5 || 0,1

1997 || 42,2 || 12,8 || 4,0 || 3,7 || 37,3 || 0,1

1998 || 42,9 || 11,9 || 4,0 || 3,8 || 37,4 || 0,1

1999 || 43,5 || 11,4 || 3,8 || 3,7 || 37,6 || 0,1

2000 || 43,4 || 11,5 || 3,8 || 3,6 || 37,5 || 0,1

2001 || 43,9 || 10,9 || 3,7 || 3,8 || 37,6 || 0,1

2002 || 44,5 || 10,6 || 3,7 || 3,6 || 37,6 || 0,1

2003 || 44,5 || 10,7 || 3,4 || 3,6 || 37,7 || 0,1

2004 || 45,2 || 10,8 || 3,5 || 3,4 || 37,0 || 0,1

2005 || 45,5 || 10,5 || 3,5 || 3,4 || 37,0 || 0,1

2006 || 45,4 || 10,8 || 3,4 || 3,3 || 37,0 || 0,1

2007 || 45,9 || 10,9 || 3,5 || 3,1 || 36,7 || 0,1

2008 || 46,0 || 10,8 || 3,5 || 3,0 || 36,6 || 0,1

2009 || 46,6 || 10,0 || 3,3 || 3,3 || 36,8 || 0,1

2010 || 45,8 || 10,2 || 3,8 || 3,1 || 36,9 || 0,1

3b. EU-27 modal split for passenger transport (in %, based on pkm, 1995-2009)

|| Passenger cars || P2W || Bus&Coach || Railway || Tram&Metro || Air || Sea

1995 || 73,1 || 2,3 || 9,4 || 6,6 || 1,3 || 6,5 || 0,8

1996 || 73,1 || 2,3 || 9,3 || 6,4 || 1,3 || 6,8 || 0,8

1997 || 73,1 || 2,3 || 9,1 || 6,3 || 1,3 || 7,1 || 0,8

1998 || 73,2 || 2,3 || 9,1 || 6,2 || 1,3 || 7,2 || 0,8

1999 || 73,2 || 2,3 || 8,9 || 6,2 || 1,3 || 7,3 || 0,7

2000 || 73,0 || 2,3 || 8,8 || 6,3 || 1,3 || 7,7 || 0,7

2001 || 73,3 || 2,3 || 8,7 || 6,2 || 1,3 || 7,5 || 0,7

2002 || 73,8 || 2,3 || 8,6 || 6,0 || 1,3 || 7,3 || 0,7

2003 || 73,7 || 2,3 || 8,5 || 5,9 || 1,3 || 7,6 || 0,7

2004 || 73,6 || 2,3 || 8,3 || 5,9 || 1,3 || 7,9 || 0,7

2005 || 73,0 || 2,4 || 8,3 || 6,0 || 1,3 || 8,4 || 0,6

2006 || 73,0 || 2,4 || 8,0 || 6,1 || 1,3 || 8,6 || 0,6

2007 || 72,8 || 2,3 || 8,1 || 6,1 || 1,3 || 8,8 || 0,6

2008 || 72,7 || 2,4 || 8,1 || 6,3 || 1,4 || 8,6 || 0,6

2009 || 73,5 || 2,4 || 7,8 || 6,2 || 1,4 || 8,0 || 0,6

2010 || 73,7 || 1,9 || 7,9 || 6,3 || 1,4 || 8,2 || 0,6

Notes for tables 3a and 3b:

P2w: Powered 2-wheelers

Road: national and international haulage by vehicles registered in the EU-27

Source: EU Transport in Figures, Statistical Pocketbook 2011, tables 2.2.2 and 2.3.2.

3c. Share of rail in inland freight transport market in EU-27 (in %, based on tkm)

|| 1995 || 2000 || 2001 || 2002 || 2003 || 2004 || 2005 || 2006 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009

EU-27 || 20,2 || 18,5 || 17,5 || 17,1 || 17,3 || 17,2 || 16,7 || 17,2 || 17,2 || 17,1 || 15,8

Source: EU Transport in Figures, Statistical Pocketbook 2011, table 2.2.3

ANNEX 4

Evolution of rail transport by Member State, year and market segment (1990-2010)

Note 1: International transport includes transit

Note 2: Unlike most other annexes which give priority to the Eurostat figures, this annex presents in the first place data submitted by the national authorities in the framework of the 2011 RMMS questionnaire. There is a certain discrepancy between the Eurostat data and data provided by the national Ministries responsible for transport.

RMMS data for UK do not cover Northern Ireland.

Note 3: for Spain, for the period 1990-2005, the data include also traffic of regional rail companies and the source used is not RMMS questionnaire.  

AT

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 33189 || 3005 || 3893 || 4494 || 5045 || 5933 || 5300 || 5800

International (m tkm) || 8823 || 10155 || 12709 || 14463 || 15591 || 11326 || 12400 || 14000

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || || 6895 || 7262 || 7403 || n.a. || n.a.

International (m pkm) || || || || 1749 || 1841 || 1877 || n.a. || n.a.

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 6305 || 6428 || n.a. || n.a.

BE

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 2631 || 2232 || 2030 || 2353 || 2330 || 2220 || 1675 || 1779

International (m tkm) || 5723 || 5055 || 5644 || 5777 || 5818 || 5662 || 3764 || 3950

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 5592 || 5785 || 6317 || 7771 || 8547 || 8913 || 9005 || 9231

International (m pkm) || 948 || 972 || 1415 || 1379 || 1386 || 1491 || 1488 || 1379

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 8442 || 8902 || 8992 || 9225

BG

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 14132 || 8595 || 5538 || 5168 || 3893 || 3336 || 2228 || 2218

International (m tkm) || || || 1034 || 1281 || 1348 || 1358 || 919 || 964

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 7793 || 4693 || 3472 || 2388 || 2238 || 2264 || 2089 || 2045

International (m pkm) || || || || 60 || 86 || n.a. || 55 || 55

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || 334 || 2040 || 1972 || 1807 || 1740

CZ

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || n.a. || 10330 || 7399 || 6222 || 7267 || 6510 || 5485 || 5714

International (m tkm) || n.a. || 12293 || 10097 || 8644 || 9037 || 8927 || 7307 || 8056

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || n.a. || 7602 || 6681 || 6285 || 6536 || 6324 || 6133 || 6263

International (m pkm) || n.a. || 403 || 619 || 381 || 364 || 479 || 371 || 328

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

DE

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || 40100 || 36500 || 44400 || 53784 || 55928 || 48667 || 54529

International (m tkm) || || 30400 || 41000 || 51000 || 60826 || 59724 || 47167 || 52787

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 44600 || 70977 || 75404 || 74946 || 75516 || 76909 || 76583 || 78515

International (m pkm) || || || || || 3587 || 3856 || 4349 || 4538

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 27400 || 36277 || 36226 || 33695 || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

DK

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || || || 420 || 146 || 134 || 123 || 167

International (m tkm) || || || || 1556 || 1633 || 1814 || 1576 || 2075

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || || 5421 || 5915 || 5983 || 5999 || 6200

International (m pkm) || || || || 330 || 438 || 488 || n.a. || n.a.

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 6176 || 6275 || 6174 || 6347

EE

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 6976 || 760 || 800 || 737 || 858 || 775 || 584 || 724

International (m tkm) || || 3091 || 7386 || 9892 || 7567 || 5186 || 5349 || 5917

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 1510 || 421 || 261 || 248 || 246 || 245 || 232 || 229

International (m pkm) || || || || || || || 17 || 18

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 1510 || 421 || 261 || 248 || 246 || 245 || 232 || 229

EL

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || 159 || 116 || 149 || 193 || 205 || 128 || n.a.

International (m tkm) || || 147 || 310 || 464 || 642 || 580 || 411 || n.a.

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || 1513 || 1608 || 1804 || 1852 || 1599 || 1296 || n.a.

International (m pkm) || || 55 || 21 || 50 || 77 || 59 || 47 || n.a.

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 0 || 0 || n.a. || n.a.

ES

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 9935 || 9037 || 10536 || 8918 || 8763 || 8225 || 5864 || 6370

International (m tkm) || 1271 || 1040 || 1085 || 2153 || 1784 || 1513 || 1109 || 1047

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || || || 19348 || 21461 || 21184 || 20421

14992 || 14834 || 18035 || 19155

International (m pkm) || 484 || 479 || 536 || 653 || 618 || 611 || 516 || 557

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 9538 || 8206 || 9596 || 8617 || 11500 || 11581 || 10912 || 10555

FI

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 5944 || 5936 || 6802 || 6607 || 7581 || 7588 || 6141 || 6915

International (m tkm) || 2413 || 3357 || 3305 || 3099 || 2852 || 3189 || 2731 || 2835

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 3254 || 3133 || 3345 || 3401 || 3675 || 3940 || 3785 || 3869

International (m pkm) || 77 || 51 || 60 || 76 || 103 || 112 || 91 || 90

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 1350 || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

FR

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 31520 || 26330 || 29900 || 21640 || 25200 || 26200 || 23200 || 22500

International (m tkm) || 15010 || 14410 || 18490 || 13890 || 17500 || 14500 || 9600 || 7600

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 73900 || 64500 || 80700 || 88900 || 72800 || 77000 || n.a. || n.a.

International (m pkm) || || || || || 7500 || 8000 || n.a. || n.a.

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 6100 || 6800 || 8500 || 10200 || 22500 || 24100 || 24300 || 24400

HU

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || 2554 || 1984 || 1645 || 1289 || 1374 || 1269 || 1330

International (m tkm) || || 5868 || 6111 || 7445 || 8848 || 8499 || 6404 || 7460

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 11403 || 8441 || 9693 || 9880 || 8379 || 7923 || 7681 || 7316

International (m pkm) || 486 || 334 || 387 || 403 || 372 || 381 || 391 || 376

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 11403 || 8441 || 9693 || 9880 || 8379 || 7923 || 7681 || 7316

IE

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 589 || 602 || 491 || 303 || 129 || 103 || 79 || 92

International (m tkm) || 56 || 43 || 22 || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || || 1564 || 1902 || 1876 || 1604 || 1582

International (m pkm) || || || || 127 || 105 || 100 || 79 || 96

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 2007 || 1976 || 1683 || 1678

IT

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 8142 || 9616 || 11787 || 11854 || n.a. || 12791 || 8726 || n.a.

International (m tkm) || 11258 || 12073 || 11027 || 8276 || n.a. || 9190 || 6497 || n.a.

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || 44308 || 43889 || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

International (m pkm) || || || 2825 || 2255 || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || 408 || 444 || n.a. || 22180 || 22168 || n.a.

LT

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || 829 || 1144 || 3425 || 2959 || 3655 || 3090 || 3376

International (m tkm) || || 6391 || 7774 || 9033 || 11414 || 11093 || 8798 || 10055

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 1521 || 746 || 335 || 259 || 223 || 235 || 213 || 226

International (m pkm) || 2119 || 384 || 276 || 169 || 186 || 162 || 144 || 147

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 223 || 235 || n.a. || n.a.

LU

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 112 || 83 || 111 || 75 || 74 || 69 || 43 || 50

International (m tkm) || 597 || 483 || 572 || 345 || 219 || 445 || 550 || 689

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || || 254 || 233 || 246 || 239 || 246

International (m pkm) || || || || 18 || 84 || 99 || n.a. || 103

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || 51 || 302 || 328 || 316 || 343

LV

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || 558 || 352 || 509 || 375 || 334 || 257 || 291

International (m tkm) || || 9199 || 12958 || 19270 || 17929 || 19243 || 18467 || 16887

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 3327 || 779 || 568 || 800 || 889 || 865 || 686 || 670

International (m pkm) || 2039 || 477 || 147 || 94 || 102 || 86 || 70 || 79

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || 800 || 889 || 865 || 686 || 670

NL

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 1019 || 721 || 1033 || 1073 || 1195 || 1059 || 941 || 950

International (m tkm) || 2049 || 2295 || 3577 || 4841 || 6021 || 5925 || 4635 || 5435

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || n.a. || 13500 || 14700 || 14752 || 15634 || 15895 || 15927 || 16002

International (m pkm) || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || 231 || 254 || 275 || 920 || 966

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

PL

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 59604 || 43573 || 33230 || 25377 || 29948 || 29101 || 28563 || 27941

International (m tkm) || 23926 || 25543 || 21218 || 24287 || 23975 || 22469 || 15038 || 21014

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 49683 || 26346 || 23844 || 17109 || 18772 || 19628 || 18243 || 17918

International (m pkm) || 690 || 289 || 248 || 706 || 529 || 489 || 449 || 530

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 50373 || 26635 || 24092 || 14448 || 15895 || 16196 || 15316 || 13645

PT

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || || || 2131 || 2309 || 2342 || 1972 || 2095

International (m tkm) || || || || 291 || 278 || 208 || 183 || 389

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || || 3753 || 3933 || 4085 || 4049 || 4008

International (m pkm) || || || || 57 || 55 || 120 || 103 || 103

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || || 2799 || 2833 || 2391 || 2365

RO

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 34764 || 17907 || 10757 || 9341 || 12075 || 11821 || 9530 || 10345

International (m tkm) || 14147 || 6313 || 5673 || 3601 || 3682 || 3415 || 1557 || 2029

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 29417 || 19928 || 11384 || 7816 || 7329 || 6805 || 5995 || 5308

International (m pkm) || 1164 || 197 || 247 || 144 || 146 || 152 || 133 || 129

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 29417 || 19928 || 11384 || 7816 || 7476 || 6958 || n.a. || n.a.

SE

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 10445 || 10823 || 11999 || 14124 || 15681 || 15975 || 13176 || 14828

International (m tkm) || 8312 || 8098 || 7668 || 7550 || 7569 || 7141 || 7212** || 8634**

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 5946 || 6271 || 7706 || 8338 || 9771 || 10462 || 10706 || 10674

International (m pkm) || 654 || 562 || 537 || 598 || 499 || 555 || 615 || 544

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 2448 || 3098 || 3386 || 3992 || 4601 || 4763 || 5298 || n.a.

SI

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 1683 || 512 || 571 || 620 || 671 || 303 || 247 || 263

International (m tkm) || 2525 || 2563 || 2285 || 2625 || 2932 || 3570 || 2957 || 3649

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 1166 || 491 || 593 || 666 || 690 || 713 || 718 || 680

International (m pkm) || 263 || 104 || 112 || 111 || 122 || 121 || n.a. || n.a.

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 1166 || 491 || 593 || 666 || 689 || 711 || 822 || 792

SK

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || || || 1229 || 1089 || 940 || 700 || 762

International (m tkm) || || || || || || 11995 || 8239 || 9721

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || || || || || 1953 || 2077 || n.a. || n.a.

International (m pkm) || || || 179 || 143 || 195 || 202 || n.a. || n.a.

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || 2741 || 2023 || 2148 || 2279 || n.a. || n.a.

UK

|| || 1990 || 1995 || 2000 || 2005 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || 16000 || 13300 || 17910 || 20953 || 20904 || 20641 || 18742 || 18169

International (m tkm) || || || 990 || 474 || 361 || 436 || 429 || 408

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 32000 || 30000 || 39002 || 43157 || 48878 || 51348 || 51123 || 54111

International (m pkm) || || || || 1485 || 1595 || 1654 || 1641 || 1720

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || || || || 42977 || 48635 || 51017 || 50738 || 53630

NO

|| || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010

Freight transport || National (m tkm) || || 2670 || 2804 || 2115

International (m tkm) || 1002 || 956 || 862 || 1047

Passenger transport || National (m pkm) || 2895 || 3047 || 3011 || 3023

International (m pkm) || 61 || 67 || 69 || 72

Of which under PSO (m pkm) || 2156 || 2237 || 2204 || n.a.

Source: RMMS questionnaires filled in by Member States, national Ministries responsible for transport, Eurostat data, railway undertakings DB, FS and the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC)

*For 2010, this figure doesn't take into account data from Eurostar

** From 2009 data for freight transport include transit from Norway to Norway

ANNEX 5

Market shares of railway undertakings (2010)

5a. Rail freight transport (market shares in tonnes-kilometres)

|| Railway undertakings || Market share (%) || Total market share of all but the principal railway undertakings

AT || ÖBB RCA || 85,4 || 14,6

Wiener Lokalbahn Cargo || 3,5

Lokomotion || 3,0

LTE || 2,6

Logserv || 2,4

TX Logistik Austria || 2,1

BE || SNCB/NMBS (B-Cargo) || 88,18 || 11,82

Crossrail Benelux N.V. || 6,28

SNCF-Fret || 3,74

Trainsport AG || 1,19

Veolia Cargo Nederland B.V. (Rail4Chem) || 0,23

DB Schenker Rail Nederland N.V. || 0,01

BG || BDZ EAD || 78,38 || 21,6

BRC AD || 16,25

Bulmarket DM Ltd || 2,71

Real Kargo Austria || 0,01

DB Schenker Rail Bulgaria EOOD || 2,65

CZ || ČD Cargo || 86.84 || 13,16

Advanced World Transport || 5.63

Unipetrol Doprava || 3.62

České dráhy || 0.89

Ostravská dopravní společnost || 0.73

PKP Cargo Spolka Akcyjna || 0.42

Traťová strojní společnost || 0.37

BF Logistics || 0.29

LTE Logistik a Transport Czechia || 0.20

Sokolovská uhelná, právní nástupce || 0.13

DE || Deutsche Bahn AG || 75 || 25

Other railway undertakings || 25

DK || DB Schenker Rail Denmark Services A/S Taastrup Denmark || 75 || 25

CFL Cargo Aps: Padborg Denmark || 2

Hector Rail: Danderyd, Sweden || 23

EE || ERS || 55 || 45

EVR Cargo || 45

EL || OSE || n.a. || n.a.

ES || RENFE-OPERADORA || 91,92 || 8,08

COMSA || 3,25

CONTINENTAL || 2,01

EWS || 1,99

Other railway undertakings || 0,83

FI || VR Group Ltd. || 100 || 0

FR || SNCF || 80 || 20

Other railway undertakings || 20

HU || Rail Cargo Hungaria Zrt (private) || 80,53 || 19,47

GySEV Zrt (public) || 6,34

CER Zrt (private) || 4,59

|| MMV Magyar Maganvasut Zrt (private) || 2,97 ||

AWT Rail HU Zrt. (private) || 1,44

Floyd Zrt. (private) || 1,43

IE || Iarnrod Eireann || 100 || 0

IT || N.a. || N.a. || N.a.

LT || JSC Lithuanian Railways || 100 || 0

LU || CFL Cargo || 100 || 0

LV || SIA LDz Cargo || 76,7 || 23,3

AS BTS || 16,63

AS BE || 6,67

NL || DB Schenker Rail Nederland BV || Ca 60 || 40

Other railway undertakings || Ca 40

PL || PKP Cargo S.A. || 64,40 || 35,82

Lotos Kolej sp. z o.o. || 6,98

DB Schenker RailPolska SA || 6,54

PKP LHS sp. z o.o. || 5,60

CTL Logistics Sp. Zo.o. || 5,30

ORLEN KOL-TRANS SP. Zo.o. || 1,73

Freightliner PL Sp. Zo.o. || 1,46

POL-MIEDZ TRANS Sp. Zo.o. || 1,43

CTL Express Sp. Zo.o. || 1,24

|| Railway undertakings || Market share (%) || Total market share of all but the principal railway undertakings

PT || Takargo || 9 || N.a.

RO || SNTFM CFR Marfa || 45,3 || 54,7

SC Grup Feroviar Roman SA || 21,45

SC Servtrans Invest SA || 9,64

SC Cargo trans Vagon SA || 5,36

SC Unifertrans SA || 5,36

SC Rompetrol Logistics SA || 4,28

SC Transferoviar Grup SA || 3,21

SC Logistics Services Danubius SRL || 2,14

SC Grup Transport Feroviar SA || 2,14

SC Cargo Romania SRL || 1,12

SE* || Green Cargo AB || 60 || 40

Malmtrafik i Kirusa AB || 15

Cargo Net AB and Cargo Net AS || 10

Hektor Rail AB || 7

DB Schenker Rail Scandinavia A/S || 3

TX Logistik AB || 2

MidCargo AB || 1

RailCare Tag AB || 1

Stena Recycling AB || 1

SI || SZ Freight Transport || 92,46 || 0

Rail Cargo Austria || 6,74

Adria Transport || 0,79

SK || ZSSK Cargo, a. s. || 95,75 || 2,03

Lokorail || 0,96

Express Rail s.r.o. || 0,91

UK || DB Schenker || 48,6 || 51,4

Freightliner || 37,9

GB Railfreight || 9,3

|| Direct Rail Services || 3,7 ||

NO || CargoNet AS || 75 || 25

Malmtrafikk AS || 22

Others || 3

*For Sweden, reported shares are calculated on the gross

Tables are not complete due to data privacy

Source: RMMS questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011

5b. Rail passenger transport (market shares in passengers-kilometres)

|| Railway undertakings || Market share (%) || Total market share of all but the principal railway undertakings (%)

AT || ÖBB PV || 94,2 || 5,4

Other railway undertakings || 5,8

BE || SNCB/NMBS || 99,8 || 0,2

Eurostar Limited || 0,2

BG || BDZ Passenger Services || 97,4 || 2,6

BDZ EAD || 2,6

CZ || České Dráhy || 99.76 || 0,24

Viamont || 0.16

Rail Transport || 0.03

RegioJet || 0.02

Vogtlandbahn-GmbH, organizační složka || 0.01

DE || DB AG || 92 || 8

Other railway undertakings || 8

DK || DSB: Kobenhavn (incumbent) || 65 || 18

DSB S-tog A/S: Kobenhavn (incumbent) || 17

DSB First: Molmö (SE) || 8

Arriva Tog A/S: Tarnby || 4

Metro Service A/S: Kobenhavn || 3

Nordtjyske Jernbaner A/S: Hjorring || <1

Lokalbanen A/S: Hillerod || 1

Midtjyske Jernbaner Drift A/S: Odder || <1

Regionstog A/S: Holbaek || 1

Nord-Ostsee Bahn GmbH: Kiel (DE) || <1

SJ (SE) || <1

Regionalbahn Schleswig-Holstein (DE) || <1

EE || Edelaraudtee || 50 || 50

Elektriraudtee || 42

GoRail || 7

EL || Trainose SA || n.a. || n.a.

ES || Renfe Operadora || 100 || 0

FI || VR Ltd. || 100 || 0

FR || SNCF || 99 || 1

Other railway undertakings || 1

HU || MAV Start Zrt || 98,2 || 1,8

GySEV Zrt || 1,8

IE || Iarnrod Eireann || 100 || 0

IT || N.a. || n.a. || n.a.

LT || SC Lithuanian Railways || 100 || 0

LU || N.a. || n.a. || n.a.

LV || A/s Pasazieru vilciens (AS PV) || 89,43 || 10,54

SAI LDZ Cargo || 10,54

NL || Netherlands Railways || 95,2 || 4,8

Other railway undertakings || 4,8

PL || PKP Intercity SA || 46,82 || 48,31

Przewozy Regionalne SP ZO O || 36,22

Koleje Mazowieckie – KM SP ZO O || 10,15

PKP SKM SP ZO O || 4,87

PT || Fertagus || 9,6 || n.a.

RO || CFR Calatori || 95,51 || 3,93

SC REGIOTRANS SRL || 3,93

SE || Arriva Tåg AB || n.a. || n.a.

A-Train AB || n.a.

Bottniatåg AB || n.a.

DB Regio Sverige AB || n.a.

DSB || n.a.

DSB Småland || n.a.

DSBFirst Sverige AB || n.a.

DSBFirst Väst AB || n.a.

Inlandståget AB || n.a.

Merresor AB || n.a.

Roslagståg AB || n.a.

SJ AB || n.a.

SJ Norrlandståg AB || n.a.

Stockholmståg KB || n.a.

Svenska Tågkompaniet AB || n.a.

Tågåkeriet i Bergslagen AB || n.a.

Veolia Transport Sverige AB || n.a.

SI || SZ Passenger transport || 99,99 || 0,01

SK || ZSSK Slovensko || 99,97 || 0,03

UK || Virgin Trains || 10,1 || 89,9

South West Trains || 9,7

First Great Western || 9,6

East Coast || 7,9

Southern || 7,1

Southeastern || 7,1

National Express East Anglia || 6,9

First Capital Connect || 5,8

Cross Country || 5,5

First Scotrail || 5,0

East Midlands || 3,7

London Midland || 3,3

First Transpennine Express || 2,7

Eurostar || 2,6

Northern-East || 2,2

Arriva Train Wales || 2,0

C2C || 1,7

Chiltern || 1,6

Northern West || 1,4

NO || NSB AS || 88 || 12

Flytoget AS || 9

NSB Gjovikbanen AS || 2

Others (Ofotbanen AS and SJ AB) || 1

Tables are not complete due to data privacy

Source: RMMS questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011

ANNEX 6

Number of active licences

6a. Active licences in freight transport issued according to Directive 95/18/EC

Source: RMMS questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011

6b. Active licences in passenger transport issued according to Directive 95/18/EC

Source: RMMS questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011

ANNEX 7

Employment

7a. Employment of railway undertakings and infrastructure managers at the end of 2010

|| Total staff of railway undertakings || Of which train drivers || Total staff of infrastructure managers || Other staff including in rail related service companies (e. g. maintenance workshops, terminal operators, training, train driver leasing, energy supply)

AT* || 42473 || 4765 || 16298 || N.a.

BE || 20411** || 3463* || 12750 || 4217

BG || 13903 || 2169 || 14509 || 2429

CZ || 38046*** || n.a. || 8795**** || n.a.

DE || 80000c || n.a. || 59000c || n.a.

DK || 9500c || 2500c || 2132 || n.a.

EE || n.a. || 600c || 1000c || n.a.

EL || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

ES || 13976 || 5034 || 13761 || n.a.

*ÖBB only

**SNCB/NMBS

***České dráhy

****Railway Infrastructure Administration

C: approximative number

|| Total staff of railway undertakings || Of which train drivers || Total staff of infrastructure managers || Other staff including in rail related service companies (e. g. maintenance workshops, terminal operators, training, train driver leasing, energy supply)

FI || 9242 || 1652 || 702 || n.a.

FR || 110000c || 20000c || 54000c || n.a.

HU || 16493 || n.a. || 19145 || n.a.

IE || 4254 || 530 || n.a. || n.a.

IT || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

LT || 6682 || 639 || 3737 || 1651

LU || 3580 || 221 || 1283 || 2297

LV || 4051 || 848 || 7031* || n.a.

NL || 26868 || 4500 || 4161 || n.a.

PL || 62746 || 13211 || 40863 || n.a.

*Public infrastructure manager

|| Total staff of railway undertakings || Of which train drivers || Total staff of infrastructure managers || Other staff including in rail related service companies (e. g. maintenance workshops, terminal operators, training, train driver leasing, energy supply)

PT || 4210 || 1098 || 3445 || 412

RO || 25592* || 5026 || 25130 || n.a.

SE || 10168 || n.a. || 8004** || n.a.

SI || 4150 || 958 || 2742 || 2069

SK || 14344 || 2900 || 16955 || n.a.

UK || 56000 || 14000 || 37153 || n.a.

NO || n.a. || n.a. || 3376 || n.a.

*Public sector

**Figures for the Swedish Transport Administration include the whole staff working for both road and rail

Source: RMMS Questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011

7b. Railways - number of persons employed in the EU27 index number - 2000=100

7c Railways - number of persons employed in the EU27 and its countries

Notes to figures 7b and 7c:

Statistics on the number of persons employed in the railways industry shows a clear downwards trend in recent years. However, these figures refer to the "Transport via railways" industry as defined in the NACE classification REV. 1.1[1]. This NACE class (60.10) includes the following economic activities: 

· Passenger transport by interurban railways

· Freight transport by interurban, suburban and urban railways

In contrast, the same NACE class (60.10) does NOT include[2] the following:

· passenger and freight terminal activities, cargo handling, storage and other auxiliary activities (NACE 63)

· maintenance and minor repair of rolling stock (NACE 63.21)

· operation of railroad infrastructure (NACE 63.21)

In conclusion, statistics on the number of persons employed in the railways industry (NACE class 60.10) should be interpreted with care as part of the drop observed in the EU between 2000 and 2007 is the result of a "coding effect" linked to the split of activities. Because of missing data for some countries, it is not possible to precisely estimate the impact of this "coding effect".

ANNEX 8

Rail infrastructure capacity, railway lines density and intensity of network use 2009

|| Length of lines in use (in km) || || Railway lines density (km/1000km²) in 2009 || || Intensity of network use per kilometre in 2009

|| || || freight transport (million tkm/km of lines) || Passenger transport (m pkm/km of lines)

AT || 5635 || || 67,2 || || 3.15 || 1,89

BE || 3578 || || 117,2 || || 1,78 || 2,91

BG || 4150 || || 37,4 || || 0,75 || 0,51

CZ || 9578 || || 121,4 || || 1,34 || 0,68

DE || 33714 || || 94,4 || || 2,84 || 2,44

DK || 2667 || || 61,8 || || 0,64 || 2,32

EE || 919 || || 21,0 || || 6,47 || 0,27

EL || 2552 || || 19,4 || || 0,21 || 0,55

ES || 13336 || || 26,3 || || 0,53 || 1,63

FI || 5919 || || 17,5 || || 1,49 || 0,66

FR || 29422 || || 53,3 || || 1,09 || 2,92

HU || 7892 || || 84,8 || || 0,97 || 1,01

IE || 1919 || || 27,5 || || 0,04 || 0,89

IT || 17004 || || 56,4 || || 1,05 || 2,83

LT || 1767 || || 28,2 || || 6,72 || 0,23

LU || 275 || || 106,3 || || 0,73 || 1,09

LV || 1884 || || 29,2 || || 9,94 || 0,42

NL || 2886 || || 69,5 || || 1,93 || 5,68

PL || 20770 || || 66,4 || || 4,24 || 1,57

PT || 2842 || || 30,9 || || 0,76 || 1,48

RO || 10776 || || 45,2 || || 1,03 || 0,57

SE || 11138 || || 25,2 || || 1,74 || 1,01

SI || 1228 || || 60,6 || || 2,30 || 0,65

SK || 3623 || || 73,9 || || 1,92 || 0,63

UK || 16272 || || 66,7 || || 1,30 || 3,24

NO || 4114 || || 12,7 || || 0,89 || 0,73

|| Railway lines density (km/million inhabitants) in 2009

AT || 673

BE || 336

BG || 543

CZ || 913

DE || 410

DK || 482

EE || 686

EL || 228

ES || 294

FI || 1117

FR || 457

HU || 785

IE || 434

IT || 285

LT || 524

LU || 573

LV || 830

NL || 176

PL || 547

PT || 267

RO || 965

SE || 1213

SI || 605

SK || 671

UK || 266

NO || 852

Source: Calculations based on table 2.2.5, 2.3.7 and 2.5.3 of the EU Transport in Figures, Statistical Pocketbook 2011.

For Spain referred only to the main rail network managed by ADIF. The data of Spain in the Statistical Pocketbook include the regional rail networks.

ANNEX 9

Capacity of the high speed rail network (1985-2010)

9a. Lengths of lines or of sections of lines on which trains can go faster than 250 km/h at some point during the journey:

|| UK || BE || DE || ES || FR || IT || NL || EU

1985 || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0 || 419 || 224 || 0 || 643

1990 || 0 || 0 || 90 || 0 || 710 || 224 || 0 || 1024

1995 || 0 || 0 || 447 || 471 || 1281 || 248 || 0 || 2447

2000 || 0 || 72 || 636 || 471 || 1281 || 248 || 0 || 2708

2001 || 0 || 72 || 636 || 471 || 1540 || 248 || 0 || 2967

2002 || 0 || 137 || 833 || 471 || 1540 || 248 || 0 || 3229

2003 || 74 || 137 || 875 || 1069 || 1540 || 248 || 0 || 3943

2004 || 74 || 137 || 1196 || 1069 || 1540 || 248 || 0 || 4264

2005 || 74 || 137 || 1196 || 1090 || 1540 || 248 || 0 || 4285

2006 || 74 || 137 || 1285 || 1272 || 1540 || 248 || 0 || 4556

2007 || 113 || 137 || 1285 || 1511 || 1872 || 562 || 0 || 5480

2008 || 113 || 137 || 1285 || 1599 || 1872 || 744 || 0 || 5750

2009 || 113 || 209 || 1285 || 1604 || 1872 || 923 || 120 || 6126

2010 || 113 || 209 || 1285 || 2056 || 1884 || 923 || 120 || 6590

9b. High speed lines currently under construction:

|| Line || Length in km || Start of operation

DE || München-Augsburg || 62 || 2011

Gröbers-Erfurt || 98 || 2015

Nürnberg-Erfurt || 218 || 2017

ES || Madrid-Valencia/Alicante/Murcia || 902 || 2010-2012

Vitoria-Bilbao-San Sebastian || 175 || 2012

Variante de Pajares || 50 || 2012

Ourense-Santiago || 88 || 2012

Bobadilla-Granada || 109 || 2012

La Coruna-Vigo || 158 || 2012

Barcelona-Figueras || 132 || 2012

FR || Dijon-Mulhouse || 150 || 2011

Nîmes-Montpellier || 70 || 2016

PT-ES || Porto-Vigo || 55 || 2013

Note1: The length indicated above is the length of the line under construction and not necessarily the distance between the places named.

Note 2: 436,4 km from the Madrid-Valencia/Albacete line are in service since December 2010

Source: EU Transport in Figures, Statistical Pocketbook 2011, table 2.5.4. on the basis of UIC statistics

ANNEX 10

Investments in rail infrastructure

10a. Total investments in m EUR in 2010-2011 (conventional lines)

|| Maintenance || Renewals || Enhancements

2010 || Forecast for 2011 || 2010 || Forecast for 2011 || 2010 || Forecast for 2011

AT || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

BE || n.a. || n.a. || 445 || 413 || 457 || 568

BG || 46 || 50 || 46 || 46 || n.a. || n.a.

CZ || 372** || n.a. || 372** || n.a. || 576 || n.a.

DE || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

DK || 158 || 143 || 222 || 225 || 189 || 767

EE || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

EL || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

ES || 567 || 550 || 240 || 78 || 396 || 255

FI || 167 || 185 || 173 || 106 || n.a. || n.a.

FR || 1997 || 2140 || 1404* || 1609* || 176 || 310

HU || 101 || 104 || 47 || 86 || 263 || 139

IE || 93 || 90 || 89 || 80 || 45 || 10

IT || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a. || n.a.

LT || 144 || 145 || 8 || 11 || 52 || 110

LU || 117 || 127 || 22 || 19 || 155 || 248

LV || 105 || 104 || 42 || 23 || 36 || 44

* Including high-speed lines

** Total for maintenance and renewals

|| Maintenance || Renewals || Enhancements

2010 || Forecast for 2011 || 2010 || Forecast for 2011 || 2010 || Forecast for 2011

NL || 972 || 658 || 491 || 468 || 794 || 749

PL || 482 || 519 || 626 || 1174 || 0 || 0

PT || 114 || 103 || 39 || 43 || 290 || 285

RO || 18 || 18 || 4 || 2 || 271 || 320

SE || 500 || n.a. || 224 || n.a. || 1433 || n.a.

SI || 61 || 74 || 38 || 30 || 23 || 22

SK || 110 || 118 || 24 || 30 || n.a. || n.a.

UK || 1272 || 1056 || 2276 || 2621 || 1217 || 1662

NO || 145 || 152 || 190 || 150 || 496 || 587

Source: RMMS Questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011

10b. Investment in inland transport infrastructure 1995-2009 (as a percentage of GDP, at current prices)

Source: The International Transport Forum at the OECD

Note: Western European Countries (WECs) include AT, CH, DK, DE, ES, FI, FR, UK, IE, IT, PT, SE; Central en Eastern European Countries (CCECs) include CZ, EE, HR, LT, LV, MK, PL, RO, SK, SV and SRB

10c. Distribution of infrastructure investment between modes (Euros, current prices, current exchange rates)

Source: The International Transport Forum at the OECD

ANNEX 11

Infrastructure charges

Average charge in €/train km (2010), excluding cost of the use of electricity

Train category || AT || BE || BG || CZ || DE || DK || EE

1000 gross tonne freight train || 3,73* || 2,25 || 3,73 || 3,73 || 2,57 || - || 4,7

500 gross tonne intercity passenger train || 3,20* || 4,57 || 2,24 || 0,86 || 5,14 || - || 2,03

Train category || ES || FI || FR || HU || IE || LT || LU

1000 gross tonne freight train || 0,13 || 1,73 || 1,8 || 2,63 || 9,80 || 6,67 || 0,72

500 gross tonne intercity passenger train || 0,26 to 7,94 || 0,64 || 3,6 || 2,61 || 4,40 || 7,38 || 2,24

Train category || LV || NL || PL || PT || RO || SE || SI

1000 gross tonne freight train || 9,13 || 1,75-1,84 || 2,01-4,46 || 1,51 || 3,49 || 0,45 || 1,11-2,23

500 gross tonne intercity passenger train || 4,78 || 1,56-1,62 || 1,40-3,47 || 1,51 || 2,28 || 0,71 || 1,78-2,23

Train category || SK || UK || NO

1000 gross tonne freight train || 10,21 || 1,69 || n.a.

500 gross tonne intercity passenger train || 1,92 || 1,12 || n.a.

* Within the average figures indicated in the table for Austria, the level of track access charges per train can vary strongly

Source: RMMS Questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011

ANNEX 12

Compensation of public service obligations

Source: CER

ANNEX 13

Multi-annual contracts

Part of the network covered by multi-annual infrastructure management contracts (%)

BE || BG || DE || DK || ES || F || LT || LU || NL || RO || SE || SK || UK

100 || 100 || 100 || 100 || 85 || 100 || 100 || 100 || 96 || 100 || 10 || 100 || 100

Source: RMMS Questionnaires filled in by Member States in May/June 2011.

ANNEX 14

Frequency and purpose of passengers' journeys by rail

14a. Frequency of journeys by rail

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

14b. Most frequent purpose of journeys by rail

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

ANNEX 15

Satisfaction with railway stations

15a. Satisfaction with various features of railway stations

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

15b. Satisfaction with quality of the facilities and services

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

ANNEX 16

Satisfaction with train services

16a. Satisfaction with various features of trains and train services

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

16b. Satisfaction with frequency of the trains

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

16c. Satisfaction with punctuality and reliability

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

16d. Satisfaction with the provision of information during the journey, in particular in case of delay

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

16e. Satisfaction with cleanliness and good maintenance of rail cars

Source: Flash Eurobarometer survey on passengers’ satisfaction with rail services, June 2011

ANNEX 17

Safety

17a Reported number of fatalities per victim type 2008, 2009 and 2010

Source: European Railway Agency, The railway safety performance in the European Union

17b Reported number of serious accidents per victim category 2008, 2009 and 2010

Source: European Railway Agency, The railway safety performance in the European Union

17c Number of active and passive level crossings per ten line kilometres in 2010

Source: European Railway Agency, The railway safety performance in the European Union

ANNEX 18

RMMS questionnaire 2011

Please fill in the questionnaire electronically. Feel free to change the size of the tables according to your needs. You may provide additional comments under each answer. If there have been no developments or measures undertaken in a certain field, please indicate it clearly. In case of non-availability of the requested data, use the abbreviation "n/a". Thank you!

1. Evolution of rail transport performance and compensation of Public Service Obligations (1):

|| 2009 || %-variation compared to previous year || 2010 || %-variation compared to previous year

Freight -in tkm (2) total || || || ||

international || || || ||

transit || || || ||

national || || || ||

Passengers -in pkm (3)- total (4) || || || ||

international || || || ||

Transit  (5) || || || ||

national || || || ||

of which under PSO: || || || ||

Paid compensation for PSO (in euro): || || || ||

2. Shares of railway undertakings (6) in total transport performance at the end of 2010 (please list railway undertakings with market shares in tkm/pkm ≥ 1%):

Railway undertakings (FREIGHT) (7) || Share (% of tkm) || Total market share of all but the principal railway undertakings

|| ||

||

||

||

||

Railway undertakings (PASSENGERS) (7) || Share (% of pkm) || Total market share of all but the principal railway undertakings

|| ||

||

||

||

3. Regulatory Bodies:

|| In 2009 || In 2010

No. of staff dealing with regulatory issues related to rail market access: || ||

No. of complaints dealt with: || ||

No. of ex officio investigations dealt with: || ||

No. of decisions taken - on complaints: || ||

                                     - on ex officio investigations: || ||

4. Please list national legislation and regulatory acts relevant to railway transport which has been issued between 1 January and 31 December 2010.

5. Please list relevant developments as regards restructuring of the incumbent railway undertaking and adoption/implementation of national transport strategies that have taken place between 1 January and 31 December 2010.

6. Please list important training initiatives/measures (8) in the field of railway transport taken in your country between 1 January and 31 December 2010.

7. Employment of railway undertakings and infrastructure managers at the end of 2010:

Total staff of railway undertakings ||

- of which train drivers ||

Total staff of infrastructure managers ||

Other staff including in rail related service companies (e.g. maintenance workshops, terminal operators, training, train driver leasing, energy supply) ||

8. Multi-annual infrastructure management contracts (9) in 2010:

Infrastructure manager || Length of the network covered by the contract || Time span of the contract starting from [date] || Definition of performance indicators agreed (Y/N)? If yes, please specify. || Total compensation paid (in Euro/year) || Existence of independent monitoring body supervising MAC (Y/N)?

|| || || || ||

9. Infrastructure (10) expenditure - conventional network and high-speed network (11):

|| Maintenance || Renewals || Enhancements

Conventional lines 2010: (in Euro) || || ||

(in km worked on) || || ||

Forecast for 2011 (in Euro) || || ||

(in km worked on) || || ||

High-speed lines 2010 (in Euro) || || ||

(in km worked on) || || ||

Forecast for 2011 (in Euro) || || ||

(in km worked on) || || ||

10. Investments in the high-speed rail network:

Lines || Km of lines being put into service in 2010 || Km being put into service at a conventional planning horizon (2020/2030)

|| ||

|| ||

                                                                                                        

11. Length of railway network at the end of 2010

Conventional lines (in km) ||

High-speed lines (in km) ||

12. Track access charges in 2010

Train category (12) || Average charge in €/train km, excluding cost of the use of electricity

1000 gross tonne freight train ||

500 gross tonne intercity passenger train ||

140 gross tonne suburban passenger train ||

13. Please indicate whether in your country exists a performance regime set up according to Article 11 of Directive 2001/14/EC (13) and if yes, describe its main features.

14. Number of active railway licences issued by competent, national authority (14)

|| Active licences on 31.12.2009 || Licences withdrawn || New licences issued || Active licences on 31.12.2010

Total || || || ||

thereof: - for freight transport || || || ||

- for passenger transport || || || ||

15. Please describe briefly the status of the ERTMS deployment.

16. Are there any other developments you would like to report on?

Thank you!

Glossary:

(1) Public Service Obligations as defined in Regulation 1370/2007 of 23 October 2007: "‘public service obligation’ means a requirement defined or determined by a competent authority in order to ensure public passenger transport services in the general interest that an operator, if it were considering its own commercial interests, would not assume or would not assume to the same extent or under the same conditions without reward";

(2) tkm = tonne-kilometre

(3) pkm = passenger-kilometre

(4) Please do not include passenger transit in total figure to ensure comparability with Eurostat data.

(5) Provide passenger transit figures as far as available. Do not include in total figure as Eurostat survey does not include them.

(6) Please apply territoriality principle, i.e. an undertaking operating in more than one country would see its share split across respective national rail markets.

(7) Please indicate if possible for each railway undertaking whether the majority of the assets are private or public-owned

(8) E.g. measures related to the organisation of driver training, opening of training centres, support schemes for management training in the rail sector, setting up of an advanced apprenticeship scheme in the rail sector, international exchange programmes for staff or developments on the market for training services.

(9) Contract concluded with the State or other competent authorities providing for financial compensation to infrastructure managers for maintenance and renewal to achieve an agreed performance, according to Directive 2001/14/EC, Article 6: "Infrastructure cost and accounts:

1. Member States shall lay down conditions, including where appropriate advance payments, to ensure that, under normal business conditions and over a reasonable time period, the accounts of an infrastructure manager shall at least balance income from infrastructure charges, surpluses from other commercial activities and State funding on the one hand, and infrastructure expenditure on the other.        Without prejudice to the possible long-term aim of user cover of infrastructure costs for all modes of transport on the basis of fair, non-discriminatory competition between the various modes, where rail transport is able to compete with other modes of transport, within the charging framework of Articles 7 and 8, a Member State may require the infrastructure manager to balance his accounts without State funding.

2. Infrastructure managers shall, with due regard to safety and to maintaining and improving the quality of the infrastructure service, be provided with incentives to reduce the costs of provision of infrastructure and the level of access charges.

3. Member States shall ensure that the provision set out in paragraph 2 is implemented, either through a contractual agreement between the competent authority and infrastructure manager covering a period of not less than three years which provides for State funding or through the establishment of appropriate regulatory measures with adequate powers.

4. Where a contractual agreement exists, the terms of the contract and the structure of the payments agreed to provide funding to the infrastructure manager shall be agreed in advance to cover the whole of the contract period.

5. A method for apportioning costs shall be established. Member States may require prior approval. This method should be updated from time to time to the best international practice".

(10) As defined in Directive 91/440/EEC: "railway infrastructure` shall mean all the items listed in Annex I.A to Commission Regulation (EEC) N° 2598/70 of 18 December 1970 specifying the items to be included under the various headings in the forms of accounts shown in Annex I to Regulation (EEC) N° 1108/70, with the exception of the final indent which, for the purposes of this Directive only, shall read as follows: 'Buildings used by the infrastructure department",

            The definition and scope of the term "Transport Infrastructure" according to Annex I.A to Commission Regulation (EEC) N° 2598/70 of 18 December 1970 reads as follows:

            "For the purposes of Article 1 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 1108/70 of 4 June 1970, "transport infrastructure" means all routes and fixed installations of the three modes of transport being routes and installations necessary for the circulation and safety of traffic.

            A. RAIL

            Railway infrastructure consists of the following items, provided they form part of the permanent way, including sidings, but excluding lines situated within railway repair workshops, depots or locomotive sheds, and private branch lines or sidings: - Ground area;

– Track and track bed, in particular embankments, cuttings, drainage channels and trenches, masonry trenches, culverts, lining walls, planting for protecting side slopes etc. ; passenger and goods platforms ; four-foot way and walkways ; enclosure walls, hedges, fencing ; fire protection strips ; apparatus for heating points ; crossings, etc. ; snow protection screens;

– Engineering structures : bridges, culverts and other overpasses, tunnels, covered cuttings and other underpasses ; retaining walls, and structures for protection against avalanches, falling stones, etc.;

– Level crossings, including appliances to ensure the safety of road traffic;

– Superstructure, in particular : rails, grooved rails and check rails ; sleepers and longitudinal ties, small fittings for the permanent way, ballast including stone chippings and sand ; points, crossings, etc. ; turntables and traversers (except those reserved exclusively for locomotives);

– Access way for passengers and goods, including access by road;

– Safety, signalling and telecommunications installations on the open track, in stations and in marshalling yards, including plant for generating, transforming and distributing electric current for signalling and telecommunications ; buildings for such installations or plant ; track brakes;

– Lighting installations for traffic and safety purposes;

– Plant for transforming and carrying electric power for train haulage: sub-stations, supply cables between sub-stations and contact wires, catenaries and supports; third rail with supports;

– Buildings used by the infrastructure department…"

(11) High-speed infrastructure as defined in Directive 2008/57/EC, Annex I: "The high-speed lines shall comprise:

– specially built high-speed lines equipped for speeds generally equal to or greater than 250 km/h,

– specially upgraded high-speed lines equipped for speeds of the order of 200 km/h,

– specially upgraded high-speed lines which have special features as a result of topographical, relief or town planning constraints, on which the speed must be adapted to each case. This category also includes interconnecting lines between the high-speed and conventional networks, lines through stations, accesses to terminals, depots, etc. travelled at conventional speed by ‘high-speed’ rolling stock.

This network includes traffic management, tracking and navigation systems, technical installations for data processing and telecommunications intended for services on these lines in order to guarantee the safe and harmonious operation of the network and efficient traffic management."

(12) The International Transport Forum in Leipzig (D) (http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/) has published surveys on track access charges in the indicated categories.

(13) Article 11 of Directive 2001/14/EC reads as follows: "Performance scheme

1. Infrastructure charging schemes shall through a performance scheme encourage railway undertakings and the infrastructure manager to minimise disruption and improve the performance of the railway network. This may include penalties for actions which disrupt the operation of the network, compensation for undertakings which suffer from disruption and bonuses that reward better than planned performance.

2. The basic principles of the performance scheme shall apply throughout the network".

(14) Licences issued according to Directive 95/18/EC: "Objective and Scope:

            Article 1

1. This Directive concerns the criteria applicable to the issue, renewal or amendment of licences by a Member State intended for railway undertakings which are or will be established in the Community when they provide the services referred to in Article 10 of Directive 91/440/EEC under the conditions laid down in that Article.

2. Railway undertakings the activities of which are limited to the operation of urban, suburban or regional services shall be excluded from the scope of this Directive. Railway undertakings and international groupings the activity of which is limited to the provision of shuttle services transporting road vehicles through the Channel Tunnel shall also be excluded from the scope of this Directive.

3. A licence shall be valid throughout the territory of the Community."

[1]               NACE is the official classification used by Eurostat and the European Statistical System for defining economic activities.

[2]               See also in RAMON (Eurostat)

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