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Document 52011XG1230(01)

Thirteenth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment

OJ C 382, 30.12.2011, p. 1–470 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

30.12.2011   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 382/1


THIRTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 8(2) OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES GOVERNING CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT

(2011/C 382/01)

INTRODUCTION

The present report covers activities undertaken by the EU and its Member States in the framework of the implementation of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP (1) throughout 2010 and 2011. As far as conventional arms exports are concerned, the report covers the 2010 calendar year.

During 2010 and 2011 the EU and its Member States continued to implement Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment, which replaced the EU Code of Conduct on arms exports in force since June 1998.

The following third countries have officially aligned themselves with the criteria and principles of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Norway. During 2011, the EU Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) also started the development of a specific exchange information system between the EU and third countries aligning themselves with the Common Position.

The promotion of effective national arms export control regimes was carried out in 2010 and 2011 in the framework of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP of 22 December 2009 on support for EU activities in order to promote the control of arms exports and the principles and criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP among third countries (2).

The EU and its Member States continued to play a leading role in the Arms Trade Treaty process, thoroughly preparing for, and actively participating in all the sessions of the Preparatory Committee that took place in 2010 and 2011. EU efforts also focused on outreach to third countries, both through bilateral consultations and the organisation of regional outreach events in the framework of relevant Council Decisions 2009/42/CFSP (3) and 2010/336/CFSP (4).

I.   IMPLEMENTATION OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP

1.   Implementation of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP in national legislation or administrative rules

Member States shall apply the provisions of the Common Position, which is an updated and upgraded instrument compared to the EU Code of Conduct on arms exports, which it replaced in December 2008. The Common Position goes far beyond the Code of Conduct, including an extension of controls to brokering, transit transactions and intangible transfers of technologies, as well as strengthened procedures to harmonise Member States' export policies.

Member States are required to ensure full implementation of the Common Position in their national legislation or administrative rules. The situation regarding national transposition of the Common Position into Member States’ arms export control regimes is reported in the annexed Table C.

2.   User's Guide

The User's Guide is an essential instrument summarising agreed guidance for the implementation of the operative provisions of the Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, and the interpretation of its criteria.

Referred to in Article 13 of the Common Position, it has been developed by the Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) and is updated as appropriate. It is intended for use primarily by export licensing officials, thus substantially contributing, in a pragmatic way, to the convergence of Member States' arms export control policies and procedures. The Guide is a public document available on the website of the European External Action Service.

The User's Guide contains sections, inter alia, on the following issues:

(a)   Denial notifications and consultations

Denial notifications and bilateral consultations continue to take place via the EU's electronic coreu system on a daily basis. Information is circulated in a timely manner, ensuring transparency on the arms export policies of Member States vis-à-vis specific countries of final destination and end-users.

The denials notified, as well as the results of bilateral consultations, are included in a central electronic EU database of denials. The database, which is managed by the European External Action Service, is a dynamic system reflecting Member States' arms export control policies. The number of denials notified in 2010 are indicated in row (d) of the tables in Table A.I (annexed to this report) per destination and per military list category; the number of consultations issued and received by each Member State, and the number of consultations per destination can be found in Tables B.I and B.II respectively.

(b)   Best practice for interpretation of criteria

The best practices for interpretation of the criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP have been developed by the COARM working party, building on national best practices and taking into account input from other relevant stakeholders.

Their purpose is to achieve greater consistency among Member States in the application of the criteria of the Common Position. This is achieved by identifying factors that need to be considered when assessing export licence applications. The best practices are for the use by export licensing officials and other officials in government departments and agencies whose expertise inter alia in regional, legal (e.g. human rights law, public international law), technical, development as well as security and military related issues should inform the decision-making process.

3.   Outreach

Article 11 of the Common Position calls on Member States to ‘use their best endeavours to encourage other States, which export military technology or equipment to apply the criteria of the Common Position.’ Coordinated outreach activities by Member States and the EU continued throughout 2010 and 2011 to date (see Table D, annexed hereto).

Events in the context of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP of 22 December 2009 on support for EU activities in order to promote the control of arms exports and the principles and criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP among third countries

Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP allocated funds for five regional outreach seminars and four staff exchanges with third countries closely associated to the EU. Its technical implementation has been entrusted to the German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).

During 2010, three outreach seminars were organised in the context of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP. The first took place in Algiers in March 2010 for the North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia). The second seminar was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in June 2010 for the Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia). The third seminar was held in Kiev, Ukraine, in November 2010 for the Eastern European and Caucasian partners of the European Neighbourhood Policy (Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Georgia; Moldova and Ukraine).

In 2011, the fourth and fifth outreach seminars foreseen by Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP took place respectively in Podgorica, Montenegro, in May 2011 for the Western Balkan countries (Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia; the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Montenegro, and Serbia), and in Kiev, Ukraine, in November 2011, for the Eastern European and Caucasian partners of the European Neighbourhood Policy (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine).

As far as the staff exchanges foreseen by the Council Decision are concerned, Hungary hosted Croatian arms export control officers in June 2011, Portugal hosted relevant officers from the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and from Montenegro in October 2011, and arms export control personnel from the three EU candidate countries (Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro) was hosted by Poland in November 2011. These staff exchanges enabled officials from EU candidate countries to benefit from Member States’ experience regarding the implementation in day-to-day practice of, inter alia, arms exports-related customs issues, brokering and transit controls, reporting and transparency, exporters' internal compliance programmes, and the national implementation of international and EU sanctions. An additional and final staff exchange under the Council Decision will take place in the first quarter of 2012.

4.   Political dialogue meetings

Political dialogue meetings on arms export control issues were held in 2010 with Norway, Canada, Ukraine, the United States and the Russian Federation.

Generally held on a biannual basis with each of the abovementioned countries, those political dialogues enabled fruitful discussions on matters of mutual interest such as specific destinations of concern, compliance and control issues and the Arms Trade Treaty process. In the course of the meetings, the EU side, represented by the European External Action Service since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, also informed interlocutors on COARM priorities and activities since the previous meeting.

During 2011, the EU has also initiated a process to develop an information exchange mechanism that would allow EU Member States, the EEAS, and third countries aligning with the Common Position, to exchange relevant information concerning national arms export controls policies.

5.   Update of the Common Military List of the European Union

The Common Military List of the European Union has the status of a commitment in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. It is reproduced as the list of defence-related products annexed to Directive 2009/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 simplifying terms and conditions of transfers of defence-related products within the Community (5).

On 21 February 2011, the Council adopted an updated version of the list which takes into account changes in the Wassenaar Arrangement's Munitions List agreed at the 2010 Plenary meeting of the Wassenaar Arrangement. The updated version of the Common Military List of the European Union was published in the Official Journal of the European Union C 86 of 18 March 2011.

6.   Arms brokering

COARM agreed that the information sharing commitments set out in Council Common Position 2003/468/CFSP of 23 June 2003 on the control of arms brokering (6) should be implemented via the mechanism laid down in Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. In accordance with Article 5 of Common Position 2003/468/CFSP, Member States have put in place separate arrangements for the exchange of information on brokering licences granted and denied. Furthermore, in accordance with Articles 4 and 5 of Common Position 2003/468/CFSP, those Member States who have required brokers to obtain a written authorisation to act as brokers and/or have established a register of arms brokers, have put in place separate arrangements for the exchange of relevant information on registered brokers. Information on brokering licences granted and denied by EU Member States can be found in the annexed Table A.III.

Detailed information on national implementation of the Common Position on brokering or, for those Member States which have not yet fully implemented the Common Position, information on the state of play of their implementation, is provided in the annexed Table C.

7.   Intra-EU arms transfers

The European Parliament and the Council adopted on 6 May 2009 Directive 2009/43/EC simplifying terms and conditions of transfers of defence-related products within the Community.

The Directive provides that Member States shall adopt and publish, no later than 30 June 2011, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with it. Member States are bound to apply the adopted measures as from 30 June 2012. Since the adoption of the directive, Member States have held discussions in the context of a Commission-chaired committee on how best to address issues raised by the transposition of the Directive into their national legislation. Based on the input of this committee, the Commission adopted on 11 January 2011 Recommendation 2011/24/EU (7) on the certification of defence undertakings under Article 9 of Directive 2009/43/EC.

8.   Dialogue with the European Parliament and NGOs

COARM meetings with the Sub-Committee on Security and Defence have been suspended in 2010, pending the establishment of the European External Action Service. In the future, a new format may be decided for such meetings. It is expected that meetings will resume by the end of 2011.

As has been the practice for several years, COARM delegates from most EU Member States have attended informal meetings organised by non-governmental organisations (in particular Saferworld), at six-monthly intervals.

II.   ARMS TRADE TREATY (ATT)

1.   Engagement in the sessions of the Preparatory Committee

Achieving a legally binding and robust Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is among the top foreign policy priorities for the EU and its Member States. An ATT can make a substantial contribution to the regulation of the international trade in arms at the international level, making it more transparent and more responsible, through the establishment of common, high international standards. The relevant UN General Assembly Resolutions since 2006 were supported by all EU Member States.

Throughout 2010 and 2011 to date, the European Union and its Member States continued to closely support and participate in the ongoing UN-led Arms Trade Treaty process. In preparation to the sessions of the ATT Preparatory Committee (PrepCom), which have taken place to date (July 2010, February and July 2011), a dedicated sub-group of the COARM working group has met regularly to share views and coordinate positions, thereby allowing the EU and its Member States to continue to be very active and visible players in the ATT process. On the basis of EU coordinated positions, the EU and its Member States also held extensive consultations with third countries, and in particular major arms-manufacturing countries, and with the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee, Ambassador Garcia Moritàn.

2.   Outreach efforts in the context of Council Decision 2009/42/CFSP of 19 January 2009 and Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP of 14 June 2010 on EU activities in support of the Arms Trade Treaty

Since 2009, the EU has been particularly active in promoting the ATT process vis-à-vis third countries, and with the aim of increasing participation in the UN consultations and improving understanding by all UN Member States of the different elements of a future treaty. To this end, the EU adopted in 2009 and 2010 two Council Decisions that allowed for the organisation of several regional outreach events, in cooperation with the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR).

The implementation of Council Decision 2009/42/CFSP started in 2009 and was completed in February 2010 with the organisation of an outreach event for OSCE countries and of a final seminar for all UN Member States. Both events were held in Vienna and closed the series of six outreach seminars funded by Council Decision 2009/42/CFSP.

On the basis of the results achieved through the first series of outreach events, the EU decided to increase efforts to enhance participation in and better understanding of the ATT process. A new Council Decision was adopted to this end in June 2010, providing for the organisation of seven regional workshops focusing both on the political aspects of the Arms Trade Treaty and on the technical aspects of national arms export controls.

In 2010 and 2011, outreach seminars were held in Kathmandu, Nepal (December 2010) for South and Central Asia countries, in Casablanca, Morocco (February 2011) for Northern, Western and Central Africa countries, in Montevideo, Uruguay (April 2011) for American and Caribbean countries, in Bali, Indonesia (June 2011) for East Asia and Pacific countries. Side events were also organised in the margins of the ATT Preparatory Committee sessions, held in New York in July 2010 and in February and July 2011, and in the margins of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly First Committee in October 2011.

III.   PRIORITY GUIDELINES FOR COARM FOR THE NEAR FUTURE

With the adoption of the legally-binding Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, the fundamental elements of a common approach to the control of conventional arms exports by Member States have been identified. In spite of the progress represented by the adoption of the Common Position, there is still work to be done, especially in the areas which have not been addressed in the past, or where further work is necessary to consolidate and build on the results achieved.

The following are priority guidelines for the near future:

1.

to ensure that those Member States, which have not yet done so, adopt the appropriate national regulations or administrative rules to fully implement:

Common Position 2003/468/CFSP on the control of arms brokering,

Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment;

2.

to continue coordination at EU level and input into the negotiating process on the Arms Trade Treaty, providing expert contribution for the preparation of the February 2012 session of the Preparatory Committee and the July 2012 diplomatic conference mandated to negotiate the treaty;

3.

to continue to exchange among EU Member States relevant information on arms export policies towards particular destinations;

4.

to complete the implementation of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP, through the organisation of a staff exchange in 2012, and to undertake an assessment of the results achieved;

5.

to complete the implementation of Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP on EU activities in support of the Arms Trade Treaty, and to ensure the participation of COARM experts in outreach regional seminars;

6.

to continue to develop information and best practices exchanges with third countries aligned with Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, in consultations with relevant stakeholders;

7.

to renew the dialogue with the European Parliament and to further develop relations with civil society and industry;

8.

to start the preparatory process towards to the review of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, to be undertaken three years after its adoption, as foreseen in its Article 15;

9.

to start preparation for further COARM outreach activities to promote the principles and criteria of the Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, taking account the results of the assessment of the implementation of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP;

10.

to update as appropriate the User's Guide and EU Common Military List, including in the framework of the review process of the Common Position 2008/944/CFSP;

11.

to ensure the early finalisation and publishing of the 14th EU annual report on arms exports.


(1)  OJ L 335, 13.12.2008, p. 99.

(2)  OJ L 348, 29.12.2009, p. 16.

(3)  OJ L 17, 22.1.2009, p. 39.

(4)  OJ L 152, 18.6.2010, p. 14.

(5)  OJ L 146, 10.6.2009, p. 1.

(6)  OJ L 156, 25.6.2003, p. 79.

(7)  OJ L 11, 15.1.2011, p. 62.


ANNEX

The attached tables contain the following information:

A.I

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND LICENCE REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLD WIDE

A.II

TABLE SHOWING EXPORTS TO UNITED NATIONS-MANDATED OR OTHER INTERNATIONAL MISSIONS IN 2010

A.III

TABLE PROVIDING INFORMATION ON BROKERING LICENCES GRANTED AND DENIED PER MEMBER STATE

B.I

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS INITIATED AND TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS RECEIVED BY EACH MEMBER STATE IN 2010

B.II

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS FOR EACH DESTINATION CONCERNED IN 2010

C.

INFORMATION ON NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMON POSITION 2003/468/CFSP ON THE CONTROL OF ARMS BROKERING AND COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT

D.

TABLE OF OUTREACH ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY THE EU AND MEMBER STATES (1 JANUARY 2010 TO NOVEMBER 2011)

E.

TABLE SHOWING INTERNET ADDRESSES FOR NATIONAL REPORTS ON ARMS EXPORTS

Brief descriptions of EU Common Military List categories

(cf. OJ C 86 of 18 March 2011 for the full EU Common Military List)

ML1

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of less than 20 mm, other arms and automatic weapons with a calibre of 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches) or less and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML2

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of 20 mm or more, other weapons or armament with a calibre greater than 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches), projectors and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML3

Ammunition and fuse setting devices, and specially designed components therefor

ML4

Bombs, torpedoes, rockets, missiles, other explosive devices and charges and related equipment and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML5

Fire control, and related alerting and warning equipment, and related systems, test and alignment and countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML6

Ground vehicles and components.

ML7

Chemical or biological toxic agents, ‘riot control agents’, radioactive materials, related equipment, components and materials

ML8

‘Energetic materials’, and related substances

ML9

Vessels of war, (surface or underwater) special naval equipment, accessories, components and other surface vessels

ML10

‘Aircraft’, ‘lighter than air vehicles’, unmanned airborne vehicles, aero-engines and ‘aircraft’ equipment, related equipment and components, specially designed or modified for military use.

ML11

Electronic equipment, not specified elsewhere on the EU Common Military List, and specially designed components therefor

ML12

High velocity kinetic energy weapon systems and related equipment, and specially designed components therefor.

ML13

Armoured or protective equipment, constructions and components

ML14

Specialised equipment for military training or for simulating military scenarios, simulators specially designed for training in the use of any firearm or weapon specified by ML1 or ML2, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML15

Imaging or countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML16

Forgings, castings and other unfinished products the use of which in a specified product is identifiable by material composition, geometry or function, and which are specially designed for any products specified by ML1 to ML4, ML6, ML9, ML10, ML12 or ML19

ML17

Miscellaneous equipment, materials and ‘libraries’, and specially designed components therefor

ML18

Production equipment and components of products referred to in the EU Common Military List

ML19

Directed energy weapon systems (DEW), related or countermeasure equipment and test models, and specially designed components therefor

ML20

Cryogenic and ‘superconductive’ equipment, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML21

‘Software’ specially designed or modified for the ‘development’, ‘production’‘use’ of equipment or materials controlled by the EU Common Military List.

ML22

‘Technology’ for the ‘development’, ‘production’ or ‘use’ of items controlled in the EU Common Military List

TABLE A.I

Figures of Table A.I are broken down per Member State, and where possible per EU Common Military List category where (a) = number of licences issued; (b) = value of licences issued in euros; (c) = value of arms exports in euros (if available). (1)

Total EU licence refusals to each destination, region and world wide are provided, broken down by EU Common Military List category; (d) = number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML (2)); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets).

NB: Statistics are compiled differently by each Member State: no uniform standard is used. Consequently, owing to current procedures in the area of arms export reporting or data protection legislation, not all countries have been able to submit the same information (3).

It is important to note that row (c) of Table A.I is the total of the actual exports by those countries which submitted these data. Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Greece, Ireland and the United Kingdom could not supply these data; therefore row(c) of the EU total does not reflect total EU actual exports.

Sweden has reported total values only for rows (b) and (c). France and Italy have reported total values only for row (c).

It is important to bear in mind that exports to destinations subject to EU arms embargoes comply with the terms, conditions and possible exceptions set out in the decisions imposing such embargoes. The full list and details of embargoes is available at: http://eeas.europa.eu/cfsp/sanctions/docs/measures_en.pdf

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLDWIDE

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER (NON-EMBARGOED) DESTINATION

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION (WHEN DESTINATION IS SUBJECT TO AN EU ARMS EMBARGO)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER REGION:

Central America and the Caribbean

(Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago)

Central Asia

(Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)

European Union

(Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark; Denmark (Greenland), Denmark (Faeroes), Estonia, Finland, France, France (French Polynesia), France (Mayotte), France (New Caledonia), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Netherlands (Aruba), Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles), Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United Kingdom (Bermuda), United Kingdom (Cayman Islands), United Kingdom (Channel Islands), United Kingdom (Gibraltar), United Kingdom (St Helena), United Kingdom (Turcs and Caicos Islands)

Middle East

(Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestinian controlled territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)

North Africa

(Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)

North America

(Canada, United States)

North East Asia

(China (Mainland), China (Hong Kong), China (Macao), Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of), Korea (Republic of), Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan)

Oceania

(Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Fed. States of), Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)

Other European Countries

(Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Holy See, Iceland, Liechtenstein, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244/99); Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Russian Federation, Serbia, St Marino, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine)

South America

(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela)

South Asia

(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)

South East Asia

(Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, Vietnam)

Sub-Saharan Africa

(Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Republic of), Congo (Democratic Republic of), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS WORLD WIDE

EU ARMS EXPORTS PER DESTINATION IN 2010

Key: (a) = number of licences issued, (b) = value of licences issued in Euros, (c) = value of arms exports in Euros (if available) (d) = total EU number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets)

ALBANIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 4

ML 6

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 17

TOTAL per destination

Bulgaria

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

1 950

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 950

c

 

1 950

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 950

Finland

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

49 600

 

 

 

 

 

 

49 600

c

 

53 450

 

 

 

 

 

 

53 450

France

a

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

2 400 000

 

 

 

 

2 400 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

64 969

1 556 754

1 621 723

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

1

2

 

 

2

 

 

 

5

b

5 000

485 451

 

 

2 663 205

 

 

 

3 153 655

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

687 484

United Kingdom

a

 

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

b

 

 

7 009

 

 

3 101

 

 

10 110

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

4

1

2

2

2

1

1

14

b

5 000

537 001

7 009

2 400 000

2 663 205

3 101

64 969

1 556 754

7 237 038

c

 

55 400

 

 

 

 

 

 

742 884

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ALGERIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

Austria

a

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

55 708

 

 

 

 

1 904 000

 

 

 

c

55 708

 

 

 

 

1 904 000

 

 

 

Belgium

a

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

71 350

151 500

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

1

3

3

5

1

4

 

 

 

b

23 962

280 956

24 317 135

12 611 847

72 031

6 587 095

 

 

 

c

672 727

907 528

10 312 065

8 973 770

72 031

6 274 169

 

 

121 908

Czech Republic

a

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

5

 

b

 

 

306 963

 

 

9 781 490

 

13 473 172

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

7 297 346

 

1 663 877

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

3

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

40 202 356

300 203

1 489 957

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

 

 

 

1

7

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

3 404

10 304 349

 

 

368 360

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

6

4

b

1 252 491

 

 

 

 

10 368 000

 

288 388 053

332 737

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

793 788

140 650

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18 624

158 929

Poland

a

 

1

 

1

2

5

 

7

2

b

 

19 383

 

1 477

1 394 195

3 401 483

 

23 103 117

60 911

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

3 825 137

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 116 626

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

6

 

b

 

 

 

6 690

 

 

 

295 378 150

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

3

4

5

9

6

21

7

28

14

b

1 332 161

300 339

24 624 098

12 691 364

1 621 130

46 171 553

40 202 356

621 436 483

2 392 615

c

728 435

907 528

10 312 065

8 973 770

72 031

15 475 515

 

4 799 127

280 837

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 12

ML 14

ML 15

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

5

 

 

7

b

 

 

 

332 872

 

 

2 292 580

c

 

 

 

329 987

 

 

2 289 695

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

222 850

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

43 893 025

c

180 536

 

 

 

 

 

27 514 735

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

23 561 625

c

 

 

 

 

 

1

8 961 224

France

a

 

 

15

 

1

1

31

b

 

 

51 206 764

 

11 357

11 357

93 221 994

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

62 100 662

Germany

a

 

1

1

 

 

 

12

b

 

1 100 000

8 060 330

 

 

 

19 836 443

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

4

 

 

 

16

b

 

 

42 745 861

 

 

 

343 087 142

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 656

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

934 438

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

177 553

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

27 980 566

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

7 216 000

 

 

 

 

11 041 137

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 116 626

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

69 890 678

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 669 031

United Kingdom

a

 

112

 

 

 

2

122

b

 

1 623 917

 

 

 

1 100

297 009 857

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

 

114

20

5

1

3

240

b

 

9 939 917

102 012 955

332 872

11 357

12 457

932 972 335

c

180 536

 

 

329 987

 

1

105 856 182

d

 

 

1

1

 

 

2

e

 

 

2(1)

7(1)

 

 

2(1); 7(1)


ANDORRA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 4

ML 6

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

1

2

1

 

4

b

13 089

13 545

13 421

 

40 055

c

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

1 955

Germany

a

36

6

 

1

43

b

179 066

61 880

 

55 400

296 346

c

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

42 837

Spain

a

13

3

 

 

16

b

83 252

8 000

 

 

91 252

c

17 753

10 453

 

 

28 206

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

10 610

TOTAL PER ML category

a

50

11

1

1

63

b

275 407

83 425

13 421

55 400

427 653

c

17 753

10 453

 

 

83 608

d

3

1

 

 

4

e

7(3)

7(1)

 

 

7 (4)


ANGOLA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 4

ML 6

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 15

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

1 032 266

 

 

 

 

 

1 032 266

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

1

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

24 867 910

 

117 089

9 685

24 994 685

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

1

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

615

 

 

1 084 350

 

 

 

 

 

1 084 965

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

152 315

 

 

 

 

152 315

c

 

 

 

 

152 315

 

 

 

 

152 315

Slovakia

a

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

66 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

66 000

c

 

 

104

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

Spain

a

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

9 544

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 582

c

9 544

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 582

United Kingdom

a

 

 

2

17

 

 

1

 

 

20

b

 

 

540 375

429 756

 

 

165 000

 

 

1 135 131

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

4

1

4

21

2

2

1

1

1

37

b

10 159

38

606 375

2 546 373

152 315

24 867 910

165 000

117 089

9 685

28 474 945

c

9 544

38

104

 

152 315

 

 

 

 

162 001

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

2

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2(1) 6(1)

7(1) 8(1)

 

2(1) 6(1)

7(1) 8(1)


ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

 

 

ML 3

TOTAL per destination

United Kingdom

a

5

5

b

29 040

29 040

c

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

5

5

b

29 040

29 040

c

 

 

d

 

 

e

 

 


ARGENTINA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 15

ML 17

ML 18

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

15

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

b

1 061 500

 

 

 

 

681

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 062 181

c

973 356

 

 

 

 

681

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

974 037

Belgium

a

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

4

b

500 000

 

3 690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

350 059

 

 

853 749

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

118 554

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

118 554

c

 

 

277 554

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

277 554

Finland

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

70 900

 

 

 

 

 

31 750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

102 650

c

9 895

 

 

 

 

 

42 957

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52 852

France

a

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

18

 

2

 

 

22

b

 

 

2 678

 

 

4 296

 

 

 

3 534 798

 

509 860

 

 

4 051 632

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 436 473

Germany

a

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

4

 

3

 

2

2

26

b

23 224

 

 

 

 

 

 

853

245 590

 

272 678

 

39 194

307 923

889 462

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

3

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

 

 

7

b

 

176 833

 

2 120

 

 

 

 

10 912

364 033

23 307

 

 

 

577 205

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 721 728

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

244 135

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

244 135

c

 

 

 

 

142 522

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

142 522

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 943

 

 

 

 

7 943

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 943

 

 

 

 

7 943

Spain

a

8

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

11

b

11 495

 

1 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12 495

c

19 618

 

1 000

127 500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

148 118

Sweden

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

42 439

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

212 197

United Kingdom

a

48

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

8

3

 

 

 

 

71

b

232 369

 

 

 

15 860

 

 

 

174 663

108 628

 

 

 

 

531 519

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

79

3

5

1

17

2

2

9

13

23

4

6

2

2

168

b

1 899 488

176 833

125 922

2 120

259 995

4 977

31 750

853

431 165

4 015 402

295 985

859 919

39 194

307 923

8 493 963

c

1 002 869

 

278 554

127 500

142 522

681

42 957

 

 

7 943

 

 

 

 

7 973 424

d

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 (4)

e

7(1)

 

7(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7(3)


ARMENIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

1

 

1

b

18 650

 

18 650

c

18 650

 

18 650

Italy

a

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

c

 

 

940

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

 

1

b

18 650

 

18 650

c

18 650

 

19 590

d

4

1

5

e

1(4) 7(3)

1(1)

1(5) 7(3)


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

Austria

a

34

2

1

1

1

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

1 203 645

12 000

1 000

1 043 784

49 400

97 967 934

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

428 286

12 000

1 000

626 859

49 400

26 654 365

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

a

10

4

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

10 057 683

883 730

12 845

 

 

 

 

 

73 810

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

3

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

58 227

2 061

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

7 936

1 441

 

280

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

b

16 395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 496 405

22 576

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

4

 

2

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

2

b

630 212

 

804 502

 

 

 

26 676

 

 

 

 

29 205

c

1 777

 

65 199

 

 

 

6 985

 

 

 

81 960

 

France

a

10

2

 

19

16

1

1

 

6

35

11

3

b

2 261 459

2 104 794

 

51 108 699

4 476 029

25 228

13 118

 

35 197 917

763 367 260

12 770 824

8 775 316

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

242

3

23

 

4

36

7

8

29

20

27

 

b

1 721 221

74 968

3 064 606

 

779 427

8 226 267

444

1 544

1 744 306

1 644 725

795 915

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

3

 

 

 

4

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

13 600

 

 

 

1 574 492

6 905

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

1

 

7

 

 

 

 

7

6

1

 

b

 

13 100

 

31 903 125

 

 

 

 

438 856

43 026 583

1 649 370

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latvia

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

2 585

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

2 585

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

1

 

 

1

 

2

 

 

 

1

2

 

b

1 650

 

 

600 000

 

32 760

 

 

 

775 000

180 000

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

32 760

 

 

 

586 475

96 000

 

Romania

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

3 259

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

3 259

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

17 496

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

8 748

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

2

2

 

b

6 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 800 000

305 037 500

20 039 324

 

c

6 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17 860 000

6 744 243

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

3

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

213

6

35

25

3

38

35

3

164

34

46

4

b

833 451

8 030

14 917

2 449 618

99 000

5 301 687

1 210 226

120

761 428

1 047 720

70 453

963

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

527

19

65

55

29

93

52

11

212

98

93

11

b

16 809 787

3 098 683

3 897 870

87 105 226

6 978 348

111 578 276

1 250 465

1 664

49 016 316

1 114 898 788

38 002 291

8 828 059

c

450 243

13 441

66 199

627 139

49 400

26 695 873

6 985

 

17 860 000

7 330 718

177 960

 

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

54

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 000

100 287 763

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27 771 910

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 028 068

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60 288

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 657

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

8

b

 

 

 

 

 

22 442

 

2 557 818

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 490 595

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

155 921

France

a

2

18

 

2

 

6

5

137

b

5 031 610

10 081 541

 

18 164

 

1 702 622

341 434

897 276 015

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

157 522 554

Germany

a

 

2

8

5

14

4

5

437

b

 

10 063

242 535

356 422

82 658

6 470

166 830

18 918 401

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

2

b

 

3 033

 

 

 

400 128

 

403 161

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 594 997

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

24

b

 

 

 

 

 

1 200 942

1 347 811

79 579 786

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 809 376

Latvia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 585

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 585

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 589 410

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

715 235

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 259

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 259

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17 496

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 748

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

335 882 924

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 610 343

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 243 941

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27 055 129

United Kingdom

a

4

2

 

1

34

49

34

730

b

3 835

118 800

 

262 900

546 312

485 533

753 445

13 968 437

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

6

23

8

8

49

62

46

1 467

b

5 035 445

10 213 437

242 535

637 486

628 970

3 818 137

2 619 520

1 468 905 244

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

240 665 017

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

Belgium

a

18

 

1

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

b

2 420 606

 

57 190

 

 

 

 

97 094

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

35 339

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

35 339

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

3

 

1

6

2

 

 

 

4

 

2

b

 

 

2 530 645

 

 

132 400 039

201 086

 

 

 

1 226

 

 

c

 

 

14 093 257

7 127 882

824 860

4 016 870

169 707

 

 

 

1 689 149

 

1 485 455

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

b

1 054

 

237 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

113 205

 

c

 

 

7 638

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

3

1

1

4

2

1

 

2

1

 

3

 

 

b

20 243

52 800

741 669

140 064

21 524

26 299 766

 

13 400

272 196

 

6 780

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

2

3

21

6

9

268

1

 

2

25

16

 

1

b

2 969

28 380

1 943 358

113 961

51 939

68 802 558

20 610

 

2 157

745 658

3 847 362

 

3 016

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

8 286

 

 

 

69 785

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

1

1

 

5

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

b

5 880

32 046

 

5 680 000

 

 

 

650 000

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

570 561

 

 

 

47 960

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

1

4

 

 

 

 

24

3

 

 

b

 

 

 

557 619

2 620 985

 

 

 

 

8 668 090

1 191 332

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latvia

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

8 699

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

7 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

3

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

8 817

 

 

14 772

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

8

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

361 746

 

 

 

 

534 058

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

146 889

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

245 238

 

 

 

241 188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

63 502

 

 

 

728 228

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

7

 

1

1

 

5

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

b

3 770

 

1 155 000

11 780

 

148 427

 

 

 

1 093 684

 

 

 

c

3 770

 

2 284 951

11 780

 

169 205

 

 

 

52 739

 

 

 

Sweden

a

2

 

3

 

 

 

 

8

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

64

 

 

 

22

18

22

 

 

4

45

 

3

b

513 324

 

 

 

103 483

1 033 556

162 712

 

 

1 182 308

1 060 284

 

1 786

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

118

7

31

18

38

301

25

18

3

57

71

4

6

b

3 382 447

366 750

6 664 862

6 518 197

2 797 932

229 529 377

384 408

760 494

274 353

11 689 740

6 106 984

113 205

4 802

c

193 098

63 502

16 385 846

7 710 223

824 860

4 914 303

169 707

47 960

 

52 739

1 689 149

 

1 485 455

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 574 890

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

35 339

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

35 339

Czech Republic

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

20

b

3 724 794

 

 

 

 

 

138 857 790

c

274 102

 

332 074

 

 

1 334 596

31 347 952

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

13 438

 

13 438

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

351 259

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 638

France

a

3

 

 

 

 

1

22

b

232 824

 

 

 

 

9 000

27 810 268

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 228 871

Germany

a

2

5

47

65

2

22

497

b

48 970

57 227

1 764 636

275 716

 

1 484 134

79 192 651

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

19 670

 

 

 

 

 

97 741

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 367 926

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

618 521

Italy

a

 

3

 

 

 

 

35

b

 

110 795

 

 

 

 

13 148 822

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

494 317

Latvia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 699

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 100

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

23 589

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

895 804

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

146 889

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

486 426

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

791 730

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 412 661

c

801 378

 

 

 

 

 

3 323 823

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 379 281

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 957 391

United Kingdom

a

2

 

 

 

3

10

193

b

88 000

 

 

 

10 142

9 189

4 164 784

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

10

8

47

65

6

33

866

b

4 114 258

168 022

1 764 636

275 716

23 580

1 502 323

277 821 367

c

1 075 480

 

332 074

 

 

1 334 596

47 959 571

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AZERBAIJAN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 4

ML 6

ML 8

ML 10

ML 11

ML 17

ML 18

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

59 674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59 674

c

41 026

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

41 026

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

1

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

4 131 191

 

341 980

449 912

 

4 923 083

c

 

 

 

 

 

2 514 725

 

157 419

444 558

 

3 116 702

Germany

a

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

1 180 668

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 180 668

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 625

Poland

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

b

 

 

 

75 834

 

 

 

 

 

1 000 000

1 075 834

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

1

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

4

1

8

b

24 138

113 148

 

 

 

 

4 299 615

 

642 768

756 225

5 835 894

c

24 138

113 148

 

 

 

 

2 705 265

 

 

 

2 842 551

Slovakia

a

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

27 341

150 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

177 341

c

 

 

27 341

150 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

177 341

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 610

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

4

1

1

4

1

2

1

1

5

2

22

b

83 812

113 148

27 341

1 406 502

 

4 131 191

4 299 615

341 980

1 092 680

1 756 225

13 263 104

c

65 164

113 148

27 341

150 000

 

2 514 725

2 705 265

157 419

444 558

 

6 209 245

d

1

1

 

1

 

2

4

 

 

 

9

e

1(1)

1(1) 4(1)

 

1(1)

 

1(2) 4(1)

1(2) 2(1) 4(1) 5(1)

 

 

 

1(7) 2(1) 4(3) 5(1)


BAHRAIN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

Austria

a

2

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

299

 

297 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

154

 

297 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

a

3

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

857 488

 

4 278 966

 

 

1 543 750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

872 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

2

 

 

1

8

2

 

 

 

2

1

1

7

b

1 067

 

 

8 126 063

1 966 280

5 334

 

 

 

533 416

48 007

1 184 184

4 469 275

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

7

 

4

 

 

 

 

3

2

1

 

 

 

b

315 608

 

142 008

 

 

 

 

14 949 186

1 014 358

2 720

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

204 853

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

6 369 775

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

40 690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

53

82

36

25

3

1

14

 

24

5

 

 

1

b

817 185

1 764 400

82 517

1 271 911

349 961

498 038

8 616

 

102 817

263 406

 

 

44 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

68

89

44

28

11

5

14

3

26

8

1

2

9

b

2 863 647

1 969 253

4 800 491

15 767 749

2 316 241

2 047 122

8 616

14 949 186

1 117 175

799 542

48 007

1 184 184

4 513 275

c

154

 

297 000

40 690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

4

b

 

 

297 299

c

 

 

297 154

Belgium

a

 

 

6

b

 

 

6 680 204

c

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

1

b

 

 

872 000

c

 

 

 

France

a

 

2

26

b

 

1 946 969

18 280 596

c

 

 

9 773 909

Germany

a

 

2

19

b

 

760

16 424 640

c

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

5

b

 

 

204 853

c

 

 

11 806

Spain

a

 

 

3

b

 

 

6 369 775

c

 

 

40 690

Sweden

a

 

 

3

b

 

 

1 591 478

c

 

 

3 289 055

United Kingdom

a

1

3

248

b

110

14 989

5 217 950

c

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

7

316

b

110

1 962 718

55 938 795

c

 

 

13 412 613

d

 

 

 

e

 

 

 


BAHAMAS

 

 

ML 9

TOTAL per destination

Italy

a

 

 

b

 

 

c

 

10 387

United Kingdom

a

2

2

b

18 876

18 876

c

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

2

2

b

18 876

18 876

c

 

10 387

d

 

 

e

 

 


BANGLADESH

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

425 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

425 000

Czech Republic

a

5

 

1

 

 

 

20

3

 

 

 

 

 

29

b

989 128

 

49 427

 

 

 

1 541 969

17 531

 

 

 

 

 

2 598 055

c

874 556

 

54 335

 

 

 

509 569

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 438 460

Germany

a

 

 

2

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

5

b

 

 

6 737

 

 

34 873

15 360

 

 

 

520

 

 

57 490

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

154 685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

154 685

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46 198

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

82 826

 

 

 

 

 

 

82 826

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

453 015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

453 015

c

 

 

 

 

45 495

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45 495

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

683 047

 

 

 

 

 

 

683 047

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 618 089

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 618 089

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

89 010

 

 

 

 

 

 

89 010

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

179 998

 

 

 

 

 

21 687

201 685

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

145 627

 

 

 

 

 

17 851

163 478

Spain

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

749 315

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

749 315

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

33

2

4

 

82

11

 

6

3

 

2

 

143

b

 

319 015

77 680

1 367 190

 

8 066 828

1 028 627

 

143 000

102 702

 

 

 

11 105 040

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

5

34

5

5

2

83

43

3

6

3

1

2

1

193

b

989 128

473 700

133 844

2 116 505

453 015

8 101 701

6 149 916

17 531

143 000

102 702

520

 

21 687

18 703 247

c

874 556

 

479 335

 

45 495

 

744 206

 

 

 

 

 

17 851

2 207 641

d

3

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

e

2(3) 7(1)

 

2(2) 7(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2(5) 7(3)


BARBADOS

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

2

 

 

2

b

50 986

 

 

50 986

c

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

3

3

b

 

 

59 000

59 000

c

 

 

40 500

40 500

United Kingdom

a

8

2

 

10

b

41 706

24 200

 

65 906

c

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

10

2

3

15

b

92 692

24 200

59 000

175 892

c

 

 

40 500

40 500

d

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 


BELARUS

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 4

ML 8

ML 10

ML 13

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

4

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

58 928

 

 

 

 

 

58 928

c

4 952

 

 

 

 

 

4 952

Bulgaria

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

10 599

 

 

 

10 599

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estonia

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

959

 

 

 

 

 

959

c

959

 

 

 

 

 

959

Germany

a

26

17

 

1

 

 

44

b

111 180

91 277

 

156

 

 

202 613

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

33 642

Latvia

a

 

 

 

 

13

 

13

b

 

 

 

 

303 278

 

303 278

c

 

 

 

 

303 278

 

303 278

Lithuania

a

3

1

 

 

 

 

4

b

51 792

5 061

 

 

 

 

56 853

c

51 792

5 061

 

 

 

 

56 853

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

36 937

 

36 937

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

6

 

 

 

 

 

6

b

182 600

 

 

 

 

 

182 600

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

40

18

1

1

14

 

74

b

405 459

96 338

10 599

156

340 215

 

852 767

c

57 703

5 061

 

 

303 278

 

399 684

d

3

1

 

 

 

1

5

e

2(3)

7(1)

 

 

 

2(1)

2(4) 7(1)


BELGIUM

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

Austria

a

1

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

2 500

 

681 820

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

2 500

 

681 820

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

1

 

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

529

 

7 650

135 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

5 800

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

6

1

4

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

49 114

4 350

1 168 449

16 954

 

 

 

1 586 715

 

 

 

 

 

c

53 665

3 698

719 202

 

 

 

 

1 011 122

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

2

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 297 655

 

262 581

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

3

 

b

 

 

237 000

 

 

 

7 306

 

 

 

 

379 205

 

c

146 705

 

17 255

 

 

 

2 525

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

7

5

7

22

8

6

3

2

1

22

14

7

2

b

736 363

445 459

829 550

1 773 744

1 962 652

858 077

312 096

130 234

115 894

6 493 526

11 951 749

4 104 210

741 785

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

40

2

25

3

13

153

5

 

 

5

51

 

 

b

179 773

790

1 091 228

11 464

264 656

7 078 809

344

 

 

697 299

6 626 710

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

2

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

123 774

 

4 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

5 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

16

 

11

5

 

2

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

b

2 007 453

 

1 405 367

225 619

 

6 524 313

 

 

 

 

180 239

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

200