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Document 52011XG0113(01)

Twelfth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment

OJ C 9, 13.1.2011, p. 1–417 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

13.1.2011   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 9/1


TWELFTH ANNUAL REPORT ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 8(2) OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES GOVERNING CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT

(2011/C 9/01)

INTRODUCTION

Throughout 2009 and 2010 European Union Member States have continued to work on the introduction into their national legislation of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP (1) defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment, which replaces the Code of Conduct on arms exports in force since June 1998.

The following third States have officially aligned themselves with the criteria and principles of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Norway.

Several Decisions on funding outreach activities in the area of arms export controls were adopted by the Council in 2009 and 2010, i.e.:

Council Decision 2009/42/CFSP of 19 January 2009 on support for EU activities in order to promote among third countries the process leading towards an Arms Trade Treaty, in the framework of the European Security Strategy (2),

Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP of 22 December 2009 on support for EU activities in order to promote the control of arms exports and the principles and criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP among third countries (3),

Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP of 14 June 2010 on EU activities in support of the Arms Trade Treaty, in the framework of the European Security Strategy (4).

I.   IMPLEMENTATION OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP

1.   Introduction of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP into national legislations

Member States shall apply the provisions of the Common Position, which is an updated and upgraded instrument with respect to the EU Code of Conduct on arms exports which it replaced in December 2008. The Common Position goes far beyond the Code of Conduct, including an extension of controls to brokering, transits and intangible transfers of technologies, as well as strengthened procedures to harmonise Member States’ export policies.

For some Member States there is a need to adjust national legislation or administrative rules in order to ensure that the provisions of the Common Position are clearly and fully encompassed in national law. Such transposition into national legislation or administrative rules has been completed or is underway. The state of play regarding transposition of the Common Position into Member States’ national legislations can be seen in the annexed Table C.

2.   User's Guide

The User's Guide is an essential tool summarising agreed guidance for the implementation of the operative provisions of the Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, and the interpretation of the criteria.

Referred to in Article 13 of the Common Position, it is updated by the Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) as appropriate. It is intended for use primarily by export licensing officials, thus substantially contributing, in a pragmatic way, to the convergence of Member States’ arms export control policies and procedures. This is a public document available on the European Union Council website (http://www.consilium.europa.eu/export-controls).

The User's Guide contains sections, inter alia, on the following issues:

(a)   Denial notifications and consultations

Denial notifications and bilateral consultations continue to take place via the EU's electronic coreu system on a daily basis; information is circulated in a clear and timely manner, ensuring transparency on the arms export policies of Member States vis-à-vis specific countries of final destination and specific end-users.

The denials notified, as well as the results of bilateral consultations, are included in a central electronic EU database of denials. The database, which is managed by the EU Council Secretariat, is a dynamic system reflecting Member States’ arms exports control policies. The number of denials per destination and per military list category notified in 2009 are indicated in row (d) of the tables in Table AI (annexed hereto); the number of consultations issued and received by each Member State, and the number of consultations per destination can be found in Tables BI and BII respectively.

(b)   Best practices for interpretation of criteria

The purpose of best practices for interpretation of the criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP is to achieve greater consistency among Member States in the application of the criteria of the Common Position. This is done by identifying factors that need to be considered when assessing export licence applications. The best practices are for the use of export licensing officials and other officials in government departments and agencies whose expertise inter alia in regional, legal (e.g. human rights law, public international law), technical, development as well as security and military related questions should inform the decision-making process.

3.   Outreach

Article 11 of the Common Position calls on Member States to use their best endeavours to encourage other States which export military technology or equipment to apply the criteria of the Common Position. Coordinated outreach activities by Member States and the EU continued throughout 2009 and 2010 to date (see Table D, annexed hereto).

(a)   Events in the context of Council Joint Action 2008/230/CFSP (5) to promote the principles and criteria of the EU Code of Conduct among third countries

The last three outreach events in the context of Council Joint Action 2008/230/CFSP of 17 March 2008 were organised under the responsibility of the rotating Presidency. These events were held in April 2009 in Kiev for the representatives of governmental institutions as well as industry of Ukraine; in May 2009 in Tirana, Albania, for national experts of Western Balkan countries under the Czech Presidency, and in Tbilisi, Georgia, in October 2009 for Eastern European and Caucasian countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Moldova) under the Swedish Presidency. Belarus was invited to this last seminar but did not attend. However a bilateral meeting was held in Minsk in November 2009 to share the workshop’s experiences with Belarus.

The final report on all five events held in the context of Joint Action 2008/230/CFSP is set out in doc. 17645/09.

(b)   Events in the context of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP on support for EU activities in order to promote the control of arms exports and the principles and criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP among third countries

An extended mechanism for five new outreach seminars and four one month staff exchanges in support for EU activities in order to promote the control of arms exports and the principles and criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP among third countries was agreed on 22 December 2009 in Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP.

Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP was the first decision on arms export control outreach activities to be adopted after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. It designates the German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) as the technical implementing agency.

During the first semester of 2010, Spain, acting under the authority of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, chaired the COARM Working Party. During Spain's chairmanship, two outreach seminars were organised in the context of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP. The first took place in Algiers in March 2010 for the North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia) (6). The second seminar under the chairmanship of Spain was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in June 2010 for the Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia) (7). The third seminar took place in Kiev, Ukraine, in November 2010 for the Eastern European and Caucasian partners of the European Neighbourhood Policy (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine).

Two other seminars will be organised under Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP in 2011.

(c)   Events in the context of Council Decision 2009/42/CFSP of 19 January 2009 on support for EU activities in order to promote among third countries the process leading towards an Arms Trade Treaty, in the framework of the European Security Strategy

The EU actively participated in all seven outreach seminars to promote the ATT process among third countries, organised in the context of Council Decision 2009/42/CFSP, with the assistance of UNIDIR as the implementing agency. The seminars, covering all regions of the world, took place as follows: in April 2009 for Central, Northern and Western African countries in Dakar, Senegal; in June 2009 for countries of the Americas and the Caribbean in Mexico City, Mexico; in July 2009 for Middle East countries in Amman, Jordan; in October 2009 for countries of Asia and the Pacific in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; in December 2009 for Eastern and Southern African countries in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and finally, in February 2010, for OSCE countries and the closing seminar in Vienna, Austria.

In autumn 2009, the EU commenced preparations for the adoption of a new Council Decision in support of the Arms Trade Treaty, in order to continue its outreach activities accompanying the formal negotiating process set out by the UN General Assembly Resolution on the Arms Trade Treaty adopted in December 2009. The new Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP was adopted on 14 June 2010 and foresees the organisation of seven regional workshop focusing on the political aspects of the Arms Trade Treaty and on the technical aspects of national export control systems for conventional arms.

4.   Political dialogue meetings

Upon entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, the ‘troika’ format for meetings with third countries became obsolete and meetings between the EU and third countries at various levels are now referred to as political dialogue meetings.

Under the Czech and Swedish Presidencies during the first and second semesters of 2009 respectively, in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union, COARM troika meetings were held with Canada, Norway, the Russian Federation, Ukraine and the United States.

Under Spain's chairmanship of COARM, political dialogue meetings were held with the same countries. Fruitful discussions took place with these countries on arms export controls in general and Common Position 2008/944/CFSP in particular. During the course of the meetings, the EU side informed interlocutors on COARM priorities and activities since the previous meeting. Matters of mutual interest were also discussed, such as arms exports, compliance and control issues and the Arms Trade Treaty project.

During the troikas and political dialogue meetings with Norway, information on each side's denials was shared in accordance with an agreement reached with Norway in November 2004. The EU side continues to hand over the aggregate list of Member States’ denials four times per year, as agreed in 2007. Regular exchanges of denials reduce the risk of Norway inadvertently undercutting EU denials.

5.   Updating of the Common Military List of the European Union

The Common Military List of the European Union has the status of a commitment in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. It is reflected in the list of defence-related products annexed to Directive 2009/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 simplifying terms and conditions of transfers of defence-related products within the Community (8).

On 15 February 2010, the Council adopted an updated version of the list which takes into account changes in the Wassenaar Arrangement’s Munitions List agreed at the 2009 Plenary meeting of the Wassenaar Arrangement. The updated version of the Common Military List of the European Union was published in Official Journal of the European Union C 69 of 18 March 2010 and is available on the Council website: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/export-controls

6.   Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)

Throughout 2009 and 2010 to date Member States continued to support and follow developments related to the Arms Trade Treaty closely. They have continued to share views and information on efforts to encourage all United Nations member states to support the concept of an Arms Trade Treaty.

At the 64th session of the UN General Assembly First Committee and during the March and July 2009 sessions of the Open-ended Working Group established by Resolution 63/240, Member States actively participated in the debate, substantially contributing to the thematic expert discussions on the content of a future ATT. All EU Member States voted in favour of UN General Assembly Resolution on the Arms Trade Treaty 64/48 that foresees the convening of an International Conference to adopt an Arms Trade Treaty in 2012. The International Conference will be preceded by a Preparatory Committee to meet five times between 2010 and 2012. The Resolution 64/48 was supported by 153 UN Member States, while 19 abstained and one voting against.

With a view to the first session of the Preparatory Committee on the ATT (from 12 to 23 July 2010 in New York), the EU focused its work in the first half of 2010 on internal coordination and extensive consultations with third countries, as well as with the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee, Ambassador Garcia Moritàn.

7.   Arms brokering

COARM has agreed that the information sharing commitments set out in Common Position 2003/468/CFSP of 23 June 2003 on the control of arms brokering should be implemented via the mechanism laid down in Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. In accordance with Article 5 of Council Common Position 2003/468/CFSP (9), Member States have put in place separate arrangements for the exchange of information regarding registered brokers and denials of applications to register, which operates on a mandatory basis only for those Member States whose legislation requires brokers to obtain written authorisation to act as brokers. Member States further agreed to exchange among themselves information on brokering licences granted. Information on brokering licences granted and denied by the EU Member States can be found in the annexed table AIII.

Detailed information on national legislation implementing the Common Position on brokering or, for those Member States which have not yet fully implemented the Common Position, information on the state of play of their implementation is provided in the annexed Table C.

8.   Intra-EU transfers

Directive 2009/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council simplifying terms and conditions of transfers of defence-related products within the Community was adopted on 6 May 2009.

The Directive provides that Member States shall adopt and publish, no later than 30 June 2011, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive. Member States are bound to apply the adopted measures as from 30 June 2012. Since the adoption of the Directive, Member States have held discussions in the context of a Commission-chaired committee on how best to address issues raised by the transposition of the Directive into their national legislation.

II.   STATE OF PLAY CONCERNING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OTHER PRIORITY MEASURES IDENTIFIED IN THE ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT

1.   Harmonisation of national reports

Although differences in national reporting still remain, further steps have been taken to enhance the harmonisation of reporting procedures and to achieve fully comparable statistical data, in particular regarding the value of actual arms exports.

2.   Dialogue with the European Parliament and NGOs

Pursuant to the agreement reached at the December 2005 COARM meeting that each Presidency should endeavour to meet the Security and Defence Sub-Committee of the European Parliament Foreign Affairs Committee to brief the Sub-Committee on COARM activities, the COARM Chair met with the Security and Defence Sub-Committee in Brussels on 16 March 2009. The open exchange of views and very practical, concrete questions raised at the meeting demonstrated the importance of and need for such transparent and confidence-building dialogue with the European Parliament on a biannual basis. Members of the European Parliament especially welcomed the adoption of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment and the active role that EU Member States play in preparation of the Arms Trade Treaty.

In view of the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2009, COARM meetings with the Sub-Committee on Security and Defence have been suspended, pending the setting up of the European External Action Service, further to which a new format may be decided for such meetings.

As has been the practice for several years, COARM delegates from most EU Member States have attended informal meetings organised by non-governmental organisations (in particular Saferworld), at six-monthly intervals.

III.   PRIORITY GUIDELINES FOR COARM FOR THE NEAR FUTURE

The approval of the legally-binding Common Position has shown that the fundamental elements of a common approach to the control of conventional arms exports by Member States are well and truly in place. In spite of the progress, there is still work to be done, especially in the areas which have not been addressed in the past, or where further work is necessary to consolidate and build on the results achieved.

The following are priority guidelines that for the near future:

1.

ensuring EU coordination and input in the negotiating process on the Arms Trade Treaty, providing expert contribution for the preparation of the spring 2011 session of the Preparatory Committee;

2.

ensuring the implementation of Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP on EU activities in support of the Arms Trade Treaty including through the participation of COARM experts in outreach regional seminars;

3.

ensuring that all Member States have adopted the appropriate national laws or administrative rules to fully implement:

Common Position 2003/468/CFSP on the control of arms brokering;

Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment;

4.

ensuring efficient, effective and worthwhile outreach events as provided for in Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP;

5.

continued exchanges of information on arms export policies towards particular destinations;

6.

updates of/additions to the User's Guide and EU Common Military List;

7.

continued dialogue with the European Parliament and NGOs;

8.

early finalisation and publishing of the 13th EU annual report on arms exports;

9.

contribution to discussions on the transposition into national legislation of Directive 2009/43/EC on intra-Community transfers of defence-related products, in order to ensure that security concerns are not jeopardised, and that implementation is as harmonised as possible throughout the EU.


(1)  OJ L 335, 13.12.2008, p. 99.

(2)  OJ L 17, 22.1.2009, p. 39.

(3)  OJ L 348, 29.12.2009, p. 16.

(4)  OJ L 152, 18.6.2010, p. 14.

(5)  OJ L 75, 18.3.2008, p. 81.

(6)  See report in doc. 8693/10.

(7)  See report in doc. 12160/10.

(8)  OJ L 146, 10.6.2009, p. 1.

(9)  OJ L 156, 25.6.2003, p. 79.


ANNEX

Information on conventional arms exports and implementation of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP by the Member States over the period 1 January to 31 December 2009

The attached tables contain the following information:

A.I

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND LICENCE REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLDWIDE

A.II

TABLE SHOWING EXPORTS TO UNITED NATIONS-MANDATED OR OTHER INTERNATIONAL MISSIONS IN 2009

A.III

TABLE PROVIDING INFORMATION ON BROKERING LICENCES GRANTED AND DENIED PER MEMBER STATE

B.I

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS INITIATED AND TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS RECEIVED BY EACH MEMBER STATE IN 2009

B.II

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS FOR EACH DESTINATION CONCERNED IN 2009

C.

INFORMATION ON NATIONAL LEGISLATION IMPLEMENTING COMMON POSITION 2003/468/CFSP ON THE CONTROL OF ARMS BROKERING AND COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT OR, FOR THOSE MEMBER STATES WHICH HAVE NOT YET FULLY IMPLEMENTED THESE COMMON POSITIONS, PROVIDING INFORMATION ON THE STATE OF PLAY

D.

TABLE OF OUTREACH ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY THE EU AND MEMBER STATES (1 JANUARY 2009 TO 30 JUNE 2010)

E.

TABLE SHOWING INTERNET ADDRESSES FOR NATIONAL REPORTS ON ARMS EXPORTS

Brief descriptions of EU Common Military List categories

(cf. OJ C 69 of 18 March 2010 for the full EU Common Military List)

ML1

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of less than 20 mm, other arms and automatic weapons with a calibre of 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches) or less and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML2

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of 20 mm or more, other weapons or armament with a calibre greater than 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches), projectors and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML3

Ammunition and fuse setting devices, and specially designed components therefor

ML4

Bombs, torpedoes, rockets, missiles, other explosive devices and charges and related equipment and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML5

Fire control, and related alerting and warning equipment, and related systems, test and alignment and countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML6

Ground vehicles and components

ML7

Chemical or biological toxic agents, ‘riot control agents’, radioactive materials, related equipment, components and materials

ML8

‘Energetic materials’, and related substances

ML9

Vessels of war, (surface or underwater) special naval equipment, accessories, components and other surface vessels

ML10

‘Aircraft’, ‘lighter than air vehicles’, unmanned airborne vehicles, aero-engines and ‘aircraft’ equipment, related equipment and components, specially designed or modified for military use

ML11

Electronic equipment, not specified elsewhere on the EU Common Military List, and specially designed components therefor

ML12

High velocity kinetic energy weapon systems and related equipment, and specially designed components therefor

ML13

Armoured or protective equipment, constructions and components

ML14

Specialised equipment for military training or for simulating military scenarios, simulators specially designed for training in the use of any firearm or weapon specified by ML1 or ML2, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML15

Imaging or countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML16

Forgings, castings and other unfinished products the use of which in a specified product is identifiable by material composition, geometry or function, and which are specially designed for any products specified by ML1 to ML4, ML6, ML9, ML10, ML12 or ML19

ML17

Miscellaneous equipment, materials and ‘libraries’, and specially designed components therefor

ML18

Production equipment and components of products referred to in the EU Common Military List

ML19

Directed energy weapon systems (DEW), related or countermeasure equipment and test models, and specially designed components therefor

ML20

Cryogenic and ‘superconductive’ equipment, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML21

‘Software’ specially designed or modified for the ‘development’, ‘production’‘use’ of equipment or materials controlled by the EU Common Military List

ML22

‘Technology’ for the ‘development’, ‘production’ or ‘use’ of items controlled in the EU Common Military List

TABLE A.I

Figures of Table A.I are broken down per Member State, and where possible per EU Common Military List category where (a) = number of licences issued; (b) = value of licences issued in euros; (c) = value of arms exports in euros (if available) (1).

Total EU licence refusals to each destination, region and worldwide are provided, broken down by EU Common Military List category where (d) = number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML (2)); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets).

NB: Statistics are compiled differently by each Member State: no uniform standard is used. Consequently, owing to current procedures in the area of arms export reporting or data protection legislation, not all countries have been able to submit the same information (3)

It is important to note that row (c) of Table A. I is the total of the actual exports by those countries which submitted these data. Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Greece, Ireland and the United Kingdom could not supply these data; therefore row (c) of the EU total does not reflect total EU actual exports.

Sweden has reported total values only for rows (b) and (c). France and Italy have reported total values only for row (c).

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLDWIDE

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER (NON-EMBARGOED) DESTINATION

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION (WHEN DESTINATION IS SUBJECT TO AN EU ARMS EMBARGO)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER REGION:

Central America and the Caribbean

(Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago)

Central Asia

(Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)

European Union

(Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark; Denmark (Greenland), Denmark (Faeroes), Estonia, Finland, France, France (French Polynesia), France (Mayotte), France (New Caledonia), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Netherlands (Aruba), Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles), Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United Kingdom (Bermuda), United Kingdom (Cayman Islands), United Kingdom (Channel Islands), United Kingdom (Gibraltar), United Kingdom (St Helena), United Kingdom (Turcs and Caicos Islands)

Middle East

(Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestinian controlled territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)

North Africa

(Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)

North America

(Canada, United States)

North East Asia

(China (Mainland), China (Hong Kong), China (Macao), Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of), Korea (Republic of), Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan)

Oceania

(Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Fed. States of), Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)

Other European Countries

(Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Holy See, Iceland, Liechtenstein, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Russian Federation, Serbia, St Marino, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine)

South America

(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela)

South Asia

(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)

South East Asia

(Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, Vietnam)

Sub-Saharan Africa

(Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Republic of), Congo (Democratic Republic of), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS WORLDWIDE

EU ARMS EXPORTS PER DESTINATION IN 2009

Key: (a) = number of licences issued, (b) = value of licences issued in Euros, (c) = value of arms exports in Euros (if available) (d) = total EU number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets)

AFGHANISTAN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 17

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

2 098 696

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 098 696

c

 

 

 

 

 

1 097 507

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 097 507

Bulgaria

a

4

2

10

10

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27

b

375 510

71 420

23 473 871

23 343 406

120 764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47 384 971

c

375 510

71 420

14 457 014

17 653 198

120 764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32 677 906

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

2 887 132

 

63 041

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 950 173

c

 

 

 

 

 

347 347

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

347 348

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

74 060

 

 

 

 

 

74 060

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

74 060

 

 

 

 

 

74 060

France

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

1 000 000

 

 

4 253 820

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 253 820

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 544 987

Germany

a

 

6

 

1

7

99

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

1

 

119

b

 

532 495

 

1 222 869

4 508 538

40 235 799

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 028 342

1 826 888

 

54 354 931

Greece

a

1

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

5

b

831

 

14 708

 

 

 

4 692

 

 

 

 

4 600

 

 

 

24 831

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

338 219

 

 

 

 

 

 

338 219

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

338 219

Latvia

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

25 611

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25 611

c

 

 

 

 

25 611

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25 611

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 185 416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 185 416

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 185 416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 185 416

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

471 255

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

471 255

c

 

 

 

 

 

471 255

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

471 255

Poland

a

2

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

543 258

 

280 557

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

823 815

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

2

 

14

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

19

b

101 692

 

7 495 499

 

 

 

 

58 568

 

 

1 258 245

 

 

 

 

8 914 004

c

756 309

 

7 754 474

 

 

 

 

58 568

 

 

1 258 245

 

 

 

 

9 827 596

United Kingdom

a

56

 

15

5

 

9

 

 

37

7

13

 

 

3

14

159

b

1 856 454

 

332 364

15 163

 

1 157 700

 

 

10 002 362

96 579

44 387

 

 

285

536 812

14 042 106

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

65

8

41

16

10

113

2

7

38

9

14

1

5

4

14

347

b

2 877 745

603 915

31 596 999

24 581 438

5 654 913

46 850 582

4 692

6 560 845

10 340 581

170 639

1 302 632

4 600

6 028 342

1 827 173

536 812

138 941 908

c

1 131 819

71 420

22 211 488

17 653 198

146 375

1 916 109

 

2 243 985

 

74 060

1 258 245

 

 

 

 

52 589 905

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ALBANIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 4

ML 6

ML 7

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 18

TOTAL per destination

Finland

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

10 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 000

c

9 200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 200

Germany

a

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

1

4

b

 

 

 

93 045

500 000

 

 

 

593 045

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

8 049

254 421

 

 

 

 

 

 

262 470

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

311 470

United Kingdom

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

3

 

4

b

 

 

36 170

 

 

 

23 805

 

59 975

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

3

1

1

1

1

1

3

1

12

b

18 049

254 421

36 170

93 045

500 000

 

23 805

 

925 490

c

9 200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

320 670

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ALGERIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

Austria

a

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

1 119

 

 

 

 

7 823 724

 

 

 

c

1 119

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

1

2

4

4

 

15

 

 

 

b

3 877 501

971 623

18 299 309

15 553 433

 

9 147 207

 

 

 

c

3 204 774

94 697

7 987 244

17 606 117

 

4 043 400

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

10 565 072

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

61 455

4 626 398

 

 

 

France

a

1

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

11

b

260 000

 

 

 

1 719 910

5 000

 

 

67 273 680

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

1

 

 

 

 

3

1

2

 

b

1 077

 

 

 

 

5 880 723

69

8 580

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

17 153 875

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

9 689 287

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

31 050

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

4

2

4

6

3

33

2

2

11

b

4 139 697

971 623

18 299 309

15 584 483

1 719 910

50 575 602

69

8 580

67 273 680

c

3 205 893

94 697

7 987 244

17 606 117

61 455

18 359 085

 

 

 

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 18

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 824 843

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 119

Bulgaria

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

27

b

 

182 862

 

 

 

 

 

48 031 936

c

 

7 592 503

 

 

 

 

 

40 528 736

Czech Republic

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

b

53 075

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 618 147

c

1 059 986

 

 

 

 

 

903 265

6 651 104

France

a

4

6

3

3

17

 

4

53

b

114 384

4 563 400

80 725

20 310

25 534 713

 

21 338 804

120 910 926

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

87 852 274

Germany

a

7

2

 

 

 

1

 

17

b

138 196

2 862 051

 

 

 

104 522

 

8 995 218

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

4

2

1

 

1

 

 

9

b

2 532 172

332 928

723 000

 

4 505 000

 

 

8 093 100

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

61 832 855

Lithuania

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

3 048 166

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 048 166

c

1 743 090

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 743 090

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

498 801

 

 

498 801

c

 

 

 

 

498 801

 

 

498 801

Poland

a

7

 

 

 

 

 

1

8

b

38 827 115

 

 

 

 

 

4 822

38 831 937

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

259 200

17 413 075

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 689 287

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

3 394 210

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 394 210

Sweden

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 557 523

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

395 280

United Kingdom

a

23

3

1

 

 

 

 

29

b

7 232 695

56 503

27 600

 

 

 

 

7 347 848

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

51

15

5

3

20

1

6

168

b

51 945 803

7 997 744

831 325

20 310

30 538 514

104 522

21 602 826

275 171 520

c

6 197 286

7 592 503

 

 

498 801

 

903 265

212 586 756

d

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

e

 

 

 

 

 

2(1) 7(1)

 

2(1) 7(1)


ANDORRA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 18

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

4

 

4

b

 

24 730

 

24 730

c

 

24 730

 

24 730

Belgium

a

1

 

 

1

b

4 850

 

 

4 850

c

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

38

9

1

48

b

138 513

95 708

1 000

235 221

c

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

7

2

 

9

b

6 173

5 600

 

11 773

c

15 213

6 027

 

21 240

Sweden

a

 

1

 

1

b

 

 

 

98 820

c

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

46

16

1

63

b

149 536

126 038

1 000

375 394

c

15 213

30 757

 

45 970

d

1

 

 

1

e

7(1)

 

 

7(1)


ANGOLA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 4

ML 6

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

2

 

1

6

b

 

 

 

 

 

72 104 800

 

 

121 200

 

5 600

72 231 600

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 413 500

Germany

a

1

1

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

4 485

195

 

11 506 145

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 510 825

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

51 159

 

 

 

 

 

 

51 159

c

 

 

 

 

51 159

 

 

 

 

 

 

51 159

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

4 312

 

 

135 600

 

 

 

139 912

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 200

 

 

 

6 200

United Kingdom

a

 

 

2

13

 

66

2

 

 

1

1

85

b

 

 

7 304

666 885

 

1 132 566

9 315

 

 

2 300

 

1 818 370

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

2

21

3

69

2

1

2

1

2

105

b

4 485

195

7 304

12 173 030

55 471

73 237 366

9 315

135 600

121 200

2 300

5 600

85 751 866

c

 

 

 

 

51 159

 

 

6 200

 

 

 

1 470 859

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

TOTAL per destination

United Kingdom

a

1

1

2

b

12 610

7 740

20 349

c

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

2

b

12 610

7 740

20 349

c

 

 

 

d

 

 

 

e

 

 

 


ARGENTINA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

Austria

a

5

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

577 045

 

 

 

 

233 987

 

 

c

511 045

 

 

 

 

722 235

 

 

Belgium

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

300 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

759 853

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

289 295

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

1 477

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

12 741

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

9

 

 

 

1

1

2

4

b

25 188

 

 

 

17 915

13 680

69

216

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

2

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

57 377

 

 

27 736

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

267 859

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

619 700

 

 

 

Spain

a

8

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

137 931

 

 

127 500

 

 

 

 

c

25 370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

30

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

b

100 212

 

13 189

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

53

3

10

3

10

2

2

4

b

1 140 376

57 377

773 042

140 241

314 987

247 667

69

216

c

536 415

 

289 295

 

619 700

722 235

 

 

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 15

ML 17

ML 18

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

811 032

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 233 280

Belgium

a

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

1 396 850

 

 

 

1 696 850

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

759 853

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

289 295

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 477

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

2

18

 

2

 

 

 

23

b

79 390

3 855 086

 

485 195

 

 

 

4 432 412

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 043 840

2 043 840

Germany

a

4

2

4

 

1

3

3

34

b

42 555

153 912

242 531

 

60 713

14 578

69 800

641 157

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

11 602

 

 

 

 

 

 

96 714

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

79 891

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

267 859

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

619 700

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

265 431

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25 370

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

98 820

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

6

17

1

 

 

 

 

61

b

2 028 560

194 469

11 125

 

 

 

 

2 347 555

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

13

37

5

5

1

3

3

154

b

2 162 107

4 203 467

253 656

1 882 045

60 713

14 578

69 800

11 419 160

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 043 840

4 291 376

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ARMENIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 13

ML 15

TOTAL per destination

TOTAL PER ML category

d

2

2

1

1

6

e

1(2) 7(1)

1(2)

1(1)

1(1)

1(6) 7(1)


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

Austria

a

28

1

 

2

4

4

 

 

 

 

b

533 686

3 990

 

1 395 804

459 678

2 131 000

 

 

 

 

c

506 763

7 980

 

934 751

390 410

2 131 000

 

 

 

 

Belgium

a

14

5

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

8 039 826

536 195

16 400

 

 

 

 

 

 

18 211

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

1

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

2 592

 

631 091

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

126 869

 

169 261

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

5

 

 

14

9

 

 

 

10

26

b

356 498

 

 

1 310 835

11 057 799

 

 

 

1 411 934

568 092 336

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

233

3

11

2

1

28

2

15

21

13

b

1 417 449

19 422

116 020

804 951

36 205

82 083 164

70

1 819

184 716

797 049

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

3

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

b

4 150

 

 

 

3 135 300

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

15

6

b

 

 

 

39 869 117

 

 

 

 

2 568 831

1 186 432

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 000 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 086 847

Romania

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

6 060

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

6 060

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

5

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

72 600 000

6 000 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 256

 

100 174

Sweden

a

 

 

2

1

3

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

160

7

14

42

17

46

9

1

20

236

b

1 301 443

65 441

24 979

656 052

314 637

3 213 551

216 586

63

34 544

8 966 735

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

447

16

32

64

41

78

11

16

71

284

b

11 661 704

625 048

788 490

44 036 759

15 003 619

87 427 715

216 656

1 882

76 800 024

588 060 763

c

639 692

7 980

169 261

934 751

390 410

2 131 000

 

1 256

 

3 187 021

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

45

 

1

85

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

665 996

 

10 000

5 200 154

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

645 942

 

 

4 616 846

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 610 632

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

54 121

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

54 121

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

633 683

c

54 917

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

351 047

France

a

24

4

 

10

 

1

2

5

8

118

b

54 703 596

397 226

 

9 160 511

 

1 035 036

157 657

2 974 735

113 866

650 772 029

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

130 521 561

Germany

a

37

 

3

2

6

2

7

8

9

403

b

8 427 254

 

8 485 300

20 791

68 829

268

59 467

2 157 645

923 518

105 603 937

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

738 926

 

 

 

 

 

738 926

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 981 485

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

1

1

 

 

1

 

 

27

b

 

 

46 506

1 952 780

 

 

64 293

 

 

45 687 959

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35 356 136

Netherlands

a

3

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

7

b

159 705

 

 

747 614

 

 

 

 

 

3 907 319

c

159 705

 

 

260 188

 

 

 

 

 

3 506 740

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 060

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 060

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

8

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78 600 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

150 000

251 430

Sweden

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 681 420

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21 641 600

United Kingdom

a

42

 

2

6

1

1

21

24

31

680

b

486 600

 

4 937

750 720

575

9 143

90 503

532 197

716 792

17 385 499

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

109

4

6

23

7

4

77

38

50

1 378

b

63 831 276

397 226

8 536 743

13 371 343

69 404

1 044 447

1 037 915

5 664 577

1 764 176

946 863 224

c

214 622

 

 

260 188

 

 

645 942

 

150 000

197 605 143

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

Belgium

a

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

b

235 480

 

 

 

 

 

 

171 030

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

254 174

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

254 174

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

1

 

8

1

1

14

4

1

 

 

 

b

43 880

 

21 762 563

9 994 109

2 904 673

1 046 462

227 389

164 138

 

 

 

c

42 103

 

6 224 835

2 498 528

 

1 171 173

185 887

3 697

 

 

13 252

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

26 460

 

237 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

26 460

 

3 429

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

3

 

4

4

8

 

 

2

 

5

9

b

75 709

 

1 289 145

7 801 108

2 260 003

 

 

30 606

 

99 879

1 664 578

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

2

10

27

8

13

283

 

 

2

21

5

b

322

13 012

2 714 882

62 526

276 327

80 843 482

 

 

577

2 129 690

169 296

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

2

6

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

b

 

 

5 000

4 093 500

 

 

 

252 500

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

646 946

 

 

 

53 095

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

1

1

3

 

 

 

 

17

3

b

 

 

1 355 952

91 640

892 062

 

 

 

 

25 925 052

1 872 320

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

4

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

b

5 720

 

 

 

 

20 693

 

 

 

 

 

c

5 720

 

 

 

 

27 138

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

45 828

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

4

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

49 242

4 944

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

16 998

4 944

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

28 000

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

5

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

94 886

 

 

 

2 124 508

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

758 427

 

 

 

1 050 000

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

2

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

619 062

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

202 444

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

1

 

4

 

1

2

1

3

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

18

6

 

1

1

35

5

 

1

15

1

b

224 660

48 842

 

1 018

5 923

246 277

920

 

9 308

335 858

1 725

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

44

22

47

22

27

350

10

10

3

59

18

b

707 301

161 684

27 364 542

22 298 075

6 338 988

84 928 484

228 309

618 274

9 885

28 490 478

3 707 919

c

91 281

763 371

6 228 264

3 399 648

 

2 450 755

185 887

56 792

 

 

13 252

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 12

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

406 510

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

254 174

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

254 174

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

31

b

 

 

 

 

239 802

 

 

 

 

36 383 016

c

 

 

 

 

378 430

376 515

 

 

690 058

11 584 478

Denmark

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

12 086 619

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12 086 619

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

168 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

431 460

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29 889

France

a

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

2

45

b

 

 

 

1 001 679

 

 

 

 

979 805

15 202 512

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12 478 337

Germany

a

 

 

2

6

16

56

66

8

16

541

b

 

 

31 403

30 778

9 686 025

1 826 932

302 207

936 137

877 500

99 901 096

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 000

 

26 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 351 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

700 041

Italy

a

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

27

b

 

 

340 000

 

107 800

 

 

 

 

30 584 826

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13 586 936

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 413

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32 858

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45 828

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

54 186

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21 942

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 219 394

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 808 427

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

86 510

 

 

705 572

c

 

 

 

154 010

 

 

84 347

 

 

440 801

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 435 105

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 138 645

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

84

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 150 000

 

2 024 530

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

3

14

18

56

67

10

18

800

b

12 086 619

168 000

371 403

1 032 457

10 033 627

1 826 932

388 717

2 112 137

1 857 305

210 166 241

c

 

 

 

154 010

378 430

376 515

84 347

 

690 058

46 076 528

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AZERBAIJAN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 10

ML 11

ML 15

ML 16

ML 18

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

866 667

 

 

 

 

 

866 667

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

386 800

 

 

 

 

 

 

386 800

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

4

1

1

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

2

2

12

b

183 366

19 358

238 027

 

 

 

70 261

4 086 607

 

 

570 727

250 932

5 419 278

c

160 424

19 358

238 027

 

 

 

70 261

 

 

 

570 727

250 932

1 309 729

Slovakia

a

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

107 000

 

12 950

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

119 950

c

 

107 000

 

12 950

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

119 950

TOTAL PER ML category

a

4

2

1

1

 

1

2

1

 

 

2

2

16

b

183 366

126 358

238 027

12 950

 

386 800

936 928

4 086 607

 

 

570 727

250 932

6 792 695

c

160 424

126 358

238 027

12 950

 

 

70 261

 

 

 

570 727

250 932

1 429 679

d

 

3

1

 

2

1

 

1

2

1

 

1

13

e

 

1(3) 4(1)

1(1)

 

1(2) 4(2)

1(1) 4(1)

 

1(1) 3(1) 4(1)

1(2) 4(2)

1(1)

 

1(1)

1(13) 3(1) 4(7)


BAHAMAS

 

 

ML 7

TOTAL per destination

Finland

a

1

1

b

7 800

7 800

c

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

b

7 800

7 800

c

 

 

d

 

 

e

 

 


BAHRAIN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

Austria

a

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

28 709

222 000

 

 

 

 

 

c

28 709

162 000

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

a

3

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

5 325 436

 

 

 

 

937 500

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

757

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

386

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

13 500

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

3

1

1

6

1

1

2

b

1 254 772

1 628 630

2 206 634

10 196 094

193 983

5 015

422 269

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

10

 

5

1

 

 

 

b

437 452

 

504 922

15 000

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

2 233

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

39

 

15

3

 

 

5

b

539 806

 

29 259

3 613

 

 

14 894

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

57

6

23

10

1

2

7

b

7 586 175

1 852 863

2 741 571

10 214 707

193 983

942 515

437 163

c

42 209

162 000

386

 

 

 

 

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 15

ML 16

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

222 000

 

472 709

c

 

 

 

 

 

222 000

 

412 709

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 262 936

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

757

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

386

Finland

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

52 330

 

 

 

 

52 330

c

 

 

51 605

 

 

 

 

65 105

France

a

 

 

1

1

8

 

2

27

b

 

 

501 508

45 437

9 532 356

 

1 955 880

27 942 577

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 878 933

Germany

a

1

1

2

 

 

 

1

21

b

2 794

1 000 000

74 601

 

 

 

1

2 034 770

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 233

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20 196

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

14 350

 

 

14 350

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 371 682

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

197 640

United Kingdom

a

 

5

2

 

3

 

2

74

b

 

17 286

1 725

 

87 400

 

 

693 982

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

6

6

1

11

1

5

137

b

2 794

1 017 286

630 164

45 437

9 619 756

222 000

1 955 881

39 833 976

c

 

 

51 605

 

14 350

222 000

 

4 589 320

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


BANGLADESH

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

Belgium

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

b

99 819

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

425 000

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

 

1

 

 

1

b

 

 

2 170

 

 

21 400

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

1

1

1

1

 

b

 

16 863

144 701

12 598 000

441 125

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

8 960

 

c

 

 

 

 

8 706

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

23 000

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

2

1

5

1

2

1

b

99 819

16 863

594 871

12 598 000

450 085

21 400

c

 

 

 

 

8 706

 

d

6

 

 

 

 

 

e

2(4) 3(1) 7(4)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 15

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

99 819

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

425 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

13

2

 

 

 

 

15

b

531 736

136 502

 

 

 

 

668 238

c

648 242

136 491

 

 

 

 

784 733

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

177 240

 

 

 

 

177 240

France

a

 

 

 

3

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

381 150

 

 

381 150

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

89 650

Germany

a

 

5

 

 

 

 

7

b

 

10 467 728

 

 

 

 

10 491 298

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

1

1

 

 

 

 

6

b

15 424 563

990 599

 

 

 

 

29 615 852

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 318 910

Lithuania

a

3

4

 

 

 

3

10

b

536 832

108 924

 

 

 

2 579 625

3 225 381

c

230 006

37 118

 

 

 

2 579 625

2 846 749

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 960

c

 

 

 

 

50

 

8 756

Poland

a

10

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

727 976

 

 

 

 

 

727 976

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

220 000

 

 

 

 

 

220 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

889 381

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

14 720

 

 

 

37 720

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

28

12

2

3

 

3

60

b

17 441 107

11 703 753

14 720

381 150

 

2 579 625

46 790 775

c

878 248

350 849

 

 

50

2 579 625

7 226 037

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

2(8) 3(1) 7(4)


BARBADOS

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

1

2

3

b

29 722

29 000

58 722

c

29 722

 

29 722

Hungary

a

 

2

2

b

 

34 000

34 000

c

 

12 800

12 800

United Kingdom

a

5

3

8

b

6 078

13 409

19 487

c

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

6

7

13

b

35 800

76 409

112 209

c

29 722

12 800

42 522

d

 

 

 

e

 

 

 


BELARUS

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 6

ML 10

ML 15

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

6

 

 

 

 

6

b

33 312

 

 

 

 

33 312

c

33 312

 

 

 

 

33 312

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

332 000

 

 

 

332 000

Germany

a

36

17

1

 

 

54

b

130 783

133 884

4 760

 

 

269 427

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latvia

a

 

 

 

7

 

7

b

 

 

 

57 684

 

57 684

c

 

 

 

57 684

 

57 684

United Kingdom

a

 

1

 

 

 

1

b

 

40 250

 

 

 

40 250

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

42

18

1

7

 

68

b

164 095

174 134

4 760

57 684

 

400 673

c

33 312

332 000

 

57 684

 

422 996

d

1

 

 

 

3

4

e

2(1)

 

 

 

3(1) 7(3)

2(1) 3(1) 7(3)


BELGIUM

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

ML 11

Austria

a

1

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

76 270

200 000

5 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

13 243

200 000

5 000

 

 

8 792