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Document 42013X0618(01)

Regulation No 53 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of category L 3 vehicles with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices

OJ L 166, 18.6.2013, p. 55–87 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2013/53/oj

18.6.2013   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 166/55


Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date of entry into force of this Regulation should be checked in the latest version of the UN/ECE status document TRANS/WP.29/343, available at:

http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29fdocstts.html

Regulation No 53 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of category L3 vehicles with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices

Incorporating all valid text up to:

Supplement 13 to the 01 series of amendments — Date of entry into force: 28 October 2011

Supplement 14 to the 01 series of amendments — Date of entry into force: 15 July 2013

CONTENTS

REGULATION

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Approval

5.

General specifications

6.

Individual specifications

7.

Modifications of the vehicle type or of the installation of its lighting and light-signalling devices

8.

Conformity of production

9.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

10.

Production definitely discontinued

11.

Transitional provisions

12.

Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of Administrative Departments

ANNEXES

Annex 1 —

Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a type of category L3 vehicle with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices, pursuant to Regulation No 53

Annex 2 —

Arrangement of approval marks

Annex 3 —

Lamp surfaces, axis and centre of reference, and angles of geometric visibility

Annex 4 —

Forward visibility of red lights and rearward visibility of white lights

Annex 5 —

Control of conformity of production

Annex 6 —

Explanation about ‘the horizontal inclination’, ‘the bank angle’ and the angle ‘δ’

1.   SCOPE

This Regulation applies to vehicles of category L3  (1) with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices.

2.   DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of this Regulation:

2.1.

‘Approval of a vehicle’ means the approval of a vehicle type with regard to the number and mode of installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices;

2.2.

‘Vehicle type’ means a category of vehicles which do not differ from each other in such essential respects as:

2.2.1.

the dimensions and external shape of the vehicle;

2.2.2.

the number and position of the devices;

2.2.3.

the following shall likewise not be deemed to be ‘vehicles of a different type’:

2.2.3.1.

vehicles which differ within the meaning of paragraphs 2.2.1 and 2.2.2 above but not in such a way as to entail a change in the kind, number, position and geometric visibility of the lamps prescribed for the vehicle type in question; and

2.2.3.2.

vehicles on which lamps approved under one of the Regulations annexed to the 1958 Agreement, or lamps allowed in the country in which the vehicles are registered, are fitted, or are absent where their fitting is optional;

2.3.

‘Transverse plane’ means a vertical plane perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle;

2.4.

‘Unladen vehicle’ means a vehicle without a driver, or passenger, and unladen, but with its fuel tank full and its normal complement of tools;

2.5.

‘Lamp’ means a device designed to illuminate the road or to emit a light signal to other road users. Rear registration plate lamp and retro-reflectors are likewise to be regarded as lamps;

2.5.1.

‘Equivalent lamps’ means lamps having the same function and authorised in the country in which the vehicle is registered; such lamps may have different characteristics from those of the lamps with which the vehicle is equipped at the time of approval, on condition that they satisfy the requirements of this Regulation;

2.5.2.

‘Independent lamps’ means devices having separate illuminating surfaces, separate light sources and separate lamp bodies;

2.5.3.

‘Grouped lamps’ means devices having separate illuminating surfaces and separate light sources, but a common lamp body;

2.5.4.

‘Combined’ means devices having separate illuminating surfaces, but a common light source and a common lamp body;

2.5.5.

‘Reciprocally incorporated’ means devices having separate light sources or a single light source operating under different conditions (for example, optical, mechanical, electrical differences), totally or partially common illuminating surfaces and a common lamp body;

2.5.6.

‘Driving beam (main-beam) headlamp’ means the lamp used to illuminate the road over a long distance ahead of the vehicle;

2.5.7.

‘Passing beam (dipped-beam) headlamp’ means the lamp used to illuminate the road ahead of the vehicle without dazzling of causing undue discomfort to oncoming drivers and other road users;

2.5.7.1.

‘Principal passing beam (principal dipped beam)’ means the dipped beam produced without the contribution of infrared (IR) emitters and/or additional light sources for bend lighting.

2.5.8.

‘Direction-indicator lamp’ means the lamp used to indicate to other road-users that the driver intends to change direction to the right or to the left;

A direction-indicator lamp or lamps may also be used according to provisions of Regulation No 97.

2.5.9.

‘Stop lamp’ means the lamp used to indicate to other road-users to the rear of the vehicle that its driver is applying the service brake;

2.5.10.

‘Rear-registration-plate illuminating device’ means the device used to illuminate the space reserved for the rear registration plate; such a device may consist of several optical components;

2.5.11.

‘Front position lamp’ means the lamp used to indicate the presence of the vehicle when viewed from the front;

2.5.12.

‘Rear position lamp’ means the lamp used to indicate the presence of the vehicle when viewed from the rear;

2.5.13.

‘Retro-reflector’ means a device used to indicate the presence of a vehicle by the reflection of light emanating from a light source not connected to the vehicle, the observer being situated near the source;

For the purpose of this Regulation, retro-reflecting number plates are not considered as retro-reflectors;

2.5.14.

‘Hazard warning signal’ means the simultaneous operation of all of a vehicle’s direction-indicator lamps to show that the vehicle temporarily constitutes a special danger to other road users;

2.5.15.

‘Front fog lamp’ means the lamp used to improve the illumination of the road in case of fog, snowfall, rainstorms or dust clouds;

2.5.16.

‘Rear fog lamp’ means the lamp used to make the vehicle more easily visible from the rear in dense fog;

2.5.17.

‘Daytime running lamp’ means a lamp facing in a forward direction used to make the vehicle more easily visible when driving during daytime.

2.6.

‘Light-emitting surface’ of a ‘lighting device’, ‘light-signalling device’ or a retro-reflector means all or part of the exterior surface of the transparent material as declared in the request for approval by the manufacturer of the device on the drawing, see Annex 3;

2.7.

‘Illuminating surface’ (see Annex 3);

2.7.1.

‘Illuminating surface of a lighting device’ (paragraphs 2.5.6, 2.5.7 and 2.5.15) means the orthogonal projection of the full aperture of the reflector, or in the case of headlamps with an ellipsoidal reflector of the ‘projection lens’, on a transverse plane. If the lighting device has no reflector, the definition of paragraph 2.7.2 shall be applied. If the light emitting surface of the lamp extends over part only of the full aperture of the reflector, then the projection of that part only is taken into account.

In the case of a passing beam headlamp, the illuminating surface is limited by the apparent trace of the cut-off on to the lens. If the reflector and lens are adjustable relative to one another, the mean adjustment should be used;

In the case where any combination of a headlamp producing the principal passing beam and additional lighting units or light sources designed to produce bend lighting are operated together, the individual illuminating surfaces, taken together, constitute the illuminating surface.

2.7.2.

‘Illuminating surface of a light-signalling device other than a retro-reflector’ (paragraphs 2.5.8, 2.5.9, 2.5.11, 2.5.12, 2.5.14 and 2.5.16) means the orthogonal projection of the lamp in a plane perpendicular to its axis of reference and in contact with the exterior light-emitting surface of the lamp, this projection being bounded by the edges of screens situated in this plane, each allowing only 98 per cent of the total luminous intensity of the light to persist in the direction of the axis of reference. To determine the lower, upper and lateral limits of the illuminating surface, only screens with horizontal or vertical edges shall be used;

2.7.3.

‘Illuminating surface of a retro-reflector’ (paragraph 2.5.13) means the orthogonal projection of a retro-reflector in a plane perpendicular to its axis of reference and delimited by planes continuous to the outermost parts of the retro-reflector’s optical system and parallel to that axis. For the purposes of determining the lower, upper and lateral edges of the device, only horizontal and vertical planes shall be considered;

2.8.

The ‘apparent surface’ for a defined direction of observation means, at the request of the manufacturer or his duly accredited representative, the orthogonal projection of:

 

either the boundary of the illuminating surface projected on the exterior surface of the lens (a-b),

 

or the light-emitting surface (c-d),

 

in a plane perpendicular to the of observation and tangential to the most exterior point of the lens (see Annex 3 to this Regulation);

2.9.

‘Axis of reference’ (or ‘reference axis’) means the characteristic axis of the lamp determined by the manufacturer (of the lamp) for use as the direction of reference (H = 0°, V = 0°) for angles of field for photometric measurements and for installing the lamp on the vehicle;

2.10.

‘Centre of reference’ means the intersection of the axis of reference with the exterior light-emitting surface; it is specified by the manufacturer of the lamp;

2.11.

‘Angles of geometric visibility’ means the angles which determine the field of the minimum solid angle in which the apparent surface of the lamp must be visible. That field of the solid angle is determined by the segments of the sphere of which the centre coincides with the centre of reference of the lamp and the equator is parallel with the ground. These segments are determined in relation to the axis of reference. The horizontal angles β, correspond to the longitude and the vertical angles α to the latitude. There must be no obstacle on the inside of the angles of geometric visibility to the propagation of light from any part of the apparent surface of the lamp observed from infinity. If measurements are taken closer to the lamp, the direction of observation must be shifted parallel to achieve the same accuracy.

On the inside of the angles of geometric visibility no account is taken of obstacles, if they were already presented when the lamp was type-approved.

If, when the lamp is installed, any part of the apparent surface of the lamp is hidden by any further parts of the vehicle, proof shall be furnished that the part of the lamp not hidden by obstacles still conforms to the photometric values prescribed for the approval of the device as an optical unit (see Annex 3 of this Regulation). Nevertheless, when the vertical angle of geometric visibility below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° (lamp at less than 750 mm above the ground) the photometric field of measurements of the installed optical unit may be reduced to 5° below the horizontal;

2.12.

‘Extreme outer edge’, on either side of the vehicle means the plane parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and touching the lateral extremity of the vehicle, disregarding the projection or projections:

2.12.1.

of rear-view mirrors,

2.12.2.

of direction-indicator lamps,

2.12.3.

of front and rear position lamps and retro-reflectors;

2.13.

‘Over-all width’ means the distance between the two vertical planes defined in paragraph 2.12 above;

2.14.

‘A single lamp’ means:

(a)

a device or part of a device having one lighting or light-signalling function, one or more light source(s) and one apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis, which may be a continuous surface or composed of two or more distinct parts, or

(b)

any assembly of two independent lamps, whether identical or not, having the same function, both approved as type ‘D’ lamp and installed so that the projection of their apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis occupies not less than 60 per cent of the smallest quadrilateral circumscribing the projections of the said apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis.

2.15.

‘Distance between two lamps’ which face in the same direction means the shortest distance between the two apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis. Where the distance between the lamps clearly meets the requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of apparent surfaces need not be determined;

2.16.

‘Operating tell-tale’ means a visual or auditory signal (or any equivalent signal) indicating that a device has been switched on and whether or not it is operating correctly;

2.17.

‘Circuit-closed tell-tale’ means a visual (or any equivalent signal) indicating that a device has been switched on, but not indicating whether or not it is operating correctly;

2.18.

‘Optional lamp’ means a lamp, the installation of which is left to the discretion of the manufacturer;

2.19.

‘Ground’ means the surface on which the vehicle stands which should be substantially horizontal;

2.20.

‘Device’ means a component or combination of components used in order to perform one or several functions.

2.21.

‘Colour of the light emitted from the device’. The definitions of the colour of the light emitted given in Regulation No 48 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval shall apply to this Regulation.

2.22.

‘Gross vehicle mass’ or ‘maximum mass’ means the technically permissible maximum laden mass as declared by the manufacturer.

2.23.

‘Laden’ means so loaded as to attain the gross vehicle mass as defined in paragraph 2.22.

2.24.

‘Horizontal inclination’ means the angle created between the beam pattern when the motorcycle is set as specified in paragraph 5.4, and the beam pattern when the motorcycle is banked (see drawing in Annex 6);

2.25.

‘Horizontal inclination adjustment system (HIAS)’ means a device that adjusts the horizontal inclination of the headlamp towards zero;

2.26.

‘Bank angle’ means: the angle made with the vertical by the vertical longitudinal median plane of the motorcycle, when the motorcycle is rotated about its longitudinal axis (see drawing in Annex 6);

2.27.

‘HIAS signal’ means any control signal or, any additional control input to the system or, a control output from the system to the motorcycle;

2.28.

‘HIAS signal generator’ means a device, reproducing one or more of the HIAS signals for system test;

2.29.

‘HIAS test angle’ means the angle δ created by the headlamp cut-off line and HH line (in case of an asymmetrical beam headlamp, the horizontal part of the cut-off shall be used), (see drawing in Annex 6).

2.30.

‘Bend lighting’ means a lighting function to provide enhanced illumination in bends

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.

The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the installation of its lighting and light-signalling devices shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.

3.2.

It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and the following particulars:

3.2.1.

a description of the vehicle type with regard to the items mentioned in paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.3 above; the vehicle type duly identified shall be specified;

3.2.2.

a list of the devices intended by the manufacturer to form the lighting and light-signalling equipment; the list may include several types of device for each function; each type shall be duly identified (national or international approval mark, if approved, name of manufacturer, etc.); in addition, the list may include in respect of each function the additional annotation ‘or equivalent devices’;

3.2.3.

a layout drawing of the lighting and light-signalling installation as a whole, showing the position of the various devices on the vehicle; and

3.2.4.

if necessary, in order to verify the conformity to the prescriptions of the present regulation, a layout drawing or drawings of each lamp showing the illuminating surface, as defined in paragraph 2.7.1 above, the light-emitting surface as defined in paragraph 2.6, the axis of reference as defined in paragraph 2.9 and the centre of reference as defined in paragraph 2.10. This information is not necessary in the case of the rear registration plate lamp (paragraph 2.5.10).

3.2.5.

The application shall include a statement of the method used for the definition of the apparent surface (paragraph 2.8).

3.3.

an unladen vehicle fitted with a complete set of lighting and light-signalling equipment, as prescribed in paragraph 3.2.2 above, and representative of the vehicle type to be approved shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting approval tests.

4.   APPROVAL

4.1.

If the vehicle submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the requirements of the Regulation in respect of all the devices specified in the list, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.

4.2.

An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 01 for the Regulation in its 01 series of amendments) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval.

The same Contracting Party may not assign the same number to another vehicle type or to the same vehicle type submitted with equipment not specified in the list referred to in paragraph 3.2.2 above, subject to the provisions of paragraph 7 of this Regulation.

4.3.

Notice of approval or of extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

4.4.

There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation an international approval mark consisting of:

4.4.1.

a circle surrounding the letter ‘E’ followed by the distinguishing number of country which has granted approval (2);

4.4.2.

the number of this Regulation followed by the letter ‘R’, a dash, and the approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.

4.5.

If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1 need not be repeated; in such a case the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.

4.6.

The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

4.7.

The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the manufacturer.

4.8.

Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of the arrangement of the approval marks.

5.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.   The lighting and light-signalling devices shall be so fitted that in normal conditions of use, and notwithstanding the vibrations to which they may be subjected, they retain the characteristics prescribed by this Regulation and enable the vehicle to comply with the requirements of this Regulation.

In particular, it shall not be possible for the lamps to be inadvertently maladjusted.

5.2.   The illuminating lamps shall be so installed that correct adjustment of their orientation can easily be carried out.

5.3.   For all light-signalling devices the reference axis of the lamp when fitted to the vehicle shall be parallel to the bearing plane of the vehicle on the road; in addition, it shall be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle in the case of side retro-reflectors and parallel to that plane in the case of all light-signalling devices. A tolerance of ± 3° shall be allowed in each direction. In addition, if specifications for fitting are provided by the manufacturer they shall be complied with.

5.4.   In the absence of specific instructions, the height and orientation of the lamps shall be verified with the vehicle unladen and placed on a flat horizontal surface, its median longitudinal plane being vertical and the handlebars being in the position corresponding to the straight ahead movement. The tyre pressures shall be those prescribed by the manufacturer for the particular conditions of loading required in this Regulation.

5.5.   In the absence of specific instructions:

5.5.1.

single lamps or reflectors shall be mounted such that their centre of reference lies in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle;

5.5.2.

lamps constituting a pair and having the same function shall:

5.5.2.1.

be mounted symmetrically in relation to the median longitudinal plane;

5.5.2.2.

be symmetrical to one another in relation to the median longitudinal plane;

5.5.2.3.

satisfy the same colorimetric requirements; and

5.5.2.4.

have identical nominal photometric characteristics;

5.5.2.5.

come on and go off simultaneously;

5.6.   Grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps

5.6.1.

Lamps may be grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated with one another provided that all requirements regarding colour, position, orientation, geometric visibility, electrical connections and other requirements, if any, are fulfilled.

5.6.1.1.

The photometric and colorimetric requirements of a lamp shall be fulfilled when all other functions with which this lamp is grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated are switched OFF.

However, when a front or rear position lamp is reciprocally incorporated with one or more other function(s) which can be activated together with them, the requirements regarding colour of each of these other functions shall be fulfilled when the reciprocally incorporated function(s) and the front or rear position lamps are switched ON.

5.6.1.2.

Stop lamps and direction indicator lamps are not permitted to be reciprocally incorporated.

5.6.1.3.

However, where stop lamps and direction indicator lamps are grouped, any horizontal or vertical straight line passing through the projections of the apparent surfaces of these functions on a plane perpendicular to the reference axis, shall not intersect more than two borderlines separating adjacent areas of different colour.

5.6.2.

Where the apparent surface of a single lamp is composed of two or more distinct parts, it shall satisfy the following requirements:

5.6.2.1.

Either the total area of the projection of the distinct parts on a plane tangent to the exterior surface of the transparent material and perpendicular to the reference axis shall occupy not less than 60 per cent of the smallest quadrilateral circumscribing the said projection, or the distance between two adjacent/tangential distinct parts shall not exceed 15 mm when measured perpendicularly to the reference axis.

5.7.   The maximum height above ground shall be measured from the highest point and the minimum height from the lowest point of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis. For passing beam headlamps, the minimum height from the ground shall be measured from the lowest point of the effective outlet of the optical system (e.g. reflector, lens, projection lens) independent of its utilisation.

Where the (maximum and minimum) height above the ground clearly meets the requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of any surface need not be determined.

When referring to the distance between lamps, the position, as regards width, shall be determined from the inner edges of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis.

Where the position, as regards width, clearly meets the requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of any surface need not be determined.

5.8.   In the absence of specific instructions, no lamps other than direction-indicator lamps and the vehicle-hazard warning signal shall be flashing lamps.

5.9.   No red light shall be visible towards the front and no white light shall be visible towards the rear. Compliance with this requirement shall be verified as shown hereunder (see drawing in Annex 4):

5.9.1.

visibility of red light towards the front; a red lamp must not be directly visible to an observer moving in zone 1 of a transverse plane situated 25 m forward of the foremost point on the vehicle;

5.9.2.

visibility of white light towards the rear: a white lamp must not be directly visible to an observer moving in zone 2 of a transverse plane situated 25 m rearward of the rearmost point on the vehicle;

5.9.3.

in their respective planes, the zones 1 and 2 explored by the eye of the observer are bound:

5.9.3.1.

in height, by two horizontal planes 1 m and 2.2 m respectively above the ground;

5.9.3.2.

in width, by two vertical planes which, forming to the front and the rear respectively an angle of 15° outwards from the vehicle’s median longitudinal plane, pass through the point or points of contact of vertical planes parallel to the vehicle’s median longitudinal plane and delimiting the vehicle’s over-all width; if there are several points of contact, the foremost shall correspond to the forward plane and the rearmost to the rearward plane.

5.10.   The electrical connections shall be such that the front position lamp or the passing beam headlamp, if there is no front position lamp, the rear position lamp and the rear-registration-plate illuminating device cannot be switched ON or OFF otherwise than simultaneously, unless otherwise specified.

5.11.   In the absence of specific instructions, the electrical connection shall be such that the driving beam headlamp, the passing beam headlamp and the fog lamp cannot be switched on unless the lamps referred to in paragraph 5.10 above are likewise switched on. This requirement need not, however, be satisfied in the case of the driving beam headlamp and passing beam headlamp where their luminous warnings consist in switching on the passing beam headlamp intermittently, at short intervals, or in switching on the driving beam headlamp intermittently, or in switching on the passing beam headlamp and driving-beam headlamp alternately at short intervals.

5.11.1.

If installed, the daytime running lamp shall automatically be ON when the engine is running. If the headlamp is switched on, the daytime running lamp shall not come on when the engine is running.

If no daytime running lamp is installed, the headlamp shall automatically be on when the engine is running.

5.12.   Tell-tale lamps

5.12.1.

Every tell-tale lamp shall be readily visible to a driver in the normal driving position.

5.12.2.

Where a ‘circuit-closed’ tell-tale is prescribed by this Regulation, it may be replaced by an ‘operating’ tell-tale.

5.13.   Colours of the lights

The colours of the lights referred to in this Regulation shall be as follows:

Driving beam headlamp

:

white

Passing beam headlamp

:

white

Direction-indicator lamp

:

amber

Stop lamp

:

red

Rear-registration plate lamp

:

white

Front position lamp

:

white or amber

Rear position lamp

:

red

Rear retro-reflector, non-triangular

:

red

Side retro-reflector, non-triangular

:

amber at the front

amber or red at the rear

Vehicle-hazard warning signal

:

amber

Front fog lamp

:

white or selective yellow

Rear fog lamp

:

red

5.14.   Every vehicle submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation shall be equipped with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

5.14.1.

driving beam headlamp (paragraph 6.1);

5.14.2.

passing beam headlamp (paragraph 6.2);

5.14.3.

direction-indicator lamps (paragraph 6.3);

5.14.4.

stop lamp (paragraph 6.4);

5.14.5.

rear-registration-plate illuminating device (paragraph 6.5);

5.14.6.

front position lamp (paragraph 6.6);

5.14.7.

rear position lamp (paragraph 6.7);

5.14.8.

rear retro reflector, non-triangular (paragraph 6.8);

5.14.9.

side retro reflectors, non-triangular (paragraph 6.12);

5.15.   It may, in addition, be equipped with the following lighting and light-signalling devices;

5.15.1.

vehicle-hazard warning signal (paragraph 6.9);

5.15.2.

fog lamps;

5.15.2.1.

front (paragraph 6.10);

5.15.2.2.

rear (paragraph 6.11);

5.15.3.

daytime running lamp (paragraph 6.13).

5.16.   The fitting of each of the lighting and light-signalling devices mentioned in paragraphs 5.14 and 5.15 above shall be effected in conformity with the relevant requirements in paragraph 6 of this Regulation.

5.17.   The fitting of any lighting and light-signalling devices other than those mentioned in paragraphs 5.14 and 5.15 is prohibited for the purposes of type approval.

5.18.   Lighting and light-signalling devices type-approved for four-wheeled vehicles of categories M1 and N1 and referred to in paragraphs 5.14 and 5.15 above may also be fitted to motorcycles.

6.   INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1.   DRIVING BEAM HEADLAMP

6.1.1.   Number:

6.1.1.1.   For motorcycles having a cylinder capacity ≤ 125 cm3

One or two of approved type according to:

(a)

Class B, C, D or E of Regulation No 113;

(b)

Regulation No 112;

(c)

Regulation No 1;

(d)

Regulation No 8;

(e)

Regulation No 20;

(f)

Regulation No 57;

(g)

Regulation No 72;

(h)

Regulation No 98.

6.1.1.2.   For motorcycles having a cylinder capacity > 125 cm3

One or two of approved type according to:

(a)

Class B, D or E of Regulation No 113;

(b)

Regulation No 112;

(c)

Regulation No 1;

(d)

Regulation No 8;

(e)

Regulation No 20;

(f)

Regulation No 72;

(g)

Regulation No 98.

Two of approved type according to:

(h)

Class C of Regulation No 113.

6.1.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.1.3.   Position

6.1.3.1.   Width

6.1.3.1.1.

An independent driving lamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are on top of the other the reference centre of the driving lamp must be located within the medium longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centre must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.1.3.1.2.

A driving beam headlamp, that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be fitted in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, when the vehicle is also fitted with an independent principal passing beam headlamp, or a principal passing beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with a front position lamp alongside the driving beam headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.1.3.1.3.

Two driving lamps of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.1.3.2.   The length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is regarded as satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or reflective surfaces on the vehicle.

6.1.3.3.   In any case, the distance between the edge of the illuminating surface of any independent driving lamp and the edge of that of the lamp producing the principal passing beam must not exceed 200 mm. The distance between the edge of the illuminating surface of any independent driving lamp and the ground must be from 500 mm to 1 300 mm.

6.1.3.4.   In the case of two driving lamps: the distance separating the illuminating surfaces of two driving lamps must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.4.   Geometric visibility

The visibility of the illuminating surface, including its visibility in areas which do not appear to be illuminated in the direction of observation considered, shall be ensured within a divergent space defined by generating lines based on the perimeter of the illuminating surface and forming an angle of not less than 5° with the axis of reference of the headlamp.

6.1.5.   Orientation

6.1.5.1.   Forwards. The lamp(s) may move with the steering angle.

6.1.5.2.   An HIAS may be installed for the driving beam.

6.1.6.   Electrical connections

The passing beam(s) may remain illuminated with the driving beam(s).

6.1.7.   Tell-tales

6.1.7.1.   ‘Circuit-closed’ tell-tale.

Mandatory, non-flashing blue signal lamp.

6.1.7.2.   ‘HIAS failure’ tell-tale

Mandatory, flashing amber signal lamp, which may be combined with the tell-tale referred to in paragraph 6.2.8.2. It shall be activated whenever a failure is detected with respect to the HIAS signals. It shall remain activated while the failure is present.

6.1.8.   Other requirements

6.1.8.1.   The aggregate maximum intensity of the driving beam headlamps which can be switched on simultaneously shall not exceed 430 000 cd which corresponds to a reference number of 100 (the approval value).

6.1.8.2.   In the event of a driving beam HIAS failure, without the use of any special tools, it shall be possible to:

(a)

Deactivate the HIAS until it is reset according to the manufacturer’s instructions; and

(b)

Reposition the driving beam so that its horizontal and vertical alignments are the same as a headlamp not equipped with HIAS.

The manufacturer shall provide a detailed description of the procedure for resetting the HIAS.

Alternatively, the manufacturer may choose to install an automatic system that either achieves both the tasks specified above or resets the HIAS. In this case, the manufacture shall provide the test house with a description of the automatic system and, until such time as harmonised requirements have been developed, demonstrate the means of verifying that the automatic system works as described.

6.2.   PASSING BEAM HEADLAMP

6.2.1.   Number:

6.2.1.1.   For motorcycles having a cylinder capacity ≤ 125 cm3

One or two of approved type according to:

(a)

Class B, C, D or E of Regulation No 113;

(b)

Regulation No 112;

(c)

Regulation No 1;

(d)

Regulation No 8;

(e)

Regulation No 20;

(f)

Regulation No 57;

(g)

Regulation No 72;

(h)

Regulation No 98.

6.2.1.2.   For motorcycles having a cylinder capacity > 125 cm3

One or two of approved type according to:

(a)

Class B, D or E of Regulation No 113;

(b)

Regulation No 112;

(c)

Regulation No 1;

(d)

Regulation No 8;

(e)

Regulation No 20;

(f)

Regulation No 72;

(g)

Regulation No 98.

Two of approved type according to:

(a)

Class C of draft Regulation No 113.

6.2.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.2.3.   Position

6.2.3.1.   Width

6.2.3.1.1.

An independent passing lamp may be installed above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the lamp producing the principal passing beam must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centre must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.2.3.1.2.

A headlamp producing the principal passing beam, that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be fitted in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, when the vehicle is also fitted with an independent driving beam headlamp, or a driving beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with a front position lamp alongside the headlamp producing the principal passing beam, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.2.3.1.3.

Two headlamps producing the principal passing beam, of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.2.3.1.4.

If installed, additional lighting unit(s) which provide bend lighting, type approved as part of the passing beam according to Regulation No 113, shall be installed under the following conditions:

 

In the case of (a) pair(s) of additional lighting units, they shall be installed so that their reference centre(s) are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

 

In the case of a single additional lighting unit, its reference centre shall be coincident with the medium longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.2.3.2.   Height: a minimum of 500 mm and a maximum of 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.2.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is regarded as satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.2.3.4.   In the case of two headlamps producing the principal passing beam the distance separating the illuminating surfaces must not exceed 200 mm.

6.2.4.   Geometric visibility

Defined by angles α and β as specified in paragraph 2.11:

α

=

15° upwards and 10° downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right for a single lamp;

β

=

45° outwards and 10° inwards for each pair of lamps.

The presence of partitions or other items of equipment near the head-lamp shall not give rise to secondary effects causing discomfort to other road users.

6.2.5.   Orientation

6.2.5.1.   Forwards. The lamp(s) may move in line with the steering angle.

6.2.5.2.   The vertical inclination of the headlamp producing the principal passing beam must remain between – 0,5 and – 2,5 per cent, except in the case where an external adjusting device is present.

6.2.5.3.   For a headlamp producing the principal passing beam with a light source having an objective luminous flux which exceeds 2 000 lumen, the vertical inclination of the headlamp shall remain between – 0,5 and – 2,5 per cent. A headlamp levelling device may be used to satisfy the requirements of this paragraph but its operation shall be automatic (3).

6.2.5.4.   The requirement in paragraph 6.2.5.3 shall be tested on the vehicle in the following conditions:

Condition A (rider alone):

A mass of 75 kg ± 1 kg, simulating the rider, shall be placed on the vehicle in such a way as to reproduce the axle loads declared by the manufacturer for this loading condition.

The vertical inclination (initial aiming) of the headlamp producing the principal passing beam shall be set, following the manufacturer’s instructions, between – 1,0 and – 1,5 per cent.

Condition B (fully laden motorcycle):

Masses, simulating the manufacturer’s maximum total mass, shall be placed on the vehicle in such a way as to reproduce the axle loads declared by the manufacturer for this loading condition.

Before making the measurements, the vehicle shall be rocked 3 times up and down and then moved backwards and forwards for at least a complete wheel revolution.

6.2.5.5.   An HIAS may be installed for the passing beam. The HIAS shall not adjust the horizontal inclination by more than the vehicle’s bank angle.

6.2.5.6.   The requirement in paragraph 6.2.5.5 shall be tested under the following conditions:

The test vehicle shall be set as specified in paragraph 5.4. Incline the vehicle and measure the HIAS test angle.

The vehicle shall be tested in the following two conditions

(a)

The maximum horizontal inclination adjustment angle specified by the manufacturer (to left and to right);

(b)

Half of the maximum horizontal inclination adjustment angle specified by the manufacturer (to left and to right).

And when the test vehicle is returned to the position as specified in paragraph 5.4, the HIAS test angle shall return to zero quickly.

The handlebar may be fixed in the straight ahead position so as not to move during the vehicle inclination.

For the test the HIAS shall be activated by means of an HIAS signal generator.

The system shall be considered to satisfy the requirements of paragraph 6.2.5.5, if all measured HIAS test angles are not less than zero. This may be demonstrated by the manufacturer using other means accepted by the authority responsible for type approval.

6.2.5.7.   Additional light source(s) or additional lighting unit(s) may be activated only in conjunction with the principal passing beam to produce bend lighting. The illumination provided by the bend lighting shall not extend above the horizontal plane, that is parallel with the ground and containing the reference axis of the headlamp producing the principal passing beam for all bank angles as specified by the manufacture during type approval of the device according to Regulation No 113.

6.2.5.8.   The requirement in paragraph 6.2.5.7 shall be tested as follows:

The test vehicle shall be set as specified in paragraph 5.4.

Measure the bank angles on both sides of the vehicle under every condition where the bend lighting is activated. The bank angles to measure are the bank angles specified by the manufacturer during type approval of the device according to Regulation No 113.

The handlebar may be fixed in the straight ahead position so as not to move during the vehicle inclination.

For the test, the bend lighting may be activated by means of a signal generator provided by the manufacturer.

The system is considered to satisfy the requirements of paragraph 6.2.5.7, if all measured bank angles on both sides of the vehicle are greater than or equal to the minimum bank angles given in the communication form for the type approval of the device according to Regulation No 113.

Conformity to paragraph 6.2.5.7 may be demonstrated by the manufacturer using other means accepted by the authority responsible for type approval.

6.2.6.   Electrical connections

The control for changing over to the passing beam(s) shall switch off the driving beam(s) simultaneously.

Passing beam headlamps with a light source approved in accordance with Regulation No 99 shall remain switched on when the driving-beam is illuminated.

6.2.6.1.   The additional light source(s) or additional lighting unit(s) used to produce bend lighting shall be so connected that it (they) cannot be activated unless the headlamp(s) producing the principal passing beam is(are) also activated.

The additional light source(s) or additional lighting unit(s) used to produce bend lighting on each side of the vehicle may only be automatically activated when the bank angle(s) is(are) greater or equal to the minimum bank angle(s) given in the communication form for the type approval of the device according to Regulation No 113.

However, the additional light source(s) or additional lighting unit(s) shall not be activated when the bank angle is less than 3 degrees.

The additional light source(s) or additional lighting unit(s) shall be deactivated when the bank angle(s) is (are) less than the minimum bank angle(s) given in the communication form for the type approval of the device according to Regulation No 113.

6.2.7.   Tell-tales

6.2.7.1.   ‘Circuit-closed’ tell-tale

Optional; non-flashing green signal lamp.

6.2.7.2.   ‘HIAS failure’ tell-tale

Mandatory, flashing amber signal lamp, which may be combined with the tell-tale referred to in paragraph 6.1.8.2. It shall be activated whenever a failure is detected with respect to the HIAS signals. It shall remain activated while the failure is present.

6.2.7.3.   In the event of a control system failure, additional light source(s) or additional lighting unit(s) producing bend lighting shall be switched OFF automatically.

6.2.8.   Other requirements

In the event of a passing beam HIAS failure, without the use of any special tools, it shall be possible to:

(a)

Deactivate the HIAS until it is reset according to the manufacturer’s instructions; and

(b)

Reposition the passing beam so that its horizontal and vertical alignments are the same as a headlamp not equipped with HIAS.

The manufacturer shall provide a detailed description of the procedure for resetting the HIAS.

Alternatively, the manufacturer may choose to install an automatic system that either achieves both tasks specified above or resets the HIAS. In this case, the manufacture shall provide the test house with a description of the automatic system and, until such time as harmonised requirements have been developed, demonstrate the means of verifying that the automatic system works as described.

6.3.   DIRECTION-INDICATOR LAMP

6.3.1.   Number

Two per side.

6.3.2.   Arrangement

Two front indicators (category 1 as specified in Regulation No 6 or category 11 specified in Regulation No 50).

Two rear indicators (category 2 as specified in Regulation No 6 or category 12 specified in Regulation No 50).

6.3.3.   Position

6.3.3.1.

In width: For front indicators, the following requirements shall all be met:

(a)

There shall be a minimum distance of 240 mm between illuminating surfaces,

(b)

The indicators shall be situated outside the longitudinal vertical plane tangential to the outer edges of the illuminating surface of the driving beam(s) and/or principal passing beam(s),

(c)

There shall be a minimum distance between the illuminating surface of the indicators and headlamp producing the principal passing beam closest to one another as follows:

Minimum indicator intensity (cd)

Minimum separation (mm)

90

75

175

40

250

20

400

≤ 20

For rear indicators, the clearance between the inner edges of the two illuminating surfaces shall be at least 180 mm on the condition that the prescriptions of paragraph 2.11 are applied even when the registration plate is mounted;

6.3.3.2.

in height: not less than 350 mm nor more than 1 200 mm above the ground;

6.3.3.3.

in length: the forward distance between the centre of reference of the rear indicators and the transverse plane which constitutes the rearmost limit of the vehicle’s over-all length shall not exceed 300 mm.

6.3.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: 20° inwards, 80° outwards

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

The vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5°, however, if the height of the lamps is less than 750 mm.

6.3.5.   Orientation

The front direction-indicators may move in line with the steering angle.

6.3.6.   Electrical connections

Direction-indicator lamps shall switch on independently of the other lamps. All direction-indicator lamps on one side of a vehicle shall be switched on and off by means of one control.

6.3.7.   May not be ‘reciprocally incorporated’ with any other lamp, except amber front position lamp.

6.3.8.   ‘Operating’ tell-tale

Mandatory. This may be optical or auditory or both. If it is optical it shall be (a) flashing green lamp(s), which, in the event of defective operation of any of the direction-indicators, is extinguished, remains alight without flashing, or shows a marked change of frequency.

6.3.9.   Other requirements

The characteristics indicated below shall be measured with no other load on the electrical system than that required for the operation of the engine and the lighting devices. For all vehicles:

6.3.9.1.

the light flashing frequency shall be 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.9.2.

the flashing of the direction-indicators on the same side of the vehicle may occur synchronously or alternately;

6.3.9.3.

operation of the light-signal control shall be followed within not more than one second by the appearance of the light and within not more than one-and-one-half seconds by the first extinction of the light.

6.3.9.4.

In the event of failure, other than a short circuit, of one direction-indicator lamp, the other(s) direction-indicator lamp(s) indicating the same direction must continue to flash or remain alight, but the frequency in this condition may be different from that prescribed.

6.4.   STOP LAMP

6.4.1.   Number

One or two.

6.4.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.4.3.   Position

6.4.3.1.

in height: not less than 250 mm nor more than 1 500 mm above the ground;

6.4.3.2.

in length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle

:

45° to left and to right for a single lamp;

45° outwards and 10° inwards for each pair of lamps;

Vertical angle

:

15° above and below the horizontal.

The vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5°, however, if the height of the lamp is less than 750 mm.

6.4.5.   Orientation

Towards the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.6.   Electrical connections

Shall light up at any service brake application.

6.4.7.   Tell-tale

Tell-tale optional; where fitted, this tell-tale shall be a tell-tale consisting of a non-flashing warning light which comes on in the event of the malfunctioning of the stop lamps.

6.4.8.   Other requirements

None.

6.5.   REAR-REGISTRATION-PLATE ILLUMINATING DEVICE

6.5.1.   Number

One, approved as a category 2 device according to Regulation No 50. The device may consist of several optical components designed to illuminate the space reserved for the registration plate.

6.5.2.

Arrangement

Such that the device illuminates the space reserved for the registration plate.

6.5.3.

Position

6.5.3.1.

in width:

6.5.3.2.

in height:

6.5.3.3.

in length:

6.5.4.

Geometric visibility

6.5.5.

Orientation

6.5.6.   Tell-tale

Optional: Its function shall be performed by the tell-tale prescribed for the position lamp.

6.5.7.   Other requirements

When the rear registration plate lamp is combined with the rear position lamp, reciprocally incorporated in the stop lamp or in the rear fog lamp, the photometric characteristics of the rear registration plate lamp may be modified during the illumination of the stop lamp or the rear fog lamp.

6.6.   FRONT POSITION LAMP

6.6.1.   Number

One or two

if coloured white

or

 

Two (one per side)

if coloured amber

6.6.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.6.3.   Position

6.6.3.1.

Width:

 

an independent front position lamp may be fitted above or below, or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other, the reference centre of the front position lamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle;

 

a front position lamp, that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, when the vehicle is also fitted with another front lamp alongside the front position lamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

Two front position lamps, one or both of them reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.6.3.2.

in height: not less than 350 mm nor more than 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.6.3.3.

in length: at the front of the vehicle.

6.6.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle

:

80 degrees to the left and to the right for a single lamp:

the horizontal angle may be 80 degrees outwards and 20 degrees inwards for each pair of lamps.

Vertical angle

:

15 degrees above and below the horizontal.

The vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5 degrees, however, if the height of the lamp is less than 750 mm.

6.6.5.   Orientation

Forwards. The lamp(s) may move in line with the steering angle.

6.6.6.   ‘Circuit-closed’ tell-tale

Mandatory. Non-flashing green signal lamp. This tell-tale shall not be required if the instrument illumination lighting can be switched on or off only simultaneously with the position lamp(s).

6.6.7.   Other requirements

When the front position lamp is reciprocally incorporated in the front direction indicator lamp, the electrical connection shall be such that the position lamp on the same side as the direction indicator lamp is switched off when the direction indicator lamp is flashing.

6.7.   REAR POSITION LAMP

6.7.1.   Number

One or two.

6.7.2.   Arrangement

No special requirements.

6.7.3.   Position

6.7.3.1.

in height: not less than 250 mm nor more than 1 500 mm above the ground;

6.7.3.2.

in length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.7.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle

:

80° to left and to right for a single lamp:

the horizontal angle may be 80° outwards and 45° inwards for each pair of lamps.

Vertical angle

:

15° above and below the horizontal.

The vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5°, however, if the height of the lamp is less than 750 mm.

6.7.5.   Orientation

Rearwards.

6.7.6.   ‘Circuit-closed’ tell-tale

Optional: Its function shall be performed by the device prescribed for the front position lamp.

6.7.7.   Other requirements

If a rear position lamp is reciprocally incorporated with a direction indicator, the electrical connection of the rear position lamp on the relevant side of the vehicle or the reciprocally incorporated part of it may be such that it is switched OFF during the entire period (both ON and OFF cycle) of activation of the direction indicator lamp.

6.8.   REAR RETRO-REFLECTOR, NON-TRIANGULAR

6.8.1.   Number

One or two.

6.8.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.8.3.   Position

in height: not less than 250 mm nor more than 900 mm above the ground;

6.8.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle

:

30° to left and to right for a single reflector;

30° outwards and 10° inwards for each pair of reflectors;

Vertical angle

:

15° above and below the horizontal.

The vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5°, however, if the height of the lamp is less than 750 mm.

6.8.5.   Orientation

Rearwards.

6.9.   VEHICLE-HAZARD WARNING SIGNAL

6.9.1.   The signal shall be given by simultaneous operation of the direction-indicator lamps in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 6.3 above.

6.9.2.   Electrical connections

The signal shall be given by means of a separate control enabling all the direction-indicators to be supplied with current simultaneously.

6.9.3.   ‘Circuit-closed’ tell-tale

Mandatory. Flashing red signal lamp or, in the case of separate tell-tales, the simultaneous operation of the tell-tale prescribed in paragraph 6.3.8

6.9.4.   Other requirements

Light flashing 90 ± 30 times per minute.

Operation of the lamp-signal control shall be followed within not more than one second by the appearance of the light and within not more than one-and-one-half seconds by the first extinction of the light.

6.10.   FRONT FOG LAMP

6.10.1.   Number

One or two.

6.10.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.10.3.   Position

6.10.3.1.

in width: for a single lamp the centre of reference shall be in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; or the edge of the illuminating surface which is nearest to that plane shall be not more than 250 mm away from it;

6.10.3.2.

in height: not less than 250 mm above the ground. No point on the illuminating surface shall be higher than the highest point on the illuminating surface of the passing beam headlamp.

6.10.3.3.

in length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement shall be deemed to be satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly, or indirectly through the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflecting surfaces of the vehicle.

6.10.4.   Geometric visibility

Defined by angles α and β as specified in paragraph 2.11:

α

=

5° upwards and downwards;

β

=

45° to left and to right for a single lamp, except for an off-centre light, in which case the inward angle β = 10°;

β

=

45° outwards and 10° inwards for each pair of lamps

6.10.5.   Orientation

Forwards. The lamp(s) may move in line with the steering angle.

6.10.6.   May not be combined with any other front lamp.

6.10.7.   ‘Circuit-closed’ tell-tale

Optional; non-flashing green signal.

6.10.8.   Other requirements

None.

6.10.9.   Electrical connections

It shall be possible to switch the fog lamp(s) on or off independently of the driving beam headlamp(s) and/or passing beam headlamp(s).

6.11.   REAR FOG LAMP

6.11.1.   Number

One or two.

6.11.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.11.3.   Position

6.11.3.1.

in height: not less than 250 mm nor more than 900 mm above the ground;

6.11.3.2.

in length at the rear of the vehicle.

6.11.3.3.

the distance between the illuminating surface of the rear fog lamp and that of the stop lamp shall not be less than 100 mm.

6.11.4.   Geometric visibility

Defined by angles α and β as specified in paragraph 2.11:

α

=

5° upwards and downwards;

β

=

25° to left and to right for a single lamp;

25° outwards and 10° inwards for each pair of lamps.

6.11.5.   Orientation

Rearwards.

6.11.6.   Electrical connections

They shall be such that the rear fog lamp can light up only when one or more of the following lamps are switched on: driving beam headlamp, passing beam headlamp, front fog lamp.

If there is a front fog lamp, it shall be possible to switch off the rear fog lamp independently of the front fog lamp.

The rear fog lamp(s) may continue to operate until the position lamps are switched off and they shall remain off until deliberately switched on again.

6.11.7.   ‘Circuit-closed’ tell-tale

Mandatory. Non-flashing amber signal lamp.

6.11.8.   Other requirements

None.

6.12.   SIDE RETRO-REFLECTOR, NON-TRIANGULAR

6.12.1.   Number per side

One or two.

6.12.2.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.12.3.   Position

6.12.3.1.

on the side of the vehicle.

6.12.3.2.

in height: not less than 300 mm nor more than 900 mm above the ground;

6.12.3.3.

in length: should be placed in such a position that under normal conditions it may not be masked by the driver’s or passenger’s clothes.

6.12.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles β = 30° to the front and to the rear.

Vertical angles α = 15° above and below the horizontal.

The vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5°, however, if the height of the retro-reflector is less than 750 mm.

6.12.5.   Orientation

The reference axis of the retro-reflectors must be perpendicular to the vehicle’s median longitudinal plane and directed outwards. The front side retro-reflectors may move with the steering angle.

6.13.   DAYTIME RUNNING LAMP

6.13.1.   Presence

Optional for motorcycles.

6.13.2.   Number

One or two of approved type according to Regulation No 87.

6.13.3.   Arrangement

No special requirement.

6.13.4.   Position

6.13.4.1.   In width:

6.13.4.1.1.

An independent daytime running lamp may be installed above, below or to one side of another front lamp: If these lamps are one above the other, the reference centre of the daytime running lamp shall be located within the medium longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side, the edge of the illuminating surface shall not be more than 250 mm from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.13.4.1.2.

A daytime running lamp, that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp (driving beam headlamp or front position lamp), shall be fitted in such a way that the edge of the illuminated surface lies not more than 250 mm from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.13.4.1.3.

Two daytime running lamps, of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, shall be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.13.4.1.4.

In the case of two daytime running lamps, the distance separating the illuminating surfaces shall not exceed 420 mm.

6.13.4.1.5.

The maximum separation distance is not applicable when the daytime running lamps:

(a)

Are grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated with another headlamp, or

(b)

Are within the projection of the frontal silhouette of the motorcycle on an orthogonal plane perpendicular to the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle.

6.13.4.2.   In height:

Above the ground not less than 250 mm and not more than 1 500 mm.

6.13.4.3.   In length:

At the front of the vehicle.

6.13.5.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal

:

Outwards 20° and inwards 10°.

Vertical

:

Upwards 10° and downwards 10°.

6.13.6.   Orientation

Towards the front. The lamp(s) may move in line with the steering angle.

6.13.7.   Electrical connections

6.13.7.1.   The daytime running lamp shall switch OFF automatically when the headlamps are switched ON, except when the latter are used to give intermittent luminous warnings at short intervals.

The rear position lamp shall be switched ON when the daytime running lamp(s) is/are switched ON. The front position lamp(s) and the rear-registration-plate illuminating device may be switched ON individually or together, when the daytime running lamp(s) is/are switched ON.

6.13.7.2.   If the distance between the front direction-indicator lamp and the daytime running lamp is equal or less than 40 mm, the electrical connections of the daytime running lamp on the relevant side of the vehicle may be such that either:

(a)

It is switched OFF; or

(b)

Its luminous intensity is reduced during the entire period (both ON and OFF cycle) of activation of a front direction-indicator lamp.

6.13.7.3.   If a direction indicator lamp is reciprocally incorporated with a daytime running lamp, the electrical connections of the daytime running lamp on the relevant side of the vehicle shall be such that the daytime running lamp is switched OFF during the entire period (both ON and OFF cycle) of activation of the direction-indicator lamp.

6.13.8.   Tell-tale

Closed-circuit green tell-tale, optional.

6.13.9.   Other requirements

The DRL symbol in ISO 2575:2004 — Road vehicles. Symbols for controls, indicators and tell-tales, may be used to inform the driver that the daytime running lamp is on.

7.   MODIFICATIONS OF THE VEHICLE TYPE OR OF THE INSTALLATION OF ITS LIGHTING AND LIGHT-SIGNALLING DEVICES

7.1.

Every modification of the vehicle type, or of the installation of its lighting or light-signalling devices, or of the list referred to in paragraph 3.2.2 above, shall be notified to the administrative department which approved that vehicle type. The department may then either;

7.1.1.

consider that the modification made are unlikely to have appreciable adverse effects and that in any case the vehicle still complies with the requirements; or

7.1.2.

require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting tests.

7.2.

Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.3 above to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.

7.3.

The Competent Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

8.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements:

8.1.

Motorcycles approved under this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approved, by meeting the requirements set out in paragraphs 5 and 6 above.

8.2.

The minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures set forth in Annex 5 to this Regulation shall be complied with.

8.3.

The authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the conformity control methods applied in each production facility. The normal frequency of these verifications shall be once a year.

9.   PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

9.1.

The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirement laid down in paragraph 8.1 above is not met or if the vehicle has failed to pass the checks prescribed in paragraph 8 above.

9.2.

If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

10.   PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

If the holder of an approval completely ceases to manufacture a vehicle type approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

11.   TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

11.1.

As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals under this Regulation as amended by Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments.

11.2.

As from 60 months after the date of entry into force mentioned in paragraph 11.1 above, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the vehicle type with regard to the number and mode of installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices corresponds to the requirements of the Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to this Regulation.

11.3.

Existing approvals granted under this Regulation before the date mentioned in paragraph 11.2 above shall remain valid. In the case of vehicles first registered more than 84 months after the date of entry into force mentioned in paragraph 11.1 above Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse the vehicle type with regard to the number and mode of installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices which do not meet the requirements of the Supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments to this Regulation.

12.   NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS

The Parties to the 1958 Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval, extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued, in other countries, are to be sent.


(1)  As defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2 as last amended by Amend.4).

(2)  The distinguishing numbers of the Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement are reproduced in Annex 3 to Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.2/Amend.1.

(3)  However, until 60 months after the date of entry into force of supplement 10 to the 01 series of amendments this operation may be manual without the use of tools. In such case the manufacturer shall provide in the vehicle owners’ manual instruction regarding such manual headlamp levelling.


ANNEX 1

COMMUNICATION

(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm))

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ANNEX 2

ARRANGEMENT OF APPROVAL MARKS

MODEL A

(see paragraph 4.4 of this Regulation)

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The above approval mark affixed to a motorcycle shows that the vehicle type concerned has, with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices, been approved in the Netherlands (E 4), pursuant to Regulation No 53, as amended by the 01 series of amendments. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of Regulation No 53.

MODEL B

(see paragraph 4.5 of this Regulation)

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The above approval mark affixed to a motorcycle shows that the vehicle type concerned has been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) pursuant to Regulations No 53 and No 78 (1). The approval numbers indicate that, at the dates when the respective approvals were granted, Regulation No 53 included the 01 series of amendments and Regulation No 78 already included the 02 series of amendments.


(1)  The second number is given merely as an example.


ANNEX 3

LAMP SURFACES, AXIS AND CENTRE OF REFERENCE, AND ANGLES OF GEOMETRIC VISIBILITY

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ILLUMINATING SURFACE IN COMPARISON WITH LIGHT-EMITTING SURFACE

(See paragraphs 2.9 and 2.8 of this Regulation)

SKETCH A

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Illuminating surface

Light-emitting surface

Edges are

a and b

c and d

SKETCH B

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Illuminating surface

Light-emitting surface

Edges are

a and b

c and d


ANNEX 4

FORWARD VISIBILITY OF RED LIGHTS AND REARWARD VISIBILITY OF WHITE LIGHTS

(See paragraph 5.9 of this Regulation)

Figure 1

Forward visibility of a red light

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Figure 2

Rearward visibility of a white light

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ANNEX 5

CONTROL OF CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

1.   TESTS

1.1.   Position of lamps

The position of the lamps as specified in paragraph 6 shall be checked in accordance with the general requirements set out in paragraph 5 of this Regulation. The values measured for the distances shall be such that the individual specifications applicable to each lamp are fulfilled.

1.2.   Visibility of lamps

1.2.1.   The angles of geometric visibility shall be checked in accordance with paragraph 2.11 of this Regulation. The values measured for the angles shall be such that the individual specifications applicable to each lamp are fulfilled except that the limits of the angles may have an allowance corresponding to the ± 3° variation permitted in paragraph 5.3 for the mounting of the light-signalling devices.

1.2.2.   The visibility of red light towards the front and of white light towards the rear shall be checked in accordance with paragraph 5.9 of this Regulation.

1.3.   Alignment of passing beam headlamps towards the front

1.3.1.   Initial downward inclination

(The initial downward inclination of the cut-off of the passing beam shall be checked against the requirements of paragraph 6.2.5).

1.4.   Electrical connections and tell-tales

The electrical connections shall be checked by switching on every lamp supplied by the electrical system of the motorcycle.

The lamps and tell-tales shall function in accordance with the provisions set out in paragraphs 5.10 to 5.12 of this Regulation and with the individual specifications, applicable to each lamp.

1.5.   Light intensities

1.5.1.   Driving beam headlamps

The aggregate maximum intensity of the driving beam headlamp(s) shall be such that the requirement in paragraph 6.1.9 of this Regulation is fulfilled.

1.6.   The presence, number, colour, arrangement and, where applicable, the category of lamps shall be checked by visual inspection of the lamps and their markings. These shall be such that the requirements set out in paragraph 5.13 and the individual specifications applicable to each lamp are fulfilled.


ANNEX 6

EXPLANATION ABOUT ‘THE HORIZONTAL INCLINATION’, ‘THE BANK ANGLE’ AND THE ANGLE ‘δ’

Figure 3

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