EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 42011X0909(02)

Regulation No 44 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles ( ‘Child Restraint Systems’ )

OJ L 233, 9.9.2011, p. 95–210 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

This document has been published in a special edition(s) (HR)

Legal status of the document In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2011/44(2)/oj

9.9.2011   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 233/95


Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date of entry into force of this Regulation should be checked in the latest version of the UN/ECE status document TRANS/WP.29/343, available at:

http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29fdocstts.html

Regulation No 44 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles (‘Child Restraint Systems’)

Incorporating all valid text up to:

Corrigendum 4 to Revision 2 of the Regulation — Date of entry into force: 10 November 2010

CONTENTS

REGULATION

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Markings

5.

Approval

6.

General specifications

7.

Particular specifications

8.

Description of tests

9.

Test report of type approval and production qualification

10.

Modifications and extension of approval of a type of child restraint system

11.

Production qualification

12.

Conformity of production and routine tests

13.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

14.

Production definitely discontinued

15.

Instructions

16.

Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of Administrative Departments

17.

Transitional provisions

ANNEXES

Annex 1 —

Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles, pursuant to Regulation No 44

Annex 2 —

Arrangements of the approval mark

Annex 3 —

Arrangement of apparatus for dust resistance test

Annex 4 —

Corrosion test

Annex 5 —

Abrasion and microslip test

Annex 6 —

Description of trolley

Annex 7 —

Curve of the trolley’s deceleration as a function of time

Appendix 1 —

Curves of the trolley’s deceleration or acceleration as a function of time. Frontal Impact

Appendix 2 —

Curves of the trolley’s deceleration or acceleration as a function of time. Rear Impact

Annex 8 —

Description of manikins

Appendix 1 —

Description of the 9 months and 3, 6 and 10-year manikins

Appendix 2 —

Description of the ‘new-born’ manikin

Appendix 3 —

Description of the 18 months manikin

Annex 9 —

Frontal impact test against a barrier

Annex 10 —

Rear impact test procedure

Annex 11 —

Additional anchorages required for attaching child restraints in the semi-universal category to motor vehicles

Annex 12 —

Chair

Annex 13 —

Standard safety-belt

Annex 14 —

Type approval scheme (flow chart ISO 9002:2000)

Annex 15 —

Explanatory notes

Annex 16 —

Control of conformity of production

Annex 17 —

Test of energy absorbing material

Annex 18 —

Method of defining head impact area of devices with backrests and for rearward-facing devices defining the minimum size of side wings

Annex 19 —

Description of conditioning of adjusters mounted directly on child restraints

Annex 20 —

Typical buckle strength test device

Annex 21 —

Dynamic crash test installation

Annex 22 —

Lower torso body block test

1.   SCOPE

1.1.   This Regulation applies to child restraint systems which are suitable for installation in power-driven vehicles having three or more wheels, and which are not intended for use with folding (tip-up) or with side-facing seats.

2.   DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of this Regulation:

2.1.

Child restraint system (‘restraint’) means an arrangement of components which may comprise the combination of straps or flexible components with a securing buckle, adjusting devices, attachments and in some cases a supplementary device as a carry cot, infant carrier, a supplementary chair and/or an impact shield, capable of being anchored to a power-driven vehicle. It is so designed as to diminish the risk of injury to the wearer, in the event of a collision or of abrupt deceleration of the vehicle, by limiting the mobility of the wearer’s body.

‘ISOFIX’ is a system for the connection of child restraint systems to vehicles which has two vehicle rigid anchorages, two corresponding rigid attachments on the child restraint system and a mean to limit the pitch rotation of the child restraint system.

2.1.1.

Child restraints fall into five ‘mass groups’:

2.1.1.1.

group 0 for children of a mass less than 10 kg;

2.1.1.2.

group 0+ for children of a mass less than 13 kg;

2.1.1.3.

group I for children of mass from 9 kg to 18 kg;

2.1.1.4.

group II for children of mass from 15 kg to 25 kg;

2.1.1.5.

group III for children of mass from 22 kg to 36 kg.

2.1.1.6.

ISOFIX Child restraint systems fall into 7 ISOFIX size classes described in Regulation No 16 Annex 17, Appendix 2:

A — ISO/F3

:

Full Height Forward Facing toddler CRS

B — ISO/F2

:

Reduced Height Forward Facing toddler CRS

B1 — ISO/F2X

:

Reduced Height Forward Facing Toddler CRS

C — ISO/R3

:

Full Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS

D — ISO/R2

:

Reduced Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS

E — ISO/R1

:

Rearward Facing infant CRS

F — ISO/L1

:

Left Lateral Facing position CRS (carry cot)

G — ISO/L2

:

Right Lateral Facing position CRS (carry cot)

Mass group

 

ISOFIX size category

0 — up to 10 kg

F

ISO/L1

G

ISO/L2

E

ISO/R1

0+ — up to 13 kg

C

ISO/R3

D

ISO/R2

E

ISO/R1

I — 9 to 18 kg

A

ISO/F3

B

ISO/F2

B1

ISO/F2X

C

ISO/R3

D

ISO/R2

2.1.2.

Child restraints fall into four ‘categories’:

2.1.2.1.

A ‘universal’ category for use as specified in paragraphs 6.1.1, 6.1.3.1, and 6.1.3.2 on most vehicle seat positions, and in particular those which have been assessed according to Regulation No 16 — as being compatible with such a category of child restraint.

2.1.2.2.

a ‘restricted’ category for use as specified in paragraphs 6.1.1 and 6.1.3.1 in designated seat positions for particular vehicle types as indicated by either the child restraint manufacturer or the vehicle manufacturer:

2.1.2.3.

a ‘semi-universal’ category for use as specified in paragraphs 6.1.1 and 6.1.3.2;

2.1.2.4.

a ‘specific vehicle’ category for use either;

2.1.2.4.1.

on specific vehicle types, in accordance with paragraphs 6.1.2 and 6.1.3.3; or

2.1.2.4.2.

as a ‘built in’ child restraint.

2.1.3.

The retention system of child restraint systems may be of two classes:

 

an integral class if the retention of the child within the restraint system is independent of any means directly connected to the vehicle;

 

a non-integral class if the retention of the child within the restraint system is dependent upon any means directly connected to the vehicle;

2.1.3.1.

‘partial restraint’ means a device, such as a booster cushion, which, when used in conjunction with an adult seat belt, which passes around the body of the child or restrains the device in which the child is placed, forms a complete child restraint system;

2.1.3.2.

‘booster cushion’ means a firm cushion, which can be used with an adult seat belt.

2.2.

‘Child-safety chair’ means a child restraint incorporating a chair in which the child is held.

2.3.

‘Belt’ means a child restraint comprising a combination of straps with a securing buckle, adjusting devices and attachments.

2.4.

‘Chair’ means a structure which is a constituent part of the child restraint and is intended to accommodate a child in a seated position;

2.4.1.

‘carry cot’ means a restraint system intended to accommodate and restrain the child in a supine or prone position with the child’s spine perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. It is so designed as to distribute the restraining forces over the child’s head and body excluding its limbs in the event of a collision;

2.4.2.

‘carry-cot restraint’ means a device used to restrain a carry cot to the structure of the vehicle;

2.4.3.

‘infant carrier’ means a restraint system intended to accommodate the child in a rearward-facing semi-recumbent position. It is so designed as to distribute the restraining forces over the child’s head and body excluding its limbs in the event of the frontal collision.

2.5.

‘Chair support’ means that part of a child restraint by which the chair can be raised.

2.6.

‘Child support’ means that part of a child restraint by which the child can be raised within the child restraint.

2.7.

‘Impact shield’ means a device secured in front of the child and designed to distribute the restraining forces over the greater part of the height of the child’s body in the event of a frontal impact.

2.8.

‘Strap’ means a flexible component designed to transmit forces;

2.8.1.

‘lap strap’ means a strap which, either in the form of a complete belt or in the form of a component of such a belt, passes across the front of, and restrains, the child’s pelvic region;

2.8.2.

‘shoulder restraint’ means that part of a belt which restrains the child’s upper torso;

2.8.3.

‘crotch strap’ means a strap (or divided straps, where two or more pieces of webbing make it) attached to the child restraint and the lap strap and is so positioned as to pass between the child’s thighs; it is designed to prevent the child sliding under the lap belt in normal use and prevent the lap belt moving up off the pelvis in an impact;

2.8.4.

‘child-restraining strap’ means a strap which is a constituent part of the belt and restrains only the body of the child;

2.8.5.

‘child-restraint attachment strap’ means a strap which attaches the child restraint to the structure of the vehicle and may be a part of the vehicle-seat retaining device;

2.8.6.

‘harness belt’ means a belt assembly comprising a lap belt, shoulder restraints and, where fitted, a crotch strap;

2.8.7.

‘Y-shaped belt’ means a belt where the combination of straps is formed by a strap to be guided between the child’s legs and a strap for each shoulder;

2.8.8.

‘guide strap’ means a strap which constrains the shoulder strap of the adult seat belt in a position to suit the child and where the effective position at which the shoulder strap changes direction can be adjusted by means of a device which can be moved up and down the strap to locate the wearer’s shoulder, and then locked into that position. This guide strap is not meant to carry a significant part of the dynamic load.

2.9.

‘Buckle’ means a quick release device which enables the child to be held by the restraint or the restraint by the structure of the car and can be quickly opened. The buckle may incorporate the adjusting device;

2.9.1.

‘enclosed buckle release button’, a buckle release button such that it must not be possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40 mm;

2.9.2.

‘non-enclosed buckle release button’, a buckle release button such that it must be possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40 mm.

2.10.

‘Adjusting device’ means a device enabling the restraint or its attachments to be adjusted to the physique of the wearer, the configuration of the vehicle, or both. The adjusting device may either be part of the buckle or be a retractor or any other part of the safety belt;

2.10.1.

‘quick adjuster’ means an adjusting device which can be operated by one hand in one smooth movement.

2.10.2.

‘adjuster mounted directly on child restraint’ means an adjuster for the integral harness which is directly mounted on the child restraint, as opposed to being directly supported by the webbing that it is designed to adjust.

2.11.

‘Attachments’ means parts of the child restraint, including securing components, which enable the child restraint to be firmly secured to the vehicle structure either directly or through the vehicle seat;

2.11.1.

‘Support leg’ means a permanent attachment to a child restraint creating a compressive load path between the child restraint and a vehicle structure in order to by-pass seat cushion effects during deceleration; a support leg may be adjustable.

2.12.

‘Energy absorber’ means a device which is designed to dissipate energy independently of or jointly with the strap and forms part of a child restraint.

2.13.

‘Retractor’ means a device designed to accommodate a part or the whole of the strap of a child restraint. The term covers the following devices:

2.13.1.

‘an automatically-locking retractor’, a retractor which allows extraction of the desired length of a strap and, when the buckle is fastened, automatically adjusts the strap to the wearer’s physique, further extraction of the strap without voluntary intervention by the wearer being prevented;

2.13.2.

‘an emergency-locking retractor’, a retractor which does not restrict the belt wearer’s freedom of movement in normal driving conditions. Such a device has length-adjusting devices which automatically adjust the strap to the wearer’s physique, and a locking mechanism actuated in an emergency by:

2.13.2.1.

deceleration of the vehicle, extraction of the strap from the retractor, or any other automatic means (single sensitivity); or

2.13.2.2.

a combination of any of these means (multiple sensitivity).

2.14.

‘Restraint anchorages’ means these parts of the vehicle structure or seat structure to which the child-restraint attachments are secured;

2.14.1.

‘additional anchorage’ means a part of the vehicle structure or of the vehicle seat structure, or any other part of the vehicle, to which a child restraint is intended to be secured and which is additional to the anchorages approved under Regulation No 14. This includes the trolley floor pan as described in Annex 6 or other structural features of a the specific vehicle(s) when loaded by a support leg.

2.14.2.

‘ISOFIX low anchorage’ means one 6 mm diameter rigid round horizontal bar, extending from vehicle or seat structure to accept and restrain an ISOFIX child restraint system with ISOFIX attachments;

2.14.3.

‘ISOFIX anchorages system’ means a system made up of two ISOFIX low anchorages fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No 14 which is designed for attaching an ISOFIX child restraint system in conjunction with an anti-rotation device;

2.14.4.

‘Anti-rotation device’

(a)

an anti-rotation device for an ISOFIX universal child restraint system consists of the ISOFIX top-tether;

(b)

an anti-rotation device for an ISOFIX semi-universal child restraint system consists of either a top tether, the vehicle dashboard or a support leg intended to limit the rotation of the restraint during a frontal impact;

(c)

for ISOFIX, universal and semi-universal, child restraint systems the vehicle seat itself does not constitute an anti-rotation device;

2.14.5.

‘ISOFIX top tether anchorage’ means a feature fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No 14, such as a bar, located in a defined zone, designed to accept an ISOFIX top tether strap connector and transfer its restraint force to the vehicle structure.

2.15.

‘Forward-facing’ means facing in the normal direction of travel of the vehicle.

2.16.

‘Rearward-facing’ means facing in the direction opposite to the normal direction of travel of the vehicle.

2.17.

‘Inclined position’ means a special position of the chair which allows the child to recline.

2.18.

‘Lying down/supine/prone position’ means a position where at least the child’s head and body excluding its limbs are on a horizontal surface when at rest in the restraint.

2.19.

‘Child-restraint type’ means child restraints which do not differ in such essential respects as:

2.19.1.

the category, and the mass group(s) for which and the position and orientation (as defined in paragraphs 2.15 and 2.16) in which the restraint is intended to be used;

2.19.2.

the geometry of the child restraint;

2.19.3.

the dimensions, mass, material and colour of:

 

the seat;

 

the padding; and

 

the impact shield;

2.19.4.

the material, weave, dimensions and colour of the straps;

2.19.5.

the rigid components (buckle, attachments, etc.).

2.20.

‘Vehicle seat’ means a structure, which may or may not be integral with the vehicle structure, complete with trim and intended to seat one adult person. In this respect:

2.20.1.

‘group of vehicle seats’ means either a bench seat or a plurality of seats which are separate but side by side (i.e. so fixed that the front anchorages of one seat are in line with the front or rear anchorages of another seat or on a line passing between those anchorages), each seat accommodating one or more seated adult persons;

2.20.2.

‘vehicle bench seat’ means a structure complete with trim and intended to seat more than one adult person;

2.20.3.

‘vehicle front seats’ means the group of seats situated foremost in the passenger compartment, i.e. having no other seat directly in front of them;

2.20.4.

‘vehicle rear seats’ are fixed, forward-facing seats situated behind another group of vehicle seats;

2.20.5.

‘ISOFIX position’ means a system which allows to install:

(a)

either an universal ISOFIX forward facing child restraint system as defined in this Regulation;

(b)

or a semi-universal ISOFIX forward facing child restraint system as defined in this Regulation;

(c)

or a semi-universal ISOFIX rearward facing child restraint system as defined in this Regulation;

(d)

or a semi-universal ISOFIX lateral facing position child restraint system as defined in this Regulation;

(e)

or a specific vehicle ISOFIX child restraint system as defined in this Regulation.

2.21.

‘Adjustment system’ means the complete device by which the vehicle seat or its parts can be adjusted to suit the physique of the seat’s adult occupant; this device may, in particular, permit:

2.21.1.

longitudinal displacement; and/or

2.21.2.

vertical displacement; and/or

2.21.3.

angular displacement.

2.22.

‘Vehicle seat anchorage’ means the system, including the affected parts of the vehicle structure, by which the adult seat as a whole is secured to the vehicle structure.

2.23.

‘Seat type’ means a category of adult seats which do not differ in such essential respects as:

2.23.1.

the shape, dimensions and materials of the seat structure;

2.23.2.

the types and dimensions of the seat-lock adjustment and locking systems; and

2.23.3.

the type and dimensions of the adult safety-belt anchorage on the seat, of the seat anchorage, and of the affected parts of the vehicle structure.

2.24.

‘Displacement system’ means a device enabling the adult seat or one of its parts to be displaced angularly or longitudinally, without a fixed intermediate position, to facilitate the entry and exit of passengers and the loading and unloading of objects.

2.25.

‘Locking system’ means a device ensuring that the adult seat and its parts are maintained in the position of use.

2.26.

‘Lock-off device’ is a device which locks and prevents movement of one section of the webbing of an adult safety-belt relative to another section of the webbing of the same belt. Such devices may act upon either diagonal or lap section or secure together both lap and diagonal sections of the adult belt. The term covers the following classes:

2.26.1.

‘Class A device’, a device that prevents the child pulling webbing from the retractor through to the lap part of the belt, when the adult belt is used to restrain the child directly;

2.26.2.

‘Class B device’, a device that allows the retention of an applied tension in the lap part of an adult safety-belt, when the adult belt is used to restrain the child restraint. The device is intended to prevent webbing slipping from the retractor through the device, which would release the tension and place the restraint in a non-optimal position.

2.27.

‘Special Needs Restraint’ is a child restraint system designed for children who have special needs as a result of either a physical or mental handicap; this device may in particular permit additional restraining devices for any part of the child, but it must contain as a minimum a primary means of restraint which complies with the requirements of this Regulation.

2.28.

‘ISOFIX attachment’ means one of the two connections, fulfilling the requirement of paragraph 6.3.2 of this Regulation, extending from the ISOFIX child restraint system structure, and compatible with an ISOFIX low anchorage.

2.29.

‘ISOFIX child restraint system’ means a child restraint system which has to be attached to an ISOFIX anchorage system fulfilling the requirement of Regulation No 14.

2.30.

‘Seat bight’ means the area close to the intersection of the surfaces of the vehicle seat cushion and the seat back.

2.31.

‘Vehicle seat fixture (VSF)’ means a fixture, according to ISOFIX size classes defined in paragraph 2.1.1.7 and whose dimension are given in Figures 1 to 6 of Annex 17 Appendix 2 of Regulation No 16, used by a child restraint manufacturer to determine the appropriate dimensions of an ISOFIX child restraint system and the location of its ISOFIX attachments.

2.32.

‘ISOFIX top tether connector’ means a device intended to be attached to an ISOFIX top tether anchorage.

2.33.

‘ISOFIX top tether hook’ means an ISOFIX top tether connector typically used to attach an ISOFIX top tether strap to an ISOFIX top tether anchorage as defined in Figure 3 of Regulation No 14.

2.34.

‘ISOFIX top tether strap’ means a webbing strap (or equivalent) which extends from the top of an ISOFIX child restraint system to the ISOFIX top tether anchorage, and which is equipped with an adjustment device, a tension-relieving device, and an ISOFIX top tether connector.

2.35.

‘ISOFIX top tether attachment’ is a device to secure the ISOFIX top tether strap to the ISOFIX child restraint system.

2.36.

‘A tension relieving device’ means a system which allow to release the device which adjust and maintain the tension in the ISOFIX top tether strap.

2.37.

‘Adult safety-belt webbing guide’ means a device through which the adult belt passes for its correct routing, that allows free webbing movement.

2.38.

‘type approval test’, means a test to determine the extent to which a child restraint system type submitted for approval is capable of satisfying the requirements.

2.39.

‘production qualification test’, means a test to determine whether the manufacturer is able to produce a child restraint system in conformity with the child restraint systems submitted for type approval.

2.40.

‘Routine testing’, means the testing of a number of restraint systems selected from a single batch to verify the extent to which they satisfy the requirements.

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.   The application for approval of a type of child restraint shall be submitted by the holder of the trade mark or by his duly accredited representative, and follow the type approval scheme described in Annex 14.

3.2.   The application for approval, relating to each type of child restraint, shall be accompanied by:

3.2.1.

a technical description of the child restraint, specifying the straps and other materials used, and accompanied by drawings of the parts making up the child restraint and in the case of retractors, installation instructions for these retractors and their sensing devices, declaration on toxicity (paragraph 6.1.5) and flammability (paragraph 6.1.6), the drawings must show the position intended for the approval number and additional symbol(s) in relation to the circle of the approval mark. The description shall mention the colour of the model submitted for approval;

3.2.2.

four samples of the child restraint;

3.2.3.

a 10-metre length of each category of strap used in the child restraint; and

3.2.4.

additional samples shall be supplied at the request of the Technical Service responsible for conducting the test;

3.2.5.

instructions and details of packaging in accordance with paragraph 15 below;

3.2.6.

in case of carry cots, if the carry-cot restraint may be used in combination with a number of types of carry cots, the restraint manufacturer shall supply a list of the latter.

3.3.   Where an approved adult safety belt is used to secure the child restraint, the application must stipulate the category of adult safety belt to be used, e.g. static lap belts.

3.4.   The Approval Authority of a Contracting Party must verify, before granting type approval the existence of satisfactory arrangements and procedures for ensuring effective control so that child restraint systems, equipment or parts when in production conform to the approved type.

4.   MARKINGS

4.1.   The samples of child restraint submitted for approval in conformity with the provisions of paragraphs 3.2.2 and 3.2.3 above shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the manufacturer’s name, initials or trade mark.

4.2.   One of the parts made of plastics of the child restraint device (such as shell, impact shield, booster cushion, etc.), except the belt(s) or harness, shall be marked clearly (and indelibly) with the year of production.

4.3.   If the restraint is to be used in combination with an adult safety belt the correct routing of the webbing shall be clearly indicated by means of a drawing permanently attached to the restraint. If the restraint is held in place by the adult safety-belt, the routes of the webbing shall be clearly marked on the product by colour coding. The colours for the safety-belt route to be used when the device is installed forward facing shall be red and when installed rear-facing shall be blue. The same colours shall also be used on the labels on the device that illustrate the methods of use.

There must be a clear differentiation between the intended routes for the lap section and the diagonal section of the safety belt. Indication such as colour coding, words, shapes, etc. shall distinguish each section of the safety belt.

In any illustration of the belt route on the product, the orientation of the child restraint relative to the vehicle must be clearly indicated. Belt route diagrams that do not show the vehicle seat are not acceptable.

The marking defined in this paragraph shall be visible with the restraint in the vehicle. For group 0 restraints, this marking shall also be visible with the child in the restraint.

4.4.   On the visible inner surface (including the side wing beside the child’s head) in the approximate area where the child’s head rests within the child restraint, rearward facing restraints shall have the following label permanently attached (the text information shown is a minimum).

This label shall be provided in the language(s) of the country where the device is sold.

Label minimum size: 60 × 120 mm

The label shall be stitched to the cover around its entire perimeter and/or permanently bonded to the cover over its entire back surface. Any other form of attachment that is permanent and not liable to removal from the product or to becoming obscured is acceptable. Flag type labels are specifically prohibited.

If sections of the restraint or any accessories supplied by the child restraint manufacturer are able to obscure the label an additional label is required. One warning label shall be permanently visible in all situations when the restraint is prepared for use in any configuration.

Image 1

Label outline, vertical and horizontal line black

Artwork black with white background

Bottom text black with white background

Circle and line red with white background

Top text and symbol black with yellow background

WARNING

DO NOT place rear-facing child seat on front seat with airbag

DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY can occur

4.5.   In the case of child restraints that can be used forward and rear-facing, include the words:

‘IMPORTANT — DO NOT USE FORWARD FACING BEFORE THE CHILD’S WEIGHT EXCEEDS … (Refer to instructions)’

4.6.   In the case of child restraints with alternative belt routes, the alternative load bearing contact points between the child restraint and the adult safety-belt must be permanently marked. This marking shall indicate that it is the alternative belt route, and shall conform with the above coding requirements for forward and rearward facing seats.

4.7.   If the child restraint offers alternative load bearing contact points, the marking required in paragraph 4.3 shall include an indication that the alternative belt route is described in the instructions.

4.8.   ISOFIX Marking

If the product includes ISOFIX attachments, the following information must be permanently visible to someone installing the restraint in a vehicle:

The ISO ISOFIX logo followed by the letter(s) that is/are appropriate for the ISOFIX size class(es) into which the product fits. As a minimum, a symbol consisting of a circle with a diameter of minimum 13 mm and containing a pictogram, the pictogram shall contrast with the background of the circle. The pictogram shall be clearly visible either by means of contrast colours or by adequate relief if it is moulded or embossed.

Image 2

B, C and F

The following information may be conveyed by pictograms and/or text. The marking must indicate:

(a)

the essential relevant steps needed for making the seat ready for installation. For example, the method of extending the ISOFIX latch system must be explained;

(b)

the position, function, and interpretation of any indicator must be explained;

(c)

the position and if necessary the routing of top tethers, or other means of limiting seat rotation requiring action by the user, must be indicated using one of the following symbols as appropriate;

Image 3

(d)

the adjustment of ISOFIX latches and the top tether, or other means of limiting seat rotation, requiring action of the user must be indicated;

(e)

the marking must be permanently attached and be visible to a user installing the seat;

(f)

where necessary reference should be made to the child restraint user instructions and to the location of that document using the symbol below.

Image 4

5.   APPROVAL

5.1.   Each sample submitted in conformity with paragraphs 3.2.2 and 3.2.3 above shall meet the specifications set forth in paragraphs 6 to 8 of this Regulation in every respect before approval can be granted.

5.2.   An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 04 corresponding to the 04 series of amendments which entered into force on 12 September 1995) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another type of child restraint covered by this Regulation.

5.3.   Notice of approval or of extension or refusal of approval of a child restraint pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

5.4.   In addition to the marks prescribed in paragraph 4 above, the following particulars shall be affixed in a suitable space to every child restraint conforming to a type approved under this Regulation:

5.4.1.

an international approval mark consisting of:

5.4.1.1.

a circle surrounding the letter ‘E’ followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval (1);

5.4.1.2.

an approval number;

5.4.2.

the following additional symbols:

5.4.2.1.

the word(s) ‘universal’, ‘restricted’, ‘semi-universal’ or ‘vehicle specific’ depending on the category of restraint;

5.4.2.2.

the mass range for which the child restraint has been designed, namely, 0-10 kg; 0-13 kg; 9-18 kg; 15-25 kg; 22-36 kg; 0-18 kg; 9-25 kg; 15-36 kg; 0-25 kg; 9-36 kg; 0-36 kg;

5.4.2.3.

the symbol ‘Y’, in the case of a device containing a crotch strap, in conformity with the requirements of supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments to the Regulation;

5.4.2.4.

the symbol ‘S’ in the case of a ‘Special Needs Restraint’.

5.5.   Annex 2 to this Regulation gives an example of the arrangement of the approval mark.

5.6.   The particulars referred to in paragraph 5.4 above shall be clearly legible and be indelible, and may be affixed either by means of a label or by direct marking. The label or marking shall be resistant to wear.

5.7.   The labels referred to in paragraph 5.6 above may be issued either by the authority which has granted the approval or, subject to that authority’s authorisation, by the manufacturer.

6.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1.   Positioning and securing on the vehicle

6.1.1.   The use of child restraints in the ‘universal’, ‘semi-universal’ and ‘restricted’ categories is permitted in the front and rear seat positions if the restraints are fitted in conformity with the manufacturer’s instructions.

6.1.2.   The use of child restraints in the ‘specific vehicle’ category is permitted in all seat positions and also in the luggage area if the restraints are fitted in conformity with the manufacturer’s instructions. In the case of a rear-facing restraint, the design must ensure that support for the child’s head is provided whenever the restraint is ready to use. This is to be determined as a line perpendicular to the seat back through the eye line, the point of intersection shall be at least 40 mm below the start of radius of such a head support.

6.1.3.   According to the category which it belongs to, the child restraint shall be secured to the vehicle structure or to the seat structure.

POSSIBLE CONFIGURATIONS FOR APPROVAL

GROUPS/CATEGORIES TABLE

GROUP CATEGORY

Universal (2)

Semi-universal (3)

Restricted

Specific Vehicle

CRS

ISOFIXCRS

CRS

ISOFIXCRS

CRS

ISOFIXCRS

CRS

ISOFIXCRS

0

Carry cot

A

NA

A

A

A

NA

A

A

Rearward facing

A

NA

A

A

A

NA

A

A

0+

Rearward facing

A

NA

A

A

A

NA

A

A

I

Rearward facing

A

NA

A

A

A

NA

A

A

Forward facing

(integral)

A

A

A

A

A

NA

A

A

Forward facing

(non-integral)

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Forward facing

(non-integral — see point 6.1.12)

A

NA

A

NA

A

NA

A

A

II

Rearward facing

A

NA

A

NA

A

NA

A

A

Forward facing

(integral)

A

NA

A

NA

A

NA

A

A

Forward facing

(non-integral)

A

NA

A

NA

A

NA

A

A

III

Rearward facing

A

NA

A

NA

A

NA

A

A

Forward facing

(integral)

A

NA

A

NA

A

NA

A

A

Forward facing

(non-integral)

A

NA

A

NA

A

NA

A

A

With:

CRS: Child restraint system

A: Applicable

NA: Not Applicable

6.1.3.1.   For the ‘universal’ and ‘restricted’ categories, by means of an adult safety-belt (with or without a retractor) meeting the requirements of Regulation No 16 (or equivalent) fitted to anchorages meeting the requirements of Regulation No 14 (or equivalent).

6.1.3.2.   For ISOFIX ‘universal’ child restraint systems by means of ISOFIX attachments and ISOFIX top tether strap meeting the requirements of this Regulation fitted to ISOFIX anchorages system and ISOFIX top tether anchorage meeting the requirements of Regulation No 14.

6.1.3.3.   For the ‘semi-universal’ category: by means of the lower anchorages prescribed in Regulation No 14 and additional anchorages meeting the recommendation of Annex 11 to this Regulation.

6.1.3.4.   For ISOFIX ‘semi-universal’ Child Restraint Systems by means of ISOFIX attachments and ISOFIX top tether strap or a support leg or vehicle dashboard, meeting the requirements of this Regulation fitted to ISOFIX anchorages and/or to ISOFIX top tether anchorage meeting the requirements of Regulation No 14.

6.1.3.5.   For the ‘specific vehicle’ category: by means of the anchorages designed by the manufacturer of the vehicle or the manufacturer of the child restraint.

6.1.3.6.   In the case of child restraining straps or child restraint attachment strap utilising belt anchorages to which are already fitted an adult belt or belts, the Technical Service shall check that:

 

the effective adult anchorage position is as approved under Regulation No 14 or equivalent;

 

effective operation of both devices is not hindered by the other;

 

the buckles of the adult and additional system must not be interchangeable.

In the case of child restraining devices utilising bars, or extra devices attached to the anchorages approved under Regulation No 14, which move the effective anchorage position outside the field of Regulation No 14, the following points shall apply:

 

such devices will only be approved as semi-universal or specific vehicle devices;

 

the Technical Service shall apply the requirements of Annex 11 to this Regulation to the bar and the fastenings;

 

the bar will be included in the dynamic test, with the loading being applied to the mid-position and the bar and its greatest extension, if adjustable;

 

the effective position and operation of any adult anchorage by which the bar is fixed shall not be impaired.

6.1.3.7.   Child restraints utilising a support leg shall only be approved under the ‘semi-universal’ or the ‘specific vehicle’ category and the requirements of Annex 11 to this Regulation shall be applied. The manufacturer of the child restraint system shall take into account the needs of the support leg for their correct functioning in each vehicle and provide this information.

6.1.4.   A booster cushion must be restrained by either an adult belt, using the test as specified in paragraph 8.1.4, or by separate means.

6.1.5.   The child restraint manufacturer has to declare in written form that the toxicity of materials used in the manufacture of restraint systems and accessible to the restrained child is in conformity with the relevant parts of CEN Safety of Toys, part 3 (June 1982) (4). Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of the test authority. This paragraph does not apply to restraint devices of groups II and III.

6.1.6.   The child restraint manufacturer has to declare in written form that the flammability of materials used to manufacture the restraint system is in conformity with the relevant paragraphs of the ECE Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1, paragraph 1.20). Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of the test authority.

6.1.7.   In the case of rearward-facing child restraints supported by the vehicle dashboard, for the purpose of approval to this Regulation the dashboard is assumed to be sufficiently rigid.

6.1.8.   In the case of a child restraint system of the ‘universal’ category, except ISOFIX universal child restraint systems, the main load-bearing contact point, between the child restraint and the adult safety-belt shall not be less than 150 mm from the Cr axis when measured with the child restraint on the dynamic test bench. This shall apply to all adjustment configurations. Additional alternative belt routes are allowed. Where an alternative belt route exists, the manufacturer must make specific reference to the alternative route in the user instructions, as required in paragraph 15. When tested, using such alternative belt route(s), the restraint shall comply with all the requirements of the Regulation with the exception of this paragraph.

6.1.9.   If the adult belt is required to secure a ‘universal’ category child restraint, its maximum length to be used on the dynamic test bench is defined in Annex 13 to this Regulation.

To check compliance with this requirement, the child restraint shall be secured onto the test bench using the appropriate standard seat belt described in Annex 13. The dummy shall not be installed unless the design of the restraint is such that the installation of a dummy would increase the amount of belt used. With the child restraint in the installed position there shall be no tension in the belt apart from that exerted by the standard retractor, where fitted. Where the retractor belt is used, this condition shall be met with at least 150 mm of belt remaining on the spool.

6.1.10.   Child restraints of groups 0 and 0+ shall not be used forward facing.

6.1.11.   Child restraint systems of groups 0 and 0+, with the exception of carry cots as defined in paragraph 2.4.1, shall belong to the integral class.

6.1.12.   Child restraint systems of group I shall belong to the integral class unless they are fitted with an impact shield as defined in paragraph 2.7.

6.2.   Configuration

6.2.1.   The configuration of the restraint shall be such that:

6.2.1.1.

the restraint gives the required protection in any intended position of the restraint system; for ‘Special Needs Restraints’ the primary means of restraint shall give the required protection in any intended position of the restraint system without the use of the additional restraining devices which may be present;

6.2.1.2.

the child is easily and quickly installed and removed; in the case of a child restraint system in which the child is restrained by means of a harness belt or a Y-shaped belt without a retractor each shoulder restraint and lap strap shall be capable of movement relative to each other during the procedure prescribed in paragraph 7.2.1.4.

In these cases the belt assembly of the child restraint system may be designed with two or more connecting parts. For ‘Special Needs Restraints’ it is recognised that the additional restraining devices will restrict the speed by which a child can be installed and removed. However, the additional devices shall be designed to release quickly so far as possible;

6.2.1.3.

if it is possible to change the inclination of the restraint, this change in inclination shall not require manual readjustment of the straps. A deliberate hand-action is required in order to change the inclination of the restraint;

6.2.1.4.

the groups 0, 0+ and I restraint systems shall keep the child so positioned as to give the required protection even when the child is asleep;

6.2.1.5.

to prevent submarining, either by impact or through restlessness, a crotch strap shall be required on all forward-facing group I restraints incorporating an integral harness belt system. With the crotch strap attached, and in its longest position if adjustable, it shall not be possible to adjust the lap strap to lie above the pelvis in either the 9 kg or the 15 kg dummy.

6.2.2.   For groups I, II and III, all restraint devices utilising a ‘lap strap’ must positively guide the ‘lap strap’ to ensure that the loads transmitted by the ‘lap strap’ are transmitted through the pelvis.

6.2.3.   All straps of the restraint shall be so placed that they cannot cause discomfort to the wearer in normal use or assume a dangerous configuration. The distance between the shoulder-straps in the vicinity of the neck should be at least the width of the neck of the appropriate manikin.

6.2.4.   The assembly shall not subject weak parts of the child’s body (abdomen, crotch, etc.) to excessive stresses. The design shall be such that compression loads shall not be imposed on the crown of the child’s head in the event of a collision.

6.2.4.1.

Y-shaped belts may only be used in rearward facing and lateral facing child restraint systems (carrycots).

6.2.5.   The child restraint shall be so designed and installed as:

6.2.5.1.

to minimise the danger of injury to the child or to other occupants of the vehicle through sharp edges or protrusions (as defined in Regulation No 21, for example);

6.2.5.2.

not to exhibit sharp edges or protrusions liable to cause damage to vehicle-seat covers or to occupant’s clothing;

6.2.5.3.

not to subject weak parts of the child’s body (abdomen, crotch, etc.) to supplementary inertial forces it sets up;

6.2.5.4.

to ensure that its rigid parts do not, at points where they are in contact with straps, exhibit sharp edges capable of abrading the straps.

6.2.6.   Any part made separable to enable components to be fixed and detached shall be so designed as to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly and use so far as possible. ‘Special Needs Restraints’ may have additional restraining devices; these shall be designed to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly and that their means of release and mode of operation is immediately obvious to a rescuer in an emergency.

6.2.7.   Where the child restraint intended for group I, group II and groups I and II combined includes a chair back, the internal height of the latter, determined in accordance with the diagram in Annex 12, shall be not less than 500 mm.

6.2.8.   Only automatically-locking retractors or emergency-locking retractors may be used.

6.2.9.   For devices intended for use in group I it must not be possible for the child to easily slacken that part of the system that restrains the pelvis after the child has been installed; for this purpose the requirements of paragraph 7.2.5 (lock-off devices) shall be fulfilled; any device that is designed to obtain this must be permanently attached to the child restraint system.

6.2.10.   A child restraint may be designed for use in more than one mass group and/or by more than one child, provided that it is able to satisfy the requirements laid down for each of the groups concerned. A child restraint in the ‘universal’ category must meet the requirements of that category for all mass groups for which it has been approved.

6.2.11.   Child restraints with retractor

In the case of a child restraint incorporating a retractor, the retractor shall have met the requirements of paragraph 7.2.3 below.

6.2.12.   In case of booster cushions, the ease with which the straps and tongue of an adult belt pass through the fixture points must be examined. This goes particularly for booster cushions which are designed for the front seats of cars, which may have long semi-rigid stalks. The fixed buckle should not be allowed to pass through the fixture points of booster seats, or to permit a lie of belt completely different from that of the test-trolley.

6.2.13.   If the child restraint is designed for more than one child, each restraint system shall be fully independent with regard to load transfer and adjustments.

6.2.14.   The child restraints incorporating inflatable elements shall be so designed that the conditions of use (pressure, temperature, humidity) have no influence on their ability to comply with the requirements of this Regulation.

6.3.   ISOFIX restraint specifications

6.3.1.   General characteristics

6.3.1.1.   Dimensions

The maximum lateral, downward, and rearward dimensions for the ISOFIX child restraint system and the locations of the ISOFIX anchorages system with which its attachments must engage are defined for the ISOFIX child restraint system manufacturer by the Vehicle Seat Fixture (VSF) defined by paragraph 2.31 of this Regulation.

6.3.1.2.   Mass

The mass of an ISOFIX child restraint system of universal and semi-universal categories and of mass groups 0, 0+, I shall not exceed 15 kg.

6.3.2.   ISOFIX Attachments

6.3.2.1.   Type

ISOFIX Attachments may be according to examples shown in Figure 0 (a), or other appropriate designs that are part of a rigid mechanism having provision for adjustment, the nature of which is determined by the ISOFIX child restraint system manufacturer.

Figure 0 (a)

Key

Image 5

6.3.2.2.   Dimensions

Dimensions for the portion of the ISOFIX child restraint system attachment that engages the ISOFIX anchorage system must not exceed the maximum dimensions given by the envelope in Figure 0 (b)

Figure 0 (b)

Image 6

6.3.2.3.   Partial latching indication

The ISOFIX child restraint system shall incorporate means by which there is a clear indication that both of the ISOFIX attachments are completely latched with the corresponding ISOFIX lower anchorages. The indication means may be audible, tactile or visual or a combination of two or more. In case of visual indication it must be detectable under all normal lighting conditions.

6.3.3.   ISOFIX child restraint top tether strap specifications

6.3.3.1.   Top tether connector

The top tether connector should be ISOFIX top tether hook as shown in Figure 0 (c), or similar devices that fit within the envelope given by Figure 0 (c).

6.3.3.2.   ISOFIX Top tether strap features

The ISOFIX top tether strap shall be supported by webbing (or its equivalent), having a provision for adjustment and release of tension.

6.3.3.2.1.   ISOFIX Top tether strap length

ISOFIX Child restraint top tether strap length shall be at least 2 000 mm.

6.3.3.2.2.   No-slack indicator

The ISOFIX top tether strap or the ISOFIX child seat shall be equipped with a device that will indicate that all slack has been removed from the strap. The device may be part of adjustment and tension relieving device.

6.3.3.2.3.   Dimensions

Engagement dimensions for ISOFIX top tether hooks are shown in Figure 0 (c).

Figure 0 (c)

ISOFIX Top tether connector (hook type) dimensions