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Document 32023R0989

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2023/989 of 22 May 2023 amending Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these tasks, and correcting that Regulation

C/2023/3206

OJ L 135, 23.5.2023, p. 53–110 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2023/989/oj

23.5.2023   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 135/53


COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2023/989

of 22 May 2023

amending Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these tasks, and correcting that Regulation

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2018 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Union Aviation Safety Agency, and amending Regulations (EC) No 2111/2005, (EC) No 1008/2008, (EU) No 996/2010, (EU) No 376/2014 and Directives 2014/30/EU and 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 552/2004 and (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 (1), and in particular Article 17(1) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 (2) lays down the requirements for the continuing airworthiness of aircraft, including the qualifications and licences of the personnel responsible for the release to service of products after maintenance.

(2)

The term ‘complex motor-powered aircraft’ had been defined in Article 3, point (j), of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (3), and was repealed by Regulation (EU) 2018/1139. In accordance with Article 140(2), point (b), of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139, Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 is to be adapted to Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 as regards the definition of that term.

(3)

In order to enhance the efficiency of the maintenance licencing and training system, it is necessary to introduce changes to the requirements on maintenance licences and training organisations set out in Annex III (Part-66) and Annex IV (Part-147) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014.

(4)

In particular, it is necessary to facilitate the type rating endorsement of aircraft on the maintenance licenses when there are no organisations approved in accordance with Annex IV to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 offering type training on that aircraft, maintaining the same level of safety and a level playing field. It is also necessary to update the basic training syllabus of the certifying staff involved in the aircraft maintenance, enhance the efficiency of the ‘on-the-job training’ required for the first type rating endorsement in the maintenance licence category and to introduce new training methods and teaching technologies and other improvements as part of the regular update of the rules in that Annex.

(5)

Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(6)

The amendments are based on Opinion No 07/2022 (4) of the European Union Aviation Safety Agency in accordance with Article 75(2), point (b), and Article 76(1) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139.

(7)

A sufficient transition period should be provided for maintenance training organisations and licencing authorities to ensure their compliance with the new rules and procedures introduced by this Regulation.

(8)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1360 (5) amended Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 to include references to data and information used for continuing airworthiness established in accordance with the new Annex Ib to Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 (6).

(9)

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1360 inadvertently deleted point (3) of point M.A.302(d) of Annex I (Part-M) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 and points (3) to (9) of point ML.A.302(c) of Annex Vb (Part-ML) to that Regulation, which should have been retained. Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1360 also inadvertently added another point (e) to point M.A.502 of Annex I (Part-M) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 instead of replacing it.

(10)

Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 should therefore be corrected accordingly.

(11)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the committee established by Article 127 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 is amended as follows:

(1)

Article 2 is amended as follows:

(a)

point (t) is replaced by the following:

‘(t)

‘management systems harmonisation’ means the coordinated process by which the management systems of two or more organisations interact and share information and methods to reach common or consistent safety and compliance monitoring objectives;’;

(b)

the following point (u) is added:

‘(u)

‘complex motor-powered aircraft’ means:

(i)

an aeroplane:

with a maximum certificated take-off mass exceeding 5 700 kg, or

certificated for a maximum passenger seating configuration of more than nineteen, or

certificated for operation with a minimum crew of at least two pilots, or

equipped with (a) turbojet engine(s) or more than one turboprop engine, or

(ii)

a helicopter certificated:

for a maximum take-off mass exceeding 3 175 kg, or

for a maximum passenger seating configuration of more than nine, or

for operation with a minimum crew of at least two pilots, or

(iii)

a tilt rotor aircraft;’;

(2)

Article 6 is amended as follows:

(a)

the title is replaced by the following:

‘Requirements applicable to training organisations and competent authorities issuing licenses’;

(b)

the following paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 are added:

‘4.   Any basic training course, or part thereof, that commenced before 12 June 2024 shall be finished, including any related examination, before 12 June 2026. The corresponding certificates of recognition shall also be issued before 12 June 2026.

5.   Certificates of recognition referred in paragraph 4 shall be issued in accordance with this Regulation in its version applicable before 12 June 2024.

6.   For the purpose of the issue or change of an aircraft maintenance licence in accordance with Annex III (Part-66) after 12 June 2024, the competent authority shall accept an applicant’s basic knowledge examination status corresponding to this Regulation in its version applicable before 12 June 2024, as meeting the requirements of this Regulation in its version applicable from 12 June 2024’;

(3)

Annex III (Part-66) is amended in accordance with Annex I to this Regulation;

(4)

Annex IV (Part-147) is amended in accordance with Annex II to this Regulation.

Article 2

Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 is corrected as follows:

(1)

Annex I (Part-M) is corrected in accordance with Annex III to this Regulation;

(2)

Annex Vb (Part-ML) is corrected in accordance with Annex IV to this Regulation.

Article 3

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 12 June 2024.

However, Article 1(1) and Article 2 shall apply from 12 June 2023.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 22 May 2023.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)   OJ L 212, 22.8.2018, p. 1.

(2)  Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 of 26 November 2014 on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these tasks (OJ L 362, 17.12.2014, p. 1).

(3)  Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive 91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC (OJ L 79, 19.3.2008, p. 1).

(4)  https://www.easa.europa.eu/document-library/opinions

(5)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1360 of 28 July 2022 amending Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 as regards the implementation of more proportionate requirements for aircraft used for sport and recreational aviation (OJ L 205, 5.8.2022, p. 115).

(6)  Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 of 3 August 2012 laying down implementing rules for the airworthiness and environmental certification of aircraft and related products, parts and appliances, as well as for the certification of design and production organisations (OJ L 224, 21.8.2012, p. 1).


ANNEX I

ANNEX III (Part-66) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 is amended as follows:

(1)

the table of contents is amended as follows:

(a)

the following point 66.B.2 is inserted after point 66.B.1:

‘66.B.2

Means of compliance’;

(b)

the following point 66.B.135 is inserted after point 66.B.130:

‘66.B.135

Procedure for the approval of multimedia-based training (MBT) courses’;

(c)

the title of Appendix III is replaced by the following:

‘Appendix III Aircraft type training and type evaluation standard – on-the-job training (OJT)’;

(d)

the title of Appendix IV is replaced by the following:

‘Appendix IV Experience and basic knowledge modules or partial modules required for extending a Part-66 aircraft maintenance licence’;

(e)

the following title of Appendix IX is added:

‘Appendix IX Assessment method for the multimedia-based training (MBT)’;

(2)

point 66.A.5 is amended as follows:

(a)

in point (1), the first paragraph is replaced by the following:

‘Group 1: complex motor-powered aircraft; multi-engine helicopters; other than piston-engine aeroplanes, with maximum certified operating altitude exceeding FL290; aircraft equipped with fly-by-wire systems; gas airships other than ELA2.’;

(b)

in point (2)(i), the second indent is replaced by the following:

‘—

those turbine-engine aeroplanes classified by the Agency in this subgroup because of their lower complexity.’;

(3)

in point 66.A.10, point (e) is replaced by the following:

‘(e)

Where the applicant for change of the basic categories qualifies for such change via the procedure referred to in point 66.B.105 in a Member State other than the Member State which issued the license, the maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) or Annex Vd (Part-CAO) shall send the aircraft maintenance licence together with the EASA Form 19 to the competent authority referred to in point 66.1 for stamp and signature of the change or reissue of the licence, as appropriate.’;

(4)

in point 66.A.20(a)(7), the following paragraph is added:

‘A Category C aircraft maintenance licence issued with respect to complex motor-powered aircraft shall include the privileges of category C aircraft maintenance licence also with respect to other than complex motor-powered aircraft.’;

(5)

point 66.A.25 is replaced by the following:

‘66.A.25

Basic knowledge requirements

(a)

The applicant for an aircraft maintenance licence shall demonstrate by examination a level of knowledge of the related subject modules in accordance with Appendix I (applicable to category A, B1, B2, B2L, B3 and C licences) or Appendix VII (applicable to category L licences).

(b)

The basic knowledge examinations shall comply with the standard set out in Appendix II (applicable to category A, B1, B2, B2L, B3 and C licences) or Appendix VIII (applicable to category L licences) to this Annex and shall be conducted by either of the following:

(1)

a training organisation approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147);

(2)

the competent authority;

(3)

for category L licences, another organisation as agreed by the competent authority.

(c)

The basic knowledge examinations shall have been passed within 10 years prior to the application for an aircraft maintenance licence or the addition of a category or subcategory to such a licence. If the basic knowledge examinations have not been passed within that 10-year period, credits for basic knowledge examinations may be alternatively obtained by the applicant in accordance with point (d).

The 10 years’ validity requirement applies to each individual module examination, except for those module examinations which were already passed as part of another licence category and the licence has already been issued.

(d)

The applicant may apply to the competent authority for full or partial credits for the basic knowledge requirements for:

(1)

basic knowledge examinations which were passed more than 10 years before the application for an aircraft maintenance licence was submitted (see point (c));

(2)

any other national technical training and examination considered by the competent authority as equivalent to the corresponding basic knowledge requirements of this Annex.

The applicant shall provide evidence of the granted credits by referring to an examination credit report approved by the competent authority in accordance with Section B, Subpart E, of this Annex III (Part-66).

(e)

A basic training course without Modules 1 and 2 of Appendix I to this Annex is considered a full basic training course approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147) only when knowledge of those Modules is subsequently demonstrated by the applicant by examination and is credited by the competent authority.

(f)

The holder of an aircraft maintenance licence applying for the addition of a different category or subcategory shall complement by examination the level of knowledge that is appropriate to the related subject modules in accordance with Appendix I (for category A, B1, B2, B2L, B3 and C licences) or Appendix VII (for category L licences).

Appendix IV details the modules of Appendix I (for category B1, B2, B2L, B3 and C licences) or Appendix VII (for category L licences) required for the addition of a new category or subcategory to an existing licence issued in accordance with this AnnexA.’;

(6)

point 66.A.30 is amended as follows:

(a)

in point (a)(2b), the second and third paragraphs are deleted;

(b)

points (a)(3), (4) and (5) are replaced by the following:

‘3.

for category C with respect to complex motor-powered aircraft (CMPA):

(i)

3 years of experience in exercising category B1.1, B1.3 or B2 privileges as support staff, or both support staff and certifying staff, in accordance with point 145.A.35 of Annex II (Part-145), at a maintenance organisation working on CMPA, including 12 months of experience as base maintenance support staff; or

(ii)

5 years of experience in exercising category B1.2, B1.4 or L5 privileges as support staff, or both support staff and certifying staff, in accordance with point 145.A.35 of Annex II (Part-145), at a maintenance organisation working on CMPA, including 12 months of experience as base maintenance support staff; or

(iii)

for applicants holding an academic degree, 3 years of experience in working at an aircraft maintenance environment, on a representative selection of tasks that are directly associated with aircraft maintenance, including 6 months of participation in the performance of base maintenance tasks in operating CMPA;

(iv)

to extend the endorsed category C with respect to other than CMPA to CMPA:

(a)

2 years of experience in exercising category B1.1, B1.2, B1.3, B1.4, B2 or L5 privileges as support staff, or both support staff and certifying staff, in accordance with point 145.A.35 of Annex II (Part-145), at a maintenance organisation in operating CMPA, including 6 months of experience as base maintenance support staff; or

(b)

when holding a category C licence based on an academic degree, 2 years of experience in working at an aircraft maintenance environment on a representative selection of tasks that are directly associated with aircraft maintenance, including 3 months of participation in the performance of base maintenance tasks in operating CMPA;

4.

for category C with respect to other than CMPA:

(i)

3 years of experience in exercising category B1, B2, B2L, B3 or L privileges as support staff, or both support staff and certifying staff, in accordance with point 145.A.35 of Annex II (Part-145), at a maintenance organisation in operating other than CMPA, including 6 months of experience as base maintenance support staff; or

(ii)

for holders of an academic degree, 3 years of experience in working at an aircraft maintenance environment, on a representative selection of tasks that are directly associated with aircraft maintenance, including 6 months of participation in the performance of base maintenance tasks in operating other than CMPA;

5.

the academic degree shall be in a relevant technical discipline, issued by a university or any other higher educational institution recognised by the competent authority.’;

(c)

point (e) is replaced by the following:

‘(e)

Notwithstanding point (a), experience in aircraft maintenance gained in organisations not approved in accordance with Annexes II (Part-145) or Vd (Part-CAO) may be recognised when such maintenance is equivalent to that required by this Annex as established by the competent authority.

However, demonstration of additional experience in organisations approved in accordance with Annexes II or Vd or under the supervision of independent certifying staff, shall be required.’;

(7)

in point 66.A.40, point (b) is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

The holder of an aircraft maintenance licence shall complete the relevant parts of EASA Form 19 (see Appendix V) and submit it with the holder’s copy of the licence to the competent authority that issued the original aircraft maintenance licence, unless the holder works in a maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) or Annex Vd (Part-CAO) that has a procedure in its exposition whereby such organisation may submit the necessary documentation on behalf of the aircraft maintenance licence holder.’;

(8)

point 66.A.45(d) is amended as follows:

(a)

in the first paragraph, the first indent is replaced by the following:

‘—

satisfactory completion of the relevant category B1, B2 or C aircraft type evaluation in accordance with Appendix III to this Annex (Part-66);’;

(b)

the second paragraph is replaced by the following:

‘In the case of a category C rating, for a person qualified through the academic route as referred to in point (a)(5) of point 66.A.30, the first relevant aircraft type evaluation shall be at the category B1 or B2 level.’;

(9)

in point 66.A.45(h)(ii)(3), the third paragraph is deleted;

(10)

the following point 66.B.2 is inserted:

‘66.B.2

Means of compliance

(a)

The Agency shall develop acceptable means of compliance (“AMC”) that may be used to establish compliance with Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 and its delegated and implementing acts.

(b)

Alternative means of compliance may be used to establish compliance with this Regulation.

(c)

Competent authorities shall inform the Agency of any alternative means of compliance used by persons under their oversight or by themselves for establishing compliance with this Regulation.’;

(11)

point 66.B.105 is amended as follows:

(a)

the title is replaced by the following:

‘66.B.105

Procedure for the issue of an aircraft maintenance licence via a maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) or Annex Vd (Part-CAO)’;

(b)

point (a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

A maintenance organisation approved in accordance with Annex II (Part-145) or Annex Vd (Part-CAO), when authorised to carry out this activity by the competent authority, may (i) prepare the aircraft maintenance licence on behalf of the competent authority or (ii) make recommendations to the competent authority regarding the application from an individual for a aircraft maintenance licence so that the competent authority may prepare and issue such licence.’;

(12)

in point 66.B.110, point (d) is replaced by the following:

‘(d)

The experience and basic knowledge modules or partial modules required for adding a new licence category or subcategory to an existing licence issued in accordance with this Annex are outlined in the tables of Appendix IV.’;

(13)

in point 66.B.130, the following point (c) is added:

‘(c)

The Certificate of Recognition (CoR) (EASA Form 149b) of Appendix III to Annex IV (Part-147) shall be used for the recognition of completion of either the theoretical elements, the practical elements or both the theoretical and practical elements of the type rating training course.’;

(14)

the following point 66.B.135 is added:

‘66.B.135

Procedure for the approval of multimedia-based training (MBT) courses

The competent authority, whenever it approves courses, including multimedia-based training (MBT) courses, which are delivered in a physical environment or virtual environment or both, shall verify that the aircraft basic training and the aircraft type training comply with Appendix I and Appendix III respectively.

The approval procedure shall include the principles and criteria of Appendix IX.’;

(15)

point 66.B.200 is amended as follows:

(a)

points (c) and (d) are replaced by the following:

‘(c)

Basic examinations shall follow the standard specified in Appendices I and II or in Appendices VII and VIII as applicable.

The Certificate of Recognition (CoR) (EASA Form 148b) of Appendix III to Annex IV (Part-147) shall be used to attest completion of basic examinations.

(d)

Type training examinations and type evaluations shall follow the standard specified in Appendix III.

The Certificate of Recognition (CoR) (EASA Form 149b) of Appendix III to Annex IV (Part-147) shall be used to attest completion of aircraft type training or type evaluations.’;

(b)

point (g) is replaced by the following:

‘(g)

Apart from specific documentation needed for type evaluations, only the examination documents may be available to the candidate during the evaluation.’;

(16)

in Subpart E, the first sentence is replaced by the following:

‘This Subpart provides the procedures for granting examination credits referred to in point 66.A.25(d).’;

(17)

in point 66.B.400, the following point (d) is added:

‘(d)

When an applicant refers to a credit report approved by another competent authority, the licencing authority shall consider such credit report and seek advice from the other authority for the use of the credit report.’;

(18)

in point 66.B.405(a), the second paragraph is replaced by the following:

‘This comparison shall state whether compliance has been demonstrated and shall contain the justifications for each statement and the possible conditions or additional considerations, or both.’;

(19)

Appendix I is amended as follows:

(a)

point 2 is replaced by the following:

‘2.

Modularisation

Qualification on basic subjects for each aircraft maintenance licence category or subcategory shall be in accordance with the following matrix, where applicable subjects are indicated by an ‘X’, while ‘n/a’ means that the subject module is neither applicable nor required.

Subject module

B1.1

A1

B1.2

A2

B1.3

A3

B1.4

A4

B3

B2

B2L

C

Turbine engine

Piston engine

Turbine engine

Piston engine

Piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes

MTOM ≤ 2 t

1.

MATHEMATICS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

2.

PHYSICS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

3.

ELECTRICAL FUNDAMENTALS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

4.

ELECTRONICS FUNDAMENTALS

X

(n/a for A1)

X

(n/a for A2)

X

(n/a for A3)

X

(n/a for A4)

X

X

X

X

5.

DIGITAL TECHNIQUES/ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

6.

MATERIALS AND HARDWARE

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

7.

MAINTENANCE PRACTICES

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

8.

BASIC AERODYNAMICS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

9.

HUMAN FACTORS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

10.

AVIATION LEGISLATION

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

11.

AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

X

X

n/a

n/a

X

n/a

n/a

11, 15 & 17

as B1.1

or

11, 16 & 17

as B1.2

or

12 & 15

as B1.3

or

12 & 16

as B1.4

or

13 & 14

as B2

12.

HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

n/a

n/a

X

X

n/a

n/a

n/a

13.

AIRCRAFT AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

X

X

14.

PROPULSION

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

X

X

15.

GAS TURBINE ENGINES

X

n/a

X

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

16.

PISTON ENGINE

n/a

X

n/a

X

X

n/a

n/a

17.

PROPELLER

X

X

n/a

n/a

X

n/a

n/a

MODULE 1.   MATHEMATICS

MODULE 1. MATHEMATICS

LEVEL

A

B1

B2

B2L

B3

1.1

Arithmetic

1

2

1.2

Algebra

 

 

(a)

Simple algebraic expressions;

1

2

(b)

Equations.

1

1.3

Geometry

 

 

(a)

Simple geometrical constructions;

1

(b)

Graphical representation;

2

2

(c)

Trigonometry.

2

MODULE 2.   PHYSICS

MODULE 2. PHYSICS

LEVEL

A

B3

B1

B2

B2L

2.1

Matter

1

2

2.2

Mechanics

 

 

2.2.1

Statics

1

2

2.2.2

Kinetics

1

2

2.2.3

Dynamics

 

 

(a)

Mass, force and energy;

1

2

(b)

Momentum and conservation of momentum.

1

2

2.2.4

Fluid dynamics

 

 

(a)

Gravity and density;

2

2

(b)

Viscosity; compressibility on fluids; static, dynamic, and total pressure.

1

2

2.3

Thermodynamics

 

 

(a)

Temperature;

2

2

(b)

Heat.

1

2

2.4

Optics (light)

2

2.5

Wave motion and sound

2

MODULE 3.   ELECTRICAL FUNDAMENTALS

MODULE 3. ELECTRICAL FUNDAMENTALS

LEVEL

A

B1

B2

B2L

B3

3.1

Electron theory

1

1

1

3.2

Static electricity and conduction

1

2

1

3.3

Electrical terminology

1

2

1

3.4

Generation of electricity

1

1

1

3.5

Sources of DC electricity

1

2

2

3.6

DC circuits

1

2

1

3.7

Resistance/resistor

 

 

 

(a)

Resistance;

2

1

(b)

Resistors.

1

3.8

Power

2

1

3.9

Capacitance/capacitor

2

1

3.10

Magnetism

 

 

 

(a)

Theory of magnetism;

2

1

(b)

Magnetomotive force.

2

1

3.11

Inductance/inductor

2

1

3.12

DC motor/generator theory

2

1

3.13

AC theory

1

2

1

3.14

Resistive (R), capacitive (C) and inductive (L) circuits

2

1

3.15

Transformers

2

1

3.16

Filters

1

3.17

AC generators

2

1

3.18

AC motors

2

1

MODULE 4.   ELECTRONICS FUNDAMENTALS

MODULE 4. ELECTRONICS FUNDAMENTALS

LEVEL

A

B1

B3

B2

B2L

4.1

Semiconductors

 

 

 

4.1.1

Diodes

 

 

 

(a)

Description and characteristics;

2

2

(b)

Operation and function.

2

4.1.2

Transistors

 

 

 

(a)

Description and characteristics;

1

2

(b)

Construction and operation.

2

4.1.3

Integrated circuits

 

 

 

(a)

Basic description and operation;

1

2

(b)

Description and operation.

2

4.2

Printed circuit boards

1

2

4.3

Servomechanisms

 

 

 

(a)

Principles;

1

2

(b)

Construction, operation, and use.

2

MODULE 5.   DIGITAL TECHNIQUES/ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS

MODULE 5. DIGITAL TECHNIQUES/ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS

LEVEL

A

B3

B1

B2

B2L

5.1

Electronic instrument systems

1

1

1

1

5.2

Numbering systems

1

2

5.3

Data conversion

1

2

5.4

Data buses

2

2

5.5

Logic circuits

 

 

 

 

(a)

Identification and applications;

2

2

(b)

Interpretation of logic diagrams.

2

5.6

Basic computer structure

 

 

 

 

(a)

Computer terminology and technology;

1

1

2

2

(b)

Computer operation.

2

5.7

Microprocessors

2

5.8

Integrated circuits

2

5.9

Multiplexing

2

5.10

Fibre optics

1

2

5.11

Electronic displays

1

1

2

2

5.12

Electrostatic sensitive devices

1

1

2

2

5.13

Software management control

1

2

2

5.14

Electromagnetic environment

1

2

2

5.15

Typical electronic/digital aircraft systems

1

1

1

1

MODULE 6.   MATERIALS AND HARDWARE

MODULE 6. MATERIALS AND HARDWARE

LEVEL

A

B1

B3

B2

B2L

6.1

Aircraft materials – ferrous

 

 

 

(a)

Alloy steels used in aircraft;

1

2

1

(b)

Testing of ferrous materials;

1

1

(c)

Repair and inspection procedures.

2

1

6.2

Aircraft materials – non-ferrous

 

 

 

(a)

Characteristics;

1

2

1

(b)

Testing of non-ferrous materials;

1

1

(c)

Repair and inspection procedures.

2

1

6.3

Aircraft materials – composite and non-metallic

 

 

 

6.3.1

Composite and non-metallic other than wood and fabric

 

 

 

(a)

Characteristics;

1

2

2

(b)

Detection of defects;

1

2

(c)

Repairs and inspection procedures.

2

1

6.3.2

Wooden structures

1

1

6.3.3

Fabric covering

1

6.4

Corrosion

 

 

 

(a)

Chemical fundamentals;

1

1

1

(b)

Types of corrosion.

2

3

2

6.5

Fasteners

 

 

 

6.5.1

Screw threads

2

2

2

6.5.2

Bolts, studs, and screws

2

2

2

6.5.3

Locking devices

2

2

2

6.5.4

Aircraft rivets

1

2

1

6.6

Pipes and unions

 

 

 

(a)

Identification;

2

2

2

(b)

Standard unions.

2

2

1

6.7

Springs

2

1

6.8

Bearings

1

2

2

6.9

Transmissions

1

2

2

6.10

Control cables

1

2

1

6.11

Electrical cables and connectors

1

2

2

MODULE 7.   MAINTENANCE PRACTICES

MODULE 7. MAINTENANCE PRACTICES

LEVEL

A

B1

B3

B2

B2L

7.1

Safety precautions – aircraft and workshop

3

3

3

7.2

Workshop practices

3

3

3

7.3

Tools

3

3

3

7.4

(Reserved)

7.5

Engineering drawings, diagrams and standards

1

2

2

7.6

Fits and clearances

1

2

1

7.7

Electrical wiring interconnection system (EWIS)

1

3

3

7.8

Riveting

1

2

7.9

Pipes and hoses

1

2

7.10

Springs

1

2

7.11

Bearings

1

2

7.12

Transmissions

1

2

7.13

Control cables

1

2

7.14

Material handling

 

 

 

7.14.1

Sheet metal

2

7.14.2

Composite and non-metallic

2

7.14.3

Additive manufacturing

1

1

1

7.15

(Reserved)

7.16

Aircraft weight and balance

 

 

 

(a)

Centre-of-gravity calculation;

2

2

(b)

Aircraft weighing.

2

7.17

Aircraft handling and storage

2

2

2

7.18

Disassembly, inspection, repair and assembly techniques

 

 

 

(a)

Types of defects and visual inspection techniques;

2

3

3

(b)

General repair methods – structural repair manual;

2

(c)

Non-destructive inspection techniques;

2

1

(d)

Disassembly and reassembly techniques;

2

2

2

(e)

Troubleshooting techniques.

2

2

7.19

Abnormal events

 

 

 

(a)

Inspections following lightning strikes and HIRF penetration;

2

2

2

(b)

Inspections following abnormal events such as heavy landings and flight through turbulence.

2

2

7.20

Maintenance procedures

1

2

2

7.21

Documentation & communication

1

2

2

MODULE 8.   BASIC AERODYNAMICS

MODULE 8. BASIC AERODYNAMICS

LEVEL

A

B3

B1

B2

B2L

8.1

Physics of the atmosphere

1

2

International Standard Atmosphere (ISA), application to aerodynamics

8.2

Aerodynamics

1

2

8.3

Theory of flight

1

2

8.4

High-speed airflow

1

2

8.5

Flight stability and dynamics

1

2

MODULE 9.   HUMAN FACTORS

MODULE 9. HUMAN FACTORS

LEVEL

ALL

9.1

General

2

9.2

Human performance and limitations

2

9.3

Social psychology

1

9.4

Factors that affect performance

2

9.5

Physical environment

1

9.6

Tasks

1

9.7

Communication

2

9.8

Human error

2

9.9

Safety management

2

9.10

The ‘Dirty Dozen’ and risk mitigation

2

MODULE 10.   AVIATION LEGISLATION

MODULE 10. AVIATION LEGISLATION

LEVEL

A

B1

B2

B2L

B3

10.1

Regulatory framework

1

1

10.2

Certifying staff – maintenance

2

2

10.3

Approved maintenance organisations

2

2

10.4

Independent certifying staff

3

10.5

Air operations

1

1

10.6

Certification of aircraft, parts, and appliances

2

2

10.7

Continuing airworthiness

2

2

10.8

Oversight principles in continuing airworthiness

1

1

10.9

Maintenance and certification beyond the current EU regulations (if not superseded by EU requirements)

-

1

10.10

Cybersecurity in aviation maintenance

1

1

MODULE 11.   AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

MODULE 11. AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

LEVEL

A1

A2

B1.1

B1.2

B3

11.1

Theory of flight

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Aeroplane aerodynamics and flight controls;

1

1

2

2

1

(b)

Aeroplane, other aerodynamic devices.

1

1

2

2

1

11.2

Airframe structures (ATA 51)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

General concepts;

2

2

2

2

2

(b)

Airworthiness requirements for structural strength;

2

2

2

2

2

(c)

Construction methods.

1

1

2

2

2

11.3

Airframe structures – aeroplanes

 

 

 

 

 

11.3.1

Fuselage, doors, windows ( ATA 52/53/56 )

1

1

2

2

1

(a)

Construction principles;

(b)

Airborne towing devices;

1

1

1

1

1

(c)

Doors.

1

1

2

1

-

11.3.2

Wings ( ATA 57 )

1

1

2

2

1

11.3.3

Stabilisers ( ATA 55 )

1

1

2

2

1

11.3.4

Flight control surfaces ( ATA 55/57 )

1

1

2

2

1

11.3.5

Nacelles/pylons ( ATA 54 )

1

1

2

2

1

11.4

Air conditioning and cabin pressurisation ( ATA 21 )

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Pressurisation;

1

1

3

3

(b)

Air supply;

1

3

(c)

Air conditioning;

1

3

(d)

Safety and warning devices;

1

1

3

3

(e)

Heating and ventilation system.

1

3

1

11.5

Instruments/avionics systems

 

 

 

 

 

11.5.1

Instrument systems ( ATA 31 )

1

1

2

2

2

11.5.2

Avionics systems

1

1

1

1

1

Fundamentals of system layouts and operation of:

Autoflight (ATA 22);

Communications (ATA 23);

Navigation systems (ATA 34).

11.6

Electrical power ( ATA 24 )

1

1

3

3

3

11.7

Equipment and furnishings (ATA 25)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Emergency equipment;

2

2

2

2

2

(b)

Cabin and cargo layout.

1

1

1

1

11.8

Fire protection (ATA 26)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Fire and smoke detection system and fire-extinguishing systems;

1

1

1

1

(b)

Portable fire extinguisher.

1

1

1

1

1

11.9

Flight controls (ATA 27)

1

1

3

3

2

(a)

Primary and secondary flight controls;

(b)

Actuation and protection;

1

3

(c)

System operation;

1

3

(d)

Balancing and rigging.

1

1

3

3

2

11.10

Fuel systems (ATA 28, ATA 47)

1

1

3

3

1

(a)

Systems layout;

(b)

Fuel handling;

1

1

3

3

1

(c)

Indication and warnings;

1

1

3

3

1

(d)

Special systems;

1

3

(e)

Balancing.

1

3

11.11

Hydraulic power (ATA 29)

1

1

3

3

2

(a)

System description;

(b)

System operation (1);

1

1

3

3

2

(c)

System operation (2).

1

3

11.12

Ice and rain protection (ATA 30)

1

1

3

3

1

(a)

Principles;

(b)

De-icing;

1

1

3

3

1

(c)

Anti-icing;

1

3

(d)

Wipers;

1

1

3

3

1

(e)

Rain repellent systems

1

3

11.13

Landing gear (ATA 32)

2

2

3

3

2

(a)

Description;

(b)

System operation;

2

2

3

3

2

(c)

Air-ground sensing;

2

3

(d)

Tail protection.

2

2

3

3

2

11.14

Lights (ATA 33)

2

2

3

3

2

11.15

Oxygen (ATA 35)

1

1

3

3

2

11.16

Pneumatic/vacuum (ATA 36)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Systems;

1

1

3

3

2

(b)

Pumps.

1

1

3

3

2

11.17

Water/waste (ATA 38)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Systems;

2

2

3

3

2

(b)

Corrosion.

2

2

3

3

2

11.18

On-board maintenance systems (ATA 45)

1

2

11.19

Integrated modular avionics (ATA 42)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Overall system description and theory;

1

2

(b)

Typical system layouts.

1

2

11.20

Cabin systems (ATA 44)

1

2

11.21

Information systems (ATA 46)

1

2

MODULE 12.   HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

MODULE 12. HELICOPTER AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

LEVEL

A3

A4

B1.3

B1.4

12.1

Theory of flight – rotary wing aerodynamics

1

2

12.2

Flight control systems (ATA 67)

2

3

12.3

Blade tracking and vibration analysis (ATA 18)

1

3

12.4

Transmission

1

3

12.5

Airframe structures (ATA 51)

 

 

(a)

General concept;

2

2

(b)

Construction methods of the principal elements.

1

2

12.6

Air conditioning (ATA 21)

 

 

12.6.1

Air supply

1

2

12.6.2

Air conditioning

1

3

12.7

Instruments/avionics systems

 

 

12.7.1

Instrument systems (ATA 31)

1

2

12.7.2

Avionics systems

1

1

 

Fundamentals of system layouts and operation of:

 

Autoflight (ATA 22);

 

Communications (ATA 23);

 

Navigation systems (ATA 34).

12.8

Electrical Power (ATA 24)

1

3

12.9

Equipment and Furnishings (ATA 25)

 

 

(a)

Emergency equipment;

Seats, harnesses, and belts;

Lifting systems;

2

2

(b)

Emergency flotation systems;

Cabin layout, cargo retention;

Equipment layout;

Cabin furnishing installation.

1

1

12.10

Fire Protection (ATA 26)

1

3

(a)

Fire and smoke detection systems and Fire-extinguishing systems;

(b)

Portable fire extinguishers.

1

1

12.11

Fuel Systems (ATA 28)

1

3

12.12

Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)

1

3

12.13

Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30)

1

3

12.14

Landing Gear (ATA 32)

(a)

System description and operation;

2

3

(b)

Sensors.

2

3

12.15

Lights (ATA 33)

2

3

12.16

(Reserved)

2

3

12.17

Integrated Modular Avionics (ATA 42)

 

 

(a)

Overall system description and theory

1

2

(b)

Typical system layouts

1

2

12.18

On-board Maintenance Systems (ATA 45)

1

2

Central maintenance computers;

Data-loading system;

Electronic library system.

12.19

Information Systems (ATA 46)

1

2

MODULE 13.   AIRCRAFT AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

C/N: Communication & Navigation; Ins.: Instruments; A/F: Autoflight; Sur.: Surveillance; A/S: Airframe & Systems

MODULE 13. AIRCRAFT AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS

LEVEL

B2

B2L Basic

B2L

C/N

B2L

Ins.

B2L

A/F

B2L

Sur.

B2L

A/S

13.1

Theory of Flight

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Aeroplane Aerodynamics and Flight Controls;

1

1

(b)

Rotary Wing Aerodynamics.

1

1

13.2

Structures – General Concepts (ATA 51)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

General concept;

2

2

(b)

Fundamentals of structural systems;

1

1

13.3

Autoflight (ATA 22)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Fundamentals of automatic flight control;

3

3

(b)

Autothrottle systems and automatic landing systems.

3

3

13.4

Communication/Navigation (ATA 23/34)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Fundamentals of communication and navigation systems;

3

3

(b)

Fundamentals of aircraft surveillance systems.

3

3

13.5

Electrical power (ATA 24)

3

3

13.6

Equipment and furnishings (ATA 25)

3

13.7

Flight controls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Primary and secondary flight controls (ATA 27) ;

2

2

(b)

Actuation and protection;

2

2

(c)

System operation;

3

3

(d)

Rotorcraft flight controls (ATA 67) .

2

2

13.8

Instruments (ATA 31)

3

3

13.9

Lights (ATA 33)

3

3

13.10

On-board maintenance systems (ATA 45)

3

13.11

Air conditioning and cabin pressurisation (ATA 21)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Pressurisation;

3

3

(b)

Air supply;

1

1

(c)

Air conditioning;

3

3

(d)

Safety and warning devices.

3

3

13.12

Fire protection (ATA 26)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Fire and smoke detection system and fire-extinguishing systems;