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Document 32020D0719

Council Decision (CFSP) 2020/719 of 28 May 2020 amending Decision 2013/255/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against Syria

ST/7634/2020/INIT

OJ L 168, 29.5.2020, p. 66–125 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2020/719/oj

29.5.2020   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 168/66


COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2020/719

of 28 May 2020

amending Decision 2013/255/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against Syria

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 29 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy,

Whereas:

(1)

On 31 May 2013 the Council adopted Decision 2013/255/CFSP (1).

(2)

On 17 May 2019 the Council adopted Decision (CFSP) 2019/806 (2), extending the restrictive measures set out in Decision 2013/255/CFSP until 1 June 2020.

(3)

On the basis of a review of the restrictive measures set out in Decision 2013/255/CFSP, the Council has decided that those measures should be extended until 1 June 2021.

(4)

The entries in the list of natural and legal persons, entities or bodies set out in Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP should be updated and amended.

(5)

Five entries should be deleted from the list of natural and legal persons, entities or bodies set out in Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP.

(6)

Decision 2013/255/CFSP should therefore be amended accordingly,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

Decision 2013/255/CFSP is amended as follows:

(1)

Article 34 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 34

This Decision shall apply until 1 June 2021. It shall be kept under constant review. It may be renewed, or amended as appropriate, if the Council deems that its objectives have not been met.’;

(2)

Annex I is amended as set out in the Annex to this Decision.

Article 2

This Decision shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Brussels, 28 May 2020.

For the Council

The President

G. GRLIĆ RADMAN


(1)  Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP of 31 May 2013 concerning restrictive measures against Syria (OJ L 147, 1.6.2013, p. 14).

(2)  Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/806 of 17 May 2019 amending Decision 2013/255/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against Syria (OJ L 132, 20.5.2019, p. 36).


ANNEX

Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP is amended as follows:

(1)

in Section A (Persons), the following entries are deleted:

26.

Major General Qasem Soleimani;

38.

Brigadier‐General Jamea Jamea;

272.

Hayan Kaddour;

273.

Maen Rizk Allah Haykal;

(2)

in Section B (Entities), the following entry is deleted:

76.

Developers Private Joint Stock Company;

(3)

Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP is replaced by the following:

‘ANNEX I

List of natural and legal persons, entities or bodies referred to in Articles 27 and 28

A.   Persons

 

Name

Identifying information

Reasons

Date of listing

1.

Bashar (

Image 1

) AL‐ASSAD (

Image 2

)

Date of birth: 11.9.1965;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Diplomatic passport No D1903;

Gender: male

President of the Republic; person authorising and supervising the crackdown on demonstrators.

23.5.2011

2.

Maher (

Image 3

) (a.k.a. Mahir) AL‐ASSAD (

Image 4

)

Date of birth: 8.12.1967;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Diplomatic passport No 4138;

Position: Major General of the 42nd Brigade and former Brigadier Commander of the Army’s 4th Armoured Division

Gender: male

Member of the Syria Armed Forces of the rank of Colonel and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011; Major General of the 42nd Brigade and former Brigadier Commander of the Army’s 4th Armoured Division. Member of the Assad family; brother of President Bashar al‐Assad.

9.5.2011

3.

Ali (

Image 5

) MAMLUK (

Image 6

) (a.k.a. Mamlouk)

Date of birth: 19.2.1946;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Diplomatic passport No 983;

Gender: male

Director of the National Security Bureau. Former Head of Syrian Intelligence Directorate involved in violence against demonstrators.

9.5.2011

4.

Atej (

Image 7

) (a.k.a. Atef, Atif) NAJIB (

Image 8

) (a.k.a. Najeeb)

Place of birth: Jablah, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Head of the Political Security Directorate in Dara’a. Involved in violence against demonstrators. Member of the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar al‐Assad.

9.5.2011

5.

Hafiz (Image 9) MAKHLOUF (Image 10)

(a.k.a. Hafez Makhlouf)

Date of birth: 2.4.1971;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Diplomatic passport No 2246;

Gender: male

Former Colonel and Head of Unit in General Intelligence Directorate, Damascus Branch in post after May 2011. Member of the Makhlouf family; cousin of President Bashar al‐Assad.

9.5.2011

6.

Muhammad (Image 11) Dib (Image 12) ZAYTUN (Image 13)

(a.k.a. Mohammed Dib Zeitoun; a.k.a. Mohamed Dib Zeitun)

Date of birth: 20.5.1951;

Place of birth: Jubba, Damascus province, Syria;

Diplomatic passport No D000001300;

Gender: male

Director of the National Security Bureau since July 2019. Former Head of the General Security Directorate; involved in violence against demonstrators.

9.5.2011

7.

Amjad (

Image 14

) ABBAS (

Image 15

) (a.k.a. al‐Abbas)

Gender: male

Former head of Political Security in Banyas, involved in violence against demonstrators in Baida. Promoted to the rank of Colonel in 2018.

9.5.2011

8.

Rami (

Image 16

) MAKHLOUF (

Image 17

)

Date of birth: 10.7.1969;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Passport No 000098044;

Issue No 002‐03‐0015187;

Gender: male

Leading businessman operating in Syria with interests in the telecommunications, financial services, transport and property sectors. He has financial interests in and/or holds senior and executive positions in Syriatel (the leading mobile telephone operator in Syria) and in the investment funds Al Mashreq, Bena Properties and Cham Holding.

He furnishes financing and support to the Syrian regime, through his business interests.

He is an influential member of the Makhlouf family and closely connected to the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar Al‐Assad.

9.5.2011

9.

Abd al‐Fatah (

Image 18

) QUDSIYAH (

Image 19

)

Date of birth: 1953;

Place of birth: Hama, Syria;

Diplomatic passport No D0005788;

Gender: male

Officer of the rank of Major General in the Syrian Armed Forces in post after May 2011.

Deputy Director of the National Security Bureau of the Ba’ath Party. Former Head of the Syrian Military Intelligence Directorate. Involved in violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

9.5.2011

10.

Jamil (

Image 20

) (a.k.a. Jameel) HASSAN (

Image 21

) (a.k.a. al‐Hassan)

Date of birth: 7.7.1953;

Place of birth: Qusayr, Homs province, Syria;

Former Head of Syrian Air Force Intelligence;

Gender: male

Officer of the rank of Major‐General in the Syrian Air Force in post after May 2011. Former head of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence in post after May 2011 and until July 2019. Responsible for violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

9.5.2011

11.

Mohammad Mouti' MOUAYYAD

(a.k.a. Mohammad Muti'a Moayyad)

Date of birth: 1968;

Place of birth: Ariha (Idlib), Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of State in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

12.

Ghazwan Kheir BEK

(a.k.a. Ghazqan Kheir Bek)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Latakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Transport in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). He was previously General Director of the Port of Tartous. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

13.

Munzir (

Image 22

) (a.k.a. Mundhir, Monzer) Jamil (

Image 23

) AL‐ASSAD (

Image 24

)

Date of birth: 1.3.1961;

Place of birth: Kerdaha, Latakia Province, Syria;

Passports No 86449 and No 842781;

Gender: male

Involved in violence against the civilian population as part of the Shabiha militia.

9.5.2011

14.

Brigadier General Mohammed BILAL

(a.k.a. Lieutenant Colonel Muhammad Bilal)

Gender: male

As a senior officer in the Syrian Air Force Intelligence Service, he supports the Syrian regime and is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population. He is also associated with the listed Scientific Studies Research Centre (SSRC).

Head of the Tartus police since December 2018.

21.10.2014

15.

Kamal CHEIKHA

(a.k.a. Kamal al‐Sheikha)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Water Resources in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

16.

Faruq (

Image 25

) (a.k.a. Farouq, Farouk) AL SHAR' (

Image 26

) (a.k.a. Al Char', Al Shara', Al Shara)

Date of birth: 10.12.1938;

Gender: male

Former Vice‐President of Syria; involved in violence against the civilian population.

23.5.2011

17.

Hassan NOURI

(a.k.a. Hassan al‐Nouri)

Date of birth: 9.2.1960;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Administrative Development in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

18.

Mohammed (

Image 27

) HAMCHO (

Image 28

)

Date of birth: 20.5.1966;

Passport No 002954347;

Gender: male

Leading businessman operating in Syria, with interests in the engineering and construction, media, hospitality and health sector. He has financial interests in and/or holds senior and executive positions within a number of companies in Syria, in particular Hamsho International, Hamsho Communication, Mhg International, Jupiter for Investment and Tourism project and Syria Metal Industries.

He plays an important role in the business community in Syria as general secretary of the Damascus Chamber of Commerce (appointed by the then Minister for economy Khodr Orfali in December 2014), chairman of the China‐Syria Bilateral Business Councils (since March 2014) and chairman of the Syrian Metal and Steel Council (since December 2015).

He has close business relationships with key figures of the Syrian regime, including Maher al‐Assad.

He benefits from and provides support to the Syrian regime through his business interests, and is associated with persons benefiting from and providing support to that regime.

27.1.2015

19.

Iyad (

Image 29

) (a.k.a. Eyad) MAKHLOUF (

Image 30

)

Date of birth: 21.1.1973;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Passport No N001820740;

Gender: male

Member of the Makhlouf family; son of Mohammed Makhlouf, brother of Hafez Makhlouf and Rami Makhlouf and brother of Ihab Makhlouf; cousin of President Bashar al‐Assad.

Member of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011.

As an officer in the General Intelligence Directorate, involved in violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.5.2011

20.

Bassam (

Image 31

) AL HASSAN (

Image 32

) (a.k.a. Al Hasan)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Sheen, Homs, Syria;

Rank: Major General;

Gender: male

Presidential Advisor for Strategic Affairs; head of the General Secretariat of the National Defence. Involved in violence against the civilian population.

23.5.2011

22.

Ihab (

Image 33

) (a.k.a. Ehab, Iehab) MAKHLOUF (

Image 34

)

Date of birth: 21.1.1973;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Passport No N002848852;

Gender: male

Leading businessman operating in Syria. Vice President of, and shareholder in, Syriatel, the leading mobile telephone operator in Syria. He also has business interests in several other Syrian companies and entities, including Ramak Construction Co and Syrian International Private University for Science and Technology (SIUST).

As Vice President of Syriatel, which transfers a significant part of its profits to the Syrian government by way of its licensing contract, Ihab Makhlouf is also directly supporting the Syrian regime.

He is an influential member of the Makhlouf family and closely connected to the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar al‐Assad.

23.5.2011

23.

Zoulhima (Image 35) (a.k.a. Zu al‐Himma) CHALICHE (Image 36) (a.k.a. Shalish, Shaleesh)

(a.k.a. Dhu al‐Himma Shalish)

Date of birth: 1946 or 1951 or 1956;

Place of birth: Kerdaha, Syria;

Rank: Major General;

Gender: male

Officer of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011; former Head of Presidential Security.

Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011.

Involved in violence against demonstrators.

Member of the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar al‐Assad.

23.6.2011

24.

Riyad (Image 37) CHALICHE (Image 38) (a.k.a. Shalish, Shaleesh)

(a.k.a. Riyad Shalish)

Function: chairman of Riyad Isa Development Corporation;

Gender: male

Former Director of Military Housing Establishment; provides funding to the Syrian regime; first cousin of President Bashar al‐Assad.

23.6.2011

25.

Brigadier Commander Mohammad (

Image 39

) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Ali (

Image 40

) JAFARI (

Image 41

) (a.k.a. Jaafari, Ja'fari, Aziz; a.k.a. Jafari, Ali; a.k.a. Jafari, Mohammad Ali; a.k.a. Ja'fari, Mohammad Ali; a.k.a. Jafari‐Naja‐fabadi, Mohammad Ali)

Date of birth: 1.9.1957;

Place of birth: Yazd, Iran;

Gender: male

Head of ‘Baqiayt Allah’, cultural organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. General Commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps until 21.4.2019, involved in providing equipment and support to help the Syrian regime suppress protests in Syria.

23.6.2011

27.

Hossein (Image 42) TAEB (Image 43)

(a.k.a. Taeb, Hassan; a.k.a. Taeb, Hosein; a.k.a. Taeb, Hossein; a.k.a. Taeb, Hussayn; a.k.a. Hojjatoleslam Hossein Ta'eb)

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Tehran, Iran;

Gender: male

Director of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Intelligence Service. Former Deputy Commander for Intelligence of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, involved in providing equipment and support to help the Syrian regime suppress protests in Syria.

23.6.2011

28.

Khalid (

Image 44

) (a.k.a. Khaled) QADDUR (

Image 45

) (a.k.a. Qadour, Qaddour, Kaddour)

Gender: male

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in the telecommunications, oil and plastic industry sectors and close business relations with Maher al‐Assad.

He benefits from and provides support to the Syrian regime, through his business activities.

Associate of Maher al‐Assad, including through his business activities.

27.1.2015

29.

Ra'if (Image 46) AL‐QUWATLY (Image 47)

(a.k.a. Ri'af al‐Quwatli a.k.a. Raeef al‐Kouatly)

Date of birth: 3.2.1967;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Business associate of Maher al‐Assad and responsible for managing some of his business interests; provides funding to the Syrian regime.

23.6.2011

30.

Mohammad (

Image 48

) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammed) MUFLEH (

Image 49

) (a.k.a. Muflih)

Gender: male

Head of Syrian Military Intelligence in the town of Hama; involved in the crackdown on demonstrators.

1.8.2011

31.

Major General Tawfiq (

Image 50

) (a.k.a. Tawfik) YOUNES (

Image 51

) (a.k.a. Yunes)

Gender: male

Former head of the Department for Internal Security of the General Intelligence Directorate; involved in violence against the civilian population.

1.8.2011

32.

Mohammed (Image 52) MAKHLOUF (Image 53)

(a.k.a. Abu Rami)

Date of birth: 19.10.1932;

Place of birth: Latakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Influential member of the Makhlouf family; business associate and father of Rami, Ihab and Iyad Makhlouf. Closely associated with the Assad family and maternal uncle of Bashar and Maher al‐Assad. Also referred to as Abu Rami.

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in multiple sectors of Syria’s economy, including interests in and/or significant influence in the General Organisation of Tobacco and the oil and gas, arms and banking sectors.

Involved in business dealings for the Syrian regime in arms procurement and banking. Given the extent of his business and political ties to the Syrian regime, he provides support to and benefits from the regime.

1.8.2011

33.

Ayman (Image 54) JABIR (Image 55)

(a.k.a. Aiman Jaber)

Place of birth: Latakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Leading businessman operating in Syria, involved in the steel, media, consumable goods and oil sectors, including in trading these goods. He has financial interests and/or holds senior executive positions in a number of companies and entities in Syria, in particular Al Jazira (a.k.a. Al Jazerra, El Jazireh), Dunia TV and Sama Satellite Channel.

Through his company Al Jazira, Ayman Jaber has facilitated the importation of oil from Overseas Petroleum Trading to Syria.

Ayman Jaber benefits from and provides support to the Syrian regime, through his business interests.

Provides direct support for and plays a leading role in activities of regime‐affiliated militias known as Shabiha and/or Suqur as‐Sahraa.

Associate of Rami Makhlouf through his business activities, and an associate of Maher al‐Assad through his role in regime‐affiliated militias.

27.1.2015

34.

Hayel (Image 56) AL‐ASSAD (Image 57)

(a.k.a. Hael al‐Asad (هاىلالأسد))

Gender: male

Assistant to Maher al‐Assad; Head of the military police unit of the army’s 4th Division, involved in repression.

23.8.2011

35.

Ali (

Image 58

) AL‐SALIM (

Image 59

) (a.k.a. al‐Saleem)

Gender: male

Director of the supplies office of the Syrian Ministry of Defence, entry point for all arms acquisitions by the Syrian army.

23.8.2011

36.

Nizar (

Image 60

) AL‐ASSAD (

Image 61

) (a.k.a. al‐Asad; Assad; Asad)

Gender: male

Leading Syrian businessperson with close ties to the regime. Cousin of Bashar al‐Assad, and associated with the Assad and Makhlouf families.

As such, has been participating in, benefitting from or otherwise supporting the Syrian regime.

Leading oil investor and previously head of the ‘Nizar Oilfield Supplies’ company.

23.8.2011

37.

Major General Rafiq (

Image 62

) (a.k.a. Rafeeq) SHAHADAH (

Image 63

) (a.k.a. Shahada, Shahade, Shahadeh, Chahada, Chahade, Chahadeh, Chahada)

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Jablah, Latakia Province, Syria;

Gender: male

Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011. Former Head of Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI) Branch 293 (Internal Affairs) in Damascus. Directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Damascus. Advisor to President Bashar al‐Assad for strategic questions and military intelligence.

23.8.2011

40.

Muhammad (

Image 64

) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Said (

Image 65

) (a.k.a. Sa'id, Sa'eed, Saeed) BUKHAYTAN (

Image 66

)

Gender: male

Assistant Regional Secretary of the Ba’ath Arab Socialist Party since 2005; from 2000 to 2005 Director for the national security of the regional Ba’ath party. Former Governor of Hama (1998‐2000). Close associate of President Bashar al‐Assad and Maher al‐Assad. Senior decision‐maker in the regime on repression of civilian population.

23.8.2011

41.

Ali (

Image 67

) DOUBA (

Image 68

)

Date of birth: 1933;

Place of birth: Karfis, Syria;

Gender: male

Special Advisor to President Bashar al‐Assad.

As Special Advisor, participates in, benefits from and supports the Syrian regime. Has been involved in violently repressing the civilian population in Syria.

23.8.2011

42.

Brigadier‐General Nawful (

Image 69

) (a.k.a. Nawfal, Nofal, Nawfel) AL‐HUSAYN (

Image 70

) (a.k.a. al‐Hussain, al‐Hussein)

Gender: male

Idlib Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI) Branch Chief. Directly involved in repression of and violence against the civilian population in Idlib province.

23.8.2011

43.

Brigadier Husam (

Image 71

) SUKKAR (

Image 72

)

Gender: male

Presidential Adviser on Security Affairs. Presidential Adviser for security agencies’ repression of and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.8.2011

44.

Brigadier‐General Muhammed (

Image 73

) (a.k.a. Muhamad) ZAMRINI (

Image 74

) (a.k.a. Zamreni)

Gender: male

Branch Chief for Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI) in Homs. Directly involved in repression of and violence against the civilian population in Homs.

23.8.2011

45.

Munir (

Image 75

) (a.k.a. Mounir, Mouneer, Monir, Moneer, Muneer) ADANOV (

Image 76

) (a.k.a. Adnuf, Adanof)

Date of birth: 1951;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria;

Passport No 0000092405;

Position: Deputy Chief of General Staff, Operations and Training, Syrian Army;

Rank: Lieutenant‐General, Syrian Arab Army;

Gender: male

Officer of the rank of Lieutenant General and Deputy Chief of General Staff, Operations and Training for the Syrian Army in post after May 2011. In his position as Deputy Chief of General Staff he was directly involved in repression of and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.8.2011

46.

Brigadier‐General Ghassan (

Image 77

) KHALIL (

Image 78

) (a.k.a. Khaleel)

Gender: male

Head of General Intelligence Directorate’s Information Branch. Directly involved in repression of and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.8.2011

47.

Mohammed (

Image 79

) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohamed) JABIR (

Image 80

) (a.k.a. Jaber)

Place of birth: Latakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Shabiha militia. Associate of Maher al‐Assad for the Shabiha militia. Directly involved in repression of and violence against the civilian population, and in coordination of Shabiha militia groups.

23.8.2011

48.

Samir (

Image 81

) HASSAN (

Image 82

)

Gender: male

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in multiple sectors of Syria’s economy. He holds interests in and/or has significant influence in the Amir Group and Cham Holding, two conglomerates with interests in the real estate, tourism, transport and finance sectors. From March 2014 until September 2018, he held the position of Chairman for Russia of the Bilateral Business Councils following his appointment by Minister of Economy, Khodr Orfali.

Samir Hassan supports the Syrian regime’s war effort with cash donations.

Samir Hassan is associated with persons benefitting from or supporting the regime. In particular, he is associated with Rami Makhlouf and Issam Anbouba, who have been designated by the Council and benefit from the Syrian regime.

27.9.2014

49.

Fares (Image 83) CHEHABI (Image 84)

(a.k.a. Fares Shihabi; Fares Chihabi)

Son of Ahmad Chehabi;

Date of birth: 7.5.1972;

Gender: male

President of Aleppo Chamber of Industry; Chairman of the Federation of Chambers of Industry since 16.12.2018. Vice‐Chairman of Cham Holding. Provides economic support to the Syrian regime. Member of Syrian Parliament since 2016.

2.9.2011

50.

Tarif (

Image 85

) AKHRAS (

Image 86

) (a.k.a. Al Akhras (

Image 87

))

Date of birth: 2.6.1951;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria;

Syrian passport No 0000092405;

Gender: male

Prominent businessman benefiting from and supporting the Syrian regime. Founder of the Akhras Group (commodities, trading, processing and logistics) and former Chairman of the Homs Chamber of Commerce. Close business relations with President Bashar al‐Assad’s family. Member of the Board of the Federation of Syrian Chambers of Commerce. Provided logistical support for the regime (buses and tank loaders).

2.9.2011

51.

Issam (

Image 88

) ANBOUBA (

Image 89

)

President of Anbouba for Agricultural Industries Co.;

Date of birth: 1952;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria;

Gender: male

Providing financial support for the repressive apparatus and the paramilitary groups exerting violence against the civil population in Syria. Providing property (premises, warehouses) for improvised detention centres. Financial relations with high‐ranking Syrian officials. Co‐founder and member of the board of Cham Holding.

2.9.2011

53.

Adib (Image 90) MAYALEH (Image 91)

(a.k.a. André Mayard)

Date of birth: 15.5.1955;

Place of birth: Bassir, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Governor and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Central Bank of Syria.

Adib Mayaleh controlled the Syrian banking sector and managed the Syrian money supply through the issue and withdrawal of bank notes and control of the foreign exchange rate value of the Syrian Pound. Through his role at the Central Bank of Syria, Adib Mayaleh provided economic and financial support to the Syrian regime.

Former Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade in power after May 2011.

15.5.2012

54.

Major General Jumah (

Image 92

) AL‐AHMAD (

Image 93

) (a.k.a. al‐Ahmed)

Gender: male

Commander Special Forces. Responsible for the use of violence against protestors across Syria.

14.11.2011

55.

Colonel Lu'ai (

Image 94

) (a.k.a. Louay, Loai) AL‐ALI (

Image 95

)

Place of birth: Jablah, Latakia Province, Syria;

Gender: male

Head of Syrian Military Intelligence, Dara’a Branch. Responsible for violence against protesters in Dara’a.

14.11.2011

56.

Ali (

Image 96

) Abdullah (

Image 97

) (a.k.a. Abdallah) AYYUB (

Image 98

) (a.k.a. Ayyoub, Ayub, Ayoub, Ayob)

Date of birth: 1952

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Minister of Defence. Appointed in January 2018. Officer of the rank of General in the Syrian Army, in post after May 2011. Former Chief of General Staff of the Syrian Armed Forces. Person supporting the Syrian regime and responsible for repression of and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

14.11.2011

57.

Fahd (

Image 99

) (a.k.a. Fahid, Fahed) Jasim (

Image 100

) (a.k.a. Jasem, Jassim, Jassem) AL‐FURAYJ (

Image 101

) (a.k.a. al‐Freij)

Date of birth: 1.1.1950;

Place of birth: Hama, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Defence. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

14.11.2011

58.

Major General Aous (

Image 102

) (a.k.a. Aws, Aus) ‘Ali’ ASLAN (

Image 103

)

Date of birth: 1958;

Gender: male

High‐ranking officer. Close to Maher al‐Assad and President Bashar al‐Assad. Former positions: Commander of the 40th Brigade (4th Division) between 2011 and 2014; deputy Commander of the 4th Division in 2015; Commander of the 2nd Corps in 2016. Involved in the crackdown on the civilian population across Syria, including arbitrary arrests, mass killings and forced displacements of civilian population.

14.11.2011

59.

General Ghassan (

Image 104

) BELAL (

Image 105

) (a.k.a. Bilal)

Gender: male

Head of the 4th Division security bureau, head of the 555th paratrooper regiment. Adviser to Maher al‐Assad and coordinator of security operations. Responsible for the crackdown on the civilian population across Syria and involved in several breaches of cessation of hostilities in the Ghouta.

14.11.2011

60.

Abdullah (

Image 106

) (a.k.a. Abdallah) BERRI (

Image 107

)

Gender: male

Head of the Berri family militia. In charge of pro‐government militia involved in the crackdown on the civilian population in Aleppo.

14.11.2011

61.

George (

Image 108

) CHAOUI (

Image 109

)

Gender: male

Member of the Syrian electronic army (territorial army intelligence service).. Involved in the violent crackdown and call for violence against the civilian population across Syria.

14.11.2011

62.

Zuhair (

Image 110

) (a.k.a. Zouheir, Zuheir, Zouhair) HAMAD (

Image 111

)

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Rank: Major General;

Position: Deputy Head of General Intelligence Directorate (a.k.a. General Security Directorate) since July 2012;

Gender: male

Officer of the rank of Major General in the Syrian Armed Forces in post after May 2011. Deputy Head of General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for repression, human rights abuses and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

14.11.2011

63.

Amar (

Image 112

) (a.k.a. Ammar) ISMAEL (

Image 113

) (a.k.a. Ismail)

Date of birth on or around 3.4.1973;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Civilian ‐ Head of Syrian electronic army (territorial army intelligence service). Involved in the violent crackdown and call for violence against the civilian population across Syria.

14.11.2011

64.

Mujahed (

Image 114

) ISMAIL (

Image 115

) (a.k.a. Ismael)

Gender: male

Member of Syrian electronic army (territorial army intelligence service). Involved in the violent crackdown and call for violence against the civilian population across Syria.

14.11.2011

65.

Major General Nazih (

Image 116

)

Gender: male

Deputy Director of General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for the use of violence across Syria and intimidation and torture of protestors.

14.11.2011

66.

Major General Kifah (

Image 117

) MOULHEM (

Image 118

) (a.k.a. Moulhim, Mulhem, Mulhim, Milhem)

Place of birth: Junaynat Ruslan, Tartous province, Syria;

Gender: male

Head of the Military Intelligence Directorate since March 2019. Former Head of the Security Committee in the Southern region and former deputy head of the Military Intelligence directorate, leading the regime’s operation in Homs and Aleppo regions. Responsible for the crackdown on the civilian population in Deir ez‐Zor and the main individual responsible for the violent repression committed by the Military Intelligence Directorate (Branch 248) throughout 2011 and 2012 as well as torture and severe violations on detainees.

14.11.2011

67.

Major General Wajih (

Image 119

) (a.k.a. Wajeeh) MAHMUD (

Image 120

)

Gender: male

Commander 18th Armoured Division. Responsible for the violence against protestors in Homs.

14.11.2011

69.

Lt. General Talal (

Image 121

) Mustafa (

Image 122

) TLASS (

Image 123

)

Gender: male

Deputy Chief of General Staff (Logistics and supplies). Responsible for the use of violence against protestors across Syria.

14.11.2011

70.

Major General Fu'ad (

Image 124

) TAWIL (

Image 125

)

Gender: male

Deputy head of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence. Responsible for the use of violence across Syria and intimidation and torture of protestors.

14.11.2011

71.

Bushra (Image 126) AL‐ASSAD (Image 127)

(a.k.a. Bushra Shawkat, Bouchra Al Assad)

Date of birth: 24.10.1960;

Gender: female

Member of the Assad family; sister of President Bashar al‐Assad. Given the close personal relationship and intrinsic financial relationship to President Bashar al‐Assad, she benefits from and is associated with the Syrian regime.

23.3.2012

72.

Asma (Image 128) AL‐ASSAD (Image 129)

(a.k.a. Asma Fawaz Al Akhras)

Date of birth: 11.8.1975;

Place of birth: London, UK;

Passport No 707512830, expires 22.9.2020;

Maiden name: Al Akhras;

Gender: female

Member of the Assad family and closely connected to key regime figures; wife of President Bashar al‐Assad. Given the close personal relationship and intrinsic financial relationship to President Bashar al‐Assad, she benefits from and is associated with the Syrian regime.

23.3.2012

73.

Manal (Image 130) AL‐ASSAD (Image 131)

(a.k.a. Manal Al Ahmad)

Date of birth: 2.2.1970;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Passport No (Syrian) 0000000914;

Maiden name: Al Jadaan;

Gender: female

Wife of Maher al‐Assad, and as such benefits from and is closely associated with the Syrian regime.

23.3.2012

74.

Mohammad Walid GHAZAL

Date of birth: 1951;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Housing and Urban Development (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

76.

Major General Ibrahim (

Image 132

) AL‐HASSAN (

Image 133

) (a.k.a. al‐Hasan)

Gender: male

Deputy Chief of Staff. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

77.

Brigadier Khalil (

Image 134

) (a.k.a. Khaleel) ZGHRAYBIH (

Image 135

,

Image 136

) (a.k.a. Zghraybeh, Zghraybe, Zghrayba, Zghraybah, Zaghraybeh, Zaghraybe, Zaghrayba, Zaghraybah, Zeghraybeh, Zeghraybe, Zeghrayba, Zeghraybah, Zughraybeh, Zughraybe, Zughrayba, Zughraybah, Zighraybeh, Zighraybe, Zighrayba, Zighraybah)

Gender: male

14th Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

78.

Major General Ali (

Image 137

) BARAKAT (

Image 138

)

Gender: male

103rd Brigade of the Republican Guard Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs. Promoted to Major General in 2017.

1.12.2011

79.

Major General Talal (

Image 139

) MAKHLUF (

Image 140

) (a.k.a. Makhlouf)

Gender: male

Former commander of the 105th Brigade of the Republican Guards. Former Commander General of the Republican Guards. Current Commander of the 2nd Corps. Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011. Military official involved in the violence in Damascus.

1.12.2011

80.

Major General Nazih (

Image 141

) (a.k.a. Nazeeh) HASSUN (

Image 142

) (a.k.a. Hassoun)

Gender: male

Officer of the rank of Major General in the Syrian Armed Forces in post after May 2011. Head of the Political Security Directorate of the Syrian security services in post after May 2011. Responsible for violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

1.12.2011

81.

Captain Maan (

Image 143

) (a.k.a. Ma'an) JDIID (

Image 144

) (a.k.a. Jdid, Jedid, Jedeed, Jadeed, Jdeed)

Gender: male

Presidential Guard. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

82.

Mohammad (

Image 145

) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) AL‐SHAAR (

Image 146

) (a.k.a. al‐Chaar, al‐Sha'ar, al‐Cha'ar)

Gender: male

Political Security Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

83.

Khald (

Image 147

) (a.k.a. Khaled) AL‐TAWEEL (

Image 148

) (a.k.a. al‐Tawil)

Gender: male

Political Security Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

84.

Ghiath (

Image 149

) FAYAD (

Image 150

) (a.k.a. Fayyad)

Gender: male

Political Security Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

85.

Brigadier General Jawdat (

Image 151

) Ibrahim (

Image 152

) SAFI (

Image 153

)

Position: Commander of the 154th Regiment;

Gender: male

Ordered troops to shoot at protestors in and around Damascus, including Mo’adamiyeh, Douma, Abasiyeh, Duma.

23.1.2012

86.

Major General Muhammad (

Image 154

) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Ali (

Image 155

) DURGHAM

Position: Commander of the 4th Division;

Gender: male

Ordered troops to shoot at protestors in and around Damascus, including Mo’adamiyeh, Douma, Abasiyeh, Duma.

23.1.2012

87.

Major General Ramadan (

Image 156

) Mahmoud (

Image 157

) RAMADAN (

Image 158

)

Position: Commander of the 35th Special Forces Regiment;

Gender: male

Ordered troops to shoot protestors in Baniyas and Deraa.

23.1.2012

89.

Major General Naim (

Image 159

) (a.k.a. Naaeem, Naeem, Na'eem, Naaim, Na'im) Jasem (

Image 160

) SULEIMAN (

Image 161

)

Position: Commander of the 3rd Division;

Gender: male

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Douma.

23.1.2012

90.

Brigadier General Jihad (

Image 162

) Mohamed (

Image 163

) (a.k.a Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) SULTAN (

Image 164

)

Position: Commander of the 65th Brigade;

Gender: male

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Douma.

23.1.2012

91.

Major General Fo'ad (

Image 165

) (a.k.a. Fouad, Fu'ad) HAMOUDEH (

Image 166

) (a.k.a. Hammoudeh, Hammoude, Hammouda, Hammoudah)

Position: Commander of the military operations in Idlib;

Gender: male

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Idlib at the beginning of September 2011.

23.1.2012

92.

Major General Bader (

Image 167

) AQEL (

Image 168

)

Position: Special Forces Commander;

Gender: male

Gave soldiers orders to pick up the bodies and hand them over to the mukhabarat and responsible for the violence in Bukamal.

23.1.2012

93.

Brigadier General Ghassan (

Image 169

) AFIF (

Image 170

) (a.k.a. Afeef)

Position: Commander of the 45th Regiment;

Gender: male

Commander of military operations in Homs, Baniyas and Idlib.

23.1.2012

94.

Brigadier General Mohamed (

Image 171

) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) MAARUF (

Image 172

) (a.k.a. Maarouf, Ma'ruf)

Position: Commander of the 45th Regiment;

Gender: male

Commander of military operations in Homs. Gave orders to shoot protestors in Homs.

23.1.2012

95.

Brigadier General Yousef (

Image 173

) ISMAIL (

Image 174

) (a.k.a. Ismael)

Position: Commander of the 134th Brigade;

Gender: male

Gave orders to troops to shoot at houses and people on roofs during a funeral in Talbiseh for protesters killed the previous day.

23.1.2012

96.

Brigadier General Jamal (

Image 175

) YUNES (

Image 176

) (a.k.a. Younes)

Position: Commander of the 555th Regiment;

Gender: male

Gave orders to troops to shoot at protestors in Mo’adamiyeh.

23.1.2012

98.

Brigadier General Ali (

Image 177

) DAWWA

Gender: male

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Al‐Herak.

23.1.2012

99.

Major General Mohamed (

Image 178

) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) KHADDOR (

Image 179

) (a.k.a. Khaddour, Khaddur, Khadour, Khudour)

Position: Commander of the 106th Brigade, Presidential Guard;

Gender: male

Gave orders to troops to beat protesters with sticks and then arrest them. Responsible for repression of peaceful protestors in Douma.

23.1.2012

101.

Wafiq (

Image 180

) (a.k.a. Wafeeq) NASSER (

Image 181

)

Position: Head of Suwayda Regional Branch (Department of Military Intelligence);

Gender: male

As Head of the Suwayda Regional Branch of the Department for Military Intelligence, responsible for arbitrary detention and torture of detainees in Suwayda.

23.1.2012

102.

Ahmed (

Image 182

) (a.k.a. Ahmad) DIBE (

Image 183

) (a.k.a. Dib, Deeb)

Head of Deraa Regional Branch (General Security Directorate);

Gender: male

As Head of the Deraa Regional Branch of the General Security Directorate, responsible for arbitrary detention and torture of detainees in Deraa.

23.1.2012

103.

Makhmoud (

Image 184

) (a.k.a. Mahmoud) AL‐KHATTIB (

Image 185

) (a.k.a. al‐Khatib, al‐Khateeb)

Position: Head of Investigative Branch (Political Security Directorate);

Gender: male

As Head of the Investigative Branch of the Political Security Directorate, responsible for detention and torture of detainees.

23.1.2012

104.

Mohamed (

Image 186

) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Heikmat (

Image 187

) (a.k.a. Hikmat, Hekmat) IBRAHIM (

Image 188

)

Position: Major General. Head of the police of Al‐Hassaka;

Gender: male

Head of the police of Al‐Hassaka. Major General. As former Head of the Operations Branch of the Political Security Directorate, was responsible for detention and torture of detainees.

23.1.2012

105.

Nasser (Image 189) (a.k.a. Naser) AL‐ALI (Image 190)

(a.k.a. Brigadier General Nasr al‐Ali)

Position: Head of the Political Security Directorate;

Gender: male

Head of the Political Security Directorate since July 2019. Responsible for detention and torture of detainees.

23.1.2012

106.

Dr. Wael (

Image 191

) Nader (

Image 192

) AL–HALQI (

Image 193

) (a.k.a. al‐Halki)

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Dara’a Province, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Prime Minister, in office until 3.7.2016, and former Minister of Health. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population. Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Qasyoun Private University.

27.2.2012

107.

Mohammad Ibrahim AL‐SHA'AR

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of the Interior. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population. Vice Chair of the National Progressive Front of Syria.

1.12.2011

108.

Mohammad (

Image 194

) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) AL‐JLEILATI (

Image 195

)

Date of birth: 1945;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Finance, in office until 9.2.2013. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

1.12.2011

109.

Imad (Image 196) Mohammad (Image 197) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Deeb (Image 198) KHAMIS (Image 199)

(a.k.a. Imad Mohammad Dib Khamees)

Date of birth: 1.8.1961;

Place of birth: near Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Prime Minister and former Minister of Electricity. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

23.3.2012

110.

Omar (

Image 200

) Ibrahim (

Image 201

) GHALAWANJI (

Image 202

)

Date of birth: 1954;

Place of birth: Tartous, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Vice Prime Minister for Services Affairs, former Minister of Local Administration, in office until 3.7.2016. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

23.3.2012

111.

Joseph (

Image 203

) SUWAID (

Image 204

)

Date of birth: 1958;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of State, in office until at least 21.1.2014. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population. Chair of the Amana wing of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party.

23.3.2012

112.

Hussein (Image 205) (a.k.a. Hussain) Mahmoud (Image 206) FARZAT (Image 207)

(a.k.a.: Hussein Mahmud Farzat)

Date of birth: 1957;

Place of birth: Hama, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of State, in office until at least 2014. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

23.3.2012

113.

Mansour (Image 208) Fadlallah (Image 209) AZZAM (Image 210)

(a.k.a.: Mansur Fadl Allah Azzam)

Date of birth: 1960;

Place of birth: Sweida Province, Syria;

Gender: male

Minister for Presidency Affairs. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

27.2.2012

114.

Emad (Image 211) Abdul‐Ghani (Image 212) SABOUNI (Image 213)

(a.k.a. Imad Abdul Ghani Al Sabuni)

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Telecommunications and Technology, in office until at least April 2014. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population. Appointed in July 2016 as the Head of Planning and International Cooperation Agency (government agency).

27.2.2012

115.

General Ali (

Image 214

) Habib (

Image 215

) (a.k.a. Habeeb) MAHMOUD (

Image 216

)

Date of birth: 1939;

Place of birth: Tartous, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Defence. Associated with the Syrian regime and the Syrian military, and its violent repression of the civilian population.

1.8.2011

116.

Tayseer (

Image 217

) Qala (

Image 218

) AWWAD (

Image 219

)

Date of birth: 1943;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Justice. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population. Former Head of Military Court. Member of the High Judicial Council.

23.9.2011

117.

Adnan (

Image 220

) Hassan (

Image 221

) MAHMOUD (

Image 222

)

Date of birth: 1966;

Place of birth: Tartous, Syria;

Gender: male

Syrian Ambassador to Iran. Former Minister of Information in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

23.9.2011

118.

Khalaf Souleymane ABDALLAH

(a.k.a. Khalaf Sleiman al‐Abdullah)

Date of birth: 1960;

Place of birth: Deir ez‐Zor, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Labour in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

119.

Sufian (

Image 223

) ALLAW (

Image 224

)

Date of birth: 1944;

Place of birth: al‐Bukamal, Deir Ezzor, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population.

27.2.2012

120.

Dr. Adnan (

Image 225

) SLAKHO (

Image 226

)

Date of birth: 1955;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Industry. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population.

27.2.2012

121.

Dr. Saleh (

Image 227

) AL‐RASHED (

Image 228

)

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Aleppo Province, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Education. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population.

27.2.2012

122.

Dr. Fayssal (

Image 229

) (a.k.a. Faysal) ABBAS (

Image 230

)

Date of birth: 1955;

Place of birth: Hama Province, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Transport. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population.

27.2.2012

123.

Ghiath (

Image 231

) JERAATLI (

Image 232

) (a.k.a. Jer'atli, Jir'atli, Jiraatli)

Date of birth: 1950;

Place of birth: Salamiya, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of State. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population.

23.3.2012

124.

Yousef (

Image 233

) Suleiman (

Image 234

) AL‐AHMAD (

Image 235

) (a.k.a. al‐Ahmed)

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Hasaka, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of State. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population.

23.3.2012

125.

Hassan (

Image 236

,

Image 237

) AL‐SARI (

Image 238

)

Date of birth: 1953;

Place of birth: Hama, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of State. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression of the civilian population.

23.3.2012

126.

Bouthaina (Image 239) SHAABAN (Image 240)

(a.k.a. Buthaina Shaaban)

Date of birth: 1953;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria;

Gender: female

Political and Media Advisor to the President since July 2008 and as such associated with the violent crackdown on the civilian population.

26.6.2012

127.

Brigadier General Sha'afiq (

Image 241

) (a.k.a. Shafiq, Shafik) MASA (

Image 242

) (a.k.a. Massa)

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Al‐Zara (Hama), Syria;

Gender: male

Head of Branch 215 (Damascus) of the army’s intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of detained opponents. Involved in repressive actions against civilians.

24.7.2012

128.

Brigadier General Burhan (

Image 243

) QADOUR (

Image 244

) (a.k.a. Qaddour, Qaddur)

Gender: male

Former Head of Branch 291 (Damascus) of the army’s intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

129.

Brigadier General Salah (

Image 245

) HAMAD (

Image 246

)

Gender: male

Deputy Head of Branch 291 of the army’s intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

130.

Brigadier General Muhammad (

Image 247

) (a.k.a. Mohammed) KHALLOUF (

Image 248

) (a.k.a. Abou Ezzat)

Gender: male

Former (2009‐2014) Head of Branch 235 a.k.a. ‘Palestine’ (Damascus) of the army’s intelligence service, which is at the centre of the army’s apparatus of repression. Directly involved in repression of opponents. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

131.

Major General Riad (

Image 249

) (a.k.a. Riyad) AL‐AHMED (

Image 250

) (a.k.a. al‐Ahmad)

Gender: male

Deputy Head of Latakia Branch of the army’s intelligence service. Responsible for the torture and murder of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

132.

Brigadier General Abdul‐Salam (

Image 251

) Fajr (

Image 252

) MAHMOUD (

Image 253

)

Gender: male

Head of the Bab Tuma (Damascus) Branch of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence Service. Former Head of the Mezze Airport Air Force intelligence investigation branch. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody. Under international arrest warrant for ‘complicity in acts of torture’, ‘complicity in crimes against humanity’ and ‘complicity in war crimes’.

24.7.2012

133.

Brigadier General Jawdat (

Image 254

) AL‐AHMED (

Image 255

) (a.k.a. al‐Ahmad)

Place of birth: Qardaha, Lattakia province, Syria;

Gender: male

Head of the Homs Branch of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence Service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody as well as killings of peaceful protesters.

24.7.2012

134.

Colonel Qusay (

Image 256

) MIHOUB (

Image 257

)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Derghamo, Jableh, Lattakia, Syria;

Gender: male

High‐ranking officer at the Syrian Air Force Intelligence Service. Former Head of the Deraa branch of the air force's intelligence service (sent from Damascus to Deraa at the start of demonstrations there). Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody as well as the violent repression of peaceful protests in the southern region.

24.7.2012

135.

Brigadier General Suhail (

Image 258

) (a.k.a. Suheil) AL‐ABDULLAH (

Image 259

) (a.k.a. al‐Abdallah)

Gender: male

Head of the Latakia Branch of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence Service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

136.

Brigadier General Khudr (

Image 260

) KHUDR (

Image 261

)

Gender: male

Head of the Latakia branch of the General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

137.

Brigadier General Ibrahim (

Image 262

) MA'ALA (

Image 263

) (a.k.a. Maala, Maale, Ma'la)

Gender: male

Head of Branch 285 (Damascus) of the General Intelligence Directorate (replaced Brigadier General Hussam Fendi at the end of 2011). Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

138.

Brigadier General Firas (

Image 264

) AL‐HAMED (

Image 265

) (a.k.a. al‐Hamid)

Gender: male

Head of Branch 318 (Homs) of the General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

139.

Major General Hussam (

Image 266

) (a.k.a. Husam, Housam, Houssam) LUQA (

Image 267

) (a.k.a. Louqa, Louca, Louka, Luka)

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Head of the General Security Directorate. Major General. From April 2012 to 2.12.2018, was head of the Homs branch of the Political Security Directorate (succeeded Brigadier General Nasr al‐Ali). Since 3.12.2018, head of the Political Security Directorate. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

140.

Brigadier General Taha (

Image 268

) TAHA (

Image 269

)

Gender: male

Site manager of the Latakia branch of the Political Security Directorate. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

141.

Bassel (

Image 270

) (a.k.a. Basel) BILAL (

Image 271

)

Gender: male

Police officer at Idlib central prison; has taken part directly in acts of torture of opponents held in Idlib central prison.

24.7.2012

142.

Ahmad (

Image 272

) (a.k.a. Ahmed) KAFAN (

Image 273

)

Gender: male

Police officer at Idlib central prison; has taken part directly in acts of torture of opponents held in Idlib central prison.

24.7.2012

143.

Bassam (

Image 274

) AL‐MISRI (

Image 275

)

Gender: male

Police officer at Idlib central prison; has taken part directly in acts of torture of opponents held in Idlib central prison.

24.7.2012

144.

Ahmed (

Image 276

) (a.k.a. Ahmad) AL‐JARROUCHEH (

Image 277

) (a.k.a. al‐Jarousha, al‐Jarousheh, al‐Jaroucha, al‐Jarouchah, al‐Jaroucheh)

Date of birth: 1957;

Gender: male

Former head of the foreign branch of General Intelligence (Branch 279). As such, responsible for General Intelligence arrangements in Syrian embassies.

24.7.2012

145.

Michel (

Image 278

) KASSOUHA (

Image 279

) (a.k.a. Kasouha) (a.k.a. Ahmed Salem; Ahmed Salem Hassan)

Date of birth: 1.2.1948;

Gender: male

Member of the Syrian security services since the early 1970s, he is involved in combating opposition in France and Germany. Since March 2006, has been responsible for public relations of Branch 273 of the Syrian General Intelligence Directorate. A longstanding member of the managerial staff, he is close to General Intelligence Directorate head Ali Mamlouk, one of the top security officials of the regime who has been subject to EU restrictive measures since 9.5.2011. He directly supports the Syrian regime’s repression of opponents and is responsible inter alia for repression of the Syrian opposition abroad.

24.7.2012

146.

General Ghassan (

Image 280

) Jaoudat (

Image 281

) ISMAIL (

Image 282

) (a.k.a. Ismael)

Date of birth: 1960;

Place of birth: Drekish, Tartous region, Syria;

Gender: male

Head of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence Service since 2019. Former deputy director of the Air Force Intelligence Service and previously in charge of the missions branch of the Air Force Intelligence Service which, in cooperation with the special operations branch, manages the elite troops of the Air Force Intelligence Service, who play an important role in the repression conducted by the Syrian regime. As such, Ghassan Jaoudat Ismail is one of the top military leaders directly implementing the violent repression of opponents conducted by the Syrian regime as well as practices of disappearance of civilians.

24.7.2012

147.

Major General Amer AL‐ACHI (a.k.a. Amer Ibrahim al‐Achi; Amis al Ashi; Ammar Aachi; Amer Ashi) (

Image 283

)

Gender: male

Appointed Governor of the Sweida Governorate by President Bashar al‐Assad on July 2016. Former Head of the intelligence branch of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence Service (2012‐2016). Through his role in the Air Force Intelligence Service, Amer al‐Achi is implicated in the repression of the Syrian opposition.

24.7.2012

148.

General Mohammed (

Image 284

) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammad) Ali (

Image 285

) NASR (

Image 286

) (a.k.a. Mohammed Ali Naser)

Date of birth: around 1960;

Gender: male

Close to Maher al‐Assad, younger brother of President Bashar al‐Assad. Most of his career has been spent in the Republican Guard. In 2010 he joined the internal branch (Branch 251) of the General Intelligence Directorate which is responsible for combating the political opposition. As one of its senior officers, General Mohammed Ali Nasr is directly involved in the repression of opponents.

24.7.2012

149.

General Issam (

Image 287

) HALLAQ (

Image 288

)

Gender: male

Air Force Chief of Staff since 2010. Commands air operations against opponents.

24.7.2012

150.

Ezzedine (

Image 289

) ISMAEL (

Image 290

) (a.k.a. Ismail)

Date of birth: middle of the 1940s (probably 1947);

Place of birth: Bastir, Jableh region, Syria;

Gender: male

Retired general, longstanding member of the managerial staff of the Air Force Intelligence Service, of which he became the head in the early 2000s. Was appointed political and security adviser to the President in 2006. As political and security adviser to President Bashar al‐Assad, Ezzedine Ismael is implicated in the political repression conducted by the Syrian regime against the opposition.

24.7.2012

151.

Samir (Image 291) (a.k.a. Sameer) JOUMAA (Image 292) (a.k.a. Jumaa, Jum'a, Joum'a)

(a.k.a. Abou Sami)

Date of birth: around 1962;

Gender: male

For almost 20 years he has been head of the office of Mohammad Nassif Kheir Bek, one of the main security advisers of President Bashar al‐Assad (and officially deputy to the Vice President, Farouk al‐Sharaa). Samir Joumaa’s closeness to President Bashar al‐Assad and Mohammed Nassif Kheir Bek means that he is implicated in the policy of repression conducted by the Syrian regime against its opponents.

24.7.2012

152.

Dr. Qadri (

Image 293

) (a.k.a. Kadri) JAMIL (

Image 294

) (a.k.a. Jameel)

Date of birth: 1952;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Vice Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, former Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Protection. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

153.

Waleed (

Image 295

) (a.k.a. Walid) AL MO'ALLEM (

Image 296

) (a.k.a. Al Moallem, Muallem (

Image 297

))

Date of birth: 17.7.1941;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Vice Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

155.

Dr. Mohammad (

Image 298

) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Abdul‐Sattar (

Image 299

) (a.k.a. Abd al‐Sattar) AL SAYED (

Image 300

) (a.k.a. Al Sayyed)

Date of birth: 1958;

Place of birth: Tartous, Syria;

Gender: male

Minister of Religious Endowments. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

156.

Hala (

Image 301

) Mohammad (

Image 302

) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) AL NASSER (

Image 303

)

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Raqqa, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Tourism. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

157.

Bassam (

Image 304

) HANNA (

Image 305

)

Date of birth: 1954;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Water Resources in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

158.

Subhi (

Image 306

) Ahmad (

Image 307

) AL ABDALLAH (

Image 308

) (a.k.a. al‐Abdullah)

Gender: male

Former Minister of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

159.

Dr. Mohammad (

Image 309

) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammed) Yahiya (

Image 310

) (a.k.a. Yehya, Yahya, Yihya, Yihia, Yahia) MOALLA (

Image 311

) (a.k.a. Mu'la, Ma'la, Muala, Maala, Mala)

Date of birth: 1951;

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Higher Education. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

160.

Dr. Hazwan (

Image 312

) AL WEZ (

Image 313

) (a.k.a. Al Wazz)

Gender: male

Former Minister of Education, appointed in July 2016.

As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

161.

Dr. Mohamad (

Image 314

) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammed, Mohammad) Zafer (

Image 315

) (a.k.a. Dhafer) MOHABAK (

Image 316

) (a.k.a. Mohabbak, Muhabak, Muhabbak)

Date of birth: 1945

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

162.

Dr. Mahmoud (

Image 317

) Ibraheem (

Image 318

) (a.k.a. Ibrahim) SA'IID (

Image 319

) (a.k.a. Said, Sa'eed, Saeed)

Date of birth: 1953;

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Transport in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

163.

Dr. Safwan (

Image 320

) AL ASSAF (

Image 321

)

Gender: male

Former Minister of Housing and Urban Development. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

164.

Yasser (

Image 322

) (a.k.a. Yaser) AL SIBA'II (

Image 323

) (a.k.a. al‐Sibai, al‐Siba'i, al Sibaei)

Gender: male

Former Minister of Public Works. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

165.

Sa'iid (

Image 324

) (a.k.a. Sa'id, Sa'eed, Saeed) MA'THI (

Image 325

) (a.k.a. Mu'zi, Mu'dhi, Ma'dhi, Ma'zi, Maazi) Hneidi (

Image 326

)

Gender: male

Former Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

166.

Dr. Lubana (

Image 327

) (a.k.a. Lubanah) MUSHAWEH (

Image 328

) (a.k.a. Mshaweh, Mshawweh, Mushawweh)

Date of birth: 1955;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: female

Former Minister of Culture in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

167.

Dr. Jassem (

Image 329

) (a.k.a. Jasem) Mohammad (

Image 330

) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) ZAKARIA (

Image 331

)

Date of birth: 1968;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Labour and Social Affairs. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

169.

Dr. Adnan (

Image 332

) Abdo (

Image 333

) (a.k.a. Abdou) AL SIKHNY (

Image 334

) (a.k.a. al‐Sikhni, al‐Sekhny, al‐Sekhni)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Industry. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

170.

Najm (

Image 335

) (a.k.a. Nejm) Hamad (

Image 336

) AL AHMAD (

Image 337

) (a.k.a. al‐Ahmed)

Gender: male

Former Minister of Justice in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

171.

Dr. Abdul‐Salam (

Image 338

) AL NAYEF (

Image 339

)

Date of birth: 1959

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Health in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

172.

Ali HADAR

Date of birth: 1962;

Gender: male

Head of the National Reconciliation Agency and former State Minister for National Reconciliation Affairs. Chair of the Intifada wing of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

173.

Dr. Nazeera (

Image 340

) (a.k.a. Nazira, Nadheera, Nadhira) Farah (

Image 341

) SARKEES (

Image 342

) (a.k.a. Sarkis)

Date of birth: 1962;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: female

Former State Minister for Environmental Affairs, in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

175.

Najm‐eddin (

Image 343

) (a.k.a. Nejm‐eddin, Nejm‐eddeen, Najm‐eddeen, Nejm‐addin, Nejm‐addeen, Najm‐addeen, Najm‐addin) KHREIT (

Image 344

) (a.k.a. Khrait)

Gender: male

Former State Minister. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

176.

Abdullah (

Image 345

) (a.k.a. Abdallah) Khaleel (

Image 346

) (a.k.a. Khalil) HUSSEIN (

Image 347

) a.k.a. Hussain)

Gender: male

Former State Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

177.

Jamal (

Image 348

) Sha'ban (

Image 349

) (a.k.a. Shaaban) SHAHEEN (

Image 350

)

Gender: male

Former State Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

16.10.2012

178.

Nizar Wahbeh YAZAJI

(a.k.a. Nizar Wehbe Yazigi)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Minister of Health since 27.8.2014. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

179.

Razan (

Image 351

) OTHMAN (

Image 352

)

Wife of Rami Makhlouf, daughter of Waleed (alias Walid) Othman;

Date of birth: 31.1.1977;

Place of birth: Governorate of Latakia, Syria;

ID No: 06090034007

Gender: female

Razan Othman has close personal and financial relations with Rami Makhlouf, cousin of President Bashar al‐Assad and principal financer of the regime, who has been designated by the Council. As such, associated with the Syrian regime, and benefiting from it, notably through investments in the real estate sector.

16.10.2012

180.

Ahmad AL‐QADRI

Date of birth: 1956;

Gender: male

Agriculture and Agrarian Reform Minister. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

181.

Suleiman AL ABBAS

Gender: male

Former Oil and Mineral Resources Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

182.

Kamal Eddin TU'MA

Date of birth: 1959;

Gender: male

Former Industry Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

183.

Kinda AL‐SHAMMAT (a.k.a. Shmat)

Date of birth: 1973;

Gender: female

Former Social Affairs Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

184.

Hassan HIJAZI

Date of birth: 1964;

Gender: male

Former Minister for Labour in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

185.

Ismael ISMAEL (a.k.a. Ismail Ismail; or Isma'Il Isma'il)

Date of birth: 1955;

Gender: male

Former Finance Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

186.

Dr. Khodr ORFALI (a.k.a. Khud/Khudr; Urfali/Orphaly)

Date of birth: 1956;

Gender: male

Former Economy and Foreign Trade Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

187.

Samir Izzat Qadi AMIN

Date of birth: 1966;

Gender: male

Former Internal Trade and Consumer Protection Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

188.

Bishr Riyad YAZIGI

Date of birth: 1972;

Gender: male

Advisor to President Bashar al‐Assad. Former Minister of Tourism. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

189.

Dr. Malek (

Image 353

) ALI (

Image 354

) (a.k.a. Malik Ali)

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Tartous, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Higher Education Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

190.

Hussein ARNOUS (a.k.a. Arnus)

Date of birth: 1953;

Gender: male

Water Resources Minister. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

191.

Dr. Hassib Elias SHAMMAS (a.k.a. Hasib)

Date of birth: 1957;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former State Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

24.6.2014

192.

Hashim Anwar AL‐AQQAD

(a.k.a. Hashem Aqqad, Hashem Akkad, Hashim Akkad)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Mohagirine, Syria;

Gender: male

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in multiple sectors of Syria’s economy. He holds interests in and/or has significant influence in Anwar Akkad Sons Group (AASG) and its subsidiary United Oil. AASG is a conglomerate with interests in sectors such as oil, gas, chemicals, insurance, industrial machinery, real estate, tourism, exhibitions, contracting, insurance and medical equipment.

Hashim Anwar al‐Aqqad also worked as a member of the Syrian Parliament as recently as 2012.

Hashim Anwar Al‐Aqqad could not have remained successful without assistance from the regime. Given the extent of his business and political ties to the regime, he provides support to and benefits from the Syrian regime.

23.7.2014

193.

Suhayl (a.k.a. Sohail, Suhail, Suheil) HASSAN (a.k.a. Hasan, al‐Hasan, al‐Hassan) known as ‘The Tiger’ (a.k.a. al‐Nimr)

Date of birth: 1970;

Place of birth: Jableh, Latakia Province, Syria;

Rank: Major‐General;

Position: Commander of Qawat al‐Nimr (Division 25 Special Mission Forces, formerly known as Tiger Forces);

Gender: male

Officer of the rank of Major‐General in the Syrian Army after May 2011. Commander of army division known as ‘Tiger Forces’. Since August 2019, ‘Tiger Forces’ has been renamed ‘Division 25 Special Mission Forces’ and placed under the army’s central command. Responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

23.7.2014

194.

Amr ARMANAZI

(a.k.a. Amr Muhammad Najib al‐Armanazi, Amr Najib Armanazi, Amrou al‐Armanazy)

Date of birth: 7.2.1944;

Gender: male

Director‐General of the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC), responsible for providing support to the Syrian army for the acquisition of equipment used for the surveillance and repression of demonstrators. Also responsible for the development and production of non‐conventional weapons, including chemical weapons, and the missiles to deliver them.

Responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population; supports the Syrian regime.

23.7.2014

199.

Bayan BITAR

(a.k.a. Dr. Bayan al‐Bitar)

Date of birth: 8.3.1947;

Address: P.O. Box 11037, Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Managing Director of the Organisation for Technological Industries (OTI), and the Syrian Company for Information Technology (SCIT), which are both subsidiaries of the Syrian Ministry of Defence, which has been designated by the Council. OTI assists in the production of chemical weapons for the Syrian regime. As Managing Director of OTI and the SCIT, Bayan Bitar provides support to the Syrian regime. Due to his role in the production of chemical weapons, he also shares responsibility for the violent repression of the Syrian population. In view of his senior position in these entities, he is also associated with the designated entities OTI and SCIT.

7.3.2015

200.

Brigadier General Ghassan ABBAS

Date of birth: 10.3.1960;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria;

Address: CERS, Centre d'Etude et de Recherche Scientifique (a.k.a. SSRC, Scientific Studies and Research Centre; Centre de Recherche de Kaboun Barzeh Street, P.O. Box 4470, Damascus, Syria)

Gender: male

Manager of the branch of the designated Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC/CERS) near Jumraya/Jmraiya. He has been involved in the proliferation of chemical weapons and the organisation of chemical weapons attacks, including in Ghouta in August 2013. He therefore shares responsibility for the violent repression of the Syrian population. As manager of the SSRC/CERS branch near Jumraya/Jmraiya, Ghassan Abbas provides support to the Syrian regime. As a result of his senior position in the SSRC, he is also associated with the designated entity SSRC.

7.3.2015

202.

Hassan SAFIYEH

(a.k.a. Hassan Safiye)

Date of birth: 1949;

Place of birth: Latakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

21.10.2014

203.

George HASWANI

(a.k.a. Heswani; Hasawani; Al Hasawani)

Address: Damascus Province, Yabroud, Al Jalaa St, Syria;

Gender: male

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in the engineering, construction and oil and gas sectors. He holds interests in and/or has significant influence in a number of companies and entities in Syria, in particular HESCO Engineering and Construction Company, a major engineering and construction company.

7.3.2015

204.

Emad (Image 355) HAMSHO (Image 356)

(a.k.a. Imad Hmisho; Hamchu; Hamcho; Hamisho; Hmeisho; Hemasho)

Address: Hamsho Building 31 Baghdad Street, Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Occupies a senior management position in Hamsho Trading. As a result of his senior position in Hamsho Trading, a subsidiary of Hamsho International, which has been designated by the Council, he provides support to the Syrian regime. He is also associated with a designated entity, Hamsho International. He is also vice‐president of the Syrian Council of Iron and Steel alongside designated regime businessmen such as Ayman Jaber. He is also an associate of President Bashar al‐Assad.

7.3.2015

206.

Major General Muhamad (

Image 357

) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad) MAHALLA (

Image 358

) (a.k.a. Mahla, Mualla, Maalla, Muhalla)

Date of birth: 1960;

Place of birth: Jableh, Syria;

Gender: male

Member of the Syria Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011. Former head of the Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI), Branch 293 (Internal Affairs), since April 2015. Responsible for repression of and violence against the civilian population in Damascus/Damascus Countryside. Former Deputy Head of Political Security (2012), Officer of the Syrian Republican Guard and Vice‐Director of the Political Security Directorate. Former head of Military Police, Member of the National Security Bureau.

29.5.2015

207.

Adib SALAMEH

(a.k.a. Adib Salamah; Adib Salama; Adib Salame; Mohammed Adib Salameh; Adib Nimr Salameh)

(Image 359)

Position: Major General, Deputy Director of Air Force Intelligence Directorate in Damascus;

Gender: male

Member of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011; Deputy Director of the Air Force Intelligence Directorate in Damascus; previously Head of Air Force Intelligence in Aleppo.

Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of Colonel and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011; holds the rank of Major General.

Responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria, through the planning of and involvement in military assaults in Aleppo and authority over the arrest and detention of civilians.

28.10.2016

208.

Adnan Aboud HILWEH

(a.k.a. Adnan Aboud Helweh; Adnan Aboud)

(Image 360)

Position: Brigadier General;

Gender: male

Holds the rank of Brigadier General of 155 Brigade and 157 Brigade in the Syrian Army in post after May 2011.

As the Brigadier General of 155 Brigade and 157 Brigade, he is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria, including through his responsibility for the deployment and use of missile and chemical weapons in civilian areas in 2013 and involvement in large scale detentions.

28.10.2016

209.

Jawdat Salbi MAWAS

(a.k.a. Jawdat Salibi Mawwas; Jawdat Salibi Mawwaz)

(Image 361)

Position: Major General;

Gender: male

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer in the Syrian Artillery and Missile Directorate of the Syrian Armed Forces, in post after May 2011.

As a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Artillery and Missile Directorate, he is responsible for violent repression of the civilian population, including the use of missiles and chemical weapons by Brigades under his command in highly populated civilian areas in Ghouta in 2013.

28.10.2016

210.

Tahir (

Image 362

) Hamid (

Image 363

) KHALIL (

Image 364

) (a.k.a. Tahir Hamid Khali; Khalil Tahir Hamid)

Position: Major General;

Gender: male

Holds the ranks of Major General, Head of the Syrian Artillery and Missiles Directorate of the Syrian Armed Forces, in post after May 2011. As a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Artillery and Missile Directorate, he is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population, including the deployment of missiles and chemical weapons by Brigades under his command in highly populated civilian areas in Ghouta in 2013.

28.10.2016

211.

Hilal HILAL (a.k.a. Hilal al‐Hilal) (

Image 365

)

Date of birth: 1966;

Gender: male

Member of the regime‐affiliated militias known as ‘Kataeb al‐Baath’ (the Baath Party militia). Vice‐Chairman of the Baath Party. Supports the Syrian regime through his role in the recruitment and organisation of the Baath Party militia.

28.10.2016

212.

Ammar AL‐SHARIF

(a.k.a. Amar al‐Sharif; Amar al‐Charif; Ammar Sharif; Ammar Charif; Ammar al Shareef; Ammar Sherif; Ammar Medhat Sherif)

(Image 366)

Date of birth: 26.6.1969;

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Syrian Passport:

‐ number: 010312413;

‐ issue number: 002‐15‐L093534;

‐ date of issue: 14.7.2015;

‐ place of issue: Damascus‐Centre;

‐ date of expiry: 13.7.2021;

National number: 060‐10276707;

Gender: male

Associated with a member of the Makhlouf family (brother‐in‐law of Rami Makhlouf).

28.10.2016

213.

Bishr AL‐SABBAN

(a.k.a. Mohammed Bishr al‐Sabban; Bishr Mazin al‐Sabban)

Date of birth: 1966;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Governor of Damascus, who was appointed by, and is associated with, President Bashar al‐Assad. Supports the Syrian regime and is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria, including engaging in discriminatory practices against Sunni communities within the capital.

28.10.2016

214.

Ahmad Sheik ABDUL‐QADER

(a.k.a. Ahmad Sheikh Abdul Qadir; Ahmad al‐Sheik Abdulquader)

(Image 367)

Gender: male

Former Governor of Quneitra, associated with and appointed by President Bashar al‐Assad. Previously Governor of Latakia. Supports and benefits from the Syrian regime, including by public support for the Syrian Armed Forces and pro‐regime militia.

28.10.2016

215.

Dr. Ghassan Omar KHALAF

(Image 368)

Gender: male

Former Governor of Hama, who was appointed by, and is associated with, President Bashar al‐Assad. He also supports and benefits from the Syrian regime. Ghassan Omar Khalaf is closely associated with members of a regime‐affiliated militia in Hama known as the Hama Brigade.

28.10.2016

216.

Khayr al‐Din AL‐SAYYED

(a.k.a. Khayr al‐Din Abdul‐Sattar al‐Sayyed; Mohamed Khair al‐Sayyed; Kheredden al‐Sayyed; Khairuddin as‐Sayyed; Khaireddin al‐Sayyed; Kheir Eddin al‐Sayyed; Kheir Eddib Asayed)

(Image 369)

Gender: male

Former Governor of Idlib, associated with and appointed by President Bashar al‐Assad. Benefits from and supports the Syrian regime, including by providing support for Syrian Armed Forces and pro‐regime militia. Associated with the regime’s Minister of Awqaf, Dr. Mohammad Abdul‐Sattar al‐Sayyed, who is his brother.

28.10.2016

217.

Atef NADDAF

(Image 370)

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Damascus Countryside, Syria;

Gender: male

Minister of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection.

Appointed in November 2018.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

218.

Hussein MAKHLOUF

(a.k.a. Makhluf)

(Image 371)

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Local Administration Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

Former Governor of Damascus Governorate.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

Cousin of Rami Makhlouf.

14.11.2016

219.

Ali AL‐ZAFIR

(Image 372)

Date of birth: 1962;

Place of birth: Tartus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Communications and Technology. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

220.

Ali GHANEM

(Image 373)

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Minister for Petroleum and Mineral Resources.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

221.

Mohammed (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammad) Ramez TOURJMAN (a.k.a. Tourjuman)

(Image 374)

Date of birth: 1966;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Information. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

222.

Mohammed (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammad) AL‐AHMED (a.k.a. al‐Ahmad)

(Image 375)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria;

Gender: male

Culture Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

223.

Ali HAMOUD

(a.k.a. Hammoud)

(Image 376)

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Tartus, Syria;

Gender: male

Transport Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

224.

Mohammed Zuhair (a.k.a. Zahir) KHARBOUTLI

(Image 377)

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Electricity Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

225.

Maamoun (a.k.a. Ma'moun) HAMDAN

(Image 378)

Date of birth: 1958;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Finance Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

226.

Nabil AL‐HASAN (a.k.a. al‐Hassan)

(Image 379)

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Water Resources.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

227.

Ahmad AL‐HAMU (a.k.a. al‐Hamo)

(Image 380)

Date of birth: 1947;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Industry. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

228.

Abdullah AL‐GHARBI (a.k.a. al‐Qirbi)

(Image 381)

Date of birth: 1962;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

229.

Abdullah ABDULLAH

(Image 382)

Date of birth: 1956;

Gender: male

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

230.

Salwa ABDULLAH

(Image 383)

Date of birth: 1953;

Place of birth: Quneitra, Syria;

Gender: female

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

231.

Rafe'a Abu SA'AD (a.k.a. Saad)

(Image 384)

Date of birth: 1954;

Place of birth: Habran village, Sweida province, Syria;

Gender: male

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

232.

Wafiqa HOSNI

(Image 385)

Date of birth: 1952;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: female

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

233.

Rima AL‐QADIRI (a.k.a. al‐Kadiri)

(Image 386)

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: female

Minister for Social Affairs (since August 2015).

As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the Syrian regime’s violent repression of the civilian population.

14.11.2016

234.

Duraid DURGHAM

Gender: male

Former Governor of the Central Bank of Syria.

Was responsible for providing economic and financial support to the Syrian regime through his functions as the Governor of the Central Bank of Syria, which is also listed.

14.11.2016

235.

Ahmad BALLUL

(a.k.a. Ahmad Muhammad Ballul; Ahmed Balol)

Image 387

Date of birth: 10.10.1954;

Rank: Major General; Commander of the Syrian Arab Air Force and Air Defence Forces;

Gender: male

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer and Commander of the Syrian Arab Air and Air Defence Forces, in post after May 2011.

Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and, as a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Arab Air Force, is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population, including the use of chemical weapons attacks by the Syrian regime identified in the report of the Joint Investigative Mechanism.

21.3.2017

236.

Saji' DARWISH

(a.k.a. Saji Jamil Darwish; Sajee Darwish; Sjaa Darwis)

(Image 388)

Date of birth: 11.1.1957;

Rank: Major General, Syrian Arab Air Force;

Gender: male

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer and former Commander of the 22nd Division of the Syrian Arab Air Force, in post after May 2011.

Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population. As a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Arab Air Force and Commander of the 22nd Division until April 2017 he holds responsibility for the use of chemical weapons by aircraft operating from airbases under the control of the 22nd Division, including the attack on Talmenes that the Joint Investigative Mechanism reported was conducted by Hama airfield‐based regime helicopters.

21.3.2017

237.

Muhammed IBRAHIM

Image 389

Date of birth: 5.8.1964;

Rank: Brigadier General; Deputy Commander of Syrian Arab Air Force 63rd Brigade at Hama airfield;

Gender: male

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, a senior officer and Deputy Commander of the Syrian Arab Air Force 63rd Brigade, in post after May 2011.

Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and, as a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Arab Air Force during the period investigated by the Joint Investigative Mechanism and as Deputy Commander of the 63rd Brigade from March to December 2015, is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population through the use of chemical weapons by the 63rd Brigade in Talmenes (21.4.2014), Qmenas (16.3.2015) and Sarmin (16.3.2015).

21.3.2017

238.

Badi' MU'ALLA

Image 390

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Bistuwir, Jablah, Syria;

Rank: Brigadier General; Commander of Syrian Arab Air Force 63rd Brigade;

Gender: male

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, a senior officer and Commander of 63rd Brigade of the Syrian Arab Air Force, in post after May 2011.

Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and, as Commander of the 63rd Brigade during the period investigated by the Joint Investigative Mechanism, is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population through the use of chemical weapons by the 63rd Brigade in Talmenes (21.4.2014), Qmenas (16.3.2015) and Sarmin (16.3.2015).

21.3.2017

239.

Hisham Mohammad Mamdouh AL‐SHA'AR

Date of birth: 1958;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Justice Minister. Appointed in March 2017.

30.5.2017

240.

Mohammad Samer Abdelrahman AL‐KHALIL

Gender: male

Economy and Foreign Trade Minister. Appointed in March 2017.

30.5.2017

241.

Salam Mohammad AL‐SAFFAF

Date of birth: 1979;

Gender: male

Administrative Development Minister. Appointed in March 2017.

30.5.2017

242.

Samir DABUL

(a.k.a. Samir Daaboul)

Date of birth: 4.9.1965;

Rank: B